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Results 351 - 400 of 937
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Raghuveer Talkad S - - 2002
Free radical injury is thought to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of several disease processes in low birth weight premature infants including retinopathy of prematurity and necrotizing enterocolitis. Because iron is a known catalyst in free radical-mediated oxidation reactions, the objectives of the present in vitro studies were ...
Osendarp Saskia J M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Evidence for an effect of zinc supplementation on growth and morbidity in very young infants in developing countries is scarce and inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effect of zinc supplementation on growth and morbidity in poor Bangladeshi infants aged 4-24 wk. DESIGN: Infants from Dhaka slums were enrolled at ...
O'Keeffe M J - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to determine, in a cohort of extremely premature infants, the prevalence of iron deficiency identified by zinc protoporphyrin/heme ratio (ZPP) testing, and its association with neurodevelopmental problems and dietary risk factors for iron deficiency. METHODS: Infants of less than 29 weeks' gestation or ...
Domellöf Magnus - - 2002
Diagnostic criteria for iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infants are poorly defined. Our aim was to establish appropriate cut-off values for hemoglobin (Hb), plasma ferritin, erythrocyte mean cell volume (MCV), zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) and soluble transferrin receptors (TfR) in infancy. Exclusively breast-fed infants (n = 263) ...
Cox Timothy M - - 2002
Juvenile hemochromatosis (JH) is an autosomal recessive disease causing iron overload before age 30 in both sexes. JH is characterised by hypogonadism, growth retardation and cardiomyopathy. Linkage of JH to chromosome lq is established in pedigrees throughout Europe. Studies of 29 patients in 20 families of diverse ethnic origin confirm ...
Dewey Kathryn G - - 2002
Iron supplements are often prescribed during infancy but their benefits and risks have not been well documented. We examined whether iron supplements affect growth or morbidity of breast-fed infants. Full-term infants in Sweden (n = 101) and Honduras (n = 131) were randomly assigned to three groups at 4 mo ...
Chuansumrit Ampaiwan - - 2002
Seventy-two healthy infants (37 males, 35 females) attending a private well baby clinic were enrolled in the study. Their mean birthweights and body weights at one year of age were 3,079 grams and 10 kilograms, respectively. Blood samples were drawn approximately on their first birthday for evaluating the iron status. ...
Walker I H - - 2002
AIMS: To investigate whether copper supplementation to rising 2-year-old red deer stags (Cervus elaphus) in winter and/or spring improved velvet antler weight, grade and financial value, and liveweight gain. METHODS: Rising 2-year-old red deer stags (n=142) on a commercial deer farm in Hawke's Bay were allocated to two groups on ...
Hernell Olle - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The appropriate level of iron fortification in infant formula remains undetermined. OBJECTIVES: We compared hematologic indexes and iron-status indicators in infants who were either breast-fed or fed formula with concentrations of 2 or 4 mg Fe/L and evaluated the effects of providing part of the iron as bovine lactoferrin ...
Petersen Yvette M - - 2002
Exogenous glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) mimics the stimulatory effect of enteral nutrition on intestinal mucosal growth in preterm neonatal pigs. Little is known about its effects on small intestinal function. In this study, we investigated whether the trophic actions of GLP-2 and enteral nutrition are paralleled by effects on small ...
Wieringa Frank T - - 2002
Many indicators of micronutrient status change during infection because of the acute phase response. In this study, relationships between the acute phase response, assessed by measuring concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), alpha(1)-antichymotrypsin (ACT) and alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP), and indicators of micronutrient status were analyzed in 418 infants who completed a ...
Georgieff Michael K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the 9-month follow-up iron status of infants born with abnormally low serum ferritin concentrations. Study design: Ten infants of >34 weeks' gestation with cord serum ferritin concentrations <5th percentile at birth (<70 microg/L) and 12 control infants with cord serum ferritin concentrations >80 microg/L had follow-up serum ...
Olivares Manuel - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Copper homeostasis involves a high degree of regulation in which changes in absorption and biliary excretion are the main mechanisms. Whether neonates and small infants can make these changes efficiently is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of age and copper intake on copper absorption in infants during the ...
Domellöf Magnus - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It is commonly assumed that there is no difference in iron status between male and female infants, despite a lack of studies addressing this question. OBJECTIVE: To study sex differences in different measures of iron status in infants. METHODS: At 4 months of age, 263 term, breastfed infants (121 ...
De Pee Saskia - - 2002
Iron deficiency anemia among young children is a large health problem. However, there is little information about the prevalence of anemia among young infants because it has been assumed that normal, breast-fed infants have adequate iron stores until 4-6 mo of age. We analyzed cross-sectional data from the HKI/GOI Nutrition ...
Kapur Deeksha - - 2002
Available studies on prevalence of nutritional anemia in India show that 65% infant and toddlers, 60% 1-6 years of age, 88% adolescent girls (3.3% had hemoglobin < 7.0 g/dl; severe anemia) and 85% pregnant women (9.9% having severe anemia) were anemic. The prevalence of anemia was marginally higher in lactating ...
Domellöf Magnus - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Iron supplements are often recommended for older breast-fed infants, but little is known about factors affecting iron absorption from human milk or supplements. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of age, iron status, and iron intake on iron absorption in healthy, term, breast-fed infants. DESIGN: Twenty-five infants were randomly assigned ...
Ziegler Ekhard E - - 2002
We propose an approach to nutrition of the VLBW infant that aims at minimizing the interruption of nutrient uptake engendered by premature birth. Our approach is aggressive in that it goes beyond current practice in several key aspects. The gap in nutrient intakes between the proposed aggressive approach and current ...
Nazir Shahid - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare iron sufficiency in premature infants receiving high-dose recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO), 1200 IU/kg per week, supplemented with 6 or 12 mg/kg per day of enteral iron. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective, double-blind, controlled study of premature infants receiving r-HuEPO therapy, randomly assigned to receive 2 different doses ...
Kling Pamela J - - 2002
Many unanswered issues regarding rhEPO therapy in prematurity remain, including which premature infants best respond to rhEPO, what the long-term effect of decreased erythrocyte transfusions is, how nutritional supplementation optimizes the effect of rhEPO, whether or not rhEpo therapy causes iron deficiency later in life, and whether or not it ...
Keller L P - - 2002
Sulphur is depleted in cold dense molecular clouds with embedded young stellar objects, indicating that most of it probably resides in solid grains. Iron sulphide grains are the main sulphur species in cometary dust particles, but there has been no direct evidence for FeS in astronomical sources, which poses a ...
Yeruchimovich Mark - - 2002
The objective of this study is to study the absolute number of nucleated red blood cells (RBC) at birth, an index of active fetal erythropoiesis, in infants with G6PD deficiency and in controls. We tested the hypothesis that hematocrit and hemoglobin would be lower, and absolute nucleated RBC counts higher, ...
Fellman Vineta - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: A prenatal diagnosis of the fetus for a mother of two previously deceased infants who died from the recently described autosomal recessive disease (OMIM 603358). The infants presented with intrauterine growth retardation, aminoaciduria, cholestasis, iron overload, severe lactic acidosis, and early death (GRACILE syndrome). STUDY DESIGN: DNA was extracted ...
Savoie Nadya - - 2002
Iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy is still common in developed countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of maternal anemia on the infant's iron status at 9 months of age in Moncton, NB. Mothers giving birth between April 1998 and February 1999 were selected from medical records. ...
Willows Noreen D - - 2002
Aboriginal Cree infants living in northern Quebec who were 9 months of age were screened for anemia, iron deficiency and elevated blood lead concentrations. Of the 314 infants who were eligible to participate, 274 (87.3%) were screened for anemia, 186 had blood lead concentration measured and 141 of the latter ...
Rajan Suparna - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of cobalamin (Cbl) deficiency in older adult outpatients and to determine whether regular intake of a synthetic source of cobalamin confers protection against Cbl deficiency. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two university-affiliated geriatric medicine outpatient clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred fifteen older adults (age range 65-100) without ...
Dórea José G - - 2002
Zinc deficiency during nursing can occur even in breast-fed infants. Zinc reserves accumulated during fetal development modulate the infant's susceptibility to zinc deficiency. Improvement of maternal zinc nutrition during pregnancy is the key for infant's zinc nutritional support and prevention of low-for-lactation-age zinc concentrations of breast-milk.
Zhdanova E V - - 2002
Biorhythms of absorption capacity of neutrophils and monocytes were studied in women with latent iron deficiency. We revealed disorders in circadian organization of the mononuclear phagocyte system and decreased reserve capacity of nonspecific organism's resistance against the background of tissue iron deficiency. Informative value of desynchronosis in circadian structure of ...
Totin Dana - - 2002
Although anemia is a common finding among human immunodeficiency (HIV)-infected infants in sub-Saharan Africa, the factors contributing to the pathogenesis of anemia have not been well characterized. We sought to characterize the relative contribution of iron deficiency and chronic disease to the anemia among infants. Hemoglobin, ferritin, erythropoietin, tumor necrosis ...
Grattan-Smith Padraic J - - 2002
Inborn errors of catecholamine biosynthesis are rare but of great interest as they are genetic disorders, and in some, treatment may completely reverse severe neurological abnormalities. They also provide insights into the action of the biogenic amines in the developing brain. We describe the clinical course of an infant with ...
Wang Jialin - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the rules of changes in body constitution of Zhuang students in Guangxi and factors influencing it. METHOD: Data on body constitution of Zhuang students aged seven to 22 in the year of 2000 were compared with those in 1985. RESULTS: The average height of Zhuang students increased ...
Shaaban S Y - - 2002
To assess the role of enzymatic antioxidants in the pathogenesis of protein energy malnutrition (PEM) and the effect of nutritional rehabilitation, we studied 30 infants with PEM (mean age 10.63 +/- 4.39 months: 10 marasmic; 8 with kwashiorkor; 12 with marasmic kwashiorkor) and 15 controls. All underwent clinical examination and ...
Angulo-Kinzler R M - - 2002
This study compared spontaneous motor activity in 6-month-old Chilean infants with or without iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) who were otherwise healthy. Activity was assessed in conjunction with polysomnographic recording during an afternoon nap in 11 infants with IDA and 15 with normal hemoglobin levels. All infants were given oral iron, and ...
Heath Anne-Louise M - - 2002
The objectives of this study were: (i) to investigate the energy, iron, zinc, calcium and vitamin C intakes of a group of healthy term Caucasian infants resident in Dunedin, New Zealand, prospectively from age 9 months to 2 years; and (ii) to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia among ...
Jetsrisuparb Arunee - - 2002
This article is the first report of hemoglobin (Hb) Pyrgos along with other Hbs forming triple-heterozvgous patterns. Of 2 cases, the first occurred in a Thai girl with thalassemic facies, marked anemia, and hepatosplenomegaly, who had Hb Pyrgos in association with Hb H disease with Hb Constant Spring (CS). This ...
Rao R - - 2002
Iron sufficiency is critical for rapidly developing fetal and neonatal organ systems. The majority of iron in the third trimester fetus and the neonate is found in the red cell mass (as hemoglobin), with lesser amounts in the tissues as storage iron (e.g. ferritin) or functional iron (e.g. myoglobin, cytochromes). ...
Tuthill D P - - 2002
Recent research has not only questioned the necessity of iron supplementation in human milk substitutes prior to weaning, but also suggested some potential adverse effects. This study investigated the hypothesis that infant formula need not contain added iron in the first 3 mo. Healthy term infants were recruited into a ...
Sazawal S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight infants have been noted to have low zinc concentrations in cord blood, and zinc deficiency in childhood is associated with reduced immunocompetence and increased infectious disease morbidity. This study investigates whether zinc supplementation of infants born full term and small for gestational age affects mortality. METHODS: ...
Wang W C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Hydroxyurea improves hematologic values and decreases vaso-occlusive complications in adults and children with sickle cell anemia (SCA), but has not been tested in infants before the onset of chronic organ dysfunction. We conducted a collaborative pilot trial of hydroxyurea in infants with SCA to assess its (1) feasibility of ...
Akisu M - - 2001
In the present investigation, we studied the effect of recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO) on serum malondialdehyde (MDA) as an index of lipid peroxidation, related to iron-catalyzed free radical reaction and erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activities in very-low-birth weight (VLBW) infants. Forty premature infants, at ...
Dijkhuizen M A - - 2001
In this study the effects of supplementation of iron and zinc, alone or combined, on iron status, zinc status and growth in Indonesian infants is investigated. Micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent in infants in developing countries, and deficiencies often coexist; thus, combined supplementation is an attractive strategy. However, little is known ...
Karg E - - 2001
In the neonatal period, there is a high iron load, while both the level and molar oxidase activity of ceruloplasmin are low. On the other hand, the neonatal xanthine oxidase (XO) activity is higher than later in life and XO has a significant iron-oxidizing capacity. We therefore studied the physiological ...
Choong K - - 2001
Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase (CACT) deficiency is an inherited defect of the co-transport of free and esterified carnitine across the inner mitochondrial membrane. We report a case of CACT deficiency in a newborn who died at 72 h of age from severe, intractable cardiac tachyarrhythmia, despite an improvement in his neurological and ...
Edelenbos M - - 2001
Chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments from six cultivars of processed green peas (Avola, Tristar, Rampart, Turon, Bella, and Greenshaft) were extracted with 100% acetone and analyzed by reversed-phase HPLC. A total of 17 pigments were identified in the pea cultivars including 8 xanthophylls ((all-E)-neoxanthin, (9'Z)-neoxanthin, (all-E)-violaxanthin, neochrome, (all-E)-lutein epoxide, (all-E)-lutein, neolutein ...
Rao R - - 2001
Preterm infants are prone to iron deficiency. Their total body iron content at birth is low and gets further depleted by clinical practices such as uncompensated phlebotomy losses and exogenous erythropoietin administration during the neonatal period. Early iron deficiency appears to adversely affect cognitive development in human infants. To maintain ...
Kelly A L - - 2001
Neonatal haemochromatosis (NH) is a severe and newly recognised syndrome of uncertain aetiology, characterised by congenital cirrhosis or fulminant hepatitis and widespread tissue iron deposition. NH occurs in the context of maternal disease including viral infection, as a complication of metabolic disease in the fetus, and sporadically or recurrently, without ...
Nissenkorn A - - 2001
Carnitine deficiency secondary to renal Fanconi's tubulopathy has been described in only a few inborn errors of metabolism: cystinosis, galactosemia, and Fanconi-Bieckel syndrome. We report a 27-month-old infant who presented with a sudden change in gait owing to proximal muscle weakness. The laboratory evaluation showed carnitine deficiency associated with Fanconi's ...
Haug G H - - 2001
Titanium and iron concentration data from the anoxic Cariaco Basin, off the Venezuelan coast, can be used to infer variations in the hydrological cycle over northern South America during the past 14,000 years with subdecadal resolution. Following a dry Younger Dryas, a period of increased precipitation and riverine discharge occurred ...
Park Y K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Providing partial enteral nutrition (PEN) supplemented with insulinlike growth factor-1 (IGF-1) to parenterally fed piglets increases lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH) activity, but not LPH mRNA. The current aim was to investigate potential mechanisms by which IGF-1 up-regulates LPH activity. METHODS: Newborn piglets (n = 15) received 100% parenteral nutrition (TPN), ...
Friel J K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of increased iron intakes on hematologic status and cognition in low birth weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: We randomly assigned 58 infants to receive formula with 13.4 mg iron/L (normal iron) or 20.7 mg iron/L (high iron). At baseline, discharge, and at 3, 6, 9, and ...
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