Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1026
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Soong Barbara - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Most women will sustain some degree of trauma to the genital tract after vaginal birth. This study aimed to examine the association between maternal position at birth and perineal outcome in women who had a midwife-attended, spontaneous vaginal birth and an uncomplicated pregnancy at term. METHODS: Data from 3,756 ...
Li Y - - 2005
S. mutans plays a key role in dental caries. The extent to which perinatal events influence the acquisition of S. mutans is unclear. We hypothesized that several maternal factors, including the mode of delivery, influence the initial acquisition of S. mutans in infants. A prospective cohort study was conducted in ...
Sze E H M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rate of anal incontinence and severe incontinence among women who had 0, 1, and > or =2 additional vaginal deliveries after sustaining a third-degree perineal laceration and between subjects with one versus two third-degree tears. METHOD: A telephone survey was done to assess the anal function ...
Vendittelli F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Compare neonatal complications according to the planned mode of delivery and according to whether the women gave birth at a maternity unit that applied "consensus" guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: The study used the database of the AUDIPOG Sentinel Network (n=71,919 pregnancies between 1994 and 2000). The principal outcome was a ...
McDonagh Marian S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risks and benefits of inducing labour in women with a prior caesarean delivery. DESIGN: Systematic review. SAMPLE: Pregnant women with prior caesarean delivery. METHODS: Studies were identified using MEDLINE, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of ...
Doyle Nora M - - 2005
In December 2001, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists revised their recommendations for breech delivery. These recommendations acknowledge that although a planned vaginal delivery may no longer be appropriate, there are instances in which vaginal breech delivery is inevitable. Moreover, there continues to be patients who for any number ...
Fahdhy Mohammad - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: to assess the effectiveness of promoting the use of the World Health Organization (WHO) partograph by midwives for labour in a maternity home by comparing outcomes after birth. SETTING: Medan city, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia. PARTICIPANTS: 20 midwives who regularly conducted births in maternity homes, randomly allocated into two ...
Lowry C A - - 2005
We wished to establish whether delivery by Caesarean section influenced the incidence of developmental dysplasia of the hip in term breech infants compared with those delivered vaginally. We used maternal charts, singleton term breech presentation, mode of delivery and incidence of developmental dysplasia of the hip for births between January ...
Cieslak Theodore J - - 2005
We postulated a link between breech presentation and septic arthritis of the hip. To examine the potential association between these 2 relatively uncommon entities, we used the Patient Administration Systems and Biostatistics Activity (PASBA) database, which contains coded information derived from hospitalizations and ambulatory encounters at U.S. military hospitals worldwide. ...
Padhye S M - - 2005
Nepal is a land-locked developing country located in between China and India with a population of 2.34 millions. The male: female ratio being 49:51 and very high maternal mortality. (539/100,000 live birth-1996) The geography of the country makes the situation very much divergent and difficult to cater the health services, ...
Krupitz Hartmut - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The Term Breech Trial (TBT), a well-known study conducted by Hannah and published in the Lancet, revealed a better outcome for neonates after primary caesarean section compared with attempted vaginal delivery. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the results of TBT have to be taken ...
Uotila Jukka - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To compare perinatal outcome in groups of planned vaginal breech delivery, elective cesarean section with the fetus in breech presentation, and planned vaginal delivery with the fetus in cephalic presentation in a university hospital with a tradition of managing breech deliveries by the vaginal route. METHODS: A ...
Alexandersson Olof - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Medical documentation on term breech delivery (TBD) advocates planned abdominal delivery based on evidence. The aim of the present study was to describe a change in TBD practice in Sweden following evidence-based documentation arguing in favor of TBD by cesarean section (CS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a ...
- - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare perinatal and infant mortality in breech and cephalic presentations and between planned vaginal and cesarean section (CS) breech deliveries in Sweden. METHODS: The study comprised two parts. Study A is a national cohort study for the period 1991-2001, including 22 549 breech presentations and 875 249 cephalic ...
Eder Marcus - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the spectrum of normal conjunctival flora in newborns in two hospital centers in North Argentina and Paraguay. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, conjunctival specimens were obtained from the right eyes of newborns prior to the application of any topical medications. Culture samples were also obtained from ...
Arliss Jill M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the lunar cycle on the frequency of deliveries and/or delivery complications. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort, secondary analysis of 564,039 births across 62 lunar cycles that were identified from North Carolina birth certificate data from 1997 ...
Onah H E - - 2005
Recent studies have cast doubt on the recommended 30-min decision--delivery interval (DDI) in emergency caesarean sections. The practicability, justification, anticipated beneficial effect on neonatal outcome and its medico-legal implications have been questioned. We set out to determine (1) the DDI for emergency caesarean sections in two Nigerian tertiary care centres ...
Impey Lawrence - - 2005
BACKGROUND: External cephalic version (ECV) reduces the incidence of breech presentation at term and caesarean section for non-cephalic births. Tocolytics may improve success rates, but are time consuming, may cause side effects and have not been proven to alter caesarean section rates. The aim of this trial was to determine ...
Givens Melissa L - - 2005
Breech deliveries are the most common form of fetal malpresentations and are associated with significant risk for morbidity and mortality to mother and infant. There is an increased chance that emergency physicians may encounter breech deliveries as more women with known breech presentations are given the option for a trial ...
Okafor U V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality, for which preeclampsia is a major cause, is a problem in Nigeria. Accurate data are available for caesarean sections in the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu. We therefore studied the outcome of caesarean section among these high-risk patients. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective survey of hospital ...
Al-Inizi S A Thwaini - - 2005
In order to compare the short term outcome of vaginal and abdominal delivery of babies with breech presentation at term at a single centre, a retrospective study of 299 women presenting with singleton normal breech fetuses at term between 1st January 1996 and 31st December 2003, at a tertiary referral ...
Alsunnari Sahar - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of extreme macrosomia on perinatal outcome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all deliveries with birth weight > or = 5000 g in a tertiary centre from 1986 to 2000 and analyzed the method of delivery and perinatal outcome. RESULTS: Extreme macrosomia (birth weight ...
Ezegwui H U - - 2005
Our objective was to determine the trend of rupture of the gravid uterus at Enugu, Nigeria and to determine any change in pattern of presentation, management and outcome of such patients. The birth register of 4,333 deliveries at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu from January 1997 and December ...
Kamilya Gourisankar - - 2005
Eclampsia is a major source of both maternal and perinatal mortality. In the management of eclampsia, the role of magnesium sulphate as anticonvulsant and early delivery are well established. The present study is an analysis of maternal and perinatal outcomes after the introduction of magnesium sulphate and liberalisation of caesarean ...
Rietberg Christine C Th - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of the Term Breech Trial on the medical behaviour of Dutch obstetricians and on neonatal outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: The Netherlands. POPULATION: Infants born at term in breech presentation in the Netherlands between 1998 and 2002, with birthweights < or =4000 g (n= ...
Pradhan Poonam - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review the short and long term outcomes among singleton infants with breech presentation at term delivered in a geographically defined population over a 10-year period. DESIGN: Retrospective, cohort study. SETTING: District General Hospital. POPULATION: 1433 term breech infants alive at the onset of labour and born between January ...
Aoyagi Shigeaki - - 2005
A 23-year-old woman, gravida 1, para, 0, was transferred at 29 weeks and 2 days gestation for management of infective endocarditis (IE). Based on vegetations attached to the mitral valve by echocardiography and positive blood cultures for Streptococcus mitis, the diagnosis of IE was made at the referring hospital. On ...
- - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidelines for operative vaginal birth in the management of the second state of labour. OPTIONS: Nonoperative techniques, episiotomy, and Caesarean section are compared to operative vaginal birth. OUTCOME: Reduced fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. EVIDENCE: MEDLINE and Cochrane databases were searched using the key words "vacuum" ...
Fairley Tara E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and effectiveness of managing intrauterine death after 24 weeks gestation using a combination of mifepristone and misoprostol. STUDY DESIGN: Two regimens are compared. Twenty-nine women (group one) were managed using a combination of oral mifepristone and vaginal/oral misoprostol. After a change in dosage and route ...
Missouri Department of Health ...
This 2004 profile presents data relating to types and outcomes of child delivery in the city.
Liu Chao - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Erythema toxicum neonatorum (ETN) is a very common disease, but its predisposing factors are still unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the predisposing factors of ETN. METHODS: Seven hundred and eighty-three neonates born in the same hospital during the same period were investigated, and the factors predisposing to ETN were evaluated ...
Yi Sang-Wook - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of recorded and standard deliveries, and stamped and franked return envelops in a postal survey of Korean-Vietnam veterans. Nine hundred veterans were randomly divided into four subgroups. A randomized controlled trial was conducted for two mailing strategies. The 52 study ...
Eide Martha G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Long-term intellectual performance in breech-presented infants may be negatively affected by vaginal delivery. We evaluated the effect of presentation at birth and delivery mode on intellectual performance at age 18 years in a nationwide population study. METHODS: We studied 8,738 male infants in breech and 384,832 males in cephalic ...
Hassan Aisha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The caesarean section rate has increased to an alarming extent in the last three decades the world over and fear of rupture of uterus in subsequent pregnancy and labour has led to a high rate of repeat caesarean sections. The objective of this study was to determine the final ...
Coyle M E - - 2005
Moxibustion (a type of Chinese medicine which involves burning a herb close to the skin) to the acupuncture point Bladder 67 (BL67) (Chinese name Zhiyin), located at the tip of the fifth toe, has been proposed as a way of correcting breech presentation. As caesarean section is often suggested for ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors associated with caesarean delivery and the relationship between mode of delivery and mortality in singleton vertex-presenting very low birthweight (< or = 1500 g) live born infants. DESIGN: Observational population-based study. SETTING: Data collected from all 28 neonatal departments comprise the Israel National Very Low ...
Molkenboer J F M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of the results of term breech births in our clinic with the Term Breech Trial (TBT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the investigation period prospective data were collected on all deliveries of a term baby in breech presentation. Some pregnant women were included in the TBT and randomized in ...
Aisien A O - - 2004
Vaginal birth after one previous lower segment caesarean section represents one of the most significant and challenging issues in obstetric practice. A 5-year retrospective study was carried out at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital between January 1999 and December 2003, to determine the incidence, the maternal and fetal outcome ...
Chin K J - - 2004
Caesarean section carries a high risk of awareness, especially in the period prior to neonatal delivery. We investigated the concentration of sevoflurane required to maintain bispectral index (BIS) < 60 until delivery occurred. We enrolled 23 parturients into an up-down sequential allocation study. The median effective end-tidal concentration (EC(50)) of ...
Laubereau B - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate the effect of caesarean section on gastrointestinal symptoms, atopic dermatitis, and sensitisation to nutritional allergens in infants. METHODS: A total of 865 healthy full term neonates with parental history of allergy participating in the prospective German Infant Nutritional Intervention Program (GINI) were exclusively breast fed during the ...
Rizzo Nicola - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We studied mode of delivery and prevalence of complications in pregnant women from the western world (WW) and immigrant mothers from non European Union (non-EU) countries at a third level Italian Obstetric Department. STUDY DESIGN: The study was population based and used data from the local Birth Registry at ...
Dodd Jodie - - 2004
AIMS: To compare the benefits and harms of planned elective repeat Caesarean section with induction of labour and to assess different methods of cervical ripening and induction of labour for women with a previous Caesarean birth who require induction of labour in a subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: The Cochrane controlled trials ...
Mahieu Hans F - - 2004
Neonatal tracheal or laryngeal rupture is a rare but life-threatening condition that is attributable to traumatic endotracheal intubation or traumatic delivery. We present a review of the literature and 6 new cases of laryngeal or tracheal rupture following complicated delivery. High-risk groups were identified as 1) low-birth weight neonates, for ...
Dodd Jodie - - 2004
AIMS: To assess the benefits and harms of planned elective repeat Caesarean section with planned vaginal birth after Caesarean section (VBAC). METHODS: The Cochrane controlled trials register and MEDLINE (1966-current) were searched using the following terms: vaginal birth after C(a)esare(i)an; trial of labo(u)r; elective C(a)esare(i)an; C(a)esare(i)an section, repeat; randomis(z)ed controlled ...
Poggi Sarah H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Epidural anesthesia (EA) is used in 80% of vaginal deliveries and is linked to neonatal and maternal trauma. Our objectives were to determine (1) whether EA affected clinician-applied force on the fetus and (2) whether this force influenced perineal trauma. STUDY DESIGN: After informed consent, multiparas with term, cephalic, ...
Khawaja Marwan - - 2004
This paper examines the impact of near birth complications and socio-demographic, healthcare and spatial characteristics of caesarean section in Egypt, using data on 4032 births from the 2000 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey. The hospital caesarean section rate was 22% in Egypt. Fever/vaginal discharge around delivery, birth weight, mother's age ...
Bader D - - 2004
AIM: To compare the breathing patterns of infants born by elective caesarean section to those infants delivered by caesarean section after a failed trial of labour. METHODS: Healthy term infants born by caesarean section were studied. The study group (n = 13) had no trial of labour, whereas infants in ...
Boulet S L - - 2004
This review examines and summarises the literature regarding the mode of delivery of macrosomic infants and subsequent perinatal outcomes. A search of electronic databases was conducted and supplemented with investigation of the references cited in the original articles. Although the rates of obstetric complications differ among high birth weight infants ...
Gopalani Sameer - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine what factors are independently associated with an increased likelihood of failed operative vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based case-control study evaluating maternal, pregnancy, provider, care setting, and fetal factors associated with failed operative vaginal delivery. Subjects were identified using ...
Poggi Sarah H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In an effort to reduce shoulder dystocia incidence and morbidity, some obstetricians use prophylactic maternal hip hyperflexion (McRoberts maneuver), with the hope of facilitating delivery and decreasing the traction needed for delivery. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the delivery force is reduced with the prophylactic ...
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