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Cohen Gary - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Being born preterm, small, and to a mother who smokes are common perinatal complications with major public health implications. Evidence suggests that each affects the body's structure and function in ways that could increase susceptibility to cardiovascular dysfunction later in life. Here, we used 2 routine stress reactivity tests ...
Lopez Nacyra Bonet - - 2009
Low-birth-weight (LBW) infants have a significantly greater mortality than other babies, not only within the neonatal period but also in infancy and early childhood. Babies are LBW either because they are preterm or they have experienced intrauterine growth retardation. Reducing the prevalence of LBW babies is important in reducing child ...
Ego A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Parity is one of several parameters used to customise fetal growth norms. However, it is uncertain whether the lower birthweight of babies born to primiparous women reflects physiological or pathological variation. Our aim was to assess the impact of adjusting for parity in identification of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births. DESIGN: ...
Mayet Soraya - - 2008
Substance misuse during pregnancy may result in harm to both mother and child. The aims of this study were to assess changes in outcomes of women seen by a specialist perinatal addictions outreach service (1989-1991 versus 2002-2005) and compare outcomes to the local hospital maternity population (2004-2005). A cross-sectional audit ...
Elizabeth K E - - 2008
Low birth weight (LBW) babies are a vulnerable group and represent two outcomes--preterm birth (preterm LBW) and term with intrauterine growth retardation (term LBW). LBW babies are considered to have low nutrient reserve, but the extent of deficiency as compared to the normal babies and the differences between preterm LBW ...
Mouriquand Pierre D E - - 2008
Undescended testes (UDT) are found in 1% boys at the age of 1-year old, 3% of full-term male infants and 33% in premature babies at birth. Spontaneous descent is possible until 6 months of age. The two main phases of descent of the testis during gestation are described, as well ...
Lamperti M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound guidance (USG) for internal jugular cannulation is the best solution in difficult settings where paediatric patients are involved. This is an outcome study on efficacy and complications of the USG for the internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation in neurosurgical infants as well as an ultrasound study of anatomical ...
Kurtoglu Selim - - 2008
AIM: Because growth failure occurs in many collodion babies, we investigated serum growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels in collodion babies admitted to Gevher Nesibe Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey between 1999 and 2006. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The newborns diagnosed clinically as 'collodion baby' were ...
Islam M N - - 2008
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major child health problem in Bangladesh and continuing to great threat to child health and child survival in Bangladesh. LBW is a silent emergency but crisis is real and its persistence has profound and frightening impact on neonatal mortality. This observational study was conducted ...
Aagaard Hanne - - 2008
Neonatal nurses today are challenged not only to provide the best possible developmental care for a preterm infant but also to help the mother through an uncertain motherhood toward a feeling of being a real mother for her preterm baby. An increasing interest in mothers' experiences of having a preterm ...
Hartshorne Geraldine - - 2008
This paper captures the essence of a session of the Association of Clinical Embryologists' meeting held in Manchester in January 2008. This session was of special significance, since this year marks thirty years since the birth of Louise Brown -- the world's first IVF baby -- at Oldham General Hospital ...
Laptook Abbot R - - 2008
After being in a relatively stable thermoneutral uterus for the whole of pregnancy, the newborn baby enters a cooling environment and might suffer significant heat loss and hypothermia in the first minutes of life. Alternatively, the fetus might face significant hyperthermia during and immediately after delivery if the mother is ...
Morigeri C - - 2008
PURPOSE: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is very common in pre-term infants. The diagnosis based on symptoms is always questionable. The incidence of GER in symptomatic babies varies from 22% to 85%, but literature regarding the incidence of reflux in asymptomatic pre-term infants is lacking. We used radionuclide scintigraphy to evaluate the ...
Weerasooriya Mirani V - - 2008
A total of 14 Sri Lankan pregnant women, who were anti-Brugia pahangi urinary IgG4 positive, and their 14 newborn babies were followed up for the urinary antibody for 2 years by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Eight babies showed positive IgG4 reaction, at least once within 4 months after birth. Urinary antibody ...
Yilmaz Seçil Ilhan - - 2008
The aim of this study is to compare the Argilophilic Nucleolus Organizer Regions (AgNORs) level between Down syndrome (DS) patients and controls in a tissue sharing the same embryonic origin with the central nervous system and compare the results with those obtained recently by us from DS's lymphocytes. For this, ...
Fernando Shavi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) rates from assisted reproduction technologies (ART) patients with ovarian endometriomata compared with control groups. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary university affiliated ART center and Perinatal Data Collection Unit (PDCU). PATIENT(S): Every woman who had an ART singleton baby ...
Shuhaila A - - 2008
A 40-year-old woman, a grand multipara with uncertain gestation, presented with severe, prolonged diarrhoea. She was previously diagnosed to have melanoma. Examination revealed gross ascites with hepatosplenomegaly and uterus corresponding to 29 weeks gestation. An emergency caesarean section confirmed widespread metastases to the ovaries, mesentery and placenta. A viable male ...
Kamoji V M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal (GI) emergency seen in neonatal units. Many factors have been considered as potentially important aetiologically, including gut ischaemia, sepsis and feeding. However, evidence remains equivocal. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether preterm babies born to mothers with abnormal antenatal umbilical Dopplers (absent ...
Dereddy Narendra Reddy - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the accelerated postnatal maturation/myelination in growth retarded babies compensating the deficit suffered by them during intrauterine life. METHODS: We studied 16 babies within the first 3 days of birth. These included 6 full term appropriate for gestational age babies (FT AGA) and 10 full term intrauterine growth ...
McCarthy John J - - 2008
To assess potential risks related to the duration or total amount of fetal methadone exposure during gestation, we compared babies of women who conceived and maintained on methadone throughout pregnancy with babies of women who began methadone treatment during the second or third trimester. Babies conceived on methadone were exposed ...
Mukhopadhyay A - - 2008
The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the obstetric management and perinatal outcome of extreme prematurity (22-27 weeks) in a busy teaching hospital between April 2004 and March 2005. A total of 57 babies were delivered in 49 women representing 0.9% of total births. A total of 67% ...
Gilbert Clare - - 2008
Globally at least 50,000 children are blind from retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) which is now a significant cause of blindness in many middle income countries in Latin American and Eastern Europe. Retinopathy of prematurity is also being reported from the emerging economies of India and China. The characteristics of babies ...
Raynor Pauline - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bradford, one of the most deprived cities in the United Kingdom, has a wide range of public health problems associated with socioeconomic deprivation, including an infant mortality rate almost double that for England and Wales. Infant mortality is highest for babies of Pakistani origin, who comprise almost half the ...
Moser Kath - - 2008
This paper investigates the quality of information in the National Health Service (NHS) Numbers for Babies (NN4B) dataset and provides statistics on gestational age at birth in relation to live/stillbirth status, multiple birth status, age of mother, babies' sex, and birthweight. Gestational age information is not recorded at the registration ...
Gathwala Geeta - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Kangaroo mother care (KMC) facilitates mother baby attachment in low birth weight infants. METHODS: Over 16 month period 110 neonates were randomized into kangaroo mother care group and control group using a random number table. The kangaroo group was subjected to Kangaroo mother care for at ...
Rademacher Nicholas - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare quantity and quality of spontaneous leg movements during early infancy in babies with myelomeningocele (MMC) and babies with typical development (TD). METHODS: Nine infants with MMC and 12 with TD moved spontaneously while supine for 5 minutes at ages 1, 3, and 6 months. We used a ...
Adejuyigbe Ebunoluwa A - - 2008
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to highlight the sociocultural beliefs and practices relating to the care and feeding of low-birthweight (LBW) babies in two rural communities in the south-west of Nigeria. Data from 60 mothers and their newborns and community care providers were collected using qualitative instruments. The ...
Ogunlesi Tinuade A - - 2008
Facilities which manage high-risk babies should frequently assess the burden of hypothermia and strive to reduce the incidence. To determine the incidence and outcome of point-of-admission hypothermia among hospitalized babies. The axillary temperatures of consecutive admissions into a Nigerian Newborn Unit were recorded. Temperature <36.5 degrees C defined hypothermia. The ...
Rådestad Ingela - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: to investigate long-term outcomes of mothers who have or have not held their stillborn baby, and predictors of having held the baby. DESIGN: postal questionnaires. SETTING: a nation-wide cohort study of mothers who gave birth to a singleton stillborn baby in Sweden in 1991. PARTICIPANTS: 314 out of 380 ...
Arbell Dan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Babies born with extreme prematurity and low birth weight (< 1000 g) present a unique treatment challenge. In addition to the complexity of achieving survival, they may require surgical interventions for abdominal emergencies. Usually, these infants are transferred to a referral center for surgical treatment. Since 2000 our approach ...
Kayastha S - - 2007
This was a retrospective study conducted to study the newborns weigth less than 2500gm delivered in Nepal medical college in the year 2005 and 2006. The cases were studied to find out the incidence and relation of maternal age, parity, gestational age, sex, etiological factors, mode of deliveries with Low ...
Whittington J E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Few studies describe in detail the pregnancy and early development of infants with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). However, variations at these early stages may partially account for differences in the later phenotype. A recent paper described an abnormally high number of problems in pregnancy and early infancy in a large ...
Onwuhafua P I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord is a clinical condition that calls for emergency decision making and action especially with a live and mature fetus. The objective of this study is to determine, fetal outcome and how various factors influence it. METHODS: This is a 12 1/2 year retrospective study of all 34 ...
Kandasamy Y - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The Orang Asli are the indigenous population in peninsular Malaysia and are in fact a diverse sub-ethnic group with different languages. Our aim was to collect data on Orang Asli newborns, from western and central Pahang, that were admitted to a general hospital with paediatric specialist services. METHODS: This ...
Gupta Mukesh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was taken to study the various beneficial effects of KMC in LBW babies. METHODS: 50 LBW babies (birth weight> 2 kg) two who delivered at Umaid Hospital, RIMCH Jodhpur included in this study and they have given KMC 4-6 hours/day in 3-4 settings. Maternal & Neonatal characteristics ...
Garcia Paula - - 2008
We report, for the first time, the outcome of three children born to two women with untreated glutaric aciduria type I (GA I). Isolated hypocarnitinemia in neonatal screening in one baby allowed the identification of the disease in his mother, who was undiagnosed so far and had had a previous ...
Fukumoto Aya - - 2008
This study analyzed the increase in head circumference (HC) of 85 autistic infants (64 boys and 21 girls) during their first year of life. The data were collected from their "mother-and-baby" notebooks. This notebook is a medical record of the baby's growth and development delivered to the parents of all ...
Galganny-Almeida Anna - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess baby and parental satisfaction and plaque-removal efficacy of a novel infant tooth wipe (Spiffies) in high caries-risk babies. METHODS: Thirty-five healthy and caries-free infants were selected. Babies had never had their teeth cleaned and no primary molars were yet present. Subjects ...
Mukhtar-Yola M - - 2007
Neonatal morbidity and mortality still poses a serious challenge in developing countries. Low level of obstetric care, unsupervised home deliveries and late referrals lead to poor outcome even in special care baby units (SCBU). To identify the common causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality among babies admitted to the SCBU ...
Sivakumar Sandhya - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the hematological profile of mothers with pregnancy induced hypertension and their infants. METHODS: The effects of maternal hypertension on the hematological profile of neonates were studied in 50 cases comparing the values with that of infants born to normotensive mothers. RESULTS: There was higher number of preterm, ...
Alsweiler Jane M - - 2007
AIM: Hyperglycaemia is a common problem in very low birthweight (VLBW) preterm neonates and has been associated with an increase in intraventricular haemorrhage and mortality. There are few data to guide clinicians on the best range of blood glucose levels to aim for when treating hyperglycaemic preterm babies with insulin. ...
Elizabeth K E - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Low Birth Weight (LBW) is a key determinant of neonatal mortality, morbidity, subsequent growth and development as well as early onset of adulthood diseases. It represents a conflation of two outcomes-preterm- and term 'light for date' (LFD) babies. This study looks at key auxologic, biochemical and clinical (ABC) parameters ...
Palmer Chana - - 2007
Almost immediately after a human being is born, so too is a new microbial ecosystem, one that resides in that person's gastrointestinal tract. Although it is a universal and integral part of human biology, the temporal progression of this process, the sources of the microbes that make up the ecosystem, ...
Taksande A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to find out the best simple anthropometric parameter for identifying low birth weight (LBW) babies. STUDY DESIGN: Hospital-based cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Newborn babies born in KHS hospital, Sevagram. RESULTS: In the present study, out of 868 newborn babies studied, 52.2% were male. Total 12.6% ...
Stack Jacqueline A - - 2007
AIMS: To describe the developmental progress of very premature babies at the age of 2 years, who were managed in an era where nasal prong continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) was the preferred method for the management of initial respiratory disease. METHODS: Two groups of very premature babies of <32 ...
Weisleder Pedro - - 2007
The Baby Doe rules, a set of federal regulations on the treatment of extremely ill infants, went into effect in 1985. Some scholars have argued that these rules are inappropriate given that they fail to pay attention to the patient's suffering. Instead, researchers suggest that, when dealing with a severely ...
Wall-Scheffler C M - - 2007
Among the costs of reproduction, carrying one's infant incurs one of the greatest drains on maternal energy, simply because of the added mass alone. Because of the dearth of archaeological evidence, however, how early bipeds dealt with the additional cost of having to carry infants who were less able to ...
Almeida-Basso Ana Maria L B - - 2007
Our aim was to evaluate the acquisition of neuropsychomotor development marks in small for gestational age infants during the first six months of life. A non-controlled cross-section study with thirty full-term newborn small for gestational age infants was performed in a University Hospital in the Southern region of Brazil. These ...
Graham Simon - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether remoteness category of residence of Indigenous women affects the perinatal outcomes of their newborn infants. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A population-based study of 35 240 mothers identified as Indigenous and their 35 658 babies included in the National Perinatal Data Collection in 2001-2004. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Australian ...
Liao C-H - - 2007
The inhibitory effect of fresh peeled baby carrot and associated microflora on the viability and growth of Listeria monocytogenes, Yersinia enterocolitica, Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Pseudomonas marginalis was investigated. The population of viable L. monocytogenes was reduced by more than 2 logs following the dipping of sliced baby ...
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