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Lehmann F - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia among 1-year-old infants of disadvantaged families in Montreal as well as certain predictors of this condition. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Five poorest health districts in Montreal. PARTICIPANTS: Infants 10 to 14 months of age were identified from registration lists of births ...
Dickson N - - 1992
A community study was designed to establish the prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia in the infants of Cambodian refugees in Dunedin. Nineteen infants between the ages of three and 19 months were identified belonging to this population and 18 had a full blood count and/or serum ferritin ...
Adams P C - - 1992
A review of 57 families with hereditary hemochromatosis revealed three pairs of HLA-identical, sex-matched siblings in which the younger sibling demonstrated considerably more iron loading than the older sibling. Liver biopsy, chemical hepatic iron determination, iron absorption studies, and number of venesections required were used to support these observations. Nineteen ...
Chen M C - - 1992
We have described a a 23-year-old black woman with sickle cell beta-thalassemia who had a urinary tract infection and who was incidentally found to be pancytopenic. Although her anemia was categorized as "normocytic, normochromic" by an electronic particle counter, evaluation of the pancytopenia confirmed unsuspected pernicious anemia. Greater vigilance and ...
Gofin R - - 1992
In order to determine the trends in haemoglobin (Hb) levels and the prevalence of anaemia in infancy in an entire community, 3,147 infants aged 9-11 months attending the Mother and Child Health Clinics of the teaching and research Health Center in Kiryat Hayovel, Jerusalem, were examined. From 1971 to 1979 ...
SriVatsa L P - - 1992
A delayed or immature transmission dynamics of an otherwise diffuse mesolimbic catecholamine circuit is suggested to be the reason behind lack of pupillary activity and reflex often observed in infants less than one year of age. This deficiency is known to be fully compensated in later years following a growing ...
de Roy van Zuidewijn D B - - 1992
The effects of parenteral nutrition on the healing of experimental ileal and colonic anastomoses constructed on the 3rd day of a 5-day cytostatics course were investigated. Intravenous saline alone already reduced weight loss induced by cytostatics while parenteral nutrition almost completely prevented postoperative loss of weight. A negative effect of ...
Fuller N J - - 1992
The former practice of giving 1 mg (2.27 mumoles) oral folic acid daily to premature infants receiving enteral feeds was assessed with respect to zinc status in Cambridge, United Kingdom. A group of 60 preterm infants, 80% of whom were receiving 1 mg oral folic acid daily, were studied for ...
Maestri N E - - 1991
We present a diagnostic and therapeutic protocol designed to prevent clinical expression of inborn errors of urea synthesis in the neonatal period, and discuss the long-term developmental outcome of survivors. The families of 32 infants, among 43 identified prenatally as being at risk for a urea cycle disorder, chose to ...
Kuramoto Y - - 1991
Zinc deficiency in breast-fed infants is a rare disease caused by a low level of zinc in their mother's milk. Premature infants are more vulnerable to develop zinc deficiency than full-term infants because, despite their high zinc requirements, they have insufficient body stores of zinc and a poor capability to ...
Giulietti M - - 1991
Iron deficiency anemia is a human health problem of global significance, particularly as it affects pregnant women and infants. While the study of nonhuman primates has resulted in valuable knowledge about iron metabolism, hematologic and biochemical reference ranges for the parameters of iron metabolism are difficult to document in healthy ...
Barnard J A JA - - 1991
A 21-day-old infant presented with anemia, conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, hypoproteinemia, and a severe coagulopathy. The hospital course was marked by progressive hepatic failure, encephalopathy, and renal insufficiency. The infant died on day 15 of hospitalization. Postmortem examination showed diffuse hepatic fibrosis and marked siderosis of the liver, pancreas, kidney, adrenal glands, ...
Huston R K - - 1991
We attempted to study the effect of selenium supplementation upon trace metal metabolism in low-birthweight infants less than 1000 g birthweight. Serum levels of the trace metals copper, zinc, and selenium; and white blood cell glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were measured in conjunction with the trace ...
Irigoyen M - - 1991
In spite of the declining prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia, a large proportion of low-income infants have "low-normal" (11-11.5 g/dL) and "low" (less than 11 g/dL) hemoglobin (Hgb) values. Because most of these infants are fed iron-fortified formulas, it was of interest whether additional iron supplementation would enhance Hgb values. A ...
Bhargava M - - 1991
Haemoglobin and ferritin estimations employing the micro-ELISA technique were done in 308 random selected mothers in labour and their newborns. The values of haemoglobin and serum ferritin as well as birth weight and gestation of babies born to iron depleted, and mildly and moderately anaemic mothers were no different from ...
Ware R E - - 1991
The distinction between transient erythroblastopenia of childhood (TEC) and congenital red cell aplasia (Blackfan-Diamond anemia) is usually possible at presentation using clinical and laboratory data. When hypoplastic anemia occurs in the first year of life, however, the distinction is more difficult. We describe 7 infants with hypoplastic anemia who illustrate ...
Witt C S - - 1991
Immune function was studied in Papua New Guinea highland infants with pneumonia, healthy highland controls and expatriate controls under the age of 15 months. Delayed-type hypersensitivity to tuberculin was depressed in highland pneumonia patients and highland controls as were CD4/CD8 T-lymphocyte ratios. The differences between highland and expatriate infants were ...
Pizarro F - - 1991
The objective of this study was to evaluate the benefit of screening for anemia in infants in relation to their previous diet. The iron status of 854 nine-month-old infants on three different feeding regimens and on a regimen including iron dextran injection was determined by analysis of hemoglobin, serum ferritin, ...
Mayatepek E - - 1991
An infant with X-linked recessive ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency is described who also had severe deficiency of plasma and liver carnitine during normoammonemic periods. Treatment with L-carnitine (100 mg/kg/day) for 12 months decreased the frequency of hospitalizations for hyperammonemia, although it did not alter his neurologic status. This report demonstrates that ...
Barclay S M - - 1991
Erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (ESOD) activity reflects copper utilization and the risk of copper deficiency. To investigate the possible effects of inorganic iron on the metabolism of copper in low birth weight infants, we have measured ESOD activities in three groups of infants receiving different iron supplements. Fifty-five low birth weight ...
Blum M - - 1991
In a group of 34 parous women, mean age 36.2 years, fitted with a copper-releasing IUD (18 with Multiload 250 or 375, and 16 with Nova T) the following parameters were assessed before and 4 months after the device insertion: hemoglobin, hematocrit, iron and ferritin. The only complaint of all ...
Schulz-Lell G - - 1991
Iron balance studies were performed in 16 term infants from their 3rd until their 17th week of life. The balance studies were performed at home and comprised five periods with an interval of 3 to 4 weeks, each consisting of three 24-hour collections of milk and stool samples. Seven infants ...
Hemminki E - - 1991
This trial compares routine and selective iron supplementation during pregnancy to determine whether routine supplementation adversely affects fetal growth, increases infections and subjective adverse effects, and/or delays birth. At their first prenatal visit, 2912 pregnant women were randomized into two groups (2694 gave birth). Compliance was satisfactory as measured by ...
Lankarani S - - 1991
Nutritional problems in Fars province, Iran were reviewed. The commonest problems are protein-energy malnutrition, growth retardation, zinc and iron deficiencies. Several factors have contributed to malnutrition in this province such as food habits, low intake of some nutrients, high rate of illiteracy and unsound infant feeding practices. Preventive programmes to ...
Lao T T - - 1991
The haemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin, haematocrit, serum iron and total iron binding capacity, and serum ferritin concentrations in umbilical cord blood samples taken from 96 appropriate-for-gestational age infants delivered at term were measured and compared to the respective maternal values measured at 36 weeks' gestation. All the ...
Wolf B - - 1991
Neonatal screening for biotinidase deficiency has been conducted in 14 countries since 1984. To 31 December 1990, 8,532,617 newborns were screened. One hundred and forty-two infants with biotinidase deficiency were identified; 76 infants with profound deficiency (less than 10% of mean normal serum activity) and 66 infants with partial deficiency ...
Cavdar A O - - 1991
The authors report a case of nutritional zinc deficiency in a young (18-year-old) Turkish woman, who previously delivered 2 anencephalic stillborn infants. The patient was supplemented with 22.5 mg oral zinc sulfate (100 mg ZnSO4.7H2O) for 5 months after her second delivery prior to her third pregnancy. Her blood (plasma ...
Javaid N - - 1991
The interactions between infections, malnutrition and poor iron nutritional status in infants at weaning ages are poorly defined. Therefore, four groups of infants from an area with a high incidence of malnutrition (Lahore, Pakistan) were enrolled in a prospective, randomized nutritional intervention study. Between 122 and 365 days of age, ...
Power H M - - 1991
We conducted a randomized double-blind trial of a cow's milk infant formula with increased iron fortification in order to confirm its safety and to measure its effects on iron status and immune function. A group of full-term, well nourished and healthy infants was followed from the age of 3 months ...
Sun J D - - 1990
A prospective study on the effect of prenatal nutrition counseling on maternal nutrition status and infant birthweight was conducted at an antenatal care clinic by comparing a group of 80 women who attended nutrition counseling sessions with another group of 63 women who did not participate in nutrition counseling (controls). ...
Hertrampf E - - 1990
We tested in the field an extruded rice flour, fortified with a bovine haemoglobin concentrate (Fe:14 mg/100 g of powder). This cereal has a high iron bioavailability, good protein quality and amino acid score. Healthy, term breast-fed infants were prospectively studied. One group (n = 92) received the fortified cereal ...
Friel J K - - 1990
The adequacy of iron stores in infants of very low birth weight (defined as less than 1500 g) in Canada is unknown. We monitored the iron status of 81 such infants at 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 months of age. All of the infants were fed formula fortified with ...
Menzel D - - 1990
The sonographic representation of developmental changes occurring in the normal adrenal gland during the first year of life was examined in 84 healthy newborns and infants. As a measure of adrenal size we chose a defined part of standardized adrenal sections, the adrenal size index (ASI). In newborns, ASI was ...
Zolnierz M W - - 1990
Neonatal parenteral nutrition solutions are a vital part of the treatment regimen for premature infants. Protocols that dictate the formulation of these expensive intravenous solutions must assure absolute safety for the neonate. The procedure for the initiation, calculation, and compounding of parenteral nutrition solutions involves both physician and pharmacist. Simplified ...
Georgieff M K - - 1990
Because chronic hypoxemia causes a redistribution of iron from serum and storage pools into an expanding erythrocyte mass, and because infants of diabetic mothers are often hypoxemic in utero and have a high prevalence of polycythemia at birth, we studied iron distribution in 43 term infants of diabetic mothers. Twenty-four ...
Filer L J LJ - - 1990
Growth and behavioral development during infancy is highly dependent on a bioavailable source of dietary iron. This brief review examines the extent of iron deficiency anemia in the United States in the late 1980s, the daily dietary intake of iron, and the impact of iron deficiency on growth and on ...
Batten S - - 1990
The Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children, popularly known as WIC, provides participants with supplemental foods and nutrition education. The WIC participants are eligible pregnant, postpartum, and breast-feeding women, infants, and children up to their fifth birthday. The program currently serves 1.2 million infants each month. The ...
Kohn C W - - 1990
At birth, 24 Standardbred foals were assigned at random to 1 of 2 groups and were given a placebo supplement (group 1) or an iron supplement (248 mg of iron/treatment; group 2). Foals were given iron supplement or placebo 4 times during the second and third weeks after birth. Hematologic ...
Barness L A - - 1990
Recommendations for weaning have been based on empiric practices and observations of physiologic development. Estimates of nutritional requirements mimic those of the preweaning infant, adjusted for a slower growth rate. Concern for the onset of deficiency states (e.g., obesity, failure to thrive, atherosclerosis, hypertension) may provide scientific bases for nutritional ...
Raman L - - 1990
In order to assess the iron nutritional status of infants, plasma ferritin levels were measured in the infants and children at different time intervals till two years of age from two different socio economic groups. While ferritin levels at 3-4 months age were significantly higher in upper income group infants, ...
Palacio J C - - 1990
Advances in enteral nutrition include the provision of organ-specific fuels to improve gut structure and function. Examples of these fuels include soluble fiber as a fuel precursor, and the SCFAs acetate, propionate, and butyrate. Butyrate appears to exert its trophic effect primarily in the colon, whereas the combined SCFAs affect ...
Penrod J C - - 1990
To determine the impact on iron status of introducing cow's milk (CM) into the diet during the second 6 months of life, nutrient intake was assessed and iron status measured in 100 infants. Nutrient intake for 40 of the 45 infants, age 8 to 13 months, fed CM as the ...
Heese H D HD Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Cape - - 1990
The preterm infant inevitably develops iron deficiency unless supplementary iron is given. Oral iron supplementation is preferred in ideal social circumstances but, where compliance with such therapy is uncertain, intramuscular iron dextran may be a more effective treatment. A study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of two methods of ...
Colomer J - - 1990
A prospective cohort study with a 1-year follow-up of 156 neonates was carried out specifically designed to test the hypothesis that there is a positive relationship between iron deficiency during pregnancy and the development of the same disease in newborn infants. Exposure was defined as being born of a mother ...
Davidson L A - - 1990
Iron absorption from human milk and infant formula has received much attention, but experimental design problems have been common. In our study, iron retention from human milk, milk-based infant formula (IF) with and without supplemental ferrous sulfate, and IF supplemented with either human or bovine lactoferrin (Lf) was evaluated in ...
Dallman P R - - 1990
Our present success in preventing iron deficiency in infants is based on a gradual growth in our understanding of iron nutrition. It became recognized that full term infants only become vulnerable to iron deficiency after about 5 months of age, and to a lesser degree if they are breast-fed. The ...
Dallman P R - - 1989
Iron-fortified infant formula is effective in preventing iron deficiency at levels of iron that are compatible with an upper limit of 3 mg/100 kcal. However, lower levels of fortification may prove to be adequate. There are theoretical concerns about the effects of high levels of dietary iron on the absorption ...
Stevens D W - - 1989
The pathogenesis of hypochromic anaemia was studied in 138 Saudi bedouin infants aged 9 months. Approximately 25 per cent had hypochromic anaemia, but less than 10 per cent had serum ferritin levels indicative of iron deficiency. A few infants had heterozygous beta-thalassaemia, but many infants with hypochromic anaemia had normal ...
Olivares M - - 1989
To define the hematologic changes during a mild viral infection, 93 infants were immunized with live attenuated measles virus and studied prospectively at 0, 4, 9, 14, 21, and 30 days. Hemoglobin concentration decreased significantly by days 9 and 14. The decrease was greater than 1.0 g/dL in 8.6% and ...
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