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Results 51 - 100 of 565
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Frith Amy L - - 2009
Good maternal-infant interaction is essential for optimal infant growth, health, and development. Although micronutrient malnutrition has been associated with poorer interaction, the effects of maternal micronutrient supplementation on interaction are unknown. We examined differences in maternal-infant feeding interaction between 3 maternal pre- and postpartum micronutrient supplementation groups that differed in ...
Cesarini David - - 2009
Recent years have witnessed the emergence of a literature examining the effects of giving birth to sons on postmenopausal longevity in pre-industrial mothers. The original paper in this lineage used a sample (n=375) of Sami mothers from northern Finland and found that, relative to daughters, giving birth to sons substantially ...
Zhu L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Shanghai residents has been declining in the past two decades and has reached levels comparable to developed countries. The MMR in migrating population in Shanghai remains high, however. The objectives of this study were to compare the trends of MMR between residents and migrating ...
Slyker Jennifer A JA MRC Human Immunology Unit, Oxford University, Oxford, UK. - - 2009
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an important pathogen in healthy neonates and individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1). The objective of this study was to determine whether the detection of CMV DNA (CMV DNAemia) in maternal plasma was associated with mortality in HIV-1-infected women or their infants. A longitudinal study was designed ...
Rambousková Jolana - - 2009
To compare maternal health behaviors, maternal nutritional status, and infant size at birth of Romas and non-Romas in the Czech Republic. Maternal interviews and food frequency questionnaire, maternal blood samples, physical measurements of mothers and infants. Hospital, maternal/child care center; 2-4 days postpartum. 76 Roma mothers and 151 mothers from ...
Mairiga A G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To analyse and document our experiences with maternal mortality with the view of finding the trends over the last seven years, common causes and attributing socio-demographic factors. DESIGN: A prospective analysis of maternal mortality. SETTING: State Specialists Hospital Bauchi, Bauchi Northeastern Nigeria. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: These include maternal mortality ...
Carlson Susan E SE Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA. - - 2009
The goal of the Experimental Biology symposium on maternal supplementation was to review all available lines of evidence, delineate unanswered questions, and develop, if it seemed reasonable, a research agenda to determine whether maternal supplementation with specific nutrients might be beneficial. In the case of maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) status, ...
Qin Cheng - - 2010
The study examines the relationship between maternal nativity, maternal risks and birth outcomes in six Asian sub-populations. U.S.- versus foreign-born immigrants of Chinese (67,222), Japanese (18,275) and Filipino (87,1208), Vietnamese (45,229), Cambodian/Laotian (21,237), and Korean (23,430) singleton live births were assessed for maternal risks and birth outcomes. U.S.-born Chinese and ...
Allen Emily Graves EG Department of Human Genetics, Emory University, 2165 North Decatur Rd, Decatur, Atlanta, GA 30030, USA. - - 2009
We examined the association between maternal age and chromosome 21 nondisjunction by origin of the meiotic error. We analyzed data from two population-based, case-control studies: Atlanta Down Syndrome Project (1989-1999) and National Down Syndrome Project (2001-2004). Cases were live born infants with trisomy 21 and controls were infants without trisomy ...
Abe Eghe - - 2008
Maternal mortality remains a major challenge in Nigeria. This retrospective study was conceptualized to document the number and pattern of obstetric deaths at the Central Hospital, Benin City, over a ten year period, to identify common causes of maternal deaths and proffer relevant interventions. The overall maternal mortality ratio (MMR) ...
Mairiga Abdulkarim G - - 2008
This study was conducted to find out community's knowledge and perceived implications of maternal mortality and morbidity. The community members' perception on ways to prevent the scourge was also explored. It was a population-based qualitative study which took place in two urban and two rural communities in Borno state, Nigeria. ...
Savvidou M D - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether maternal serum concentrations of placental growth factor (PlGF) and soluble endoglin (sEng) are altered in women who subsequently develop pre-eclampsia (PE) or have small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, and whether these changes are associated with maternal endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: Maternal serum PlGF and sEng were measured in two ...
Anderson Laura N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between postpartum maternal depressive symptoms or maternal anxiety and health services utilization (HSU) for infants. DESIGN: Telephone survey. SETTING: London-Middlesex region of Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Mothers of infants 2 to 12 months of age between 2004 and 2005 (N = 655). This sample was drawn from ...
Jean Amélie D L - - 2009
The functions of maternal touch were investigated during a still-face (SF) procedure between 40 mothers and their 5(1/2)-month-old infants. Mothers used more nurturing touch when their infants exhibited distress during the SF period. In addition, the quality of maternal regulatory behavior provided in the interval between the SF and Reunion ...
Mas-Rivera Adaris - - 2008
Female primates endure great costs during pregnancy and lactation. Some studies have been conducted on exploring these; however, information on how maternal condition before conception influences maternal postpartum recuperation and infant development are not well known, especially in primipares. This 2-year investigation explored how maternal condition, maternal foraging time and ...
Koo Winston W K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Factors that affect quantitative ultrasound (QUS) bone measurements have not been clearly defined for all clinical populations. OBJECTIVE: To determine some technical and clinical aspects that may affect QUS bone measurement in the neonate-maternal dyad. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Speed of sound (SOS) was measured at the radius and tibia ...
Shin Hyunjeong - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this paper is to report a concept analysis of maternal sensitivity. BACKGROUND: Maternal sensitivity is a broad concept encompassing a variety of interrelated affective and behavioural caregiving attributes. It is used interchangeably with the terms maternal responsiveness or maternal competency, with no consistency of use. There ...
Chen Y H - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mortality in Singapore, as in other developed countries, has remained low in the past decade. In the United Kingdom and Australia, maternal deaths from suicide and psychiatric causes have been the leading cause of maternal mortality, and there have therefore been comprehensive healthcare programmes to address the mental ...
Propper Cathi - - 2008
This study investigated dopamine receptor genes (DRD2 and DRD4) and maternal sensitivity as predictors of infant respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and RSA reactivity, purported indices of vagal tone and vagal regulation, in a challenge task at 3, 6, and 12 months in 173 infant-mother dyads. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) revealed ...
Heinemann Jennifer - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to review systematically randomized controlled trials that were associated with cervical ripening. We identified randomized controlled trials that compared the use of Foley catheter, with or without extraamniotic saline solution infusion, Laminaria, or hygroscopic dilators for cervical ripening or induction with pharmacologic agents or ...
Thompson Daniel R - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between pre-pregnancy maternal obesity and risk of infant death. In March 2004, maternal height and pre-pregnancy weight were added to the data collected on the Florida birth certificate. Using birth records linked to infant deaths, these data were used to ...
Laranjo Jessica - - 2008
In the last 20 years, three meta-analyses suggested that the relation between maternal sensitivity and infant attachment security was lesser in magnitude than originally believed. This led to a search for other parental behaviors likely to contribute to the development of attachment security. Based on previous theoretical propositions and empirical ...
Jafarey Sadiqua - - 2008
The maternal mortality ratio in Pakistan remains high at between 350 and 500 per 100,000 live births, while the neonatal mortality ratio is 50 per 1000 live births. This paper examines the trends in maternal and neonatal mortality in Pakistan and looks at why slow progress has been made in ...
Brennan Patricia A PA Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2008
The current study examines the relationship between maternal depression and infant cortisol concentrations. The potential roles of comorbid maternal anxiety disorders, timing of maternal depression, and maternal treatment with psychotropic medications during pregnancy are addressed. Women with 6-month-old infants (105 boys and 84 girls) participated in a laboratory paradigm that ...
Onoh, RC; ;
Maternal health indices are poor in Nigeria. Regular audit of maternal deaths is vital to planning and maternal care delivery. The aim of the study was to evaluate and determine the trend of maternal mortality ratio in a Federal Medical Centre and analyze associated factors. A retrospective review of available ...
Sandhu A K - - 2008
The aim of this report was to establish the national maternal mortality rate in Bahrain over the period 1987-2004, to identify preventable factors in maternal deaths and to make recommendations for safe motherhood. There were 60 maternal deaths out of 243 232 deliveries giving an average maternal mortality rate of ...
Kildea Sue - - 2008
Australia is one of the safest countries in the world to birth. Because maternal deaths are rare, often the focus during pregnancy is on the well-being of the fetus. The relative safety of birth has fostered a shift in the focus of maternal health, from survival, to the model of ...
Graham Wendy J - - 2008
The need to monitor progress in reducing maternal mortality has a long history, which can be traced back to the 1700s in some parts of the Western world. Today, however, this need is felt most acutely in developing countries, where the priority is to stimulate, evaluate and sustain action to ...
DiPietro Janet A JA Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe St., E4531, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2008
Temperament theory has long considered individual differences in reactivity and regulation to be present at birth. Recent evidence suggests that such differences may be present prenatally and moderated by maternal emotionality. To determine whether induced maternal emotional activation generates a fetal response and whether observed fetal responsivity is associated with ...
Oberlander Tim F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In animal models, variations in early maternal care are associated with differences in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(HPA) stress response in the offspring, mediated via changes in the epigenetic regulation of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene (Nr3c1) expression. OBJECTIVE: To study this in humans, relationships between prenatal exposure to maternal mood and the methylation ...
Wali Ashutosh - - 2008
Maternal deaths in developed countries continue to decline and are rare. Maternal mortality statistics are essentially similar in the United States and United Kingdom. However, the situation is completely different in developing countries, where maternal mortality exceeds 0.5 million every year. This article not only assesses morbidity risks in some ...
Lartey Anna - - 2008
Women of child-bearing age (especially pregnant and lactating women), infants and young children are in the most nutritionally-vulnerable stages of the life cycle. Maternal malnutrition is a major predisposing factor for morbidity and mortality among African women. The causes include inadequate food intake, poor nutritional quality of diets, frequent infections ...
Barnett Sarah - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In places with poor vital registration, measurement of maternal mortality and monitoring the impact of interventions on maternal mortality is difficult and seldom undertaken. Mortality ratios are often estimated and policy decisions made without robust evidence. This paper presents a prospective key informant system to measure maternal mortality and ...
Kita Naoko - - 2008
Despite its clinical importance, the mechanism of preeclampsia is unclear; however, many believe placental pathology might be related to maternal systemic disease. If this is true, a factor which mediates information from the placenta to the maternal circulation can be hypothesized. Among a variety of such reported factors, soluble fms-like ...
Dodd Jodie M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To assess the benefits and harm of dietary and lifestyle interventions during pregnancy to improve maternal and infant outcomes for pregnant women who are overweight or obese. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials comparing any form of dietary or lifestyle intervention during pregnancy for women who are overweight or obese with ...
Taubman-Ben-Ari Orit - - 2008
Two studies explored the interplay between death awareness, attachment style, and maternal separation anxiety among first-time mothers of infants aged 3-12 months. In Study 1 (N = 60), a higher accessibility of death-related thoughts was found following induction of thoughts about separation from the infant. In Study 2 (N = ...
Sousa Maria H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To identify all the records within the Brazilian Hospital Information System (HIS) that contained information suggestive of severe maternal morbidity (near miss); to describe the diagnoses and procedures used; to identify variables associated with maternal death. METHODS: A descriptive population study with data from the HIS and Mortality Information ...
Gaskin Ina May - - 2008
The United States has a higher ratio of maternal deaths than at least 40 other countries, even though it spends more money per capita for maternity care than any other. The lack of a comprehensive, confidential system of ascertainment of maternal death designed to record and analyze every maternal death ...
Kongnyuy Eugene J - - 2008
Maternal death reviews is a tool widely recommended to improve the quality of obstetric care and reduce maternal mortality. Our aim was to explore the challenges encountered in the process of facility-based maternal death review in Malawi, and to suggest sustainable and logically sound solutions to these challenges. SWOT (strengths, ...
Qin X - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Little information is available on the associations of combined maternal-infant genetic susceptibility, environmental exposures and reproductive outcomes, especially in the Chinese population. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the polymorphisms of combined maternal-infant metabolic genes, CYP1A1 HincII, CYP1A1 MspI, GSTT1 and GSTM1 affect the association of ...
Efetie E R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome ofwomen admitted with eclampsia in the National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A retrospective analysis. The medical records register in the accident and emergency department, labour ward, maternity ward and the intensive care unit were searched to identify cases of eclampsia admitted at the National ...
Levy Ronaldo - - 2007
We report on a woman who gave birth consecutively to an infant with limb body wall complex (LBWC) and then to an infant with amniotic band sequence (ABS). This paper reviews the different etiological hypotheses and the classification problems for the amniotic band diseases. No maternal factors were found, but ...
Bennett James T - - 2007
In fish and amphibians, the dorsal axis is specified by the asymmetric localization of maternally provided components of the Wnt signalling pathway. Gore et al. suggest that the Nodal signal Squint (Sqt) is required as a maternally provided dorsal determinant in zebrafish. Here we test their proposal and show that ...
Alves Sandra Valongueiro - - 2007
This study examines changes in levels and patterns of maternal mortality in Pernambuco, Brazil, in 1994 and 2003. The research was carried out in five sub-regions of Pernambuco using the Reproductive Age Mortality Survey (RAMOS) method and based on death certificates of women of reproductive age registered in the local ...
Elebro Karin - - 2007
Western countries have reported an increased risk of maternal mortality among African immigrants. This study aimed to identify cases of maternal mortality among immigrants from the Horn of Africa living in Sweden using snowball sampling, and verify whether they had been classified as maternal deaths in the Cause of Death ...
Mussi-Pinhata Marisa M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess hepatic enzyme (HE) and hematologic abnormalities among human immunodeficiency virus-1-uninfected infants according to maternal antiretroviral regimen during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective cohort, HE and hematologic values of human immunodeficiency virus-1-uninfected, term infants with hospital discharge (HD) within 6 days after birth were evaluated. Maternal antiretroviral ...
Mills Samuel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In the absence of an adequate vital registration system in Ghana, the Navrongo demographic surveillance system (NDSS) established in 1993 presents a viable alternative to monitor, in a poor rural district, the UN Millennium Development Goal on maternal health (MDG) of reducing maternal mortality by 75% between 1990 and ...
Hill Kenneth - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality, as a largely avoidable cause of death, is an important focus of international development efforts, and a target for Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5. However, data weaknesses have made monitoring progress problematic. In 2006, a new maternal mortality working group was established to develop improved estimation methods ...
Chowdhury Mahbub Elahi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Research on the effectiveness of strategies to reduce maternal mortality is scarce. We aimed to assess the contribution of intervention strategies, such as skilled attendance at birth, to the recorded reduction in maternal mortality in Matlab, Bangladesh. We examined and compared trends in maternal mortality in two adjacent areas ...
Moncharmont P P French Blood Establishment, Rhône-Alpes Lyon Department, Lyon, France. - - 2007
The HPA-15 platelet (PLT) group was recently described. Severe neonatal thrombocytopenia due to alloimmunization by HPA-15b has very rarely been observed. A 22-year-old mother, gravida 1/para 1, gave birth to a male infant who presented with a severe thrombocytopenia, the PLT count recorded to be 3 x10(9)/L. A few hours ...
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