Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1009
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Giuliani Albrecht - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Elective cesarean delivery has been postulated to improve the outcome of term fetuses in breech presentation. We retrospectively compared the short- and long-term outcomes of term infants who were delivered from a breech presentation at a single center. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed 699 consecutive term breech presentations according to ...
Lashen Hany - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The recent evidence from a randomised controlled study on the management of breech delivery has settled the argument, however, this has not been to everybody's satisfaction. Elective delivery of all full term breech babies has implications. However, the trend seems to have been set long before the recent evidence, ...
Hayman Richard - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical performance of a hand-held vacuum delivery system. METHODS: Between December 1999 and September 2000, a prospective audit was undertaken of all vacuum deliveries performed at Derby City General Hospital. RESULTS: In this period, 3296 deliveries occurred, of which 317 (9.6%) were by vacuum. Of these, ...
Lam Man-Ho - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of fetal size in neonatal clavicular fracture. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, case-control study was performed on infants diagnosed with neonatal clavicular fractures and born vaginally between July 1997 and June 2000. For each index case, a control matched for gestational age (within one week) and ...
Mazhar S B - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an audit of breech deliveries at or beyond 28 weeks gestation to determine the neonatal outcome at different gestations in relation to the mode of delivery. SETTING: MCH Centre, PIMS, Islamabad. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Records of 171 consecutive singleton breech deliveries > or = 28 weeks gestation ...
Aisien A O - - 2002
A retrospective analysis of cases of caesarean section performed in Jos University Teaching Hospital between January 1994 and December 1998 was undertaken to determine the incidence, indications, perinatal and maternal outcome. There were 11,571 deliveries with 2083 caesarean sections done giving an incidence of 18%. 62.2% of the patients who ...
Prasad M - - 2002
The aim of this study was to assess if maternal height has an effect on duration of labour, mode of delivery and birth weight. This was a retrospective analysis of casenotes of 1000 white primigravidae in a district general hospital. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, logistic regression analysis, and Pearson's correlation ...
Seffah J D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This preliminary retrospective survey was done to find out whether the indications for Caesarean Section had any bearing on the birth weight. METHOD: The foetal outcome for 673 parturients who delivered at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital between September 1, 1998 and December 31, 1998 was analysed. RESULT: Caesarean ...
Mesleh Ratib A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the instrumental deliveries carried out at the Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during the year 2000 and compare the outcome of ventouse and forceps deliveries. METHODS: A retrospective case note review of all instrumental deliveries, carried out at the Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, during ...
Mashiloane C D - - 2002
Controversy continues over the mode of delivery in severe pre-eclampsia remote from term. The aim of this study was to assess prospectively the mode of delivery in severe pre-eclampsia remote from term. The clinical data of 108 women who presented consecutively with severe pre-eclampsia over a 1-year period was used ...
Weerasekera D S - - 2002
The objective of this study was to determine the safety of obstetrics forceps when used under strictly defined criteria compared to vacuum extraction for delivery in the second stage of labour. A randomised prospective trial was performed on 442 women undergoing instrumental delivery in the second stage. Two hundred and ...
Lim Jiun How - - 2002
This study reviews the deliveries of macrosomic babies and their outcomes. A total of 330 macrosomic (birth weight > or =4 kg) cases were studied retrospectively from July 1999 to December 1999 in the Maternity Hospital of Kuala Lumpur. The variables studied included induction of labour, mode of delivery and ...
Fasubaa O B - - 2002
Obstructed labour is a common obstetric complication in Nigeria associated with poor fetal and maternal outcome. Delivery of the fetus at caesarean section is always difficult, especially if the fetal head is impacted in the pelvis. The mode of delivery at caesarean section may occasionally compound the morbidity associated with ...
Lam Man-Ho - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent of neonatal morbidity and its relation with infant size in newborns diagnosed with clavicular fracture after vaginal birth. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was performed on all the infants diagnosed with clavicular fractures and born vaginally between July 1997 and June 2000. For each index ...
Bodner Klaus - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to assess benefits and possible disadvantages of water births and to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes with normal vaginal deliveries. METHODS: This case-controlled study was carried out between January 2000 and July 2001. A total of 140 women who wanted water births were enrolled into the ...
Alran Séverine - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compose obstetric interventions around Europe. STUDY DESIGN: A survey of obstetric practices, logistics and statistical outcomes in nine tertiary referral hospitals in Europe between November 1999 and October 2000. RESULTS: There was wide variation in the management of pre labour rupture of the membranes at term, methods of ...
Martinez A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: A network of neonatal intensive care units in Pacific Rim countries was formed to compare infant risk factors, clinical practices, and outcomes for very low birthweight infants. METHODOLOGY: A multicentre, prospective study compared outcomes for infants born smaller than 1501 g or at less than 31 weeks gestation. RESULTS: ...
Stamer Ulrike M - - 2002
In many countries there has been an increase in the number of women who deliver by caesarean section. This article reviews anaesthetic management of non-scheduled caesarean section. The choice of anaesthetic technique (regional anaesthesia versus general anaesthesia) is discussed and highlighted particularly from the viewpoint of urgency of operative delivery. ...
Kayem Gilles - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare neonatal morbidity and mortality at Port Royal Maternity between 1993 and 1999 for infants with a singleton breech presentation born after 37 weeks, according to planned mode of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of 501 patients of whom vaginal delivery was planned in 322 (64%) or/and cesarean ...
Mára Michal - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to verify whether ultrasound vaginal cervicometry, performed in the 18th-20th week of gestation, can effectively predict preterm delivery. MATERIAL/METHODS: 279 singleton pregnancies were prospectively studied from the middle of gestation until delivery. In the 18th-20th week of gestation we performed ultrasound vaginal cervicometry, ...
Roopnarinesingh A - - 2002
An audit of 247 consecutive forceps deliveries during a 6-year period was undertaken in order to establish trends in recourse to this instrument, maternal complications and fetal outcome. The chief indications were prolonged second stage of labour and poor maternal effort. Our overall forceps rate of 0.81% betrays a marked ...
Nakamura Yoichi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) has anti-proliferative and anti-migratory effects on cultured smooth muscle cells (SMC) in addition to its anti-thrombotic activity. Here, we assess how long locally delivered recombinant TFPI (rTFPI) remains detectable at the delivery sites and clarify the main mechanism by which rTFPI blocks neointimal growth ...
MacKenzie I Z - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine how long it takes from the decision to achieve delivery by non-elective caesarean section (DDI), the influences on this interval, and the impact on neonatal condition at birth. DESIGN: Twelve months prospective data collection on all non-elective caesarean sections. METHODS: Prospective collection of data relating to all ...
Akinola Samuel E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the modes of breech delivery over a 5 year period in Khamis Civil Hospital, Khamis Mushayt, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and to evaluate the trend and associated complications. METHODS: Relevant data was extracted from the delivery room records of all women delivered in Khamis Civil Hospital, Khamis ...
Roberts Christine L - - 2002
Monitoring operative delivery trends provides the opportunity to consider whether changes are in a direction that will achieve the best outcomes for mothers and their infants. The aims of this study were to identify trends in and predictors of operative delivery (forceps, vacuum or caesarean) among women who have labour; ...
Caswell Michael - - 2002
This study was designed to compare the vaginal deposition and moisturization of two vaginal moisturizers, Summer's Eve (SE), based on pectin, and Replens (Rp), based on polycarbophil, in a double-blind crossover study design. Fifty-one female patients were each randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups. After a one-week washout ...
Matsumiya Yoshiko - - 2002
We investigated mother-to-newborn infant transmission of Lactobacillus species in Japanese by the typing of isolates from the vagina of pregnant women and stool specimens from their newborn infants. All infants were born by uncomplicated vaginal delivery and were basically fed breast milk. Lactobacillus strains were fingerprinted by arbitrarily primed polymerase ...
de Leeuw J P - - 2002
From January 1984 to June 1986, 268 consecutive breech presentations in two university hospitals were studied prospectively. Vaginal delivery was attempted in all cases, under expert supervision and electronic monitoring, except in the presence of clear-cut contraindications. For most of the examined parameters no statistically significant differences were found in ...
Mueller Beth A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether women with multiple sclerosis who deliver singleton infants are more likely to have pregnancy or delivery complications or to have infants with low birth weight, preterm gestation, or malformations than women without multiple sclerosis and to compare their need for ...
Turner Michael J - - 2002
Uterine rupture is an uncommon obstetric event. It is important because it continues to be associated with maternal mortality, especially in developing countries, and with major maternal morbidity, particularly peripartum hysterectomy. It is also associated with a high incidence of perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. This chapter examines the incidence, ...
Mola Glen D L - - 2002
Failure rates for vacuum extraction of between one in 16 and one in 600 have been reported. Most studies report that unexpected failure carries a greater risk to both mother and fetus. The aim of this study was to determine factors that were likely to predict success or failure in ...
Paul David A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between mode of delivery, intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH), and mortality in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: A historical cohort study of infants admitted to a single level III neonatal intensive care unit during a five-year period. Infants < 1500 g born by caesarean delivery ...
Vacca Aldo - - 2002
Unsuccessful vacuum extraction, cup detachment and failed anterior rotation in occipitoposterior positions are commonly associated with obstetric factors that are avoidable or correctable. These factors include the preferential use of soft vacuum cups, incorrect cup applications and attempts to deliver with the vacuum extractor before the cervix is completely dilated. ...
Mukhopadhyay Sambit - - 2002
Fetuses that present by the breech are at increased risk of trauma and hypoxia during delivery. The threshold for Caesarean section for breech presentation had been low for several years. The result of the term breech trial confirms that planned Caesarean section is the best method of delivering the singleton ...
Copetti M V - - 2002
This article reports an outbreak of intoxication of female horses with Claviceps purpurea in southern Brazil. The outbreak affected twelve pregnant mares which were fed with black oat (Avena strigosa) during the pre-delivery period. Underdevelopment of the mammary gland in the pre-delivery period resulting in post-delivery agalactia was the most ...
Chan Karen K L - - 2002
This study aims to investigate fathers' experiences of labour and delivery and compare their emotions from different types of delivery. One hundred and twenty-one couples were given questionnaires following the delivery of their babies after labour before discharge from the hospital where they were required to rate their feelings on ...
Krebs Lone - - 2002
The aim of the study was to investigate whether deaths in term breech deliveries could have been avoided with improved care during pregnancy and delivery. All cases of intrapartum/early neonatal death of nonmalformed infants in breech presentation delivered at term in Denmark in the period 1982-92 were studied. For each ...
Lewis V - - 2002
Transient tachypnea of the newborn results from delayed clearance of lung liquid and is a common cause of admission of full term infants to neonatal intensive care units. The condition is particularly common after elective Caesarean section. Conventional treatment involves appropriate oxygen administration and continuous positive airway pressure in some ...
- - 2001
Recently, researchers conducted a large, international multicenter randomized clinical trial comparing a policy of planned cesarean birth with planned vaginal birth. Given the results of this exceptionally large and well-controlled clinical trial, the American College of Obstetricians continue their efforts to reduce breech presentations in singleton gestations through the application ...
Mehta A - - 2001
The steady rise in caesarean section rates is an emerging area of concern in mother-child healthcare and a matter of international attention, since the trend is no longer confined to western industrialized countries. Crude and caesarean section-related perinatal mortality and case-fatality rates may well serve as public-health indicators. Monitoring time-trends ...
de Boer M A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of sulprostone (nalador) for labour induction in the event of foetal death or foetal malformations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 284 women with intrauterine foetal death (n=137), or foetal abnormalities (n=147), who underwent labour induction with sulprostone ...
Arya L A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the incidence of new-onset urinary incontinence after forceps and vacuum delivery compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective study in primiparous women delivered by forceps (n = 90), vacuum (n = 75), or spontaneous vaginal delivery (n = 150). Follow-up for ...
Miksovsky P - - 2001
This article summarizes the current state of knowledge of obstetric vacuum extraction. The discussed topics include the history of vacuum extraction, indications and contraindications, technique of the procedure, currently marketed instruments, special uses of the vacuum extractor, comparison of vacuum extraction with forceps delivery, and maternal and fetal outcomes. Areas ...
Schiff E - - 2001
This study attempted to determine whether delivery with Kielland's forceps for deep transverse arrest is less favourable than other instruments. One hundred and forty-six women who underwent rotation and delivery with Kielland's forceps between 1994 and 1997 were matched by parity and birth weight to one of two control groups: ...
Chard T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the fetus loses weight in uttero following fetal death, looking specifically at weight differences according to whether the death occurred during labour or before labour. DESIGN: Record linkage of maternity data and perinatal mortality data. SETTING: Scotland, UK. Population A group of 8,069 singleton live and ...
Murphy D J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A frequent dilemma for obstetricians is how to keep morbidity to a minimum when faced with arrested progress at full dilatation of the cervix. Our aim was to examine maternal and neonatal morbidity associated with vaginal instrumental delivery in theatre and caesarean section, at full dilatation. METHODS: We did ...
Lindeberg S N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate if a high rate of epidural analgesia (EDA) with bupivacaine-sufentanil is consistent with a low rate of caesarean section, instrumental deliveries and dystocia and to evaluate maternal and fetal adverse effects of sufentanil. STUDY DESIGN: Populations-based prospective descriptive study. A change of EDA from bupivacaine to ...
Nkata M - - 2001
Single babies delivered by breech at Mansa General Hospital (Zambia) during a 12 month period from September 1993 to August 1994 were studied retrospectively. Breech delivery accounted for 2.44% single births. The perinatal mortality rate was high (341/1000) and involved mainly the low birth weight babies. This study confirms previously ...
Scholz H S - - 2001
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of a birth-chair on obstetric outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the hospital records of 220 consecutive pregnant women who gave birth on a birth-chair at our institution. The control group consisted of 440 pregnant women who preceded and ...
Smith G C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether first and second births among teenagers are associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes after confounding variables have been taken into account. DESIGN: Population based retrospective cohort study using routine discharge data for 1992-8. SETTING: Scotland. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Stillbirth, preterm delivery, emergency caesarean section, ...
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