Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1031
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Yang Jin - - 2008
Caesarean section before labor or before ruptured membranes ("elective caesarean section", or ECS) has been introduced as an intervention for preventing mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Currently, no evidence that ECS versus vaginal delivery reduces the rate of MTCT of HBV has been generally provided. The aim ...
Majoko Franz - - 2008
The majority of women have spontaneous vaginal births, but some women need assistance in the second stage with delivery of the baby, using either the obstetric forceps or vacuum extraction. Rates of instrumental vaginal delivery range from 5% to 20% of all births in industrialised countries. The majority of instrumental ...
Hansen Anne Kirkeby AK Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Aarhus University Hospital, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, Skejby, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. - - 2008
To investigate the association between elective caesarean sections and neonatal respiratory morbidity and the importance of timing of elective caesarean sections. Cohort study with prospectively collected data from the Aarhus birth cohort, Denmark. Obstetric department and neonatal department of a university hospital in Denmark. All liveborn babies without malformations, with ...
Mitsou Evdokia K - - 2008
This study aimed to explore, in our geographical region, the development of intestinal microflora and the colonization patterns of lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria during the first three months of life and to investigate the effect of the mode of delivery. Fecal specimens from 82 healthy, full-term infants were collected ...
Kicklighter S D - - 2007
Use of the vacuum for operative vaginal deliveries has become more favorable with fewer obstetricians and family practitioners trained in the use of forceps. When compared with forcep-assisted deliveries, the vacuum has been associated with a higher incidence of subgaleal hemorrhage (SGH), cephalhematomas, skull and clavicular fractures, Erb's Palsy, intracranial ...
Khawaja M - - 2007
This paper explores recent levels and trends in the prevalence of Caesarean section (C-section) delivery in Jordan during the period 1990--2002 and examines the impact of socio-demographic, healthcare and spatial characteristics on C-sections there. The study used three national data sets from the Jordan Demographic and Health Survey (JDHS) program ...
Dani Carlo - - 2007
The higher risk of respiratory problem in infants delivered by elective caesarean section in comparison with vaginally born infants may be favoured by lower level of nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) and higher oxidative stress in infants born by caesarean section. We studied healthy term infants born by ...
Huurre Anu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The rate of caesarean deliveries has increased 10-fold worldwide during the past decades. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in the establishment of gut microbiota in infants born by vaginal or caesarean delivery and its impact on mucosal immunity. METHODS: Altogether, 165 consecutive children, prospectively followed from birth at our clinic ...
Jeffery Patricia - - 2007
Intrapartum use of oxytocin should entail controlled dosages administered through infusion, continual monitoring of mother and fetus and surgical back-up, since several adverse outcomes have been reported. However, in Uttar Pradesh, north India, small-scale ethnographic studies as well as a large-scale retrospective survey have established that unmonitored intramuscular oxytocin injections ...
Saleem S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess tolerance and safety of 0.6% chlorhexidine vaginal and neonatal wipes to improve perinatal outcomes in home deliveries in Pakistan and the ability of traditional birth attendants and project staff to perform a randomized trial of this intervention. METHODS: Focus groups of pregnant and nonpregnant women and in-depth ...
Liston F A FA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2008
To estimate the impact of caesarean delivery on the incidence of selected neonatal outcomes. A 15-year, population-based, cohort study (1988-2002) using the Nova Scotia Atlee Perinatal Database compared neonatal outcomes in term newborns born by spontaneous and assisted vaginal delivery, with newborns born by caesarean delivery, with and without labour, ...
Vranjes Maja - - 2008
AIM: To compare the influence of different modes of vaginal delivery in breech presentation on perinatal outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the period 2000-2005, perinatal outcome of newborns was compared in 144 vaginal breech deliveries divided into 5 groups depending on the mode of delivery used (Bracht, Thiessen, Muller, Mauriceau-Levret-Veit-Smellie ...
Chigbu C O - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence, aetiology and outcomes of caesarean section refusal in pregnant women. DESIGN: A prospective controlled study. SETTING: University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital and Aghaeze Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria. POPULATION: A total of 62 Nigerian women who declined elective caesarean section. METHOD: Interviewer-administered questionnaires at the time of ...
Todman Donald - - 2007
Caesarean section has been recorded in history since ancient times in both Western and non-Western literature. Although the first use of the term in obstetrics was from the seventeenth century, its early history is obscured by mythology. The origin of the term caesarean is believed to be from the birth ...
Sufang Guo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the influence of increasing use of health-care services on rising rates of caesarean section in China. METHODS: We used data from a population-based survey conducted by the United Nations Population Fund during September 2003 in 30 selected counties in three regions of China. The study sample (derived ...
Mutihir J T - - 2007
There were 297 unbooked patients constituting 2% of all deliveries in the Jos Teaching Hospital. Mean age and parity were 26.7 +/- 6.8 years and 3.7 +/- 3.0, respectively. Non-literate women accounted for 36.9%, secondary education 26.2% and tertiary education 3.8%. Housewives constituted 81.2% of the mothers. The majority (93%) ...
Moradi-Lakeh Maziar - - 2007
To determine the equality in safe delivery indices, i.e., appropriate place of delivery, type of delivery and skilled attendant for delivery, and their determinants in Iran. This study was performed using the data of Iran demographic and health survey, performed in 2000. Our sample was nationally representative and included 17,991 ...
Beckmann Michael M Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mater Health Service, Raymond Tce, South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. - - 2007
A failed induction usually refers to failure to progress to the active phase of labour; however, there is no consensus regarding when an induction has failed. To investigate the factors (particularly length of latent phase) that may influence mode of birth for women undergoing Syntocinon induction of labour. A retrospective ...
Greco Anita - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how the mode of delivery affects the level oxidative stress in newborns. DESIGN AND METHODS: 15-F(2t)-isoprostane, as index of oxidative stress, was measured in umbilical cord plasma samples from 37 infants born after vaginal delivery or caesarian section, using specific immuno-affinity extraction and immunoassay. RESULTS: 15-F(2t)-isoprostane levels ...
Biswas Arati - - 2007
To compare active management of third stage of labour with 15-methyl prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) and conventional management with methylergometrine as prophylaxis for postpartum hemorrhage, a randomised comparative study was carried out at Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata on 100 women. They were randomly allotted to one of the ...
Tshorny M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Fetuses found to be in the breech presentation have limited motion of their lower limbs. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that bone speed of sound (SOS) would be lower in infants born after breech presentation than in those born after vertex presentation. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Haque Khalid N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether delivery by caesarean is associated with a better neuro-developmental outcome at two years for preterm infants born weighing 1,250 g or less. SETTING: District General Hospital, United Kingdom. DESIGN: All inborn infants weighing <1,250 g born at St Helier University Hospital between January 1995 and December ...
Khazardoost S - - 2007
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a life-threatening respiratory disease in infants born through meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors for MAS in the newborns of mothers who had meconium stained amniotic fluid in labour. A retrospective study of all full-term pregnancies ...
Okezie A O - - 2007
Between January 2001 and December 2004, a total of 2,922 deliveries were conducted at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital , Enugu. Caesarean section accounted for 740 deliveries, an incidence of 25.3%. A total of 62.2% of caesarean sections were done as emergencies, while 37.8% were done as elective procedures ...
Bryant Joanne - - 2007
This article draws on qualitative data to explore the beliefs through which decisions about caesarean birth are made and to consider how these might contribute to the increasing rate of caesarean birth. A total of 36 interviews were conducted in Australia, including 12 hospital-based midwives, 6 obstetricians, and 18 women ...
Sheil Amy T - - 2007
The fetus is subjected to mechanical forces during labor and delivery, which may result in traumatic injuries. Such injuries include intracranial hemorrhage, spinal cord lesions, cephalhematoma, cranial or peripheral nerve palsies, intraabdominal organ rupture, or bony fractures. Risk for perinatal trauma and mortality is increased in primigravidas, multiple gestations, abnormal ...
Barrier Breton F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Breech presentation in baboons may be associated with head entrapment and stillbirth during vaginal delivery. For this reason, pregnant dams at our institution typically undergo cesarean delivery for known breech presentation, leading to problems with maternal-infant bonding and increased nursery utilization. METHODS: This paper describes a simple, non-invasive technique ...
Tan P C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare concurrent oxytocin with dinoprostone pessary versus dinoprostone pessary in labour induction for nulliparas with an unfavourable cervix. DESIGN: A randomised double-blind study. SETTING: University Malaya Medical Centre, Malaysia. POPULATION: Nulliparas at term with intact membranes, Bishop score < or = 6 and admitted for labour induction. METHODS: ...
Miller S - - 2007
To determine the outcomes of vaginal deliveries in three study hospitals in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), People's Republic of China (PRC), at high altitude (3650 m). Prospective observational study of 1121 vaginal deliveries. Pre-eclampsia/gestational hypertension (PE/GH) was the most common maternal complication 18.9% (n=212), followed by postpartum hemorrhage (blood ...
Macleod Maureen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To establish the views and current practice of obstetricians with regard to operative vaginal delivery and the use of episiotomy. STUDY DESIGN: A national survey of consultant obstetricians and specialist registrars practising in the United Kingdom and Ireland registered with the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG), London. ...
Omole-Ohonsi A - - 2007
A prospective partographic study of labour in 102 women with one previous lower uterine segment caesarean section in the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria, was carried out to assess the predictive value of partogram on the outcome of labour in vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBACS). The outcomes measured ...
Hart E M - - 2007
Total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage is a rare form of congenital heart disease. It usually presents in the neonatal period, although later presentation, including in adulthood, is known to occur. We could not find any accounts of adult survivors with the undiagnosed disease becoming pregnant. We describe the case of ...
Stehr Sebastian N - - 2007
Perimortem caesarean section is very rare, mostly resulting in high mortality of mother and/or fetus. We report a case of successful resuscitation of both mother and newborn following maternal cardiac arrest prior to delivery. Postoperative outcome was complicated by severe bleeding and coagulopathy following fibrinolysis and subcapsular hepatic haematoma. We ...
Olatunji A O - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the presentation of eclampsia and its outcome on the mother and babies in our environment with a view to suggesting strategies for improvement. METHODS: A retrospective study at 93 cases of eclampsia treated at Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital Sagamu was undertaken. Data was collected by scrutinizing ...
Tan Peng Chiong - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome in 1000 women at term with one lower transverse Caesarean that was suitable for a trial of labour. METHODS: One thousand consecutive women with one previous scar suitable for a trial of labour delivering in our centre from June 2002 to December 2005 were identified ...
Zafar Mona - - 2007
A 25 years old lady with vaginal atresia, secondary to a mismanaged spontaneous vaginal delivery, underwent vaginoplasty using human amnion. The amnion was kept in its place using a 60cc syringe as a mould. For the next three months, dilatation by soft mould was followed by regular intercourse. Alongwith the ...
Murphy Deirdre J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether a target decision to delivery interval (DDI) is appropriate for 'emergency' operative vaginal delivery and whether this would reduce adverse neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 1021 singleton term babies who experienced operative delivery for ...
Daskalakis G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes for fetuses at term in breech presentation during 2 periods when different delivery policies were in effect. METHODS: Outcomes of the 392 planned vaginal deliveries and 1160 elective cesarean sections (CSs) performed from January 1, 1988, through December 31, 2000, were compared with those of the ...
Högberg U - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse infant mortality among infants born extremely preterm in relation to mode of delivery, maternal diagnosis, and different institutional policies. METHODS: We conducted a national tertiary health care center study using Swedish Medical Birth Register (MBR) data from 1990 to 2002, to ...
Sakse Abelone - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a potentially life-threatening situation that sometimes requires a hysterectomy. We examined the national incidence, risk factors, indications, outcomes and complications of peripartum hysterectomy following vaginal and caesarean delivery. METHODS: Peripartum hysterectomy was defined as a hysterectomy after birth until 1 month after delivery using ...
Chervenak F A - - 2007
Peri-viability, 22-26 completed weeks' gestational age, has generated ongoing clinical ethical controversies concerning the roles of abortion, caesarean delivery for fetal indication, neonatal resuscitation and limits on life-sustaining treatment of neonates. This paper provides a comprehensive, ethically justified approach to the clinical management of peri-viable fetuses and infants. We reviewed ...
Schulpis Kleopatra H - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the effect of the mode of labour and delivery on the total antioxidant status (TAS), and the biomarker of DNA oxidation, 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) serum levels, in mothers and their newborns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Some 106 women with normal pregnancy and normal blood biochemical parameters were divided into ...
Smith J - - 2007
This was a retrospective analysis of postpartum emergency hysterectomy performed between 1988-2003, to study incidence indicators, risk factors and complications. We included any women who required emergency hysterectomy to control major postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) after delivery, following a pregnancy of at least 24 weeks' gestation, regardless of the mode of ...
Gagnon A J - - 2007
Structured antenatal education programs for childbirth or parenthood, or both, are commonly recommended for pregnant women and their partners by healthcare professionals in many parts of the world. Such programs are usually offered to groups but may be offered to individuals. To assess the effects of this education on knowledge ...
Quigley M A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to measure the agreement between hospital records and maternal reporting of mode of delivery in a representative UK sample. DESIGN: Population-based survey (Millennium Cohort Study). SETTING: UK. POPULATION: A total of 12,391 singleton infants born in 2000-2002. METHODS: Mothers were interviewed when infants ...
Wanyonyi S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There has been a persistent rise in the rate of Caesarean sections over the years. Whether this rise is the cause of the decline in infant mortality and improved neonatal outcome still remains debatable. OBJECTIVE: To compare the Caesarian section rate and the perinatal outcome at the Aga Khan ...
Thornton Michelle J - - 2006
There is a detailed literature comprising clinical and anorectal physiological studies linking faecal incontinence to vaginal delivery. Specific risk factors are high infant birthweight, forceps delivery and prolonged second stage of labour. The onset of symptoms may be delayed for many years. Faecal incontinence occurs in more than 10% of ...
Drife J - - 2006
Elective caesarean section for women in labour with an immature baby might reduce the chances of fetal or neonatal death, but might also increase the risk of maternal morbidity. A review (updated in February 2004) of randomised trials comparing a policy of elective caesarean section versus expectant management with recourse ...
Nichols Catherine Matthews - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the documentation frequency of informed consent for women undergoing a trial of nonemergent instrumental delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of instrumented vaginal deliveries from 1992 to 2005 was performed. Cases were identified from a Labor and Delivery database and hospital records were reviewed for documentation ...
Chang Jui-Hsing - - 2006
AIM: To assess the neonatal morbidity of alternative modes of delivery using economic data. METHODS: Two groups of neonatal morbidity data were extracted according to mode of delivery from inpatient claims on National Health Insurance in Taiwan: uncomplicated vaginal and caesarean section deliveries. Outcome variables included number of infants treated ...
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