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Results 501 - 550 of 564
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Neil V S - - 1984
Eighty-seven pairs of samples of maternal serum and amniotic fluid were analysed for anti-D levels at varying stages of gestation. There was a marked positive correlation between the maternal serum level and that in the amniotic fluid. The ratio of maternal serum anti-D to liquor anti-D was calculated for 61 ...
O'Shea J D - - 1984
Involution and regeneration of the endometrium after parturition in the ewe, were studied by light- and electron microscopy. The luminal epithelium in intercaruncular regions of the endometrium remained intact at all stages, but degeneration and death of many glandular epithelial cells were observed on the day after parturition. Glandular regeneration ...
deVries M W - - 1984
In this study, 178 infants from three East African societies differing on a number of environmental dimensions were examined to determine if aspects of their developmental environment influenced temperament characteristics. Data strongly suggest that cultural child-rearing patterns, degree of modernization, maternal orientation, ecological setting, and specific early life events contribute ...
Casey M L - - 1984
DOC and DOC-SO4, which are present in large amounts in the blood of pregnant women, are derived from sources other than maternal adrenal. Other investigators demonstrated that treatment of near-term pregnant women with ACTH or dexamethasone did not cause alterations in the blood levels of DOC. To define the source(s) ...
Wetli C V - - 1983
A case of maternal death due to Listeria monocytogenes bacteremia, with survival of the prematurely delivered infant, is presented. Lymphopenia and a Haitian origin suggest that the fatal outcome was related to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). To our knowledge, this is the first recorded instance of a maternal death ...
Cruikshank D P - - 1983
Maternal, fetal, and neonatal results and complications were analyzed after 923 genetic amniocenteses. Maternal age of 35 years and beyond was associated with a 2.0% risk of fetal trisomy 21 and a 3.0% risk of all major chromosome abnormalities. Comparable rates for women aged 40 and beyond were 4.8% and ...
Green K W - - 1983
The effects of parenterally administered magnesium sulfate on maternal and neonatal calcium and magnesium metabolism in nonasphyxiated, term pregnancies complicated by pregnancy-induced hypertension were studied prospectively. In addition, the neurobehavioral effects of neonatal hypermagnesemia were investigated by means of a neonatal assessment scale that specifically measures reflex activity and both ...
Buckfield P M - - 1983
Using a population of approximately 9,000 singleton deliveries collected over a 10-year period from a defined geographical area, the effect of maternal height on birthweight, length and head circumference was examined. Each 5 cm increase in maternal height accounted for an increase of 85g, 4.1 mm, and 1.5 mm respectively ...
Heaton F C - - 1982
Intrauterine supraventricular tachycardia is an uncommon cardiac arrhythmia that presents difficult problems in diagnosis and management, especially in the very preterm infant. Serial ultrasound examinations were used to follow the course of fetal ascites and the maternal administration of digoxin to induce cardioversion. Higher maternal doses of digoxin than administered ...
Dimmock C K - - 1982
A haemorrhagic diathesis due to isoimmune thrombocytopenia occurred in the fourth litter of a Landrace sow. Maternal antibodies, absorbed by piglets from the colostrum, were incompatible with platelet antigens inherited from the sire. The severity of haemorrhage varied between piglets although all were thrombocytopenic. Two deaths occurred, one at 24 ...
Stuart M J - - 1982
In a case-control study, we evaluated the effects of maternal ingestion of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) within 10 days of delivery on maternal and neonatal hemostasis. Only one of 34 control maternal-neonatal pairs (3 per cent) had hemostatic abnormalities. In 10 pairs, when maternal aspirin ingestion occurred within five days of ...
Rushton D I - - 1982
Careful study of reports prepared for the Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths in England and Wales has made it clear that many maternal autopsy reports are not as informative as they might be. This is, in part at least, because no pathologist who does not work in a maternity unit ...
Breheny F - - 1982
A retrospective study of the causes of maternal mortality over the past 20 years in the National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, was undertaken. Anaesthesia contributed to 4.4% of all maternal deaths and to 5.7% of 'true' maternal deaths. In the last 10 years studied it did not contribute to maternal mortality. ...
Cohen D A - - 1982
A masculinized female infant was born to a mother who had virilizing signs dating from the fourth month of pregnancy. Serum 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, and testosterone levels were all normal in the infant. Maternal testosterone level was markedly elevated one week post partum. Dexamethasone phosphate suppression was normal. Human chorionic ...
Rooth G - - 1982
A review is given covering four different series of studies revealing maternal hypoxaemia during labour, in spite of normal maternal heart and lung function. The previous Swedish use of 100% nitrous oxide inhalation during contractions lead to serious maternal hypoxaemia. The use of pethidine in combination with hyperventilation during the ...
Strauss A A - - 1981
Two cases concerning newborn infants whose mothers used phencyclidine (PCP) during pregnancy are described. The neonatal symptoms of maternal PCP abuse were jitteriness, hypertonicity, vomiting, and one case of diarrhea. In both infants, PCP was detected in the urine during the first few days of life. Both infants were successfully ...
Strauss R G - - 1981
We investigated concanavalin A capping that occurred either spontaneously (neutrophils incubated only with buffer) or was drug induced (neutrophils with colchicine or diamide) using neutrophils obtained from the blood of newborn infants and their mothers. A greater proportion of infant and maternal neutrophils than controls formed caps spontaneously (P less ...
Parker G - - 1981
While maternal overprotection appears associated with several neurotic and psychotic disorders, little is known about determinants of such a parental characteristic. Several hypotheses have been tested in a large nonclinical sample. Maternal and cultural factors seemed of greater relevance than characteristics in the child. Overprotective mothers gave evidence of marked ...
Alpert J J - - 1981
This paper describes the methods of the Maternal Health and Child Development of Project at the Boston City Hospital which explored the impact of maternal drinking prior to and during pregnancy on fetal development. Between February 1977 and October 1979, of 3222 women who delivered single infants, 1690 were interviewed ...
Mercer R T - - 1981
This study is exploring the nature of the relationships between key maternal and infant variables and maternal role attainment in a sample of 255 women who are experiencing motherhood for the first time. Data are being collected by instruments and semistructured interviews at 5 periods: early postpartum and at 1, ...
Adams J L - - 1980
Mother-infant dyads (N = 27) were seen as part of a longitudinal study of lower-socioeconomic-status infants at high but varying risk for mild mental retardation. A 20-min unstructured interaction session was videotaped in a laboratory setting when the infants were 6 months old. Transcriptions were made of mothers' speech to ...
Belsky J - - 1980
Research on maternal influence on infant development is criticized on the basis of its limited ability to make strong causal claims. 2 observational studies are then presented; 1 details, cross-sectionally, developmental changes in strategies of maternal stimulation and infant exploration and the interrelationship of these domains of parent and child ...
Hartfield V J - - 1980
In a Nigerian village, the expected maternal mortality would be between 6 and 12 per 1000 live births, the most common causes of maternal death being obstructed labor, hemorrhage and eclampsia. Yet, over an 8 1/2-year period, when 2324 births occurred, the rate was 1.72 per 1000, of which 0.43 ...
Neldam S - - 1980
The value of maternal monitoring of fetal movements (FM) was assessed in 2250 pregnant women. Half of the women were taught to count FM methodically and contact the hospital if they felt less than 3 FM per hour. The controls were not given any specific instructions about counting FM. There ...
Hudes J - - 1980
A study of recent birth patterns in the Southern California Region of the Kaiser-Permanente Medical Care Program (KPMCP) suggests that individuals may have been attracted to the Program by a liberal maternity benefit. The attraction is reflected in both the type of members joining KPMCP and the birth rate of ...
Mills E L - - 1979
Neonatal susceptibility to overwhelming bacterial infection is commonly attributed to a relative deficiency in serum opsonic activity. However, few studies have compared the functional capacity of the classical complement pathway with that of the alternative complement pathway in the neonate. The opsonic activity of nine maternal infant serum pairs were ...
Wysowski D K - - 1979
Nationwide surveillance of Rh hemolytic disease of the newborn showed that associated infant mortality decreased from 941 deaths in 1968 to 269 deaths in 1975, or from 2.7 to 0.9 per 10,000 live births. The incidence of Rh hemolytic disease declined from 45 per 10,000 total births in 1970 to ...
Hofmeister F J - - 1978
The origin, background, and mechanism of operation of the Maternal Mortality Study Committee in Wisconsin is outlined. Its value as a teaching vehicle is emphasized. Trends in maternal mortality in Wisconsin and the continued decline are presented, with 45 per 100,000 live births in 1953 to 9.2 per 100,000 live ...
Cerone P - - 1978
The asymptotic birth rate for a one-sex population in which the net maternity function changes to one of bare replacement was first discussed by Keyfitz and has since been studied by several authors. The present generalization allows for a time dependent transition from any net maternity function to another and, ...
Morley G - - 1978
It has been demonstrated that a lower level of maternal anti-D is required to produce the same symptoms of haemolytic disease of the newborn in R2r infants than in R1r infants. This difference could be explained by postulating that the higher site density of R2r cells is associated with an ...
Ogden T H - - 1979
This paper attempts to understand in early developmental terms one of a group of patients who demonstrate a powerful identification with a conflicted aspect of their mother. In addition to the strong identification with the maternal pathology, the group is characterized by a history of maternal impingements (Winnicott) through which ...
Ornston D - - 1979
A discussion of "A Developmental View of Identification Resulting from Maternal Impingement" by Thomas H. Ogden, M.D. Dr. Ogden has tried to integrate two very different Kleinian formulations about (1) early infant development and (2) adult mental relationships (both called projective identification) with Winnicott's ideas about the ways in which ...
Ziskin L Z - - 1979
This study explains and verifies an apparent increase in the New Jersey resident maternal mortality rate from 1.7 per 10,000 live births by the state's traditional method to 3.1 per 10,000 live births by a new method of surveillance instituted in late 1974. In 1975, the maternal mortality rate by ...
Schaffner W - - 1977
An analysis was performed of direct maternal mortality over 22 years (1950 through 1971) in the state of Michigan. The overall direct maternal mortality rate fell from 5.0/10,000 live births in 1950 to 1.5 in 1971. The rate among nonwhites was more than four times greater than among whites and ...
Grimes D A - - 1977
State maternal mortality study committees have been widely credited with playing a prominent role in reducing maternal death rates in the United States. To evaluate this hypothesis, we compared the rates of decline in maternal mortality ratios by decades from 1938-40 to 1968-70 for states with such committees to those ...
Berry L G - - 1977
Comparisons of crude and standardized rates of maternal mortality show that changes in age and parity distributions of births had some influence on maternal mortality trends for the years 1919-1969 in the United States. Changes in the age and parity distributions of births for cohorts of U.S. women also influenced ...
Currie W B - - 1977
Relationships between foetal corticosteroid concentrations, utero-ovarian prostaglandin F (PGF) and maternal peripheral progesterone have been examined in detail in goats shortly before spontaneous parturition at term. Foetal corticosteroids increased during the last 13-11 days of gestation and particularly sharply during the last 3 days and even during advanced labour. About ...
Barford D A - - 1977
From January 1973 to December 1975, 26 018 women were delivered at Edendale Hospital. During the same period, 4 478 patients aborted there. Maternal deaths during this period numbered 118, a mortality of 4,5/1 000 total births. Avoidable factors influencing the mortality may have been present in 28 (2387%).
Jacobs P A - - 1977
A mathematical theory is derived for the distribution of heteromorphisms in trisomics and polyploids. Applied to the sparse literature, it appears that most trisomy 21 is due to first division maternal nondisjunction, although there are case reports of second division nondisjunction, both paternal and maternal. Most triploids appear to be ...
Coppes J B - - 1976
An evaluation of maternal mortality statistics in California from 1967-1971 has been performed. There has been a fall in the maternal mortality rate following the institution of a therapeutic abortion act. However, analysis of the data reveals that there was an increase in the deaths due to hemorrhage and sepsis. ...
Rosen T S - - 1976
The relationship between a maternal dose of methadone and the incidence and severity of neonatal signs of withdrawal, placental transfer of drug, and the relationship between maternal and neonatal plasma levels of methadone were studied in 30 mothers and their infants. Plasma levels of methadone were analyzed using a gas ...
Ostrea E M - - 1976
A prospective study of 196 drug-addicted mothers and their infants was conducted to determine the maternal, fetal, or environmental factors that may affect the severity of narcotic withdrawal in the infants. The severity of neonatal withdrawal did not correlate with the infant's gestational age, sex, race, or Apgar score, not ...
Oyegunle A O - - 1976
There were sixteen maternal deaths following 1,450 Caesarian sections at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital in an eight year period 1966 to 1974, a maternal mortality rate of 1.1%. The chief causes of maternal deaths in this environment are pre-eclamptic toxaemia, eclampsia and haemorrhage. Most of the obstetric deaths following ...
Murthy L S - - 1976
Placentas, mothers, and neonates belonging to different socioeconomic groups were examined for morphometric and gross morphologic changes to assess the effect of maternal undernutrition. The mean maternal caloric intakes for socioeconomic Groups I, II, and IIII + IV are 2,919, 2420, and 1,589 calories per day, respectively, and differences were ...
Klopfer P H - - 1976
Lemur fulvus, L. catta, and L. variegatus differ markedly in the details of mother-infant relations. Do these differences account for those seen in adult life? We hope to determine this through interspecific cross-fostering. Here we describe the normal pattern of rearing of 5 infants among two groups of 2 and ...
Macmillian D R - - 1976
Concentrations of chorionic somatomammotrophin (hCS) in maternal plasma at the time of delivery and in placental extracts were determined by radioimmunoassay and related to neonatal growth in 111 normal pregnancies. Mean maternal plasma hCS concentration was lower in association with small-for-dates infants, defined by either height or weight, than with ...
Rao K B - - 1975
During the 13 years 1960-1972, in a teaching hospital that serves a predominantly rural and semiurban population in southern India, there were 74,384 deliveries and 1245 maternal deaths, a maternal mortality rate of 16.7 per 1000 births. Direct obstetric factors caused 854 (65.5%) of these deaths. The leading indirect or ...
Murray A D - - 1975
Studies of the effects of variations in infant care are reviewed in relation to maternal employment. The research suggests that maternal employment may be a contributory factor in hindering the development of an optimal caretaker-infant relationship. Suggestions for further research, particularly in areas related to the formulation of social policy, ...
Gottlieb G - - 1975
Mute ducklings, devocalized as embryos and maintained in auditory isolation, manifest a selective high-frequency perceptual deficit vis-à-vis the maternal call of their species at 24 hr after hatching. Since it takes a rather specific auditory experiential input to rectify this high-frequency insensitivity at 24 hr, it was predicted that, in ...
Olu Oduntan S - - 1975
Data on maternal deaths were collected from a randomly selected sample of medical institutions in the Western State of Nigeria for the years 1972 and 1973. An overall maternal mortality rate of 3.8/1000 total births were recorded for 1972 and 1973 respectively. The major causes of maternal mortality were haemorrhage, ...
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