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Bennett F C - - 1997
Despite improvements in survival rates for low birthweight (LBW) infants, the prevalence among survivors of major neurodevelopmental impairment seems relatively stable. Cerebral palsy, the most common major impairment, can usually be ruled out by 18 months corrected age. Minor impairments such as learning disabilities cannot be ruled out until much ...
Cioni G - - 1997
The correlation between MRI findings and sensorimotor development was investigated in a group of 48 infants with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (CP). The ages at MRI examination and cognitive assessment were fairly homogeneous (mean 15 months and 17 months, respectively). The following MRI parameters were scored: size of lateral ventricles, ...
Groenendaal F - - 1997
The present study tested the hypothesis that proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) predicted neurodevelopmental outcome in infants with cystic leukomalacia (CL). Nineteen infants with CL (grade 2, N = 7; grade 3, N = 7; grade 4, N = 5), graded according to the authors' classification, were examined at corrected ...
Vohr B R - - 1997
Advances in perinatal and neonatal management have resulted in a significant increase in the survival of fragile extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants > 1,000 g at birth. The evaluation and reporting of the outcome of these infants aids in assessing the efficacy of interventions, provides data to aid in ...
Allan W C - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To determine if cerebral palsy (CP) rates were lower in the active treatment group compared with the control group, as improved survival rates of very low-birth-weight infants are postulated to be the cause of the increased incidence of CP in preterm infants, to evaluate relationships between multiple prenatal, perinatal, ...
Spinillo A - - 1997
To evaluate the simultaneous effects of antenatal and delivery risk factors on neonatal death and cerebral palsy in preterm infants, we conducted a cohort study of 363 singleton pregnancies delivered between 24 and 33 weeks gestation. Neurodevelopmental outcome of the infants was evaluated at 2 years of corrected age. Risk ...
Davis D W - - 1997
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a nonprogressive disorder of motor function. Although it has been recognized for more than a century, much remains unknown regarding its etiology. It has been estimated that 17 to 60 percent of the cases of CP have no known perinatal or neonatal complications. Undocumented antenatal events ...
de Vries L S - - 1997
Twenty-three infants with an infarct in the territory of the middle cerebral artery are reported. The diagnosis was made using cranial ultrasound in all, confirmed on postmortem in two cases and on MRI, performed during the neonatal period or in infancy, in 18 of the 20 survivors. Involvement of the ...
Patel J - - 1997
Perinatal asphyxia at term remains a significant cause of infant death and neurodevelopmental impairment, probably causing 20% of all cases of cerebral palsy. This review examines indicators that can help determine the prognosis after suspected asphyxia in term infants, including obstetric information, clinical examination, and diagnostic methods based on neurophysiology, ...
Børch K - - 1997
Studies on the kinetics of 99mTc-D,L-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO) in adults have shown that it is not an ideal tracer of CBF because it underestimates high-flow areas. Knowledge of the kinetics of the tracer is important in evaluating the studies. The kinetics of 99mTc-HMPAO in infants may be different from ...
Williams M C - - 1997
The relationship between low ponderal index and cerebral palsy was evaluated. National Collaborative Perinatal Project and University of California Child Health and Development Study data were analyzed. Associations between low ponderal index (ponderal index < 5% for gestational age) were evaluated in the combined population, in term and preterm infants, ...
Estan J - - 1997
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of unilateral neonatal cerebral infarction in infants born at 32 weeks gestation and above; to describe the clinical course, imaging results, and outcome of neonatal cerebral infarction; and to investigate possible aetiology. METHODS: Twelve cases of unilateral neonatal cerebral infarction were identified from neonatal unit ...
Higuchi Y - - 1997
Two preterm infants with extensive periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) were examined by [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) at the corrected ages of 18 and 34 days. They showed similar clinical courses including oculoclonic seizure, hypsarrhythmia and severe mental retardation, in addition, to spastic quadriplegia. FDG-PET study of these two infants with severe ...
Murphy D J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To identify neonatal risk factors for cerebral palsy among very preterm babies and in particular the associations independent of the coexistence of antenatal and intrapartum factors. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Oxford health region. SUBJECTS: Singleton babies born between 1984 and 1990 at less than 32 weeks' gestation who survived ...
Reynolds K J - - 1997
The cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) frequency spectra were studied in 106 premature and term newborns (gestational age range. 24-42 wk) and compared with the heart rate (HR) and mean arterial blood pressure (BP) spectra over the 0.005-0.5 Hz range. CBFV, BP, and HR were shown to have similar but ...
Grönlund J - - 1997
Transcephalic electrical impedance (delta Z) was used to assess pulsatile cerebral blood volume changes while tilting nine premature (30-34 weeks) infants 20 degrees head up. High-frequency (1.50-4.00 Hz) delta Z variability decreased 27% while heart rate did not show any change. We would like to suggest that the variability of ...
Müller A M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Early detection of pathophysiological factors associated with permanent and severe brain damage in preterm infants requiring intensive care is a major issue in neonatal neurology. The aim of this study was to investigate if an abnormal CO2 reactivity of cerebral blood flow in high risk very low birth weight ...
Allen M C - - 1997
Pediatricians often informally use motor milestones to screen infant motor development, and one advantage is that they can be used during sequential office visits, as a multistep screening process. In this study we evaluated six motor milestones (roll prone to supine, roll supine to prone, sit with support, sit without ...
Balcom T A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The incidence of neonatal stroke in full-term infants has been cautiously estimated as 1:10,000, but infants can initially have few symptoms, and the condition has the potential for underdiagnosis. Follow-up studies of known full-term neonatal stroke victims beyond 3 years of age indicate that most develop some form of ...
Ekert P G - - 1997
We hypothesized that somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) recorded early in the course of a preterm infant life would be predictive of long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. We recorded unilateral, median nerve SEPs in 88 preterm infants twice in the first 3 weeks of life (SEP1 and SEP2). We found both SEP1 and ...
Vilensky J A - - 1997
The Denny-Brown collection of primate lesion material was used to test the hypothesis that there is a difference in the rate of forelimb and hind limb recovery of locomotor movements after major unilateral cerebral ablation (pre/postcentral gyrus, decortication or hemispherectomy). The results indicate that, following major cerebral injury, hind limb ...
Zupan V - - 1996
The dramatic improvement in neonatal care during the last decade did not succeed in reducing the incidence of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), suggesting that prenatal events may be the main target for PVL prevention. The studied cohort included 753 very preterm infants born between 24 and 32 weeks of gestational age, ...
Pharoah P O - - 1996
AIM: To compare the birthweight specific prevalence of cerebral palsy in singleton and multiple births. METHODS: Registered births of babies with cerebral palsy born to mothers resident in the counties of Merseyside and Cheshire during the period 1982 to 1989 were ascertained. RESULTS: The crude prevalence of cerebral palsy was ...
Zafeiriou D I - - 1996
Nine infants with an underlying static encephalopathy (confirmed as cerebral palsy in a later follow-up examination) and newly diagnosed infantile spasms were entered in an open study with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and vigabatrin as the initial therapy regimen. The ACTH was discontinued after 4-6 weeks and the infants were maintained ...
Hsu N - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors of development of cerebral palsy (CP) in preterm infants who had periventricular echogenic abnormalities with or without cyst formation. During a period of 66 months, 332 newborns of 34 weeks gestation or less born at our hospital received serial ...
Pharoah P O - - 1996
AIM: To determine the prevalence of cerebral palsy in a specific population. METHODS: Multiple sources of ascertainment were used to create and maintain a register of all cases of cerebral palsy born to mothers resident in the counties of Merseyside and Cheshire in the years 1966 to 1989. Denominator data ...
Hagberg B - - 1996
Our Swedish population-based cerebral palsy (CP) project started 25 years ago and today covers the birth years 1954-1990, with over 1400 CP cases. This large series (1, 2, 3) has opened new perspectives on time trends and aetiological background factors, where two areas of successively increasing knowledge stand out as ...
Sonesson S E - - 1996
We report on two newborn infants with foetal tachycardia and cerebral lesions. Using foetal echocardiography, the diagnosis of supraventricular tachycardia in a structurally normal heart was made at 28 and 37 weeks of gestation, respectively. One infant had a 3 week period of foetal tachycardia and hydrops before successful pharmacological ...
Kempley S T - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To document perinatal changes in cerebral and renal artery haemodynamics in premature growth-retarded and normal term infants. DESIGN: Longitudinal study of individual infants. Doppler ultrasound measurements of blood flow velocity (BFV) in the middle cerebral and renal arteries were obtained before delivery, soon after delivery and during the first ...
Cady E B - - 1996
Regional cerebral metabolite concentrations, principally of choline-containing compounds (Cho), total creatine (Cr), N-acetylaspartate (Naa), and lactate (Lac), can be quantified by in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. In order to estimate a metabolite concentration, it is often necessary to measure the transverse relaxation time (T2). Metabolite T2s depend on cytosolic ...
Rouse D J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Because recent epidemiologic data suggest an association between maternal magnesium sulfate use and a decreased risk of cerebral palsy in infants who survive preterm birth, we investigated the feasibility of a randomized trial of intrapartum maternally administered magnesium sulfate to prevent cerebral palsy in children who were born before ...
Weindling A M - - 1996
The aim of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that infants at high risk of cerebral palsy would benefit from early physiotherapy. In total, 105 infants with abnormal cranial ultrasound scans were randomized at around term to early physiotherapy or standard treatment (delaying physiotherapy until abnormal physical signs became ...
Williams M C - - 1996
To determine whether asymmetric growth restriction, abnormally lean body morphology, is associated with cerebral palsy (CP) in infants born with perinatal depression, perinatally depressed Collaborative Perinatal Project infants were assessed. Rates of ponderal index less than 5% for gestational age and race (low PI), a marker for asymmetric growth, were ...
Murphy D J - - 1996
Neuropathological examinations were carried out at necropsy on 83 very pre-term babies who died during their first hospital admission. Forty seven (57%) babies had evidence of cerebral damage-39 with ischaemic white matter damage. The time of onset of ischaemic lesions was thought to be prenatal in 12 cases (31%) and ...
Leth H - - 1996
Perinatal asphyxia is an important cause of neurological disability, but early prediction of outcome can be difficult. We performed proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and global cerebral blood flow measurements by xenon-133 clearance in 16 infants with evidence of perinatal asphyxia. Cerebral blood flow was determined daily in the first ...
Chan F Y - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To study the use of middle cerebral arterial Doppler findings in a group of high-risk fetuses as a predictor of adverse perinatal outcome, including subsequent neurologic handicap. METHODS: A group of very high-risk fetuses was recruited over a 2-year period for study. Weekly fetal biometries and Doppler studies of ...
Pinto-Martin J A - - 1996
We assess the prevalence of vision problems in a cohort of low birth weight infants at age 2 years and the relationship of these problems to neonatal brain injury. Data on prenatal and neonatal history and brain injury status were prospectively collected on 721 children weighing 500-2,000 gm at birth ...
Waugh J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and perinatal predictors of cerebral palsy, intellectual impairment, visual impairment and deafness in a cohort of extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants at two years of age. METHODOLOGY: The study population comprised 199 of the 224 (89%) ELBW infants managed at the Mater's Mothers Hospital, Brisbane, ...
Hanrahan J D - - 1996
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) was performed within 18 h of birth (median 13, range 4-18 h) on 16 term infants with clinical features of birth asphyxia. Ten infants with no evidence of birth asphyxia were studied as controls at 5-18 (median 8) h after birth. To detect delayed ...
Murphy D J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and timing of neonatal ultrasound lesions, and clinical details about pregnancy and the perinatal period, in a total population of extremely premature children with cerebral palsy, born to mothers who were resident in Oxfordshire. METHODS: Eighteen children born at less than 32 completed weeks of ...
Boltshauser E - - 1996
We describe three children with unilateral cerebellar aplasia (UCA). Deliveries at term and neonatal periods were uneventful. Pregnancy was normal in one and complicated by mild bleeding (in second and fourth month respectively) in two instances. Presenting signs were delayed motor development with marked contralateral torticollis (n = 1), hemiplegia ...
Martinussen M - - 1996
We investigated the early postnatal changes of the mesenteric circulation and its relation to the systemic circulation in 15 preterm infants. The infants were studied before the first feeding on d 1 and pre- and postprandially on d 3, 4, 5, and 7. Blood flow velocity was measured by ultrasound ...
al-Saedi S A - - 1996
We report the outcome of 12 very low birth weight infants with macrocrania caused by subarachnoid fluid collections. By the age of 15 to 18 months, head growth had stabilized along a curve above and parallel to the 95th percentile. No infant required neurosurgical intervention, nor was cerebral palsy or ...
Lambrenos K - - 1996
The prevalence of maternal depression was investigated in the mothers of 96 children: 30 premature infants at risk for the development of cerebral palsy; 35 premature infants considered not to be at risk for the development of cerebral palsy; and 31 healthy fullterm infants. There were equally high levels of ...
Topp M - - 1996
In a case-control study, gestational age and intrauterine growth of 191 preterm singleton infants 1971-82 with cerebral palsy were compared to all preterm live-born singletons in Denmark in 1982 (N = 2203). The distribution of gestational age among preterm cases was slightly bimodal with maximum values at 29 and 32 ...
Murphy D J - - 1995
The increase in survival of very preterm babies during the 1980s was accompanied by a sharp increase in the rate of cerebral palsy in this group. The relation between antenatal and intrapartum factors and cerebral palsy in such babies has not been well defined. To identify adverse and protective antenatal ...
Wickramasinghe Y A - - 1995
Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used to detect changes in cerebral blood and tissue oxygenation. Redox state of enzyme cytochrome aa3 (Cyt aa3 is thought to give an indication of tissue oxygenation. This information would be of value in exploring the aetiology of cerebral ischaemic lesions in preterm infants. ...
David A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Insight has recently re-emerged as an important aspect of psychopathology amenable to empirical study. We sought to examine the relationship between various aspects of insight into illness and clinical, sociodemographic and neuropsychological variables. METHOD: From an inner-London catchment area population, 150 in-patients with recent onset of psychosis were assessed ...
Guendelman S - - 1995
Adverse pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight are increased among US-born mothers of Mexican descent compared with immigrant mothers born in Mexico. It is unknown whether adverse reproductive outcomes change among Mexican immigrants after only 5 years of US residence. The authors conducted a study of 1,114 Mexican immigrant ...
Baenziger O - - 1995
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the regional distribution of the resting cerebral blood flow (CBF) pattern in preterm neonates. Sixty-eight preterm babies with a gestational age of less than 34 weeks and a birth weight of less than 1500 g were enrolled into the study. The CBF ...
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