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Moncharmont P P French Blood Establishment, Rhône-Alpes Lyon Department, Lyon, France. - - 2007
The HPA-15 platelet (PLT) group was recently described. Severe neonatal thrombocytopenia due to alloimmunization by HPA-15b has very rarely been observed. A 22-year-old mother, gravida 1/para 1, gave birth to a male infant who presented with a severe thrombocytopenia, the PLT count recorded to be 3 x10(9)/L. A few hours ...
Reynolds Eric W - - 2007
Neonatal withdrawal from maternal drugs and medications is common in some NICUs. Codeine-containing cough preparations given to pregnant mothers have been identified as a cause of neonatal abstinence syndrome. However, many women do not consider prescription cough syrups when asked about drug use. Maternal medication or illicit drug use has ...
Roberts Lance L - - 2007
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Quality Indicator tools were used to identify risk factors for maternal birth-related trauma rates in the 2003 Nationwide Inpatient Sample and the 2002-2004 Iowa State Inpatient Database. Risk-adjusted analyses of these datasets isolated salient risk factors for maternal trauma. The rates of Iowa's ...
Jansson Lauren M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Though methadone pharmacotherapy is the treatment of choice for opiate-dependence during pregnancy in the USA, most methadone-exposed neonates develop neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). NAS expression is widely variable among methadone-exposed neonates and only a subset requires pharmacotherapy. This study explores the potential predictors of NAS severity, including aspects of ...
Kaplan Lauren A LA Department of Psychology, Columbia University, 1190 Amsterdam Ave MC 5501, New York, NY 10027, USA. - - 2008
Animal research suggests that antenatal stress exposure and postnatal rearing style act in concert to shape offspring biobehavioral outcomes. However, the combination of these maternally-mediated influences has not been studied in human infants. To examine antenatal psychiatric status and maternal sensitivity in relation to 4-month-olds' autonomic regulation, HPA-axis functioning, and ...
Zehnder Caralyn B - - 2007
Maternal effects have the potential to affect population dynamics and evolution. To affect population dynamics, maternal effects must influence offspring vital rates (birth, death, or movement). Here, we explore the magnitude of nongenetic maternal influence on the vital rates of an insect herbivore and explore predictability of maternal effects with ...
Van den Hove Daniël L A - - 2008
Recent evidence has shown that prenatal maternal stress has negative consequences for the mental health of the adult organism. Our aim was to examine the efficacy of using the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, paroxetine, to alleviate the symptoms of prenatal maternal stress in Fisher 344 rats. Pregnant rats were subjected ...
Rosendo A - - 2007
Correlated effects of selection for components of litter size on growth and backfat thickness were estimated using data from 3 pig lines derived from the same base population of Large White. Two lines were selected for 6 generations on either high ovulation rate at puberty (OR) or high prenatal survival ...
Graham Juanita - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of selected maternal chronic medical conditions, race, and age on preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), and infant mortality among Mississippi mothers from 1999 to 2003. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort analysis of linked birth and death certificates. SAMPLE: The 1999-2003 Mississippi birth cohort comprising ...
Correia Luciana Leonetti - - 2007
This study intended to present a systematic review to analyze the empirical studies published between 1998 and 2003 about maternal anxiety in the prenatal and postnatal periods, focusing on pre-term and term births. Nineteen studies were found; six of which evaluated maternal anxiety in the prenatal period, 12 studies evaluated ...
Shin Hyunjeong - - 2007
AIM: This paper is a report of an assessment of the validity and reliability of the Korean language version of the Maternal Attachment Inventory. BACKGROUND: Although the Maternal Attachment Inventory has been widely used to measure mother-infant attachment, no psychometric evaluation of the measure with a Korean population has been ...
Iida Satoko - - 2007
We tested whether maternal effects have led to the adaptive divergence of strains of the natural hybrid Potamogeton anguillanus, whose putative parents show contrastingly divergent ecologies. To examine the correlation between phenotypic characters and maternal types, we conducted drought experiments and DNA typing using nuclear and chloroplast genes. In the ...
Meaney Michael J - - 2007
Environmental effects on the materno-foetal interaction determine birth outcomes that predict health over the lifespan. Thus, maternal undernutrition or stress associate with low birth weight, leading to an increased risk of metabolic and cardiovascular illness in the offspring. We argue that these effects are, in part, mediated by direct and ...
Abdel-Hady El-Said - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the causes of maternal mortality in the Dakahlia Governorate in Egypt. METHODS: A confidential enquiry for each case of maternal mortality during the years 2004-2005 was carried out. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-nine maternal deaths were reported, giving a maternal mortality rate (MMR) of 71.3/100,000 live births. ...
Davis Elysia Poggi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence indicates that prenatal maternal and fetal processes can have a lasting influence on infant and child development. Results from animal models indicate that prenatal exposure to maternal stress and stress hormones has lasting consequences for development of the offspring. Few prospective studies of human pregnancy have examined ...
Pilgrim Melissa Ann - - 2007
When evaluating ontogenetic shifts in isotopic composition of consumer tissues within the context of a dietary analysis, the isotopic starting point of consumers in the population should not be ignored. Neonate isotopic composition may be different from that of juveniles and adults; in general, neonate tissues are built from maternal ...
Oyen Nina - - 2007
PURPOSE: We examined if children of mothers with epilepsy had normal intelligence, speculating that either epilepsy or its therapy might affect this parameter. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study in Norway, information on maternal epilepsy reported to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, 1967-1979 was linked to information on 18-19-year-old ...
Tovanabutra Sodsai - - 2007
Molecular characterization of C2-V5 envelope sequences from maternal plasma, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), cervical secretions and infant PBMC was performed in eight CRF01_AE-infected mother/infant pairs. Maternal viruses were relatively homogeneous within a compartment but distinct in different compartments in mothers with high CD4 cell counts. Infant viruses were almost ...
Austin Marie-Paule - - 2007
Maternal mortality associated with psychiatric illness in the perinatal period (pregnancy to the end of the first year postpartum) has until recently been under-reported in Australia due to limitations in the scope of the data collection and methods of detection. The recent United Kingdom report Why mothers die 2000-2002 identified ...
Igberase G O - - 2007
Almost two decades after the safe motherhood initiative, maternal mortality figures remain very high in Nigeria. Very few studies are available on the features of maternal mortality in rural Nigeria. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and causes of maternal mortality in a rural referral hospital ...
Sombie I - - 2007
We investigated the location of maternal deaths in the Souro Sanou University Hospital of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. In all, the deaths of 585 women of reproductive age (12-49 years) were reviewed, and 132 (22.6%) were found to be maternal. Of these132, 43 (33.6%) occurred outside of the maternity unit. Some ...
Kalaichandran Amitha - - 2007
PURPOSE: To conduct a baseline assessment study of maternal mortality in the province of Kep, Cambodia. METHODS: We evaluated maternal mortality in Kep using a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered to women who were deemed the best respondents, and it included a verbal autopsy portion. The best respondent answered ...
Singh Padam - - 2007
Estimation of maternal mortality has been difficult because of large sample size requirement. A study using snowball technique for identification of households where maternal death has taken place and its related causes was conducted. We present here the feasibility of carrying out the snowball technique for capturing maternal deaths as ...
Lee Tzu-Ying - - 2007
The influences of maternal characteristics, infant characteristics, and paternal support on maternal positive involvement and developmental stimulation were examined over time in 59 mothers and their medically fragile infants using an ecological framework. Higher maternal education was associated with greater maternal positive involvement. More maternal depressive symptoms, more infant technological ...
Donovan Wilberta - - 2007
This study examined the role of maternal cognitive sets regarding infant gender on maternal response; participants were 69 mothers, each with a 6-month-old infant. Signal detection methodology was used to assess maternal sensory sensitivity and response bias to subtle changes in positive and negative infant facial expressions as a function ...
Kotzot Dieter - - 2007
Growth retardation has been reported in most cases of maternal uniparental disomy (UPD) 7 and 14, but has never been evaluated in a systematic approach. In this study, an analysis is presented of the auxological data from the literature at birth and on the occasion of the last evaluation of ...
Ravenscroft Eleanor F - - 2007
PURPOSE: Because results of previous studies were inconclusive, our purpose was to examine the relationship between maternal education and infant neuromotor development in infants who are healthy and born at term. METHOD: Secondary analysis of normative data derived through administration of the Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (HINT) to 412 Canadian ...
Barr Peter - - 2008
The study was an empirical examination of the relation of personality proneness to "problematic social emotions"--envy (Dispositional Envy Scale), jealousy (Interpersonal Jealousy Scale), and shame and guilt (Personal Feelings Questionnaire-2)--to maternal grief (Perinatal Grief Scale-33) following miscarriage, stillbirth, neonatal death, or infant/child death. The 441 women who participated in the ...
Apantaku O - - 2007
Maternal intra-partum fever commonly complicates the process of labour. Its occurrence is often regarded as being synonymous with the presence of chorioamnionitis. This inevitably results in the administration of antibiotics to the affected mother. Review of the literature however suggests that this approach is not always appropriate. Non-infective causes of ...
Poindron Pascal - - 2007
Sheep and goats rapidly establish an exclusive relationship with their neonate following contact with it during a sensitive period of maternal responsiveness induced by the physiological events occurring at parturition. The data concerning the sensory, physiological, and neurobiological factors involved in the activation of both maternal responsiveness and the establishment ...
van Dillen Jeroen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate how maternal mortality audit identifies different causes of and contributing factors to maternal deaths in different settings in low- and high-income countries and how this can lead to local solutions in reducing maternal deaths. DESIGN: Descriptive study of maternal mortality from different settings and review of data ...
Jordan Claire - - 2007
From April 2007 onwards, maternity leave will be raised to nine months Paid maternity leave is associated with significant health benefits for babies, including reduced infant mortality The Government proposes to increase paid maternity leave to one year and introduce additional paternity leave by around 2009 The U.K's provision for ...
Lawoyin Taiwo O - - 2007
Innovative and effective options toward reducing maternal mortality rates in African nations must include the active participation of all stakeholders. This study was carried out to assess men's level of knowledge and attitude to preventing maternal deaths. In a cross-sectional, community-based survey complemented with exploratory in-depth interviews, data were collected ...
Romagosa Cleofé - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of malaria on maternal death through the analysis of the seasonal variations of crude and malaria-specific maternal mortality rates. METHODS: All maternal deaths and live births occurring at Maputo Central Hospital, located in an urban area, between January 2001 and December 2003, were retrospectively recorded. ...
Gessessew Amanuel - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The maternal mortality ratio in developing countries is still very high. The causes of maternal mortality varies in different parts of the world. Knowledge of the incidence of maternal complication and associated maternal mortality is vital in designing preventive strategies. There are only few reports about their issue in ...
Gagliano Monica - - 2007
1. Environmentally induced maternal effects are known to affect offspring phenotype, and as a result, the dynamics and evolution of populations across a wide range of taxa. 2. In a field experiment, we manipulated maternal condition by altering food availability, a key factor influencing maternal energy allocation to offspring. We ...
Watson-Jones Deborah D Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, - - 2007
To determine risk factors for poor birth outcome and their population attributable fractions. 1688 women who attended for antenatal care were recruited into a prospective study of the effectiveness of syphilis screening and treatment. All women were screened and treated for syphilis and other reproductive tract infections (RTIs) during pregnancy ...
Ognibene Elisa - - 2007
Studies on heterozygous (HZ) reeler mice suggest a relationship between reelin (a protein of extra cellular matrix) haploinsufficiency and the presence of altered neural networks and behaviour. Neonatal adverse and/or stimulating experiences might interfere with the emergence of this genetic-dependent phenotype. Repeated episodes of maternal separation early in ontogeny result ...
Numan Michael - - 2006
A theoretical neural model is developed, along with supportive evidence, to explain how the medial preoptic area (MPOA) of the hypothalamus can regulate maternal responsiveness toward infant-related stimuli. It is proposed that efferents from a hormone-primed MPOA (a) depress a central aversion system (composed of neural circuits between the amygdala, ...
Van Ijzendoorn Marinus H - - 2006
Previous studies have related attachment disorganization in children to either dopamine D4 receptor polymorphisms or maternal unresolved loss or trauma and frightening or anomalous parenting. In this study it was examined whether the interaction between genetic (DRD4 7-repeat and -521 C/T) and environmental risk factors (maternal unresolved loss/trauma and maternal ...
Haynes J - - 2007
Massive obstetric haemorrhage is a life-threatening emergency that remains a major cause of maternal mortality. Conventional management is aimed at optimising uterine tone, replacing circulating volume and blood products, and surgery to achieve haemostasis. Recently there have been numerous reports of the (unlicensed) use of recombinant activated factor VII in ...
Gogberashvili K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to investigate the acute respiratory disease incidence (DI) in deprived infants and test the hypothesis if maternal deprivation effects the processes of immunoregulation in infants. METHODS: The prospective study during 1 year in Tbilisi Infant's House was performed. Cohort of 136 infants at age from ...
Gil-González Diana - - 2006
Issues related to maternal mortality have generated a lot of empirical and theoretical information. However, despite the amount of work published on the topic, maternal mortality continues to occur at high rates and solutions to the problem are still not clear. Scientific research on maternal mortality is focused mainly on ...
Leiss Jack K - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have used maternally linked birth records to investigate perinatal outcomes, maternal behaviors, and the quality of vital records birth data. Little attention has been given to assessing errors in the linkages and to understanding how such errors affect estimates derived from the linked data. The author developed ...
Wang Ying - - 2006
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-related hypertensive disease resulting in substantial maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Until today there is no satisfactory treatment to stop disease progression except immediate delivery of the fetus. Heparin-mediated extracorporeal low density lipoprotein (LDL) precipitation (H.E.L.P.) apheresis removes simultaneously circulating LDL, lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], fibrinogen, C-reactive protein ...
Gonidakis F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although maternity blues have been studied in many countries worldwide the factors that influence the occurrence of this clinical entity are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence, time course and symptomatology of maternity blues in a Greek urban environment as well as ...
Liu Jianping - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intraplacental choriocarcinoma is rare, and usually results in maternal metastasis at the time of diagnosis. Intraplacental choriocarcinoma involves both mother and infant is extremely rare. There was only one case report of intraplacental choriocarcinoma with confirmed metastases involving both the mother and the infant. CASE: We describe a second ...
Previc Fred H - - 2007
The incidence of autism has risen 10-fold since the early 1980s, with most of this rise not explainable by changing diagnostic criteria. The rise in autism is paradoxical in that autism is considered to be one of the most genetically determined of the major neurodevelopmental disorders and should accordingly either ...
Pizur-Barnekow Kris - - 2006
Maternal childbearing attitudes and self-definition as related to maternal perceptions of infant temperament were investigated in a pilot study. Maternal attitudes, self-definition, and perceptions of infant temperament were determined through mothers' self-report. Results indicated that maternal attitudes-including self-confidence and feelings toward infants and children-were positively related to maternal perceptions of ...
Galler Janina R - - 2006
Bed-sharing among Barbadian mothers and infants was studied in relationship to maternal and infant characteristics. This prospective study followed 226 healthy, well-nourished mother-infant dyads at birth, 7 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months postpartum. At each age, approximately half of the infants shared the same beds as their mothers. Bed-sharing ...
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