Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 946
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Türker Gülcan - - 2005
Premature infants<1500 g were randomly assigned to study and control groups. In the study group, 42 premature infants received recombinant human erythropoietin (r-Hu EPO) 750 U/kg per week subcutaneously from day 5 to 40 and enteral iron supplementation of 2 to 6 mg/kg/d beginning on day 14 provided that they ...
Domell?f Magnus - - 2005
AIM: To investigate whether iron supplements compromise copper status in infants. METHODS: 214 healthy, term, breastfed Swedish and Honduran infants were randomized to (1) iron supplements (1 mg/kg/d) from 4-9 mo of age, (2) iron supplements from 6-9 mo, or (3) placebo. Blood samples were obtained at 4, 6, and ...
Sugiura Tokio T Department of Paediatrics, Neonatology and Congenital Disorders, Nagoya City University, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan. - - 2005
In Japan and many other industrialized countries, zinc is readily available as a nutritional supplement, for cosmetic purposes and for the treatment of atopic dermatitis. The potential risks associated with its use are not, however, fully recognized. As a reciprocal relationship exists between copper and zinc, excessive zinc can produce ...
Ullrich Christina C Department of Medicine, Children's Hospital, Boston, USA. - - 2005
Current clinical practice relies on hemoglobin to detect iron deficiency, which misses infants not yet anemic and places them at higher risk for neurocognitive impairment. Reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CHr) has never been compared with hemoglobin for screening healthy infants. To evaluate CHr for detecting iron deficiency without anemia in healthy ...
Lin Hening H Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2005
The iroA locus encodes five genes (iroB, iroC, iroD, iroE, iroN) that are found in pathogenic Salmonella and Escherichia coli strains. We recently reported that IroB is an enterobactin (Ent) C-glucosyltransferase, converting the siderophore into mono-, di-, and triglucosyl enterobactins (MGE, DGE, and TGE, respectively). Here, we report the characterization ...
Lott David G DG Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, - - 2005
To examine the utility of red blood cell (RBC) zinc protoporphyrin/heme ratio (ZnPP/H) as an indicator of fetal iron status, because unfavorable neurodevelopmental outcomes have been associated with poor iron status at birth, as indicated by low serum ferritin, and because few reliable indicators of fetal and early neonatal iron ...
Lall Ritu - - 2005
The mineral concentration of meconia of small for gestational age (SGA) newborns were compared with those of appropriate for gestational age (AGA) newborns of similar gestational ages (GA) to determine whether differences may provide clues of possible nutritional deficits of SGA infants, given that levels of meconium minerals could indicate ...
Fareh O I - - 2005
Our objective was to determine the effect of anaemia during pregnancy on maternal and perinatal outcome. A retrospective case-control study was conduced on 100 anaemic (haemoglobin level < 11g/dl) and 100 non-anaemic, pregnant women with singleton pregnancies who received antenatal care and delivered vaginally in our hospital. The maternal characteristics ...
Almeida Manuel F - - 2006
The aim of this work is identification of the structural components of actual domestic spent alkaline AA batteries, as well as quantification of some of their characteristics. Weight, humidity, ash content, zinc and zinc oxide on anode, manganese on cathode and other metals, potassium hydroxide on the internal components and ...
Wall C R - - 2005
AIMS: To compare iron fortified follow-on milk (iron follow-on), iron fortified partially modified cows' milk (iron milk), and iron medicine for the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) in hospitalised infants. METHODS: In a randomised controlled trial, infants aged 9-23 months with IDA and who were hospitalised with an acute ...
Sachs Julian P - - 2005
Massive iceberg discharges from the Northern Hemisphere ice sheets, 'Heinrich events', coincided with the coldest periods of the last ice age. There is widespread evidence for Heinrich events and their profound impact on the climate and circulation of the North Atlantic Ocean, but their influence beyond that region remains uncertain. ...
Gunshin Hiromi H Children's Hospital Boston, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2005
Solute carrier family 11, member 2 (SLC11A2) is the only transmembrane iron transporter known to be involved in cellular iron uptake. It is widely expressed and has been postulated to play important roles in intestinal iron absorption, erythroid iron utilization, hepatic iron accumulation, placental iron transfer, and other processes. Previous ...
Kariger Patricia K - - 2005
Locomotion allows infants to explore their environment, promoting development in other domains. Motor progression involves biological systems and experiential factors. Nutritional deficiencies could interfere with systems involved in locomotion. This study examined the associations between height-for-age (HAZ), weight-for-height (WHZ) Z-scores and anemia-iron status on locomotion in 646 Zanzibari infants. Motor ...
Hsueh C L - - 2005
This study investigated Fenton and Fenton-like reactions at low iron concentration (<or==10 mg l-1) to oxidize three commercial azo dyes, namely Red MX-5B, Reactive Black 5 and Orange G. In some local cases in Taiwan, wastewater color was found to be the only problem in meeting local effluent standards. This ...
Wachs Theodore D - - 2005
The relation between indices of neonatal iron status and individual differences in neonatal temperament were investigated in a sample of 148 low-income Peruvian women and their newborn infants. Using cord blood, at birth we obtained measures of neonatal ferritin, serum iron, and hemoglobin. While neonates were still in the hospital, ...
Smuts Cornelius M - - 2005
Diets of infants across the world are commonly deficient in multiple micronutrients during the period of growth faltering and dietary transition from milk to solid foods. A randomized placebo controlled trial was carried out in Indonesia, Peru, South Africa, and Vietnam, using a common protocol to investigate whether improving status ...
Untoro Juliawati - - 2005
Multiple micronutrient deficiencies are highly prevalent in Indonesia, but the interventions are still focused on single micronutrients. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of multiple micronutrient supplements for improving micronutrient status, anemia, growth, and morbidity of Indonesian infants. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 284 infants aged 6-12 mo were ...
Smuts Cornelius M - - 2005
Growth faltering, anemia, and multiple micronutrient deficiency are common during infancy in developing countries. This South African trial was part of a multicenter study aimed at testing the efficacy of multiple micronutrient supplementation on growth, anemia, micronutrient status, and morbidity during infancy across 4 countries. A total of 265 infants ...
Gross Rainer - - 2005
The International Research on Infant Supplementation trials emerged as an attempt to develop a credible evidence base to guide policy decision making in this area. The fact that infant diets in developing country settings are more often deficient in multiple micronutrients rather than in single nutrients and/or energy was increasingly ...
Beard John L - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine whether iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in mothers alters their maternal cognitive and behavioral performance, the mother-infant interaction, and the infant's development. This article focuses on the relation between IDA and cognition as well as behavioral affect in the young mothers. This prospective, ...
Reiter Pamela D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a 10-day subcutaneous erythropoietin (rHuEpo) course of 300 units per kg per dose plus oral iron compared to oral iron alone in anemic infants during their convalescent phase of illness. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized trial performed at a 40-bed, teaching, referral, level III, neonatal ...
Shefferson Richard P - - 2005
Lady's slipper orchids (Cypripedium spp.) are rare terrestrial plants that grow throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere. Like all orchids, they require mycorrhizal fungi for germination and seedling nutrition. The nutritional relationships of adult Cypripedium mycorrhizae are unclear; however, Cypripedium distribution may be limited by mycorrhizal specificity, whether this specificity occurs ...
Scheplyagina Larissa A - - 2005
The results of studying the prevalence of zinc deficiency in pregnant women and children at birth are presented. About 77% of the mothers and, in average, every third-fifth child depending on gestational age at birth have decreased serum zinc concentration (below 13 micromol/L). Malnutrition regarding macro- and micronutrients increases the ...
Aggarwal D - - 2005
AIMS: To determine the haematological effects of iron supplementation in predominantly breast fed term low birth weight (LBW) infants. METHODS: Seventy three healthy term LBW (<2500 g), predominantly breast fed infants aged 50-80 days were randomised into two groups to receive either iron (3 mg/kg/day) (iron supplemented (IS) group; n ...
Bellieni C V - - 2005
The aims of this paper is to measure whether ferromagnetic panels sufficiently reduce the high electromagnetic fields (EMF) to which newborns are exposed in incubators and to which caregivers are exposed when working near the incubators. We measured EMF at mattress level in three neonatal incubators with and without ferromagnetic ...
Tantracheewathorn Supapan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) between breast-fed (BF) and formula-fed (FF) infants and to identify the risk factors of IDA in these infants. DESIGN: Cohort study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A study of 140 full- term infants (70 BF and 70 FF) was conducted at BMA ...
Hokama T - - 2005
A developmental test was carried out to evaluate the effect of iron deficiency anaemia on child development by using Bailey Scale of Infant Development (BSID) and Enjoji Scale of Infant Analytical development (ESID). The subjects were 54 children, divided into three groups. Group 1 consisted of 15 infants with anaemia; ...
Lönnerdal Bo - - 2005
Newborn infants are exposed to widely varying intakes of trace elements, but little is known about their ability to homeostatically adjust to these intakes. Recent discoveries of several metal ion transporters in the small intestine are likely to enhance our understanding of molecular mechanisms regulating trace element absorption. Iron absorption ...
Gregory Katherine - - 2005
Child health and development are contingent on sound nutrition during the neonatal period. The nutritional needs of all infants include adequate intake of fluid and energy; a balance among proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and proper vitamin and mineral intake. Preterm infants have similar nutritional requirements but demand more frequent assessment ...
Friel James K - - 2005
Iron supplementation may be associated with oxidative stress particularly in premature infants. Our purpose was to examine 1) early supplemental iron during treatment with erythropoietin (EPO) and oxidative stress; 2) enhanced iron absorption during EPO in those infants receiving human milk. Therefore, we determined the effect of erythropoietin plus supplemental ...
Armony-Sivan Rinat - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to examine the relation between iron status and neurobehavioral development in premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants born before 34 weeks postmenstrual age and who were medically stable were studied. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin < or =10 g/Dl and low iron stores as a serum ...
Fujiu Toru - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether a moderate dose of oral iron supplementation would further enhance erythropoiesis in recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO)-treated very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: In total, 24 preterm infants with birthweights 750-1499 g were enrolled at the age of 14-28 days to receive 400 IU/kg per week ...
Lind T T Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics, Umea University, Umea, Sweden. . - - 2004
Phytate decreases iron and zinc bioavailability and contributes to deficiencies of iron and zinc, potentially causing anaemia, poor psychomotor development, impaired growth and increased risk of diarrhoea and respiratory infections. To investigate whether a reduced dietary intake of phytate, either via extensively phytate-reduced infant cereals [milk cereal drinks (MCDs) and ...
Berseth Carol Lynn - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Survival rates for preterm infants who weigh between 501 and 1500 g at birth have continued to improve over time. In response to this continuing decrease in birth weight of surviving preterm infants, Enfamil Human Milk Fortifier has recently been reformulated to meet the nutritional requirements of these smaller, ...
Tondeur Mélody C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The use of microencapsulated ferrous fumarate sprinkles is a new approach for home fortification. Iron and hematologic status may affect the absorption of iron from sprinkles. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to measure the absorption (corrected erythrocyte incorporation of (57)Fe) of 2 different doses of iron from sprinkles added to ...
Hadler Maria-Claret C M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to identify risk factors of infant anemia and to assess a new indirect method to identify the risks of anemia using a probability curve based on dietary iron density and weight gain rate. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 110 term infants ...
Black Maureen M MM Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA. - - 2004
Iron and zinc deficiency are prevalent during infancy in low-income countries. The objectives were to examine whether a weekly supplement of iron, zinc, iron+zinc, or a micronutrient mix (MM) of 16 vitamins and minerals would alter infant development and behavior. The participants were 221 infants from rural Bangladesh at risk ...
Lind Torbjörn - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies of iron and zinc are associated with delayed development, growth faltering, and increased infectious-disease morbidity during infancy and childhood. Combined iron and zinc supplementation may therefore be a logical preventive strategy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the effects of combined iron and zinc supplementation ...
Bodnar Lisa M LM Department of Maternal and Child Health, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2004
Pregnancy and postpartum iron status is of great public health importance, yet few studies have examined predictors of haemoglobin (Hb) concentration during this time. We identified predictors of Hb from 24 weeks' gestation until delivery and from 4 to 25 weeks postpartum. Blood was drawn as many as four times ...
Crawley Jane - - 2004
Anemia is one of the commonest and most intractable public health problems in Africa. This paper illustrates how, in areas of stable malaria transmission, anemia is apparent from the first few months of life, with the highest prevalence towards the end of the first year. The antenatal and postnatal factors ...
Flatz Gebhard - - 2004
Hb E [beta26(B8)Glu-->Lys], is the most common abnormal hemoglobin (Hb) in Southeast Asian populations. The hitherto highest frequencies of the Hb E gene (HBB*E) in large population samples, approximately 0.3, were observed in the southern part of northeastern Thailand. The finding of even higher frequencies in a small, isolated Austroasiatic ...
Frost P A - - 2004
Over 23 months, zinc toxicosis was diagnosed in 35 baboons aged 5-12 months in one galvanized metal and concrete cage complex with conditions that led to excessive exposure to environmental zinc. Clinical signs included reduced pigmentation of hair, skin, and mucous membranes (whiteness), alopecia, dehydration, emaciation, cachexia, dermatitis, diarrhea and, ...
Sankaranarayanan Sandhya - - 2004
Iron deficiency is a public health problem in infancy. We assessed the efficacy of iron supplements in infants with inflammation on iron status and subsequent inflammation. This was a prospective, nested, case-control study of 6- to 12-mo-old infants participating in the International Research on Infant Supplementation study, Indonesia. Cases (n ...
Councell Terry B - - 2004
Tire-tread material has a zinc (Zn) content of about 1 wt %. The quantity of tread material lost to road surfaces by abrasion has not been well characterized. Two approaches were used to assess the magnitude of this nonpoint source of Zn in the U.S. for the period 1936-1999. In ...
Geltman Paul L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of multivitamins with iron as prophylaxis against iron deficiency and anemia in infancy. METHODS: The study was a double-blinded, randomized, pragmatic, clinical trial conducted at 3 urban primary care clinics. Subjects included healthy, full-term infants who were enrolled at ...
Arnon Shmuel - - 2004
Hemoglobin Taybe is an unstable alpha-chain hemoglobin variant caused by a deletion of a threonine residue at codon 38 or 39 of the alpha-1 globin chain. We describe preterm infant triplets born with hydrops fetalis and anemia who were found by DNA analysis to be homozygous for hemoglobin Taybe. All ...
Ezechukwu, CC; Department of ...
Objective: To establish the serum zinc levels in Nigerian children in the first six months of lactation. Materials and methods: This was a cross sectional study. Serum zinc levels were assessed in 120 healthy breast fed infants in the first six months of lactation. Atomic absorption spectrophotometer was used for ...
Ciccoli Lucia - - 2004
Iron is released in a desferrioxamine (DFO)-chelatable form when erythrocytes are challenged by an oxidative stress. The release is increased when an accelerated removal of erythrocytes occurs such as in perinatal period, in which iron release is greater in hypoxic than in non-hypoxic newborns. This suggests that an hypoxic environment ...
Emery Diane - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate the effect of maternal iron stores on the fetus in Maori and non-Maori neonates. METHODS: Paired samples of maternal venous and fetal cord blood were compared for haemoglobin, iron, and ferritin. Women were included who had no medical complications and were delivering by elective caesarian section at ...
Siddappa Ashajyothi M - - 2004
Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) are at risk for perinatal brain iron deficiency that may target the developing hippocampus. The objective of this study was to evaluate hippocampally based recognition memory and infant development in IDMs with suspected brain iron deficiency (BID; cord ferritin </=34 microg/L) compared with IDMs with ...
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