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Vuillermoz Cécile - - 2014
The homeless population of France has increased by 50% over the last 10 years. Studies have shown that homelessness is associated with a high risk of premature death. The aim of this study was to estimate the number of homeless deaths in France between 2008 and 2010, using a reproducible ...
Johnson Joyce T JT Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Primary Children's Hospital and the University of Utah, 100 N. Mario Capecchi Drive, Salt Lake City, UT, 84113, USA, - - 2014
Many factors in the delivery and perinatal care of infants with a prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) have an impact on outcome and costs. This study sought to determine the modifiable factors in perinatal management that have an impact on postnatal resource use for infants with CHD. The ...
Chambers Georgina M GM National Perinatal Epidemiology and Statistics Unit, School of Women's and Children's Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The clinical risks to mothers and babies associated with assisted reproductive technology (ART) multiple birth pregnancies are well described and widely recognized. In contrast, the long-term economic consequences that follow are less appreciated. The few economic analyses that do exist consistently demonstrate the greater patient, healthcare and societal costs associated ...
Lopez Adriana S AS 1National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - - 2014
An estimated 3,600 infants born with congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection annually in the United States (US) are symptomatic at birth. The proportion of infants with symptomatic cCMV infection who require hospitalization is unknown yet important for understanding the full disease and economic burdens of cCMV. Data from the Healthcare Cost ...
Bhutta Zulfiqar A ZA Center for Global Child Health, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada; Center of Excellence in Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Progress in newborn survival has been slow, and even more so for reductions in stillbirths. To meet Every Newborn targets of fewer than 12 neonatal deaths and fewer than 12 stillbirths per 1000 births in every country by 2030 will necessitate accelerated scale-up of the most effective care targeting major ...
Dani Carlo - - 2014
The best criteria for surfactant treatment in the perinatal period are unknown and this makes it of interest to consider the possible economic implications of lessening the use of more restrictive criteria. The objective of this study is the evaluation of the costs of respiratory care for preterm infants with ...
Wymer Kevin K University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate costs and outcomes of successive trials of labor after cesarean delivery as compared with elective repeat cesarean deliveries. To compare a trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) and elective repeat cesarean deliveries, separate maternal and neonatal decision analytic models were built ...
Conde-Agudelo Agustin A Perinatology Research Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/National Institutes of Health/Department of Health and Human Services, Detroit, Michigan, - - 2014
Kangaroo mother care (KMC), originally defined as skin-to-skin contact between a mother and her newborn, frequent and exclusive or nearly exclusive breastfeeding, and early discharge from hospital, has been proposed as an alternative to conventional neonatal care for low birthweight (LBW) infants. To determine whether there is evidence to support ...
Tran Kevin K 1Center for Advanced Sensor Technology and Department of Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Engineering UMBC, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Every year, an unacceptably large number of infant deaths occur in developing nations, with premature birth and asphyxia being two of the leading causes. A well-regulated thermal environment is critical for neonatal survival. Advanced incubators currently exist, but they are far too expensive to meet the needs of developing nations. ...
Johnston Karissa M - - 2014
Preterm birth is a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality among infants worldwide, and imposes considerable burden on health, education and social services, as well as on families and caregivers. Morbidity and mortality resulting from preterm birth is highest among early (< 28 weeks gestational age) and moderate (28-32 ...
Maiden Kristin - - 2014
The present study used data from several sources to 1) present information on mothers and births in a single state (Delaware); 2) present cost data to estimate health-related birth real costs; and 3) use the data to estimate the costs and impact on mothers, health care providers, and taxpayers. In ...
Morrison Jacqueline F JF Division of Hematology/Oncology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Hereditary Spherocytosis (HS) is a common hemolytic anemia in which 75% of cases are autosomal dominant. Since most newborns with HS have a family history of disease, hematologists often see these infants before their physiologic hemoglobin nadir, which is exaggerated in comparison to healthy infants. The objective of this study ...
Poliakova Natalia N School of Psychology, Laval University, Québec City, Québec, Canada; CHU de Québec Research Center, Québec City, Québec, - - 2014
Little empirical evidence exists on the comparability of heart rate variability (HRV) quantification methods commonly used in infants. The aim was to compare three methods of HRV estimation: (1) fast Fourier transform (FFT), (2) autoregressive (AR), and (3) the Porges methods. HRV was estimated in 63 healthy 5-month-old infants. HRV ...
Drysdale Simon B SB Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, MRC-Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, London, - - 2014
Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) are a common cause of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and are associated with chronic respiratory morbidity. Our aim was to determine whether HRV species A or C were associated with chronic respiratory morbidity and increased health care utilisation in prematurely born infants. A number of 153 ...
Moehling Carolyn M CM Department of Economics, Rutgers University, 75 Hamilton Street, New Brunswick, NJ, 08901, USA, - - 2014
We take advantage of unique data on specific activities conducted under the Sheppard-Towner Act from 1924 through 1929 to focus on how public health interventions affected infant mortality. Interventions that provided one-on-one contact and opportunities for follow-up care, such as home visits by nurses and the establishment of health clinics, ...
Popat Himanshu P HP Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Newborn Care, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2014
To identify areas for improvement in outcomes in retrieved newborns by reviewing newborn retrieval activity and evaluating potentially avoidable retrievals from each referring hospital stratified by the level of service delivery over the study period. A retrospective analysis of newborn retrievals from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2009. Newborn and Paediatric Emergency ...
Nabulsi Mona - - 2014
Breastfeeding has countless benefits to mothers, children and community at large, especially in developing countries. Studies from Lebanon report disappointingly low breastfeeding exclusivity and continuation rates. Evidence reveals that antenatal breastfeeding education, professional lactation support, and peer lay support are individually effective at increasing breastfeeding duration and exclusivity, particularly in ...
Huck Maren M Department of Biological and Forensic Sciences, University of Derby, Derby, United - - 2014
In species of mammals that habitually bear single offspring, like most anthropoid primates, the occurrence of twins is expected to impose considerable energetic costs on the caretakers. The question then arises of how caregivers cope with the potentially increased costs of raising twins. These increased costs should lead to differing ...
Nkonki Lungiswa Leonora LL Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa ; Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway ; Division of Community Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South - - 2014
Community-based peer support has been shown to be effective in improving exclusive breastfeeding rates in a variety of settings. We conducted a cost analysis of a community cluster randomised-controlled trial (Promise-EBF), aimed at promoting exclusive infant feeding in three sites in South Africa. The costs were considered from the perspective ...
Johnson Tricia J TJ Department of Health Systems - - 2014
Infants born at very low birth weight (VLBW; birth weight <1500 g) are at high risk of mortality and are some of the most expensive patients in the hospital. Additionally, VLBW infants are susceptible to prematurity-related morbidities, including late-onset sepsis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), necrotizing enterocolitis, and retinopathy of prematurity, which ...
Watson S I SI Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, - - 2014
To examine the effects of designation and volume of neonatal care at the hospital of birth on mortality and morbidity outcomes in very preterm infants in a managed clinical network setting. A retrospective, population-based analysis of operational clinical data using adjusted logistic regression and instrumental variables (IV) analyses. 165 National ...
Paes Emma C EC Department of Pediatric Plastic Surgery at the Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2013
Many treatments have been described for infants with Robin sequence and severe respiratory distress, but there have not been many comparative studies of outcome and cost-effectiveness. The aim of this study was to compare the cost and complications of two common interventions - mandibular distraction osteogenesis and tracheostomy. Nine patients ...
Pode-Shakked Ben B 1 Department of Neonatology, Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Tel HaShomer, - - 2013
Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage can complicate severe sepsis in the neonate and is most commonly attributed to meningococcal disease; however, it can be caused by other etiologic agents as well. We report herein a fatal case of Enterobacter cloacae sepsis in a preterm infant, resulting in massive adrenal hemorrhages. This is ...
Smith J P - - 2013
Background: The benefits of exclusive breastfeeding, including public health cost savings, are widely recognized, but breastfeeding requires maternal time investments. Objective: This study investigates the time taken to exclusively breastfeed at 6 months compared with not exclusively breastfeeding. Methods: Time use data were examined from an Australian survey of new ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2013
Lack of paternal involvement has been shown to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including infant morbidity and mortality, but the impact on health care costs is unknown. Various methodological approaches have been used in cost minimization and cost effectiveness analyses and it remains unclear how cost estimates vary according ...
Kobulashvili Teia - - 2013
Mortality in people with epilepsy has not previously been estimated in Georgia. We identified a prevalent cohort of people with epilepsy from a tertiary referral centre in Tbilisi, Georgia and attempted to establish survivorship status for all. One-way sensitivity analysis estimating mortality rates in those lost to follow-up was also ...
Harrison M C - - 2013
Background. Blood transfusions (BTFs) are not without risk and pose a significant financial burden on resource-limited services. In line with current international evidence, the nursery at Groote Schuur Hospital (GSH), Cape Town, South Africa, introduced a restrictive BTF protocol to minimise transfusions and manage costs.Objective. To determine whether adopting a ...
Geraghty Sheela R - - 2013
Abstract Background: For past centuries, infants have been fed the milk of mothers who are not their own by latching to another woman's breast. Today, the majority of lactating women use electric pumps to extract milk from their breasts; thus, an infant now may be fed another woman's milk via ...
Hünseler C - - 2013
To evaluate our treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), our experience with rooming-in of opiate-dependent mothers and to examine the influence of rooming-in on short term outcome of infants exposed to opiates in utero.Retrospective analysis of maternal and perinatal data of newborn infants with NAS treated between 2004 and 2011 ...
O'Hare Bernadette B St. Andrews University, Scotland, UK and College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Malawi, Central - - 2013
We aimed to quantify the relationship between national income and infant and under-five mortality in developing countries. We conducted a systematic literature search of studies that examined the relationship between income and child mortality (infant and/or under-five mortality) and meta-analysed their results. Developing countries. Child mortality (infant and /or under-five ...
Lisonkova Sarka - - 2013
In contrast to singletons, twins born to older mothers have lower rates of perinatal mortality than twins born to younger mothers. We examined whether differences in chorionicity could explain this unexpected maternal age effect. We used population-based data on twins born to mothers aged 20-29 (n = 3702) and ≥35 years (n = ...
Jegier Briana J - - 2013
Background:Human milk from the biologic mother (HM) reduces disease burden and associated costs of care during and after neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization for very low birth weight (VLBW; birth weight < 1500 g) infants, when compared to feedings of donor human milk (DHM) or commercial formula (CF). However, ...
Gao Yu - - 2013
to compare the cost-effectiveness of two models of service delivery: Midwifery Group Practice (MGP) and baseline cohort. a retrospective and prospective cohort study. a regional hospital in Northern Territory (NT), Australia. baseline cohort included all Aboriginal mothers (n=412), and their infants (n=416), from two remote communities who gave birth between ...
Lain Samantha J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify the maternal and infant risk factors associated with hospital admission in the first year and estimate the associated costs of infant hospitalization. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the Perinatal Data Collection for 599 753 liveborn infants born in New South Wales, Australia, 2001-2007 were linked to hospital admission data. ...
Kibbe Melissa M - - 2013
Infants have a bandwidth-limited object working memory (WM) that can both individuate and identify objects in a scene, (answering 'how many?' or 'what?', respectively). Studies of infants' WM for objects have typically looked for limits on either 'how many' or 'what', yielding different estimates of infant capacity. Infants can keep ...
Lanzieri Tatiana M TM National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. - - 2013
Very low birth weight (VLBW) and premature infants are at risk for developing postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease, including CMV-related sepsis-like syndrome (CMV-SLS) for which estimates [corrected] in the United States are lacking. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the pooled proportions (and 95% confidence intervals) of VLBW ...
Ergaz Zivanit - - 2013
We present a case of Amyand's hernia with perforated appendicitis in a premature infant. The favorable outcome compared to perforated abdominal appendicitis is discussed. Despite its rarity, this diagnosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a scrotal mass in premature infants.
Schiavenato Martin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infants in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU) are exposed to routine procedures that often cause distress and carry a negative burden or load on the infant's neurodevelopment. AIM: A ratio level index is introduced to estimate procedural load so as to begin to develop a system to monitor ...
Mujugira Andrew - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Operative delivery procedures, such as primary cesarean section, vacuum-assisted, and forceps-assisted vaginal delivery increase maternal and fetal morbidity, and the cost of care. We evaluated whether large fetal head circumference (FHC) independently increases risk of such interventions, as well as fetal distress or low Apgar score, in anatomically normal ...
Pawelec Małgorzata - - 2013
Preterm births are still a major problem in obstetrics. It is estimated that preterm births occur in about 12% of all pregnancies. Due to advances in medical technology and better care of fetuses and premature babies, the preterm mortality rate has been falling (as recently as 1995 the survival rate ...
Carroll Katherine K Centre for Health Communication, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia. - - 2013
Donor human milk (DHM) is increasingly being used in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) to achieve exclusive human milk (EHM) feedings in preterm infants. The aim of the study was to determine the cost of DHM to achieve EHM feeding for very preterm infants. The hypothesis was that the cost ...
Hoffman Jessica M - - 2013
Reproduction is a risky affair; a lifespan cost of maintaining reproductive capability, and of reproduction itself, has been demonstrated in a wide range of animal species. However, little is understood about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. Most cost-of-reproduction studies simply ask how reproduction influences age at death, but are blind ...
Bentley Anthony - - 2013
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of respiratory infection that is highly prevalent in infants. Severe cases of RSV infection require hospitalisation; this is most likely to occur in infant populations at high risk. The study assesses the cost-effectiveness of palivizumab versus no prophylaxis in infants at high ...
Zhao Fang - - 2013
Non-contact and low-cost measurements of heart and respiration rates are highly desirable for telemedicine. Here, we describe a novel technique to extract blood volume pulse and respiratory wave from a single channel images captured by a video camera for both day and night conditions. The principle of our technique is ...
Fergus Paul - - 2013
There has been some improvement in the treatment of preterm infants, which has helped to increase their chance of survival. However, the rate of premature births is still globally increasing. As a result, this group of infants are most at risk of developing severe medical conditions that can affect the ...
Wang Haijun - - 2013
To assess the economic impact of maternal death on rural Chinese households during the year after maternal death. A prospective cohort study matched 183 households who had suffered a maternal death to 346 households that experienced childbirth without maternal death in rural areas of three provinces in China. Surveys were ...
Turgut Abdulkadir A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakır, - - 2013
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is seen in 3% of all pregnancies, and is a frequent cause of preterm birth, neonatal mortality and morbidity. The most important complications are maternal and foetal infection, prematurity, umbilical cord compression, hypoxia or asphyxia due to cord prolapse, pulmonary hypoplasia and extremity deformities. ...
Tieu Joanna J ARCH: Australian Research Centre for Health of Women and Babies, The Robinson Institute, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia. joanna.tieu@gmail.com. - - 2013
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse health outcomes for both mother and infant both perinatally and long-term. Women with a history of GDM are at risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies and may benefit from intervention in the interconception period to improve maternal and infant health outcomes. To ...
Ciaranello Andrea L AL Medical Practice Evaluation Center, Divisions of Infectious Disease, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2013
In 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) released revised guidelines for prevention of mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission (PMTCT). We projected clinical impacts, costs, and cost-effectiveness of WHO-recommended PMTCT strategies in Zimbabwe. We used Zimbabwean data in a validated computer model to simulate a cohort of pregnant, HIV-infected women ...
Hussman Julia M - - 2012
Palivizumab prophylaxis has been demonstrated to reduce the number of hospitalizations attributable to respiratory syncytial virus in high-risk infants. However, as palivizumab acquisition costs are high, quantifying cost-effectiveness is important. The primary aim of this review was to examine the cost-effectiveness of palivizumab across numerous indications in high-risk infants and ...
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