Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1009
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Impey Lawrence - - 2005
BACKGROUND: External cephalic version (ECV) reduces the incidence of breech presentation at term and caesarean section for non-cephalic births. Tocolytics may improve success rates, but are time consuming, may cause side effects and have not been proven to alter caesarean section rates. The aim of this trial was to determine ...
Givens Melissa L - - 2005
Breech deliveries are the most common form of fetal malpresentations and are associated with significant risk for morbidity and mortality to mother and infant. There is an increased chance that emergency physicians may encounter breech deliveries as more women with known breech presentations are given the option for a trial ...
Okafor U V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality, for which preeclampsia is a major cause, is a problem in Nigeria. Accurate data are available for caesarean sections in the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu. We therefore studied the outcome of caesarean section among these high-risk patients. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective survey of hospital ...
Al-Inizi S A Thwaini - - 2005
In order to compare the short term outcome of vaginal and abdominal delivery of babies with breech presentation at term at a single centre, a retrospective study of 299 women presenting with singleton normal breech fetuses at term between 1st January 1996 and 31st December 2003, at a tertiary referral ...
Alsunnari Sahar - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of extreme macrosomia on perinatal outcome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all deliveries with birth weight > or = 5000 g in a tertiary centre from 1986 to 2000 and analyzed the method of delivery and perinatal outcome. RESULTS: Extreme macrosomia (birth weight ...
Ezegwui H U - - 2005
Our objective was to determine the trend of rupture of the gravid uterus at Enugu, Nigeria and to determine any change in pattern of presentation, management and outcome of such patients. The birth register of 4,333 deliveries at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu from January 1997 and December ...
Kamilya Gourisankar - - 2005
Eclampsia is a major source of both maternal and perinatal mortality. In the management of eclampsia, the role of magnesium sulphate as anticonvulsant and early delivery are well established. The present study is an analysis of maternal and perinatal outcomes after the introduction of magnesium sulphate and liberalisation of caesarean ...
Rietberg Christine C Th - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of the Term Breech Trial on the medical behaviour of Dutch obstetricians and on neonatal outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: The Netherlands. POPULATION: Infants born at term in breech presentation in the Netherlands between 1998 and 2002, with birthweights < or =4000 g (n= ...
Pradhan Poonam - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review the short and long term outcomes among singleton infants with breech presentation at term delivered in a geographically defined population over a 10-year period. DESIGN: Retrospective, cohort study. SETTING: District General Hospital. POPULATION: 1433 term breech infants alive at the onset of labour and born between January ...
Aoyagi Shigeaki - - 2005
A 23-year-old woman, gravida 1, para, 0, was transferred at 29 weeks and 2 days gestation for management of infective endocarditis (IE). Based on vegetations attached to the mitral valve by echocardiography and positive blood cultures for Streptococcus mitis, the diagnosis of IE was made at the referring hospital. On ...
- - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidelines for operative vaginal birth in the management of the second state of labour. OPTIONS: Nonoperative techniques, episiotomy, and Caesarean section are compared to operative vaginal birth. OUTCOME: Reduced fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. EVIDENCE: MEDLINE and Cochrane databases were searched using the key words "vacuum" ...
Fairley Tara E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and effectiveness of managing intrauterine death after 24 weeks gestation using a combination of mifepristone and misoprostol. STUDY DESIGN: Two regimens are compared. Twenty-nine women (group one) were managed using a combination of oral mifepristone and vaginal/oral misoprostol. After a change in dosage and route ...
Missouri Department of Health ...
This 2004 profile presents data relating to types and outcomes of child delivery in the city.
Liu Chao - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Erythema toxicum neonatorum (ETN) is a very common disease, but its predisposing factors are still unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the predisposing factors of ETN. METHODS: Seven hundred and eighty-three neonates born in the same hospital during the same period were investigated, and the factors predisposing to ETN were evaluated ...
Yi Sang-Wook - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of recorded and standard deliveries, and stamped and franked return envelops in a postal survey of Korean-Vietnam veterans. Nine hundred veterans were randomly divided into four subgroups. A randomized controlled trial was conducted for two mailing strategies. The 52 study ...
Eide Martha G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Long-term intellectual performance in breech-presented infants may be negatively affected by vaginal delivery. We evaluated the effect of presentation at birth and delivery mode on intellectual performance at age 18 years in a nationwide population study. METHODS: We studied 8,738 male infants in breech and 384,832 males in cephalic ...
Hassan Aisha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The caesarean section rate has increased to an alarming extent in the last three decades the world over and fear of rupture of uterus in subsequent pregnancy and labour has led to a high rate of repeat caesarean sections. The objective of this study was to determine the final ...
Coyle M E - - 2005
Moxibustion (a type of Chinese medicine which involves burning a herb close to the skin) to the acupuncture point Bladder 67 (BL67) (Chinese name Zhiyin), located at the tip of the fifth toe, has been proposed as a way of correcting breech presentation. As caesarean section is often suggested for ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors associated with caesarean delivery and the relationship between mode of delivery and mortality in singleton vertex-presenting very low birthweight (< or = 1500 g) live born infants. DESIGN: Observational population-based study. SETTING: Data collected from all 28 neonatal departments comprise the Israel National Very Low ...
Molkenboer J F M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of the results of term breech births in our clinic with the Term Breech Trial (TBT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the investigation period prospective data were collected on all deliveries of a term baby in breech presentation. Some pregnant women were included in the TBT and randomized in ...
Aisien A O - - 2004
Vaginal birth after one previous lower segment caesarean section represents one of the most significant and challenging issues in obstetric practice. A 5-year retrospective study was carried out at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital between January 1999 and December 2003, to determine the incidence, the maternal and fetal outcome ...
Chin K J - - 2004
Caesarean section carries a high risk of awareness, especially in the period prior to neonatal delivery. We investigated the concentration of sevoflurane required to maintain bispectral index (BIS) < 60 until delivery occurred. We enrolled 23 parturients into an up-down sequential allocation study. The median effective end-tidal concentration (EC(50)) of ...
Laubereau B - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate the effect of caesarean section on gastrointestinal symptoms, atopic dermatitis, and sensitisation to nutritional allergens in infants. METHODS: A total of 865 healthy full term neonates with parental history of allergy participating in the prospective German Infant Nutritional Intervention Program (GINI) were exclusively breast fed during the ...
Rizzo Nicola - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We studied mode of delivery and prevalence of complications in pregnant women from the western world (WW) and immigrant mothers from non European Union (non-EU) countries at a third level Italian Obstetric Department. STUDY DESIGN: The study was population based and used data from the local Birth Registry at ...
Dodd Jodie - - 2004
AIMS: To compare the benefits and harms of planned elective repeat Caesarean section with induction of labour and to assess different methods of cervical ripening and induction of labour for women with a previous Caesarean birth who require induction of labour in a subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: The Cochrane controlled trials ...
Mahieu Hans F - - 2004
Neonatal tracheal or laryngeal rupture is a rare but life-threatening condition that is attributable to traumatic endotracheal intubation or traumatic delivery. We present a review of the literature and 6 new cases of laryngeal or tracheal rupture following complicated delivery. High-risk groups were identified as 1) low-birth weight neonates, for ...
Dodd Jodie - - 2004
AIMS: To assess the benefits and harms of planned elective repeat Caesarean section with planned vaginal birth after Caesarean section (VBAC). METHODS: The Cochrane controlled trials register and MEDLINE (1966-current) were searched using the following terms: vaginal birth after C(a)esare(i)an; trial of labo(u)r; elective C(a)esare(i)an; C(a)esare(i)an section, repeat; randomis(z)ed controlled ...
Poggi Sarah H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Epidural anesthesia (EA) is used in 80% of vaginal deliveries and is linked to neonatal and maternal trauma. Our objectives were to determine (1) whether EA affected clinician-applied force on the fetus and (2) whether this force influenced perineal trauma. STUDY DESIGN: After informed consent, multiparas with term, cephalic, ...
Khawaja Marwan - - 2004
This paper examines the impact of near birth complications and socio-demographic, healthcare and spatial characteristics of caesarean section in Egypt, using data on 4032 births from the 2000 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey. The hospital caesarean section rate was 22% in Egypt. Fever/vaginal discharge around delivery, birth weight, mother's age ...
Bader D - - 2004
AIM: To compare the breathing patterns of infants born by elective caesarean section to those infants delivered by caesarean section after a failed trial of labour. METHODS: Healthy term infants born by caesarean section were studied. The study group (n = 13) had no trial of labour, whereas infants in ...
Boulet S L - - 2004
This review examines and summarises the literature regarding the mode of delivery of macrosomic infants and subsequent perinatal outcomes. A search of electronic databases was conducted and supplemented with investigation of the references cited in the original articles. Although the rates of obstetric complications differ among high birth weight infants ...
Gopalani Sameer - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine what factors are independently associated with an increased likelihood of failed operative vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based case-control study evaluating maternal, pregnancy, provider, care setting, and fetal factors associated with failed operative vaginal delivery. Subjects were identified using ...
Poggi Sarah H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In an effort to reduce shoulder dystocia incidence and morbidity, some obstetricians use prophylactic maternal hip hyperflexion (McRoberts maneuver), with the hope of facilitating delivery and decreasing the traction needed for delivery. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the delivery force is reduced with the prophylactic ...
Mauck Christine K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: C31G is an antimicrobial and spermicidal agent that contains two surface-active compounds, cetyl betaine and myristamine oxide. It is being developed as a vaginal microbicide and contraceptive. METHOD: Three C31G concentrations (0.5%, 1.0% and 1.7%) were tested and compared with Extra Strength Gynol II(R), a marketed spermicide containing 3% ...
Sood Mini - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: There are conflicting reports regarding the results of amnioinfusion in the management of meconium passage in utero. This study was done to evaluate transcervical amnioinfusion for meconium stained amniotic fluid during labour. METHODS: 196 women at term in early labour with meconium were randomized to receive either transcervical intrapartum ...
Liu Shiliang - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine recent trends in Caesarean delivery rates as well as the indications for Caesarean delivery in Canada, excluding the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. METHODS: All deliveries (N = 1 807 388) recorded in the Canadian Institute for Health Information's Discharge Abstract Database for the years 1994/95 to ...
Kovacs Gabor T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A German report suggested significantly better outcomes in terms of perineal care, second stage length and neonatal outcome for users of Epi-No. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a pilot study of the first use of the Epi-No birth training device in Australia for women having their first baby. STUDY POPULATION ...
Sunday-Adeoye I M - - 2004
One thousand and thirteen (1013) symphysiotomies were performed and 27,477 deliveries were conducted during the period. The symphysiotomy rate in the study period was 3.7%. Fifty-six percent (56%) of the patients who had symphysiotomy were aged 39 years and below, and the mean age was 27.94 +/- 7.16 years. Mothers ...
Orji E O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Researchers have held varied opinions on the effect of prolonged birth spacing on maternal and perinatal outcome. OBJECTIVES: To determine the reasons for prolonged birth spacing and to compare the maternal and perinatal outcome compared to shorter normal birth spacing. DESIGN: Comparative case - controlled study between January 1st, ...
Smith Gordon C S - - 2004
To determine the factors associated with an increased risk of perinatal death related to uterine rupture during attempted vaginal birth after caesarean section. Population based retrospective cohort study. Data from the linked Scottish Morbidity Record and Stillbirth and Infant Death Survey of births in Scotland, 1985-98. All women with one ...
Demissie Kitaw - - 2004
To compare the risk of neonatal and infant adverse outcomes between vacuum and forceps assisted deliveries. Population based study. US linked natality and mortality birth cohort file and the New Jersey linked natality, mortality, and hospital discharge summary birth cohort file. Singleton live births in the United States (n = ...
Kok J - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: To study the use, safety and effectiveness of a novel antenatal vaginal birth training device (EPI-NO) in primiparous women. METHODS: Antenatal use of the EPI-NO vaginal birth trainer was prospectively studied in 31 primiparous booked patients who were delivered by obstetricians from July to December 2002 at the KK ...
Kumari A S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes of planned vaginal delivery vs. elective cesarean delivery for breech presentation at term. METHODS: Retrospective study of term breech deliveries from January 1997 through December 2000. A group of 128 women for whom vaginal delivery was planned was compared with a group of ...
Khanal Rita - - 2004
This is a retrospective study conducted in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. The study includes all delivery in Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital (NMCTH) from March 09, 1997 to April 13, 2002. The objective of this study is to find out the incidence, indications, complications and fetal outcome in all ...
Adefuye, Peter O; Department ...
A retrospective review of all cases of vacuum assisted vaginal deliveries at the Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, between January 1990 and December 2001 is presented. During the study period there were 4962 deliveries and assisted vaginal deliveries by vacuum was 223, giving an incidence of 4.53%. Primiparous patients ...
Hoffman Matthew K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Interval delivery of the fetuses in multiple gestations has been shown to increase perinatal survival. CASE: A woman attempting interval delivery of triplets at 21 weeks developed chorioamnionitis, acute respiratory distress syndrome and tubular necrosis 7 days after delivery of the first fetus. CONCLUSION: When counseling women about the ...
Sharma Jai Bhagwan - - 2004
A 55-year-old lady, menopausal for 8 years, presented with vaginal swelling for the preceding 6 months and with post menopausal bleeding (two bouts). Examination revealed a vaginal mass of 7 x 5 cm which was ultrasonically diagnosed as vaginal fibroid. The vaginal mass was excised and confirmed to be a ...
Bassaw B - - 2004
The objective of this retrospective analysis of 344 singleton pregnancies of gestational ages greater than 24 weeks conducted at a tertiary hospital was to determine the fetal outcome in relation to the mode of delivery of the fetus with a breech presentation. Caesarean section was performed in 157 mothers, and ...
Eldridge Alexandra - - 2004
We set out to see how long it takes to achieve an operative vaginal delivery in normal practice. This was a prospective survey, conducted in a major and well-staffed British maternity unit over 1 month. Sixty-two assisted vaginal deliveries occurred in the month of the study. Thirteen data collection sheets ...
Ezechi O C - - 2004
We reviewed our experience with vaginal misoprostol induction of labour in 339 consecutive women with a live fetus and intact fetal membrane using 100 mcg 12-hourly until labour was established. The labours were monitored using the WHO partograph protocol. Two hundred and sixty-five women had a successful induction while 74 ...
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