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Results 401 - 450 of 946
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Karg E - - 2001
In the neonatal period, there is a high iron load, while both the level and molar oxidase activity of ceruloplasmin are low. On the other hand, the neonatal xanthine oxidase (XO) activity is higher than later in life and XO has a significant iron-oxidizing capacity. We therefore studied the physiological ...
Choong K - - 2001
Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase (CACT) deficiency is an inherited defect of the co-transport of free and esterified carnitine across the inner mitochondrial membrane. We report a case of CACT deficiency in a newborn who died at 72 h of age from severe, intractable cardiac tachyarrhythmia, despite an improvement in his neurological and ...
Edelenbos M - - 2001
Chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments from six cultivars of processed green peas (Avola, Tristar, Rampart, Turon, Bella, and Greenshaft) were extracted with 100% acetone and analyzed by reversed-phase HPLC. A total of 17 pigments were identified in the pea cultivars including 8 xanthophylls ((all-E)-neoxanthin, (9'Z)-neoxanthin, (all-E)-violaxanthin, neochrome, (all-E)-lutein epoxide, (all-E)-lutein, neolutein ...
Rao R - - 2001
Preterm infants are prone to iron deficiency. Their total body iron content at birth is low and gets further depleted by clinical practices such as uncompensated phlebotomy losses and exogenous erythropoietin administration during the neonatal period. Early iron deficiency appears to adversely affect cognitive development in human infants. To maintain ...
Kelly A L - - 2001
Neonatal haemochromatosis (NH) is a severe and newly recognised syndrome of uncertain aetiology, characterised by congenital cirrhosis or fulminant hepatitis and widespread tissue iron deposition. NH occurs in the context of maternal disease including viral infection, as a complication of metabolic disease in the fetus, and sporadically or recurrently, without ...
Nissenkorn A - - 2001
Carnitine deficiency secondary to renal Fanconi's tubulopathy has been described in only a few inborn errors of metabolism: cystinosis, galactosemia, and Fanconi-Bieckel syndrome. We report a 27-month-old infant who presented with a sudden change in gait owing to proximal muscle weakness. The laboratory evaluation showed carnitine deficiency associated with Fanconi's ...
Haug G H - - 2001
Titanium and iron concentration data from the anoxic Cariaco Basin, off the Venezuelan coast, can be used to infer variations in the hydrological cycle over northern South America during the past 14,000 years with subdecadal resolution. Following a dry Younger Dryas, a period of increased precipitation and riverine discharge occurred ...
Park Y K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Providing partial enteral nutrition (PEN) supplemented with insulinlike growth factor-1 (IGF-1) to parenterally fed piglets increases lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH) activity, but not LPH mRNA. The current aim was to investigate potential mechanisms by which IGF-1 up-regulates LPH activity. METHODS: Newborn piglets (n = 15) received 100% parenteral nutrition (TPN), ...
Friel J K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of increased iron intakes on hematologic status and cognition in low birth weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: We randomly assigned 58 infants to receive formula with 13.4 mg iron/L (normal iron) or 20.7 mg iron/L (high iron). At baseline, discharge, and at 3, 6, 9, and ...
Winzerling J J - - 2001
We measured red blood cell zinc protoporphyrin/heme (ZnPP/H) ratios in premature infants at hospital discharge. ZnPP/heme ratios correlated directly with red blood cell distribution width and reticulocyte number. As in other populations, ZnPP/H ratios may provide a simple measure of iron-deficient erythropoiesis in premature infants.
Mitchell R R - - 2001
Permanent approval of shot composed of tungsten-iron and tungsten-polymer for waterfowl hunting by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service was pending the results of the present study that examined the health and reproductive effects of the two shot types on mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) over a 150-day period. We collected data ...
Jovaní M - - 2001
Our aim was to estimate the bioavailability of calcium, iron, and zinc from infant formulas using a model that includes in vitro digestion and a Caco-2 cell culture to estimate the uptake. The cell culture conditions were selected, and uptake assays were carried out first with calcium, iron, and zinc ...
Sarici S U - - 2001
Flash visual-evoked potentials were studied in 20 infants with iron-deficiency anemia to determine the effect of iron deficiency on visual function by using visual-evoked potentials in this type of anemia. After iron therapy for 12 weeks, visual-evoked potentials were retested in these otherwise healthy infants. All infants showed an excellent ...
Pineda O - - 2001
Forty infants, 6 to 36 mo old, with iron-deficiency anemia (hemoglobin < 11 g/dL) were matched and assigned to two groups. One group received FeS0(4) and the other received ferrous bis-glycinate chelate at a dose of 5 mg of Fe daily per kilogram of body weight for 28 d. Both ...
Sarriá B - - 2001
Maillard reaction and lactose isomerization may be induced during the processing involved in the manufacture of infant formulas. The effects of dehydratation and sterilization in an infant formula on iron and zinc bioavailability were studied. A powder (PIF), previously reconstituted, and an in-bottle-sterilized liquid infant formula (LIF), from the same ...
Male C - - 2001
A prospective longitudinal cohort study was performed to assess the prevalence of iron deficiency in European infants at 12 mo of age, and to study the influence of socio-economic status, dietary factors, growth and morbidity on iron status. The cohort consisted of 488 normal term infants from primary healthcare centres ...
Hirano K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion has been recognised as a risk factor for the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) or chronic lung disease (CLD) in preterm infants, but the precise mechanism involved is not understood. AIM: To investigate the level of non-transferrin bound "free" iron, which has the potential to promote ...
Dijkhuizen M A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies of vitamin A, iron, and zinc are prevalent worldwide, affecting vulnerable groups such as lactating women and infants. However, the existence of concurrent deficiencies has received little attention. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the extent to which deficiencies of vitamin A, iron, and zinc coexist and the ...
Griffin I J - - 2001
Given the importance of iron nutrition during the first year of life, there are surprisingly few true, randomized, controlled studies addressing this issue; however, it seems that iron deficiency is unlikely in full-term, breastfed infants during the first 6 months of life because these infants' body iron stores are sufficient ...
Kattelmann K K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The timing of introduction of complementary food to an infant's diet is variable throughout the world. Our objective was to determine whether early introduction of complementary foods affects iron and zinc status of formulated infants at 12, 24, and 36 months of age. DESIGN: A randomized, prospective trial was ...
Krebs N F - - 2001
Bioavailability can be broadly defined as the absorption and utilization of a nutrient, both of which may be affected by such host factors as gender, physiologic state and coexisting pathologic conditions. This report highlights factors of particular importance for the bioavailability of nutrients for infants, children and adolescents. Considerations for ...
Khan M M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A cohort study of anaemic pregnant women was carried out at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women and Children Hospital, Abbottabad, from November 30, 1992 to March 30, 1993, to determine the effects of antenatal maternal anaemia on the newborn babies. METHODS: 34 pregnant women with anaemia and ...
Gao X H - - 2001
A 2-year-old boy with flat and spoon-shaped nail plates was referred to us. His mother had noticed that his fingernails were quite soft when he was born. After 2 months, the nails became flat or spoon-shaped; the toenail plates also became rough and flat. Systemic examination revealed nothing unusual. All ...
Paglia D E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possibility that excessive maternal iron (overload) may contribute to development of congenital leukoencephalomalacia in captive black rhinoceroses. SAMPLE POPULATION: Tissue specimens and serum samples from 18 rhinoceroses in 2 kindreds harboring 4 (possibly 5) affected female calves. PROCEDURE: Fresh and archival sera and necropsy tissue specimens ...
Ng P C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of multiple blood transfusions on hepatic iron storage in preterm, very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: Seventeen VLBW infants who died within the first six months of life and underwent postmortem examination were studied. Serum ferritin, iron, and total iron binding capacity were measured within ...
Savman K - - 2001
Posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) is closely associated with white matter injury and neurologic disability in the preterm infant. An important factor in periventricular white matter damage may be the specific vulnerability of iron-rich immature oligodendroglia to reactive oxygen species toxicity. Non-protein-bound iron (NPBI) is a potent catalyst in the generation ...
Oppenheimer S J - - 2001
The continuing unresolved debate over the interaction of iron and infection indicates a need for quantitative review of clinical morbidity outcomes. Iron deficiency is associated with reversible abnormalities of immune function, but it is difficult to demonstrate the severity and relevance of these in observational studies. Iron treatment has been ...
Kaluski D N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the secular trends in the prevalence rates of iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) in infants in Israel, identify population group differences and assess the effectiveness of the 1985 Public Health directives on iron supplementation and avoidance of cow's milk in the first year of life. DESIGN: A systematic analysis ...
Dewey K G - - 2001
Although additional research is needed on many of the issues discussed herein, the following conclusions are well substantiated by the evidence available to date: Breast milk alone can meet nutrient needs during the first 6 months, with the possible exception of vitamin D in certain populations and iron in infants ...
Anorlu R I - - 2001
Malaria can cause severe disease in pregnancy. We determined asymptomatic parasitaemia in 477 consenting consecutive women during their booking visits to a primary health care facility in a peri-urban area in Lagos State. There were 129 primigravidae and 348 multigravidae, with mean ages of 19.8 +/- 2.4 years (range 16-26 ...
Thornburg C D - - 2001
Hemoglobin D-Iran (Hb D-Iran, beta 22 Glu-->Gln) is a beta-chain variant that was first described in 1973. Hb D-Iran in combination with normal Hb A (Hb D-Iran trait) is a benign condition. Hb D-Iran has also been described in combination with sickle hemoglobin and beta thalassemia, but never as a ...
Sergi C - - 2001
We report on a female preterm infant with hepatic failure and neonatal tissue siderosis of hemochromatotic type diagnosed by using both histochemistry and atomic absorption spectroscopy. The infant presented with meconium ileus, signs of rapidly progressive hepatic failure, and hyperferritinemia (7132 ng/ml). Despite surgery and intensive care the infant died ...
Jackson J A - - 2001
The 482-hectare (ha) City of Orlando (Florida) Easterly Wetlands (OEW) was designed to reduce nutrient concentrations in 0.90 m3/s of wastewater from the Iron Bridge Regional Water Reclamation Facility. Design influent nutrient concentrations were 6 mg/L total nitrogen (TN) and 0.75 mg/L total phosphorus (TP). Actual TN and TP concentrations ...
Davidsson L - - 2000
Bioavailability of iron (Fe) from a low-Fe infant formula was determined by erythrocyte incorporation of 58Fe 14 d after administration in ten healthy, non-Fe-deficient infants. Two feeding protocols were compared, with each infant acting as his/her own control. At 140 and 154 d of age, infants were fed 1000 g ...
Yalçin S S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the cognitive effects of iron treatment have focused on anemic or non-anemic iron-deficient infants. The effect of iron supplementation on cognitive development among iron-sufficient infants has not been studied. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of iron supplementation on performance in ...
Naude S - - 2000
The more widely used divalent forms of iron (Fe2+) supplementation often lead to gastrointestinal symptoms in preterm infants although little is known about the use of nonionic trivalent iron preparations (FeIII) in these patients. It is especially under this nonionic form that dietary iron is available. For this reason, a ...
Hanzlick R - - 2000
Infant lung samples were obtained prospectively at autopsy by medical examiner pathologists in five areas of the United States. Tissues were submitted regardless of the cause of death. Lung sections were stained with Prussian blue to detect deposits of hemosiderin. Fifty-nine cases were evaluated for the study. The four sections ...
Olivares M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The serum transferrin receptor (TfR) and the ratio of TfR to serum ferritin (TfR:SF) have been shown to be useful as early indicators of iron deficiency. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of TfR and TfR:SF in the assessment of iron deficiency in infants ...
Willows N D - - 2000
The iron status and diet of Inuit infants living in northern Quebec who were part of a prospective cohort study was described. The prevalence of anemia (hemoglobin values > 2 SD below the reference mean) was 21.1% (23/109), 47.4% (55/116) and 37.7% (46/122) at 2, 6 and 12 months, respectively. ...
Satué-Gracia M T - - 2000
Lactoferrin is an iron transport protein present in human milk at an average concentration of 1.4 mg/mL. Commercially modified infant formulas based on cow's milk contain much lower amounts of lactoferrin (0.1 mg/mL lactoferrin) and soy based formulas have none. In addition to its role in iron transport, lactoferrin has ...
Franz A R - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether early enteral iron supplementation (EI) would improve serum ferritin as a measure of nutritional iron status at 2 months of age and would prevent definite iron deficiency (ID) in infants with a birth weight of <1301 g. METHODS: Infants were randomly assigned to receive enteral iron ...
Bouglé D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the relationships between growth and zinc and iron status in normal infants. STUDY DESIGN: Growth of normal infants (less than 3 y old: n = 66) was prospectively assessed with a mean delay of 24+/-6 weeks between measurements; subjects were free from illness and presented with a ...
Obladen M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: In very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, diagnostic and therapeutic decisions depend on hematologic values. As few data are available, we studied the course during the first 6 weeks of life. DESIGN: Four prospective longitudinal cohort studies were retrospectively combined assessing hematologic profiles of 562 VLBW infants. For characterization ...
Al-Saleh I - - 2000
Selenium (Se) is a naturally occurring trace element that is essential for animal and human nutrition, but the range between dietary requirements and toxic levels is relatively narrow. In this review, we are interested in the beneficial effects of selenium and we report on a number of studies of the ...
Arvas A - - 2000
The effect of ferric compounds in therapy of iron deficiency anemia is doubtful; however, the absorption of iron is not affected negatively by food or drugs. In our Well Baby Clinic, ferric polymaltose (6 mg/kg/d) was given to 59 infants (Group 1) and ferrous sulphate (same doses) was given to ...
Abdel-Salam G - - 2000
We studied the possible environmental factors in the origin of microcephaly by comparing the exposures of 109 infants with isolated microcephaly with those of two matched population controls, in addition to those of 812 patient controls (that is, infants with Down syndrome). Cases and patient controls were selected from the ...
Kubo T - - 2000
The authors examined a 35-year-old man who had multifocal osteonecrosis on the right and left femoral heads, left humeral head, and right scaphoid. The patient previously had a diagnosis of Type I congenital antithrombin III deficiency but had no other risk factors for osteonecrosis. This patient was thought to have ...
Kilbride J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of anemia has been reported in Jordan affecting women of childbearing age and infants/preschool children. This paper considers maternal iron, folate and B(12) status, with possible implications for both maternal and infant health. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case-control study of infants born to anemic (Hb <11 ...
Pinckers A - - 2000
PURPOSE: The evaluation of the anomaloscope slope quotient in patients with acquired colour vision deficiency. METHODS: Two patients with Stargardt's disease in combination with protanomaly and deuteranomaly, respectively, were selected and also 3 patients with a presumed dominant optic atrophy of the protan type. The anomaloscope examination was performed according ...
Lao T T - - 2000
A prospective observational study was performed on 488 women with haemoglobin >/=10 g/dl at booking to examine the relationship between serum ferritin concentration quartiles at 28-30 weeks gestation with maternal characteristics, pregnancy complications and infant outcome. While there was no difference in the maternal characteristics or gestational age, the infant ...
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