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Results 151 - 200 of 1026
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Laopaiboon Malinee - - 2009
Evidence on the benefits of music during caesarean section under regional anaesthesia to improve clinical and psychological outcomes for mothers and infants has not been established. To evaluate the effectiveness of music during caesarean section under regional anaesthesia for improving clinical and psychological outcomes for mothers and infants. We searched ...
Guittier Marie-Julia - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Moxibustion, a Traditional Chinese Medicine technique related to acupuncture, was proposed to facilitate cephalic version of breech presentation. Several trials were conducted to evaluate the efficacy, but there are few reports on the safety of moxibustion. Our objective was to assess the side-effects and acceptability of this intervention. DESIGN: ...
Stein W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The population-based Caesarean rate in sub-Saharan Africa is very low. The lack of necessary Caesarean sections is an important cause of the high maternal mortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa. The Nyakahanga District Hospital in Western Tanzania showed a persistent and massive increase in the Caesarean rate which was ...
Salas A A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Normal reference values for pulse oximetry saturation (POS) have been established for healthy term newborns at sea level; however, normal values for POS have not been clearly defined for infants born at high altitudes. OBJECTIVE: To determine reference values of POS during the 1st day of life in a ...
Sekulić Slobodan - - 2009
AIM: To investigate differences between the infants born in occipital and breech presentation relative to the passive and active motility. METHOD: A prospective study was conducted in the period from 2006 to 2007 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Novi Sad. Subjects were 50 breech-presenting and 87 occipital-presenting ...
Mahony R - - 2008
Perineal outcome in 1000 consecutive term non instrumental second vaginal deliveries was correlated with first delivery method and perineal outcome. Our aim was to determine the relationship between perineal outcome at first and second vaginal deliveries. Overall 75% of first non instrumental vaginal deliveries required sutures. Sutures were required at ...
Pasupathy Dharmintra D Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, - - 2009
To determine the factors associated with the risk of delivery-related perinatal and neonatal death among term infants presenting by the breech and the effect of changes in the mode of delivery on the overall rates of perinatal and neonatal mortality associated with breech presentation. We studied 32,776 singleton term infants ...
Takaya Akane - - 2008
In this case-control study, we examined infants delivered vaginally at 37 weeks or later to identify factors associated with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). We reviewed the obstetric records of all vaginal deliveries at the Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity Hospital from 2005 through 2007. Demographic information and the ...
Kho Ee Min - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are various prostaglandin preparations available for inducing labour. Controlled-release dinoprostone vaginal pessary is used in a number of centres in Australia and New Zealand. AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of controlled-release dinoprostone vaginal pessary (Cervidil) with dinoprostone intravaginal gel (Prostin E2) for induction of labour. METHODS: ...
Swende T Z - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Caesarean delivery is an important aspect of emergency obstetric care and a major tool in the reduction of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality This study was done to determine the caesarean section rate, ascertain the trend of emergency caesarean section, indications for emergency caesarean section and emergency caesarean ...
Fareeduddin Rizwana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Subgaleal hemorrhage (SGH) is a rare but possibly fatal condition in the neonate. Vacuum extractors are effective options for operative vaginal delivery. However, their use can increase the risk of intracranial hemorrhage in the neonate. CASE: A male infant delivered by cesarean section with assistance of a vacuum extractor ...
Rubio Amandine S - - 2009
Postural deformities are frequent in neonates. The moulded baby syndrome (MBS) comprises one or more of the following disorders: plagiocephaly, torticollis, congenital scoliosis, pelvic obliquity, adduction contracture of a hip and/or malpositions of the knees or feet. We analysed the incidence of MBS in healthy neonates and identified the risk ...
Bergqvist L L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study whether the mode of delivery alters pain expression. STUDY DESIGN: Full-term infants born by vaginal delivery or elective caesarean section were observed following high- and low-intensity pain stimuli, with recording of electrocardiogram, facial expression and vocalization. RESULT: Graded physiological and behavioral responses occurred, with greater responses to ...
Jadoon Samina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the maternal and neonatal complications in terms of genital tract trauma to mother, perinatal mortality, Apgar score at 5 minutes and neonatal trauma in all singleton term breech cases delivered vaginally. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bolan Medical ...
Nkansah Michael K - - 2008
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) has been shown to be neuroprotective in the central nervous system (CNS). However, systemic administration and bolus injections have shown significant side effects and limited efficacy. Sustained, local delivery may lead to effective neuroprotection and avoid or limit adverse side effects, but sustained CNTF delivery has ...
Sheikh Lumaan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how the implementation of universally acceptable standards affects rates for primary caesarean sections, without compromising maternal or foetal safety. METHODS: A complete audit cycle of all the primary caesarean sections performed in the maternity unit of Aga Khan University was conducted from 1st January to 31st March ...
O'Donoghue K - - 2008
Several studies have reported time of birth is associated with differences in obstetric practice. We investigated the relationship between timing of birth and obstetric and neonatal outcomes, to help plan working patterns under European Working Time Directive (EWTD) legislation. This was a retrospective observational study undertaken in a tertiary-level university ...
Baskett Thomas F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the maternal and perinatal outcomes associated with delivery by the rigid plastic OmniCup vacuum delivery device. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of 1000 consecutive vacuum-assisted deliveries using the OmniCup vacuum device in singleton pregnancies. The relationship of the cup application to the flexion point was ...
Thapa K - - 2008
A retrospective study of 68 eclamptic women who received Magnesium sulphate at Koshi Zonal Hospital were analyzed during a one year period (2006-2007 AD). Maternal conditions at admission, associated complications in mothers and babies, delivery outcomes and cause of death were also studied in each case. There were 5240 deliveries ...
Juliano Rudy - - 2008
The potential use of antisense and siRNA oligonucleotides as therapeutic agents has elicited a great deal of interest. However, a major issue for oligonucleotide-based therapeutics involves effective intracellular delivery of the active molecules. In this Survey and Summary, we review recent reports on delivery strategies, including conjugates of oligonucleotides with ...
Kok Marjolein - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess patients' preferences and trade-offs for mode of delivery in case of breech presentation at term. METHODS: Eighty women (40 with a foetus in breech presentation and 40 with a foetus in cephalic presentation) with a gestational age from 36 weeks onwards were offered scenarios of vaginal and ...
Ismail Nor Azlin M - - 2008
AIM: To compare the success, clinical outcomes, and maternal and neonatal complications between the Kiwi Omnicup and the Malmstrom metal cup in vacuum assisted delivery. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized comparative trial. Women who required vacuum assisted vaginal delivery were randomized into the Kiwi Omnicup (KO) group and the ...
Mancuso A - - 2008
We aimed to evaluate regional differences in women's motivations and in obstetricians' attitudes re 'caesarean section on request' between obstetricians practicing in Southern and Northern Italy. An anonymous questionnaire was sent to 70 randomly selected specialists practicing in the Veneto region and Sicily. Demographic characteristics, percentage of caesarean section, increase ...
Hirsch Emmet - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess the impact of a focused intervention on reducing high-order (third and fourth degree) perineal lacerations during operative vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: The following recommendations for clinical management were promulgated by departmental lectures, distribution of pertinent articles and manuals, training of physicians, and prominent ...
Fenger-Gron Jesper - - 2008
A case of perinatally acquired spinal cord injury (SCI) is presented. The foetus was vigorous until birth, the breech presented and delivery was performed by a non-traumatic Caesarean section. The infant displayed symptoms of severe SCI but diagnosis was delayed due to severe co-morbidity. Diagnostic considerations are briefly reviewed. Ventilatory ...
Dinas Konstantinos - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Over the past 25 years, there has been a sustained increase in caesarean section (CS) rates around the world. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the current CS rates and particularly the trends of CS indications in Greece. AIM: To assess the overall CS rates and indications ...
Adaji, S E; ;
Birth trauma remains a source of worry to patients and birth attendants but information remains scarce about its range and extent as well as evidence based preventive techniques. To determine the prevalence/pattern of lower genital tract lacerations during spontaneous vaginal deliveries and determine the influence of age, parity and fetal ...
Tan P C - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Caesarean delivery rates are still increasing, and reliable predictors of adverse outcomes at a subsequent trial of scar are important as they guide decision-making on the best mode of delivery. We aimed to evaluate whether there are any predictors for caesarean delivery and neonatal admission, following trial of labour ...
Zayed F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Malpresentation is a deviation from the normal presentation, which occurs in approximately 5% of labours (Seeds and Cefalo in Clin Obstet Gynaecol 25:145-156, 1982). The commonest form of malpresentation at delivery is breech presentation followed by face and brow presentation. OBJECTIVES: To review the incidence and management of face ...
Mahran M A - - 2008
In this study, we aimed to distinguish true shoulder dystocia from mere difficulty with delivery of the shoulder, by investigating the risk factors that lead to shoulder dystocia. Shoulder dystocia is a bony problem which occurs when either the anterior or, less commonly, the posterior fetal shoulder impacts on the ...
Wai Clifford Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of prolonged vaginal distention and anal sphincter transection on contractile properties of the external anal sphincter. METHODS: Young female virgin rats were randomly assigned to four treatment groups (sham, vaginal distention, transection of anal sphincter plus repair, or combined distention and transection plus repair). After ...
Berglund S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe possible causes of delivery-related severe asphyxia due to malpractice. DESIGN AND SETTING: A nationwide descriptive study in Sweden. POPULATION: All women asking for financial compensation because of suspected medical malpractice in connection with childbirth during 1990-2005. METHOD: We included infants with a gestational age of >or=33 completed ...
Epstein Lee B - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine if vaginal stiffness index, an in vivo vaginal biomechanical property, is correlated with pelvic floor disorder symptom distress, impact on quality of life, or sexual function as measured by disease-specific quality-of-life scales. Forty-eight women completed validated quality-of-life scales (pelvic floor distress inventory-short ...
Chen Liang - - 2008
The incidence of obstetric brachial plexus palsy is not declining. Heavy birth weight of the infant and breech delivery are considered two important risk factors and Caesarean section delivery seems to be a protective factor. There are two clinical appearances, that is, paralysis of the upper roots and that of ...
Bregar Andreja Trojner - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: We wished to evaluate the changes in the indications and rates of caesarean delivery over the past 50 years (1955-2005) at the Ljubljana Maternity Hospital, the largest maternity hospital in Slovenia and a tertiary center. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data obtained from delivery records, archived at the Department of ...
Ebulue Vincent - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Cesarean section has largely replaced the role of difficult midcavity instrumental deliveries. The aim of this study was to determine the trend in trials of instrumental delivery as well as the maternal and fetal factors associated with successful and failed trial of instrumental deliveries. SETTING: North Middlesex University Hospital, ...
Wikström Anna-Karin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is associated with altered plasma concentrations of the pro- and anti-angiogenic factors placental growth factor (PlGF), vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1). However, there is insufficient knowledge about how these concentrations change after delivery, and whether the changes differ between early-onset and ...
van Bogaert L-J - - 2008
The aim was to evaluate the effect of caesarean delivery on the neonatal outcome after labour with fetal distress and/or meconium staining (MS). We audited 199 caesarean sections performed for non-reassuring fetal condition (NRFC) and/or MS in a rural regional hospital. The 1 and 5 min Apgar scores were compared ...
Ekéus Cecilia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and risk factors for anal sphincter tears (ASTs) at delivery. METHODS: A national population-based study was conducted with data from the Medical Birth Register including all primiparas with singleton pregnancy, who gave birth vaginally in Sweden from 1994 to ...
Calisti Alessandro - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: It was the aim of this study to determine if prenatal diagnosis of congenital duodenal obstruction (CDO) selects high-risk pregnancies and demands special perinatal attention. METHODS: Medical records of 62 neonates with intrinsic CDO, admitted since 1981 in 2 institutions, were reviewed and divided into 2 groups: 39 cases, ...
Kor-Anantakul O - - 2008
A hospital-based, prospective cohort study was conducted at the tertiary care university hospital in southern Thailand, between 1 November 2001 and 31 December 2003. The purpose of this study was to compare the various complications found in vaginal and caesarean deliveries based on the original elected intended mode of delivery. ...
van Eygen Luk - - 2008
We undertook this retrospective cross-sectional study in order to establish the outcome of 510 singleton breech presentations at term in seven district hospitals in rural Matabeleland-North Province, Zimbabwe. We also studied the mortality for 1093 caesarean sections (CS), in order to decide if CS should be the preferred option for ...
Prager Martina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: During the last years, the incidence of obstetric anal sphincter rupture (OASR) has increased markedly in Sweden, and significantly less frequently in Italy. Our objective was to explore if different delivery management may explain the variation in OASR incidences. METHODS: In a retrospective study, data from 2,000 primiparous women ...
Omu A E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of the use of MgSO4 therapy in women with severe pre-eclampsia in Kuwait from January 2002 to December 2004. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study involved 450 women managed at the Maternity Hospital in Kuwait with a blood pressure of 160/110 mm Hg and proteinuria of ...
Olsen Ingrid P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Current ultrasound assessment of the anal sphincter is based on measurements during rest. However, active constriction plays a role in maintaining continence. Here we assess female anal dimensions during rest and squeeze. METHODS: Thirty women were recruited for a cross-sectional endoanal ultrasound study after written consent according to an ...
Yang Jin - - 2008
Caesarean section before labor or before ruptured membranes ("elective caesarean section", or ECS) has been introduced as an intervention for preventing mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Currently, no evidence that ECS versus vaginal delivery reduces the rate of MTCT of HBV has been generally provided. The aim ...
Majoko Franz - - 2008
The majority of women have spontaneous vaginal births, but some women need assistance in the second stage with delivery of the baby, using either the obstetric forceps or vacuum extraction. Rates of instrumental vaginal delivery range from 5% to 20% of all births in industrialised countries. The majority of instrumental ...
Hansen Anne Kirkeby AK Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Aarhus University Hospital, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, Skejby, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. - - 2008
To investigate the association between elective caesarean sections and neonatal respiratory morbidity and the importance of timing of elective caesarean sections. Cohort study with prospectively collected data from the Aarhus birth cohort, Denmark. Obstetric department and neonatal department of a university hospital in Denmark. All liveborn babies without malformations, with ...
Mitsou Evdokia K - - 2008
This study aimed to explore, in our geographical region, the development of intestinal microflora and the colonization patterns of lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria during the first three months of life and to investigate the effect of the mode of delivery. Fecal specimens from 82 healthy, full-term infants were collected ...
Kicklighter S D - - 2007
Use of the vacuum for operative vaginal deliveries has become more favorable with fewer obstetricians and family practitioners trained in the use of forceps. When compared with forcep-assisted deliveries, the vacuum has been associated with a higher incidence of subgaleal hemorrhage (SGH), cephalhematomas, skull and clavicular fractures, Erb's Palsy, intracranial ...
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