Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1034
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Drife J - - 2006
Elective caesarean section for women in labour with an immature baby might reduce the chances of fetal or neonatal death, but might also increase the risk of maternal morbidity. A review (updated in February 2004) of randomised trials comparing a policy of elective caesarean section versus expectant management with recourse ...
Nichols Catherine Matthews - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the documentation frequency of informed consent for women undergoing a trial of nonemergent instrumental delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of instrumented vaginal deliveries from 1992 to 2005 was performed. Cases were identified from a Labor and Delivery database and hospital records were reviewed for documentation ...
Chang Jui-Hsing - - 2006
AIM: To assess the neonatal morbidity of alternative modes of delivery using economic data. METHODS: Two groups of neonatal morbidity data were extracted according to mode of delivery from inpatient claims on National Health Insurance in Taiwan: uncomplicated vaginal and caesarean section deliveries. Outcome variables included number of infants treated ...
Uma Ramalingam - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and its genotype have been shown to play a role in the pathophysiology of pregnancy complications such as pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction and possibly in adult onset chronic diseases. The physiological changes of ACE and the influence of its genotype during the intrapartum period ...
Abenhaim Haim A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between physicians' instrument preference and obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study comparing obstetrical and neonatal outcomes of second stage deliveries between obstetricians who prefer forceps (forceps >/=90%) with obstetricians with no preference to forceps (either instrument <90%) was completed using the ...
Zanetti-Daellenbach Rosanna A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The goal of our study was to assess the effect of water birth on obstetrical outcome, the maternal and neonatal infection rate in a selected low risk collective. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective observational study (1998-2002) 513 women, wished to have a water birth. The study was approved by ...
Edwards Heather - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: There is conflicting data in the literature regarding the risk of obstetric anal sphincter laceration in patients with a prior laceration. This retrospective chart review seeks to examine the risk of recurrence of obstetric anal sphincter lacerations. METHODS: Patients who sustained anal sphincter laceration at delivery during a 13-year ...
Dryden C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Infants with risk factors for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) should have hip ultrasounds performed shortly after birth to detect and treat the condition at an early stage. Breech presentation is associated with increased risk of DDH. We embarked on an audit cycle to assess and improve our ...
Moriarty K T - - 2006
The aim of this audit was to evaluate whether the '30 minute decision-to-delivery interval' for 'urgent' caesarean section has shown consistent improvement with repeated audit within this unit. The audit dataset comprised a random sample of all urgent caesarean sections carried out in 2004 classified as 'urgent', i.e. to be ...
Hopkins L M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether vaginal breech delivery is associated with increased morbidity in term breech singletons using strict selection criteria. This study encompasses our previous studies (in 1987 and 1995) and extends our experience to 21 years. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study from 1980 to 2001 including term, non-anomalous singleton ...
Balkan M Erkan - - 2006
A 25-year-old primiparous woman in her third trimester (36. week) of pregnancy presented with spontaneous pneumomediastinum and cervical subcutaneous emphysema. The patient's symptoms were completely resolved after 2 weeks of supportive management. A Caesarean section was performed in 40. week under general anaesthesia resulting in the birth of a healthy ...
Herbst Andreas - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between mode of delivery and neonatal outcome in singleton pregnancy with breech presentation and preterm birth, due to premature labour (PTL) and/or preterm premature rupture of the membranes (pPROM). DESIGN AND METHODS: Information on preterm (gestational week 25-36) singleton births in breech presentation in Sweden ...
Gharoro E P - - 2006
Achieving normal vaginal delivery requires an orderly transition from early labour to an established active labour. We analysed retrospectively the outcome of labour and the delivery mode based on the diagnosis of labour from the first examination of 3,130 parturients. A total of 1,847 (59.1%) delivered mothers had the first ...
Wagner Marie-Soleil - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Late postpartum hemorrhage following a Caesarean section (CS) is uncommon. A partial or complete dehiscence of the lower segment CS incision is a rare but possible cause. CASE: A 33-year-old woman underwent a lower segment CS for chorioamnionitis and failure to progress in labour at 40 weeks and 5 ...
Lappas M - - 2007
Within the discipline of reproductive biology, our understanding of one of the most fundamental biological processes is lacking--the cellular and molecular mechanisms that govern birth. This lack of understanding limits our ability to reduce the incidence of labour complications. The incidence of labour complications including: preterm labour; cervical incompetence; and ...
Krebs Lone - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between breech at term and epilepsy in childhood, and identify risk factors for epilepsy in term breech infants. STUDY DESIGN: Register-based study of all (n = 7514) singleton term infants without malformations, born between 1980 and 1994 and hospitalised with epilepsy until year 1996. For ...
Baskett T F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate predictive factors for respiratory depression at birth in infants >/=37 weeks. DESIGN: A population-based cohort study of respiratory depression at birth at term and post-term. SETTING: Nova Scotia, Canada. POPULATION: All 126 604 nonanomalous, singleton deliveries >/=37 weeks in cephalic presentation from 1988-2002. METHODS: An analysis of ...
- - 2006
In light of recent studies that further clarify the long-term risks of vaginal breech delivery, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that the decision regarding mode of delivery should depend on the experience of the health care provider Cesarean delivery will be the preferred mode for most physicians ...
Founds Sandra A - - 2006
The results from an exploratory study of the effectiveness of maternal knee-chest posture for producing cephalic version of breech presentation are shown. Methods are briefly described and clinical implications are presented. Among 25 women, fewer who performed the maternal knee-chest postural intervention experienced fetal cephalic version than women in the ...
Villar José - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Caesarean delivery rates continue to increase worldwide. Our aim was to assess the association between caesarean delivery and pregnancy outcome at the institutional level, adjusting for the pregnant population and institutional characteristics. METHODS: For the 2005 WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health, we assessed a multistage stratified ...
Albers Leah L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Episiotomy rates are declining in the United States. In settings with very low rates, evidence remains sparse on how best to facilitate birth without lacerations. The purpose of this investigation was to identify maternal and clinical factors related to genital tract trauma in normal, spontaneous vaginal births. METHODS: Data ...
Lurie Samuel - - 2006
Caesarean delivery was practised for ages, almost always as a postmortem procedure. It is referred to in the myths and folklore of many ancient societies, for some of the infants so delivered survived, although their mothers did not. A fascinating medical situation of vaginal birth after caesarean delivery that may ...
Atherton Neil - - 2006
AIM: Whether or not a paediatric registrar or consultant paediatrician trained in advanced neonatal resuscitation is needed at elective Caesarean section (CS) deliveries remains controversial. The objective of this study was to provide recent population-based data comparing the need for resuscitation of babies born at >or=37 weeks gestation by elective ...
Abasiattai A M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To establish the role of Caesarean section in reducing perinatal mortality following singleton breech delivery in the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar. METHOD: The case notes of all patients who had singleton breech delivery between 1st January 1991 and 31st December 2000 were studied. RESULTS: The incidence of ...
Bonsignore Luca T - - 2006
This study analysed the long-term consequences of an asphyctic event at birth on maternal behaviour and emotionality in rats. Pregnant Wistar rats were delivered by Caesarean section and the pups, still in the uterus horns, were placed into a water bath at 37 degrees C for periods of 0 (Caesarean ...
Kung J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a possible reduction in shoulder diameter and circumference by extending the posterior arm during delivery, for an easier birth in cases of shoulder dystocia. METHODS: In this study of 33 neonates the bisacromial diameter and axilloacromial circumference were measured within 72 h of birth, first with the ...
Magadi Monica - - 2007
This paper uses DHS data from 20 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, collected in the late 1990s and early 2000s, to examine perceived size of newborn and Caesarean section deliveries among teenagers in the region. A comparison between teenagers and older women, based on logistic regression analyses for individual countries, as ...
Goffinet François - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A large trial published in 2000 concluded that planned vaginal delivery of term breech births is associated with high neonatal risks. Because the obstetric practices in that study differed from those in countries where planned vaginal delivery is still common, we conducted an observational prospective study to describe neonatal ...
Cameron Carolyn A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess trends and outcomes of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in New South Wales (NSW). METHODS: A population-based descriptive study of all 52,151 women who had a PPH either during the hospital stay for the birth of their baby or requiring a re-admission to hospital between 1994 and 2002. Data ...
Kwee Anneke - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality after uterine rupture in the Netherlands. STUDY DESIGN: All 100 Dutch obstetric departments were asked to participate in a prospective nationwide registration of uterine rupture between 1st April 2002 and 1st April 2003. For every case, a questionnaire about obstetrical history, ...
Bader D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a specific marker of cardiac injury. The use of cTnI in neonates, especially in relation to perinatal asphyxia has not been extensively examined. We defined the range of normal values of cTnI in newborns, and study factors that may influence these concentrations. METHODS: ...
Opoku Bk B Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology-School of Medical Sciences, Kumasi, - - 2006
To review vacuum deliveries conducted at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) Kumasi, over a one year period. The labour records of parturients who reported at KATH between 1(st) January and 31(st) December 2000 were retrieved. The records of those who had vacuum deliveries were reviewed for baseline practices and outcomes. ...
Groom K M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance and safety of the Kiwi Omnicup and compare it to conventional vacuum cups in routine clinical practice. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial of the Kiwi Omnicup versus conventional vacuum cups. SETTING: Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, a tertiary referral hospital in London from April 2001 ...
MacArthur Christine - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of persistent and long term postpartum urinary incontinence and associations with mode of first and subsequent delivery. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Maternity units in Aberdeen (Scotland), Birmingham (England) and Dunedin (New Zealand). POPULATION: Women (4214) who returned postal questionnaires three months and six years after ...
Ragnar I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare two upright delivery positions at the second stage of labour in healthy primiparous women with regard to duration of the second stage of labour and maternal experience. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A county hospital delivery ward. SAMPLE: Primiparous subjects (n=271) were randomly allocated to a ...
Dahl J - - 2006
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of maternal multiple sclerosis (MS) on delivery and birth outcome in births without planned caesarean section. Data were collected from the compulsory Medical Birth Registry of Norway from 1988 to 2002. Intended vaginal births in this time period were 449 ...
Kumar G Anil - - 2006
Caesarean births were originally used as an emergency birthing alternative for complicated births and labours that endangered either the life of the child or the mother. A rising trend in Caesarean rates has been reported from Kerala, the state with the best demographic characteristics and access to health care within ...
Glezerman Marek - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: On the basis of the end points of neonatal morbidity and death, the authors of the term breech trial concluded unequivocally that cesarean delivery was safer for breech babies. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of the original and new data gives rise to serious concerns as far as study design, methods, ...
Tan E K - - 2006
Pulmonary thromboembolism is the leading direct cause of maternal deaths in the UK. The majority of deaths occur in the puerperium. Caesarean section has been recognised as a risk factor but there is concern that more attention to thromboprophylaxis after vaginal births is needed. The hospital maternity unit in Dumfries ...
Sigalas J - - 2006
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: We conducted a study of all the cases of elective caesarean section over a three-year period from 1 July 2001 to 30 June 2004, with the aim to compare general, epidural and spinal anaesthesia in respect to the incidence of neonatal respiratory morbidity. METHODS: It is an ...
Cuervo Luis Gabriel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Enemas are used during labour in obstetric settings with the belief that they reduce puerperal and neonatal infections, shorten labour duration, and make delivery cleaner for attending personnel. However, a systematic review of the literature found insufficient evidence to support the use of enemas. The objective of this RCT ...
Rager Kristin M - - 2006
High discontinuation rates for depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) in adolescents may contribute to the number of unintended pregnancies. Many cite vaginal bleeding as a reason for discontinuing DMPA use. In this study, we attempted to determine if treating DMPA-associated vaginal bleeding with monophasic oral contraceptive pills (OCP) raised continuation rates. ...
Parsons Steven M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of oral misoprostol 800 mug with intramuscular oxytocin 10 IU in routine management of the third stage of labour. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was performed in a rural district hospital in Ghana, West Africa, and enrolled women in labour with anticipated vaginal delivery and ...
Chatwani Ashwin J - - 2006
To determine if douching with Water Works device for 1 month can (1) lower or eliminate perceived vaginal odor by subject; (2) have any effects on vaginal ecosystem. Ten women with perceived vaginal odor with or without discharge, douched every day for 4 weeks in an open-label, nonrandomized pilot study. ...
Dodd J M - - 2006
Caesarean section involves making an incision in the woman's abdomen and cutting through the uterine muscle. The baby is then delivered through that incision. Difficult caesarean birth may result in injury for the infant. Medication that relaxes the uterus (tocolytic medication) may facilitate the birth of the baby at caesarean ...
McIntyre P G - - 2006
Observational studies have generally not provided evidence that delivery by caesarean section reduces perinatal hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission. However, these studies have methodological weaknesses with potential for bias and their findings should be interpreted with caution. To assess the evidence from randomised controlled trials that a policy of delivery ...
Dodd J M - - 2006
When a woman has had a previous caesarean birth and requires induction of labour in a subsequent pregnancy, there are two options for her care: elective repeat caesarean or planned induction of labour. While there are risks and benefits for both elective repeat caesarean birth and planned induction of labour, ...
Eriksson Susanne Ledin - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between epidural analgesia for labour-pain relief and mode of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: The Swedish medical birth register covers 99% of all births and contains prospectively collected information from all delivery units in Sweden. The present population-based cohort study includes singleton births among nulliparae during 1998-2000, ...
Taylor Lee K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risks of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in a second pregnancy, attributable to caesarean section in a first pregnancy. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional analytic study of hospital births in New South Wales, based on linked population databases. PARTICIPANTS: 136 101 women with one previous birth ...
Mollberg Margareta - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The risk of obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) is increased in infants delivered instrumentally. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for OBPP and to evaluate the association between possible risk factors linked to the duration of the vacuum extraction procedure and the subsequent risk. METHODS: ...
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