Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1009
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Kung J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a possible reduction in shoulder diameter and circumference by extending the posterior arm during delivery, for an easier birth in cases of shoulder dystocia. METHODS: In this study of 33 neonates the bisacromial diameter and axilloacromial circumference were measured within 72 h of birth, first with the ...
Magadi Monica - - 2007
This paper uses DHS data from 20 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, collected in the late 1990s and early 2000s, to examine perceived size of newborn and Caesarean section deliveries among teenagers in the region. A comparison between teenagers and older women, based on logistic regression analyses for individual countries, as ...
Goffinet François - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A large trial published in 2000 concluded that planned vaginal delivery of term breech births is associated with high neonatal risks. Because the obstetric practices in that study differed from those in countries where planned vaginal delivery is still common, we conducted an observational prospective study to describe neonatal ...
Cameron Carolyn A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess trends and outcomes of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in New South Wales (NSW). METHODS: A population-based descriptive study of all 52,151 women who had a PPH either during the hospital stay for the birth of their baby or requiring a re-admission to hospital between 1994 and 2002. Data ...
Kwee Anneke - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality after uterine rupture in the Netherlands. STUDY DESIGN: All 100 Dutch obstetric departments were asked to participate in a prospective nationwide registration of uterine rupture between 1st April 2002 and 1st April 2003. For every case, a questionnaire about obstetrical history, ...
Bader D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a specific marker of cardiac injury. The use of cTnI in neonates, especially in relation to perinatal asphyxia has not been extensively examined. We defined the range of normal values of cTnI in newborns, and study factors that may influence these concentrations. METHODS: ...
Opoku Bk - - 2006
Summary To review vacuum deliveries conducted at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) Kumasi, over a one year period. The labour records of parturients who reported at KATH between 1(st) January and 31(st) December 2000 were retrieved. The records of those who had vacuum deliveries were reviewed for baseline practices and ...
Groom K M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance and safety of the Kiwi Omnicup and compare it to conventional vacuum cups in routine clinical practice. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial of the Kiwi Omnicup versus conventional vacuum cups. SETTING: Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, a tertiary referral hospital in London from April 2001 ...
MacArthur Christine - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of persistent and long term postpartum urinary incontinence and associations with mode of first and subsequent delivery. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Maternity units in Aberdeen (Scotland), Birmingham (England) and Dunedin (New Zealand). POPULATION: Women (4214) who returned postal questionnaires three months and six years after ...
Ragnar I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare two upright delivery positions at the second stage of labour in healthy primiparous women with regard to duration of the second stage of labour and maternal experience. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A county hospital delivery ward. SAMPLE: Primiparous subjects (n=271) were randomly allocated to a ...
Dahl J - - 2006
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of maternal multiple sclerosis (MS) on delivery and birth outcome in births without planned caesarean section. Data were collected from the compulsory Medical Birth Registry of Norway from 1988 to 2002. Intended vaginal births in this time period were 449 ...
Kumar G Anil - - 2006
Caesarean births were originally used as an emergency birthing alternative for complicated births and labours that endangered either the life of the child or the mother. A rising trend in Caesarean rates has been reported from Kerala, the state with the best demographic characteristics and access to health care within ...
Glezerman Marek - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: On the basis of the end points of neonatal morbidity and death, the authors of the term breech trial concluded unequivocally that cesarean delivery was safer for breech babies. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of the original and new data gives rise to serious concerns as far as study design, methods, ...
Tan E K - - 2006
Pulmonary thromboembolism is the leading direct cause of maternal deaths in the UK. The majority of deaths occur in the puerperium. Caesarean section has been recognised as a risk factor but there is concern that more attention to thromboprophylaxis after vaginal births is needed. The hospital maternity unit in Dumfries ...
Sigalas J - - 2006
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: We conducted a study of all the cases of elective caesarean section over a three-year period from 1 July 2001 to 30 June 2004, with the aim to compare general, epidural and spinal anaesthesia in respect to the incidence of neonatal respiratory morbidity. METHODS: It is an ...
Cuervo Luis Gabriel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Enemas are used during labour in obstetric settings with the belief that they reduce puerperal and neonatal infections, shorten labour duration, and make delivery cleaner for attending personnel. However, a systematic review of the literature found insufficient evidence to support the use of enemas. The objective of this RCT ...
Rager Kristin M - - 2006
High discontinuation rates for depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) in adolescents may contribute to the number of unintended pregnancies. Many cite vaginal bleeding as a reason for discontinuing DMPA use. In this study, we attempted to determine if treating DMPA-associated vaginal bleeding with monophasic oral contraceptive pills (OCP) raised continuation rates. ...
Parsons Steven M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of oral misoprostol 800 mug with intramuscular oxytocin 10 IU in routine management of the third stage of labour. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was performed in a rural district hospital in Ghana, West Africa, and enrolled women in labour with anticipated vaginal delivery and ...
Chatwani Ashwin J - - 2006
To determine if douching with Water Works device for 1 month can (1) lower or eliminate perceived vaginal odor by subject; (2) have any effects on vaginal ecosystem. Ten women with perceived vaginal odor with or without discharge, douched every day for 4 weeks in an open-label, nonrandomized pilot study. ...
Dodd J M - - 2006
Caesarean section involves making an incision in the woman's abdomen and cutting through the uterine muscle. The baby is then delivered through that incision. Difficult caesarean birth may result in injury for the infant. Medication that relaxes the uterus (tocolytic medication) may facilitate the birth of the baby at caesarean ...
McIntyre P G - - 2006
Observational studies have generally not provided evidence that delivery by caesarean section reduces perinatal hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission. However, these studies have methodological weaknesses with potential for bias and their findings should be interpreted with caution. To assess the evidence from randomised controlled trials that a policy of delivery ...
Dodd J M - - 2006
When a woman has had a previous caesarean birth and requires induction of labour in a subsequent pregnancy, there are two options for her care: elective repeat caesarean or planned induction of labour. While there are risks and benefits for both elective repeat caesarean birth and planned induction of labour, ...
Eriksson Susanne Ledin - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between epidural analgesia for labour-pain relief and mode of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: The Swedish medical birth register covers 99% of all births and contains prospectively collected information from all delivery units in Sweden. The present population-based cohort study includes singleton births among nulliparae during 1998-2000, ...
Taylor Lee K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risks of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in a second pregnancy, attributable to caesarean section in a first pregnancy. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional analytic study of hospital births in New South Wales, based on linked population databases. PARTICIPANTS: 136 101 women with one previous birth ...
Mollberg Margareta - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The risk of obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) is increased in infants delivered instrumentally. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for OBPP and to evaluate the association between possible risk factors linked to the duration of the vacuum extraction procedure and the subsequent risk. METHODS: ...
Attilakos G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a new handheld vacuum delivery device. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK. POPULATION: One hundred and ninety-four women requiring delivery with vacuum extraction. METHODS: Women were recruited into the study while still in early labour. If during delivery, vacuum extraction was ...
Kershaw Kathryn - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if two debriefing sessions following an operative delivery could reduce a woman's fear of future childbirth. DESIGN: Prospective randomised controlled trial (RCT) with two arms comparing debriefing, aimed to reduce fear of future childbirth, with standard care after birth. SETTING: District ...
Caughey Aaron B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare perinatal outcomes between forceps- and vacuum-assisted deliveries. Our hypothesis was that the force vectors achieved in forceps delivery will lead to fewer shoulder dystocias, but greater perineal lacerations. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 4,120 term, cephalic, singleton, nonrotational operative vaginal deliveries at a single ...
Dahan Michael H - - 2005
Retrospective data on 228 patients was analyzed in order to develop a predictive model of operative delivery, caesarean section for arrest of labor. The ANOVA, discriminant analysis and the Fisher discriminant function of SPSS were used. Birth weight, maternal age and maternal height were statistically significant risk factors, but only ...
Pathadey S D - - 2005
A retrospective study was undertaken in a district general hospital to identify factors associated with vaginal delivery, as opposed to caesarean section, in women undergoing induction of labour after a previous caesarean section. The study was undertaken over 9 years (April 1994 - May 2003) and included patients in their ...
Gungor Sadettin - - 2005
This prospective randomised controlled trial aimed to compare the effects of oronasopharyngeal suction with those of no suction in normal, term and vaginally born infants and was performed at a Turkish tertiary hospital from June 2003 to January 2004. A total of 140 newborns were enrolled in the trial (n ...
Roy Priyankur - - 2005
Krabbe disease is an extremely rare condition with an incidence of 1 in 1,00,000 live births. It is caused by deficient activity of the Iysosomal hydrolase galactosylceramide beta-galactosidase. A 6 years old male weighing 12 kg, was brought to Rajah Muthiah Medical College and Hospital with complaints of convulsions. The ...
da Graça Krupa Fabiana - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of immediate induction of labour with vaginal misoprostol versus expectant management for 24 hours followed by oxytocin induction in women with premature rupture of membranes at term (term PROM). DESIGN: An open, randomised, controlled trial. SETTING: Public university hospital in Campinas City, Brazil. POPULATION: One ...
Soong Barbara - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Most women will sustain some degree of trauma to the genital tract after vaginal birth. This study aimed to examine the association between maternal position at birth and perineal outcome in women who had a midwife-attended, spontaneous vaginal birth and an uncomplicated pregnancy at term. METHODS: Data from 3,756 ...
Li Y - - 2005
S. mutans plays a key role in dental caries. The extent to which perinatal events influence the acquisition of S. mutans is unclear. We hypothesized that several maternal factors, including the mode of delivery, influence the initial acquisition of S. mutans in infants. A prospective cohort study was conducted in ...
Sze E H M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rate of anal incontinence and severe incontinence among women who had 0, 1, and > or =2 additional vaginal deliveries after sustaining a third-degree perineal laceration and between subjects with one versus two third-degree tears. METHOD: A telephone survey was done to assess the anal function ...
Vendittelli F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Compare neonatal complications according to the planned mode of delivery and according to whether the women gave birth at a maternity unit that applied "consensus" guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: The study used the database of the AUDIPOG Sentinel Network (n=71,919 pregnancies between 1994 and 2000). The principal outcome was a ...
McDonagh Marian S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risks and benefits of inducing labour in women with a prior caesarean delivery. DESIGN: Systematic review. SAMPLE: Pregnant women with prior caesarean delivery. METHODS: Studies were identified using MEDLINE, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of ...
Doyle Nora M - - 2005
In December 2001, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists revised their recommendations for breech delivery. These recommendations acknowledge that although a planned vaginal delivery may no longer be appropriate, there are instances in which vaginal breech delivery is inevitable. Moreover, there continues to be patients who for any number ...
Fahdhy Mohammad - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: to assess the effectiveness of promoting the use of the World Health Organization (WHO) partograph by midwives for labour in a maternity home by comparing outcomes after birth. SETTING: Medan city, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia. PARTICIPANTS: 20 midwives who regularly conducted births in maternity homes, randomly allocated into two ...
Lowry C A - - 2005
We wished to establish whether delivery by Caesarean section influenced the incidence of developmental dysplasia of the hip in term breech infants compared with those delivered vaginally. We used maternal charts, singleton term breech presentation, mode of delivery and incidence of developmental dysplasia of the hip for births between January ...
Cieslak Theodore J - - 2005
We postulated a link between breech presentation and septic arthritis of the hip. To examine the potential association between these 2 relatively uncommon entities, we used the Patient Administration Systems and Biostatistics Activity (PASBA) database, which contains coded information derived from hospitalizations and ambulatory encounters at U.S. military hospitals worldwide. ...
Padhye S M - - 2005
Nepal is a land-locked developing country located in between China and India with a population of 2.34 millions. The male: female ratio being 49:51 and very high maternal mortality. (539/100,000 live birth-1996) The geography of the country makes the situation very much divergent and difficult to cater the health services, ...
Krupitz Hartmut - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The Term Breech Trial (TBT), a well-known study conducted by Hannah and published in the Lancet, revealed a better outcome for neonates after primary caesarean section compared with attempted vaginal delivery. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the results of TBT have to be taken ...
Uotila Jukka - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To compare perinatal outcome in groups of planned vaginal breech delivery, elective cesarean section with the fetus in breech presentation, and planned vaginal delivery with the fetus in cephalic presentation in a university hospital with a tradition of managing breech deliveries by the vaginal route. METHODS: A ...
Alexandersson Olof - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Medical documentation on term breech delivery (TBD) advocates planned abdominal delivery based on evidence. The aim of the present study was to describe a change in TBD practice in Sweden following evidence-based documentation arguing in favor of TBD by cesarean section (CS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a ...
- - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare perinatal and infant mortality in breech and cephalic presentations and between planned vaginal and cesarean section (CS) breech deliveries in Sweden. METHODS: The study comprised two parts. Study A is a national cohort study for the period 1991-2001, including 22 549 breech presentations and 875 249 cephalic ...
Eder Marcus - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the spectrum of normal conjunctival flora in newborns in two hospital centers in North Argentina and Paraguay. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, conjunctival specimens were obtained from the right eyes of newborns prior to the application of any topical medications. Culture samples were also obtained from ...
Arliss Jill M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the lunar cycle on the frequency of deliveries and/or delivery complications. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort, secondary analysis of 564,039 births across 62 lunar cycles that were identified from North Carolina birth certificate data from 1997 ...
Onah H E - - 2005
Recent studies have cast doubt on the recommended 30-min decision--delivery interval (DDI) in emergency caesarean sections. The practicability, justification, anticipated beneficial effect on neonatal outcome and its medico-legal implications have been questioned. We set out to determine (1) the DDI for emergency caesarean sections in two Nigerian tertiary care centres ...
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