Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1027
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Waters Cerith S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to examine the link between maternal depression and the infant's HPA axis functioning in relation to a sequence of emotional challenges at 12 months postpartum, while controlling for maternal anxiety disorder and general sociodemographic risk. METHOD: Two hundred and fifty-seven infants whose mothers ...
Lemke Meghan M Departments of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2013
Individuals with atopy have more severe complications of infectious diseases. We hypothesized that the importance of secondhand smoke (SHS) on lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) severity would be greater in infants with a familial atopic predisposition. To determine whether infants with a familial atopic predisposition are more susceptible to adverse ...
Letourneau Nicole - - 2013
In order to offer optimal supports and services for mothers affected by intimate partner violence (IPV), an understanding of these mothers' perceptions of support needs, resources, barriers to support, and preferences for support intervention is warranted. Moreover, the growing recognition of the effects of IPV on maternal-infant relationships and of ...
Szucs Kinga A - - 2013
Jaundice develops in most newborn infants and is one of the most common reasons infants are rehospitalized after birth. American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guidelines strongly support the recommendation that clinicians promote and support breastfeeding. Recognizing that the disruptions associated with phototherapy interfere with breastfeeding, the challenge often faced ...
Alonso-Marsden Shelley - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: As nurse home visiting to prevent child maltreatment grows in popularity with both program administrators and legislators, it is important to understand engagement in such programs in order to improve their community-wide effects. This report examines family demographic and infant health risk factors that predict engagement and follow-through in ...
Curtis W John - - 2013
This study examined the neural correlates of facial affect processing in 15 month-old maltreated and nonmaltreated infants. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were elicited while infants passively viewed standardized pictures of female models posing angry, happy, and neutral facial expressions. Differences between maltreated (N = 25) and nonmaltreated (N = 20) infants ...
Yaish H M - - 2013
The diagnosis of hereditary spherocytosis (HS) in a newborn infant is generally made on the basis of a positive family history, spherocytes on blood film and Coombs-negative hemolytic jaundice of variable severity with an elevated mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and a low mean corpuscular volume (MCV). In general, sodium ...
Y C Beeregowda - - 2013
Acute poisoning of formalin is rare because of its strong irritating effect and alarming odor. Although few cases of acute poisoning in adults have been reported in literature, to our knowledge, this is the first case report of formalin poisoning in an infant presenting with multisystem failure. Despite proper supportive ...
Arnetz Bengt B Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, - - 2013
We studied 1991 Gulf War (GW)-related environmental exposures and adverse birth outcomes in Iraqis. A random cross-sectional sample of 307 Iraqi families that immigrated to the United States responded to a structured interview covering socioeconomics, lifestyle, environmental exposures, and birth outcome. Data per each family was collected either from the ...
Nagase Hiromi - - 2013
Familial congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is extremely rare; it comprises about 2% of all CDH cases. The empirical risk is about 2%, increasing to 10% in a family with two affected children. This report describes severe CDH in two siblings who had been diagnosed prenatally. The female newborn diagnosed with ...
Hutton Eileen K EK Midwifery Education Program at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Midwifery Science at Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The - - 2013
Severing the umbilical cord at birth is likely the oldest intervention, the timing of which remains fraught with controversy. Emerging evidence suggests benefit in delaying cord clamping for both term and preterm infants. The objective of this study was to investigate actual cord clamping time and circumstances at a large ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2013
Although familial occurrence of congenital pyloric atresia (CPA) has been frequently reported in the past, many of these cases were associated with epidermolysis bullosa (EB), and familial isolated CPA was a relatively rare condition. We prenatally diagnosed and successfully treated a sibling of a subject with isolated CPA, who was ...
Simonetti Andrea - - 2013
Cocoon is defined as a strategy to reduce the risk for transmission of pertussis to newborn infants by vaccinating household members including parents and siblings. Programmatic challenges make implementation of cocooning program complex. At the local health care unit "ASL Napoli 1 Centro," a one-year pilot project to evaluate the ...
Stuart B D - - 2013
Objective:To assess health-care utilization and risk of respiratory morbidities in preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and pulmonary hypertension (PH).Study Design:Retrospective data were obtained from subjects (n=109) attending a BPD clinic. Subjects were stratified by the presence or absence of PH before and after 2 months of age. Analytic methods ...
Swinton Cameron H - - 2013
Objectives To describe the trend and factors associated with the autopsy over the past decade at a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) where all patients are presented with an option.Study Design Retrospective study of the autopsy in a cohort of infants who died in the NICU from January 1, 2001, ...
Luoma Ilona - - 2013
Background: Postnatal psychological symptoms have been studied less often in fathers than in mothers. However, recent research shows that fathers' psychopathology may have long-term effects on their children's emotional and behavioural development independently of maternal psychopathology. More research is needed on factors associated with paternal symptoms at the early stage ...
Plouin Perrine - - 2013
Epileptic seizures are more frequent in the neonate than at any other time. The incidence of neonatal seizures (NNS) is estimated to be between 1.5 and 5.5/1000 living births, its onset being during the first week in 80% of cases. Mortality rate remains very high (20-45%). Not all paroxysmal manifestations ...
Elkins Tonya - - 2013
Vanderbilt University Medical Center's Maternal Infant Health Outreach Worker program (MIHOW) is a community-based intervention dedicated to enhancing birth outcomes and healthy child development. Trained neighborhood women provide home and group services to underserved families in rural and inner city communities. This report describes MIHOW's history and work in Tennessee, ...
Egata Gudina - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding in infants aged under six months is a simple and cost-effective feeding method that ensures better infant and child survival and boosts the achievement of child related Millennium Development Goals in the developing world. Identifying factors associated with good breastfeeding practice helps to increase its coverage and maximize ...
Kokkinaki Theano T Department of Psychology, University of Crete, Greece. - - 2013
The aim of this longitudinal and naturalistic study was to compare aspects of imitative exchanges in dyadic grandmother-infant and mother-infant interactions. Sixteen Cretan Greek infants were video-recorded in the course of spontaneous dyadic interactions with maternal grandmothers or with mothers at home from the 2nd to the 10th month of ...
Kadivar Maliheh - - 2013
Fathers of preterm babies in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are under stress. Lack of knowledge about a preterm infant's behavior challenges new fathers who may be required to make decisions about the hospitalized infant, to update concerned family and friends, and to provide support to the mother while ...
Talebian Ahmad A Department of Pediatrics, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, - - 2013
Head circumference is a valuable index of brain growth and its disturbances can indicate different disorders of nervous system. Abnormal increased head circumference (macrocephaly) is common and observed in about 2% of infants. In this study, the causes and clinical types of abnormal increase in infants' head circumference were investigated ...
Sriyasak Atcharawadee - - 2013
The aim of this study is to explore and describe the experiences of being a teenage mother and taking care of infants less than 6 months of age. Ten teenage mothers were interviewed. Latent content analysis was used to analyze interview transcripts with the teenage mothers. It was found that ...
Tumblin Ann - - 2013
This is the family-centered cesarean birth story of my twin grandchildren. Because of good prenatal education; a well-chosen, dedicated care provider; and parents with focus, I am able to share a beautiful birth story. I hope relating this story encourages other childbirth educators to present various options for cesarean in ...
Bolten Margarete I - - 2012
Infant mental health problems include difficulties to regulate emotions or attention, crying, sleeping or feeding problems as well as aggressive behavior. Early identifications of these problems help to change developmental trajectories and improve developmental outcomes. Psychiatric assessment and classification have to take into account the rapid processes of development as ...
Gojman Sonia - - 2012
Intergenerational relations of attachment, including adult state of mind, adult care giving quality, and infant behavior, were examined in urban and rural samples. The sample included 66 dyads of contrasting populations, 35 middle-high urban Spanish speaking families and 31 rural Indian peasant families. Measures included the Adult Attachment Interview (George, ...
Cameron Sonya L - - 2012
Baby-Led Weaning (BLW) is an alternative method for introducing complementary foods to infants in which the infant feeds themselves hand-held foods instead of being spoon-fed by an adult. The BLW infant also shares family food and mealtimes and is offered milk (ideally breast milk) on demand until they self-wean. Anecdotal ...
Wataker Heidi - - 2012
In family care (FC) program for neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), parents are encouraged to reside together with their infant for 24 hours a day to actively be involved in the care. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of FC on maternal confidence and breast-feeding. Maternal ...
Lodge C J - - 2012
The literature is contradictory concerning pet exposure and risk of allergic disease in childhood especially among those with a family history of allergy. To investigate the relationship between cat and dog exposure at birth and allergic outcomes over the first 12 years in a birth cohort selected for familial allergy. A ...
Al-Hussaini Abdulrahman - - 2012
For decades, congenital panhypopituitarism has been recognized to cause infantile cholestasis. However, the identity of the hormone whose deficiency causes such derangement of the liver is not clear. Here, we report four cases of isolated severe cortisol deficiency presenting with neonatal cholestasis and hypoglycemia, of whom two had familial primary ...
Phuphaibul Rutja R Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Thailand Faculty of Medicine, Prince Songkhla University, Thailand Thailand Research Association for Child and Family Development, - - 2014
Aim:  The present study is based on the Prospective Cohort Study of Thai Children (PCTC), and focuses on socioeconomic factors including maternal age, maternal education, living with parents, family size, family income, locality, and sex that affect the growth outcomes of infants at 1 year of age. Methods:  Data was collected ...
- - 2012
Male circumcision consists of the surgical removal of some, or all, of the foreskin (or prepuce) from the penis. It is one of the most common procedures in the world. In the United States, the procedure is commonly performed during the newborn period. In 2007, the American Academy of Pediatrics ...
Yun Ki Wook - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the clinical characteristics of enteroviral meningitis in association with the absence of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis. DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of databases of patients diagnosed with enteroviral meningitis by CSF reverse transcription-PCR testing. Presence of CSF non-pleocytosis at each age group was ...
Jian Lin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate effects and complications of the implantation of Ommaya reservoir in premature infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH). METHODS: The effects and complications of the implantation of Ommaya reservoir in seven premature infants with PHH were retrospectively analyzed. Intracapsular puncture of the reservoir was performed for ...
Srinivasan Lakshmi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine reference ranges of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) laboratory findings in term and preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected prospectively as part of a multisite study of infants aged <6 months undergoing lumbar puncture for evaluation of suspected sepsis. Infants with a ...
Del Vecchio A - - 2012
Neutropenia is a relatively frequent finding in the neonatal intensive care unit, particularly in very low birth weight neonates during the first week of life. Healthy term and preterm neonates have blood neutrophil counts within the same basic range as adults, but their neutrophil function, and their neutrophil kinetics during ...
Sun Jinqiao - - 2012
Aim  The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of hypothermia on neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S-100 protein levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Methods  Fifty-one enrolled neonates with HIE were divided into two groups: hypothermia (n=23) and control (n=28). NSE and S-100 ...
Snodgrass Jill L - - 2012
Weighing less than three pounds four ounces, very low birthweight infants account for 1.4% of births and 46% of infant deaths in the U.S. Mothers of these infants often endure significant suffering while witnessing their children struggle for life. By examining their psychological and theological needs, and drawing on a ...
Jefferies Ann L - - 2012
Kangaroo care (KC) is the practice of skin-to-skin contact between infant and parent. In developing countries, KC for low-birthweight infants has been shown to reduce mortality, severe illness, infection and length of hospital stay. KC is also beneficial for preterm infants in high-income countries. Cardiorespiratory and temperature stability, sleep organization ...
Hines Elizabeth M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) red blood cell (RBC) count and CSF protein in neonates and young infants undergoing lumbar puncture. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Urban tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: Infants 56 days of age and younger who had a lumbar puncture in the emergency ...
Bajaj M - - 2012
Objective:Intraventricular reservoirs (IVRs) are used to drain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in neonates with post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD). The objectives of this case-control study were to evaluate changes in CSF parameters in serial IVR taps and to compare CSF parameters in culture-positive and -negative specimens.Study Design:Clinical and laboratory data from serial ...
Aran Adi - - 2012
Hypocretin (orexin) is a unique neuropeptide involved in the consolidation of wakefulness and sleep. Although hypocretin-1 levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are stable after infancy, how levels change in preterm and term human infants is unknown. Hypocretin-1 levels were measured in CSF samples, obtained from 284 preterm (25-37 gestational ...
Morris James A - - 2012
The aim of this paper is to reassess the significance of postmortem cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis. Published articles of CSF changes after death were reviewed, and reanalysis, in the light of modern views on the significance of bacterial postmortem isolates, was undertaken. There is theoretical and experimental evidence that the blood ...
Zembe-Mkabile Wanga - - 2012
Child cash transfers are increasingly recognised for their potential to reduce poverty and improve health outcomes. South Africa's child support grant (CSG) constitutes the largest cash transfer in the continent. No studies have been conducted to look at factors associated with successful receipt of the CSG. This paper reports ...
Hitzert Marrit M - - 2012
Introduction:Hydrocortisone (HC) and dexamethasone (DXM) are used to treat preterm infants at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). This may, however, affect their long-term neurological development. We aimed to determine the effect of HC and DXM therapy in preterm infants on neurological functioning as assessed by the quality of general movements ...
Zakaria Zaitun - - 2012
Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) in infants tends to have genetic predisposition. These cavernomas have a progressive course of events and associated neurological symptoms with increase in age. They most commonly present with seizure and syndrome of increased intracranial pressure comprising of headache, vomiting and focal neurological signs. We describe a ...
Piumelli Raffaele - - 2012
We evaluated the compliance of families using telemonitoring and families using conventional home monitoring in infants at risk of apnoea, bradycardia and hypoxaemia. Families who used the telemedicine system could perform the remote data transmission from their home. Families who used the conventional system had to come to the regional ...
Poehlmann Julie - - 2012
Although children born preterm or low birth weight (PT LBW) are more likely to exhibit behavior problems compared to children born at term, developmental and family processes associated with these problems are unclear. We examined trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms in relation to toddler compliance and behavior problems in families ...
Parade Stephanie H - - 2012
We call for a genetically informed approach in the examination of infant social and emotional development in family context. We recommend that scholars conceptualize family functioning as occurring on three unique levels: the parent-child dyad, the inter-parental dyad, and whole family functioning. Although advances in the area of understanding genetic ...
Willführ Kai P KP Max-Planck-Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany. - - 2012
We measure the concentration of infant deaths in families in the historical populations of Krummhörn, Germany and Québec, Canada in order to investigate whether mothers in recomposed families differ regarding their maternal quality. In particular, we are interested in whether stepmothers in Krummhörn are responsible for a diminution in the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >