Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 794
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Avalos-Díaz E - - 2000
The association of maternal pemphigus foliaceus (PF) with neonatal PF is rare and may be secondary to transplacental passage of PF autoantibodies. We describe a 25-year-old patient with PF who was delivered of two consecutive babies, one with classic skin lesions of PF and another that was normal. The neonate ...
Ndyomugyenyi R - - 2000
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, which compared the effects of three interventions (weekly chloroquine prophylaxis, daily iron and weekly folic-acid supplementation, and case management of malaria) on congenital malaria, maternal haemoglobin (Hb) and foetal outcome, was conducted among primigravidae resident in Hoima district, Uganda. Among 473 babies examined at birth ...
Lee S - - 2000
AIM: To observe how the resonance frequency changes with the course of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), by examining the effect of changing static compliance on the resonance frequency in premature infants. METHODS: In 12 ventilated premature infants with RDS (mean gestational age 26.6 weeks, mean birth weight 0.84 kg), resonance ...
Agarwal N - - 2000
A 26-year-old, gravida 3 presented at 31 weeks of gestation with polyhydramnios. On ultrasound there was marked foetal ascitis with unilateral hydrocele. Patient delivered a 3.15 kg, large-for-date baby at 33 weeks and 3 days of gestation. On basis of clinical, radiological and sonographic features, diagnosis of meconium peritonitis was ...
Olowu J A - - 2000
Screening of 104 mother-baby pairs for P. falciparum malaria revealed that 29% of mothers from low socio-economic group and 11% of their babies had malaria parasitaemia. The corresponding figures for middle and high socio-economic groups were 15% and 7%, respectively. The parasite densities in the babies were not proportional to ...
Bunai Y - - 2000
A female driver, 24 weeks pregnant, was wearing a three-point seatbelt in the manner usual for nonpregnant women, when her automobile collided head-on with another vehicle. A cardiotocographic examination after the accident revealed the fetus to be alive. Five days after the accident, however, a cardiotocographic examination showed fetal death. ...
Mangano J J - - 2000
Radioactive strontium-90 concentrations in baby teeth obtained from Suffolk County, New York, rose steadily during the 1980s. Recent levels of strontium-90 are similar to those reported for babies born in the late 1950s-at the height of atmospheric nuclear weapons testing in Nevada. Strontium-90 concentrations increased concomitantly with increases in cancer ...
Sarkar N C - - 2000
The data on birth weight of 524 (male--287, female--237) live born singleton babies of Changlang have been subjected to analysis in relation to sex, mean birth weight and low birth weight (LBW). For the purpose of comparison, the present data were sub-divided into three categories--Tangsa Tribe (T.T.), Tribes excluding Tangsa ...
Haddad B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the outcome of infants who underwent successful resuscitation after initial Apgar scores of 0 at both 1 and 5 minutes. Study Design: Eligible infants were identified through the perinatal database at the University of Tennessee, Memphis. Hospital records and long-term outcomes, where available, of ...
Burunkaya M - - 2000
In this paper, a remote-controlled and microcontroller-based cradle is designed and constructed. This system is also called Remote Control of Microcontroller-Based Infant Stimulation System or the RECOMBIS System. Cradle is an infant stimulating system that provides relaxation and sleeping for the baby. RECOMBIS system is designed for healthy full-term newborns ...
Chen C C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We identify and discuss risk factors related to prolonged hospitalization, as compared with the average hospital stay (5.1 days) of normal delivery neonates throughout the last 10 years, associated with babies delivered unexpectedly in southern Taiwan. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series study; those babies delivered unexpectedly, including ...
Upadhyay S K - - 2000
Twenty-one full term appropriate for gestational age (FT-AGA), 18 full term small for gestational age (FT-SGA), 18 preterm appropriate for gestational age (PT-AGA) and 15 babies who suffered birth anoxia constituted study subjects. They were subjected to neurobehavioural assessment using Brazelton neurobehaviour assessment scale. FT-SGA babies performed significantly poorly on ...
Oswyn G - - 2000
We investigated the incidence and outcome of perinatal asphyxia (PA) at Port Moresby General Hospital by a retrospective chart review and prospective collection of data, spanning a total of 2.5 years. 125 babies weighing more than 2000 g at birth with a gestation of 34 weeks or more and with ...
Aly A F - - 2000
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the most frequent cause of infant death within the period of 2 to 12 months in western countries. It has been found that a suit similar to that worn by the astronauts during the execution of experiments on the Spacelab Mission D-2 is a ...
Oliver, Lawrence Tommy Victor
The incidence of Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies born in the Uitenhage Provincial Hospital would seem to be a cause of concern from a public health of view. The incidence of 21% recorded during 1999 is markedly higher than the 7% recorded in the United States of America in 1998 ...
Henderson C A - - 2000
As neonates have a high sebum production compared with 6-month-old babies, we wished to investigate the relationship of sebum production in mother and neonate. The sebum excretion rate (SER) was therefore measured in 10 mothers prenatally, and in each mother and baby as soon after birth as possible, and again ...
Reid M E - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The rare MNS antigen Or (MNS31) is sensitive to ficin, papain and sialidase, but partially resistant to trypsin (0.05%); the effect of alpha-chymotrypsin is not known. A point mutation, 204C --> T in exon 3 of GYPA, is associated with the Or+ phenotype. We report here the ...
Lian W B - - 2000
Micropenis is an important sign in congenital hypopituitarism and various disorders. Documented norms for penile length exist only for babies of Caucasian and Middle-Eastern origin. This study was carried out to establish such norms for Asian newborns. We studied 228 male live births within their first three days of life. ...
Start K - - 2000
Feedback from mothers using a "cross-cut" teat indicated its use for problem feeders, particularly "windy" or "colicky" babies. The manufacturer commissioned a trial to see whether this observation was clinically valid. A randomised controlled trial comparing the cross-cut teat with a standard single-hole teat was designed. Both teats were identical ...
Parmigiani S - - 2000
The main end-point of the study was to evaluate the normal values of reactive oxygen metabolites (ROMs) in healthy full-term babies. Secondary end-points were differences between groups related to modality of delivery, Apgar score, birth weight, gestational age and sex. All apparently healthy babies born at our institution between 8 ...
Halliday H L - - 2000
On the basis of evidence from non-randomised studies, it has been recommended that all babies born through thick meconium should have their tracheas intubated so that suctioning of their airways can be performed. The aim is to reduce the incidence and severity of meconium aspiration syndrome. However, for term babies ...
Alves J G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To identify if there is a relationship between some newborn variables (baby's sex, Apgar score, postnatal age, birth weight, birth length, and head circumference) and blood pressure (BP) in healthy term newborns. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was carried out to determine BP levels and a cutoff point ...
Rondó P H - - 1999
Anthropometric measurements were assessed in 434 Brazilian mother-baby pairs (263 appropriate-for-gestational-age [AGA] and 171 intrauterine growth-retarded [IUGR]) to compare their distribution and to evaluate associations in AGA and IUGR pairs. Mothers who delivered IUGR babies were thinner and shorter than mothers of AGA babies; the cut-off points of risk for ...
Bridge C - - 1999
Australian Aboriginal women have twice the number of still born babies as Australian non Aboriginal women and have babies who are five times more likely to die within the neonatal period. The perinatal mortality rate is three times higher and the infant mortality is more than five times the overall ...
Otieno P A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of growth and development of institutionalised infants and to compare the outcome with that of infants living with their biological mothers. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Seven children's homes; Kenyatta National Hospital's New Born Unit and Well Baby Clinics in Nairobi, Kenya. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two abandoned ...
Karunasekera K A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of neonatal septicaemia, and to identify risk factors, clinical presentations and causal organisms. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Neonatal Care Unit, University Paediatric Unit, Colombo North Teaching Hospital. SUBJECTS: Neonates admitted from January to December 1996 with clinical evidence of septicaemia. METHOD: Gestational age, birth ...
McIlvenny S - - 1999
The United Arab Emirates Survey of Immunisation Coverage by UNICEF in 1990 showed that the coverage for UAE infants up to one year of age was 60%. The objective of this study was to determine factors associated with attendance and immunisation uptake at a well-baby clinic. A birth cohort of ...
Chua K B - - 1999
A prospective study was carried out among pregnant women and their newborn babies in the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur from January 1996 to June 1997. The maternal cervical colonization rates of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Mycoplasma hominis (MH) were found to be 57.5% and 15.8% respectively while the isolation rates ...
Stern N B - - 1999
During her physical pregnancy, a mother also undergoes a psychological pregnancy in which she imagines her baby as having certain physical and intellectual attributes. Shortly after birth, a mother finds that her "imagined baby" encounters her "real baby"--a moment when her prepartum thoughts of an idealized baby may conflict with ...
Kumar R K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the neonatal postoperative course and morbidity for patients with gastroschisis who received cisapride with those who did not receive cisapride. STUDY DESIGN: Data were obtained by review of the medical records of all the patients with gastroschisis who were admitted to ...
Berthelot P - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To investigate an outbreak of Serratia marcescens in a maternity hospital (November 1994 to May 1995). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of epidemiological data and prospective study of systematic bacteriological samples from patients and environment, with genotyping of strains by arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction. SETTING: A private maternity hospital, Saint-Etienne, ...
Maza P L - - 1999
This article describes the early history of the "boarder baby" phenomenon through the late 1980s and early 1990s. The characteristics of the recent "boarder baby" population and of the problem are described with particular emphasis on the role of alcohol and drug abuse and the historical lack of coordination between ...
Chateil J F - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Perinatal hypoxic ischaemic injury is a significant cause of neurodevelopmental impairment. The aim of this study was to evaluate localised proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) after birth asphyxia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty newborn infants suspected of having perinatal asphyxia (Apgar score < 3) were studied. The mean gestational age ...
Gandemer V - - 1999
In a prospective study between 1993 and 1998, data was collected from 46 pregnant women and subsequently from their babies. 25 pregnant women with active autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura (AITP) or a history of AITP (group A) and 21 pregnant women with isolated thrombocytopenia and identification of specific platelet autoantibodies detected ...
Kaushik S - - 1999
During the study period there were 2063 live births. Of these 573 (27.8%) were low birth weight (LBW), 277 (13.4%) preterm and 148 (7.1%) small for date (SFD) babies. In all, 263 (12.7%) newborns suffered from one or the other morbidity. Birth asphyxia of varying severity developed in 130 (6.3%) ...
Turpeinen M - - 1999
Limited cooperation and low tidal volumes in infants make aerosol therapy difficult. We measured the amount of drug delivered from two baby spacer devices especially developed for use in infants. Designed as a randomized crossover study, aerolized budesonide from a pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI) was collected in the inspiratory ...
Das P K - - 1999
Out of 6319 live born babies, 310 (4.9%) with high risk factors and with clinical suspicion of sepsis were studied for incidence pattern of neonatal infections. Incidence of neonatal infection was 2.56% in normal weight babies and 8.42% in low birth weight babies. Total culture positivity was 48.38%. Klebsiella was ...
Al Takroni A M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence and outcome of meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) at Al-Yamamah Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, where meconium-stained babies have intrapartum obstetrical cleansing of the upper airways, following which depressed/asphyxiated babies are intubated and vigorous babies are observed for 24 h. METHOD: The total live births, records of ...
Dix J - - 1998
Two babies were smothered by their baby-sitter. The deaths happened 4 years apart. The baby-sitter was convicted based on a confession, not on the findings at autopsy. These cases illustrate the difficulty in distinguishing SIDS from suffocation homicide.
Gill J - - 1998
A survey of selective neonatal BCG immunisation in Bolton in 1993 showed that only 6% of babies in the defined risk groups received BCG. Community medical officers at that time were responsible for administering the BCG. Midwives were trained to take on this role. In 1994, 88% of babies in ...
Kim H Y - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to analyze the fundus findings and associated abnormalities in full-term babies with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)-mimicking retinopathy. In twenty-seven such babies suffering from this condition, retinal findings were retrospectively analyzed. These babies were not premature and had not required supplementary oxygen; there was no ...
Davies P S - - 1998
Current international recommendations for energy requirements are based on >9000 measurements of energy intake in both breast- and formula-fed infants. The measurement of energy intake in babies is far from straightforward and the possibility of significant error is great. The opportunity now exists, however, to compare current recommendations with measurements ...
Ramet J - - 1998
An intravascular access line for the administration of life support drugs and volume expanders may be particularly difficult, especially in very small premature babies. We report on the successful use of an intraosseous accessline in an 800 grams preterm infant for the administration of drugs and fluid. The use and ...
Kumar R K - - 1998
Congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is widely believed to be uncommon in premature infants, and is known to present after the corrected age for a 'term baby'. This cautionary tale highlights the fact that this condition can occur in a premature infant (and may present) in an atypical way well before ...
Chua K B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A prospective study was carried out at the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur to determine the cervical carriage rate of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis among healthy pregnant women at delivery and the incidence of nasopharyngeal colonisation among their infants. PATIENTS: Sixty mother and baby pairs were examined. RESULTS: Cervical ...
Bloom K C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine the perceived relationship with the father of the baby and maternal attachment in pregnant adolescents. DESIGN: Exploratory, longitudinal, using a convenience sample. SETTING: Four antepartum clinics for low-income women. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-nine adolescents, ages 12-19 years, < 20 weeks gestation; follow-up assessments at 20-29 weeks (n = 64), ...
Ehigiegba A E - - 1998
One hundred and ninety two postnatal women and ninety five newly born baby girls were prospectively investigated at the six weeks postnatal clinic of the department of obstetrics and gynaecology of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria between January 1, 1996 and April 30, 1996. Circumcision was ...
Wheeler T - - 1998
Fingerprint whorl patterns are formed during fetal life. In a group of 180 term infants, those with more fingerprint whorls tended to have a small abdominal circumference (P = 0.09) and high ratio of head to abdominal circumference (P = 0.008). These associations were independent of the relation between the ...
Batton D G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to evaluate the impact of fetal compromise on the outcome of borderline viable babies. STUDY DESIGN: All 142 babies born in our hospital from 1990 to 1995 with a gestational age of 23 to 25 weeks were included. Fetal compromise was considered present if one of ...
Dumaret A C - - 1998
Recently, professionals in France have noticed an increase in newborns with Down syndrome (DS) being placed for adoption. The aim of this study was to investigate DS babies given up at birth for adoption and to consider the possible determinants of this in order to assess social acceptance of DS. ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >