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Weisleder Pedro - - 2007
The Baby Doe rules, a set of federal regulations on the treatment of extremely ill infants, went into effect in 1985. Some scholars have argued that these rules are inappropriate given that they fail to pay attention to the patient's suffering. Instead, researchers suggest that, when dealing with a severely ...
Wall-Scheffler C M - - 2007
Among the costs of reproduction, carrying one's infant incurs one of the greatest drains on maternal energy, simply because of the added mass alone. Because of the dearth of archaeological evidence, however, how early bipeds dealt with the additional cost of having to carry infants who were less able to ...
Almeida-Basso Ana Maria L B - - 2007
Our aim was to evaluate the acquisition of neuropsychomotor development marks in small for gestational age infants during the first six months of life. A non-controlled cross-section study with thirty full-term newborn small for gestational age infants was performed in a University Hospital in the Southern region of Brazil. These ...
Graham Simon - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether remoteness category of residence of Indigenous women affects the perinatal outcomes of their newborn infants. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A population-based study of 35 240 mothers identified as Indigenous and their 35 658 babies included in the National Perinatal Data Collection in 2001-2004. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Australian ...
Liao C-H - - 2007
The inhibitory effect of fresh peeled baby carrot and associated microflora on the viability and growth of Listeria monocytogenes, Yersinia enterocolitica, Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Pseudomonas marginalis was investigated. The population of viable L. monocytogenes was reduced by more than 2 logs following the dipping of sliced baby ...
Hancock Heather - - 2007
Low birth weight in Aboriginal babies has become a persistent quandary as their average birth weight continues to be lower than that of non-Aboriginal babies. Arguments, reviews and research abound to explain this difference which is deemed unacceptable and needing resolution. A précis review of current theories and findings around ...
Al-Sayed Moeen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report on the first live birth of a normal child after performance of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for Zellweger syndrome (ZS). DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Tertiary-care hospital. PATIENT(S): A family with four children diagnosed with ZS, who were all born at term and who expired around 4 months ...
Bridges Nicole - - 2007
Despite the fact that human milk is the ideal food for human babies, many Australian babies are still weaned sooner than the World Health Organization guidelines recommend. Australian mothers want to breastfeed--and initially do so. However, there is a rapid decline in the percentage of babies being offered breastmilk as ...
Harit D - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To compare the lipid profiles of exclusively breastfed and mixed-fed term healthy infants in the first 6 months of life. DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. SETTING: Study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital. SUBJECTS: Four hundred consecutive term healthy infants, 200 on exclusive breastfeeding (group 1) and 200 ...
Mohamed Jallouli - - 2007
There are few publications about urolithiasis of the new born baby and infant (UNI). The UNI represents 20% of the pediatric urolithiasis. The etiologies in this age group are chiefly dominated by the urinary-tract infections and metabolic abnormalities. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the epidemiological and clinical ...
Madlon-Kay Diane J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: the Assessment Tool for Lingual Frenulum Function (ATLFF) is the only available tool designed to assess newborn babies for the severity of tongue-tie. The aim of this study was to describe the ATLFF scores obtained on a series of 148 tongue-tied newborn babies. DESIGN: prospective case series. SETTING: a ...
Maréchal L - - 2007
Despite the lack of studies, chest physiotherapy (CPT) is widely used for newborn babies suffering from bronchiolitis. The limited data regarding this technique is mainly due to the difficulties making in situ measurements during the act. In the presented study, original instrumented gloves were designed and realized to perform measurements ...
Berkule Samantha B SB New York University School of Medicine and Bellevue Hospital Center, Department of Pediatrics, 550 1st Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA. - - 2007
Attitudes about shared reading among at-risk mothers of newborn babies have not been the focus of previous study. Better understanding of factors associated with these attitudes would facilitate pediatricians' provision of anticipatory guidance. We sought to assess sociodemographic correlates of attitudes regarding and resources available for shared reading among multiethnic, ...
Delahunty Krista M - - 2007
We used a longitudinal design to test whether parental experience differentially affects the development of prolactin responses to infant cues in men and women. Couples provided two blood samples at three tests, one test just before their babies were born, and two tests during the early postnatal period (n=21). Nine ...
Onyiriuka A N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of delivery of high birth weight (HBW) babies in Benin City and document their foetal outcome. METHODS: All babies with HBW (defined as birth weight 4000 g) were recruited into the study. The maternal records were examined for maternal age, parity, height, gestational weight gain ...
Steer P J - - 2006
Birth in the human is particularly difficult compared with that in the other primates. Bipedalism has evolved over the past 6 or 7 million years, and has resulted in a small pelvis, adapted to the upright posture. In recent millennia, the increasing size of the fetal head at birth has ...
Nakahara S - - 2007
To assess the information on safety belt use for pregnant women and infants in maternity and baby magazines, we reviewed 2003 issues of the three top-selling monthly baby and maternity magazines. Articles on safety belt use during pregnancy and child safety seat (CSS) use for infants, and advertisements of the ...
Lopez Irka Balleste - - 2006
We are reporting a case of a newborn infant who was admitted to the Neonatal unit of the Tikur Ambessa Hospital. The baby was diagnosis to have H-type tracheoesophageal fistula. The patient presented with choking, coughing and sneezing during breast-feeding. The definitive diagnosis was made by Fluoroscopy guided Barium swallow ...
Hung Chich-Hsiu - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine first-time mothers' postpartum stress and its correlates following discharge from the hospital or clinic after vaginal delivery. One hundred and eighty-three first-time mothers were enrolled from hospitals and clinics in Kaohsiung City. All first-time mothers reported normal pregnancies and vaginal deliveries, delivered ...
Muthayya S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the consequences on body composition of increasing birth weight in Indian babies in relation to reported values in Western babies, and to assess the relationship between maternal and neonatal anthropometry and body composition. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Bangalore City, India. SUBJECTS: A total of 712 women ...
Budden Astrid - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to (i) assess maternal and perinatal outcomes in pre-eclampsia at < 25(0) weeks; and (ii) determine if any antenatal factors were associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. METHODS: Data were extracted from the clinical record ...
Chandra P S - - 2006
The relationship between mother infant interactions and psychopathology in postpartum psychotic disorders has been recognised as being clinically important, however data in the field is sparse. The current study had two aims--firstly, to study the prevalence and nature of delusions towards the infant among mothers with postpartum onset severe mental ...
Hiscock Harriet - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Up to 20% of parents report a problem with their infant crying in the first 3 months of life. The majority of babies have no organic cause of crying and most crying subsides by 3-4 months. OBJECTIVE: This article describes the management of persistent crying in the first 3 ...
Isaacs David - - 2006
The mother of a baby on the neonatal intensive care unit was found to have untreated open pulmonary tuberculosis. Tuberculin skin testing and chemoprophylaxis was offered to selected mothers and babies, depending on level of exposure. One of 3 mothers sharing a room with the index mother and 2 of ...
Onyiriuka A N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of low birth weight deliveries in a Nigerian mission hospital. METHODS: A descriptive analysis of the records of 332 live, low birth weight babies delivered between 1st January, 1999 to 31st December, 2001 in a Nigerian mission hospital in Benin City was carried out. A ...
Roy K K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antenatal profile of the mother and the immediate neonatal morbidity and mortality till discharge. METHODS: The study was a retrospective analysis of 92 patients of preterm labour who delivered babies weighing RESULTS: A total of 92 mothers in preterm labour at 26 to 34 weeks were ...
Gulevich D R - - 2006
We describe a novel effect related to the controlled birth of a single Josephson vortex. In this phenomenon, the vortex is created in a Josephson transmission line at a T-shaped junction. The "baby" vortex arises at the moment when a "mother" vortex propagating in the adjacent transmission line passes the ...
Ford Jane B - - 2006
Linkage of routinely collected health data collections is increasingly being used to investigate maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Such data have the advantage of being population based and readily available. However, in using such data it is important to understand the data linkage process, the proportions of unmatched records ...
Jalali Subhadra - - 2006
PURPOSE: To study the extent of retinal vascularization at birth. DESIGN: Prospective masked observational case series. METHODS: One hundred ten neonates, at different weeks of gestation and birth weights (BWs), had dilated fundus evaluation for zone of retinal vascularization by a masked observer. Maternal and neonatal factors were ascertained by ...
Coory Michael - - 2006
AIM: To compare post-neonatal mortality among urban and rural Indigenous babies in Queensland. METHODS: Registrations of deaths at ages 28 days to 12 months were linked to routine data from the Queensland Perinatal Data Collection. RESULTS: Indigenous babies were 2.52 times more likely to die during the post-neonatal period than ...
Hossain M A - - 2006
Intrauterine growth and birth weight are probably the most important factors that affect in survival and future quality of life. Intrauterine growth retardation causes program changes in body systems specially lipid metabolism that creates various problems of which coronary heart disease is important. Higher serum triglyceride (TG) level in IUGR ...
Baeck Heidi Elisabeth - - 2007
Potentially rich in information, the baby's cry has motivated several researches along the years. Although most of these studies have generated important knowledge about the baby's cry, they were focused on the neonatal period. The few longitudinal studies on changes in the acoustical features of the cry over the baby's ...
Jalali Subhadra - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the gestational age and birth weight of premature babies who developed vision-threatening severe retinopathy of prematurity. DESIGN: Prospective observational study of babies at risk of blindness due to retinopathy of prematurity. METHODS: Data pertaining to all babies who underwent laser treatment or surgery for acute retinopathy of ...
Parikh Tushar B - - 2006
Noma Neonatorum is characterized by a gangrenous process involving mucocutaneous junctions of oral, nasal and anal area and occasionally, the eyelids and scrotum. It is seen during the first few weeks of neonatal life in premature and low birth weight babies. Noma Neonatorum is commonly described with pseudomonas aeruginosa septicemia. ...
Bennet L - - 2006
1. Poor perfusion of the kidneys and gut, and associated functional impairment, are major problems in the first days of life in very preterm infants. These complications can be associated with a substantial mortality and further problems such as reduced kidney growth and chronic renal problems in later childhood. 2. ...
Mufti Perveen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In order to improve our newborn care, we instituted several changes along with training of medical and nursing staff and compared survival rates in babies < 2000g before and after these changes. We also measured Perinatal Mortality Rate (PMR) and Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) in general, percentage of Low ...
Fujita Megumi - - 2006
The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of baby massage for 3 months after delivery on mothers' mood status and salivary cortisol level. Study participants were a convenient sample of mothers who delivered their babies at a hospital in Japan, and were recruited at the time ...
Collingwood Bakeo Aleks - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate variations in infant mortality from 1983 to 2001 by birthweight, registration status, father's social class, age of mother at birth and cause of death, among babies of mothers born in countries that represent the largest ethnic minority groups in England and Wales. ...
Watkinson Michael - - 2006
The body temperature of preterm babies can drop precipitously after delivery, and this hypothermia is associated with an increase in mortality and morbidity. Reports of hypothermia in babies of all birth weights, on admission to neonatal units, have come from all over the world; most also report increased mortality in ...
Arulmozhi T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluates the physical growth and psychomotor development of infants born to women with epilepsy on regular Anti Epileptic Drugs (AEDs). SETTING: Govt. Stanley Medical College and Hospital, Tertiary care referral centre, Chennai. DESIGN: Open prospective cohort study with a control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive women with epilepsy ...
Chen Y - - 2006
To describe the characteristics of babies treated for severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a tertiary referral unit in China, to provide information to assist in determining screening criteria. Information on consecutive babies referred to one eye department for treatment of stage 3 (prethreshold and threshold disease), and stages 4 ...
Edwards A D AD Division of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, UK. - - 2006
Well constructed and carefully analysed trials of hypothermic neural rescue therapy for infants with neonatal encephalopathy have recently been reported. The data suggest that either selective head cooling or total body cooling reduces the combined chance of death or disability after birth asphyxia. However, as there are still unanswered questions ...
Kelmanson Igor A - - 2006
This study attempts to evaluate the impact of massage therapy on sleep behaviour in infants born with low birth weight (LBW) in St. Petersburg, Russia. Fifty infants (22 boys, 28 girls) who were born in St. Petersburg between 2000 and 2002 and defined as LBW babies (<2500g at birth) were ...
Harding Seeromanie S MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK. - - 2006
The study aim is to investigate differences in birth weights between babies of foreign-born black African, Portugal-born black African, and Portugal-born white mothers. Hospital records for Amadora and Sintra from July 2001 to June 2002 were collated and 2949 Portugal-born white, 461 Portugal-born black African, and 817 foreign-born black African ...
de Anda Diane - - 2006
In an intervention aimed at showing students the amount of responsibility involved in caring for an infant, 353 predominantly ninth-grade and Latino students carried the Baby Think It Over simulation doll in an intervention and completed matched pre- and posttest measures. Statistically significant gains were found on the total score ...
Case, Trevor I
Disgust is a powerful behavioral adaptation, which confers the advantage of reducing the risk of pathogen infection. However, there are situations in which disgust at core elicitors (e.g., feces) must be modulated in the service of other goals (e.g., caring for a close kin). In Study 1, mothers of infants ...
Child David F - - 2006
Abstract It has been suggested that induction of the heat shock response in the mammalian embryo during the critical period of organogenesis can result in anatomical malformation. We measured serum heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), anti-Hsp70, and anti-Hsp60 in samples taken from expectant mothers at 16 weeks gestation. Samples from ...
Brindhaban A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: It was the aim of this study to investigate radiation doses for commonly performed paediatric X-ray examinations (skull, chest, abdomen and pelvis) in public hospitals in Kuwait in order to establish national reference or guidance dose levels. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Exposure factors used for six commonly performed X-ray examinations ...
Sinha A K - - 2006
AIM: To assess the reproducibility of, and determine normative data for, flow volume measurements from the right common carotid artery (CCA) and its relation to left ventricular output (LVO) in stable term and preterm babies using Doppler ultrasound. METHODS: Right CCA flow volume was measured using a near focus, high ...
Ojha Rishi Kant - - 2006
ACOG states meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) as one of the historical indicators of perinatal asphyxia. Thick meconium along with other indicators is used to identify babies with severe intrapartum asphyxia. Lactate creatinine ratio (L:C ratio) of 0.64 or higher in first passed urine of babies suffering severe intrapartum asphyxia ...
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