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Results 601 - 650 of 937
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Lönnerdal B - - 1994
Infants were fed cow's milk-based formulas containing 4 mg of iron/l from 1.5 to 6 months of age and their hematological status was compared to infants receiving the same formula but with 7 mg of iron/l and with breast-fed infants. One formula with 4 mg of iron/l contained iron as ...
Collier S - - 1994
Cyclic parenteral nutrition is the technique of infusing the intravenous solution in less than 24 hours, during a portion of the day or night, allowing the patient freedom from the intravenous tubing and pump apparatus. In addition, adverse effects of long-term parenteral therapy, such as liver complications, were reported to ...
Davidsson L - - 1994
Little information is available on absorption and metabolism of minerals and trace elements during infancy. The lack of data is related to the methodological problems involved in these studies. By using stable isotopes as labels, studies can be conducted in infants without introducing exposure to radiation, or any other risk, ...
Hokama T - - 1994
The amount of iron absorption in healthy breast-fed infants was estimated in order to assess the iron requirement. This was carried out by monitoring changes in total body iron (TBI). Hemoglobin and serum ferritin were measured to calculate hemoglobin iron, body storage iron and TBI at the ages of 4-5 ...
Crampton P - - 1994
AIM: To determine the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia in infants presenting to their general practitioner in a socially deprived, ethnically mixed suburb. METHODS: A total of 43 infants between 6 and 36 months of age were tested for iron deficiency anaemia. The blood tests were collected opportunistically over a ...
Halbmayer W M - - 1994
Factor XII (FXII) deficiency has been reported to be a risk factor for the development of arterial and venous thromboembolism. However, no data are available on the prevalence of FXII deficiency within the normal population. Measuring APTT and FXII activity, seven FXII deficiencies could be detected among 300 healthy blood ...
Friel J K - - 1994
Premature infants require adequate amounts of zinc to foster growth and cognitive development. Zinc given during TPN (450-500 micrograms.kg-1.day-1) is the only way to meet in utero accretion rates before 36 wk postconceptional age because of extensive resecretion into the gut of oral zinc. After that time, infants should be ...
Chimsuku L - - 1994
Preliminary results are presented from this study which indicate that 84.8% of pregnant women present at first antenatal visit with anemia (Hb 11g/dl) an 8.7% of their infants (n = 230) have a hemoglobin at birth below 14g/dl. There is an association between pregnancy anemia and malaria. A case control ...
Seward D P - - 1993
Hemoglobin Lepore is composed of two normal alpha-globin chains and two delta-beta fusion globin chains that result from nonhomologous crossing over of genetic material during meiosis. The doubly heterozygous condition of sickle hemoglobin with Lepore hemoglobin (Hb S-Lepore) is rare, having been described previously in only nine patients. We report ...
Boles R G - - 1993
Molybdenum cofactor deficiency was diagnosed in a 3-month-old girl who presented with microcephaly, developmental delay, severe irritability, and lactic acidosis. Dietary methionine restriction, with cysteine supplementation, was associated with moderate short-term clinical improvement, including a resumption in predicted head growth, modest developmental progress, and a reduction in irritability. Clinical relapse ...
Gaspar M J - - 1993
We studied 157 pregnant women living in Merida, Spain, during their third trimester of pregnancy and their newborns at birth, analyzing the mother's and the umbilical cord's blood for hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), serum iron and serum ferritin. We observed statistically correlations between hemoglobin and hematocrit values ...
Bicknese E J - - 1993
Standard epidemiologic methods were used to determine the prevalence and risk factors for iron deficiency at weaning in 143 weanling rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) raised indoors at the California Primate Research Center, Davis, CA. Maternal, infant, and management factors were investigated. Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia was 19%, as defined ...
Tóth P P - - 1993
A comatose male newborn infant with congenital lactic acidosis caused by pyruvate decarboxylase deficiency was treated with dichloroacetate (DCA), which stimulated an 88% drop in serum lactate concentration and reversed his coma. The response to DCA was temporary and the lactic acidosis worsened until his death, but DCA may confer ...
Schlesinger L - - 1993
Zinc has been shown to be involved in many functions of the immune system. This study was conducted to examine the effect of zinc supplementation on phagocytic, fungicidal and metabolic activity of blood monocytes of marasmic infants during nutritional rehabilitation. A controlled, double-blind design was used in which 19 infants ...
Fuchs G J - - 1993
One hundred four infants were randomly assigned to receive whole cow milk plus iron-fortified cereal (WCM + C) in accord with the previous recommendations of the Committee of Nutrition/American Academy of Pediatrics (CON/AAP); one of two iron-fortified, follow-up formulas; or an iron-fortified infant formula. Mean iron intakes and vitamin C ...
Hall R T - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: A randomized, double-blind study was conducted comparing high-iron content (15 mg/L) with low-iron content (3 mg/L) premature formula given during initial hospitalization to infants with birth weights less than 1800 g to determine the influence of these differing intakes on the iron nutritional status during the first 4 months ...
Hokama T - - 1993
The levels of serum ferritin and total body iron of healthy infants were analyzed to evaluate iron status among infants with different feeding regimens. The results showed that the levels of serum ferritin and total body iron were lower in breast-fed infants than in partially breast-fed or formula-fed infants at ...
Bechensteen A G - - 1993
The effectiveness of recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEpo) in raising haemoglobin concentrations in very low birthweight infants was examined in a randomised multicentre study. Twenty nine 'healthy' appropriate for gestational age infants with birth weights 900-1400 g entered the study at 3 weeks of age. All infants received breast milk supplemented ...
Brabin B - - 1993
An outline is given of a field research study to be undertaken in Malawi to investigate the pattern and consequences of malaria in pregnancy and infants. The central question to be investigated is whether babies born to anaemic mothers in malarious areas are at increased risk of developing anaemia or ...
Fomon S J - - 1993
As an index of iron absorption, erythrocyte incorporation of the stable isotope, 58Fe, was determined 14 and 42 d after the administration of 58Fe-labeled ferrous sulfate to 56-d-old exclusively breast-fed infants and to infants fed a low-iron (1.8 mg/L) formula. Each infant received a dose of 0.6 to 1.0 mg ...
Poillon W N - - 1993
Recent interest in therapies for sickle cell anemia based on elevating fetal Hb has made accurate estimates of the sparing effect of fetal Hb (Hb F) and other non-sickle Hbs on sickle Hb (Hb S) polymerization essential. We have developed a technique, using HbCO as surrogate for HbO2, that enables ...
Walter T - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency continues to be a common problem among infants throughout the world. Iron-fortified formula is effective in preventing iron deficiency but the benefit of iron-fortified cereal is controversial. METHODS: We compared iron-fortified rice cereal to unfortified rice cereal in infants who were exclusively breast-fed for more than 4 ...
Adams P C - - 1993
Although venesection therapy is well established for the initial depletion of iron stores in hereditary hemochromatosis, the frequency of subsequent therapy has not been clearly defined. In this study, 21 homozygotes (16 male, five female; mean age of 58, with a range of 26 to 77 years) who had completed ...
Liu D S - - 1993
A micronutrient-fortified rusk for weanling children was tested in a rural area near Beijing. Two hundred twenty-six children aged 6-13 mo were randomly assigned by village to either a micronutrient-fortified or an unfortified rusk, daily for 3 mo. The fortified rusk contained extra zinc; iron; calcium; vitamins A, D, and ...
Jameson S - - 1993
Zinc is present in and indispensable to all forms of life. Zinc is essential for the normal growth of human beings, and zinc proteins have been shown to be involved in the transcription and translation of the genetic material. Zinc deficiency has been incriminated in infertility, abortions, malformations, fetal intrauterine ...
Lambrecht R S - - 1993
Although most species of mycobacterium are capable of producing mycobactin, it is not known if conditions within the host allow for mycobactin synthesis or whether it even plays a role in iron acquisition in vivo. We employed the mycobactin-auxotroph, Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, in a bioassay to examine tissues from animals infected ...
Matthew D - - 1993
Ferritin concentrations in blood are a good indicator of iron stores and can be measured in plasma or serum with commercial kits. We have measured plasma ferritin content in infants ranging from 3 to 15 months of age. During the first three years of a four-year study, plasma samples drawn ...
Keen C L - - 1993
To investigate the effects of the severity of maternal zinc deficiency on early development, rhesus monkeys were fed diets that were either moderately zinc-deficient (MZD) (2 micrograms Zn/g) or marginal in zinc (M) (4 micrograms Zn/g) throughout pregnancy and lactation. Dams in the MZD group developed overt signs of zinc ...
Brigden M L - - 1993
Awareness of subtle symptoms of mild iron deficiency is increasing, but unsuspected iron deficiency is a persistent problem, especially among certain groups, such as menstruating women and milk-fed infants. The diagnosis must be clearly established through appropriate testing, and an underlying cause should always be sought. Useful tests include determination ...
Barr D G - - 1993
An infant with the characteristic phenotype of classical rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata was found to have an isolated deficiency of the peroxisomal enzyme acyl CoA dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase (DHAP-AT). All other peroxisomal functions measured were found to be normal. Previously described in one other case report, this confirms the existence of ...
Idjradinata P - - 1993
Iron-deficient anaemic infants perform worse in tests of mental and motor development than do iron-sufficient infants of a comparable age. A randomised, double-blind trial was done to monitor the effects of iron supplementation on performance in the Bayley scales of mental and motor development among 12-18-month-old infants in Indonesia. Iron-deficient ...
Rybicki B A - - 1993
Parkinson's disease (PD) mortality rates in Michigan counties for 1986-1988 were calculated with respect to potential heavy metal exposure (iron, zinc, copper, mercury, magnesium, and manganese) from industry based on recent census data. Individuals were counted as a PD death if the diagnosis was listed as an "underlying" or "related" ...
Mutabingwa T K - - 1993
The malaria prophylactic effects of chloroquine (CQ), proguanil (PROG), and chloroquine-proguanil combination (CQ+PROG) during pregnancy on maternal haemoglobin levels (Hb), placental malaria, and birth weight were assessed in Muheza, Tanzania. Within 2 months of prophylaxis, severe anaemia in primigravidae (PG) was reduced from 21% (22 cases) to 13% (13 cases). ...
Belaiche J - - 1993
Hypergastrinemia induces argyrophil cell hyperplasia in oxyntic mucosa (FACH) in patients with non-antral atrophic gastritis, with or without pernicious anemia. This proliferation favours the development of carcinoid tumours. In order to determine the most usual appropriate method to document FACH, we have studied 29 consecutive fundic biopsies from 26 patients ...
Fuchs G - - 1993
Concerns that consumption of whole cow milk (WCM) by older infants may result in excessive gastrointestinal blood loss and subsequent iron deficiency led us to perform a prospective, randomized study in 104 infants. Infants were assigned to receive WCM beginning at 6 months or one of three formulas beginning at ...
Takács S - - 1992
Human biological samples using the atomic emission method. The concentration of 27 micro- and macro elements was specified in a total number of 1221. Some of the patients tested were under hospital treatment because of chronic disease (727 persons), others were blood donors (71 persons) or pregnant women and newborn ...
Wasserman G - - 1992
For a prospective study of lead exposure, iron status, and infant development, we recruited infants living in a smelter town and a non-lead-exposed town in Kosovo, Yugoslavia. Among 392 infants assessed at age 2 years, the mean Mental Development Index (MDI), Bayley Scales of Infant Development, was 105.2. At age ...
Wongchanchailert M - - 1992
One hundred and ten children with hemoglobin H (Hb H) disease who attended the hematology unit of the Department of Pediatrics at Songklanagarind Hospital from 1982 to 1988 were studied. Hb Constant spring (Hb CS) was found in 55 patients. Four patients, two with Hb CS, were diagnosed during the ...
Hastka J - - 1992
Zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) is determined by hematofluorometry of whole blood to detect iron deficiency in blood donors. In hospitalized patients, ZPP did not correlate with established markers of iron status. We performed 4500 ZPP measurements with the Aviv front-face hematofluorometer in samples from 475 patients and measured ferritin, transferrin saturation, ...
Olivares M - - 1992
Iron nutrition was measured in 84 low-birth-weight infants. At birth, they were assigned to three groups: preterm infants appropriate for gestational age (n = 29); preterm infants small for gestational age (n = 17); and full-term infants small for gestational age (n = 38). A sub-sample of infants was supplemented ...
Goodwin M A - - 1992
The incidence of anemia in clinically ill Georgia broilers climbed from 66.4% (324/488) during 1988-89 to 80.9% (531/656) during 1990. The incidence of polycythemia fell from 1.6% (8/488) during 1988-89 to 1.5% (10/656) during 1990. Specifically, compared with 1988-89, the 1990 incidence of anemia increased significantly in chicks at age ...
Halpérin D S - - 1992
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) was administered subcutaneously three times a week to 18 infants with the anaemia of prematurity at doses of 75, 150, 300, or 600 units/kg per week for 4 weeks, starting at 3-4 weeks of postnatal age. A significant and dose-dependent increase in reticulocyte count was observed ...
Schlesinger L - - 1992
This study attempted to define the possible contribution of zinc nutrition to immunocompetence and growth in severely malnourished infants. The effect of zinc supplementation was evaluated in marasmic infants during nutritional rehabilitation by using a controlled double-blind design in which 19 infants fed a zinc-fortified formula were compared with 20 ...
Godel J C - - 1992
To determine the extent of iron deficiency, the prognostic value of prenatal ferritin levels and the desirability of prenatal iron supplementation in the western Canadian arctic, dietary iron intake was determined in 171 women and ferritin levels determined in 121 women during pregnancy, 79 at delivery and 77 postnatally, as ...
Carnielli V - - 1992
To determine whether prophylactic treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) and iron would reduce the need for blood transfusions, we randomly assigned 22 premature infants with gestational ages less than or equal to 32 weeks and birth weights less than or equal to 1.75 kg to receive rHuEPO, 400 IU/kg ...
Petry C D - - 1992
Infants of diabetic mothers frequently have polycythemia, elevated serum erythropoietin concentrations, and decreased serum iron and ferritin concentrations, likely representing a redistribution of fetal iron into erythrocytes to support augmented fetal hemoglobin synthesis. We hypothesized that fetal liver, heart, and brain iron concentrations are also reduced in these infants. After ...
Keen C L - - 1992
A review of current literature suggests that maternal nutritional status can be an important modulator of the developmental toxicity of a number of agents in the environment. While the provision of multivitamin/multimineral supplements during the periconceptional period is often associated with improved pregnancy outcome, it has been difficult to identify ...
Nir A - - 1992
Kohl is a lead-containing eye cosmetic applied to many infants in Israel and in other countries in the Middle East. Seven samples of kohl used in our region contained 17.3%-79.5% lead. We assessed 24 kohl users and 30 non-kohl users, aged 6-16 months, for blood lead, zinc protoporphyrin, hemoglobin, mean ...
Sakurai T - - 1992
Anaerobic reactions of Rhus vernicifera laccase and its type-2 copper-depleted derivatives with hexacyanoferrate(II) were investigated by absorption and e.s.r. spectroscopy. When native laccase was treated with excess hexacyanoferrate(II), the type-1 and type-2 coppers were immediately reduced and the e.s.r. signal due to type-3 copper was transiently observed. After incubation, a ...
- - 1992
The pediatrician is faced with a difficult challenge in providing recommendations for optimal nutrition in older infants. Because the milk (or formula) portion of the diet represents 35% to 100% of total daily calories and because WCM and breast milk or infant formula differ markedly in composition, the selection of ...
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