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Results 451 - 500 of 565
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Llongueras S de S Sde - - 1988
Maternal mortality in the ten regions of Greece during the period 1973-82 is examined. In Greece as a whole, maternal mortality declined from 27.2 per 100,000 livebirths in 1973, to 12.0 in 1982. During these ten years, the age standardized maternal mortality ratios (SMRs) of two regions was significantly raised, ...
Arriaza B - - 1988
A study of female mummies representing seven pre-Columbian Andean populations of Arica, Chile, dating from 1300 B.C. (Azapa phase) to A.D. 1400 (Gentilar phase), disclosed that 18 (14% of the total) had died from childbirth-complicated death (CCD). The majority of these individuals appear to have died during puerperium, three of ...
Parazzini F - - 1988
Between 1955 and 1984 Italian maternal mortality steadily declined by about 90% (from 133.3 per 100,000 live-births in 1955 to 11.4 in 1984). Maternal mortality rose with age and was about tenfold higher in the highest risk group (greater than or equal to 40 years old) compared with the lowest ...
Esrey S A - - 1988
The effect of toilets, piped water, and maternal literacy on infant mortality was analyzed using data from the Malaysian Family Life Survey collected in 1976-1977. The effect of toilets and piped water on infant mortality was dependent on whether or not mothers were literate. The impact of having toilets was ...
el-Shafei A M - - 1988
The maternal mortality in Bahrain during the 10-year period, 1977-1986, was 33.9 per 100,000 livebirths; the second 5-year period showed a significant reduction (26.9) compared to the first 5-year period (42.3). Haemorrhage, pulmonary embolism, hypertensive diseases of pregnancy and infection were the main causes of maternal mortality. Sickle cell disease ...
Fauveau V - - 1988
Of a total of 1037 women of reproductive age who died during the period 1976-85 in the Matlab area that was under demographic surveillance, 387 (37%) were maternal deaths. The mean maternal mortality over the 10-year period was 5.5 per 1000 live births (101 per 100 000 women of reproductive ...
- - 1988
In 1987, the period when prenatal maternity allowance is paid in Finland was extended from 25 to 30 days. The total period when maternity allowance is paid is now 263 days. In 1988, the period when maternity allowance is paid was extended another 60 days in the case of multiple ...
- - 1988
In 1987, a new social security scheme came into force in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Under the scheme, maternity benefits are payable to women who have paid at least 30 weeks' contributions into the scheme, at least 20 of them during the 30 weeks immediately preceding the claim. Benefits ...
Vobecky J S - - 1988
This study raises the question of the validity of conclusions based on recalled data by testing the maternal ability to report vital events on her newborn infant after 8 years. First, the retrospective information given by the mother was compared to the prospective data collected immediately after birth. Second, the ...
- - 1988
Major provisions of this Act of India on maternity benefits are summarized as follows: Section 2 of the principal Act has been substituted to extend the provisions of the Act to shops or establishments employing 10 or more persons. The rate of maternity benefits payable to women employees for each ...
Lund R J RJ Institute of Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape - - 1987
The incidence of gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum (GON) in the area served by the Peninsula Maternity and Neonatal Services in Cape Town is 273/100,000 live births. Two prophylactic agents, 1% silver nitrate ophthalmic solution and 0.5% erythromycin ophthalmic ointment, were introduced in routine eye care of the newborn in the main ...
Moses V - - 1987
Oklahoma's Maternal Mortality Committee has been active since 1941. During the 30-year period 1950 through 1979, the committee reviewed in detail 75.9% of the pregnancy-related deaths that occurred in Oklahoma. The maternal mortality ratio in 1950 was 95.1/100,000 live births, and for 1979 it was 8.1/100,000 live births, a decrease ...
Weaver D R - - 1987
The development of circadian rhythms was examined in a precocious rodent species, the spiny mouse. Spiny mouse pups born and reared in constant darkness expressed robust circadian rhythms in locomotor activity as early as day 5 of life. Free-running activity rhythms of pups born and reared in constant darkness were ...
Wang X H - - 1987
Maternal erythrocytes (Rh+) have been identified in the fetal circulation of Rh- infants by the use of a simple immunocytochemical staining technic. Placental or capillary blood from an Rh- infant of an Rh+ mother was incubated in sequence with Rh immunoglobulin, rabbit antihuman IgG, and finally goat antirabbit IgG-alkaline phosphatase ...
Levy V - - 1987
In order to establish whether the maternity blues is peculiar to the puerperium a self-rating blues questionnaire was administered to women after childbirth and after surgery. A period of dysphoria, similar in many respects to the maternity blues, was experienced by women post-operatively. The main difference between maternity and post-operative ...
Barker D J - - 1987
Geographical differences in maternal mortality in England and Wales during 1911-4 correlate closely with death rates from stroke in the generation born around that time. The geographical distribution of stroke is more closely related to past maternal mortality than to any leading cause of death, past or present, except ischaemic ...
Katz V L - - 1987
Maternal floor infarction is a recurring placental disease of ubiquitous perivillous fibrin deposition with obliteration of normal placental architecture. In this case, elevated levels of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were found as well as a small fetal-maternal bleed. The association between placental disease and elevated maternal serum AFP is discussed.
Ericson A - - 1987
The outcome of all deliveries in Sweden in 1981 has been studied. The occupation of each mother was obtained by record linkage using census data from November 1980. Rates of perinatal deaths or congenital malformations did not vary according to maternal occupation, more than might be expected to happen by ...
Johnson C A - - 1987
Only healthy animals should be included in a breeding program. The potential effects of maternal illness and therapeutic agents on the fetus or neonate are often ignored until veterinary assistance becomes an absolute necessity. We must be mindful of these effects in order to minimize maternal and neonatal morbidity and ...
Farquhar D L - - 1987
Experience of preconceptual dietary management of maternal hyperphenylalaninaemia is limited. Two Edinburgh mothers with hyperphenylalaninaemia and borderline IQ have received dietary advice to maintain normal plasma Phe concentration both before conception and during pregnancy, in an attempt to prevent foetal abnormality. Satisfactory compliance was only obtained after intensive in-patient instruction ...
Fransen L - - 1987
Two hundred and twenty-nine infants born consecutively at the maternity ward of the Middelheim Hospital in Antwerp, over a period of 5 months, and an additional 55 randomly selected infants born at the same hospital were clinically and microbiologically investigated before leaving the maternity ward. All infants born at this ...
Burbacher T M - - 1988
This article describes a study of the toxic, reproductive, and developmental effects of chronic methylmercury (MeHg) exposure in Macaca fascicularis monkeys. Adult and infant monkeys were studied using procedures to assess maternal and newborn blood Hg concentrations, menstrual cyclicity, conception rate, reproductive outcome, maternal toxicity, and offspring size at birth. ...
Skalko R G - - 1987
It was concluded that this conference, sponsored by the EPA, has provided an opportunity to state current ideas regarding the utility of data from studies in developmental toxicology and that the deliberations have highlighted the need to consider fundamental relationships between maternal and developmental effects in a more comprehensive manner ...
Boerma T - - 1987
Estimates of national levels of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa are based on limited and defective data and subject to considerable discussion. In this paper, existing data from several sources are reviewed. The attempt has been made to assess the level of maternal mortality by studying the relative importance of ...
Golden N L - - 1987
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of maternal phencyclidine use on the fetus. Ninety-four neonates with maternal phencyclidine exposure were compared with 94 controls. Maternal phencyclidine use was assessed by questionnaire and repeated urine testing. Mothers of study and control patients were matched for demographic characteristics. ...
Mori M A - - 1987
We report on a male infant with a duplication 9p (pter----q13) and duplication 16p (p13----pter) resulting from a 3:1 meiotic disjunction of a maternal reciprocal translocation. In this case, the mode of segregation fits to the Pachytene-Diagram Model of Jalbert et al [1980]. The infant showed clinical features that have ...
Manoj M - - 1986
A retrospective study of work-load and maternal mortality over the past 10 years (1976-1985) at the Women's Hospital, Doha was conducted. 68,540 mothers delivered out of which 4,296 through C-section. The maternal mortality rate, although accounts for 17.59 per 100,000 during the first half of the 10 years period, has ...
Högberg U - - 1986
The prevention of fatal complications of childbirth is a priority of health care in the developing countries. This historical study of maternal deaths in Sweden analyses the decline in mortality between 1751-1900 and during this years maternal mortality was reduced by 76% whereas the female mortality dropped only by 33% ...
Choi E S - - 1986
A study was conducted to investigate the influence of culture on infant behavior, maternal attitudes toward child rearing, and maternal-infant interaction in 39 Korean and American mother-infant dyads at two to three days after delivery. Significant findings for the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale included more rapid habituation by the ...
Burton B K - - 1986
The outcome in infants without fetal neural tube defect born to mothers with elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein was studied. Elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein with normal amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein was found to be associated with an increased incidence of intrauterine growth retardation and nonneural tube congenital anomalies. There was no increased ...
Heytens L - - 1986
Pregnancy in patients with Eisenmenger's syndrome is known to be associated with a high incidence of maternal and perinatal death. Complications can occur before and during parturition but are most hazardous in the early postpartum period. If the exact causes of maternal death remain in most instances unknown, hypovolemia with ...
Högberg U - - 1986
The reduction in maternal mortality in Sweden between 1781 and 1980 is analysed with respect to changes in the distribution of age and parity among parturients over this period. Changes in maternal age contributed to almost 3% of the reduction in mortality over the period 1781-1911 and to 5% between ...
Mi M P - - 1986
Birth weight data on 72,078 liveborn singletons representing 5981 paternal and 7036 maternal single first cousin kinships were assembled by computerized record linkage from all marriages and livebirths registered in Hawaii during a 38-year period from 1942 to 1979. These kinships represented incrosses of five selected racial groups. An additional ...
Saunders D S - - 1986
The induction of larval diapause in the blowflies Calliphora vicina and Lucilia sericata was studied in relation to maternal and/or larval exposure to photoperiod. In C. vicina, maternal experience of short daylength was shown to be more important than larval exposure, although diapause was only observed when the larval rearing ...
Khan A R - - 1986
During the 12-month period from September 1982 to August 1983, 9,317 live births and 58 maternal deaths were recorded in Melanda and Islampur upazilas in the Jamalpur district of rural Bangladesh, giving a maternal mortality rate of 62.3 per 10,000 live births. Maternal mortality was positively related to maternal age ...
Högberg U - - 1986
Mortality statistics have been kept continuously in Sweden since 1750 and reveal that the maternal mortality rate declined from 900 to 6 per 100 000 live births over the period 1750 to 1980. Two-thirds of this decrease occurred during the 19th century and the remainder in the 20th century. In ...
Chang A - - 1985
Attitudes and practices regarding automobile passenger safety education for pregnant women and infants were surveyed in a random sample of 236 certified obstetrician-gynecologists in California. A majority of respondents stated that maternal passenger safety (71.6%) and infant/child passenger safety (63.6%) should be "routinely discussed by the obstetrician-gynecologist during the prenatal ...
Ching M S - - 1985
Our previous short term studies of the placental transfer of cimetidine in the pregnant sheep showed that following infusion of cimetidine to the mother, there was a striking (greater than 25 to 1) maternal to fetal gradient at apparent steady state. The present study examines two possible explanations: 1. That ...
Jovanovic R - - 1985
The effects of prolonged use of orally-administered terbutaline on mothers and their infants were studied. The only side effect observed in all patients was transient maternal tachycardia. Fifty-six percent of the patients experienced palpitations, nervousness and tremors during the first few days of therapy, which thereafter resolved. This is contrary ...
Rosen M - - 1985
In 1982 maternal mortality in England and Wales was given seven per 100 000 compared to 18 per 100 000 total births in Japan. This represented 160 more deaths in Japan. Perinatal mortality rates were similar in England and Wales and Japan, being 11.3 and 10.1 per 1000 respectively. The ...
Barrai I - - 1985
We analyzed a sample of 1,485 families with hemophilia A and B and with unknown diagnosis. The frequency of sporadic cases was estimated to be .166 and .078 for the two types of hemophilia, respectively. The sex ratio of mutation rates did not differ significantly from unity. The average age ...
Fox L P - - 1985
This report reviews the experience of the Santa Clara County Maternal Mortality Study Committee, which continued its local activity after the termination of California state-supported study groups in 1970. A study of 36 maternal deaths among approximately 262,000 live births was compiled over a 13-year period, between 1971 and 1983, ...
Evers-Kiebooms G - - 1985
In the present investigation we directly studied the constancy of the relative risks for standard 21 trisomy in Belgium during the period 1960-1978. The relative risk for standard 21 trisomy in different maternal age-groups, as compared to 20-24 years and 40-44 years remained remarkably constant during the period under investigation. ...
Owen M T - - 1984
Recent investigations of the relation between maternal employment and the stability of infant attachments have implied that maternal employment introduces a stressful, unpredictable element into family life. To assess the effect of maternal employment per se, stable and changing maternal employment status were distinguished in this study. Classifications of the ...
Suter C B - - 1984
New knowledge of maternal and infant nutrition has resulted in several changes within the past decade. Major changes in recommendations for maternal and infant nutrition have been highlighted. These recommendations are important to update dietitians, extension nutritionists, home economists, nurses, and other health professionals and paraprofessionals on the current maternal ...
Merkatz I R - - 1984
An index case of "undetectable" maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein at 16 weeks in the first pregnancy of a 28-year-old woman was associated with birth of an infant with trisomy 18. This fortuitous finding stimulated a retrospective study of prenatally diagnosed chromosomal abnormalities. From among a series of 3,862 genetic amniocenteses, 32 ...
Mitchell E K - - 1984
Since inception of the Dade County Medical Examiner Department in 1956 and the end of 1982 a total of 18 spontaneous births into toilets were investigated. A retrospective review of these cases revealed a high degree of maternal denial of pregnancy and refusal of responsibility for the fetus by primiparous ...
Nover A - - 1984
Normal mothers of nine-month-olds generally perceived their infants' behavior accurately. However, where maternal perceptual distortions did occur, they were associated with less maternal responsiveness and greater interference. These correlated with the mothers' anxiety level and with infant sleep problems. Maternal expectations thus seemed to be translated into specific maternal behavior ...
Rayburn W - - 1984
The authors reviewed the fetal outcomes for 30 pregnant patients who required hospitalization for burns that involved 11 to 97% of the total body area. A positive relationship was found between the percentage of maternal total body burn and maternal mortality, fetal mortality, and premature delivery. Premature delivery and/or fetal ...
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