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Thyoka Mandela - - 2011
A diverting jejunostomy without bowel resection is an option for surgical management of extensive necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We aimed to determine outcomes of infants who underwent this operation. We collected clinical and outcome data on infants undergoing a diverting jejunostomy with no bowel resection as a primary procedure for extensive ...
Long Anna-May - - 2011
Although gastroschisis infants usually have a good outcome, there remains a cohort of babies who fare poorly. We inquired whether the presence of bowel dilatation in utero is predictive of postnatal course in infants with gastroschisis. We compared the clinical course of infants who had bowel dilatation with those who ...
Swenson A W - - 2011
Objective:We evaluated the effect of late preterm delivery (34 to 36 weeks) on hospital mortality of infants with congenital heart defects (CHDs).Study Design:Retrospective record review of infants with major CHD born at or after to 34 weeks, cared for in a single tertiary perinatal center between 2002 and 2009. Factors ...
Aubuchon-Endsley Nicki L NL Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA. - - 2011
Male and female infants from rural Ethiopia were tested to investigate relations among hemoglobin (Hb), anthropometry, and attention. A longitudinal design was used to examine differences in attention performance from 6 (M = 24.9 weeks, n = 89) to 9 months of age (M = 40.6 weeks, n = 85), ...
Reddy V R Sudha - - 2011
Parasitic conjoined twins are rare variations of abnormal conjoined twinning. A case of asymmetric conjoined twins is presented in which the incomplete parasite was attached to the sacrococcygeal region of the normal twin (autosite). The parasitic twin had a rudimentary bony hemipelvis, both lower limbs with gross deformities of right ...
Darcy Janel M JM Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1084, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to document risk factors for depressive symptoms during the postpartum period among working mothers and to determine longitudinal effects of depressive symptoms on maternal health-related quality of life and infant health and development. Mother-infant dyads from a community-based cohort study of working mothers were ...
Tich Sylvie Nguyen The - - 2011
To explore perinatal correlates of 3 simple measures of brain size, known as metrics, in very preterm infants at term-equivalent age and their relationship to 2-year neurodevelopmental outcomes. Prospective cohort study of preterm infants born at a gestational age of less than 30 weeks or a weight of less than ...
Reyes J A - - 2011
A recent increase in the number of infants presenting at autopsy with rib fractures associated with cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) precipitated a study to determine whether such a phenomenon was related to recent revision of paediatric resuscitation guidelines. We conducted a review of autopsy reports from 1997 to 2008 on 571 ...
South A P - - 2011
Objective:Infants with gastroschisis have significant perinatal morbidity including long hospitalizations and feeding intolerance. Two thirds are premature and 20% are growth restricted. Despite these known risk factors for post-natal complications, little is known about readmission for infants with gastroschisis. Our objective was to determine the frequency and indication for hospital ...
Rodrigo María José - - 2011
This investigation examined the neural and personality correlates of processing infant facial expressions in mothers with substantiated neglect of a child under 5 years old. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 14 neglectful and 14 control mothers as they viewed and categorized pictures of infant cries, laughs, and neutral faces. ...
Ukpong D I - - 2011
This was a cross-sectional prospective study of 57 mothers of pre-term infants consecutively recruited from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa, Nigeria, between April and August 2009. The mothers were screened for psychological morbidity using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30), and the Hospital Anxiety and ...
Corpeleijn Willemijn E - - 2011
Infants born prematurely have an enhanced intestinal permeability compared to healthy term infants. This enhanced permeability might be a contributing factor in the development of Necrotising Enterocolitis. The assessment of intestinal permeability in premature neonates with sugar absorption tests has been proven to be safe and of minimal burden to ...
Fanos Vassilios - - 2011
Although the prophylactic administration of indomethacin in extremely low-birth weight infants reduces the frequency of patent ductus arteriosus and severe intraventricular hemorrhage, it does not appear to provide any long-term benefit in terms of survival without neurosensory and cognitive outcomes. Considering the increased drug-induced reduction in renal, intestinal, and cerebral ...
Kaplan Heather C - - 2011
Proposed neonatal quality measures have included structural measures such as average daily census, and outcome measures such as mortality and rates of complications of prematurity. However, process measures have remained largely unexamined. The objective of this research was to examine variation in surfactant use as a possible process measure of ...
Holditch-Davis Diane - - 2010
We examined which components of maternal role attainment (identity, presence, competence) influenced quality of parenting for 72 medically fragile infants, controlling for maternal education and infant illness severity. Maternal competence was related to responsiveness. Maternal presence and technology dependence were inversely related to participation. Greater competence and maternal education were ...
Holditch-Davis Diane - - 2011
We examined which components of maternal role attainment (identity, presence, competence) influenced quality of parenting for 72 medically fragile infants, controlling for maternal education and infant illness severity. Maternal competence was related to responsiveness. Maternal presence and technology dependence were inversely related to participation. Greater competence and maternal education were ...
Blosky Mary Ann - - 2010
Background: Preterm birth disparities with their associated geographic, socioeconomic status and race/ethnicity factors are among the most widely recognized and least understood phenomena in the study of reproductive health. Previous studies have focused on total cost; few studies have disaggregated total charges into their components for both the preterm infants ...
Quinn Paul C - - 2010
Past research has shown that variation in the target objects depicting a given spatial relation disrupts the formation of a category representation for that relation. In the current research, we asked whether changing the orientation of the referent frame depicting the spatial relation would also disrupt the formation of a ...
Jaber Lutfi - - 2010
We prospectively compared the efficacy and safety of iron deficiency anemia prophylaxis with iron gluconate (IG) or iron polymaltose complex (IPC) in healthy infants attending a community pediatric center. Participants were randomly assigned to receive one of the test drugs from age 4 to 6 months to age 12 months. ...
Angulo-Barroso Rosa M - - 2010
Motor development, which allows infants to explore their environment, promoting cognitive, social, and perceptual development, can be influenced by cultural practices and nutritional factors, such as iron deficiency. This study compared fine and gross motor development in 209 9-month-old infants from urban areas of China, Ghana, and USA (African-Americans) and ...
Phu Pham Van - - 2010
To investigate whether an intervention including micronutrient-fortified complementary foods can improve iron status, we conducted a randomized controlled trial in 5-mo-old Vietnamese infants (n = 246). Villages (n = 29) were randomly divided into those receiving instant flour (FF) or a food complement (FC) both fortified with micronutrients or nothing ...
Baker Robert D - - 2010
This clinical report covers diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia in infants (both breastfed and formula fed) and toddlers from birth through 3 years of age. Results of recent basic research support the concerns that iron-deficiency anemia and iron deficiency without anemia during infancy and childhood can ...
Eneroth Hanna - - 2011
Aim:  To estimate the prevalence of infant anaemia and its association with iron deficiency, growth, infection and other micronutrient deficiencies. Methods:  Using data from MINIMat, a randomized maternal food and micronutrient supplementation trial, we assessed the associations between anaemia (haemoglobin < 105 g/L) in 580 infants at 6 months and deficiencies of iron, vitamin ...
Tsuji Megumi - - 2011
5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) deficiency is the most prevalent inborn error of folate metabolism, and has variable clinical manifestations from asymptomatic to severe psychomotor retardation, microcephalus and seizure. In untreated infantile cases, it predominantly affects the central nervous system, which is sometimes fatal. On the other hand, peripheral nerve involvement is ...
Lozoff Betsy B Center for Human Growth and Development, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, 300 N Ingalls, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5406, USA. - - 2010
Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with alterations in infant behavior and development that may not be corrected with iron therapy. To determine if a home-based intervention to foster child development improves behavior and development of infants with IDA. Infants with IDA and nonanemic infants aged 6 and 12 months were ...
Kitajima Junko - - 2011
Premature newborns are vulnerable to iron imbalance, although the iron homeostasis during the perinatal period remains unclear. To clarify the iron metabolism of premature infants, we measured serum prohepcidin concentrations of preterm infants, and analyzed the association with iron parameters. Seventy-one (61 preterm and 10 term) infants were enrolled for ...
Berglund Staffan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Low birth weight infants are at risk for iron deficiency (ID). Most LBW infants have marginally low birth weight (MLBW, 2000-2500 g) and it is not known whether they benefit from iron supplements. The objective of this trial was to study the effects of iron supplementation in MLBW infants. ...
Tatlican Semih - - 2010
Acrodermatitis enteropathica is a rare and distinct form of zinc deficiency with a requirement of life-long zinc supplementation and inherited in a recessive manner. Transient nutritional zinc deficiency is also a well known condition mimicking acrodermatitis enteropathica like skin changes in preterm and term infants who are generally breastfed with ...
Wieringa F T - - 2010
Micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent worldwide, and a major cause of infant death. Supplementation with multiple micronutrients during pregnancy might improve micronutrient status of the newborn, thereby reducing morbidity and death. Moreover, maternal supplementation might affect the newborn's immune development. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of maternal zinc and β-carotene ...
Carter R Colin RC Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2010
This study examined effects of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) on specific domains of infant cognitive function and the role of IDA-related socioemotional deficits in mediating and/or moderating these effects. Infants were recruited during routine 9-month visits to an inner-city clinic. IDA was defined as hemoglobin level <110 g/L with > ...
Barbarot Sébastien - - 2010
Zinc is a cofactor for several enzymes involved in many metabolisms. Zinc deficiency induces various disorders such as acrodermatitis enteropathica, either inherited or acquired. We report three cases of premature infants (24-31 wks gestational age) with low birthweight (650 to 940 g) and enteropathy, two of whom presented with necrotizing ...
Dube Katharina - - 2010
Breastfed infants may be at particular risk for iron deficiency because breast milk is low in iron. In a secondary analysis of data from a complementary feeding trial, indicators of iron status were examined, with particular focus on the development of iron status in those infants who were fully breastfed ...
Bilenko Natalya - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The rates of anemia in children in southern Israel are high despite the current prevention strategy. A daily dose of "Sprinkles" (SuppleForte, Heinz, Canada), a micronutrient home supplementation, was proven effective for the treatment of anemia worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of Sprinkles, a novel supplementation formulation, in ...
Titaley Christiana R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In nonmalaria regions, iron/folic acid supplementation during pregnancy protects newborns against preterm delivery and early neonatal death. Other studies from malaria-endemic areas have reported an adverse effect of iron supplements on malaria prevalence in pregnant women. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between iron/folic acid supplements and prenatal antimalaria prophylaxis ...
Armony-Sivan Rinat R Department of Psychology, Ashkelon Academic College, Ashkelon, 78109, Israel. - - 2010
This study was conducted to compare quality of mother-infant interaction during feeding in infants with or without iron-deficiency anemia (IDA). Infants and caregivers were screened at their 9- to 10-month-old health maintenance visits at an inner-city clinic in Detroit. Those who were full-term and healthy received a venipuncture blood sample ...
Kon Noriko - - 2010
Our purpose was to evaluate iron status and neurodevelopmental outcomes in infants with and without extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR). This observational study evaluated 38 medically stable premature infants, with birth weights below 1500g. Iron status was determined by measuring venous levels of Hb, Fe, and serum ferritin. The infants were ...
Azeredo Catarina Machado - - 2010
To assess the effectiveness of weekly and daily schemes of preventive supplementation with supplementary iron to prevent iron deficiency anemia in non-anemic infants. A prospective population study with a quantitative approach and preventive intervention was performed in the city of Viçosa, Southeastern Brazil, in 2007-8. A total of 103 non-anemic ...
Lozoff Betsy - - 2010
Iron deficiency has been shown to impair dopamine functioning in rodent models, but it is challenging to obtain evidence of such effects in human infants. Because spontaneous eye-blink rate may provide a noninvasive assessment of dopamine functioning, we hypothesized that eye-blink rate would be lower in infants with iron-deficiency anemia ...
Iannotti Lora L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To test whether zinc supplementation during pregnancy would reduce infant morbidity rates. STUDY DESIGN: A double-blind, randomized controlled trial of prenatal zinc supplementation was conducted from 1995 to 1997 in a periurban slum of Lima, Peru. Participants were randomly assigned to receive daily supplementation with zinc (15 mg zinc ...
Arnon S - - 2010
To reassess iron supplementation practice safety in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants receiving restrictive red blood cell transfusions during initial hospitalization. Iron status, including hemoglobin (Hb), serum iron, ferritin, and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels and reticulocyte count of transfused (n=236) and non-transfused (n=166) preterm infants at ≤24 h ...
Al Khaja K A J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Infants and children are at a high risk for medication errors. OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study was conducted to determine the type and prevalence of prescribing errors related to pediatric iron preparations prescribed in primary care in Bahrain. METHODS: Prescriptions issued for infants and collected at 20 health center pharmacies ...
Griffin Ian - - 2010
There is little data on iron retention in healthy preterm infants. Twenty-four metabolic balance studies were carried out in 13 preterm infants between 17 and 63 days of age, in 11 cases 2 balance were carried out 7d apart. Iron intake was 1.11 mg/kg/day (SD 0.06), less than the 2 ...
Islam M N MN Department of Pediatrics, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. - - 2010
To compare the effect of oral zinc supplementation on growth of preterm infants. Randomized controlled trial. Dhaka Shisu Hospital (Tertiary care hospital). 100 appropriate for date preterm infants weighing between 1000 to 2500 g were randomized to receive zinc and multivitamin supplement (Group I; n=50) or only multivitamin supplement (Group ...
Soubasi V - - 2010
AIM: The objectives of the present study were to determine whether or not increased serum ferritin in women with premature labour is associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) and, if so, whether or not such increased levels reflect excess maternal iron stores, and have an ...
Titaley Christiana R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between antenatal care, iron and folic acid supplementation and tetanus toxoid vaccination during pregnancy in Indonesia and the risk of early neonatal death (death in days 0-6 of life). METHODS: We analysed pooled data on neonatal survival in singleton infants born in the 5 years ...
Dorak M Tevfik - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Our original studies reported an association between the iron-metabolism gene HFE and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and a birth weight association in ALL. Through its effect on cell proliferation, iron is involved in both fetal development and cancer. We hypothesize that HFE links higher infant birth ...
Mandato F - - 2009
A 15-week-old baby girl, born at the 29 week of gestation, presented with a four-week history of demarcated, erythematous, erosive and exudative patches on the perianal, perioral and acral areas. A clinical diagnosis of zinc deficiency was considered. Serum zinc level was decreased (0.5 mg/L; normal 0.70-1.50 mg/L), the mother's ...
Amin Sanjiv B SB Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA. - - 2010
To determine whether cord ferritin (CF) concentration, an index of in utero iron status, is associated with auditory neural maturation in premature infants. A prospective cohort study was performed to compare auditory neural maturation in infants with latent iron deficiency (CF 11-75 ng/mL) and infants with normal iron status (CF ...
Dolphin Alexis E - - 2009
Despite attempts to use zinc (Zn) concentrations in hard tissues to comment upon the degree of carnivory in past populations, zinc has yielded inconsistent trophic level effects. The question of what, if anything, zinc in human enamel reveals regarding past diets is the focus of this research. We test whether ...
Hsieh Meng-Han - - 2009
BACKGROUND: One of the most common complications in infants under parenteral nutrition treatment is parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC). The etiology of PNAC is thought to be multifactorial. The aims of this study were to evaluate the risk factors for PNAC in our neonatal intensive care unit and determine useful predictors. ...
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