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Results 351 - 400 of 800
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Bloom K C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine the perceived relationship with the father of the baby and maternal attachment in pregnant adolescents. DESIGN: Exploratory, longitudinal, using a convenience sample. SETTING: Four antepartum clinics for low-income women. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-nine adolescents, ages 12-19 years, < 20 weeks gestation; follow-up assessments at 20-29 weeks (n = 64), ...
Ehigiegba A E - - 1998
One hundred and ninety two postnatal women and ninety five newly born baby girls were prospectively investigated at the six weeks postnatal clinic of the department of obstetrics and gynaecology of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria between January 1, 1996 and April 30, 1996. Circumcision was ...
Wheeler T - - 1998
Fingerprint whorl patterns are formed during fetal life. In a group of 180 term infants, those with more fingerprint whorls tended to have a small abdominal circumference (P = 0.09) and high ratio of head to abdominal circumference (P = 0.008). These associations were independent of the relation between the ...
Batton D G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to evaluate the impact of fetal compromise on the outcome of borderline viable babies. STUDY DESIGN: All 142 babies born in our hospital from 1990 to 1995 with a gestational age of 23 to 25 weeks were included. Fetal compromise was considered present if one of ...
Dumaret A C - - 1998
Recently, professionals in France have noticed an increase in newborns with Down syndrome (DS) being placed for adoption. The aim of this study was to investigate DS babies given up at birth for adoption and to consider the possible determinants of this in order to assess social acceptance of DS. ...
McVey C - - 1998
Increases in medical expertise and technological advances have enabled the survival of very preterm babies who form a new and growing population. Comparisons between the foetus, full-term baby and the very preterm baby indicate that by the time the foetus is of 23 weeks gestation, many of the abilities, for ...
Harding J E - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a characteristic form of brain damage (encephaloclastic porencephaly) was associated with chest physiotherapy treatment in preterm babies. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was undertaken among 454 infants of birth weight less than 1500 gm cared for during the 3-year period of 1992 to 1994. Thirteen babies ...
Oei J - - 1998
A potentially difficult situation can arise when a sick newborn baby presents with a common clinical sign that subsequently turns out to be a manifestation of a rare condition. The baby's birth sometimes results in the diagnosis of a new condition in other members of the family. Necrotising enterocolitis is ...
Blohm M E - - 1998
The aim of this study was to establish reference values and factors associated with serum AFP elevation in infants. Five hundred twenty-four samples collected from infants up to the age of 2 years at the University Hospital Düsseldorf (Germany) were analyzed. At birth mean serum AFP levels were 41,687 ng/ml ...
Beeby P J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that chest physiotherapy in extremely premature infants is associated with abnormal neurological outcomes. METHODS: All babies born during the years 1992-1994 at gestations of 24-29 weeks who survived to 28 days were included in the study cohort (n=213). Chest physiotherapy was provided by trained physiotherapists ...
Sunde K - - 1998
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether mass-mailing of a 12-month wall calendar which focused on child and infant safety and first aid treatment had any educational effect on lay people. The calendar included algorithms for removal of a foreign body from the airways and infant and child ...
Blakelock R - - 1998
It is known that neonates with congenital abnormalities of the intestine tend to be growth-retarded. We wished to explore the hypothesis that normal fetal gut function is needed for normal growth in late gestation. If this is true, then different populations of babies with different congenital gut abnormalities would be ...
Al-Tawil K I - - 1998
Prognosis of congenital infantile cortical hyperostosis (Caffey's disease) is poor particularly in premature babies. Two cases are presented of congenital Caffey's disease in premature babies. The first baby was hydropic at birth and had cortical hyperostosis involving the mandible and long bones of right upper limb and both lower limbs. ...
Gordon N - - 1998
Many factors can affect a child's ability to learn, and these may operate before, during, and after birth. Some of these are considered, and are hopefully important, but not necessarily the most obvious. The intrauterine environment may not be so influential as the infant's genetic endowment, but nevertheless is of ...
Harris L S - - 1997
An anencephalic infant died in the Neonatal Intensive Care unit six hours after birth. Eighteen months later, in a discussion of intrusive federal "Baby Doe" regulations with co-workers at the hospital, a registered nurse mentioned that he had found a way to avoid these provisions, and that he had in ...
Bealer J F - - 1997
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Most babies born with idiopathic nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) suffer generalized cardiopulmonary collapse and die despite maximal medical therapy. With reported survival rates of less than 10%, many centers consider NIHF an unsalvageable situation and the babies who have this condition, untreatable. In this study, the authors questioned if ...
Wariyar U - - 1997
AIMS: To review the accuracy with which obstetric information on gestation is recorded in the neonatal records; and the reliability of the methods used for assessing gestational age after birth. METHODS: Service information on all babies born in 1989, and research information on all babies of < 32 weeks gestation ...
- - 1997
The Associated Press reports that on October 2 Indian Prime Minister Inder Kumar Gujral initiated a program to give 500 rupees ($14 U.S. +/-) to very poor families after the birth of a daughter. The Prime Minister's intent is to counteract the cultural factors that he says compel some Indian ...
Prakash U - - 1997
One hundred newborn babies were investigated for H-reflex latency (H-RL) in between 33 to 40 weeks (wk) of post-conceptional age (PCA). Weekly data of both preterms (33 to 36 wk PCA) and fullterms (37 to 40 wk PCA) were compared. A significant reduction in H-RL was noticed at 37 wk ...
Carrat X - - 1997
We report a case of total collapse of the upper pharyngeal airway in a slightly premature baby, resulting in a noisy breathing disorder. Primary immaturity of the central nervous system contributing to pharyngeal muscle hypotonia has been implicated in association with the increase in nasal pressure. The infant experienced complete ...
Cheepsattayakorn R - - 1997
A case of HDN caused by anti-E antibody is reported. A group A, E-positive, hemoglobin E trait female infant was born from a group A, E-negative, beta-thalassemia/hemoglobin E mother. Hyperbilirubinemia was noted at the first day of life. The DAT was positive. Anti-E was detected in the maternal serum. Jaundice ...
Carvalho J S - - 1997
The case of a baby born with severe nonimmune hydrops fetalis in whom endocardial fibroelastosis was a late finding is reported. Left ventricular dimensions and systolic function were normal at presentation. After recovery from the hydrops, at 2 months of age, a dilated, poorly contracting left ventricle was documented and ...
Tang W - - 1997
AIM: To observe changes in body composition during the first week after birth, in preterm neonates with and without respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), so as to be able to provide optimal fluid and energy intake. METHODS: Twenty four babies with RDS and 19 healthy preterm babies, with gestational ages ranging ...
Krishnan L - - 1997
461 consecutive inborn babies, delivered during the period September 1993-March 1994 were subjected to a microhematocrit assessment at 6 hours of age to determine the incidence of polycythemia. 47 babies (inborn and out born), admitted to the neonatal unit with confirmed polycythemia were studied for clinical and laboratory abnormalities. These ...
Sahin F - - 1997
AIMS: To compare the levels of conus medullaris in preterm and term neonates; to show the time of ascent to normal; and to evaluate the babies with low conus medullaris levels for tethered cord syndrome. METHODS: Levels were assessed using ultrasonography in 41 preterm and 64 term neonates. RESULTS: In ...
Sturm L A - - 1997
Tested for defensive attributional bias in mothers' causal explanations for infant (2-12.5 months) growth deficiency. Mothers of healthy babies (controls; n = 82), growth deficient babies without medical problems (n = 27) and growth deficient babies with mild medical problems (n = 22) rated their levels of agreement with 23 ...
Yong Y P - - 1997
AIM OF STUDY: To review the incidence, morbidity and mortality of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS). To identify possible predictors of MAS in newborns with thick meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) at delivery. METHODOLOGY: Case records of babies with MSAF delivered in Singapore General Hospital from 1.1.1991 to 31.12.1993 were studied retrospectively. ...
Chye J K - - 1997
Three cases of neonatal chylous ascites (CCA) were managed in the neonatal unit, University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, over the past 9 years. Fetal ascites and polyhydramnios were the sole abnormalities detected in all three babies by antenatal ultrasonography. They were born at 36 weeks' gestation and their birth weights ranged ...
Ferris H - - 1997
INTRODUCTION: We reviewed the incidence of early and late diagnosed CDH over a 13 yr period in a single maternity with a well established follow-up program and a stable population base. In March 1991, all newborn infants were nursed in the lateral or supine position, having previously been nursed prone. ...
Hevner R - - 1997
A premature male baby (28 weeks gestational age) was delivered by Cesarean section and required ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome during the first postnatal week. Four weeks postnatally, he had an episode of transient renal failure followed by lethargy leading to coma. Ultrasound changes were interpreted as intraventricular hemorrhage, grade ...
Dryden R - - 1997
A daily record was made of defects recognizable at birth or soon afterwards in 10,000 babies born consecutively at Port Moresby General Hospital, Papua New Guinea, between January 1985 and May 1986. The overall prevalence of birth defects in this series was 1.16%. All of the affected babies were singletons, ...
Tin W - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changing prognosis for babies of less than 28 weeks' gestation. DESIGN: A prospective, collaborative, population based survey. SETTING: The former Northern Regional Health Authority. SUBJECTS: All the births between 1983 and 1994 at 22 to 27 completed weeks' gestation to women normally resident in the region. ...
Goble R R - - 1997
A retrospective, hospital-records-based study of neonates screened for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) was undertaken to determine whether the inclusion criteria for screening could have been safely altered to reduce the numbers of babies screened whilst not missing any stage III disease. Babies from six neonatal intensive care units in Birmingham ...
Peretz B - - 1997
The purpose of the study was to investigate an association between maternal and/or fetal complications during pregnancy and/or delivery and the occurrence of baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) in the infant. The study population comprised 50 mothers of infants with BBTD (BBTD+ mothers): 50 mothers of aged-matched children with similar ...
Chen C K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The Baby Check Score System was developed for the measurement of severity of illness for infants less than six months of age. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical application of the system in Chinese infants. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out in 134 of ...
Blakelock R T - - 1997
A large proportion of babies with gastroschisis (GS) have low birth weights. It is not clear, however, whether only certain subgroups or the whole population of babies with GS have low birth weights. The aim of this study was to ascertain if the birth weights of babies with GS are ...
Andreitchouk A E - - 1996
We present a case of gestational choriocarcinoma that developed in a pregnant woman with metastases to her baby. In this case, severe anemia and hepatomegaly of the baby were noticed after delivery. Despite intensive treatments, the tumor progressed rapidly, and the baby died at the age of 38 days. Accurate ...
Rundle D - - 1996
This study investigated the effect of mother's country of origin and baby's birthplace on infant birth-weight. The mean birth-weights of full-term babies born of well immigrant women from 5 countries were compared with those of women of Anglo-Australian origin confined at the same hospital. Data were collected from medical records ...
Tawfeek H I - - 1996
Anthropometric measurements were done on 723 singleton Iraqi infants who were born consecutively in Baghdad Teaching Hospital. The results showed that the measurement of head circumference can be used to screen LBW babies. We suggest the use of this single measurement for practical field work by developing a tricoloured tape ...
Koh T H - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To compare the definitions of neonatal hypoglycaemia in textbooks and among paediatricians in 1992 with those used in 1986. METHODOLOGY: A questionnaire was sent to 420 neonatal paediatricians in the UK and to 88 Australian neonatal paediatricians in 1992 asking for their definition of hypoglycaemia in term babies and ...
Cobeljić M - - 1996
Over a 9-day period in February 1995, 16 newborn babies (age range 2-11 days) and 3 infants (24, 47 and 180 days of age) in a neonatal nursery ward developed diarrhoea accompanied by pyrexia and weight loss. Known enteropathogens were not detected in their stools but Escherichia coli displaying aggregative ...
- - 1996
BACKGROUND: Preterm babies are at risk of haemorrhagic and ischaemic brain injury. One controlled trial suggested that prophylactic fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) may reduce that risk but did not clarify whether the reduction in periventricular haemorrhage seen on ultrasonography was due to a haemostatic effect or stabilisation of intravascular volume by ...
Embleton N D - - 1996
It has been suggested that survival in babies with trisomy 18 may be better than previously recognised, and that cardiac surgery may be justified. A population based study spanning seven years in one English health region is presented. The fetal prevalence at 18 weeks was 1 in 4274 and birth ...
Lin S W - - 1996
An unusual case of hemolytic disease of the newborn caused by anti-M antibody is presented. Hyperbilirubinemia was noted in a full-term baby boy at 4 days of age. A total of 160 mL of M-positive packed red blood cells from the baby's father were transfused during the next 9 days ...
Tenenbein M - - 1996
AIM: To determine whether neonates born to mothers who are volatile substance abusers are at risk for an abstinence syndrome. METHODS: A consecutive sample of infants born to volatile substance abusing mothers was studied over four years, in a university affiliated medical centre with a variable mix of primary, secondary, ...
Fujita K - - 1996
The delivery of infants in hospitals is desirable for obstetric reasons, but exposes the neonates to the microbiological hazards of a maternity unit. When neonates are born and cared for in hospital, the Escherichia coli strains that colonize the intestine tend to be acquired from the environment or from other ...
Nzeh D A - - 1996
Seventy six pregnant women were examined by ultrasound (US) for prenatal determination of foetal gender. Results were compared with those of outcome at delivery. The range of gestational age (GA) at scan was 22-40 weeks (mean 35 +/- 4.0 weeks). Forty seven of the babies at birth were boys, while ...
Gupta V - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To find out the incidence, outcome as well as antenatal, intrapartum and neonatal attributes of meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Neonatal Unit of Hospital. SUBJECTS: 1426 live births occurring in 1500 consecutive deliveries, over one year period. INTERVENTIONS: In all babies born through MSAF, thorough ...
Hunter G - - 1996
Despite visits to two physicians and two hospitals within 4 days in September 1994, 7-week-old Madeleine Hunter died of flu-related dehydration. The coroner at an inquest into the baby's death said he had never seen a case in which so many things went wrong. The coroner's jury, which made 46 ...
Wisner K L - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated the dramatic increase in the rates of new episodes of psychiatric illness in postpartum women. Mother-Baby joint admission inpatient units serve the needs of women with psychiatric illness related to childbearing in other countries. Such units have been rare experiments in the United States. This ...
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