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Raju Tonse N K TN Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD; Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine and Case Western Reserve University-MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH; American Academy of Pediatrics and University of Florida, Gainesville, FL; American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, - - 2014
This is an executive summary of a workshop on the management and counseling issues of women anticipated to deliver at a periviable gestation (broadly defined as 20 0/7 through 25 6/7 weeks of gestation) and the treatment options for the newborn infant. Upon review of the available literature, the workshop ...
Mathews Anita A AA Goldberg Center for Community Pediatric Health, Children's National Health System, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 111 Michigan Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, 20010, - - 2014
African-American and Hispanic families share similar socioeconomic profiles. Hispanic rates of sleep-related infant death are four times lower than African-American rates. We conducted a cross-sectional, multi-modal (surveys, qualitative interviews) study to compare infant care practices that impact risk for sleep-related infant death in African-American and Hispanic families. We surveyed 422 ...
Briere Carrie-Ellen - - 2014
To determine what factors affect breastfeeding duration after discharge home from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for high-risk mothers and their premature infants. The electronic databases of CINAHL and PubMed were used to identify studies published in English. Date of publication did not limit inclusion in the review. Using ...
Glengarry Joanna Moira JM Department of Forensic Pathology, LabPlus, Auckland City Hospital, , Auckland, New - - 2014
To describe experience of long QT (LQT) molecular autopsy in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Descriptive audit from two distinct periods: (1) A prospective, population-based series between 2006 and 2008 ('unselected'). (2) Before and after 2006-2008, with testing guided by a cardiac genetic service ('selected'). LQT genes 1, 2, 3, ...
Shankardass Ketan - - 2014
To assess and compare multiple measurements of socioeconomic position (SEP) in order to determine the relationship with adverse perinatal outcomes across various contexts. A birth registry, the Nova Scotia Atlee Perinatal Database, was confidentially linked to income tax and related information for the year in which delivery occurred. Multiple logistic ...
Wong Leonie C H LC Cardiovascular Sciences Research Centre, Division of Clinical Sciences, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, - - 2014
Sudden unexplained death in childhood is a traumatic event for both the immediate family and medical professionals. This is termed sudden unexplained or arrhythmic death syndrome (SUDS/SADS) for children over 1 year of age while sudden unexplained death in infancy or sudden infant death syndrome (SUDI/SIDS) refers to unexplained deaths ...
Pilkauskas Natasha V NV Columbia Population Research Center, Columbia University's School of Social Work, 1255 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY, 10027, USA, - - 2014
In the US, the prevalence of three-generation households, where a grandparent, parent and child coreside, has increased in the last decade. Three-generation coresidence during infancy is particularly common and as many as 15 % of infants live in a three-generation household shortly after birth. Although prior research has linked family structure ...
Munos M K MK Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Objective:Newborn feeding practices are important to neonatal health and survival, but understudied in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of newborn feeding practices in Burkina Faso.Study design:An 18 000 household survey was conducted in rural Burkina Faso in 2010 to 2011. Women of reproductive age were asked about antenatal, ...
Brand Serge S Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Background: Infants' continuous crying is a challenge both for the child and the principal caregiver. However, the links between infants' sleep, crying and cortisol secretion and mothers' well-being and sleep have been scarcely investigated. The aim of the present study was therefore to examine the link between cortisol secretion, crying ...
Smith-Greenaway Emily E Department of Sociology, Population Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, 211 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA, 16802, USA, - - 2014
Contextual characteristics influence infant mortality above and beyond family-level factors. The widespread practice of polygyny is one feature of many sub-Saharan African contexts that may be relevant to understanding patterns of infant mortality. Building on evidence that the prevalence of polygyny reflects broader economic, social, and cultural features and that ...
Tey Dean D Department of Allergy and Immunology, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Australia; Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, - - 2014
It is unknown whether population infant feeding practices have changed since recently revised Australian allergy guidelines removed recommendations to delay allergenic solids. We sought to determine whether updated 2008 guidelines were associated with changes in feeding practice and to determine whether sociodemographic factors influenced this response. In a population-based, cross-sectional ...
Hasbún Trinidad - - 2014
A 6-week-old, otherwise healthy boy presented to the dermatology clinic for evaluation of an eruption involving his scalp, face, and trunk. The truncal lesions had been present for several weeks, and the facial and scalp lesions were noticed 5 days prior to presentation. The eruption was asymptomatic without scratching or ...
Ronconi Luca L Developmental and Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, Department of General Psychology, University of Padua, Padua, - - 2013
Since subthreshold autistic social impairments aggregate in family members, and since attentional dysfunctions appear to be one of the earliest cognitive markers of children with autism, we investigated in the general population the relationship between infants' attentional functioning and the autistic traits measured in their parents. Orienting and alerting attention ...
Dodge Kenneth A KA Kenneth A. Dodge, W. Benjamin Goodman, Robert A. Murphy, Karen O'Donnell, and Jeannine Sato are with the Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC. Susan Guptill is with the Durham County Department of Health, - - 2014
We evaluated whether a brief, universal, postnatal nurse home-visiting intervention can be implemented with high penetration and fidelity, prevent emergency health care services, and promote positive parenting by infant age 6 months. Durham Connects is a manualized 4- to 7-session program to assess family needs and connect parents with community ...
Mulder Roger T RT Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate the psychological functioning in parents whose infants were admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) over the first 2 years of the infant's life. Prospective 2-year follow-up study of a random selection of NICU and control families. At baseline, 9 months, and 2 years, all parents received ...
Santos Hudson Pires Oliveira HP - - 2013
this study explores Brazilian women's experiences of mothering of their infants while experiencing postnatal depression. a cross-language qualitative descriptive design. the sample was composed of 15 women diagnosed with postnatal depression in a psychiatric institute in São Paulo, Brazil. Open-ended interviews were conducted and the data underwent thematic analysis. 13 ...
Odom Erika C - - 2013
In the United States, about 25% of women choose not to initiate breastfeeding, yet little is known about how opinions of individuals in a woman's support network influence her decision to breastfeed. In the 2005-2007 Infant Feeding Practices Study II, women completed questionnaires from the last trimester of pregnancy until ...
Fowler Aja J - - 2013
Our primary objective was to compare parents of infants cared for in newborn intensive care units (NICUs) and infants cared for in well-baby ("general") nurseries with regard to knowledge and practice of safe sleep practices/sudden infant death syndrome risk reduction measures and guidelines. Our secondary objective was to obtain qualitative ...
Foley Wendy W Inala Indigenous Health Service. - - 2013
This study examined urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers' breastfeeding experiences to inform support for mothers and their families. The research took a strengths approach, using qualitative methodology. Twenty semi-structured in-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted and analysed thematically. Indigenous mothers of infants 3 to 12 months were recruited through ...
Gologorsky Daniel - - 2013
Many of the clinical features associated with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) overlap with those commonly found in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Differentiating these two distinct entities may be challenging in premature infants. FEVR can be distinguished from ROP in that the former demonstrates exudates on examination and tends to recur ...
Welch Martha G - - 2013
To assess the impact of Family Nurture Intervention (FNI) on electroencephalogram (EEG) activity in preterm infants (26-34weeks gestation). Two groups were tested in a single, level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU; standard care or standard care plus FNI) using a randomized controlled trial design. The intervention consists of sessions ...
Welch Martha G - - 2013
While survival rates for preterm infants have increased, the risk for adverse long-term neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes remains very high. In response to the need for novel, evidence-based interventions that prevent such outcomes, we have assessed Family Nurture Intervention (FNI), a novel dual mother-infant intervention implemented while the infant is ...
Gumbs Gia R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Evaluate the rate of, and risk factors for, abusive head trauma (AHT) among infants born to military families and compare with civilian population rates.METHODS:Electronic International Classification of Diseases data from the US Department of Defense (DoD) Birth and Infant Health Registry were used to identify infants born to military families ...
Insana Salvatore P - - 2013
The study objectives were to describe and compare causes of, and activities during, postpartum parents' nocturnal awakenings. Twenty-one primiparous postpartum couples were studied for 1 week with qualitative and quantitative methods. Mothers reported more awakenings per night (3.3 ± 1.1) and more wake time after going to sleep (116.0 ± ...
Waldrop Julee - - 2013
To explore factors that contribute to feeding choices Hispanic women make for their newborn infants in the immediate postpartum period, with a focus on the phenomenon of "los dos," breastfeeding with formula supplementation. A descriptive qualitative design that utilized a semistructured interview guide with open-ended questions was used. Qualitative data ...
Sadler Lois S - - 2013
In this paper we focus on the first wave of outcomes in a pilot phase randomized control trial of a home-based intervention for infants and their families, Minding the Baby® (MTB), an interdisciplinary, mentalization-based intervention in which home visiting services are provided by a team that includes a nurse practitioner ...
Miklush Lisa - - 2013
Maternal depression (MD) is a condition that has wide-ranging effects on the woman, her family, and the broader global society. It is generally agreed that MD is associated with untoward effects on the developmental trajectory of offspring. The aim of this article is to review the historical and theoretical underpinnings ...
Elshershari Huda - - 2013
We describe a case of neonatal Marfan syndrome diagnosed because of a family history, dysmorphic features, and cardiac abnormality. The echocardiogram showed aortic root dilatation. Molecular genetic studies showed a mutation in exon 31 of the FBN1 gene in the infant and father. The infant was treated with losartan, which ...
Tomalski Przemyslaw - - 2013
Socioeconomic status (SES) impacts on both structural and functional brain development in childhood, but how early its effects can be demonstrated is unknown. In this study we measured resting baseline EEG activity in the gamma frequency range in awake 6-9-month-olds from areas of East London with high socioeconomic deprivation. Between-subject ...
Moyer Virginia A - - 2013
Infants born prematurely or with complex medical problems are surviving to discharge in growing numbers and often require significant monitoring and coordination of care in the ambulatory setting. Using Healthcare Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (HFMEA), we identified a large number of potentially serious error points in this transition of ...
Hearps Simone J - - 2013
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the acute psychosocial risk in families with infants undergoing surgery for a congenital heart disease and, secondarily, to explore the psychosocial impact of antenatal versus post-natal diagnoses. Method: The study sample comprised 39 caregivers (28 mothers) of 29 children diagnosed with ...
Seal Arnab - - 2013
An infant with a large head (2.5 SDs above normal for weight and gender or above 99.6th centile for age) is a common clinical presentation. Usually, it is due to benign isolated macrocephaly or familial macrocephaly (FM) where some close family members are similarly affected1; neither condition requires any further ...
Knight Jennifer - - 2013
AIM: The study aims to understand sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk and preventive practices in an urban Aboriginal community, through exploration of mothers' knowledge and practices and examination of coroner case records. METHODS: Data were collected from the mothers of Aboriginal infants participating in the Gudaga Study, a longitudinal ...
Serino Domenico - - 2013
We describe the EEG findings of an infant with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy with mutation of the KCNQ2 gene and a family history of neonatal seizures. The infant presented with multifocal drug-resistant seizures with onset during the third day of life. Family history was positive for early-onset neonatal seizures. Metabolic screening ...
Waters Cerith S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to examine the link between maternal depression and the infant's HPA axis functioning in relation to a sequence of emotional challenges at 12 months postpartum, while controlling for maternal anxiety disorder and general sociodemographic risk. METHOD: Two hundred and fifty-seven infants whose mothers ...
Lemke Meghan M Departments of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2013
Individuals with atopy have more severe complications of infectious diseases. We hypothesized that the importance of secondhand smoke (SHS) on lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) severity would be greater in infants with a familial atopic predisposition. To determine whether infants with a familial atopic predisposition are more susceptible to adverse ...
Letourneau Nicole - - 2013
In order to offer optimal supports and services for mothers affected by intimate partner violence (IPV), an understanding of these mothers' perceptions of support needs, resources, barriers to support, and preferences for support intervention is warranted. Moreover, the growing recognition of the effects of IPV on maternal-infant relationships and of ...
Szucs Kinga A - - 2013
Jaundice develops in most newborn infants and is one of the most common reasons infants are rehospitalized after birth. American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guidelines strongly support the recommendation that clinicians promote and support breastfeeding. Recognizing that the disruptions associated with phototherapy interfere with breastfeeding, the challenge often faced ...
Alonso-Marsden Shelley - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: As nurse home visiting to prevent child maltreatment grows in popularity with both program administrators and legislators, it is important to understand engagement in such programs in order to improve their community-wide effects. This report examines family demographic and infant health risk factors that predict engagement and follow-through in ...
Curtis W John - - 2013
This study examined the neural correlates of facial affect processing in 15 month-old maltreated and nonmaltreated infants. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were elicited while infants passively viewed standardized pictures of female models posing angry, happy, and neutral facial expressions. Differences between maltreated (N = 25) and nonmaltreated (N = 20) infants ...
Yaish H M - - 2013
The diagnosis of hereditary spherocytosis (HS) in a newborn infant is generally made on the basis of a positive family history, spherocytes on blood film and Coombs-negative hemolytic jaundice of variable severity with an elevated mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and a low mean corpuscular volume (MCV). In general, sodium ...
Y C Beeregowda - - 2013
Acute poisoning of formalin is rare because of its strong irritating effect and alarming odor. Although few cases of acute poisoning in adults have been reported in literature, to our knowledge, this is the first case report of formalin poisoning in an infant presenting with multisystem failure. Despite proper supportive ...
Arnetz Bengt B Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, - - 2013
We studied 1991 Gulf War (GW)-related environmental exposures and adverse birth outcomes in Iraqis. A random cross-sectional sample of 307 Iraqi families that immigrated to the United States responded to a structured interview covering socioeconomics, lifestyle, environmental exposures, and birth outcome. Data per each family was collected either from the ...
Nagase Hiromi - - 2013
Familial congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is extremely rare; it comprises about 2% of all CDH cases. The empirical risk is about 2%, increasing to 10% in a family with two affected children. This report describes severe CDH in two siblings who had been diagnosed prenatally. The female newborn diagnosed with ...
Hutton Eileen K EK Midwifery Education Program at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Midwifery Science at Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The - - 2013
Severing the umbilical cord at birth is likely the oldest intervention, the timing of which remains fraught with controversy. Emerging evidence suggests benefit in delaying cord clamping for both term and preterm infants. The objective of this study was to investigate actual cord clamping time and circumstances at a large ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2013
Although familial occurrence of congenital pyloric atresia (CPA) has been frequently reported in the past, many of these cases were associated with epidermolysis bullosa (EB), and familial isolated CPA was a relatively rare condition. We prenatally diagnosed and successfully treated a sibling of a subject with isolated CPA, who was ...
Simonetti Andrea - - 2013
Cocoon is defined as a strategy to reduce the risk for transmission of pertussis to newborn infants by vaccinating household members including parents and siblings. Programmatic challenges make implementation of cocooning program complex. At the local health care unit "ASL Napoli 1 Centro," a one-year pilot project to evaluate the ...
Stuart B D - - 2013
Objective:To assess health-care utilization and risk of respiratory morbidities in preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and pulmonary hypertension (PH).Study Design:Retrospective data were obtained from subjects (n=109) attending a BPD clinic. Subjects were stratified by the presence or absence of PH before and after 2 months of age. Analytic methods ...
Swinton Cameron H - - 2013
Objectives To describe the trend and factors associated with the autopsy over the past decade at a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) where all patients are presented with an option.Study Design Retrospective study of the autopsy in a cohort of infants who died in the NICU from January 1, 2001, ...
Luoma Ilona - - 2013
Background: Postnatal psychological symptoms have been studied less often in fathers than in mothers. However, recent research shows that fathers' psychopathology may have long-term effects on their children's emotional and behavioural development independently of maternal psychopathology. More research is needed on factors associated with paternal symptoms at the early stage ...
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