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De Carolis Maria Pia - - 2014
Early discharge of mother/neonate dyad has become a common practice, and its effects are measured by readmission rates. We evaluated the safety of early discharge followed by an individualized Follow-up programme and the efficacy in promoting breastfeeding initiation and duration. During a nine-month period early discharge followed by an early ...
Millette Maude M Department of Pediatrics, Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the uptake of a free vitamin D infant prescription programme and to determine the incidence of nutritional rickets. This was a retrospective cohort study of infants from Quebec, Canada, involving term infants born between 1998 and 2008 and covered by the public ...
Battersby C C Neonatal Data Analysis Unit, Imperial College, London, - - 2014
To evaluate a quality improvement (QI) programme to increase the use of maternal breast milk (MBM) in preterm infants. Interrupted time series analysis. 17 neonatal units in the East of England (EoE) Perinatal Network; 144 in the rest of the UK Neonatal Collaborative (UKNC). Infants born ≤32(+6) weeks gestation admitted ...
Gonya J J Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital Columbus, - - 2014
Extremely premature infants experience long hospitalisation and high readmission rates within 30 days of discharge. This quality control investigation retrospectively explored the impact of the Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment (COPE©) Programme on these rates in an all referral, Level-IV small baby intensive care unit setting. The parents of 303 ...
Castro Patricia Dominguez PD 1 Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Republic of - - 2014
Early complementary feeding has been shown to increase the risk of overweight, obesity and chronic diseases later in life. Poor compliance with current guidelines on complementary feeding has been reported by Irish studies. The aim of the present paper is to identify predictors of early complementary feeding in order to ...
Penazzato Martina M MRC Clinical Trials Unit, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite expansion of services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), about 700 infants acquire HIV every day. Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected infants reduces mortality but requires diagnosis by virological testing, which is complex, expensive, and inaccessible in many settings. Little cost-effectiveness evidence exists about different ...
Våga Bodil Bø BB Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, P.O. Box 7804, 5020 Bergen, Norway; Department of Health Studies, University of Stavanger, 4036 Stavanger, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
A growing emphasis on patient involvement in health care has brought 'informed choice' to the core of the debate on provider-patient interaction in global health-care programmes. How the principles of patient involvement and informed choice are implemented and experienced in diverging health systems and cultural contexts are issues of increasing ...
Chaturvedi Sarika S Department of Public Health and Environment, R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain, India; Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
India launched JSY cash transfer programme to increase access to emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) by incentivising in-facility births. This increased in-facility births from 30%in 2005 to 73% in 2012 however, decline in maternal mortality follows a secular trend. Dysfunctional referral services can contribute to poor programme impact on ...
Ayoya Mohamed Ag - - 2013
The 2010 earthquake in Haiti displaced about 1.5 million people, many of them into camps for internally displaced persons. It was expected that disruption of breastfeeding practices would lead to increased infant morbidity, malnutrition and mortality. Haiti's health ministry and the United Nations Children's Fund, in collaboration with local and ...
Tereno Susana - - 2013
Attachment is a long-term emotional link between infants and their mothers. Attachment quality influences subsequent psychosocial relationships, the ability to manage stress and, consequently, later mental health. Home intervention programmes targeting infant attachment have been implemented in several contexts with varying degrees of efficacy. Within the CAPEDP study (Parental Skills ...
Bergh A-M - - 2013
To measure progress with the implementation of kangaroo mother care (KMC) for low birth-weight (LBW) infants at a health systems level. Action research design, with district and regional hospitals as the unit of analysis. Four regions in Ghana, identified by the Ghana Health Service and UNICEF. Health workers and officials, ...
Yalçin S Songül - - 2013
Child survival is the focus of the fourth Millenium Developmental Goal (MDG4). This paper describes levels, trends, and differentials in Under-Five Mortality Rate (U5MR) and also summarizes state programmes in Turkey between 1988 and 2010. Turkey is among only a few countries that have already surpassed MDG4 and have reduced ...
Tong Cheuk Y W - - 2013
Immunisation of infants born to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected mothers is an important public health measure to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HBV. Post-vaccination serological tests (PVST) inform the success of the infant HBV immunisation programme and identify infected infants. Previous studies suggested that the rates of PVST in the ...
Zechmeister-Koss Ingrid - - 2013
Background: Preterm birth is a rising health problem in Europe generally, and in Austria specifically. Decision makers require objective information on the effects and costs of measures to prevent preterm birth. Methods: We undertook a budget impact analysis from a public payer perspective and for a 1-year and 5-year time ...
Adebimpe Wasiu O - - 2013
The number of children who have HIV continues to grow. Studies have confirmed dramatic survival benefits and mortality reduction for infants confirmed and managed as early as possible after diagnosis. With the advent of the Polymerase Chain Reaction technology, early infant diagnosis of HIV among children is easier and more ...
Ballantyne M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Neonatal Follow-Up (NFU) programmes provide health services for families of infants at high risk of developmental problems following difficult or extremely premature birth: yet, up to 30% of families do not attend these programmes with their infants. METHODS: The study objective was to determine maternal and infant factors that ...
van Hoek Albert Jan - - 2013
Insight into how humans interact helps further understanding of the transmission of infectious diseases. For diseases such as pertussis, infants are at particular risk for severe outcomes. To understand the contact pattern of infants, especially those too young to be vaccinated, we sent contact diaries to a representative sample of ...
Tampah-Naah Anthony Mwinilanaa AM Department of Environment and Resource Studies, University for Development Studies, Wa Campus, Wa, Ghana. - - 2013
Mothers are encouraged to practice exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of a child's life. The general objective of the study was to assess the predictors of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in Ghana. This was a cross-sectional study using data from the 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS). ...
Ijumba Petrida - - 2012
Breastfeeding is widely endorsed as the optimal strategy for feeding newborns and young infants, as well as improving child survival and achieving Millennium Development Goal 4. Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first 6 months of life is rarely practised in South Africa. Following the 2010 World Health Organization (WHO) infant ...
Ijumba Petrida - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In 2001, South Africa began implementing the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programme. This programme included distribution of free formula milk for infants up to 6 months of age at all public health facilities. Effective from 1 January 2011, KwaZulu-Natal became the first province to phase out ...
Kynø Nina M NM Department of Neonatology, Woman & Children's Division, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevaal, Oslo, Norway. - - 2012
Aim of the present study was to examine the long-term effect of an early intervention for preterm infants on cognitive, gross motor and behavioural outcomes at 36 months corrected age. One hundred and eighteen preterm infants born 2005-2006 with gestational age ≥ 30.0 and <36.0 weeks were randomized to an ...
Sonnenberg P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: All-cause mortality, based on national tuberculosis programme (NTP) register deaths, may under- or overestimate tuberculosis (TB) specific mortality in the population.OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors influencing this measurement in a single large population with high TB prevalence and mortality.METHODS: Routinely collected data on TB cases and treatment outcomes were ...
Ruttenstock Elke - - 2012
The management of an 11-month-old infant who developed a bronchopleural fistula (BPF) 3 weeks after video-assisted thoracic surgery for congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the right lower pulmonary lobe is presented. Being refractory to treatment with chest tubes, the BPF was managed using a bronchoscopic approach using porcine dermal collagen ...
Ina Shihomi - - 2012
A left atrium thrombus, potentially a life-threatening complication, is an extremely rare in early infancy. Most cases are caused by mal-placement of central venous catheters or related to congenital heart diseases with left atrial blood congestion. Here we present an extremely low birth weight infant who developed a left atrial ...
Niizuma Takahiro - - 2012
Norovirus was detected in the feces from five neonates in the growing care unit by a rapid immunochromatography (ICG) kit. However, confirmation using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), RT-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP), and nested RT-PCR methods showed negative results from all the feces. In addition, the ICG test for ...
Margutti Ana Vitoria Barban - - 2012
To observe the behavior of the plotted vectors on the RXc (R – resistance – and Xc – reactance corrected for body height/length) graph through bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIVA) and phase angle (PA) values in stable premature infants, considering the hypothesis that preterm infants present vector behavior on BIVA suggestive ...
Ergaz Z - - 2012
Objective:To reveal the incidence of umbilical artery catheter-related thrombosis (UACRT), the associated risk factors and the natural history of clot formation and regression.Study Design:A prospective cohort study. An umbilical artery catheter was inserted in 61 infants, who were evaluated and followed by serial duplex ultrasound studies for the development of ...
Gray Robert G - - 2012
There is growing awareness that the Norwood procedure with the Sano modification is prone to early right ventricular to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit stenosis resulting in systemic oxygen desaturation, increased interstage morbidity, and death. We report our experience with endovascular stent placement for conduit stenosis and compare the outcomes at ...
Krause U - - 2012
Aortic thrombosis is rarely observed in neonates and infants. Underlying conditions include the presence of umbilical artery catheters, thrombosed aneurysm of the ductus arteriosus, sepsis and different states of inherited thrombophilia. Treatment options include anticoagulation, thrombolytic therapy and thrombectomy. Due to the lack of large studies, neither diagnosis nor treatment ...
Jennings Lisa K - - 2012
Little data on pediatric percent platelet aggregation (%PA) exist in the literature, particularly in cardiac patients and in response to clopidogrel. The objectives were to estimate the %PA range expected in pediatric patients and to measure the clopidogrel effect on %PA in the PICOLO (Platelet Inhibition in Children on Clopidogrel) ...
Price Sarah N SN Obesity Prevention Program, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2012
Our objective was to examine mothers' perspectives of obesity-related health behavior recommendations for themselves and their 0-6 month old infants. A health educator conducted 4 motivational counseling calls with 60 mothers of infants during the first 6 months postpartum. Calls addressed 5 behaviors for infants (breastfeeding, introduction of solid foods, ...
Baptiste-Roberts Kesha - - 2012
Our objective was to test the hypothesis that intrauterine exposure to gestational diabetes [GDM] predicts childhood growth independent of the effect on infant birthweight. We conducted a prospective analysis of 28,358 mother-infant pairs who enrolled in the National Collaborative Perinatal Project between 1959 and 1965. The offspring were followed until ...
Chetty Terusha T Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa. - - 2012
Follow up of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-exposed infants is an important component of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) programmes in order to ascertain infant outcomes post delivery. We determined HIV transmission, mortality and loss to follow-up (LTFU) of HIV-exposed infants attending a postnatal clinic in an urban hospital in ...
Kulkarni Kshama Vasudev - - 2011
We report three infants who presented with acute gastric volvulus and recovered initially after de-torsion, but later presented with sequelae due to ischemia of gastroesophageal junction, stomach and gastroduodenal junction. The first two infants could not be fed orally or by gastrostomy tube because of microgastria and stricture of the ...
Lucchini Renato - - 2011
It is essential to start enteral nutrition early to preterm infants by giving small amounts of milk (preferably human milk) to ensure that metabolic homeostasis is kept stable and to limit postnatal growth retardation. Increasing feeding volumes to reach "full enteral feeding" is limited by individual feeding tolerance. Feeding intolerance ...
Aydin Mustafa - - 2011
Neonatal gastric perforation is an uncommon but life-threatening condition, which is mainly encountered in premature infants. Primary surgical repair is the principal mode of the treatment. Gastric perforation in neonates improving with percutaneous peritoneal drainage alone has not been described previously. Therefore, an extremely low birth weight infant is presented ...
Chan S M - - 2011
Infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis typically present at 2 to 4 weeks of age with nonbilious projectile vomiting. Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is exceedingly rare in newborn infants and is scarcely reported in literature. Also, the diagnostic criteria for ultrasonographic measurements in newborn infants have yet to be determined. This report ...
Saad Ahmad - - 2011
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with multiple congenital anomalies affecting several organ systems, including the gastrointestinal system. Pyloric stenosis and bands are known and previously reported etiologies of gastric outlet obstruction in infants with CDH. We report the first case of gastric antrum hypertrophy causing gastric outlet obstruction in ...
Laczniak Andrew N - - 2011
Gastromalacia is a postmortem autolysis of gastric tissue that can culminate in gastric perforation. This entity is well-recognized by pathologists but is rarely encountered by diagnostic radiologists. We are reporting a case of sudden unexplained infant death (SUID) in which a boy was found to have pneumoperitoneum on postmortem radiographs, ...
Field Tiffany T Touch Research Institute, University of Miami School, Miami, FL 33101, USA. - - 2011
In this paper, potential underlying mechanisms for massage therapy effects on preterm infant weight gain are reviewed. Path analyses are presented suggesting that: (1) increased vagal activity was associated with (2) increased gastric motility, which, in turn, was related to (3) greater weight gain; and (4) increased IGF-1 was related ...
Chaparro M Pia - - 2011
Childhood obesity is a growing problem in the United States. Parental perception of their children's weight status is a key factor that needs to be considered when developing prevention programs for preschool children. Using a randomly selected sample of participants of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children ...
Pico Catalina - - 2011
Breastfeeding, compared with infant-formula feeding, confers later protection against obesity. Leptin represents a candidate for the programming of the lean phenotype as suggested by 1) the presence of leptin in breast milk and its absence in infant formula, 2) a human study that showed a negative correlation between leptin concentrations ...
Wijlaars L P M M LP Research Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London, London, - - 2011
The association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and childhood obesity foreshadows lifelong inequalities in health. Insight into the causal mechanisms linking childhood adversity to long-term health could be provided by discovering when the negative SES gradient in weight emerges and what early life experiences are associated with it. SES differences ...
Rolland-Cachera Marie-Françoise - - 2011
Numerous studies have investigated associations between early growth and future risk of obesity, but the methods used varied considerably. Different growth references or parameters can be considered. Growth references from France, the United States (the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), the Netherlands, Belgium, and the United Kingdom were compared ...
Seal Nuananong N College of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201, USA. - - 2011
Obesity is a global, growing public-health problem. The detrimental health consequences of obesity are significant and include co-morbidities such as diabetes, coronary heart disease, and some types of cancer. To date, findings relating the A allele of the FTO variant rs9939609 to increased energy intake and risk for obesity have ...
Brooks Jada L - - 2011
To examine the degree to which obesity during infancy, consistent exposure to secondhand smoke, and parenting (positive attention, maternal involvement, and negative control) were related to early development of wheezing in a cohort of African American premature infants at 2, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months corrected age. Secondary analysis ...
Tennant P W G - - 2011
Early pregnancy obesity (body mass index, BMI, ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) carries significant health implications. This cohort study investigates the association between early pregnancy BMI and the risk of fetal and infant death in pregnancies not affected by congenital anomalies or pre-gestational diabetes. Data on singleton pregnancies delivered during 2003-2005 at ...
Misra Vinod K - - 2011
Maternal obesity may be associated with metabolic factors that affect the intrauterine environment, fetal growth, and the offspring's long-term risk for chronic disease. Among these factors, maternal serum lipids play a particularly important role. Our objective was to estimate the influence of variation in maternal serum lipid levels on variation ...
Mehta Shobha H - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants and the development of childhood obesity in an inner-city primarily African American population. Maternal, neonatal, socioeconomic, and nutritional histories were collected for mothers with children who were 2-5 years old. Associations between Alexander and customized birthweight ...
Huh Susanna Y SY Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children's Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2011
To examine the association between timing of introduction of solid foods during infancy and obesity at 3 years of age. We studied 847 children in Project Viva, a prospective pre-birth cohort study. The primary outcome was obesity at 3 years of age (BMI for age and gender ≥ 95th percentile). ...
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