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Huh Susanna Y SY Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children's Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2011
To examine the association between timing of introduction of solid foods during infancy and obesity at 3 years of age. We studied 847 children in Project Viva, a prospective pre-birth cohort study. The primary outcome was obesity at 3 years of age (BMI for age and gender ≥ 95th percentile). ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2011
Objective. To estimate the contribution of obesity to maternal complications, neonatal morbidity and mortality among macrosomic births. Design. A population-based retrospective cohort design using State of Missouri maternally linked birth cohort files. Methods. Using pre-gravid body mass index (BMI), we categorized mothers of 116,976 singleton macrosomic live births as non-obese (BMI < 30) or obese ...
Kilpeläinen Tuomas O TO Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, United - - 2011
High birth weight is associated with adult body mass index (BMI). We hypothesized that birth weight and BMI may partly share a common genetic background. The objective was to examine the associations of 12 established BMI variants in or near the NEGR1, SEC16B, TMEM18, ETV5, GNPDA2, BDNF, MTCH2, BCDIN3D, SH2B1, ...
Regnault Nolwenn - - 2011
Objective We aimed to study the determinants of neonatal weight loss measured on the third day of life in term-infants. Design The EDEN mother-child cohort is a prospective study that recruited 2002 pregnant women before 24 weeks of gestation in two French university hospitals. Neonates were weighed every day until ...
Wasser Heather H Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516, USA. - - 2011
Our purpose was to assess early infant-feeding patterns in a cohort of low-income black mothers and to examine associations between maternal perception of infant temperament and complementary feeding (CF) before 4 months. We used cross-sectional data from the 3-month visit (n = 217) of the Infant Care, Feeding and Risk ...
Sugiura Reiko - - 2011
Background It is categorized obesity earlier than 2 years of age as 'benign' childhood obesity. In other words, no treatment is required for this type of obesity, and its course can simply be followed without any particular intervention. In this study, we conducted to determine whether early infantile obesity is ...
Cohen Alex S - - 2011
Schizophrenia is associated with a modest increase in winter births as well as increased odds of being born in more densely populated and midrange latitude regions. It is unclear the degree to which these findings hold for individuals with schizotypy, defined in terms of the personality organization that is a ...
Al-Salem Ahmed H - - 2011
Congenital paraesophageal hernia is rare in infants and children. This paper describes our experience with seven infants and children with congenital paraesophageal hernia with emphasis on two sisters who presented with unusually large paraesophageal hernias and herniation of most of the stomach resulting in intrathoracic gastric volvolus. The literature on ...
Maschietto Nicola - - 2011
Balloon aortic valvuloplasty has become in many centers the treatment of choice for neonates with critical or severe aortic stenosis. Usual approaches both antegrade and retrograde can be problematic in preterms extremely low birth weight babies. We describe a novel approach for dilating the aortic valve in an 890 grams ...
McCowan Lesley M E - - 2011
Our aims were to investigate whether men who fathered small for gestational age (SGA) infants themselves had lower birthweight, were more likely to be obese, have central adiposity and elevated blood pressure in adult life compared with men who fathered non-SGA infants. A total of 2,002 couples participating in the ...
Douglas Pamela S - - 2010
Unsettled behaviour in the first few months of life is a common clinical problem, with the associated risks of postnatal depression, premature cessation of breastfeeding, long-term psychological disturbance, and child abuse. Parents of new babies complain of difficulty accessing appropriate care and receiving conflicting advice. Although organic disturbance is implicated ...
Ogunlesi Tinuade A - - 2010
To determine the predictors of mortality in neonatal septicemia. The records of babies with culture-proven septicemia managed in a Nigerian newborn unit between 2006 and 2008 were studied using bivariate and multivariate analysis. Out of 174 babies with septicemia, 56 (32.2%) died. Outborn babies, babies with estimated gestational age (EGA) ...
Kilari Anitha - - 2011
The present study compares nerve growth factor (NGF) levels between preeclamptic (PE) (n=86) and normotensive (NT) women (n=105) and their associations with blood pressure and infant size. Maternal plasma NGF levels were reduced (p<0.05) in the PE group as compared to the NT group. Furthermore, NGF levels were reduced in ...
Mukhopadhyay Kanya - - 2010
Neurodevelopmental and behavioral assessment of very low birth weight babies (VLBW) at corrected age (CA) of 2 years. 127, 110, 99 and 101 babies ≤34 weeks and ≤1500 g were followed at CA of 3, 6, 9, 12 months respectively for developmental and neurological assessment. DASII (Developmental assessment scale for Indian infants) was used ...
Gursoy T - - 2011
Objective:Many different factors are involved in the pathogenesis of preterm deliveries and among them maternal or perinatal infections and inflammatory response have the major role. Researches were carried out about resistin, which is thought to have a role in inflammatory cytokine cycle and it was shown to be associated with ...
Li Zhi H - - 2011
Objectives.?Recent research indicates that there is delayed development in the more central part of the auditory brainstem in very preterm babies. We aimed to study whether this is also the case for late preterm babies. Methods.?The maximum length sequence brainstem auditory evoked response (MLS BAER) was used to study functional ...
Ogunlesi Tinuade A - - 2011
Objective: To determine predictors of acute bilirubin encephalopathy (ABE) among term infants presenting with moderate-to-severe hyperbilirubinaemia. Methods: Babies with total serum bilirubin >15 mg/dl at the point of admission were studied in a Nigerian tertiary health facility using bivariate and multivariate analysis. Results: Out of 152 babies, 75 (49.3%) had ABE: ...
Parappil Hussain - - 2010
In this retrospective study we did a comparative analysis of the outcome of 28(+1) to 32(+0) weeks gestation babies between the State of Qatar and some high income countries with an objective of providing an evidence base for improving the survival of preterm neonates in low income countries. Data covering ...
Cavarzere Paolo - - 2010
In this prospective study, we analyzed 30 male infants with increased neonatal 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17OH-P) (patients) and for comparison 52 age-matched healthy babies (control subjects) with the aim of investigating the hypothalamic-pituitary-testis axis in the first 6 months of life. Although T, FSH, and LH levels were not significantly different in ...
Mandić Zlatko - - 2011
The aim of the paper was to compare the growth of rural Croatian infants with 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth standards and to evaluate the potential preventive influence of breastfeeding on the development of obesity in infancy. Two hundred three infant-mother pairs from Baranja, an Eastern ...
Murray Lynne L University of Reading, RG6 6AL, UK. - - 2010
'Baby-talk' is common across cultures. It underpins infant vocal preferences, and helps regulate infant engagement. Its longer-term significance is unclear. In a longitudinal study, we found indications of 'sadness' in postnatally depressed mothers' baby-talk statistically mediated effects of maternal depression on offspring adolescent affective disorder.
de Rooy Laura - - 2010
Many guidelines for the prevention and management of neonatal hypoglycaemia focus on the sick infant admitted to the intensive care unit and pay scant attention to what is known about normal neonatal physiology. It is questionable whether treatment guidelines for low blood glucose levels for sick infants can be applied ...
Laosombat Vichai V Division of Pediatric Hematology & Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkla 90110, Thailand. - - 2010
Southeast Asian Ovalocytosis (SAO), the most common red cell membrane disorder found in the Far-East and Pacific rim, appears to be innocuous in man since it has been identified mostly in non-anemic healthy individuals. To further substantiate our previous observation that this condition might be symptomatic particularly in the neonatal ...
Lain Samantha J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In 2004, the Federal Government introduced the baby bonus, a one-off payment upon the birth of a child. AIMS: To assess the impact of an increase in the number of births on maternity services in New South Wales following the introduction of the baby bonus payment in July 2004. ...
Martin T C - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Recent attention has been focussed on pregnancy outcomes in developing countries, with the publication of the World Health Organization Report 2005, Make Every Mother and Child Count and the Neonatal Survival Series from the Lancet in 2005. Scant outcome data from the smaller islands of the Caribbean exist for ...
Dogan D G - - 2010
Collodion baby is a rare keratinizing congenital disorder. Although it is milder in degree than harlequin fetus, the infant is at risk for increased water loss, thermal instability, percutaneous toxicity, and infection as a result of an impaired skin barrier function. Here we report on an 11 days-old collodion baby ...
Weaver Lawrence T - - 2010
The nineteenth century saw the incorporation of technology, such as the stethoscope, microscope, and thermometer, into clinical medicine. An instrument that has received less attention in the history of the role of technology in medicine is the weighing balance, or scale. Although not new to nineteenth-century medicine, it played an ...
George Innocent Ocheyana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) resulting from maternal rubella infection can result in miscarriages, still birth and rubella infection of the infant. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pattern and presentation of CRS over an 8-year period as seen in the University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), ...
Bornman Riana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of external urogenital birth defects (UGBDs) in newborn boys from a malarial area currently sprayed with technical 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT), as increased fetal oestrogenic or anti-androgenic exposure might be involved in the pathogenesis of increased prevalence of human male reproductive tract anomalies, and DDT and ...
Ionouchene Svetlana - - 2009
In spite of the appearance of new instruments, equipment, and new surgical techniques, the amount of laparoscopic procedures in newborns and infants remains limited. Nevertheless, some advantages of the laparoscopic nephrectomy technique in infants, which we present in this article allow us to recommend this approach as the method of ...
Millership Sally E - - 2009
We undertook a systematic literature and database review for reports of nosocomial exposures of infants less than 24 months of age to tuberculosis. We found 7 instances of transmission among 4867 babies in 26 reports (19 published, 7 from a national database for reporting such events).
Bayhan Pinar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Babies need the presence of an adult, especially their mothers, from the moment they are born in order to have their needs fulfilled. The significance of the care, particularly during the newborn and the babyhood period, increases gradually as the children grow older. The adequate and efficient fulfillment of ...
Boffa M-C - - 2009
The registry is a prospective, European, multicentric, longitudinal study, which follows a cohort of children born to mothers with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). It was started in 2003. In this report, we update the results obtained from the study of 110 mothers and 112 children (two twin births). Eighty per cent ...
Mendes Deise Maria Leal Fernandes - - 2009
Two babies were observed from their third week to their sixth month of life. Our goals in the study were: to investigate developmental changes in smiling patterns; to analyze the smiling patterns observed in the presence of mother's affective behaviors, and to verify whether the babies can answer contingently, with ...
Huang Yhu-Chering - - 2009
We recruited a total of 499 mothers and their 501 newborn babies to investigate whether infants acquire Staphylococcus aureus from their mothers. Of the 22 mother-baby paired S. aureus isolates, 11 (50%) paired isolates were unrelated, 1 pair related, and 10 pairs (45%) indistinguishable. Newborn babies acquire S. aureus colonization ...
Victor S - - 2011
The aim of this study was to generate reference ranges for aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in preterm infants by describing the observed plasma concentration of these enzymes in babies born between 22 and 36 weeks' gestation. A service evaluation was conducted in babies admitted to two large ...
Ali M A - - 2009
This retrospective study in pediatric ward of general hospital, which is a secondary care level hospital having 100 beds. Study period was six months, from 1st July 2006 to 31st December 2006. Records of all admitted patients was meticulously reviewed and analyzed. During this period 11,580 patients were admitted in ...
Haicio?lu Oya - - 2009
Periosteal reaction has different etiologies in early infancy. Physiological periostitis is a well-documented X-ray finding seen in both preterm and term babies aged between 1-6 months and can easily be misdiagnosed as child abuse or pathological periostitis. Here, we present a 2.5-month-old infant admitted with a history of fever, swollen ...
St Swierzko Anna - - 2009
One collectin (mannan-binding lectin, MBL) and three ficolins (M-ficolin/ficolin-1, L-ficolin/ficolin-2 and H-ficolin/ficolin-3) share the capability to activate complement via the lectin pathway. This property depends on the ability of these lectins to form complexes with MBL-associated serine proteases (MASPs), particularly MASP-2. We report the results of an investigation of cord ...
Sherr L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In the absence of national policy or comprehensive data, the phenomenon of abandoned babies is poorly understood in the UK. This study aims to use media reports as a resource to collate existing information on abandoned babies and to draw conclusions to inform future response. METHODS: An exhaustive media ...
Hussain Farhat - - 2009
AIMS: To determine if high lactate levels within the first 12 h of life independently or in combination with Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB) II can predict mortality in extremely premature babies. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of medical charts of babies born between 2001 and 2003 with birthweight ...
Zeitlin Jennifer - - 2010
To assess evolution in the care and health of very preterm babies between 1998 and 2003 after implementation of a regionalisation policy in France. Comparison of two population-based cohorts. The Parisian region. All live births at 24-31 weeks of gestation in 1997 (EPIPAGE study, n=488) and in 2003 (MOSAIC study, ...
Patel G - - 2009
PURPOSE: Exomphalos is a midline defect, with a viable sac composed of amnion and peritoneum containing herniated abdominal contents with an incidence of about 1 in 4,000 live births. Associated major abnormalities can be karyotypic, syndromic or structural in up to 70% of cases. The aim of this study is ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2009
AIMS: While preterm infants are known to be at risk of intracranial haemorrhages, advances in ultrasound imaging of preterm babies have facilitated recognition of presence of haemorrhages in the posterior fossa, which include cerebellar and Cisterna Magna haemorrhages. There are limited data on the profile and predisposing risk factors. The ...
Hadfield Ruth M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the proportion of babies born large for gestational age (LGA) in New South Wales has increased, and to identify possible reasons for any increase. DESIGN AND SETTING: Population-based study using data obtained from the NSW Midwives Data Collection, a legislated surveillance system of all births in ...
Comaru T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a postural support protocol on the physiological and behavioral stability of preterm infants while undergoing a diaper change. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-seven newborns having a birth weight <or=2000 g and gestational age <or=35 weeks were included in this randomized, crossover clinical trial in a Neonatology ...
Owa Joshua Aderinsola - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Since exchange blood transfusion (EBT) is associated with serious complications, phototherapy has been made more powerful to reduce the need for EBT in the developed world. This study was undertaken to determine the indications for EBT in neonatal jaundice (NNJ) at our unit and what proportion of EBTs was ...
Akram Misbah - - 2009
Immature teratoma of the stomach in the neonate is extremely rare.1(,)2 This report outlines a case of giant immature teratoma of the stomach, which was detected by prenatal ultrasonography in the third trimester as an echogenic mass contiguous with the stomach bubble. It increased from 4.5 cm in diameter to ...
Islam M N - - 2009
Zinc is being recognized increasingly as an important element in human growth, development and immunological function. It is probably the most intensely studied microelement in newborn nutrition. Zinc deficiency is common in young infants in the developing world and is associated with reduced immunocompetence and increased rates of serious disease. ...
Godambe Sunit V - - 2009
A case of gastric outlet obstruction secondary to antral web in a preterm infant born at 25 weeks gestation is reported. The diagnosis was suspected on plain abdominal radiograph performed postnatally to confirm position of the umbilical catheters. On the initial radiograph (at age 1 h), a dilated stomach with ...
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