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Results 401 - 450 of 801
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Wisner K L - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated the dramatic increase in the rates of new episodes of psychiatric illness in postpartum women. Mother-Baby joint admission inpatient units serve the needs of women with psychiatric illness related to childbearing in other countries. Such units have been rare experiments in the United States. This ...
Di Benedetto M R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of unplanned deliveries before arrival at a big metropolitan hospital and to determine the demographic characteristics of the group of women at risk of delivering before arrival. DESIGN: A random case control study. Each baby born before arrival and its mother were compared to the ...
Moor S - - 1996
The birth of a normal child is an event full of happiness and joy for its family, yet the birth of a handicapped baby can be a terrible human tragedy, since it entails difficult problems to be faced by the infant and its parents. Euthanasia of newborn handicapped babies is ...
Soares A - - 1996
This report details the management of a newborn with nesidioblastosis who underwent a 95% pancreatectomy under general anaesthesia. The baby presented with hypoglycemic convulsions, due to hyperinsulinism, and was treated with 12.5% dextrose infusions, glucagon and anticonvulsants. Intraoperatively and postoperatively the baby remained hyperglycemic. A postoperative osmotic diuresis necessitated the ...
Jones H R HR - - 1996
Mononeuropathies are unusual at birth, and electromyographic (EMG) definition the first day of life has not been reported previously. Although neonatal mononeuropathies may be related to obstetric complications, prenatal mechanisms also merit consideration. We report an infant, born with a peroneal neuropathy, whose EMG was performed 18 h after birth. ...
Hamilton J - - 1995
In his research on the action of various drugs in newborns, Dr. Jacob Aranda of the Centre for Perinatal and Developmental Pharmacology Research in Montreal draws upon his expertise in both neonatology and pharmacology. His work has led to the acceptance of caffeine as a standard treatment of apnea in ...
Misra M - - 1995
In an industrial hospital in India, a 23 per cent prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) was detected, of which 76 per cent were full term small for date (SFD) babies. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) comprised the single most common obstetrical problem associated with term SFD births (31 per ...
Wong M - - 1995
We report a retrospective study of 94 infants, ages < 4 months, who underwent investigation for possible osteomyelitis during a 9-year period. Of the 30 babies with proven osteomyelitis (radiographic changes or positive bone cultures or positive blood cultures plus a compatible clinical picture), 17 were preterm artificially ventilated babies ...
Phylactos A C - - 1995
In a comparative study in term, preterm and low-birthweight infants, the mean activity and standard error of the mean for copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD) in cord erythrocytes from five term small for gestational age infants was 0.94 +/- 0.10 SOD units (mg protein)-1. This value was significantly lower than ...
Ho N K - - 1995
In Singapore, formulating ethical guidelines for people who live in a multiracial, multilingual, multicultural and multi-religious community can be difficult. The "individualised prognostic" strategy in the management of critically ill infants has been followed. Our neonatal paediatricians encounter the following ethical problems: extremely premature babies whose viability is doubtful, babies ...
Talvik T - - 1995
Creatine kinase isoenzyme BB was determined in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in 79 preterm neonates using an original enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The criterion for inclusion was an Apgar score of 7 or less at 5 min of life. Neurological examination was performed on day 2 and day 5 of life. CSF ...
Ho N K - - 1995
The outcome of the extremely low birth weight (less than 1,000g or ELBW) babies continues to improve. More ELBW babies are surviving, though some of them may have various degrees of impairment or disability. The chance of dying or surviving with a major disability or cerebral palsy declines significantly in ...
Khadilkar V - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of and organisms responsible for neonatal nosocomial infection (after 72 h of age). METHODOLOGY: A 1-year evaluation of 321 consecutive septic work-ups performed on 130 of 1008 babies admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for more than 72 h. Fifty-seven (89%) of 64 ...
al-Nuaim A R - - 1995
Blood samples from 813 newborns were spotted on to filter paper and the 17-hydroxyprogesterone concentration was measured using the Delfia (R) fluorometric immunoassay. The median, mean, and standard deviation (SD) for the total population were 20, 21 and (11) nmol/L respectively. Males had significantly higher levels than females with median, ...
Adhikari M M Department of Paediatrics, King Edward VIII Hospital, - - 1995
This retrospective study of 569 cases of meconium aspiration from 11 institutions in South Africa reveals a high incidence varying from 4 to 11/1,000 and a mortality rate of 12%. Mortality was significantly related to the degree of asphyxia at birth. Twenty-five per cent of the babies (136/569) required intensive ...
Redshaw M E - - 1995
In a large-scale study of neonatal care in England, hospital and questionnaire data were collected on the experiences of an unselected group of 420 mothers whose babies had recently been admitted for neonatal care to one of 23 widely distributed hospitals. Perceptions of their infant while in the neonatal unit ...
Nashelsky M B - - 1995
Many health care professionals believe that there is a very short interval between an act of ultimately lethal infant shaking and the onset of symptoms (altered consciousness, convulsions, respiratory distress, and so on). We reviewed the English-language medical literature on the shaken baby syndrome for case reports or other information ...
Audiens H - - 1995
Babies born after in vitro fertilisation (IVF) are increasing in number, and, although these babies are considered as very precious, no data are available regarding their risk for sudden infant death or apnoea. To evaluate the respiratory maturity of IVF babies, we evaluated the incidence of apnoea during an 8-h ...
Krishnan L - - 1995
A retrospective analysis was performed on 215 babies to evaluate the incidence of septicemia in babies intubated at birth for aspirating meconium from the trachea. Only term, appropriate for gestational age babies were included. Babies with any known perinatal risk factor for infection were excluded from the study and none ...
Adhikari M - - 1995
This study examined the factors associated with the development of periventricular hemorrhage (PVH) in black low-birth weight infants from a disadvantaged community. In addition, the use of drugs as a preventive strategy for the development of PVH was addressed. A total of 177 babies weighing less than 1.5 kg were ...
Ma S - - 1995
High-resolution proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to study human urine obtained from 10 normal babies and twenty babies with various degrees of neonatal asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). All sick babies showed different degrees of oxygen deficiency, indicated by an obvious increase of ...
Farkas A G - - 1995
The aim of this study was to assess prospectively acid-base changes after severe birth acidaemia. Fourty-five term babies with severe acidaemia (median umbilical artery pH 6.99 [Range 6.74-7.05], mean base deficit 16.3 [SD 3.7] mmol/l) were prospectively identified. Pathological cardiotocographs were present in 32 (71%) prior to delivery and 39 ...
Tugal O - - 1994
PURPOSE: We describe a newborn baby boy with anemia in whom human parvovirus (HPV) antibodies were detected in his serum. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Severe reticulocytopenia and anemia lasted until day 11 after his birth. Thereafter reticulocytosis was observed. Work-ups for immune hemolytic anemia, fetomaternal hemorrhage, placental hemorrhage, intrauterine infections were ...
Daga S R - - 1994
We performed a randomized controlled study of the mortality and morbidity of 49 babies born with thick meconium staining of amniotic fluid. These unasphyxiated babies were consecutively born and were admitted to the intensive care unit for observation as routine. The groups were comparable in regard to sex, birth weight, ...
Patel L - - 1994
To evaluate the clinical significance of eosinophilia in newborn infants, 261 admissions to the neonatal unit over a 12-month period were studied retrospectively; 33 babies with eosinophilia (> 1.0 x 10(9)/l) were studied. Clinical and laboratory data for the first month of life were compared, where available, between gestational age-matched ...
Morley C J - - 1994
Baby Check is a systematic way of grading the severity of illness in infants. We studied its usefulness for assessing 53 infants presenting to a clinic in a West African village. Their ages ranged from 2 weeks to 7 months. The Baby Check scores ranged from 0 to 30. Forty-four ...
Sharon R - - 1994
Forty-six mothers with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) gave birth to 72 babies. Sixty-two babies were delivered vaginally and 10 babies by cesarean section. There was no mortality among mothers or babies. Eighteen infants were born thrombocytopenic (PLT < 100 x 10(9)/l). Eleven infants had a platelet count of less than ...
Tam J C - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of urinary tract abnormalities detected by antenatal ultrasound; the value of fetal renal measurements in predicting significant uropathy; and the nature and clinical outcome of fetal uropathy. DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective analysis of babies with urinary tract abnormalities detected before birth who were born ...
Toppare M F - - 1994
Risk factors for lactational failure in puerperium were investigated. Sixty mothers with inadequate daily milk supply for their babies were the lactational failure group, and 60 mothers with similar age having babies with similar age and weight were chosen as the control group. Low prolactin levels, low serum iron and ...
Levin A - - 1994
A mother-infant neonatal unit was established in 1979 at Tallinn Children's Hospital in Estonia to provide medical and nursing care to newborn and premature babies and their mothers. Its leading principles are 24-hour care by the mother, minimal use of technology, and little contact between the baby and medical and ...
Leeson R - - 1994
Torrens House provides a short residential programme for families with a baby (8-12 months of age) identified by parents as having a sleep problem such as waking frequently at night and being difficult to settle. The programme involves the promotion of infant self-settling by the use of a controlled crying ...
Coody D - - 1994
Shaken baby syndrome is a less widely recognized form of physical child abuse. It is defined as vigorous manual shaking of an infant who is being held by the extremities or shoulders, leading to whiplash-induced intracranial and intraocular bleeding and no external signs of head trauma; often identifying shaken baby ...
Potì P - - 1994
The cognitive and locomotor development of 4 chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) during their 1st year of life was examined with Piagetian theory and method as paradigm. The infant chimpanzees progressed through the same 4 stages of development as babies do. However, the chimpanzees seemed less developed than babies in object exploration ...
Knudsen E I - - 1994
1. This study demonstrates the influence of experience on the establishment and maintenance of the auditory map of space in the optic tectum of the barn owl. Auditory experience was altered either by preventing the structures of the external ears (the facial ruff and preaural flaps) from appearing in baby ...
Hyde G A - - 1994
Thirteen neonates with pneumoperitoneum on X-ray underwent operation in Harare from January 1990 to May 1992. Perforations of multiple aetiologies were found in the stomach and small and large intestine. Depending on the site of perforation, treatment was primary closure, resection and anastomosis or exteriorization of the involved bowel. Unsuspected ...
Salariya E M - - 1993
The incidence of neonatal jaundice is reported to have increased in relation to breast feeding and various factors are thought to contribute to this either singularly or in concert. In a group of 150 full-term healthy babies, feeding types and gut transit time of meconium were examined. The findings demonstrated ...
Sayers S M - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: (i) To describe birth size of Aboriginal babies by sex, gestational age, and Aboriginality; (ii) to analyse the results with reference to standards of ponderal index and birthweight for gestational age. SUBJECTS: 570 liveborn singletons routinely delivered at Royal Darwin Hospital between January 1987 and March 1991, and recorded ...
Ram S P - - 1993
A post-dated intra-uterine growth retarded male Malay baby was born to a 30-year-old mother gravida II by Caesarean section. Her previous pregnancy ended in still-birth. The baby was severely asphyxiated at birth. He was intubated and immediately admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. He had anasarca, anaemia, purpura and ...
Conway S - - 1993
The study was designed to quantify the preterm baby's response to routine childhood immunisations. A total of 69 preterm babies were put into two groups according to their gestational age: less than 32 weeks and between 32 and 35 weeks. Within each group the babies were randomly placed into one ...
Kameswaran C - - 1993
Three thousand seven hundred and two deliveries between January and December, 1990 were the study subjects. The perinatal mortality rate (PNMR), stillbirth rate (SBR) and early neonatal death rates (ENDR) were found to be 57/1000, 35.1/1000 and 22.7/1000, respectively. The preterms had much higher PNMR, SBR and ENDR as compared ...
McLachlan R - - 1993
AIM: To determine if the intestinal isoenzymes of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) are biochemical markers of bowel necrosis in neonates. METHODS: Plasma ALP isoenzymes were measured in 22 babies with bowel necrosis, histologically confirmed, and in 22 matched controls. The isoenzymes were also measured in 16 infants with signs of necrotising ...
Johnson A - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: To assess the rate of impairment and disability among babies born very preterm and to investigate the association between such impairment and gestational age at birth. DESIGN: Cohort study of a geographically defined population of babies. SETTING: Oxford Regional Health Authority. SUBJECTS: All babies born alive before 29 weeks ...
Turnpenny P D - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To perform a clinical analysis of newborn babies with a fractured clavicle and investigate the possible role of relative calcium deficiency in the aetiology. DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study (clinical aspects); case controlled study (calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase). SETTING: The Nazareth Hospital, Israel. SUBJECTS: All babies with a fractured clavicle ...
Park W S - - 1993
We present an autopsy case of a two-day-old female infant with a very unusual combination of neuroblastoma in situ in both adrenals and microcephaly. This baby was born to a 28-year-old mother after 38 weeks of gestation, and died of respiratory difficulty 2 days later. At autopsy, the baby weighted ...
Spencer J A - - 1993
Twenty-two severely acidaemic babies (mean umbilical artery pH 7.00), born at term but not requiring resuscitation, were matched for gestational age, mode of delivery and birthweight with non-acidaemic infants. Skin-puncture pH, PCO2 and base deficit were measured at 1 h of age in the acidaemic group. Mean respiratory and heart ...
Hawdon J M - - 1993
Recent concerns regarding neurological sequelae of neonatal hypoglycaemia have raised the question of whether demand breast feeding may increase the risks of neonatal hypoglycaemia and neurological handicap. In this review article neonatal hypoglycaemia is defined, monitoring of babies for this condition is discussed and implications for baby feeding practices are ...
Stoodley N - - 1993
In order to determine whether the elective delivery of babies with gastroschisis confers advantages in outcome, the case-notes of all babies referred to Bristol with gastroschisis over a 10 year period were reviewed. Various factors were compared between babies born in Bristol and those born elsewhere in the South West ...
Hillery S - - 1993
A normal full-term baby boy, born by vaginal delivery, became ill on day 2 with fever and failure to feed. CSF examination revealed 260 x 10(6)/l leucocytes, mainly mononuclears, protein 2 g/l and glucose zero. Pasteurella multocida was isolated in pure culture from the baby's CSF, blood and umbilicus and ...
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