Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 800
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Jiang Ze D - - 2005
Functional integrity of the auditory brainstem was studied at term in babies born at 30-36 wk of gestation using maximum length sequence brainstem auditory evoked response (MLS BAER). Compared with normal term babies, preterm babies who had perinatal complications showed a tendency of an increase in wave V latency and ...
Harding S S MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2006
In preliminary data in Portugal, we found that African babies of migrant mothers were heavier than White Portuguese babies born in Lisbon. We investigate whether this pattern is replicated in the national data, and in addition the trends in birth weight in these groups. Births registered between 1995 and 2002 ...
Qureshi Ambrina - - 2005
Pre-term delivery of low-birth-weight (PLBW) babies is considered a major peri-natal problem in many countries and is contributing substantially to infant mortality and to childhood handicap. There is a reported incidence of pre-term delivery of low-birth-weight (PLBW) babies of 37% of all live births in Pakistan, which has a tremendous ...
Enarson P M - - 2005
The group of children with the highest mortality from pneumonia is the group aged 8 weeks and younger. This group of infants is more likely to present with non-specific signs of disease, and the pneumonia is caused by a wider spectrum of organisms. For these reasons, infants aged < or ...
Gkoritsa Eleni - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The medial olivocochlear bundle, forms a neural pathway connecting the superior olivary complex to the outer hair cells of mainly the contralateral cochlea. Although the biological significance of the bundle remains ambiguous, it is clear that activation of medial olivocochlear fibers alters cochlear output and this can be experimentally ...
Mildenhall L F J - - 2006
To determine if exposure to more than one course of antenatal glucocorticoids is associated with changes in infant blood pressure and myocardial wall thickness in the first month after birth. Prospective cohort study. Tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Mothers who were eligible for but declined to enter a randomised trial ...
Sankaranarayanan K - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Oil massage for newborns is reported to improve weight gain by better thermoregulation. A role for transcutaneous absorption has also been suggested. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to compare the effect of massage with coconut oil versus mineral oil and placebo (powder) on growth velocity and neuro-behavior ...
Calvert J K - - 2006
To determine the outcome of antenatally suspected congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung (CCAM) over a 10 year period. This is a retrospective study of all babies diagnosed antenatally in the Prenatal Diagnosis Unit and delivered in Oxford between 1991 and 2001. Data were obtained from the Oxford Congenital ...
Kopelman Loretta M - - 2005
Two incompatible policies exist for guiding medical decisions for extremely premature, sick, or terminally ill infants, the Best Interests Standard and the newer, 20-year old "Baby Doe" Rules. The background, including why there were two sets of Baby Doe Rules, and their differences with the Best Interests Standard, are illustrated. ...
Mertens Sarah - - 2005
A heightened awareness of infant security issues surfaced in the 1990s, driven by attempted and successful infant abductions. During that time, many hospitals began implementing policies, procedures, and staff training to protect the babies in their care. In addition, high-profile hospitals began investing in infant security systems as a technological ...
Palumbi Stephen R - - 2005
An international team has used molecular genetics and chemical tagging to trace how baby clownfish travel from their mother's nest through the ocean to the anemone they will live on. More than one out of five juveniles came from nests that were only meters away, despite spending over a week ...
Maizel S - - 2005
The Jerusalem mother and baby unit (MBU) is influenced by the psychoanalytical orientation of the staff, and the historical and cultural conditions surrounding the unit. Forty-three patients with 44 babies (one set of twins) were admitted in 13 years, a rate of admission far from the theoretical demand. Schizophrenia, schizoaffective ...
Svensson Kristin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In 1989 the World Health Organization and UNICEF introduced the "Ten Steps" for successful breastfeeding. One step suggests that a mother and her newborn baby should remain together day and night during the hospital stay. The purpose of this study was to investigate, first, whether or not mothers in ...
Varughese Sara - - 2005
PURPOSE: The refractive status of premature infants is not well studied. This study was done to find the norms of refractive error in newborns at different gestational ages. METHODS: One thousand two hundred three (1203) eyes were examined for refractive error by streak retinoscopy within the first week of life ...
Kaushal M - - 2005
AIM: The value of polythene film ('cling wrap') to improve thermal control and reduce postnatal weight loss in preterm, very low-birthweight babies was investigated. METHODS: Consecutively born babies with birthweights between 750 and 1500 g were stratified by birthweight (<1250 g, 1251-1500 g) and randomised either to the cling wrap ...
Akram Dure Samin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ratio of disproportionate versus proportionate Intra uterine growth retardation among low birth weight babies using the Ponderal index. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Medical records of babies with weight < 2.5kg delivered in the Obstetric Department were reviewed. The ponderal index was calculated to determine ...
Troxell Heather - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project was to develop educational materials for a Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program intervention in Denver, Colorado. Despite accumulating evidence of the importance of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) during pregnancy, there has been no attempt to develop a targeted nutrition ...
Krishnaveni G V - - 2005
Muscle-thin but adipose ('thin-fat') body composition of south Asian adults contributes to their high risk of type 2 diabetes. Studies in Pune, India showed that this phenotype is present at birth. We aimed to determine if south Indian babies have a 'thin-fat' phenotype and if this persists in childhood. Prospective ...
Johnston Trisha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The perinatal mortality rate among Indigenous Australians is still double that of the rest of the community. The aim of our study was to estimate the extent to which increased risk of low birthweight and preterm birth among Indigenous babies in Queensland account for their continuing mortality excess. If ...
Yehuda Rachel - - 2005
CONTEXT: Reduced cortisol levels have been linked with vulnerability to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the risk factor of parental PTSD in adult offspring of Holocaust survivors. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report on the relationship between maternal PTSD symptoms and salivary cortisol levels in infants of ...
Shah G S - - 2005
Birth asphyxia is one of the common causes of mortality and morbidity in neonates and the incidence is 2-9 per 1,000 live borns. The present work is a retrospective hospital based observational study. Babies born at B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal during the period from April 2002 ...
Khachemoune Amor - - 2005
An 11-month-old baby girl came to the clinic with a pruritic rash. The rash initially appeared in her popliteal fossa 2 weeks before the visit. The eruption extended to the right leg, arm, and flank the week before the visit, subsequently spreading to the contralateral flank. Three weeks before to ...
Katumba-Lunyenya J - - 2005
A mother, newly found to be positive for HIV, delivered her first baby at 25 weeks gestation. The infant initially did well in spite of a symptomatic patent duct and a severe intraventricular haemorrhage, but became severely unwell needing further respiratory support on day 18. Acid fast bacilli were found ...
Williamson Amanda - - 2005
The objective of the pilot study was to test the appropriateness of an audit tool developed to determine the clinical effectiveness of midwives carrying out neonatal examination of the newborn. The audit was undertaken by reviewing retrospective data, collected from midwives' personal clinical records of neonates and the case records ...
Arlettaz Romaine - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyze the neonatal impact of a methadone maintenance program in pregnancy, and the social resources of the families involved. METHODS: Descriptive analysis of neonatal data in live births after 24 weeks of gestation in pregnant women enrolled in a methadone maintenance program. ...
Chen Chin-Shyan - - 2005
We compared hospital-born infants and well-baby care use associated with complete immunizations in Taiwan before and after institution of National Health Insurance (NHI). We used logistic regression to analyze data from 1989 and 1996 National Maternal and Infant Health Surveys of 1398 and 3185 1-year-old infants, respectively. Infants born in ...
Prakash U - - 2005
Birth hypoxia is detrimental to neuronal function. In this study, its effect on spinal monosynaptic reflex was investigated on two different age groups of human newborn babies using few non-invasive electrophysiological parameters. A total of 57 newborns (25 hypoxic + 32 non-hypoxic) were the study subject. Out of which, 31 ...
Moskowitz Sally - - 2005
A patient's unconscious fantasy of being her mother's dead baby emerged during the course of a long analysis, and was understood as her expression and explanation, constructed and elaborated throughout her development, of a fundamental and formative early infant state and experience. This patient's identification with a baby who had ...
Lilley C D - - 2005
This study reports for the first time the use of a respiratory function monitor in a prospective observational cohort of ventilated babies during transport. All 17 babies achieved target transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension within 15 minutes. Fifteen babies had improved ventilation with changes guided by the respiratory function monitor. The ...
Ameh E A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Fournier's gangrene is uncommon in childhood and little is known about the disease in this age group. METHOD: A retrospective review was carried out of neonates and infants treated for Fournier's gangrene over a period of 16 years. RESULTS: Twelve neonates and infants aged 5 days-3 months (median 3 ...
Corrêa Filho Laurista - - 2004
The new scientific knowledge about the behaviour of the newborn and their interactions as a developing factor, as well as the new neurosciences findings about the initial brain formation, gave us several elements for a new vision and reflection about the perinatal routines in hospitals. This study raises questions about ...
Greisen Gorm - - 2004
The issue of how to treat extremely premature infants has been debated several times in Denmark, and the option of withholding intensive care has received considerable support. Accordingly, a conservative, minimally invasive approach is used, with selective use of resuscitation in the delivery room, early nasal continuous positive airway pressure, ...
Olowu, AO; Department of ...
Deaths from vaccine-preventable diseases continue to contribute significantly to infant mortality, hence the global drive against their eradication, especially neonatal tetanus and poliomyelitis. This study set out to evaluate the level of awareness and utilization of childhood and maternal tetanus and childhood immunisation programmes at a Primary Health Centre, Atelowo ...
Bryanton Janet - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare selected effects of tub bathing versus traditional sponge bathing in healthy, term newborns and their mothers' ratings of pleasure and confidence with the bath. DESIGN: Randomized controlled study. SETTING: The maternity unit of an eastern Canadian hospital. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred two mother-baby pairs were randomly assigned to ...
White Madeleine P - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine a normal range for urinary citrate for term babies. (2) To compare urinary citrate measured in ex preterm babies at term with this normal range. (3) To evaluate whether urinary citrate was related to presence of nephrocalcinosis (NC) and chronic Lung Disease (CLD) in these ex ...
Gupta Ved P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Improved survival of low birth weight, premature babies have increased the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity. This hospital-based, prospective, study was undertaken to determine its incidence and risk factors in our neonatal unit. METHODS: Neonates with gestational age < or = 35 weeks and/or birth weight < or = ...
McCowan Lesley - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There are significant differences in mean birthweights between New Zealand's main ethnic groups. Birthweight centiles developed predominantly from babies of European ethnicity may therefore not be appropriate to classify babies from other ethnic groups. AIMS: To develop ethnic specific birthweight centiles for New Zealand babies delivered at term (>37 ...
Ray A K - - 2004
A pair of female thoraco-omphalopagus twins, with two pairs of lungs, common diaphragm and separate pleural cavities was separated at the age of 5(1/2) months after a parasitic relationship had developed between them. Before separation both the babies developed recurrent respiratory tract infection and frequent diarrhea. They were treated with ...
McConnachie Alex - - 2004
Severity of illness, sociodemographic factors, and breastfeeding have been identified as predictors of consultation rates in infants, and prescriptions for antibiotics have been found to increase future consultation rates in older children. The Baby Check trial (1996-1998) provided detailed information about consultations for 935 babies during their first 6 months. ...
Cinar Dede Nursan - - 2004
A powerful reflex of the infant in the weeks following birth is sucking. Breastfed babies benefit from both the nutrition in mother's milk and the satisfaction of their sucking instinct. Babies that can not be breastfed due to various reasons may satisfy their sucking instinct by using pacifiers. Pacifier use ...
Libby Gillian - - 2004
The Walker cohort is a database of over 48,000 birth records that has recently become available. It contains meticulously recorded details of pregnancy, labour, birth and care before discharge for babies born in hospital in Dundee, Scotland between 1952 and 1966. These babies accounted for 75% of all births in ...
Betterle C - - 2004
We describe the case of a baby born to a mother with Addison's disease in the context of Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 2. Adrenal cortex autoantibodies and steroid 21-hydroxylase autoantibodies were detectable in the sera of both mother and baby, suggesting the transplacental passage of these autoantibodies. Adrenal autoantibodies were ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2004
We studied the maternal and neonatal profile and outcome of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) babies at the level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Delhi. Case records of ELBW inborn babies delivered between August 2000 and August 2001 were analysed by using a pre-set proforma. A total of ...
Snir M - - 2004
To compare refraction and keratometry readings between premature and term babies at 40 weeks' postconceptional age (PCA), and the possible effect of birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) on ocular parameters. 33 preterm babies hospitalised in the neonatal unit between January and March 2002 were matched with 33 term ...
Chalapathi G - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to determine the major factors influencing the survival of babies with anorectal malformation (ARM) during the primary management in the neonatal period in a tertiary referral center. The outcome of 125 neonates with ARM, treated in a single hospital during a 2-year period, was ...
Mohyeddin Bonab M A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The number of nucleated cells (NCs) infused into the recipient is highly correlated with the probability and speed of cord blood (CB) HPC trans-plantation, therefore it is necessary to obtain CB units with sufficient NCs. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: 190 CB units were collected from normal vaginal and caesarian ...
Liu Ming-Hui - - 2004
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency of oral abnormalities in newborns in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. METHODS: Study subjects were neonates born at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between January 2000 and April 2000 (inclusive). All subjects were examined within 3 days of birth. ...
Townsend J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the implications and cost-effectiveness of extending the role of midwives to include the routine (24-hour) examination of the healthy newborn usually carried out by junior doctors. DESIGN: The study included a prospective randomised controlled trial (RCT) with mother and baby dyads randomised to either senior house officer ...
Worku Bogale - - 2004
All preterm babies admitted to the neonatal unit of Tikur Anbessa Hospital (TAH) Addis Ababa from November 2000 to November 2001 were followed until discharge or death. There were 298 babies with birth weight of less than 2000 gm and Gestational age of less than 36 weeks. 56 babies died ...
Basu R - - 2004
The aim of this study was to determine whether babies with small bowel atresia (SBA) diagnosed antenatally followed a different course from those diagnosed postnatally. We reviewed the records of neonates admitted to a single institution between 1985 and 2000 with a diagnosis of SBA. Thirty-nine neonates presented with SBA, ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >