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Results 101 - 150 of 937
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Ziegler Ekhard E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although uncommon, iron deficiency (ID) occurs in breastfed infants. The regular provision of iron may prevent ID. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the feasibility and effectiveness of 2 modalities of providing iron (medicinal iron or iron-fortified cereal) to breastfed infants. The study tested the hypothesis that regular provision ...
Valentine Kevin - - 2009
To describe the clinical course and treatment of an infant with iron poisoning. Case report. Pediatric intensive care unit in a tertiary care children's hospital. A 7-week-old, ex-28-week premature infant, was accidentally poisoned with ferrous sulfate. She recovered completely from metabolic acidosis and shock after treatment with inotropes and chelation ...
Frontela Carmen - - 2009
AIM: To test the effect of the dephytinization of three different commercial infant cereals on iron, calcium, and zinc bioavailability by estimating the uptake, retention, and transport by Caco-2 cells. METHODS: Both dephytinized (by adding an exogenous phytase) and non-dephytinized infant cereals were digested using an in vitro digestion protocol ...
Monajemzadeh Seyed Mehdi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most common nutritional problems in the world, especially in developing countries. Infants aged between 4 and 24 months are among the population groups that are most affected by iron deficiency (ID). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence ...
Collard Keith J - - 2009
The regulation of the availability of micronutrients is particularly critical during periods of rapid growth and differentiation such as the fetal and neonatal stages. Both iron deficiency and excess during the early weeks of life can have severe effects on neurodevelopment that may persist into adulthood and may not be ...
Coe Christopher L - - 2009
Both during and after a period of iron deficiency (ID), iron-dependent neural processes are affected, which raises the potential concern that the anemia commonly experienced by many growing infants could have a protracted effect on the developing brain. To further investigate the effects of ID on the immature brain, 49 ...
Arnon Shmuel - - 2009
On the basis of preliminary data, this larger bi-institutional continuation trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of early iron supplementation in preterm infants calls attention to the levels of vitamin E, a marker of antioxidant activity, during iron treatment. A total of 116 preterm infants were randomly assigned to receive ...
Rao Raghavendra - - 2009
Preterm infants are at risk for both iron deficiency and iron overload. The role of iron in multiple organ functions suggests that iron supplementation is essential for the preterm infant. Conversely, the potential for iron overload and the poorly developed antioxidant measures in the preterm infant argue against indiscriminate iron ...
Khademloo M - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of weekly and daily iron supplementation in 6 to 24 months infants. One-hundred Infants enrolled into this randomized controlled field trail. Fifteen drops was prescribed for the group who received daily supplementation of iron and 30 drops was prescribed for ...
Meyer Rosan - - 2009
The mainstay of nutrition in infants below six months of age is breast and/or formula milk. Infants aged between six and 12 months require additional sources of nutrition and numerous oral and developmental milestones have to be achieved to support normal development of feeding skills. Requirements increase during this period ...
Marcì Marcello - - 2009
We report about an infant affected by dilated cardiomyopathy (CMP) in whom metabolic investigations evidenced medium-chain-acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD), that is one of three types of inherited disorders of mitochondrial fatty-acid beta-oxidation. Long-chain and very long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficits are recognized as responsible of hypertrophic or, less frequently, dilated ...
Radlović Nedeljko - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Secondary lactose intolerance (SLI) belongs to the rarer manifestations of gluten-sensitive enteropathy (GSE). It occurs in more severe forms of the disease and its presence contributes significantly to the degree of its expression. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to determine the frequency of SLI in infants with ...
Geltman Paul L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether low-income infants' adherence to nutritional supplementation with ferrous fumarate sprinkles was better than that with ferrous sulfate drops. STUDY DESIGN: The study was a randomized clinical trial of healthy 6-month-old infants. Each infant received either a daily packet of sprinkles or a dropperful of liquid. Follow-up ...
Ziegler Ekhard E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In breastfed infants, iron deficiency at <6 mo of life, although uncommon, is observed in industrialized countries. Iron supplementation starting at an early age may prevent iron deficiency. OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the effect of early iron supplementation of breastfed infants and tested the hypothesis that iron supplementation enhances ...
Domellöf Magnus - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Iron supplements are commonly recommended for infants but were suggested to inhibit zinc and copper absorption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate potential effects of iron supplementation, infant age, and mineral status on zinc and copper absorption in infants at 6 and 9 mo of age. ...
Llanos Miguel N - - 2009
The objectives of this study were: to measure some essential metals and toxicants in placentas of mothers delivering neonates with fetal growth restriction, and to establish potential associations between environmental adverse stimulus and antioxidant protective mechanisms. Placentas of 20 mothers delivering neonates with low birth weight (<2500g) and normal birth ...
Chaparro Camila M - - 2008
Iron deficiency is estimated to be the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide and is particularly persistent among infants and children. The high prevalence of anemia in 6- to 9-mo-old children raises the concern that birth iron stores in some infants are inadequate to sustain growth and development through the first ...
Beard John L - - 2008
Infants who experience iron deficiency during the first 6-12 mo of life are likely to experience persistent effects of the deficiency that alter functioning in adulthood. A lack of sufficient iron intake may significantly delay the development of the central nervous system as a result of alterations in morphology, neurochemistry, ...
Angotti Lauren B - - 2008
We present a case of pancytopenia in a 9-month-old infant with total parenteral nutrition (TPN) dependence due to short bowel syndrome. Bone marrow examination revealed left-shifted myeloid maturation, erythroid and myeloid dysplasia with normal iron stores. Serum copper level was 2 microm/dl (normal range 90-190 mcg/dl). After supplementation, copper levels ...
Clerk Christine Alexandra - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The use of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) for intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) is threatened by the spread of resistance to SP. Therefore, we studied the efficacy, safety, and tolerance of amodiaquine (AQ) or the combination of AQ and SP (SPAQ) as possible alternative treatments. METHODS: The study was performed ...
Dijkhuizen Marjoleine A - - 2008
Data from 4 randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials in Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam, the South-East Asian Multicountry Trial on Iron and Zinc supplementation in Infants (SEAMTIZI), were pooled to investigate the effects of iron and zinc supplementation infant growth. Infants (n = 2451) aged 4-6 mo old were supplemented with iron ...
Dee Deborah L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Primary prevention of iron deficiency requires adequate iron intake. Although recommendations exist to promote adequate intake of iron among infants through iron-rich foods and iron supplements, few studies have examined adherence to these recommendations. Our objectives were to describe the consumption of iron-rich foods, oral iron supplements, and iron-fortified ...
Insel Beverly J - - 2008
Iron is essential for brain development and functioning. Emerging evidence suggests that iron deficiency in early life leads to long-lasting neural and behavioral deficits in infants and children. Adopting a life course perspective, we examined the effects of early iron deficiency on the risk of schizophrenia in adulthood. To determine ...
Kasper David C - - 2009
In the early weeks of life, very low birth weight (VLBW) infants experience intense laboratory blood sampling leading to clinically significant anemia and the need for red blood cell transfusion. Although controversial, treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) and iron has been recommended to stimulate erythropoiesis; optimal dosing of EPO ...
Olivares Manuel - - 2008
Serum or plasma copper and ceruloplasmin concentrations are the most widely used laboratory indicators to evaluate copper status. Both indicators are decreased in moderate or severe copper deficiency. The activity of several cuproenzymes is decreased in mild copper deficiency. However, their use is limited by the nonexistence of standardized assays ...
Puiman Patrycja - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The impact of neonatal nutrition on the health status of the newborn and incidence of disease in later life is a topic of intense interest. Animal models are an invaluable tool to identify mechanisms that mediate the effect of nutrition on neonatal development and metabolic function. This ...
Lönnerdal Bo - - 2008
Stable-isotope studies in human infants and adults have shown that copper homeostasis occurs, but the contribution of the small intestine to this regulation is still not well understood. Copper first needs to be reduced to the cuprous form, most likely by Steap proteins on the apical membrane. Copper is subsequently ...
da Costa Gildene Alves - - 2008
This study evaluated nutritional status linked to zinc levels in 239 randomly selected children at crèches in Teresina, Brazil, aged 3 to 6. Blood samples were collected after fasting of 10 h. Erythrocytary zinc levels were determined through flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Zinc deficiency was determined as below 40 microg ...
Shaker Marcus - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-benefit profile of reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CHr) with hemoglobin (Hb) alone and Hb as a component of the complete blood count (CBC) for detection and treatment of iron deficiency in 9- to 12-month-old infants. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort simulations were used to compare CHr with Hb from ...
Monterrosa Eva C - - 2008
Iron deficiency (ID) is prevalent among infants world-wide and may be more likely among infants born to women living in disadvantaged environments. A strategy to address ID in this context is to feed iron-fortified formula, but this may create risk for gastrointestinal (GI) infection. Our objective was to investigate the ...
Ahmadi Amir Hossein - - 2008
This study was carried out with the aim of evaluating the prevalence of G6PD deficiency, the prevalence of hemolysis with enzyme deficiency and determining the severity of icterus in the hospitalized newborns in our hospital. This prospective descriptive study has been conducted on 1018 icteric newborns admitted to the Bo-Ali ...
Fitch Cindy W - - 2008
This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency among a group of infants (6 to 11.9 months) and toddlers (12 to 24 months) and to examine the relationship between dietary intake and iron status. Participants were recruited from WIC clinics in counties where the prevalence of ...
Nesrallah Gihad E - - 2008
Extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) expansion in hemodialysis patients is associated with increased mortality. Attempts to remove excess fluid often result in intradialytic hypotension (IDH). Blood volume monitoring has been used to aid selection of ultrafiltration rates and dialysate conductivity to minimize IDH. Automating ultrafiltration and dialysate conductivity using the Hemocontrol ...
Graves Reese - - 2008
Cefdinir, a third-generation oral cephalosporin frequently used in pediatric populations, may cause red stools when administered with iron or products that contain iron, such as infant formula. This benign side effect is not well documented in the medical literature. We describe a 7-month-old girl who was evaluated for red stools ...
Lind Torbjörn - - 2008
BACKGROUND: General iron supplementation to prevent iron deficiency in infants who are iron sufficient when starting supplementation may adversely affect their health. OBJECTIVE: A secondary analysis to explore the effect of iron supplementation on iron-replete (IR; Hb > or =113 g/L and S-ferritin > or =33 microg/L) or non-iron-replete 6-month-old ...
Ayala Rosalva - - 2008
Direct evidence of CNS developmental alterations in iron-deficient anaemic (IDA) infants was obtained. Twenty 3-15-month-old IDA and 20 non-IDA infants (age and gender matched), healthy in every other respect, were studied. Complete blood and iron kinetics tests determined an IDA status. Psychomotor development was assessed through the test of Rogers ...
Wachs Theodore D - - 2008
Intra-individual variability (IIV) refers to relatively stable differences between individuals in the degree to which they show behavioral fluctuations over relatively short time periods. Using temperament as a conceptual framework the structure, stability, and biological roots of IIV were assessed over the first year of life. Biological roots were defined ...
Adu-Afarwuah Seth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies are common during infancy, and optimal approaches for their prevention need to be identified. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare the efficacy and acceptability of Sprinkles (SP), crushable Nutritabs (NT), and fat-based Nutributter (NB; 108 kcal/d), which provide 6, 16, and 19 vitamins and minerals, respectively, when ...
Shouman B O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Iron delocalization or misregulation of iron metabolism may play a critical role in the pathology of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). OBJECTIVE: To study iron metabolism and lipid peroxidation in newborn infants and to correlate non-protein-bound iron (NPBI) concentration with the severity of the post-asphyxial injury and subsequent short-term outcomes. ...
Kumar Ashok - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to assess the effect of severe maternal iron-deficiency anemia and nutritional status on cord blood and breast milk iron status. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study over a 6-month period in a teaching hospital in central India. The study population consisted of ...
Shafir Tal - - 2008
Iron deficiency (ID) during early development impairs myelination and basal ganglia function in animal models. To examine the effects of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and iron deficiency (ID) without anemia on infant motor skills that are likely related to myelination and basal ganglia function. Observational study. Full-term inner-city African-American 9- ...
Fernandes Sandra Maria Rodrigues - - 2008
GOALS: To verify the occurrence of occult intestinal blood loss and iron deficiency in infants aged 9 to 12 months. STUDY: A consecutive sample of 98 infants of the Pediatric Public Health Primary Care Unit in the town of Arapongas, Parana State, Brazil was involved in this cross-sectional study. Dietary ...
Barker David J P - - 2008
This symposium focused on the window of opportunity for nutritional interventions to prevent chronic disease. Following a recommendation by the UN Standing Committee on Nutrition, 2006, the window of opportunity was defined as the period from conception to 2 years after birth. We discussed what is known and what needs ...
Bamberg Richard - - 2008
Infants and toddlers are particularly vulnerable to developing iron deficiency, which can cause irreversible deficits in neurodevelopment. Children at highest risk include premature and low birth weight infants, those who are fed cow's milk rather than breast milk or formula prior to age one, and those who drink large amounts ...
Rim HuiYong - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the iron status of infants who consumed porridge cooked in water with added ferrous sulphate. A total of 234 infants, aged 6-12 months, were recruited from 36 nurseries in the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK North Korea) and randomly divided into ...
Xing J P - - 2008
Efficient root-to-shoot translocation is a key trait of the zinc/cadmium hyperaccumulators Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi praecox, but the extent of variation among different accessions and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Root-to-shoot translocation of Cd and Zn and apoplastic bypass flow were determined in 10 accessions of T. caerulescens and one ...
Raj Shashi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Can exclusive breastfeeding until six months of age maintain optimum iron status in term babies? We evaluated iron status of exclusively breastfed term infants in relation to breast milk iron and lactoferrin. METHODS: In this prospective study in Delhi, India, during the period 2003-2004 normally delivered babies of non-anemic ...
Honzík T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Zinc is an essential trace element for the immune system. The zinc deficiency diminishes antibody- and cell-mediated responses in man. Lymphopenia and thymic atrophy are usually the early hallmarks of zinc deficiency. Surprisingly, only scarce data are available about polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) functions in infants with zinc deficiency. We ...
Mäkelä Enni - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe the natural kinetics of serum soluble transferrin receptor (S-TfR), ferritin and reticulocyte indices in preterm neonates, and to find out whether these analytes relate to hematocrit (Hct) level in determining the need for red cell (RBC) transfusions. METHODS: During a 2-year ...
Iolascon A - - 2008
DMT1 deficiency causes microcytic hypochromic anemia due to decreased erythroid iron utilization. Anemia is present from birth. Transferrin saturation is high and serum ferritin is mildly elevated, despite liver iron overload. DMT1 deficiency must be considered in the differential diagnosis of microcytic hypochromic anemia observed in the newborn period.
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