Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 800
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Fok T F - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To provide a database of the auricular measurements of Chinese infants born in Hong Kong. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 2384 healthy singleton, born consecutively at the Prince of Wales Hospital and the Union Hospital from October 1998 to September 2000, were included ...
Rawstron Sarah A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Congenital syphilis (CS) is a result of untreated or inadequately treated maternal syphilis. CS is more likely with early stages of maternal syphilis, but most mothers lack signs or symptoms and the risk of CS is unclear. GOAL: The goal of this study was to evaluate Treponema pallidum IgM ...
Chowdhary S K - - 2004
A high divided sigmoid colostomy has been recommended for staged management of high anorectal malformation. We audited our cases of neonatal colostomy for high anorectal malformation to assess its effectiveness. A retrospective study was carried out of all surgical newborns admitted with high imperforate anus as the single diagnosis at ...
Jeannette Crenshaw - - 2004
In this position paper-one of six care practice papers published by Lamaze International and reprinted here with permission-the value of keeping mothers and their babies together from the moment of birth is discussed and presented as an evidenced-based practice that helps promote, protect, and support normal birth. The paper is ...
Boffa M C - - 2004
This prospective multicentric register was initiated by the European Forum of Antiphospholipid Antibodies (APL) in 2003 after approval by local ethic committees. This register allows the investigation of infants after written informed parental consent. It collects mothers' clinical pattern of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), course and outcome of pregnancy, treatment and ...
Frosali Simona - - 2004
We previously demonstrated a high susceptibility of neonatal red blood cells (RBC) to oxidative stress at birth. The aim of this study was to compare the RBC antioxidant capacity and redox cycle enzyme activities as well as glutathione (GSH) recycling in full-term and preterm infants at birth and in normal ...
Buist A - - 2004
This article reviews the women admitted to Mother Baby Psychiatric Units in 2002, in the State of Victoria, Australia, looking at characteristics of postpartum disorders with respect to admission and outcome in a region with a high number of mother-baby unit beds relative to other Australian regions and other cities. ...
Arinola O G - - 2003
Newborn babies face higher risk of infection than adults, but the immunological basis of this observation is yet to be fully explained particularly in babies of different gestations and birth weights. Sixty-two (62) adults, 55 full-term babies, 18 low birth weight babies and 44 normal birth weight babies were considered ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2003
The present study was designed to ascertain the maternal and neonatal profile and immediate outcome of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) babies at a Level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Case records of ELBW inborn babies delivered between August 2000 and August 2001 were analyzed by using a preset ...
Martin T C - - 2003
The prevalence of obstetric, perinatal and neonatal complications associated with fetal macrosomia at Holberton Hospital in Antigua and Barbuda was assessed by a retrospective, case-control study. All babies of birthweight (BW) greater than 4.5 kg born between July 1991 and January 1997 and all babies with BW greater than 4.0 ...
Fok T F - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To provide a database of the craniofacial measurements of Chinese infants born in Hong Kong. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 2371 healthy singleton, born consecutively at the Prince of Wales Hospital and the Union Hospital from June 1998 to June 2000, were included ...
Moss S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography is an investigation that is being used increasingly on the neonatal unit. There is some controversy as to whether this service can be provided safely and effectively by neonatologists or whether it should only be performed by paediatric cardiologists. AIMS: To describe (a) the indications for an echocardiogram, ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to explore the associations of placenta previa with preterm delivery, growth restriction, and neonatal survival. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was performed of live births in the United States (1989-1991 and 1995-1997) that used the national linked birth/infant death records from 22,368,235 ...
Mohapatra Arjit - - 2003
Although rickets in premature newborns is known to occur, term babies presenting at birth is uncommon. We report a term baby born to a mother with osteomalacia, and presented at birth with signs of florid rickets which was confirmed biochemically. After 4 weeks of treatment, radiological signs of healing were ...
Farrer K F M - - 2003
AIM: To show that, given appropriate guidelines, senior house officers (SHOs) have the clinical skills required to assess neonatal murmurs. METHODS: Neonatal SHOs identified babies with a cardiac murmur at routine neonatal examination. The SHOs assessed whether the murmur was significant or innocent and decided between immediate further assessment or ...
Kaye D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Many perinatal deaths follow birth asphyxia that occurs in newborn babies of women who are referred on developing life-threatening obstetric complications. OBJECTIVE: To determine the antenatal and intrapartum risk factors for severe birth asphyxia among babies delivered by women admitted as emergency obstetric referrals. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Mulago ...
Ali Z - - 2003
This retrospective study was undertaken to determine the incidence of acute respiratory disorders (ARD) in newborns delivered at the Mount Hope Women's Hospital (MHWH) from January 1 to December 31, 1994. The study also examined the relationships between incidence rate of ARD and maternal and neonatal parameters. Hyaline membrane disease ...
Yajnik C S CS King Edward Memorial Hospital, Rasta Peth, Pune, India. - - 2003
To examine body size and fat measurements of babies born in rural India and compare them with white Caucasian babies born in an industrialised country. Community-based observational study in rural India, and comparison with data from an earlier study in the UK, measured using similar methods. A total of 631 ...
Jones M D - - 2003
An unconscious 8 weeks old infant was admitted to hospital and found to have bilateral, subdural and retinal haemorrhages. He died the following day. The explanation for the subdural haemorrhage put forward by his carers was that the infant had been in a baby-rocker and that the carers had seen ...
Ondoa-Onama C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia contributes significantly to perinatal morbidity and mortality especially in resource poor countries. Although the Apgar score has been in use for over 50 years, the prevalence of low Apgar score and attendant risk factors and outcome have not been established in many sub-Saharan countries including Uganda. OBJECTIVE: ...
Busby G - - 2002
This retrospective study examined the records of 44 mothers and 44 babies with a positive blood VDRL test and/or who showed symptoms of congenital syphilis at the Mount Hope Women's Hospital (MHWH), Trinidad, between June 1, 1996 and September 30, 1998. Long bone radiographs of 40/44 (91%) babies were assessed ...
Burrows Patricia - - 2002
Baby walkers have been a source of considerable controversy. Some people suggest developmental benefit from their use while others focus on the potential harm that stems from accidents and even suggest developmental delay. This mini-review aimed to determine if use of a baby walker delays affects the onset of walking. ...
Wasunna A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the morbidity and outcome of low birthweight babies (birthweight < 2000 gm) of adolescent (age < 20 years) and older mothers. DESIGN: Cross sectional descriptive study. SETTING: The newborn Unit of the Kenyatta National Hospital. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: All babies weighing less than 2000 gm at birth ...
Kumar Rajesh - - 2002
Management of neonatal jaundice is simple but in sick, very low birth weight babies poses additional hemodynamic insult. Role of prophylactic postnatal phenobarbitone (two different dosage regimens) was evaluated prospectively on occurrence of neonatal jaundice and the need for therapy in 150 babies with birth weight 1000-1499 grams. Phenobarbitone in ...
Tin Win - - 2002
A small landmark trial in 1952 showed that excess oxygen use might well be causing a major epidemic of retinal blindness in preterm babies. That a single study of just 65 babies was enough to throw doubt on a long-standing treatment strategy revealed just how powerful a tool the randomized ...
Richmond S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of routine measurement of postductal oxygen saturation as an adjunct to routine clinical examination in the asymptomatic newborn. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study in a district general hospital. PATIENTS: All 6166 infants inborn between 1 April 1999 and 31 March 2001. INTERVENTION: Oxygen saturation was ...
Aliefendio─člu Didem - - 2002
The aim of this study is to determine whether circulating levels of sICAM-1 were changed in infants of preeclamptic mothers, and factors influencing these levels. Peripheral venous blood samples were obtained from preeclamptic and nonpreeclamptic pregnant women (control) and their babies in the first 2 hours post partum. The enzyme-linked ...
el Fakahany Amany F - - 2002
ELISA IgG, IgM antibodies and PCR for toxoplasmosis were performed on 55 women with complicated gestation and their babies. Besides, ELISA IgG and IgM were applied on 27 uncomplicated gestation (mothers & babies) and 152 randomly selected individuals. Seropositivity to specific IgG antibodies was 36.4%, 59.2% and 57.9% and for ...
Bache Christopher E - - 2002
The relationship between ultrasonographic findings at birth and risk factors for developmental dysplasia of the hip have not been prospectively evaluated. Since implementing a routine screening programme for all new-born babies in 1989 we have collected 48 000 sets of data, including family history, birth presentation, mode of delivery and ...
Romagnoli C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of moderately early postnatal dexamethasone treatment on growth and neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants. METHODS: Thirty preterm infants enrolled in a randomised clinical trial to investigate the effectiveness of moderately early dexamethasone administration in the treatment of chronic lung disease were routinely followed up. Fifteen ...
Adeodu O O - - 2002
Serial anthropometry and assay of plasma iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) were done on 72 babies with birth asphyxia during the first six months of life to assess the pattern of their physical growth and trace element status, respectively. Eighty-seven non-asphyxiated babies served as controls. The mothers of ...
Chetwynd Ellen M - - 2002
This case report illustrates the difficulties inherent in treating candidal mastitis in lactating women and concurrent thrush in the breastfeeding baby. This mother's candidiasis vacillated from topical to ductal, depending on which medications were being used over the course of several months. Her baby's oral thrush was unique in that ...
Suri Sachin - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The results of neonatal surgery in the Western world have rapidly improved over the past three decades. Early nutrition support is thought to be one of the key factors. We used transgastric, transanastomotic feeding jejunostomy tubes in every infant undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery when the expected period of fasting ...
Downes A J - - 2002
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of petechial spots in well babies. METHODS: A total of 116 babies under the age of 12 months were fully examined at child health surveillance clinics. The number and site of petechiae were recorded together with details of possible causes. RESULTS: A total of 27.6% ...
Mahapatra A K - - 2002
A 4-day-old baby was admitted with a large posterior fontanelle encephalocele. The baby was the third child of a consanguineous marriage. Two older siblings, 5 and 3 years old, were normal. The baby had a small head with a circumference of 30 cm only and an encephalocele with a circumference ...
Doyle Wendy - - 2002
The UK has the same incidence of low birth weight babies as Romania--7% of all births. The incidence is higher in deprived areas. In Hackney, east London, 10% of babies are below 2.5 kg at birth. Infant mortality is higher in smaller babies and they are more likely to be ...
Ameh E A - - 2001
In a 10-year retrospective review of 15 newborns aged < or = 42 days presenting with Hirschsprung's disease, there were 12 boys and three girls aged 4-42 days (median 18 days). Twelve babies presented with complete intestinal obstruction. In 12 babies, there was a history of delayed passage of meconium ...
Schock B C - - 2001
There is evidence that oxidative stress plays a role in the development of chronic lung disease (CLD), with immature lungs being particularly sensitive to the injurious effect of oxygen and mechanical ventilation. We analyzed total ascorbate, urate, and protein carbonyls in 102 bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples from 38 babies (33 ...
Knight D B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: National Women's Hospital is one of two hospitals to report a destructive brain lesion, namely encephaloclastic porencephaly (ECPE), in extremely preterm infants. It has been associated with non-cephalic presentation, early hypotension and the number of chest physiotherapy treatments in the first month. The aim of the present study was ...
Jiang Z D ZD Department of Paediatrics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK. - - 2001
Seventy preterm babies who were born with a birthweight <1500 g were studied with brainstem auditory evoked responses (BAER) at 37-42 wk of postconceptional age. The data were compared with those of normal term neonates to determine the prevalence of hearing impairment in preterm very low birthweight (VLBW) babies when ...
Hurst I - - 2001
In this prospective, critical ethnographic study using a total of 448 hours of participant observations incorporating in-depth interviews, the author explored with 12 mothers of premature babies their descriptions and interpretations of their own needs in a tertiary-level newborn nursery (NICU) and their actions to address these needs. In the ...
Bartocci M - - 2001
Newborn infants in intensive care units are exposed to several unfamiliar smells, mostly related to the nosocomial environment. How the preterm baby perceives these olfactory stimulations remains unclear. Near-infrared spectroscopy can be performed noninvasively above the olfactory cortex to monitor changes of cerebral blood flow as an indicator of cortical ...
Al-Khatib G R - - 2001
Maltodextrins are a group of oligosaccharides, which are being increasingly used as a source of carbohydrate in many commercially available foods and drinks. This study investigated the effect of three different maltodextrins on the pH of dental plaque, in vivo, in 10 adult volunteers using the plaque harvesting method. The ...
Gupta R - - 2001
An observational prospective study reported that newborn babies with Down syndrome (DS) had short upper limbs that reach up to their pelvis. The shortening was most marked in the forearm (the middle segment of the upper limb) and this relative shortening resulted in an alteration of the proximal to middle ...
Mikulandra F - - 2001
The study included 1,596 newborns and their parents living in Sibenik County, Croatia. All newborns are born between 37 and 42 weeks of gestation, with no congenital anomalies and from a single pregnancy. Fathers and mothers of male babies are older than those of girl babies (p < 0.01). Mean ...
Pinon J M - - 2001
In a study involving 14 laboratories supported by the European Community Biomed 2 program, we evaluated immunologic methods for the postnatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis (CT). Among babies born to mothers who seroconverted to positivity for toxoplasmosis during pregnancy, we analyzed 55 babies with CT on the basis of persistent ...
Oei J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Concern regarding parental capacity to manage their infant's drug withdrawal traditionally leads to prolonged hospitalization for both mother and infant. This study examines the impact of a multidisciplinary follow-up clinic for infants discharged home on morphine. METHODOLOGY: Records of full-term infants born to mothers with narcotic dependency were reviewed ...
Pruksananonda C - - 2001
A number of concerns have been raised about children conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In this study, 75 babies in the King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital ICSI programme were determined during pediatric follow-up to assess the growth, development and congenital malformations from April 1997 to December 2000. Male to female ...
Etuk S J - - 2001
Babies of booked women who delivered in unorthodox health facilities in Calabar, Nigeria were studied. The aims were to determine the relative risk of birth asphyxia in these babies and to find out the management of birth asphyxia in these unorthodox delivery centres. The incidence (14.3%) of birth asphyxia in ...
Heuchan A M - - 2001
Zoster immunoglobulin (ZIG) should be offered to pregnant, varicella-seronegative women with significant exposure to varicella-zoster virus (VZV) (chickenpox) infection. Oral aciclovir prophylaxis should be considered for susceptible pregnant women exposed to VZV who did not receive ZIG or have risk factors for severe disease. Intravenous aciclovir should be given to ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >