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Plouin Perrine - - 2013
Epileptic seizures are more frequent in the neonate than at any other time. The incidence of neonatal seizures (NNS) is estimated to be between 1.5 and 5.5/1000 living births, its onset being during the first week in 80% of cases. Mortality rate remains very high (20-45%). Not all paroxysmal manifestations ...
Elkins Tonya - - 2013
Vanderbilt University Medical Center's Maternal Infant Health Outreach Worker program (MIHOW) is a community-based intervention dedicated to enhancing birth outcomes and healthy child development. Trained neighborhood women provide home and group services to underserved families in rural and inner city communities. This report describes MIHOW's history and work in Tennessee, ...
Egata Gudina - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding in infants aged under six months is a simple and cost-effective feeding method that ensures better infant and child survival and boosts the achievement of child related Millennium Development Goals in the developing world. Identifying factors associated with good breastfeeding practice helps to increase its coverage and maximize ...
Kokkinaki Theano T Department of Psychology, University of Crete, Greece. - - 2013
The aim of this longitudinal and naturalistic study was to compare aspects of imitative exchanges in dyadic grandmother-infant and mother-infant interactions. Sixteen Cretan Greek infants were video-recorded in the course of spontaneous dyadic interactions with maternal grandmothers or with mothers at home from the 2nd to the 10th month of ...
Kadivar Maliheh - - 2013
Fathers of preterm babies in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are under stress. Lack of knowledge about a preterm infant's behavior challenges new fathers who may be required to make decisions about the hospitalized infant, to update concerned family and friends, and to provide support to the mother while ...
Talebian Ahmad A Department of Pediatrics, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, - - 2013
Head circumference is a valuable index of brain growth and its disturbances can indicate different disorders of nervous system. Abnormal increased head circumference (macrocephaly) is common and observed in about 2% of infants. In this study, the causes and clinical types of abnormal increase in infants' head circumference were investigated ...
Bolten Margarete I - - 2012
Infant mental health problems include difficulties to regulate emotions or attention, crying, sleeping or feeding problems as well as aggressive behavior. Early identifications of these problems help to change developmental trajectories and improve developmental outcomes. Psychiatric assessment and classification have to take into account the rapid processes of development as ...
Gojman Sonia - - 2012
Intergenerational relations of attachment, including adult state of mind, adult care giving quality, and infant behavior, were examined in urban and rural samples. The sample included 66 dyads of contrasting populations, 35 middle-high urban Spanish speaking families and 31 rural Indian peasant families. Measures included the Adult Attachment Interview (George, ...
Cameron Sonya L - - 2012
Baby-Led Weaning (BLW) is an alternative method for introducing complementary foods to infants in which the infant feeds themselves hand-held foods instead of being spoon-fed by an adult. The BLW infant also shares family food and mealtimes and is offered milk (ideally breast milk) on demand until they self-wean. Anecdotal ...
Wataker Heidi - - 2012
In family care (FC) program for neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), parents are encouraged to reside together with their infant for 24 hours a day to actively be involved in the care. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of FC on maternal confidence and breast-feeding. Maternal ...
Lodge C J - - 2012
The literature is contradictory concerning pet exposure and risk of allergic disease in childhood especially among those with a family history of allergy. To investigate the relationship between cat and dog exposure at birth and allergic outcomes over the first 12 years in a birth cohort selected for familial allergy. A ...
Al-Hussaini Abdulrahman - - 2012
For decades, congenital panhypopituitarism has been recognized to cause infantile cholestasis. However, the identity of the hormone whose deficiency causes such derangement of the liver is not clear. Here, we report four cases of isolated severe cortisol deficiency presenting with neonatal cholestasis and hypoglycemia, of whom two had familial primary ...
Phuphaibul Rutja R Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Thailand Faculty of Medicine, Prince Songkhla University, Thailand Thailand Research Association for Child and Family Development, - - 2014
Aim:  The present study is based on the Prospective Cohort Study of Thai Children (PCTC), and focuses on socioeconomic factors including maternal age, maternal education, living with parents, family size, family income, locality, and sex that affect the growth outcomes of infants at 1 year of age. Methods:  Data was collected ...
- - 2012
Male circumcision consists of the surgical removal of some, or all, of the foreskin (or prepuce) from the penis. It is one of the most common procedures in the world. In the United States, the procedure is commonly performed during the newborn period. In 2007, the American Academy of Pediatrics ...
Yun Ki Wook - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the clinical characteristics of enteroviral meningitis in association with the absence of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis. DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of databases of patients diagnosed with enteroviral meningitis by CSF reverse transcription-PCR testing. Presence of CSF non-pleocytosis at each age group was ...
Jian Lin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate effects and complications of the implantation of Ommaya reservoir in premature infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH). METHODS: The effects and complications of the implantation of Ommaya reservoir in seven premature infants with PHH were retrospectively analyzed. Intracapsular puncture of the reservoir was performed for ...
Srinivasan Lakshmi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine reference ranges of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) laboratory findings in term and preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected prospectively as part of a multisite study of infants aged <6 months undergoing lumbar puncture for evaluation of suspected sepsis. Infants with a ...
Del Vecchio A - - 2012
Neutropenia is a relatively frequent finding in the neonatal intensive care unit, particularly in very low birth weight neonates during the first week of life. Healthy term and preterm neonates have blood neutrophil counts within the same basic range as adults, but their neutrophil function, and their neutrophil kinetics during ...
Sun Jinqiao - - 2012
Aim  The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of hypothermia on neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S-100 protein levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Methods  Fifty-one enrolled neonates with HIE were divided into two groups: hypothermia (n=23) and control (n=28). NSE and S-100 ...
Snodgrass Jill L - - 2012
Weighing less than three pounds four ounces, very low birthweight infants account for 1.4% of births and 46% of infant deaths in the U.S. Mothers of these infants often endure significant suffering while witnessing their children struggle for life. By examining their psychological and theological needs, and drawing on a ...
Jefferies Ann L - - 2012
Kangaroo care (KC) is the practice of skin-to-skin contact between infant and parent. In developing countries, KC for low-birthweight infants has been shown to reduce mortality, severe illness, infection and length of hospital stay. KC is also beneficial for preterm infants in high-income countries. Cardiorespiratory and temperature stability, sleep organization ...
Hines Elizabeth M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) red blood cell (RBC) count and CSF protein in neonates and young infants undergoing lumbar puncture. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Urban tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: Infants 56 days of age and younger who had a lumbar puncture in the emergency ...
Bajaj M - - 2012
Objective:Intraventricular reservoirs (IVRs) are used to drain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in neonates with post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD). The objectives of this case-control study were to evaluate changes in CSF parameters in serial IVR taps and to compare CSF parameters in culture-positive and -negative specimens.Study Design:Clinical and laboratory data from serial ...
Aran Adi - - 2012
Hypocretin (orexin) is a unique neuropeptide involved in the consolidation of wakefulness and sleep. Although hypocretin-1 levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are stable after infancy, how levels change in preterm and term human infants is unknown. Hypocretin-1 levels were measured in CSF samples, obtained from 284 preterm (25-37 gestational ...
Morris James A - - 2012
The aim of this paper is to reassess the significance of postmortem cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis. Published articles of CSF changes after death were reviewed, and reanalysis, in the light of modern views on the significance of bacterial postmortem isolates, was undertaken. There is theoretical and experimental evidence that the blood ...
Zembe-Mkabile Wanga - - 2012
Child cash transfers are increasingly recognised for their potential to reduce poverty and improve health outcomes. South Africa's child support grant (CSG) constitutes the largest cash transfer in the continent. No studies have been conducted to look at factors associated with successful receipt of the CSG. This paper reports ...
Hitzert Marrit M - - 2012
Introduction:Hydrocortisone (HC) and dexamethasone (DXM) are used to treat preterm infants at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). This may, however, affect their long-term neurological development. We aimed to determine the effect of HC and DXM therapy in preterm infants on neurological functioning as assessed by the quality of general movements ...
Zakaria Zaitun - - 2012
Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) in infants tends to have genetic predisposition. These cavernomas have a progressive course of events and associated neurological symptoms with increase in age. They most commonly present with seizure and syndrome of increased intracranial pressure comprising of headache, vomiting and focal neurological signs. We describe a ...
Piumelli Raffaele - - 2012
We evaluated the compliance of families using telemonitoring and families using conventional home monitoring in infants at risk of apnoea, bradycardia and hypoxaemia. Families who used the telemedicine system could perform the remote data transmission from their home. Families who used the conventional system had to come to the regional ...
Poehlmann Julie - - 2012
Although children born preterm or low birth weight (PT LBW) are more likely to exhibit behavior problems compared to children born at term, developmental and family processes associated with these problems are unclear. We examined trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms in relation to toddler compliance and behavior problems in families ...
Parade Stephanie H - - 2012
We call for a genetically informed approach in the examination of infant social and emotional development in family context. We recommend that scholars conceptualize family functioning as occurring on three unique levels: the parent-child dyad, the inter-parental dyad, and whole family functioning. Although advances in the area of understanding genetic ...
Willführ Kai P KP Max-Planck-Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany. - - 2012
We measure the concentration of infant deaths in families in the historical populations of Krummhörn, Germany and Québec, Canada in order to investigate whether mothers in recomposed families differ regarding their maternal quality. In particular, we are interested in whether stepmothers in Krummhörn are responsible for a diminution in the ...
Brand Serge - - 2011
Background/Aim: Infantile colic (IC) is considered to represent the upper end of the spectrum of early developmental crying behavior. Little is known about hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis activity and sleep in relation to infants' crying. The aim of the present study was to assess cortisol secretion in infants in relation to their ...
Cheng A - - 2011
Acute gastroenteritis is one of the most common causes of emergency room visits. Although it is usually a self-limited infection, vomiting related to this illness can cause various degrees of dehydration, leading to intravenous insertion, electrolyte abnormalities and/or hospital admission. Ondansetron is a highly potent antiemetic drug that is effective ...
Lindgren Helena - - 2011
To gain an understanding of fathers' experiences of a planned home birth. In-depth interviews were conducted with eight Swedish fathers who had the experience of a total of 23 births, of which 17 were planned home births. The fathers were recruited by the midwives who had assisted with the planned ...
Ashton Diane M - - 2010
The prevalence and impact of elective deliveries occurring prior to 39 weeks' gestation has been the focus of several important studies published in recent medical literature. Defined as scheduled deliveries in the absence of medical or obstetrical indications, concern has been raised that many of these procedures are not performed ...
Sekulić Slobodan R - - 2010
Existing data related to the probability of breech presentation suggest that the breech presentation is a consequence of mere filling of the intrauterine space, with the same probability of breech and cephalic presentation. As a consequence, group of cephalic presenting fetuses is heterogeneous. Some fetuses randomly assume the cephalic presentation ...
Bourgeois-Nicolaos Nadège - - 2010
We studied 1139 mother-infant pairs where the mother had had at least one vaginal swab in the month before delivery and their babies had had gastric and ear swabs taken immediately after delivery. The prevalence of vaginal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus was 5.9% among 1139 pregnant women within 1 month ...
Matijasevich A A Rua Marechal Deodoro, 1160-3rd floor, CEP 96020-220, Pelotas, RS, Brazil. - - 2012
Socioeconomic inequalities in health outcomes are dynamic and vary over time. Differences between countries can provide useful insights into the causes of health inequalities. The study aims to compare the associations between two measures of socioeconomic position (SEP)-maternal education and family income-and maternal and infant health outcomes between ALSPAC and ...
Reigstad I - - 2010
Abstract Reigstad, I, Reigstad, H, Kiserud, T, Berstad, T. Gastroschisis in western Norway. Aims: To evaluate the effect of elective caesarean section before term and early enteral nutrition on length of parenteral nutrition and hospital stay in infants with gastroschisis Methods: Retrospective review of all infants with gastroschisis treated in ...
Choudhury A M - - 2010
Pneumonia is an important cause of neonatal infection and accounts for significant morbidity and mortality in the neonatal period. The best way to reduce the high prevalence of pneumonia at this age group is through identification and elimination of its risk factors. This case-control study was conducted in the department ...
Akin Yasemin - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, perinatal complications and the outcome of macrosomic infants. A retrospective analysis was made of macrosomic deliveries and of those admitted into the Neonatology Unit. A control group of 854 deliveries weighing between 2500-4000 g was randomly composed. The incidence of ...
de Almeida Maria Fernanda Branco - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the need for positive pressure ventilation (PPV) by bag and mask and by bag and endotracheal tube in newly born term infants with vertex presentation delivered by non-urgent caesarean section under regional anaesthesia or non-instrumental vaginal delivery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: 35 public hospitals in 20 Brazilian ...
Dominguez-Bello Maria G - - 2010
Upon delivery, the neonate is exposed for the first time to a wide array of microbes from a variety of sources, including maternal bacteria. Although prior studies have suggested that delivery mode shapes the microbiota's establishment and, subsequently, its role in child health, most researchers have focused on specific bacterial ...
Baldassarre Mariella - - 2010
Preterm infants may pass meconium only after the first 48 hours of life, even in absence of any gastrointestinal disease. The role of various factors in determining the time of meconium elimination has been recently assessed. Gestational age and start of feeding had been demonstrated to influence first meconium timing. ...
McGrath Pam - - 2010
The purpose of this paper is to explore, from the mothers' perspective, the decision-making experience with regard to subsequent birth choice for women who had previously delivered by Caesarean section. A qualitative methodological approach was taken to the exploration of mothers' knowledge of the risks of vaginal birth after Caesarean ...
Rivera Angel J - - 2010
The bacterial population of the primate vaginal canal is an infant primate's first exposure to the microbial population inhabiting the outside world. Yet, little is known about this population and the effect it might have on the development and survival of the infant primate. As a first step toward characterizing ...
Liu Anthony J W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) occurs in more than 50% of infants exposed to intrauterine opiates. Maternal opiate dosing has been investigated with conflicting results. AIMS: The aims of this study were to correlate maternal methadone dose and other risk factors with the development of NAS requiring pharmacological treatment by ...
Dukic L - - 2010
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a rare condition with a poor prognosis. We report on a 30-year-old primagravid woman in the 34th) week of gestation who was admitted to our hospital. ARPKD of the foetus had been sonographically suspected since the 26th week of gestation. Ultrasound examination showed ...
Carlsson Wallin M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the indication for a previous caesarean section on the outcome of a subsequent delivery. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: Women with two deliveries between 1987 and 2007 identified using the Swedish Medical Birth Registry. METHODS: The outcome of 69 133 pregnancies after ...
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