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Piumelli Raffaele - - 2012
We evaluated the compliance of families using telemonitoring and families using conventional home monitoring in infants at risk of apnoea, bradycardia and hypoxaemia. Families who used the telemedicine system could perform the remote data transmission from their home. Families who used the conventional system had to come to the regional ...
Poehlmann Julie - - 2012
Although children born preterm or low birth weight (PT LBW) are more likely to exhibit behavior problems compared to children born at term, developmental and family processes associated with these problems are unclear. We examined trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms in relation to toddler compliance and behavior problems in families ...
Parade Stephanie H - - 2012
We call for a genetically informed approach in the examination of infant social and emotional development in family context. We recommend that scholars conceptualize family functioning as occurring on three unique levels: the parent-child dyad, the inter-parental dyad, and whole family functioning. Although advances in the area of understanding genetic ...
Willführ Kai P KP Max-Planck-Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany. - - 2012
We measure the concentration of infant deaths in families in the historical populations of Krummhörn, Germany and Québec, Canada in order to investigate whether mothers in recomposed families differ regarding their maternal quality. In particular, we are interested in whether stepmothers in Krummhörn are responsible for a diminution in the ...
Brand Serge - - 2011
Background/Aim: Infantile colic (IC) is considered to represent the upper end of the spectrum of early developmental crying behavior. Little is known about hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis activity and sleep in relation to infants' crying. The aim of the present study was to assess cortisol secretion in infants in relation to their ...
Cheng A - - 2011
Acute gastroenteritis is one of the most common causes of emergency room visits. Although it is usually a self-limited infection, vomiting related to this illness can cause various degrees of dehydration, leading to intravenous insertion, electrolyte abnormalities and/or hospital admission. Ondansetron is a highly potent antiemetic drug that is effective ...
Lindgren Helena - - 2011
To gain an understanding of fathers' experiences of a planned home birth. In-depth interviews were conducted with eight Swedish fathers who had the experience of a total of 23 births, of which 17 were planned home births. The fathers were recruited by the midwives who had assisted with the planned ...
Ashton Diane M - - 2010
The prevalence and impact of elective deliveries occurring prior to 39 weeks' gestation has been the focus of several important studies published in recent medical literature. Defined as scheduled deliveries in the absence of medical or obstetrical indications, concern has been raised that many of these procedures are not performed ...
Sekulić Slobodan R - - 2010
Existing data related to the probability of breech presentation suggest that the breech presentation is a consequence of mere filling of the intrauterine space, with the same probability of breech and cephalic presentation. As a consequence, group of cephalic presenting fetuses is heterogeneous. Some fetuses randomly assume the cephalic presentation ...
Bourgeois-Nicolaos Nadège - - 2010
We studied 1139 mother-infant pairs where the mother had had at least one vaginal swab in the month before delivery and their babies had had gastric and ear swabs taken immediately after delivery. The prevalence of vaginal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus was 5.9% among 1139 pregnant women within 1 month ...
Matijasevich A A Rua Marechal Deodoro, 1160-3rd floor, CEP 96020-220, Pelotas, RS, Brazil. - - 2012
Socioeconomic inequalities in health outcomes are dynamic and vary over time. Differences between countries can provide useful insights into the causes of health inequalities. The study aims to compare the associations between two measures of socioeconomic position (SEP)-maternal education and family income-and maternal and infant health outcomes between ALSPAC and ...
Reigstad I - - 2010
Abstract Reigstad, I, Reigstad, H, Kiserud, T, Berstad, T. Gastroschisis in western Norway. Aims: To evaluate the effect of elective caesarean section before term and early enteral nutrition on length of parenteral nutrition and hospital stay in infants with gastroschisis Methods: Retrospective review of all infants with gastroschisis treated in ...
Choudhury A M - - 2010
Pneumonia is an important cause of neonatal infection and accounts for significant morbidity and mortality in the neonatal period. The best way to reduce the high prevalence of pneumonia at this age group is through identification and elimination of its risk factors. This case-control study was conducted in the department ...
Akin Yasemin - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, perinatal complications and the outcome of macrosomic infants. A retrospective analysis was made of macrosomic deliveries and of those admitted into the Neonatology Unit. A control group of 854 deliveries weighing between 2500-4000 g was randomly composed. The incidence of ...
de Almeida Maria Fernanda Branco - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the need for positive pressure ventilation (PPV) by bag and mask and by bag and endotracheal tube in newly born term infants with vertex presentation delivered by non-urgent caesarean section under regional anaesthesia or non-instrumental vaginal delivery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: 35 public hospitals in 20 Brazilian ...
Dominguez-Bello Maria G - - 2010
Upon delivery, the neonate is exposed for the first time to a wide array of microbes from a variety of sources, including maternal bacteria. Although prior studies have suggested that delivery mode shapes the microbiota's establishment and, subsequently, its role in child health, most researchers have focused on specific bacterial ...
Baldassarre Mariella - - 2010
Preterm infants may pass meconium only after the first 48 hours of life, even in absence of any gastrointestinal disease. The role of various factors in determining the time of meconium elimination has been recently assessed. Gestational age and start of feeding had been demonstrated to influence first meconium timing. ...
McGrath Pam - - 2010
The purpose of this paper is to explore, from the mothers' perspective, the decision-making experience with regard to subsequent birth choice for women who had previously delivered by Caesarean section. A qualitative methodological approach was taken to the exploration of mothers' knowledge of the risks of vaginal birth after Caesarean ...
Rivera Angel J - - 2010
The bacterial population of the primate vaginal canal is an infant primate's first exposure to the microbial population inhabiting the outside world. Yet, little is known about this population and the effect it might have on the development and survival of the infant primate. As a first step toward characterizing ...
Liu Anthony J W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) occurs in more than 50% of infants exposed to intrauterine opiates. Maternal opiate dosing has been investigated with conflicting results. AIMS: The aims of this study were to correlate maternal methadone dose and other risk factors with the development of NAS requiring pharmacological treatment by ...
Dukic L - - 2010
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a rare condition with a poor prognosis. We report on a 30-year-old primagravid woman in the 34th) week of gestation who was admitted to our hospital. ARPKD of the foetus had been sonographically suspected since the 26th week of gestation. Ultrasound examination showed ...
Carlsson Wallin M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the indication for a previous caesarean section on the outcome of a subsequent delivery. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: Women with two deliveries between 1987 and 2007 identified using the Swedish Medical Birth Registry. METHODS: The outcome of 69 133 pregnancies after ...
Loudon J A Z - - 2010
This study was a systematic anonymous audit of routinely collected data in a tertiary referral obstetric unit in London and included data from deliveries over a 10-year period (1992-2001). Data for all caesarean sections at full dilatation were collected, including maternal demographic information, the grade of operating clinician, and the ...
Alkan S - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the effect of anaesthetic agents on transcutaneous bilirubin levels during the first 24 h in neonates delivered by caesarean section. METHODS: A total of 168 neonates delivered by caesarean section, during which sevoflurane was used for general anaesthesia (group A), bupivacaine for spinal anaesthesia (group B), levobupivacaine ...
Al Tawil Khalil - - 2010
We sought to report an updated incidence, risk factors, and outcome of traumatic facial palsy (TFP) in newborn infants born at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We performed a 12-year retrospective study at KAMC. The records of infants with the diagnosis of TFP during the study period ...
Tzur Tamar - - 2011
Timing of elective repeat caesarean section should take into account both fetal and maternal considerations. The percentage of caesarean deliveries has dramatically increased during the last decades. It undoubtedly leads to an increase in the number of women having multiple caesarean sections. While maternal morbidity increases with increased number of ...
Ghi Tullio - - 2010
To determine if the mode of delivery in preterm gestations is associated with changes in maternal and neonatal outcome. A retrospective cohort study that included all singleton deliveries occurring after spontaneous onset of labour between 25+0 and 32+6 weeks of gestation. Cases of early preterm delivery were identified from clinical ...
Johansson M - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate prospective fathers' preferences for caesarean section and associated factors. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire given in mid-pregnancy to 1105 fathers-to-be in northern Sweden. In total, 6.4% of fathers preferred a caesarean section. The factors associated with a preference for ...
Biasucci Giacomo - - 2010
The first colonisation of the intestine is one of the most profound immunological exposures faced by the newborn and it is influenced by external and internal factors. The early composition of human microbiota could have long-lasting metabolic effects and the initial composition of human intestinal bacteria is also known to ...
Zeitlin Jennifer J INSERM, UMR S953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal and Women's and Infant's Health, Paris, France. - - 2010
Given the continuing debate about the benefits of caesarean section for very preterm infants, we sought to describe caesarean section rates for infants between 28 and 31 weeks of gestation in European regions and their association with regional mortality and short-term morbidity. Singletons and twins without lethal congenital anomalies alive ...
Huissoud Cyril - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine the interval between decision and delivery (DDI) for urgent and very urgent caesarean deliveries within a perinatal network, to compare the results according to maternity ward level and organisation, and to assess the impact of DDI on neonatal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study in the 31 ...
Alshaheen H - - 2010
This study aimed to assess the perinatal morbidity and mortality in breech deliveries, to study the correlation of parity and birth weight with perinatal mortality by mode of delivery. Of 210 women in labour in Basra maternity and child hospital, 97 underwent vaginal breech deliveries and 113 delivered by caesarean ...
Tahseen S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Trial of vaginal birth after Caesarean (VBAC) is considered acceptable after one caesarean section (CS), however, women wishing to have trial after two CS are generally not allowed or counselled appropriately of efficacy and complications. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of literature on success rate of vaginal birth ...
Maouris P - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of a multi-professional outreach obstetric training programme on perinatal and neonatal outcomes. This was a retrospective comparison of 5-min low Apgar scores, stillbirth, perinatal death and moderate/severe hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy rates in 127,753 infants born in Western Australia before and ...
Zinchuk A - - 2010
An 8-month-old boy was diagnosed with visceral leishmaniasis in the Ukraine, a non-endemic area. His mother had been treated for visceral leishmaniasis at 28-32 weeks gestation whilst working in Alicante, Spain and delivered her infant at 38 weeks gestation by elective caesarean section in Ukraine. It is presumed that the ...
James A H - - 2010
While a majority of affected infants of haemophilia carriers who deliver vaginally do not suffer a head bleed, the outcome of labour cannot be predicted. A planned vaginal delivery puts a woman at risk of an abnormal labour and operative vaginal delivery, both of which predispose to intracranial haemorrhage. Furthermore, ...
Sonkusare S - - 2009
To evaluate the perinatal outcome of premature babies according to the mode of delivery. A total of 113 pregnant women and 124 neonates who delivered from 30 to 35 weeks of gestation were enrolled and outcomes of 70 neonates born vaginally were compared to 54 neonates born by caesarean. Neonatal ...
Ljung R - - 2010
The optimal mode of delivery of a haemophilia carrier expecting a child is still a matter of uncertainty and debate. The aim of this commentary/review is to suggest that normal vaginal delivery should be the recommended mode of delivery for the majority of carriers, based on review of studies on ...
Kotaska Andrew - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To review the physiology of breech birth; to discern the risks and benefits of a trial of labour versus planned Caesarean section; and to recommend to obstetricians, family physicians, midwives, obstetrical nurses, anaesthesiologists, pediatricians, and other health care providers selection criteria, intrapartum management parameters, and delivery techniques for a ...
Chhabra S - - 2009
Caesarean section is one of the commonest major surgical procedures in public and private hospitals. The worldwide rise in the caesarean section rate during the last 50 years is cause for alarm and a matter of concern. This increase deserves international attention not only because of health consequences, resource administration ...
Sullivan Elizabeth Anne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the method of birth of term breech singletons in Australia. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective population-based study of women who gave birth to term breech singletons in Australia between 1 January 1991 and 31 December 2005 using data from the National Perinatal Data Collection. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Herishanu-Gilutz Shirley - - 2009
This qualitative research focused on the significance of subjective experience of mothers who gave birth in an emergency Caesarean section. Ten first-time mothers experiencing emergency Caesarean section were interviewed, and their narrative accounts were analyzed using Giorgi's phenomenological method. Mothers described alienation from the infant on encountering her/him; primal difficulties ...
Homer Caroline S E - - 2011
to describe the outcomes related to birth after a caesarean section (CS) in one Australian state, New South Wales (NSW), over a nine-year period. The objectives were to determine whether changes had occurred in the rates of attempted and successful vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC), induction of labour, place ...
McGrath Pam - - 2009
This article presents the findings of qualitative research which explored, from the mothers' perspective, the process of decision-making about mode of delivery for a subsequent birth after a previous Caesarean Section. In contradiction to the clinical literature, the majority of mothers in this study were strongly of the opinion that ...
Oladapo Olufemi T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The potential harm to a mother and baby from caesarean delivery for clinically diagnosed foetal distress may not always be justified by the degree of neonatal depression at birth. OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of clinical diagnosis of foetal distress indicating caesarean section and identify antepartum and intrapartum characteristics ...
McGrath Pam - - 2009
As the rate of primary and repeat Caesareans around the world increases, obstetricians, midwives and primary care providers are being expected to provide counsel to women seeking information regarding birth choices for delivery after a prior emergency Caesarean. This article seeks to contribute to the knowledge on this topic by ...
Kulkarni R - - 2009
Lack of detailed natural history and outcomes data for neonates and toddlers with haemophilia hampers the provision of optimal management of the disorder. We report an analysis of prospective data collected from 580 neonates and toddlers aged 0-2 years with haemophilia enrolled in the Universal Data Collection (UDC) surveillance project ...
Schlinzig T - - 2009
AIM: Delivery by C-section (CS) has been associated with increased risk for allergy, diabetes and leukaemia. Whereas the underlying cause is unknown, epigenetic change of the genome has been suggested as a candidate molecular mechanism for perinatal contributions to later disease risk. We hypothesized that mode of delivery affects epigenetic ...
Silva L C G - - 2009
This study aimed to standardize signs and diagnostic criteria of respiratory function in newborn puppies delivered normally or after dystocia and caesarean operation. A total of 48 neonates were allocated into groups: eutocia (n = 20), dystocia (n = 8), caesarean (c)-section (n = 20). Neonatal health was assessed using ...
Mikami Katsunaka - - 2009
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of maternal intestinal and vaginal bifidobacteria on the establishment of bifidobacteria colonizing the gut in infants. Fecal samples from 110 healthy pregnant mothers within 1 mo before delivery and their babies at 1 mo of age and 100 vaginal swabs ...
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