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Tran Kevin K 1Center for Advanced Sensor Technology and Department of Chemical, Biochemical, and Environmental Engineering UMBC, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Every year, an unacceptably large number of infant deaths occur in developing nations, with premature birth and asphyxia being two of the leading causes. A well-regulated thermal environment is critical for neonatal survival. Advanced incubators currently exist, but they are far too expensive to meet the needs of developing nations. ...
Johnston Karissa M - - 2014
Preterm birth is a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality among infants worldwide, and imposes considerable burden on health, education and social services, as well as on families and caregivers. Morbidity and mortality resulting from preterm birth is highest among early (< 28 weeks gestational age) and moderate (28-32 ...
Morrison Jacqueline F JF Division of Hematology/Oncology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Hereditary Spherocytosis (HS) is a common hemolytic anemia in which 75% of cases are autosomal dominant. Since most newborns with HS have a family history of disease, hematologists often see these infants before their physiologic hemoglobin nadir, which is exaggerated in comparison to healthy infants. The objective of this study ...
Poliakova Natalia N School of Psychology, Laval University, Québec City, Québec, Canada; CHU de Québec Research Center, Québec City, Québec, - - 2014
Little empirical evidence exists on the comparability of heart rate variability (HRV) quantification methods commonly used in infants. The aim was to compare three methods of HRV estimation: (1) fast Fourier transform (FFT), (2) autoregressive (AR), and (3) the Porges methods. HRV was estimated in 63 healthy 5-month-old infants. HRV ...
Drysdale Simon B SB Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, MRC-Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, London, - - 2014
Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) are a common cause of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and are associated with chronic respiratory morbidity. Our aim was to determine whether HRV species A or C were associated with chronic respiratory morbidity and increased health care utilisation in prematurely born infants. A number of 153 ...
Moehling Carolyn M CM Department of Economics, Rutgers University, 75 Hamilton Street, New Brunswick, NJ, 08901, USA, - - 2014
We take advantage of unique data on specific activities conducted under the Sheppard-Towner Act from 1924 through 1929 to focus on how public health interventions affected infant mortality. Interventions that provided one-on-one contact and opportunities for follow-up care, such as home visits by nurses and the establishment of health clinics, ...
Popat Himanshu P HP Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Newborn Care, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2014
To identify areas for improvement in outcomes in retrieved newborns by reviewing newborn retrieval activity and evaluating potentially avoidable retrievals from each referring hospital stratified by the level of service delivery over the study period. A retrospective analysis of newborn retrievals from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2009. Newborn and Paediatric Emergency ...
Nabulsi Mona - - 2014
Breastfeeding has countless benefits to mothers, children and community at large, especially in developing countries. Studies from Lebanon report disappointingly low breastfeeding exclusivity and continuation rates. Evidence reveals that antenatal breastfeeding education, professional lactation support, and peer lay support are individually effective at increasing breastfeeding duration and exclusivity, particularly in ...
Huck Maren M Department of Biological and Forensic Sciences, University of Derby, Derby, United - - 2014
In species of mammals that habitually bear single offspring, like most anthropoid primates, the occurrence of twins is expected to impose considerable energetic costs on the caretakers. The question then arises of how caregivers cope with the potentially increased costs of raising twins. These increased costs should lead to differing ...
Nkonki Lungiswa Leonora LL Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa ; Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway ; Division of Community Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South - - 2014
Community-based peer support has been shown to be effective in improving exclusive breastfeeding rates in a variety of settings. We conducted a cost analysis of a community cluster randomised-controlled trial (Promise-EBF), aimed at promoting exclusive infant feeding in three sites in South Africa. The costs were considered from the perspective ...
Johnson Tricia J TJ Department of Health Systems - - 2014
Infants born at very low birth weight (VLBW; birth weight <1500 g) are at high risk of mortality and are some of the most expensive patients in the hospital. Additionally, VLBW infants are susceptible to prematurity-related morbidities, including late-onset sepsis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), necrotizing enterocolitis, and retinopathy of prematurity, which ...
Paes Emma C EC Department of Pediatric Plastic Surgery at the Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2013
Many treatments have been described for infants with Robin sequence and severe respiratory distress, but there have not been many comparative studies of outcome and cost-effectiveness. The aim of this study was to compare the cost and complications of two common interventions - mandibular distraction osteogenesis and tracheostomy. Nine patients ...
Pode-Shakked Ben B 1 Department of Neonatology, Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Tel HaShomer, - - 2013
Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage can complicate severe sepsis in the neonate and is most commonly attributed to meningococcal disease; however, it can be caused by other etiologic agents as well. We report herein a fatal case of Enterobacter cloacae sepsis in a preterm infant, resulting in massive adrenal hemorrhages. This is ...
Smith J P - - 2013
Background: The benefits of exclusive breastfeeding, including public health cost savings, are widely recognized, but breastfeeding requires maternal time investments. Objective: This study investigates the time taken to exclusively breastfeed at 6 months compared with not exclusively breastfeeding. Methods: Time use data were examined from an Australian survey of new ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2013
Lack of paternal involvement has been shown to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including infant morbidity and mortality, but the impact on health care costs is unknown. Various methodological approaches have been used in cost minimization and cost effectiveness analyses and it remains unclear how cost estimates vary according ...
Kobulashvili Teia - - 2013
Mortality in people with epilepsy has not previously been estimated in Georgia. We identified a prevalent cohort of people with epilepsy from a tertiary referral centre in Tbilisi, Georgia and attempted to establish survivorship status for all. One-way sensitivity analysis estimating mortality rates in those lost to follow-up was also ...
Harrison M C - - 2013
Background. Blood transfusions (BTFs) are not without risk and pose a significant financial burden on resource-limited services. In line with current international evidence, the nursery at Groote Schuur Hospital (GSH), Cape Town, South Africa, introduced a restrictive BTF protocol to minimise transfusions and manage costs.Objective. To determine whether adopting a ...
Geraghty Sheela R - - 2013
Abstract Background: For past centuries, infants have been fed the milk of mothers who are not their own by latching to another woman's breast. Today, the majority of lactating women use electric pumps to extract milk from their breasts; thus, an infant now may be fed another woman's milk via ...
Hünseler C - - 2013
To evaluate our treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), our experience with rooming-in of opiate-dependent mothers and to examine the influence of rooming-in on short term outcome of infants exposed to opiates in utero.Retrospective analysis of maternal and perinatal data of newborn infants with NAS treated between 2004 and 2011 ...
O'Hare Bernadette - - 2013
ObjectiveWe aimed to quantify the relationship between national income and infant and under-five mortality in developing countries.Design We conducted a systematic literature search of studies that examined the relationship between income and child mortality (infant and/or under-five mortality) and meta-analysed their results.Setting Developing countries.Main outcome measuresChild mortality (infant and /or ...
Lisonkova Sarka - - 2013
In contrast to singletons, twins born to older mothers have lower rates of perinatal mortality than twins born to younger mothers. We examined whether differences in chorionicity could explain this unexpected maternal age effect. We used population-based data on twins born to mothers aged 20-29 (n = 3702) and ≥35 years (n = ...
Jegier Briana J - - 2013
Background:Human milk from the biologic mother (HM) reduces disease burden and associated costs of care during and after neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization for very low birth weight (VLBW; birth weight < 1500 g) infants, when compared to feedings of donor human milk (DHM) or commercial formula (CF). However, ...
Gao Yu - - 2013
to compare the cost-effectiveness of two models of service delivery: Midwifery Group Practice (MGP) and baseline cohort. a retrospective and prospective cohort study. a regional hospital in Northern Territory (NT), Australia. baseline cohort included all Aboriginal mothers (n=412), and their infants (n=416), from two remote communities who gave birth between ...
Lain Samantha J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify the maternal and infant risk factors associated with hospital admission in the first year and estimate the associated costs of infant hospitalization. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the Perinatal Data Collection for 599 753 liveborn infants born in New South Wales, Australia, 2001-2007 were linked to hospital admission data. ...
Kibbe Melissa M - - 2013
Infants have a bandwidth-limited object working memory (WM) that can both individuate and identify objects in a scene, (answering 'how many?' or 'what?', respectively). Studies of infants' WM for objects have typically looked for limits on either 'how many' or 'what', yielding different estimates of infant capacity. Infants can keep ...
Lanzieri Tatiana M - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Very low birth weight (VLBW) and premature infants are at risk for developing postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease, including CMV-related sepsis-like syndrome (CMV-SLS) for which in the United States are lacking.METHODS:We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the pooled proportions (and 95% confidence intervals) of VLBW and premature infants ...
Ergaz Zivanit - - 2013
We present a case of Amyand's hernia with perforated appendicitis in a premature infant. The favorable outcome compared to perforated abdominal appendicitis is discussed. Despite its rarity, this diagnosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a scrotal mass in premature infants.
Schiavenato Martin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infants in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU) are exposed to routine procedures that often cause distress and carry a negative burden or load on the infant's neurodevelopment. AIM: A ratio level index is introduced to estimate procedural load so as to begin to develop a system to monitor ...
Mujugira Andrew - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Operative delivery procedures, such as primary cesarean section, vacuum-assisted, and forceps-assisted vaginal delivery increase maternal and fetal morbidity, and the cost of care. We evaluated whether large fetal head circumference (FHC) independently increases risk of such interventions, as well as fetal distress or low Apgar score, in anatomically normal ...
Pawelec Małgorzata - - 2013
Preterm births are still a major problem in obstetrics. It is estimated that preterm births occur in about 12% of all pregnancies. Due to advances in medical technology and better care of fetuses and premature babies, the preterm mortality rate has been falling (as recently as 1995 the survival rate ...
Carroll Katherine - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: Donor human milk (DHM) is increasingly being used in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) to achieve exclusive human milk (EHM) feedings in preterm infants. The aim of the study was to determine the cost of DHM to achieve EHM feeding for very preterm infants. The hypothesis was that ...
Hoffman Jessica M - - 2013
Reproduction is a risky affair; a lifespan cost of maintaining reproductive capability, and of reproduction itself, has been demonstrated in a wide range of animal species. However, little is understood about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. Most cost-of-reproduction studies simply ask how reproduction influences age at death, but are blind ...
Bentley Anthony - - 2013
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of respiratory infection that is highly prevalent in infants. Severe cases of RSV infection require hospitalisation; this is most likely to occur in infant populations at high risk. The study assesses the cost-effectiveness of palivizumab versus no prophylaxis in infants at high ...
Zhao Fang - - 2013
Non-contact and low-cost measurements of heart and respiration rates are highly desirable for telemedicine. Here, we describe a novel technique to extract blood volume pulse and respiratory wave from a single channel images captured by a video camera for both day and night conditions. The principle of our technique is ...
Fergus Paul - - 2013
There has been some improvement in the treatment of preterm infants, which has helped to increase their chance of survival. However, the rate of premature births is still globally increasing. As a result, this group of infants are most at risk of developing severe medical conditions that can affect the ...
Wang Haijun - - 2013
To assess the economic impact of maternal death on rural Chinese households during the year after maternal death. A prospective cohort study matched 183 households who had suffered a maternal death to 346 households that experienced childbirth without maternal death in rural areas of three provinces in China. Surveys were ...
Turgut Abdulkadir A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakır, - - 2013
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is seen in 3% of all pregnancies, and is a frequent cause of preterm birth, neonatal mortality and morbidity. The most important complications are maternal and foetal infection, prematurity, umbilical cord compression, hypoxia or asphyxia due to cord prolapse, pulmonary hypoplasia and extremity deformities. ...
Tieu Joanna J ARCH: Australian Research Centre for Health of Women and Babies, The Robinson Institute, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia. joanna.tieu@gmail.com. - - 2013
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse health outcomes for both mother and infant both perinatally and long-term. Women with a history of GDM are at risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies and may benefit from intervention in the interconception period to improve maternal and infant health outcomes. To ...
Ciaranello Andrea L AL Medical Practice Evaluation Center, Divisions of Infectious Disease, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2013
In 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) released revised guidelines for prevention of mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission (PMTCT). We projected clinical impacts, costs, and cost-effectiveness of WHO-recommended PMTCT strategies in Zimbabwe. We used Zimbabwean data in a validated computer model to simulate a cohort of pregnant, HIV-infected women ...
Hussman Julia M - - 2012
Palivizumab prophylaxis has been demonstrated to reduce the number of hospitalizations attributable to respiratory syncytial virus in high-risk infants. However, as palivizumab acquisition costs are high, quantifying cost-effectiveness is important. The primary aim of this review was to examine the cost-effectiveness of palivizumab across numerous indications in high-risk infants and ...
Radcliff Elizabeth - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Health care use and costs for children with spina bifida (SB) are significantly greater than those of unaffected children. Little is known about hospital use and costs across health insurance payer types. We examined hospitalizations and associated costs by sociodemographic characteristics and payer type during the first year of ...
Jason Janine - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Invasive Cronobacter infection is rare, devastating, and epidemiologically/microbiologically linked to powdered infant formulas (PIFs). In 2002-2004, the US Food and Drug Administration advised health care professionals to minimize PIF and powdered human milk fortifier (HMF)'s preparation, feeding, and storage times and avoid feeding them to hospitalized premature or immunocompromised neonates. ...
Szabo Shelagh M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and hospitalization for lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI; specifically, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)) are important causes of morbidity in infancy. Whether RDS at birth is an independent risk factor for LRTI is unknown. This study estimated the risk of LRTI-related hospitalization among late preterm infants ...
Bérard Anick - - 2012
To compare late-preterm infants (33-36 weeks) with term infants (≥37 weeks) on incidence of morbidities in the first 3 years of life and healthcare costs during the first 2 years of life and third year of life. Administrative health records of live infants born between January 1, 1997, and December ...
Ting Joseph Yuk - - 2012
Background Isolates of nonanthrax Bacillus species in clinical samples are frequently considered as contaminants. However, there were case reports describing Bacillus sepsis among infants, associated with high mortality and morbidity.Methods We performed a retrospective review of the clinical and epidemiological features of Bacillus bacteremia at our neonatal intensive care unit ...
Guardia Carlos G - - 2012
Reintubation and subsequent mechanical ventilation (MV) in preterm infants after surfactant replacement therapy are associated with excess morbidity and mortality and likely increase in-hospital costs. Specific surfactant therapy selection for prevention of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants receiving conventional MV may impact not only clinical outcomes but also ...
Pacifici Gian Maria - - 2012
Neonatal sepsis is common and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Vancomycin is the preferred treatment of several neonatal staphylococcal infections. The aim of this study was to review published data on vancomycin pharmacokinetics in neonates and to provide a critical analysis of the literature. A bibliographic search ...
Pusch Tobias - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) is commonly associated with hospital outbreaks and has been found to be associated with increased morbidity, mortality, length of stay, and health care costs. METHODS: We sought to investigate and control an outbreak of VREfm in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a public ...
Bojan Mirela - - 2012
Association between early renal replacement therapy and better survival has been reported in adults with postoperative kidney injury, but not in children undergoing cardiac surgery. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 146 neonates and infants requiring peritoneal dialysis following cardiac surgery in a tertiary referral hospital. A propensity score ...
Unal Sevim - - 2012
Objective: To investigate etiology, outcome and complications related to neonatal peritoneal dialysis (PD). Methods: Neonates treated with PD in our neonatal intensive care unit during 2007-2010 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Among 4036 hospitalized neonates; 20 neonates (0.5%) who underwent 21 cycles of PD [7 preterm, 13 term; 13 female, 7 ...
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