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Loudon J A Z - - 2010
This study was a systematic anonymous audit of routinely collected data in a tertiary referral obstetric unit in London and included data from deliveries over a 10-year period (1992-2001). Data for all caesarean sections at full dilatation were collected, including maternal demographic information, the grade of operating clinician, and the ...
Alkan S - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the effect of anaesthetic agents on transcutaneous bilirubin levels during the first 24 h in neonates delivered by caesarean section. METHODS: A total of 168 neonates delivered by caesarean section, during which sevoflurane was used for general anaesthesia (group A), bupivacaine for spinal anaesthesia (group B), levobupivacaine ...
Al Tawil Khalil - - 2010
We sought to report an updated incidence, risk factors, and outcome of traumatic facial palsy (TFP) in newborn infants born at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We performed a 12-year retrospective study at KAMC. The records of infants with the diagnosis of TFP during the study period ...
Tzur Tamar - - 2011
Timing of elective repeat caesarean section should take into account both fetal and maternal considerations. The percentage of caesarean deliveries has dramatically increased during the last decades. It undoubtedly leads to an increase in the number of women having multiple caesarean sections. While maternal morbidity increases with increased number of ...
Ghi Tullio - - 2010
To determine if the mode of delivery in preterm gestations is associated with changes in maternal and neonatal outcome. A retrospective cohort study that included all singleton deliveries occurring after spontaneous onset of labour between 25+0 and 32+6 weeks of gestation. Cases of early preterm delivery were identified from clinical ...
Johansson M - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate prospective fathers' preferences for caesarean section and associated factors. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire given in mid-pregnancy to 1105 fathers-to-be in northern Sweden. In total, 6.4% of fathers preferred a caesarean section. The factors associated with a preference for ...
Biasucci Giacomo - - 2010
The first colonisation of the intestine is one of the most profound immunological exposures faced by the newborn and it is influenced by external and internal factors. The early composition of human microbiota could have long-lasting metabolic effects and the initial composition of human intestinal bacteria is also known to ...
Zeitlin Jennifer J INSERM, UMR S953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal and Women's and Infant's Health, Paris, France. - - 2010
Given the continuing debate about the benefits of caesarean section for very preterm infants, we sought to describe caesarean section rates for infants between 28 and 31 weeks of gestation in European regions and their association with regional mortality and short-term morbidity. Singletons and twins without lethal congenital anomalies alive ...
Huissoud Cyril - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine the interval between decision and delivery (DDI) for urgent and very urgent caesarean deliveries within a perinatal network, to compare the results according to maternity ward level and organisation, and to assess the impact of DDI on neonatal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study in the 31 ...
Alshaheen H - - 2010
This study aimed to assess the perinatal morbidity and mortality in breech deliveries, to study the correlation of parity and birth weight with perinatal mortality by mode of delivery. Of 210 women in labour in Basra maternity and child hospital, 97 underwent vaginal breech deliveries and 113 delivered by caesarean ...
Tahseen S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Trial of vaginal birth after Caesarean (VBAC) is considered acceptable after one caesarean section (CS), however, women wishing to have trial after two CS are generally not allowed or counselled appropriately of efficacy and complications. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of literature on success rate of vaginal birth ...
Maouris P - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of a multi-professional outreach obstetric training programme on perinatal and neonatal outcomes. This was a retrospective comparison of 5-min low Apgar scores, stillbirth, perinatal death and moderate/severe hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy rates in 127,753 infants born in Western Australia before and ...
Zinchuk A - - 2010
An 8-month-old boy was diagnosed with visceral leishmaniasis in the Ukraine, a non-endemic area. His mother had been treated for visceral leishmaniasis at 28-32 weeks gestation whilst working in Alicante, Spain and delivered her infant at 38 weeks gestation by elective caesarean section in Ukraine. It is presumed that the ...
James A H - - 2010
While a majority of affected infants of haemophilia carriers who deliver vaginally do not suffer a head bleed, the outcome of labour cannot be predicted. A planned vaginal delivery puts a woman at risk of an abnormal labour and operative vaginal delivery, both of which predispose to intracranial haemorrhage. Furthermore, ...
Sonkusare S - - 2009
To evaluate the perinatal outcome of premature babies according to the mode of delivery. A total of 113 pregnant women and 124 neonates who delivered from 30 to 35 weeks of gestation were enrolled and outcomes of 70 neonates born vaginally were compared to 54 neonates born by caesarean. Neonatal ...
Ljung R - - 2010
The optimal mode of delivery of a haemophilia carrier expecting a child is still a matter of uncertainty and debate. The aim of this commentary/review is to suggest that normal vaginal delivery should be the recommended mode of delivery for the majority of carriers, based on review of studies on ...
Kotaska Andrew - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To review the physiology of breech birth; to discern the risks and benefits of a trial of labour versus planned Caesarean section; and to recommend to obstetricians, family physicians, midwives, obstetrical nurses, anaesthesiologists, pediatricians, and other health care providers selection criteria, intrapartum management parameters, and delivery techniques for a ...
Chhabra S - - 2009
Caesarean section is one of the commonest major surgical procedures in public and private hospitals. The worldwide rise in the caesarean section rate during the last 50 years is cause for alarm and a matter of concern. This increase deserves international attention not only because of health consequences, resource administration ...
Sullivan Elizabeth Anne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the method of birth of term breech singletons in Australia. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective population-based study of women who gave birth to term breech singletons in Australia between 1 January 1991 and 31 December 2005 using data from the National Perinatal Data Collection. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Herishanu-Gilutz Shirley - - 2009
This qualitative research focused on the significance of subjective experience of mothers who gave birth in an emergency Caesarean section. Ten first-time mothers experiencing emergency Caesarean section were interviewed, and their narrative accounts were analyzed using Giorgi's phenomenological method. Mothers described alienation from the infant on encountering her/him; primal difficulties ...
Homer Caroline S E - - 2011
to describe the outcomes related to birth after a caesarean section (CS) in one Australian state, New South Wales (NSW), over a nine-year period. The objectives were to determine whether changes had occurred in the rates of attempted and successful vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC), induction of labour, place ...
McGrath Pam - - 2009
This article presents the findings of qualitative research which explored, from the mothers' perspective, the process of decision-making about mode of delivery for a subsequent birth after a previous Caesarean Section. In contradiction to the clinical literature, the majority of mothers in this study were strongly of the opinion that ...
Oladapo Olufemi T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The potential harm to a mother and baby from caesarean delivery for clinically diagnosed foetal distress may not always be justified by the degree of neonatal depression at birth. OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of clinical diagnosis of foetal distress indicating caesarean section and identify antepartum and intrapartum characteristics ...
McGrath Pam - - 2009
As the rate of primary and repeat Caesareans around the world increases, obstetricians, midwives and primary care providers are being expected to provide counsel to women seeking information regarding birth choices for delivery after a prior emergency Caesarean. This article seeks to contribute to the knowledge on this topic by ...
Kulkarni R - - 2009
Lack of detailed natural history and outcomes data for neonates and toddlers with haemophilia hampers the provision of optimal management of the disorder. We report an analysis of prospective data collected from 580 neonates and toddlers aged 0-2 years with haemophilia enrolled in the Universal Data Collection (UDC) surveillance project ...
Schlinzig T - - 2009
AIM: Delivery by C-section (CS) has been associated with increased risk for allergy, diabetes and leukaemia. Whereas the underlying cause is unknown, epigenetic change of the genome has been suggested as a candidate molecular mechanism for perinatal contributions to later disease risk. We hypothesized that mode of delivery affects epigenetic ...
Silva L C G - - 2009
This study aimed to standardize signs and diagnostic criteria of respiratory function in newborn puppies delivered normally or after dystocia and caesarean operation. A total of 48 neonates were allocated into groups: eutocia (n = 20), dystocia (n = 8), caesarean (c)-section (n = 20). Neonatal health was assessed using ...
Mikami Katsunaka - - 2009
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of maternal intestinal and vaginal bifidobacteria on the establishment of bifidobacteria colonizing the gut in infants. Fecal samples from 110 healthy pregnant mothers within 1 mo before delivery and their babies at 1 mo of age and 100 vaginal swabs ...
Raka S - - 2009
A 45-day-old infant presented with hepatosplenomegaly and fever since 15 days. Hemogram revealed bicytopenia and bone marrow aspirate showed hemophagocytosis. With the history of death of two siblings, the baby was diagnosed with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), likely to be of familial origin.
Roberts Christine L - - 2009
Administrative or population health data sets (PHDS), such as birth and hospital discharge data, are used increasingly to evaluate maternity care. Use of PHDS requires reliable identification of diagnoses and procedures. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and reliability of the reporting of diagnoses and procedures ...
Sze Eddie H M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relation between vaginal birth and pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POPQ) stages III and IV prolapse and whether each additional vaginal birth is associated with an increase in pelvic support defects. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Gynecology clinic in a University Hospital. POPULATION: Four hundred and fifty-eight ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2009
Emerging evidence from a recent pilot universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) programme suggests that the burden of obstetric complications associated with mode of delivery is not limited to maternal and perinatal mortality but may also include outcomes that undermine optimal early childhood development of the surviving newborns. However, the potential ...
Sword Wendy - - 2009
The caesarean section rate continues to rise globally. A caesarean section is inarguably the preferred method of delivery when there is good evidence that a vaginal delivery may unduly risk the health of a woman or her infant. Any decisions about delivery method in the absence of clear medical indication ...
Laopaiboon Malinee - - 2009
Evidence on the benefits of music during caesarean section under regional anaesthesia to improve clinical and psychological outcomes for mothers and infants has not been established. To evaluate the effectiveness of music during caesarean section under regional anaesthesia for improving clinical and psychological outcomes for mothers and infants. We searched ...
Guittier Marie-Julia - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Moxibustion, a Traditional Chinese Medicine technique related to acupuncture, was proposed to facilitate cephalic version of breech presentation. Several trials were conducted to evaluate the efficacy, but there are few reports on the safety of moxibustion. Our objective was to assess the side-effects and acceptability of this intervention. DESIGN: ...
Stein W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The population-based Caesarean rate in sub-Saharan Africa is very low. The lack of necessary Caesarean sections is an important cause of the high maternal mortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa. The Nyakahanga District Hospital in Western Tanzania showed a persistent and massive increase in the Caesarean rate which was ...
Salas A A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Normal reference values for pulse oximetry saturation (POS) have been established for healthy term newborns at sea level; however, normal values for POS have not been clearly defined for infants born at high altitudes. OBJECTIVE: To determine reference values of POS during the 1st day of life in a ...
Sekulić Slobodan - - 2009
AIM: To investigate differences between the infants born in occipital and breech presentation relative to the passive and active motility. METHOD: A prospective study was conducted in the period from 2006 to 2007 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Novi Sad. Subjects were 50 breech-presenting and 87 occipital-presenting ...
Mahony R - - 2008
Perineal outcome in 1000 consecutive term non instrumental second vaginal deliveries was correlated with first delivery method and perineal outcome. Our aim was to determine the relationship between perineal outcome at first and second vaginal deliveries. Overall 75% of first non instrumental vaginal deliveries required sutures. Sutures were required at ...
Pasupathy Dharmintra D Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, - - 2009
To determine the factors associated with the risk of delivery-related perinatal and neonatal death among term infants presenting by the breech and the effect of changes in the mode of delivery on the overall rates of perinatal and neonatal mortality associated with breech presentation. We studied 32,776 singleton term infants ...
Takaya Akane - - 2008
In this case-control study, we examined infants delivered vaginally at 37 weeks or later to identify factors associated with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). We reviewed the obstetric records of all vaginal deliveries at the Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity Hospital from 2005 through 2007. Demographic information and the ...
Kho Ee Min - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are various prostaglandin preparations available for inducing labour. Controlled-release dinoprostone vaginal pessary is used in a number of centres in Australia and New Zealand. AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of controlled-release dinoprostone vaginal pessary (Cervidil) with dinoprostone intravaginal gel (Prostin E2) for induction of labour. METHODS: ...
Swende T Z - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Caesarean delivery is an important aspect of emergency obstetric care and a major tool in the reduction of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality This study was done to determine the caesarean section rate, ascertain the trend of emergency caesarean section, indications for emergency caesarean section and emergency caesarean ...
Fareeduddin Rizwana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Subgaleal hemorrhage (SGH) is a rare but possibly fatal condition in the neonate. Vacuum extractors are effective options for operative vaginal delivery. However, their use can increase the risk of intracranial hemorrhage in the neonate. CASE: A male infant delivered by cesarean section with assistance of a vacuum extractor ...
Rubio Amandine S - - 2009
Postural deformities are frequent in neonates. The moulded baby syndrome (MBS) comprises one or more of the following disorders: plagiocephaly, torticollis, congenital scoliosis, pelvic obliquity, adduction contracture of a hip and/or malpositions of the knees or feet. We analysed the incidence of MBS in healthy neonates and identified the risk ...
Bergqvist L L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study whether the mode of delivery alters pain expression. STUDY DESIGN: Full-term infants born by vaginal delivery or elective caesarean section were observed following high- and low-intensity pain stimuli, with recording of electrocardiogram, facial expression and vocalization. RESULT: Graded physiological and behavioral responses occurred, with greater responses to ...
Jadoon Samina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the maternal and neonatal complications in terms of genital tract trauma to mother, perinatal mortality, Apgar score at 5 minutes and neonatal trauma in all singleton term breech cases delivered vaginally. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bolan Medical ...
Nkansah Michael K - - 2008
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) has been shown to be neuroprotective in the central nervous system (CNS). However, systemic administration and bolus injections have shown significant side effects and limited efficacy. Sustained, local delivery may lead to effective neuroprotection and avoid or limit adverse side effects, but sustained CNTF delivery has ...
Sheikh Lumaan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how the implementation of universally acceptable standards affects rates for primary caesarean sections, without compromising maternal or foetal safety. METHODS: A complete audit cycle of all the primary caesarean sections performed in the maternity unit of Aga Khan University was conducted from 1st January to 31st March ...
O'Donoghue K - - 2008
Several studies have reported time of birth is associated with differences in obstetric practice. We investigated the relationship between timing of birth and obstetric and neonatal outcomes, to help plan working patterns under European Working Time Directive (EWTD) legislation. This was a retrospective observational study undertaken in a tertiary-level university ...
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