Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1287
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Cao Yang - - 2009
The effect of feeding method on stress hormone levels in infants is unknown. We studied infants from birth to 1 year and found salivary cortisol 40% higher in breast-fed infants compared with formula-fed infants. The higher cortisol levels among breast-fed children may be involved in the analgesic effect of breastfeeding.
Pelleboer Rolf Aa - - 2009
AIMS: To estimate the incidence and clinical characteristics in hospital admissions due to dehydration or undernutrition and their laboratory evaluation and treatment outcome in exclusively breastfed infants. METHODS: All hospital admissions during the first 3 months of life assessed by the Dutch Paediatric Surveillance Unit (DPSU) between mid 2003 and ...
Haider, R.
Lactation counsellors were trained to advise mothers of partially breast-fed infants who were admitted to hospital because of diarrhoea, so that they could start exclusive breast-feeding during their hospital stay. Infants (n=250) up to 12 weeks of age were randomized to intervention and control groups. Mothers in the intervention group ...
Meerlo-Habing Z E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Mothers of preterm infants are more likely to discontinue breast feeding early than mothers of term infants. We evaluated the effect of early discharge with tube feeding of preterm infants under close supervision by paediatric nurse specialists on the duration of breast feeding. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Medium/high-care neonatal ...
Vazirinejad Reza - - 2009
This study aims to examine whether specific maternal breast variations (such as flat nipple, inverted nipple, large breast or/and large nipple) are barriers for weight gain in breastfed infants during the first seven days of life. In this prospective cohort study, 100 healthy term neonates were followed from birth to ...
Nevoral J - - 2009
Intestinal microbiota in exclusively breast-fed infants with blood-streaked stools and in healthy exclusively breast-fed babies was compared. Total anaerobes, bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, coliform bacteria, enterococci and clostridia were quantified by cultivation methods in feces of 17 full-term exclusively breastfed patients (aged 16.3 +/- 7.4 weeks) with blood-streaked stools and in the ...
Meyer Rosan - - 2009
The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breast-feeding for the first six months of life. Breast milk remains the best source of nutrition for infants and mothers need to be motivated to continue as long as possible. However, when breast milk is not an option, health care professionals should be able ...
Tomasi Paolo A - - 2009
Galactocele is a benign breast lesion, usually occurring in nursing women. This lesion is a rare cause of breast enlargement in children. In this paper we describe the case of an infant with hyperprolactinemia (which persisted throughout 15 years of clinical observation) and bilateral galactocele. We speculate that a congenital ...
Butte Nancy F - - 2009
Childhood obesity is a complex disease influenced by genetic and environmental factors and their interactions. The current surge in childhood obesity in the United States is attributable to an interaction between a genetic predisposition toward obesity and a permissive environment. Several recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses have been published on ...
Koosha A - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Breast-feeding is a major determinant of infants' health and survival. The aim of this study was to examine breast-feeding patterns and the role of some factors on exclusive breast-feeding. METHODS: The study was done at the Health Centre of Community Oriented Medical Education of Zanjan City, Iran. Mothers of ...
Fetherston C M - - 2008
Abstract Secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) is the dominant immunoglobulin in human milk, and apart from the obvious contribution it makes towards the protection of the infant, sIgA may also form an important part of the defense of the mammary gland. This report involves a mother (M8) who participated in a ...
Adejuyigbe E A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This case report seeks to create awareness of the aetiology of rickets of prematurity among very low birth weight infants in Nigeria METHODS AND RESULT: This is a case report of an 800 gramme premature male neonate delivered by caesarean section at 28 weeks gestation following severe maternal pre-eclampsia. ...
Laitinen K - - 2009
Clinical safety of consuming plant stanol ester spreads during pregnancy and lactation, the impact on maternal and infant serum and breast-milk cholesterol and the ratios (micromol/mmol of cholesterol) of synthesis and absorption markers were evaluated. Pregnant women (n 21) were randomised to control and dietary intervention groups, the intervention including ...
Maruyama Kazuo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: One of the causes of food allergy in infancy is assumed to be immunological immaturity of the intestinal tract. The purpose of the present study was to examine changes in salivary and fecal secretory IgA (sIgA) levels in infants under different feeding regimens to evaluate the immunological maturity of ...
Pan I-Jen - - 2009
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) are persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic pollutants that were broadly used in the United States until the 1970s. Common exposure to PCBs, DDT, and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), the most stable metabolite of DDT, may influence children's neurodevelopment, but study results are not consistent. We examined the ...
Dougherty Dorothy - - 2008
Breast milk has been shown to contribute significantly to positive neurodevelopmental and medical outcomes in the extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant population. It is crucial that ELBW infants receive their mother's colostrum as a first feeding, followed by expressed breast milk for as long as possible. Evidence-based literature supports ...
Faridi M M A - - 2008
Congenital and acquired malformations of the breast can present with difficulty in breastfeeding. The authors report on 3 mothers of Indian origin who successfully breastfed their babies after appropriate counseling despite having different breast malformations. One of the mothers had bilateral ectopic axillary breasts but was able to breastfeed after ...
Baird Janis J MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK. - - 2008
Current guidelines recommend that infants are exclusively breast fed for the first 6 months of life, with particular solid foods being gradually introduced from 6 months. Our objective was to compare the growth of infants whose feeding most closely followed current guidelines with the growth of infants with other feeding ...
Hren Irena - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess whether formula supplementation of infants with failure to thrive can improve underweight without jeopardizing breast-feeding. METHODS: In a prospective intervention study 31 term exclusively breast-fed infants were studied, who were admitted to hospital at an age of 28-99 days with ...
Grummer-Strawn Laurence M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Infancy is a time of rapid transition from a diet of virtually nothing but milk (either breast milk or infant formula) to a varied diet from nearly all food groups being consumed on a daily basis by most infants. Despite various recommendations about infant feeding, little is known about ...
Fein Sara B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: As infants transition from a milk-based diet to one that includes most food groups, the timing of the transition, how infants are fed, and the quality of their diet can have important health implications. Our objective is to describe these factors for US infants. METHODS: We analyzed data from ...
Whitworth A - - 2010
We here report on a psychotic mother and her breast-fed infant who was treated with olanzapine. Consecutively olanzapine concentrations in the milk and plasma of the mother and in the infant were measured with tandem mass spectroscopy over a period of five month. The results show a relatively high plasma ...
Morelli Lorenzo - - 2008
The postnatal period of a new human being is characterized, from the microbiological point of view, by the formation of a new ecosystem: the microflora of the human gut. In adulthood a number of barriers exert a potent selective action on bacteria arriving from the mouth, but in the very ...
Meier Paula P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Many mothers of very low birthweight infants are breast pump-dependent for weeks or months and need a breast pump that is efficient, effective, comfortable, and convenient. STUDY DESIGN: This multisite, blinded, randomized clinical trial compared the efficiency, efficacy, comfort, and convenience of the Symphony breast pump (Medela, McHenry, IL) ...
Al-Sahab Ban - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Data on the prevalence and predictors of breast-feeding remain scarce in Lebanon. Moreover, no study has previously addressed the effect of the paediatrician's sex on breast-feeding. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence and predictors of breast-feeding at 1 and 4 months of infant age while exploring the ...
Cattaneo Adriano - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States made little progress in child nutrition and mortality between 1990 and 2005. The present paper assesses the nutritional status of children <5 years of age and discusses possible strategies for improvement. METHODS: Data on low birth weight, infant and young child feeding, ...
Furman Lydia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine rates of breast-feeding in the first 2 months of life at an inner-city pediatric practice. METHODS: Using retrospective chart reviews, we examined all visits through 2 months of age for infants seen from April 1, 2007, to June 29, 2007, at the Pediatric Practice of Rainbow Babies ...
Beck Cheryl Tatano - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Up to 34% of new mothers have reported experiencing a traumatic childbirth. Documented risk factors for delayed or failed lactogenesis include stressful labor and delivery, unscheduled cesarean births, and psychosocial stress and pain related to childbirth. OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of birth trauma on mothers' breast-feeding experiences. METHODS: ...
Fängström Britta B Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2008
Chronic arsenic exposure causes a wide range of health effects, but little is known about critical windows of exposure. Arsenic readily crosses the placenta, but the few available data on postnatal exposure to arsenic via breast milk are not conclusive. Our goal was to assess the arsenic exposure through breast ...
Haines Michael R - - 2008
Considerable literature exists on the benefits of breast feeding on the health and survival of infants and young children, but there is less on the effects on later life outcomes. One such measure of health and well-being that has received attention in the historical literature is terminal adult stature. Information ...
Lutz Ulrich C - - 2008
Postpartum psychosis constitutes a severe complication that entails risk for both mother and child. Little is known about the use of olanzapine in the treatment of postpartum psychosis. In previous studies, it has been reported on mothers receiving relatively low doses of olanzapine. We report a 38-year-old patient who was ...
Alex Marion - - 2008
Parents face a paradox when they are told: Breast is best; bottle-feeding is hazardous to health. But breast-fed babies are more likely to become severely jaundiced than bottle-fed babies, and severe jaundice can lead to brain damage. This article will explore the natural physiology of jaundice with a focus on ...
Briggs Gerald G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of use of high-dose carisoprodol during pregnancy and breast-feeding. CASE SUMMARY: A 28-year-old woman with severe back muscle spasm took carisoprodol 2800 mg/day before and throughout an uncomplicated pregnancy and while exclusively breast-feeding her infant during the first month after birth. Serum drug concentrations of ...
Radwan Hadia - - 2009
This study was designed to investigate the relation of breast-feeding and weaning practices with the duration of lactational amenorrhea among breast-feeding mothers in the United Arab Emirates. A total of 593 mothers were interviewed in the Maternal and Child Health Centers in three areas: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Al Ain. ...
Gentile Salvatore - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A relatively high number of women may suffer from psychotic symptoms at postpartum onset. Such symptoms may have devastating effects not only on the mothers but also on the later infant's well being. Children born to mothers with psychosis are at increased risk of physiologic, psychological, and personality development ...
Gong Yu-hua - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Growth and development of infants has been an important topic in pediatrics for a long time. Infants must be provided with food containing all necessary nutrients. Breast milk is believed to be the most desirable natural and cheapest food for well-balanced nutrition. But with the progress in the development ...
Bertini Giovanna - - 2008
The case of a premature intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) infant, born from caesarean section to a mother with hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP) syndrome, and admitted to NICU for low birth weight is reported. The baby girl was fed with pasteurized maternal milk, and she had a normal ...
Bernbaum Judy C - - 2008
Soy formula containing estrogenic isoflavones is widely used in the United States. Infants consuming soy formula exclusively have high isoflavone exposures. We wanted to study whether soy formula prolonged the physiologic estrogenization of newborns, but available quantitative descriptions of the natural history of breast and genital development are inadequate for ...
Tunc Vildan Taylan - - 2008
To identify the normal defecation patterns and the factors affecting these patterns in the first two years of life, a questionnaire was given to the parents of 1,021 children who were followed in a well-child clinic. The time of first meconium passage, presence of colic symptoms, frequency, color, and consistency ...
Lunney Kevin M - - 2008
Little is known about mothers' perspectives and experiences of early breast-feeding cessation as a strategy to reduce postnatal HIV transmission in rural, resource-constrained settings. We conducted in-depth interviews (IDI) with 15 HIV-positive breast-feeding mothers of infants aged 3-5 mo about their plans for feeding their infants after age 6 mo. ...
Unal Sevim - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present paper was to define the incidence, complications, morbidity and mortality of hypernatremic dehydration due to inadequate breast-feeding in a neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out between 2002 and 2005, to identify the term breast-fed neonates with serum sodium level ...
- - 2008
BACKGROUND: Neonatal illness, particularly in the first week of life, is a leading cause of death worldwide. Improving identification of young infants who require referral for severe illness is of major public-health importance. METHODS: Infants under 2 months of age brought with illness to health facilities in Bangladesh, Bolivia, Ghana, ...
Subhani Aqeel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The study was carried out to investigate the duration of lactational amenorrhoea in women of district Abbottabad. The objective of this survey was to determine the duration of lactational amenorrhoea in female population of district Abbottabad, NWFP, Pakistan. METHODS: A survey was conducted at Ayub Teaching Hospital from June ...
Kagaayi Joseph - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Data comparing survival of formula-fed to breast-fed infants in programmatic settings are limited. We compared mortality and HIV-free of breast and formula-fed infants born to HIV-positive mothers in a program in rural, Rakai District Uganda. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: One hundred eighty two infants born to HIV-positive mothers were followed at ...
Agostoni Carlo - - 2008
This position paper on complementary feeding summarizes evidence for health effects of complementary foods. It focuses on healthy infants in Europe. After reviewing current knowledge and practices, we have formulated these conclusions: Exclusive or full breast-feeding for about 6 months is a desirable goal. Complementary feeding (ie, solid foods and ...
Nye Carla - - 2008
Breast milk provides physiologic and neurodevelopmental protection for premature infants. Most hospitals are breast-milk friendly, but the number of premature infants breastfeeding successfully at discharge is relatively small. There are evidence-based techniques to improve the odds of premature infants breastfeeding at discharge and into the first year of life. Measures ...
Jiménez Esther - - 2008
Breast milk is an important source of staphylococci and other bacterial groups to the infant gut. The objective of this work was to analyse the bacterial diversity in feces of breast-fed infants and to compare it with that of formula-fed ones. A total of 23 women and their respective infants ...
Kuti Oluwafemi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the breast-feeding practices and duration of lactational amenorrhoea among women within the first year of delivery in a Nigerian population. METHOD: Cross-sectional study carried out between January 2005 and April 2006, among mothers within one year of delivery, who were attending the Infant Welfare Clinic at Wesley ...
Suiter Debra M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To gather normative data about cardiopulmonary changes during feeding in breast-fed infants at 1 week and 2 months of age. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two term-born, breast-fed infants. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Oxygen saturation (SpO2), the percentage of oxygenized hemoglobin, and heart rate ...
Shiva Farideh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequency of hospitalization during the first six months of life between breast-fed and bottle-fed infants. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted over twelve months, in hospital-based outpatient clinics. Mother-infant pairs, seen at the clinics during the study period, were enrolled. Infants were between the ages ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >