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Results 201 - 250 of 918
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Leijser Lara M LM Department of Paediatrics, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College, Du Cane Road, London W12 OHS, - - 2007
Structural size in the neonatal brain is of clinical importance. Cranial ultrasonography (cUS) is the primary method used for evaluating the neonatal brain and it is important to know whether linear measurements made using this technique are accurate. To compare linear measurements of different cerebral structures made from neonatal cUS ...
Donohue P K - - 2007
The diagnosis of cerebral palsy is based on evidence of impairment of the motor system, but symptoms become evident only as a premature infant matures. The diagnosis is made typically at 18 to 24 months of age, corrected for gestational age at birth. An earlier and more accurate way to ...
Costantine Maged M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to determine the perinatal predictors of cerebral palsy in extremely low birthweight infants (<1000 g). STUDY DESIGN: A case control study of infants with birthweight of less than 1000 g (19 with cerebral palsy and 38 controls) who survived beyond 18-22 months of corrected age ...
Ribiani E - - 2007
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a complex disease characterized by the aberrant control of movement or posture that appears in early life and affect about 2 per 1000 live-born children. CP represents the most common physical disability in childhood. An association between clinical chorioamnionitis and cerebral palsy has been recognised. Very ...
Blair Eve - - 2007
The objective of the study was to identify the origin (s) of the association between cerebral palsy (CP) and birth defects in the absence of cerebral birth defects. Data from the 1980 to 1994 Western Australian birth cohorts (355 659 neonatal survivors) were linked to the Cerebral Palsy Register (941 ...
Doyle Lex W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Low-dose dexamethasone facilitates extubation in chronically ventilator-dependent infants with no obvious short-term complications. The objective of this study was to determine the long-term effects of low-dose dexamethasone. METHODS: Very preterm (<28 weeks' gestation) or extremely low birth weight (birth weight <1000 g) infants who were ventilator dependent after the ...
Baud Olivier - - 2007
Antenatal glucocorticoid therapy remains one of the most striking successes in the perinatal management of complicated pregnancies that result in premature birth. The anti-inflammatory and maturative properties of fluorocorticoids are such that all women at risk of preterm delivery before 34weeks gestation should be treated. Betamethasone is preferred to dexamethasone ...
Voss Wolfgang - - 2007
AIM: We present a longitudinal study on the neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants with extremely low birth weight <1000 g (ELBW) to answer the question at which age a developmental prognosis can be given. METHODS: A group of 129 ELBW, median birth weight: 794 g (SD 123 g), gestational age: ...
Baenziger Oskar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to investigate the effect of placentofetal transfusion on cerebral oxygenation in preterm infants by near-infrared spectroscopy. SUBJECTS: A total of 39 preterm infants with a median gestational age of 30.4 weeks were randomly assigned to an experiment group (n = 15) and a control group (n ...
Goldberg Caren S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Regional cerebral perfusion has been adopted as a means to improve neuroprotection during aortic arch reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a strategy of regional cerebral perfusion rather than one of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest during aortic arch reconstruction would improve neurodevelopment without increasing morbidity ...
Colon A J - - 2007
Six infants with obstetric brachial palsy, ranging from 4 to 7 months of age, were investigated. One was suspected of having extensive brachial plexus lesions and five were suspected of having a unilateral lesion of both roots C5 and C6. All were referred to our center to investigate the possibility ...
Gibson Catherine S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether selected genetic polymorphisms in the infant are associated with spontaneous preterm birth (less than 37 weeks) among children with or without later-diagnosed cerebral palsy. METHODS: Exploratory case-control study investigating the relationship of gestational age at delivery to 31 single nucleotide polymorphisms measured in newborn screening bloodspots. ...
Nelson Karin B - - 2007
Perinatal ischemic stroke is not rare in term and near-term infants and is an important antecedent of long-term neurological disability, including congenital hemiplegia (hemiplegic cerebral palsy) and seizure and cognitive disorders. Changes in maternal hemostasis occur in pregnancy and are amplified in the period immediately surrounding birth; stroke and other ...
Arpino Carla - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increased use of the cesarean section (CS), the rates of cerebral palsy, a frequent consequence of brain damage, have remained stable over the last decades. Whether an actual decrease in cerebral palsy has been masked by increased survival of infants delivered by CS or not, remains undefined. ...
Parikh Nehal A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to relate postnatal dexamethasone therapy in extremely low birth weight infants (birth weight of < or = 1000 g) to their total and regional brain volumes, as measured by volumetric MRI performed at term-equivalent age. METHODS: Among 53 extremely low birth weight infants discharged between June ...
Vlastos Emanuel J - - 2007
The risk of intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia correlates with fetal brain immaturity. Given that the appearance of fetal heart rate (FHR) accelerations is associated with brain maturation, we tested the hypothesis that neonatal cerebral lesions and developmental delay in very low birthweight newborns are associated with absent reactivity of ...
Skrablin Snjezana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence of neurodevelopmental disabilities in triplets and to find out possible connection between the outcome and perinatal events. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of 94 triplets and their outcome at 24-144 months of age correlated with gestational age, birth weight, pregnancy complications, early neonatal period, neonatal cranial ...
Platt Mary Jane - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The risk of cerebral palsy, the commonest physical disability of children in western Europe, is higher in infants of very low birthweight (VLBW)--those born weighing less than 1500 g--and those from multiple pregnancies than in infants of normal birthweight. An increasing proportion of infants from both of these groups ...
de Kleine Martin J K - - 2007
Perinatal mortality in very preterm infants has decreased by up to 50% during the last decades. Studies of changes of long-term outcome are inconclusive. We studied the visual, auditory, neuromotor, cognitive and behavioural development of two geographically defined populations of very preterm, singleton infants, born in 1983 and in 1993, ...
Washburn Lisa K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It is important to determine if rates of survival and major neurodevelopmental impairment in extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs; infants born at 23-27 weeks gestation) are changing over time. METHODS: Study infants were born at 23 to 27 weeks of gestation without congenital anomalies at a tertiary medical ...
Dahlin Lars B - - 2007
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Posterior dislocation of the shoulder in brachial plexus birth palsy during the first year of life is rare but the incidence increases with age. The aim was to calculate the incidence of these lesions in children below one year of age. METHODS: The incidence of brachial plexus birth ...
Mollberg Margareta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association between obstetric brachial plexus palsy and obstetrical maneuvers during the second stage of delivery. METHODS: Prospective population-based case control study. Cases of obstetric brachial plexus palsy were compared with a randomly selected control group with regard to obstetric management. RESULTS: Five or more obstetrical maneuvers ...
Xue Hui H Imaging Sciences Department, Imperial College, London, Du cane Road, W12 0NN, UK. - - 2007
Understanding the rapid evolution of cerebral cortical surfaces in developing neonates is essential in order to understand normal human brain development and to study anatomical abnormalities in preterm infants. Several methods to model and align cortical surfaces for cross-sectional studies have been developed. However, the registration of cortical surfaces extracted ...
Sameshima Hiroshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine bacterial infection is important as a high risk factor associated with subsequent brain damage of the newborn. AIMS: To see if mature fetuses require both hypoxia and intrauterine infection to lead to cerebral palsy, while premature fetuses need infection alone. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: 230 ...
Drougia A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral palsy (CP) is associated with prenatal, perinatal and postnatal factors. This is a retrospective case-control study aiming to determine the frequency of CP and examine risk factors for CP among infants cared for in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) covering Northwest Greece. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: All neonates ...
Kobayashi Satoru - - 2006
The incidence of late-onset circulatory dysfunction (LCD) of premature infants, which is characterized by sudden hypotension and oliguria, has recently increased in Japan. This condition suddenly occurs after several days of age without obvious causes in preterm infants with stable respiration and circulation. Intravenous steroids frequently improve the hypotension. The ...
Espay Alberto J - - 2006
A 48-year-old man developed progressive hemidystonia and postural impairment with falls, followed by choreoathetosis, hyporeflexia, ataxia, supranuclear vertical gaze palsy, and dementia, lasting only 3.5 years from symptom onset to death. Family history and genetic testing were unrevealing. Neuropathology showed findings identical to genetic dentatorubral pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA), except for ...
Giménez M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of prematurity on sulcal formation. METHODS: We evaluated the depth and volume of the primary olfactory sulcus (developed at 16 weeks' gestation) and the secondary orbital sulci (which start to develop at 28 weeks' gestation) in a sample of 22 adolescents with history of very-preterm ...
Mongan Deirdre - - 2006
An ongoing population-based register of cerebral palsy (CP) in the West of Ireland was established in 2002 to calculate the prevalence of CP and to monitor CP epidemiological trends in the area. Children were only included if they were at least 5 years of age; children with postneonatal CP were ...
Tomita Yutaka - - 2006
This study is aimed at constructing the neurophysiological basis for determining the characteristic features of cerebral motor disturbance in representative cerebral palsy (CP) types using topographical S-SEPs technology. Median-nerve stimulated S-SEPs (MN-SSEPs) were examined for 23 patients with four representative types of cerebral palsy: 6 athetotic (including 3 patients due ...
Vincer Michael J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: It is unclear whether declines in neonatal and infant mortality have led to changes in the occurrence of cerebral palsy. We conducted a study to examine and investigate recent temporal changes in the prevalence of cerebral palsy in a population-based cohort of very preterm infants who were 24 to ...
Liu Jing - - 2007
This study investigated the effect of myocardial dysfunction on the cerebral hemodynamics in term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We evaluated myocardial systolic and diastolic functional parameters and cerebral hemodynamic parameters in 40 term newborn infants with HIE and 30 healthy controls during the first 14 days of life using ...
Reid Susan M - - 2006
AIM: To use the information from a population-based cerebral palsy register to describe post-neonatally acquired cerebral palsy, to determine trends over time and relate any aetiological trends to community preventative measures. METHODS: Data on cases of post-neonatally acquired cerebral palsy, between the birth years 1970 and 1999, were generated from ...
Hudić Igor - - 2006
AIM: To investigate risk factors for brachial plexus palsy in newborns. We analyzed 45 544 live-born children, born over a nine-year period from January 1, 1996 to December 31, 2004. METHODS: The analysis was retrospective and based on the medical documentation of the Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinic for ...
Shankaran Seetha - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypocarbia and hyperoxia are risk factors for periventricular leukomalacia in low birth weight infants. The association of a cumulative index of exposure to hypocarbia and hyperoxia and periventricular leukomalacia has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to examine the relationship between cumulative index of exposure to hypocarbia and ...
Healy Genevieve N - - 2006
Multiple frequency bio-electrical impedance analysis (MFBIA) may be useful for monitoring fluid balance in newborn infants or to provide early prediction of the outcome following perinatal asphyxia. A reference range of data is needed for identification of babies with abnormal impedance values. This was a cross-sectional observational study in 84 ...
Shah Amee K - - 2006
This study surveyed microsurgeons on treatments chosen for infants with brachial plexus birth palsies who have had failure of antigravity biceps and/or triceps function due to nerve surgery or natural history. Questionnaires were sent to surgeons participating in a prospective multicenter brachial plexus birth palsy study. With a response rate ...
Graham Ernest M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Electronic fetal heart rate monitoring (EFM) is the most widely used method of intrapartum surveillance, and our objective is to review its ability to prevent perinatal brain injury and death. DATA SOURCES: Studies that quantified intrapartum EFM and its relation to specific neurologic outcomes (seizures, periventricular leukomalacia, cerebral palsy, ...
Woodward Lianne J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Very preterm infants are at high risk for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been proposed as a means of predicting neurodevelopmental outcomes in this population. METHODS: We studied 167 very preterm infants (gestational age at birth, 30 weeks or less) to assess the associations between qualitatively ...
Wu Yvonne W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to study risk factors and neuroimaging characteristics of cerebral palsy in term and near-term infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Among a cohort of 334,339 infants > or = 36 weeks' gestation born at Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program in northern California in 1991-2003, we ...
Park I Sook - - 2006
Abnormal neurodevelopment has been reported for infants who were born with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and underwent arterial switch operation (ASO). This study evaluates the cerebral metabolism of TGA infants at birth and before ASO and neurodevelopment 1 year after ASO. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) was performed ...
Cheong J L Y - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Results from cerebral proton (1)H-MR spectroscopy studies of neonates with perinatal hypoxic-ischemic injury have generally been presented as metabolite peak-area ratios, which are T1- and T2-weighted, rather than absolute metabolite concentrations. We hypothesized that compared with (1)H-MR spectroscopy peak-area ratios, calculation of absolute metabolite concentrations and relaxation times measured ...
Malamateniou Christina C Robert Steiner MRI Unit, Imaging Sciences Department, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, Imperial College London, London, UK. - - 2006
Preterm birth is associated with a high incidence of neurodevelopmental deficits. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has proved to be a valuable tool for monitoring development in the preterm brain. We used a dedicated time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) protocol at 3 Tesla (3T) optimized to assess morphological characteristics of ...
Billiards Saraid S - - 2006
Although microglial activation may be an initial beneficial response to a variety of insults, prolonged activation can release toxic substances and lead to cell death. Microglial activation secondary to hypoxia-ischemia and/or infection in immature cerebral white matter is important in the pathogenesis of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), the major pathological substrate ...
Barbarello-Andrews Liza - - 2006
Surfactant therapy has become an integral part of the standard of care for treating premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Institutions that routinely treat this patient population have to select a surfactant based upon clinical and pharmacoeconomic considerations. Pharmacoeconomic studies have established the cost-effectiveness of individual agents based on ...
Spinillo A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether changes over time in neonatal survival and infants' neurodevelopmental outcome among very low birthweight (VLBW) infants was correlated with the obstetric aetiology of VLBW. DESIGN: A cohort study of 773 VLBW infants. SETTING: A University hospital in Northern Italy. POPULATION: All the VLBW infants born over ...
Noetzel Michael J - - 2006
In this article "perinatal trauma" is restricted to injuries that are sustained by the infant during the labor and delivery primarily as a result of mechanical factors, with the understanding that even under optimal circumstances, the process of birth is traumatic. Mechanical insults to the perinatal brain may result in ...
Dördelmann M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation plays a role in prematurity, in neonatal disorders of the brain, lung, eye, bowel, and in developmental disability among preterm infants. We initiated a pilot study in preterm children to determine the prevalence of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the infection/inflammation-associated genes for interleukin (IL)-10 (- 1082 G/A), ...
Jarvis Stephen - - 2006
When birth weight for gestation is used as a surrogate for intrauterine growth, the prevalence of cerebral palsy varies continuously in a reversed J shape, with steep increases in the risk for infants lighter and heavier than the optimum size. Patterns of size-at-birth specific risk for cerebral palsy differ between ...
Hutton Jane L - - 2006
The life expectancy of people who have perinatally acquired cerebral palsy can be similar to that of the general population, or it can be reduced substantially. The most important factors that are associated with reduced survival are disabilities of motor, cognitive, or visual functions. Prematurity and low birth weight are ...
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