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Eades Sandra J - - 2010
Describe breast- and bottle-feeding patterns and the introduction of solid feeds and sugar containing drinks to the dietary intake of a cohort of urban Aboriginal infants in the first year of life. Two hundred and seventy-four infants were recruited to a cohort study and information about infant nutrition was collected ...
Coulthard Helen H Department of Psychology, Hawthorn Building, DeMontfort University, Leicester LEI 9BH, UK. - - 2010
To describe fruit and vegetable (FV) feeding practices at 6 months, and to examine whether these practices predict children's FV intake at 7 years of age. A prospective, longitudinal design was adopted. The mothers completed self-reported questionnaires at 6 months and 7 years postpartum, containing questions about their child's FV ...
Isemann B - - 2011
To identify maternal and neonatal factors that impact response to methadone therapy for neonatal abstinence syndrome. This is a retrospective review of 128 infants that received pharmacotherapy for opiate withdrawal to identify factors associated with favorable response to methadone therapy. Maternal and neonatal data were analyzed with univariate statistics and ...
Li Ruowei - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: How breastfeeding reduces the risk of childhood obesity is unclear, and 1 hypothesis pertains to the ability of breastfed infants to self-regulate. We studied whether infants' self-regulation of milk intake is affected by feeding mode (bottle versus breast) and the type of milk in the bottle (formula versus expressed ...
Dibley Michael J - - 2010
To compare infant and young child feeding practices in children aged 0-23 months across nine East and Southeast Asian countries. Secondary analyses of cross-sectional data from available Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS; Indonesia, Philippines, Timor-Leste, Cambodia and Vietnam), Multiple Indicator Country Surveys (Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) and Myanmar) ...
Vaaler Margaret L - - 2010
This study explored the influence of demographic characteristics on attitudes toward the benefits of breast-feeding, approval of public breast-feeding, and the use of infant formula. Additionally, the study examined whether attitudes were related to infant feeding practices among mothers enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and ...
Pan I-Jen IJ Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7435, - - 2010
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane (p,p'-DDT) and 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE), the most stable metabolite of p,p'-DDT, are persistent organic pollutants and environmental endocrine disruptors. Infant exposure to these chemicals through breast feeding may influence children's growth, but this potential adverse effect could be complicated by the coexisting benefits of breast feeding. This ...
Chen Yi Chun - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the health-related quality of life of fathers under different infant feeding type scenarios. The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form was used to measure the health-related quality of life of 1,699 fathers, and the scores were used to look for associations with different ...
Caetano Michelle Cavalcante - - 2010
To assess feeding practices and dietary intake of healthy infants in three Brazilian municipalities. By means of a prospective study, we analyzed the food record of 7 consecutive days of an intentional sample (quota and weighted sampling) of 179 healthy infants, aged between 4 and 12 months, from the municipalities ...
Savino Francesco - - 2010
Studies have shown that the early life environment affects feeding behaviour, food intake and energy balance in later life, suggesting there is a link between foetal and infant growth and the risk of metabolic disorders in adulthood. Although there is an evident epidemiological association between low birth weight and adult-onset ...
Taki M - - 2010
AIM: To obtain a better understanding of the changes in feeding behaviour from 1 to 6 months of age. By comparing breast- and bottle-feeding, we intended to clarify the difference in longitudinal sucking performance. METHODS: Sucking variables were consecutively measured for 16 breast-fed and eight bottle-fed infants at 1, 3 ...
Bonuck Karen A - - 2010
Identifying early risk factors for childhood obesity is critical, as weight in infancy and early childhood tracks to later periods. Continued bottle use - primarily from excess milk intake - is emerging as a potential risk factor for early childhood overweight. Over three fourths of US infants drink from bottles ...
Schiess Sonia - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the practice of introducing complementary feeding across Europe. We aim at describing times of solid introduction in healthy infants in 5 European countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 2002 and June 2004, 1678 healthy term infants were either breast-fed (BF) for at least 4 months ...
Read Jennifer S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We assessed the infant feeding choices of HIV-1-infected women in rural Tamil Nadu, India, and risk factors for mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1. METHODS: The study population comprised live born infants of HIV-1-infected women from the antenatal clinics of 2 public hospitals in rural Tamil Nadu, India who were enrolled ...
Ib??ez Lourdes - - 2010
Breast-fed infants born small-for-gestational-age (SGA) (n = 28) were found to develop lower adiposity across early infancy, when compared with appropriate-for-gestational age infants (n = 46). The SGA infants were also found to have 2-fold higher (P < .001) levels of circulating leptin at 4 months. This paradoxical hyperleptinemia in ...
Murthy Sambasiviah C - - 2010
A nine-month-old female infant presented with an eruption over her face, perineal region, and upper and lower limbs. She had sparse hair growth and diarrhea. Clinical features and investigations were suggestive of hypozincemia. Therapy with zinc and weaning from breastfeeding led to resolution of the condition, confirming a diagnosis of ...
Allcutt Claire - - 2010
For the purposes of this paper "weaning is defined as the introduction of the first solid foods to infants". Global recommendations by the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommend that all infants be exclusively breast-fed for the first six months of life. No global recommendations have been made for formula fed ...
Friel James K - - 2010
Complementary feeding is currently recommended after six months of age, when the nutrients in breast milk alone are no longer adequate to support growth. Few studies have examined macro- and micro-nutrient intakes from complementary foods (CF) only. Our purpose was to assess the sources and nutritional contribution of CF over ...
McCormick Felicia M - - 2010
Preterm infants are usually growth restricted at hospital discharge. Feeding preterm infants after hospital discharge with multinutrient fortified breast milk rather than unfortified breast milk may facilitate more rapid catch-up growth and improve neurodevelopmental outcomes. To determine the effect of feeding with multinutrient fortified human breast milk versus unfortified breast ...
Tandberg B S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence of breast milk feeding (BMF) of infants with congenital heart defects (CHD) during first 6 months of life, as compared with general population. DESIGN: The study is based on a subsample of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study conducted by Norwegian Institute of Public ...
Ahn Youngmee - - 2010
The descriptive cross-sectional study of 2,235 Korean postpartum women was conducted to explore (a) feeding types with related factors, (b) the perceived benefits of each feeding type, (c) the perceived sexuality-related barriers to breast-feeding, and (d) the perceived relative significance of breast functions. The most frequently utilized feeding type was ...
White Jane M - - 2009
Appropriate nutrition during infancy is essential for optimal growth and development, and when solid food is introduced is recognised as important. Guidelines recommend that infants start weaning from six months. This locally-based study aimed to investigate parental decisions to start weaning. A postal questionnaire was sent to 203 families with ...
Berger Irit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that resting energy expenditure (REE) would be higher after breastfeeding than after bottle-feeding. METHODS: Nineteen preterm infants (gestational age: 32 weeks) in stable condition who were nourished entirely with their mothers' breast milk were assigned randomly to feeding either by bottle or at the breast. Each infant ...
Cern? Milena - - 2010
The aim of our study was to obtain data on the exposure of breast-fed infants to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and selected organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in different urban areas of the Czech Republic. The PCB and OCP levels were determined in 90 human milk samples collected in seven urban areas in ...
Savino Francesco F Department of Paediatrics, Regina Margherita Children's Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. - - 2010
Faecal calprotectin has been proposed as a sensitive marker for gastrointestinal inflammation in children and adults. High levels have been reported in healthy newborns and during the first months of life; the effect of the kind of feeding on the calprotectin concentration in stools is controversial. To evaluate faecal calprotectin ...
Davanzo Riccardo - - 2009
Human milk has several advantages in the nutrition of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. However, there are limited data on breast feeding (BF) in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The aim of this study was to identify a practical definition of BF rate in VLBW infants and to test its applicability and ...
Ramji Siddarth - - 2009
The exclusive breast feeding rates in India at 6 months is about 46 per cent. At 6-8 months only 54 per cent of breast fed and 75 per cent of non breast fed infants are initiated into complimentary feeds. At the start of the second year of life only about ...
Kuitunen Mikael - - 2009
OBJECTIVES:: Regarding safety, we investigated the effect of prenatal probiotic and 6 months of pro- and prebiotic supplementation of infants on their hematologic values at 6 months and 2 years and factors affecting these values. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: In a prospective randomized controlled probiotic intervention trial in infants at high ...
Erkkola Maijaliisa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess milk feeding on the maternity ward and during infancy, and their relationship to sociodemographic determinants. The validity of our 3-month questionnaire in measuring hospital feeding was assessed. DESIGN: A prospective Finnish birth cohort with increased risk to type 1 diabetes recruited between 1996 and 2004. The families ...
Nordmo Elisabet - - 2009
To report a case of severe apnea in an infant exposed to lamotrigine through breast-feeding. A 16-day-old infant developed several mild episodes of apnea that culminated in a severe cyanotic episode requiring resuscitation. A thorough examination at the hospital gave no evidence of underlying diseases that could explain the reaction. ...
Briggs Gerald G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a woman who used duloxetine during pregnancy and breast-feeding. CASE SUMMARY: A 29-year-old woman was treated with duloxetine for depression during the second half of an uncomplicated gestation. She gave birth at term to a healthy female infant. A cord blood sample was obtained ...
Mathur N B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A) To study the frequency of perceived breast milk insufficiency in mothers of hospitalized neonates. b) To assess subsequent duration of exclusive breast feeding and growth (upto three months) in neonates whose mothers perceived breast milk insufficiency. METHODS: Neonates whose mothers were willing to breastfeed their babies were included ...
Rebhan Barbara - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate infant feeding and breast-feeding practices during the first 9 months of life in Bavaria, Germany, in relation to recommendations and to identify factors associated with early feeding of semisolid food. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 3103 infants throughout Bavaria, Germany, were collected in a prospective cohort study. ...
Hengstermann Susanne - - 2010
This case control study evaluates the association between hospitalization due to infection and feeding practices among infants aged >or= 3 days to < 6 months. Mothers of 191 cases hospitalized for infections and 208 healthy controls were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire documenting infant-feeding history. Results given in odds ratio ...
Hwang Jin-Bok - - 2009
We first report a case of protein losing enteropathy in severe atopic dermatitis in an exclusively breast-fed 5-month-old infant. Protein losing enteropathy was confirmed by fecal alpha1-antitrypsin clearance test and imaged successfully by 99mTc-human serum albumin scintigraphy. The present case highlights that protein losing enteropathy in severe infantile atopic dermatitis ...
Abrahamsson Thomas R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This is to identify factors affecting the prevalence of Lactobacillus reuteri in maternal faeces and breast milk and infant faeces after oral supplementation with L reuteri and to assess the influence on microbial ecology, particularly Clostridium difficile and Bifidobacterium colonization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind trial, 232 mothers ...
Heymann Jody - - 2009
Ensuring working mothers' ability to breast-feed is crucial given that breast-feeding substantially reduces infant morbidity and mortality while promoting maternal health. Working conditions, rules on the job, supervisors and co-workers can all raise or lower barriers to breast-feeding. Around the world, 127 countries guarantee working women the right to breast-feed. ...
Chang Pi-Feng PF Department of Pediatrics, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Pan-Chiao, Taipei, - - 2009
To test the hypothesis that a mutation in uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyl transferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) gene of breast-fed infants is a contributory factor to prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Of 125 breast-fed term infants, 35 infants had prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia; another 90 breast-fed neonates without prolonged jaundice were control infants. The polymerase chain reaction-restriction ...
Geddes Donna T - - 2010
Coordination of infants' suck-swallow-breathing patterns is integral to safe and efficient feeding. However, assessment of these patterns is difficult and often invasive, particularly in breast-fed infants less than 4 months of age. The aims of this study were to develop an ultrasound approach to visualize swallowing in term breast-feeding infants ...
Lee Henry Chong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate incidence and factors influencing breast milk feeding at discharge for very low birth weight infants (VLBW) in a population-based cohort. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative to calculate incidence of breast milk feeding at hospital discharge for 6790 VLBW infants born ...
Gunnarsdottir Ingibjorg - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association between duration of exclusive breast-feeding (EBF), weight gain in infancy and childhood BMI in two populations with a long duration of EBF. DESIGN: Cohort study with follow-up in childhood. Breast-feeding status was reported monthly during infancy. Weight and length were measured at birth, 2, 6 ...
Stuebe A M - - 2010
Infant feeding decisions affect maternal and child health outcomes, worldwide. Even in settings with clean water and good sanitation, infants who are not breast-fed face an increased risk of infectious, as well as non-infectious morbidity and mortality. The decision not to breast-feed can also adversely affect mothers' health by increasing ...
de Aquino Rebeca Raposo - - 2009
The transition from tube feeding to exclusive breastfeeding represents an important period for preterm babies because of their clinical fragility and immature development. This study describes this transition in preterm infants in relation to different feeding approaches: relactation, translactation, and breast-orogastric (OG) tube, considering the duration of the transition, weight ...
Sasaki Yuri - - 2010
Exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) is recommended in the first 6 months of an infant's life. This study aims to investigate the present status of infant feeding practices and identify factors that affect EBF practices during the first 6 months following infant birth in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. A cross-sectional survey with a ...
Friend Dana - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Development of an educational program for women of special care nursery (SCN) infants in Kenya about the use and cleaning of breast pumps through culturally appropriate teaching tools as well as conduction of an evaluation of change in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practical ability in pump use following the ...
Kost Natalya V - - 2009
Casomorphins are the most important during the first year of life, when postnatal formation is most active and milk is the main source of both nutritive and biologically active material for infants. This study was conducted on a total of 90 infants, of which 37 were fed with breast milk ...
Rasheed Sabrina - - 2009
Women's breast-feeding patterns are complex, and existing definitions of breast-feeding behavior do not capture this complexity adequately. We used results from a prior qualitative study to define trajectories for feeding during the first half of infancy, and then examined household-, maternal-, and infant-level determinants of these trajectories using logistic regression ...
Schoen Stefanie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test equations for calculating infants' energy requirements as a simple and reliable instrument for estimating the amount of breast milk consumed in epidemiological studies where test-weighing is not possible. DESIGN: Infants' energy requirements were calculated using three different equations based on reference data and compared with actual energy ...
Abdel Razek Aida - - 2009
Using a quasi-experimental design, this study was conducted in two maternal & child health centres in Jordan to examine the effects of breast-feeding on pain relief during neonatal immunization injections. Inclusion criteria were first year of age, breast-fed and no concurrent illness. Infants were divided into two groups (of 60 ...
Kirchner Lieselotte - - 2009
AIM: To identify certain variables related to the infants' course that might have an impact on the mothers' decision to breastfeed. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective survey including all patients <1500 g birth weight (BW) treated between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2005 at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of ...
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