Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1030
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Albrechtsen S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate, with respect to obstetric intervention and neonatal outcome, a protocol for selecting fetuses in breech presentation for vaginal delivery or cesarean section. STUDY DESIGN: A clinical follow-up study was performed between 1984 and 1992 of all term singleton deliveries in breech presentation. Each case ...
Chua S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To derive oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry (SpO2) values at each cervical dilation in labour in fetuses with normal neonatal outcome. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and forty-five women at term in established labour with ruptured membranes and cervical dilation at least 2 cm who had normal delivery outcome. The infants ...
Amoa A B - - 1997
We studied 510 patients in a retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative survey of vaginal births and repeat caesarean section after one primary caesarean section at the Port Moresby General Hospital. 478 (94%) were allowed a trial of scar (TOS). The most common indications for elective caesarean section in the other 32 patients ...
Graham I D - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to produce a minimum estimate of the prevalence of episiotomy use in Canada, and to investigate the trend in its use between 1981/1982 and 1993/1994. METHOD: A retrospective population case series study was conducted using hospital discharge abstracts. Outcome measures were the count ...
Shipman M K - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of antenatal perineal massage on subsequent perineal outcomes at delivery. DESIGN: A randomised, single-blind prospective study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Watford General Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Eight hundred and sixty-one nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy and fulfilling criteria for entry to the trial between June ...
Hirose M - - 1997
Satisfactory pain relief with postoperative extradural bupivacaine increases the amount of breast feeding after Caesarean section. To investigate the effect of extradural buprenorphine, we have evaluated the amount of breast feeding and the gain in infant weight for 11 days after Caesarean section in patients who received continuous extradural bupivacaine ...
Youngblut Joanne M - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to identify maternal, child, and family factors related to the employment status and employment history of single mothers of low-birth-weight (LBW) and full-term preschoolers. A sample of 121 female-headed, single-parent families with 3-, 4-, and 5- year-old LBW and full-term children was recruited through ...
Bragg E J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a structured program for early neonatal discharge from a tertiary medical center on the risk of neonatal readmission. METHODS: An early-discharge program was instituted at our tertiary medical center in July 1993, with the objective of discharging mothers and infants within 24 hours after ...
Sultan A H - - 1997
Obstetric trauma is by far the commonest cause of anal incontinence in women. Denervation and reinnervation of the pelvic floor and anal sphincter following vaginal delivery has been previously demonstrated. The advent of anal endosonography, however, has enabled the identification of occult anal sphincter defects following vaginal delivery. It is ...
Goffinet F - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether early amniotomy, when practised as an isolated intervention, increases the hourly rate of fetal heart rate record abnormalities. DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of the results of a multicentre randomised trial of early versus late amniotomy in labour. SETTING: Secondary and tertiary level teaching hospitals. ...
Abu-Heija A T - - 1997
This is a retrospective study conducted at Princess Badee'a Teaching Hospital in North Jordan to compare neonatal loss and morbidity in term singleton breech infants delivered either vaginally or by caesarean section. In this study, all singleton term breech presentation at 37 completed weeks' gestation were reviewed. Three hundred and ...
Görbe E - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of mortality and morbidity of the very-low-birthweight infant (< 1,500 g) in breech presentation based on mode of delivery and birthweight. A retrospective chart review of 1,009 infants who were in breech presentation at the time of delivery between January ...
Al-Mufti R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine obstetricians personal choices in relation to Down syndrome screening and mode of delivery for themselves or their partners. STUDY DESIGN: Structured anonymous postal survey. All 282 obstetric consultants, senior registrars and registrars in NHS obstetric units within London's M25 region were surveyed. RESULTS: The response rate was ...
Bezirtzoglou E - - 1997
Bacterial colonization of the neonatal gastrointestinal tract begins during birth when the neonate comes into contact with the maternal cervical and vaginal flora. In infants delivered by Caesarean section, bacteria colonizing the neonate gastrointestinal tract are provided by the environment. The first bacteria encountered in the majority of healthy infants, ...
Jonas H A - - 1997
To determine whether the improved survival of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants (< 1500 g) born in Australia can be attributed to currently high rates of Caesarean section, we examined the associations between neonatal mortality and Caesarean section in singleton liveborn VLBW infants (500-1499 g) born during 1986-93 in Victoria, ...
Dyack C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of attempting vaginal birth after cesarian section in the grand multipara with one previous cesarian section scar in the uterus. METHOD: Over 5-year period (1990-1994) mothers with 6 or more previous deliveries and with a previous section scar in the uterus were identified. The outcome ...
Haley J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact on use of resources in the management of small for gestational age babies using Doppler ultrasound versus cardiotocography. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A large district general hospital delivering 5500 to 6000 infants each year, 30% to 35% of which are to women of ...
Arora R - - 1997
Determinants of maternal mortality and causes of death pertaining to mode of delivery have been discussed. There were 23 deaths (case fatality rate of 7.2%) and maximum deaths occurred in intrapartum eclampsia (12 ie, 52.17%). Caesarean section was performed in 92 cases (28.7%) of which 4 women died (4.3%). Maternal ...
Sherer D M - - 1997
The objective of this study was assess whether residual amniotic fluid volume (AFV) following premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) is associated with fetal presentation, or the prevalence of either clinical or histologic infection in patients delivering below 32 weeks' gestation. From an established database of 465 deliveries below 32 ...
Ilesanmi A O - - 1997
A total of 120 Nigerian women at term pregnancy with one previous caesarean delivery were studied between June 1988 and May 1993. Elective caesarean section was performed in 3 (2.5%). Vaginal delivery was achieved in 101 (86.5%) of those allowed a trial of labour. Intrapartum caesarean section was done in ...
Spaans W A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Vaginal delivery after previous caesarean section is widely accepted in Western countries. Is a trial of labour in rural Africa also safe for mother and child? STUDY DESIGN: In a case control study in rural Zimbabwe the outcome of labour of 281 women who had one or more previous ...
Harrison V - - 1997
In developing countries, birth asphyxia is frequently associated with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. This has been attributed to inadequate obstetric care but poor nutrition may also be important. This study determines the association between magnesium stores and hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. The level of red blood cell magnesium was measured on 572 ...
Ecker J L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine the association between maternal vaginal and perineal morbidity and episiotomy performed at operative vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We obtained data from 2041 consecutive operative vaginal deliveries and compared yearly rates of episiotomy, lacerations, and potential confounders with linear regression and stratified analyses. RESULTS: Between ...
Adinma J I - - 1997
The outcome of labour in 177 Nigerian primigravidae in whom clinical pelvic assessment was performed before delivery, is studied. No significant difference occurred in the mode of delivery for the rank of the pelvic assessors (consultants or resident doctors) at x = 0.05. No significant difference also occurred in the ...
Lee S S - - 1997
Cord blood thyrotrophin (TSH) levels of 134 patients with singleton pregnancies and breech presentation at delivery were compared with those of cephalic-presenting controls matched for mode of delivery, the presence of labour, parity, and the date of delivery. Infants delivered by vaginal breech delivery were found to have a higher ...
Ziadeh S - - 1997
The safety of vaginal birth for singleton preterm breech has not often been addressed before. We retrospectively compared the perinatal outcome of two groups of preterm breech delivery. Sixty-six patients delivered vaginally and 32 delivered abdominally between 26 and 36 completed weeks. Vaginal delivery was allowed under the same protocol ...
Diani F - - 1997
During the period 1988-1966, 737 pregnancies, in which the infant birth weight was > or = 4000 grams were studied. During the same period there were 11,631 newborns, and 6.3% of them were infants with a birth weight > or = 4000 grams. Normal vaginal delivery occurred in 583 cases ...
Greco P - - 1997
To show that neutrophil counts are decreased in neonates born of mothers with pre-eclampsia and that pre-eclampsia itself is an independent risk factor for perinatal neutropenia. In a tertiary referral centre two groups of patients at high risk to have a neonate with neutropenia. All patients were delivered by elective ...
Tan B P - - 1997
Induction of labour after prelabour rupture of membranes may reduce the risk of neonatal infection. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of induction of labour with oxytocin versus expectant management for prelabour rupture of membranes at or near term (34 weeks or more). We searched the ...
Grant A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To compare a policy of elective caesarean delivery with a policy of selective caesarean delivery for women in spontaneous preterm labour. DESIGN: Systematic review of relevant randomised controlled trials. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and twenty-two women from six trials. INTERVENTIONS: Random allocation to "intention to deliver by caesarean section' (elective ...
Dinh P H - - 1996
The relationship between the birthweight of newborn infants and their mothers' health characteristics as well as socio-economic status were studied in 1474 consecutive deliveries from eight areas in the delta region of north Vietnam. The results showed that the proportion of low birthweight (LBW) infants varied from 7.9% to 12.5%. ...
Davies J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To collect data from a cohort of women requesting a home birth and examine the experience and outcome of pregnancy, the indications for hospital transfer, and the attitudes of mothers, midwives, and general practitioners. DESIGN: Follow up study with anonymised postal questionnaires. SETTING: Northern Regional Health Authority area. SUBJECTS: ...
Bofill J A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the efficacy of the obstetric forceps versus the M-cup, a new vacuum extractor cup, and maternal-neonatal complication rates. STUDY DESIGN: Over a 10-month period operative vaginal deliveries were randomized between the obstetric forceps and the M-cup vacuum extractor cup. Maternal demographics, indication for intervention, ...
Obwegeser R - - 1996
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to determine whether planned vaginal or elective cesarean delivery is better for singleton term breech infants and their mothers. METHODS: We studied deliveries of 388 singleton term breech infants that were born in our teaching hospital in Vienna. We follow well defined criteria for vaginal ...
Ogala W N - - 1996
Clinical data obtained prospectively from 98 neonates, 49 normal weight controls, and retrospectively from their mothers had revealed a low incidence of neonatal macrosomia and some important predictive indices of conception and safe delivery of such babies. All the macrosomic infants were singletons and above 37 weeks gestation. The incidence ...
Hickey K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The vacuum extractor is being increasingly advocated as the instrument of first choice for assisted vaginal delivery. It is widely believed that the vacuum cup will dislodge before causing serious fetal trauma. CASE: Rotational delivery of a term infant was effected using a vacuum extractor. A 6-cm Malmström metal ...
Bansal R K - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine the association between maternal vaginal and perineal morbidity and episiotomy performed at spontaneous vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We obtained data from 17,483 consecutive spontaneous vaginal deliveries and compared the yearly rates of episiotomy, lacerations, and potential confounders with linear regression and stratified analyses. RESULTS: ...
Tadesse E - - 1996
This prospective hospital-based study was done at Tikur Anbessa Teaching Hospital (TATH) between July 1991 and July 1992 in order to obtain base-line data on the rates of caesarean section, pregnancy out-come, major indications for caesarean and caesarean section complications. Out of a total of 3237 deliveries conducted during the ...
Hankins G D - - 1996
Literature review was performed to analyze and define the current state of operative vaginal delivery. On the basis of published data, it is concluded that outlet and low forceps deliveries with < or = 45 degrees of rotation are effective and safe for both mother and baby. The greatest risk ...
Simmons M - - 1996
Infants born with gastroschisis frequently present with an eviscerated intestinal segment that is inflamed and thickened. The damaged segment of intestine displays absorption and motility disturbances for a variable period of time after gastroschisis repair. Clinical and animal research suggests that the damage to the eviscerated intestine is caused by ...
Peng T C - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: We attempted to determine the effect on meconium aspiration syndrome from a selective approach of neonatal endotracheal intubation in meconium-exposed fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: All pregnancies delivered at the Medical College of Virginia in 1990 were included. Meconium was noted at membrane rupture and qualified as thick, moderate, or thin. ...
Hall D R - - 1996
The objective was to identify maternal risk factors for birth asphyxia, and took the form of a retrospective study over 3 years of 15,964 deliveries. The antenatal and intrapartum course of 68 mothers who delivered babies with birth asphyxia was studied. Babies < 34 weeks/< or = 2000 g at ...
Penn Z J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimum mode of delivery for women in preterm breech labour at a gestational age of 26 to 32 weeks. DESIGN: A multicentre randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Twenty-six hospitals in England, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Women with a singleton breech fetus in spontaneous preterm labour between 26 and 32 ...
Vacca A - - 1996
Subgaleal (subaponeurotic) haemorrhage (SGH) is a serious and sometimes life-threatening condition associated with vacuum extraction. With increasing use of the vacuum extractor as the preferred instrument for assisted vaginal delivery, neonatal paediatricians should be prepared to encounter a greater number of infants with SGH and other effects associated with vacuum ...
Sureau C - - 1996
Intrapartum surveillance has in recent years become a matter of debate. Following its earlier development, first in auscultation and then 40 years ago in electronic monitoring, obstetricians accepted its use with great, perhaps too great, enthusiasm. Years later, attempts to evaluate the actual consequences of this use led to disappointment: ...
Chadwick L M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe the obstetric and perinatal factors, in particular the method of delivery, associated with development of a subgaleal haematoma (SGH) and to determine the outcome of survivors with this type of birth trauma. METHODOLOGY: Perinatal and obstetric data were retrospectively reviewed for 37 infants admitted to the neonatal ...
Ziadeh S M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine the aetiological factors of uterine rupture during labour, and propose preventive measures. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed between February 1989 and July 1994, to analyze the cases of rupture uterus in relation to causes, age, parity, maternal and fetal mortality ...
Robertson P A - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: We attempted to determine whether there are differences in the incidence of head entrapment and adverse neonatal outcome by mode of delivery in breech deliveries from 28 to 36 weeks of gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Computerized data and charts of 321 viable consecutive singleton breech deliveries from 28 to 36 ...
Giordano P - - 1996
PURPOSE: Vaginal fistulas are rare but can cause extremely distressing symptoms for patients and prove difficult to define anatomically. Barium studies have been reported as having a maximum sensitivity of only 34 percent for detection of vaginal fistulas. Vaginography is an alternative method for diagnosis and evaluation of suspected vaginal ...
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