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Skranes J S - - 1992
Cerebral MRI was performed at 1.5 T in 27 infants with birth weight below 1500 grams at 1 year of corrected age. The images were compared to those reported on normal development at the same age. On T1 weighted images, 20 (74.1%) of the 27 infants showed myelin deposition different ...
Wagerle L C - - 1992
Cerebral arteries of newborn pigs and baboons constrict to acetylcholine, suggesting that endothelium-dependent dilator mechanisms may be lacking in immature cerebral arteries. The present study tested this possibility in the immature sheep by examining the response of cerebral arterioles in fetal and newborn sheep to endothelium-dependent dilator, acetylcholine. Pial arteriolar ...
Mires G J - - 1991
One-hundred-and-three infants with a birthweight of less than 1500 g and delivering at a gestation of less than 32 weeks were examined by serial cranial ultrasound scans. A capillary blood sample was drawn for blood gas analysis within 1 h of birth in all cases. The subsequent development of intracranial ...
Kempley S T - - 1991
Blood flow velocity and pulsatility index were measured with Doppler ultrasound in the superior mesenteric artery, coeliac axis, and anterior cerebral artery in 18 very low birth weight, small for gestational age infants, and compared with findings from 18 weight matched, and 18 gestation matched, appropriate for gestational age controls. ...
Melone P J - - 1991
Cerebral palsy affects 2 in 1000 infants in the United States, and the intrapartum period is frequently scrutinized as the etiologic source. In a matched group of 49 infants with cerebral palsy at 1 year of age and 49 controls, no difference in the incidence of inappropriate intrapartum fetal heart ...
Kurmanavichius J - - 1991
Using Doppler ultrasound, cerebral blood flow velocities (CBFV) in the first month of life of normoxemic preterm infants born in the 28th gestational week with stable circulatory conditions were examined. The results were compared with fetal CBFV in the 28th to 32nd weeks of pregnancy. Peak systolic (PSV), end-diastolic (EDV) ...
Leonard C T - - 1991
Electromyographic and kinematic data were collected during treadmill locomotion by normal infants and infants with cerebral palsy. Locomotor patterns of the infants with cerebral palsy were similar to those of normal infants during the stage of supported locomotion, but as they matured, some of the characteristics of the infant stepping ...
Wyatt J S - - 1991
The response of cerebral blood volume (CBVR) to a small induced change in arterial carbon dioxide tension was studied by near-infrared spectroscopy in 17 newborn infants born from 26 wk of gestation to term. All 17 infants were undergoing mechanical ventilation but had apparently normal brains. The CBVR per kPa ...
Fazzi E - - 1991
Cystic periventricular Leukomalacia (CPVL), a hypoxic-ischemic lesion of the neonatal brain, which can now be diagnosed in life thanks to ultrasound brain scanning, is considered to be one of the main causes of cerebral palsy (CP), especially in preterm infants. The purpose of our study was to verify this assumption ...
Cooke R W - - 1991
The annual survival rates and incidence of cerebral haemorrhage in 2618 preterm infants of 34 weeks' gestation or less were examined in one referral centre over a 10 year period from January 1980 to December 1989. Survival was independently related to weight, gestation, sex, and inborn delivery. When these variables ...
Zuasnabar A - - 1991
A premature infant with nonbacterial endocardial thrombosis and embolization of the cerebral circulation is presented. The patient was born at 32 weeks with a birthweight of 1480 g. Pregnancy was complicated by toxemia and placental infarctions. Echocardiographic examination by 12 hours after birth revealed a large mass in the right ...
Escobar G J - - 1991
Because published outcome studies are the only available source of data about the morbidity among surviving very low birthweight infants (VLBW, less than 1500 g) a search was carried out of 1136 references in the English language. A total of 111 outcome studies were found that reported morbidity data in ...
Amato M - - 1991
Changes of cerebral blood flow were determined in 20 preterm infants undergoing blue-light phototherapy for hyperbilirubinemia. All were healthy very-low-birth-weight infants (less than 1,500 g) with normal brain sonograms and not under pharmacological treatment at the time of the investigation. Blood flow velocity (pulsatility index and area under velocity curve) ...
Donley D K - - 1991
The prognosis of perinatal asphyxia depends on the severity and duration of the insult, the gestational age and weight of the affected infant, and the association with other serious medical conditions. The mortality is high in the newborn period. Survivors may escape unscathed or face long-term handicaps including cerebral palsy, ...
Mito T - - 1992
We studied the neuropathology of 7 infants who had primary respiratory problems unrelated to increased intracranial pressure. These infants ranged in age from newborn to 2 years. Five were male. In 2 of them the main neuropathological findings were in the brainstem with prominent neuroglial heterotopia in the subarachnoid space, ...
Brann B S BS - - 1991
Lateral cerebral ventricular volume in 36 preterm infants with or without an intraventricular hemorrhage, and with or without posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus, was measured longitudinally and compared with the ventricular index measurements of the same ventricles. A poor correlation was found (r2 = 0.67). To determine a reason for this poor relationship, ...
Anthony M Y - - 1991
Because little is known about spontaneous changes in cerebral blood flow in neonates, a newly developed online Doppler technique was used to insonate continuously the middle cerebral arteries of a group of sick (n = 20) and full term healthy (n = 16) newborn infants for a period of one ...
Huang C C - - 1991
Cranial ultrasound examinations with 5.0 and 7.5 mHZ transducers during the first 3 days of life on 60 appropriate-for-date newborns with gestational age 24-36 wks were performed to determine the sulcal development of cerebral cortex in utero. The sulci appeared and developed in sequence. All the calcarine fissure and most ...
Takiguchi T - - 1991
We studied the relation between vestibular functions and neurological diagnosis in 477 brain damaged infants and children who had delayed gross motor functions. They were divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of 319 infants with cerebral palsy in the first year of life, and Group 2 consisted of 158 ...
Winberg P - - 1990
Postnatal changes in intracranial arterial blood flow velocity, were studied in preterm infants of less than 34 weeks of gestation. The blood flow velocity was measured in an artery on the base of the skull, using a range-gated Doppler ultrasound velocimeter. Ten healthy infants (mean gestational age 32.5 weeks), and ...
Byrne P - - 1990
We prospectively performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies during the neonatal period, and at 4 and 8 months of age, on 15 term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, and compared the results with their neurodevelopmental outcome at 18 months of age. Cerebral palsy developed in nine infants, two infants were classified ...
Kyllerman M - - 1990
Clinical, biochemical and morphological findings in a 16-month-old infant girl with pseudo-neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy are reported. The parents were first cousins and the baby was born at term, small for gestational age. The neonatal period was characterized by convulsions resistant to treatment, generalized, severe muscle hypotonus, feeding difficulties and poor weight ...
Lipitz S - - 1990
During the period 1975-1989, 11 high-order (quadruplet or more) multifetal gestations reaching the second trimester were treated in our department. All pregnancies resulted from ovulation induction therapy. Premature contractions occurred in all cases. Two women delivered stillborn quadruplets vaginally at 25 and 26 weeks' gestation. Nine women had cesarean deliveries ...
Lui K - - 1990
To evaluate the effect of ventricular dilation (VD) on cerebral hemodynamics, serial cerebral bloodflow velocity patterns from the anterior and middle cerebral, and circle of Willis arteries were examined by range-gated, pulsed Doppler sonography in premature infants developing post-hemorrhagic VD. Nine infants (25 to 30 weeks gestation) without a patent ...
Konishi Y - - 1990
Twenty-one infants younger than 12 months of age were diagnosed as having periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Ten infants had experienced neonatal asphyxia, 6 intracranial hemorrhage, 2 bacterial meningitis, and 3 apnea. PVH was classified according to its extent. Round foci of PVH surrounding the frontal and ...
Aso K - - 1990
A retrospective analysis was performed on 54 infants who suffered perinatal hypoxic-ischemic insults and came to autopsy, in an attempt to assess the association of cerebral infarcts with seizures. Fifty infants had several types of cerebrovascular lesions, including intraventricular hemorrhage (32 cases), periventricular leukomalacia (24), ischemic neuronal necrosis (18), pontosubicular ...
Pryds O - - 1990
The relationship of cerebral blood flow to acute changes in arterial carbon dioxide and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) was determined during the first day of life in 19 severely asphyxiated term infants supported by mechanical ventilation. For comparison, 12 infants without perinatal asphyxia were also investigated. Global cerebral blood ...
Pharoah P O - - 1990
A register of infants with cerebral palsy born to mothers resident in the Mersey region from 1967-84 has been maintained using various sources of information. A total of 1056 patients are registered of whom 331 (31%) have hemiplegia or mixed hemiplegia, 236 (22%) have diplegias or mixed diplegia, and 369 ...
Johnson A - - 1990
We identified 410 infants who were not walking independently by the age of 18 months from among a geographically defined population of 4275 infants who either were born weighing less than 2000 g or had needed admission to the special care nursery in the neonatal period. The outcome of the ...
Pryds O - - 1990
In 18 spontaneously breathing, preterm infants (mean gestational age 30.3 weeks) cerebral blood flow (CBF) was investigated twice, 2 and 3 hours after birth when spontaneous changes in arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2) and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) were expected. Transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcO2) was kept normal by adjusting ...
Pleasure J R - - 1990
An infant weighing 740 gm at birth underwent right internal jugular venous cannulation for the administration of parenteral nutrition at age 17 days. The roentgenogram obtained to assess catheter placement revealed a high right diaphragm for the first time in the course of the infant. The phrenic palsy was incurred ...
Rodriguez J - - 1990
Ultrasound scans of a preterm neonate (27 weeks gestation) at seven weeks of age showed periventricular echo-free cavities, but these were no longer visible at 15 weeks, three weeks before the infant died. At autopsy, a linear glial scar, extending from the periventricular white-matter into the white axis of the ...
Allen M C - - 1990
The evolution of tone and reflexes from 25 weeks postmenstrual age (gestational age plus chronologic age) to term in a population of 42 surviving infants is described. The infants were born in 1983 at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, had birth weights less than 1300 g, were examined weekly until neonatal ...
Pidcock F S - - 1990
We studied the value of neonatal neurosonograms in preterm infants for predicting the development of cerebral palsy (CP). All infants born at less than 33 weeks of gestation who were admitted to the intensive care nursery of Thomas Jefferson University Hospital from 1982 to 1986 were serially studied with cranial ...
Colditz P B - - 1990
Cerebral electrical impedance (dZ) and intra-arterial blood pressure were measured continuously during the first 48 h after birth in 26 sick ventilated preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1500 g. The aim was to establish whether any patterns of dZp or the variability of either blood pressure or ...
Wyatt J S - - 1990
Current methods for measuring cerebral blood volume (CBV) in newborn infants are unsatisfactory. A new method is described in which the effect of a small change (5-10%) in arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) on cerebral oxyhemoglobin [HbO2] and deoxyhemoglobin [Hb] concentration is observed by near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Previous experiments in which ...
van de Bor M - - 1990
We measured the acceleration times in the pericallosal, internal carotid, and basilar arteries with two-dimensional/pulsed Doppler ultrasonography in 145 nondistressed preterm and term infants between 24 and 48 hours after birth. In all three arteries we found a linear relationship between the acceleration time and menstrual age or birth weight. ...
Cooke R W - - 1990
Eighty one very low birthweight survivors with cerebral palsy were matched with controls by sex, gestational age, and place of birth. Using discriminant analysis, the perinatal profiles for infants with cerebral palsy and their controls were shown to differ significantly. When infants with various types of cerebral palsy were analysed ...
Wyatt J S - - 1990
The time taken for an extremely short pulse of near-infrared laser light to traverse the heads of 6 preterm infants was measured after death. The values obtained were used to calculate a differential path length factor (DPF), defined as the mean distance travelled by the photons divided by the distance ...
Thornberg E - - 1990
Cerebral Function Monitor (CFM) recordings were performed on 10 term and 19 preterm healthy infants. Term infants were monitored once, while preterm infants were followed serially. Forty-six recordings were made on 7, 14, 16 and 9 occasions in the age groups 30-31, 32-33, 34-35 and 36-37 weeks. All infants were ...
Jorch G - - 1990
To investigate changes of intracerebral blood flow velocity correlated to different behavioural states, pulsed Doppler measurements were performed on anterior cerebral artery in 12 preterm and term neonates under polygraphic recordings and in view of the infants' behavioural state. Under very strict definition of the behavioural states there were significant ...
Deeg K H - - 1990
25 infants, 23 newborns and 2 older infants with B-mode sonographic evidence of cerebral edema (gestational age of the newborns 39.1 +/- 2.1 weeks, weight 3270 +/- 672 g) were examined by means of pulsed Doppler sonography. Pulsed Doppler recordings were obtained in the anterior cerebral, internal carotid, basilar, and ...
Adhikari M - - 1990
Twenty-five full term severely asphyxiated newborn babies with cerebral oedema were divided into 2 groups and treated on a randomised basis with either Mannitol or no Mannitol. We report our findings and conclude that Mannitol is of no benefit in the management of cerebral oedema in severely asphyxiated term infants.
Falco N A NA Division of Plastic Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 1990
This study retrospectively identifies and characterizes patients with facial palsy related to birth trauma and describes the natural history of this disorder. The records of infants born with facial weakness or paralysis over a 5-year period at Brigham and Women's Hospital were reviewed, and criteria were defined to assign a ...
Fenton A C - - 1990
To test the hypothesis that impairment of cerebral perfusion and cerebrovascular autoregulation play a part in the pathogenesis of neurological injury in the critically sick neonate, we tested in 33 infants a small, light-weight probe and cable that are attached to the infant's skin to record cerebral blood flow velocity ...
Blair E - - 1990
Birth weight, gestational age at delivery, and other factors were collected for 171 white children with spastic cerebral palsy. Their birth weights were compared with the birth weight distribution expected for a population of the same race, gestation, sex, maternal height, and parity, born in the same geographic area, and ...
Shortland D B - - 1990
Doppler ultrasound was used to study prospectively cerebral and cardiovascular hemodynamics in a cohort of 120 preterm infants to see whether it was possible to predict infants at increased risk of developing cerebral pathology. The infants were divided into four outcome groups: Group I (n = 65, median gestation = ...
Drake R A - - 1990
This paper argues that the rightward preference observed in most infants can be described as the consequence of two characteristics of the human brain: (1) hemispheric asymmetry of processes underlying emotional experience and (2) priming of cerebral function. Ample research evidence supports each of these propositions, and they have gained ...
Williams L J - - 1990
Intrapartum asphyxia rarely causes cerebral palsy. More than 90% of cases of cerebral palsy are now believed to result from an antecedent intrauterine developmental abnormality. It is now also known that there is an association between subacute and chronic intrauterine hypoxia (decreased uteroplacental blood flow) and brain damage. We present ...
Towfighi J - - 1989
A 3-month-old infant with congenital hypotonia suffering from an unusual form of glycogenosis is reported. The most striking neuropathologic findings were vacuolation of neuropile and glycogen accumulation, especially in the cerebral cortex and cerebellar molecular layer. Ultrastructurally, glycogen accumulation was present mainly in neurites and astrocytic processes, and mostly appeared ...
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