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Mullaney Dorothy M DM Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, and Children's Hospital at Dartmouth, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire (Drs Mullaney and Edwards); and Harvard Medical School, Northeastern University School of Nursing, and Nursing Research, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Boston Children's Hospital, Massachusetts (Dr - - 2014
To evaluate current transport team communication practices and identify areas for improvement from the parents' perspective. We also sought to determine whether parents perceived that they were active participants in the care of their infants during the transport process, consistent with the concepts of providing family-centered care (FCC). Purposeful sampling ...
Yahia Sohier S Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, - - 2014
Concerns of possible genotoxic effects of hyperbilirubinemia and phototherapy were raised from experimental and observational studies in neonates. This study aimed to assess the impact of hyperbilirubinemia and phototherapy on DNA damage and apoptosis in peripheral blood lymphocytes in healthy full-term infants. This study was conducted in the Children's Hospital, ...
Maeda Kazuhisa K Shikoku Medical Center for Children and Adults, General Perinatal Medical Center, Zentsuji, Japan; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokushima University Hospital, Tokushima, - - 2014
We report a case of non-mosaic trisomy 20 detected prenatally by amniocentesis during the 16th week of pregnancy. Fetal blood sampling showed a normal karyotype and no fetal, neonatal or infant abnormalities were observed. Amniotic fluid cell karyotyping revealed a trisomy 20 (47,XY,+20) with 100% trisomic cells (38/38); however, a ...
Salm Ward Trina C TC University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA - - 2014
Mother-infant bed-sharing has been associated with an increased risk of sleep-related infant deaths, and thus, health messaging has aimed to discourage this behavior. Despite this messaging, bed-sharing remains a common practice in the United States, especially among minority families. Moreover, rates of accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed (often related ...
Kassierer Moshe Yair MY University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Jewish law recognizes the importance of breast milk, and breastfeeding rates are high among religious mothers. Infants born at very low birth weight are medically fragile, and breast milk is of critical importance for their health protection and optimal growth and development. For observant Jewish infants and their families, there ...
Vieira Joana J Department of Genetics, Portuguese Oncology Institute, Porto, - - 2014
Fibromatous soft tissue lesions, namely desmoid-type fibromatosis and Gardner fibroma, may occur sporadically or as a result of inherited predisposition (as part of familial adenomatous polyposis, FAP). Whereas desmoid-type fibromatosis often present β-catenin overexpression (by activating CTNNB1 somatic variants or APC biallelic inactivation), the pathogenetic mechanisms in Gardner fibroma are ...
Allen Nicholas M NM Department of Paediatric Neurology & Clinical Neurophysiology, Children's University Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Mutations in KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 were originally described in infants with benign familial neonatal seizures (BFNS). Recently, KCNQ2 mutations have also been shown to cause epileptic encephalopathy. This report describes three infants carrying abnormalities of KCNQ2 and one infant with a KCNQ3 mutation. The different KCNQ2 abnormalities led to different ...
Beck Andrew F AF Divisions of General and Community Pediatrics andHospital Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; and - - 2014
Academic primary care clinics often care for children from underserved populations affected by food insecurity. Clinical-community collaborations could help mitigate such risk. We sought to design, implement, refine, and evaluate Keeping Infants Nourished and Developing (KIND), a collaborative intervention focused on food-insecure families with infants.METHODS: Pediatricians and community collaborators codeveloped ...
Zhang Yuhe Y Department of Pediatrics, Beijing Renhe - - 2014
Abstract Objective Identification of young children who are likely to have multi-trigger wheezing is very important for early diagnosis and treatment of asthma. We investigate an index for predicting multi-trigger wheezing in infants with first episode of wheezing. Methods One hundred and twenty-eight infants (2-20 months) with first episode of ...
Baylis Rebecca R Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Early parental bonding with preterm babies is particularly important and the aim of our study was to explore when parents experienced what they regarded as important events for the first time while their infant was in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The study was part of a longitudinal project ...
Risch Elizabeth C EC Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA - - 2014
Studies suggest that neonatal illness may cause increased risk for child maltreatment (CM), but these findings may be biased by observed and unobserved confounding factors (social, family, and maternal characteristics) including increased surveillance by health care providers. This study expands on previous research by examining and controlling for these potential ...
Nelson Anna A a School of Public Health , Loma Linda University , nmodeste@llu.edu , E-mail: hhoppmarshak@llu.edu , E-mail: - - 2014
Abstract Objective. The focus of this study was to identify the salient beliefs of pregnant women in Saudi Arabia, which may influence their intentions to use infant restraints for their children. These beliefs were later used to inform a subsequent quantitative study. Methods. This qualitative study employed Ajzen's theory of ...
Alves E E Institute of Public Health-University of Porto(ISPUP), Porto, PortugalDepartment of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and PublicHealth, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, - - 2014
To propose a Short Form of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Family Needs Inventory, through a cross-cultural adaptation for the Portuguese population. The NICU Family Needs Inventory is a self-report scale with 56 statements, ranging from not important to very important.(1) A standard procedure for the linguistic adaptation was ...
Matanda Dennis J DJ Department of Health Promotion and Development, University of Bergen, Bergen, - - 2014
The pattern of infant and young child feeding that provides the most benefit includes being put to the breast within an hour of birth, exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, continued breastfeeding along with complementary foods up to 2 years of age or beyond, and avoidance of any bottle-feeding. However, since ...
Hamilton Alexander A Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
Viral/bacterial infection is proposed as a trigger for the autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD): Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). Previous studies in European Caucasian AITD subjects found higher birth rates in autumn/winter, suggesting those born in autumn/winter experience increased viruses/bacteria exposure after birth, impacting upon immune system development and ...
Braungart-Rieker Julia M JM Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined the extent to which infant and parent response trajectories during the Still-Face Paradigm (SFP) in early infancy predicted later infant-mother and infant-father attachment. Families (N=135) participated in the SFP when infants were 3, 5, and 7months of age and participated in the Strange Situation procedure when infants ...
Raju Tonse N K TN Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland; the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine and Case Western Reserve University-MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio; the American Academy of Pediatrics and University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida; and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, - - 2014
This is an executive summary of a workshop on the management and counseling issues of women anticipated to deliver at a periviable gestation (broadly defined as 20 0/7 through 25 6/7 weeks of gestation), and the treatment options for the newborn. Upon review of the available literature, the workshop panel ...
Randall Brad - - 2014
Unlike the medical record, the death certificate is a public legal document that deserves the certifier's best intellectual effort to complete. The death certificate serves a variety of purposes, to include: A. Legal proof of death, usually necessary for a family to receive social security, health insurance, and other death ...
Chang Hua-Pin HP Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University(,) Taiwan; Department of Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to explore the prevalence of and factors associated with depressive symptoms in mothers with young children. This is a cross-sectional face-to-face study performed between January 1, 2010 and June 30, 2011. Mothers of premature infants with a gestational age of less than 37 weeks ...
Raju Tonse N K TN Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD; Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine and Case Western Reserve University-MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH; American Academy of Pediatrics and University of Florida, Gainesville, FL; American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, - - 2014
This is an executive summary of a workshop on the management and counseling issues of women anticipated to deliver at a periviable gestation (broadly defined as 20 0/7 through 25 6/7 weeks of gestation) and the treatment options for the newborn infant. Upon review of the available literature, the workshop ...
Mathews Anita A AA Goldberg Center for Community Pediatric Health, Children's National Health System, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 111 Michigan Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, 20010, - - 2014
African-American and Hispanic families share similar socioeconomic profiles. Hispanic rates of sleep-related infant death are four times lower than African-American rates. We conducted a cross-sectional, multi-modal (surveys, qualitative interviews) study to compare infant care practices that impact risk for sleep-related infant death in African-American and Hispanic families. We surveyed 422 ...
Briere Carrie-Ellen - - 2014
To determine what factors affect breastfeeding duration after discharge home from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for high-risk mothers and their premature infants. The electronic databases of CINAHL and PubMed were used to identify studies published in English. Date of publication did not limit inclusion in the review. Using ...
Shankardass Ketan - - 2014
To assess and compare multiple measurements of socioeconomic position (SEP) in order to determine the relationship with adverse perinatal outcomes across various contexts. A birth registry, the Nova Scotia Atlee Perinatal Database, was confidentially linked to income tax and related information for the year in which delivery occurred. Multiple logistic ...
Glengarry Joanna Moira JM Department of Forensic Pathology, LabPlus, Auckland City Hospital, , Auckland, New - - 2014
To describe experience of long QT (LQT) molecular autopsy in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Descriptive audit from two distinct periods: (1) A prospective, population-based series between 2006 and 2008 ('unselected'). (2) Before and after 2006-2008, with testing guided by a cardiac genetic service ('selected'). LQT genes 1, 2, 3, ...
Wong Leonie C H LC Cardiovascular Sciences Research Centre, Division of Clinical Sciences, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, - - 2014
Sudden unexplained death in childhood is a traumatic event for both the immediate family and medical professionals. This is termed sudden unexplained or arrhythmic death syndrome (SUDS/SADS) for children over 1 year of age while sudden unexplained death in infancy or sudden infant death syndrome (SUDI/SIDS) refers to unexplained deaths ...
Pilkauskas Natasha V NV Columbia Population Research Center, Columbia University's School of Social Work, 1255 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY, 10027, USA, - - 2014
In the US, the prevalence of three-generation households, where a grandparent, parent and child coreside, has increased in the last decade. Three-generation coresidence during infancy is particularly common and as many as 15 % of infants live in a three-generation household shortly after birth. Although prior research has linked family structure ...
Munos M K MK Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Objective:Newborn feeding practices are important to neonatal health and survival, but understudied in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of newborn feeding practices in Burkina Faso.Study design:An 18 000 household survey was conducted in rural Burkina Faso in 2010 to 2011. Women of reproductive age were asked about antenatal, ...
Brand Serge S Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Background: Infants' continuous crying is a challenge both for the child and the principal caregiver. However, the links between infants' sleep, crying and cortisol secretion and mothers' well-being and sleep have been scarcely investigated. The aim of the present study was therefore to examine the link between cortisol secretion, crying ...
Smith-Greenaway Emily E Department of Sociology, Population Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, 211 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA, 16802, USA, - - 2014
Contextual characteristics influence infant mortality above and beyond family-level factors. The widespread practice of polygyny is one feature of many sub-Saharan African contexts that may be relevant to understanding patterns of infant mortality. Building on evidence that the prevalence of polygyny reflects broader economic, social, and cultural features and that ...
Tey Dean D Department of Allergy and Immunology, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Australia; Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, - - 2014
It is unknown whether population infant feeding practices have changed since recently revised Australian allergy guidelines removed recommendations to delay allergenic solids. We sought to determine whether updated 2008 guidelines were associated with changes in feeding practice and to determine whether sociodemographic factors influenced this response. In a population-based, cross-sectional ...
Hasbún Trinidad - - 2014
A 6-week-old, otherwise healthy boy presented to the dermatology clinic for evaluation of an eruption involving his scalp, face, and trunk. The truncal lesions had been present for several weeks, and the facial and scalp lesions were noticed 5 days prior to presentation. The eruption was asymptomatic without scratching or ...
Nassar M F MF Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
To explore the possible determinants of duration of breastfeeding in Kuwait, 234 mothers completed a questionnaire concerning the feeding of their youngest infant. The questionnaire addressed the factors that contributed to their willingness to continue breastfeeding and enquired about the factors leading to their decision to end it. Only 26.5% ...
Elison Sarah S Breaking Free Online Limited, 274 Deansgate, Manchester M3 4JB, UK. - - 2014
Establishing effective toothbrushing routines using fluoridated toothpaste in infancy has been suggested as important to dental health throughout childhood and into adulthood. However, previous studies have revealed a number of potential barriers to, and facilitators of caregivers ability to establish early dyadic toothbrushing routines with pre-schoolers. However, as yet no ...
Wu Qiong Q Department of Integrated Early Childhood Development, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, - - 2014
To obtain a general overview of infant and young child feeding practices in one rural county in China and identify current delivery channels and challenges. A cross-sectional study. A rural county, Zhao County, in Hebei Province, China. 10 clusters were first selected within each township (16 townships in total) with ...
Ronconi Luca L Developmental and Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, Department of General Psychology, University of Padua, Padua, - - 2013
Since subthreshold autistic social impairments aggregate in family members, and since attentional dysfunctions appear to be one of the earliest cognitive markers of children with autism, we investigated in the general population the relationship between infants' attentional functioning and the autistic traits measured in their parents. Orienting and alerting attention ...
Dodge Kenneth A KA Kenneth A. Dodge, W. Benjamin Goodman, Robert A. Murphy, Karen O'Donnell, and Jeannine Sato are with the Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC. Susan Guptill is with the Durham County Department of Health, - - 2014
We evaluated whether a brief, universal, postnatal nurse home-visiting intervention can be implemented with high penetration and fidelity, prevent emergency health care services, and promote positive parenting by infant age 6 months. Durham Connects is a manualized 4- to 7-session program to assess family needs and connect parents with community ...
Mulder Roger T RT Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate the psychological functioning in parents whose infants were admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) over the first 2 years of the infant's life. Prospective 2-year follow-up study of a random selection of NICU and control families. At baseline, 9 months, and 2 years, all parents received ...
Santos Hudson Pires Oliveira HP - - 2013
this study explores Brazilian women's experiences of mothering of their infants while experiencing postnatal depression. a cross-language qualitative descriptive design. the sample was composed of 15 women diagnosed with postnatal depression in a psychiatric institute in São Paulo, Brazil. Open-ended interviews were conducted and the data underwent thematic analysis. 13 ...
Odom Erika C - - 2013
In the United States, about 25% of women choose not to initiate breastfeeding, yet little is known about how opinions of individuals in a woman's support network influence her decision to breastfeed. In the 2005-2007 Infant Feeding Practices Study II, women completed questionnaires from the last trimester of pregnancy until ...
Fowler Aja J - - 2013
Our primary objective was to compare parents of infants cared for in newborn intensive care units (NICUs) and infants cared for in well-baby ("general") nurseries with regard to knowledge and practice of safe sleep practices/sudden infant death syndrome risk reduction measures and guidelines. Our secondary objective was to obtain qualitative ...
Foley Wendy W Inala Indigenous Health Service. - - 2013
This study examined urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers' breastfeeding experiences to inform support for mothers and their families. The research took a strengths approach, using qualitative methodology. Twenty semi-structured in-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted and analysed thematically. Indigenous mothers of infants 3 to 12 months were recruited through ...
Gologorsky Daniel - - 2013
Many of the clinical features associated with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) overlap with those commonly found in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Differentiating these two distinct entities may be challenging in premature infants. FEVR can be distinguished from ROP in that the former demonstrates exudates on examination and tends to recur ...
Welch Martha G - - 2013
To assess the impact of Family Nurture Intervention (FNI) on electroencephalogram (EEG) activity in preterm infants (26-34weeks gestation). Two groups were tested in a single, level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU; standard care or standard care plus FNI) using a randomized controlled trial design. The intervention consists of sessions ...
Welch Martha G - - 2013
While survival rates for preterm infants have increased, the risk for adverse long-term neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes remains very high. In response to the need for novel, evidence-based interventions that prevent such outcomes, we have assessed Family Nurture Intervention (FNI), a novel dual mother-infant intervention implemented while the infant is ...
Gumbs Gia R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Evaluate the rate of, and risk factors for, abusive head trauma (AHT) among infants born to military families and compare with civilian population rates.METHODS:Electronic International Classification of Diseases data from the US Department of Defense (DoD) Birth and Infant Health Registry were used to identify infants born to military families ...
Insana Salvatore P - - 2013
The study objectives were to describe and compare causes of, and activities during, postpartum parents' nocturnal awakenings. Twenty-one primiparous postpartum couples were studied for 1 week with qualitative and quantitative methods. Mothers reported more awakenings per night (3.3 ± 1.1) and more wake time after going to sleep (116.0 ± ...
Waldrop Julee - - 2013
To explore factors that contribute to feeding choices Hispanic women make for their newborn infants in the immediate postpartum period, with a focus on the phenomenon of "los dos," breastfeeding with formula supplementation. A descriptive qualitative design that utilized a semistructured interview guide with open-ended questions was used. Qualitative data ...
Sadler Lois S - - 2013
In this paper we focus on the first wave of outcomes in a pilot phase randomized control trial of a home-based intervention for infants and their families, Minding the Baby® (MTB), an interdisciplinary, mentalization-based intervention in which home visiting services are provided by a team that includes a nurse practitioner ...
Miklush Lisa - - 2013
Maternal depression (MD) is a condition that has wide-ranging effects on the woman, her family, and the broader global society. It is generally agreed that MD is associated with untoward effects on the developmental trajectory of offspring. The aim of this article is to review the historical and theoretical underpinnings ...
Elshershari Huda - - 2013
We describe a case of neonatal Marfan syndrome diagnosed because of a family history, dysmorphic features, and cardiac abnormality. The echocardiogram showed aortic root dilatation. Molecular genetic studies showed a mutation in exon 31 of the FBN1 gene in the infant and father. The infant was treated with losartan, which ...
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