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Results 451 - 500 of 801
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Das B K - - 1993
One hundred and fifty six babies with birth weight between 1500-2000 g and 103 full term-appropriate for gestational age (FT-AGA) babies delivered at University Hospital, District Hospital and village homes were included for a comparative study of mortality, morbidity and growth pattern. The low birth weight (LBW) babies from the ...
Oruamabo R S - - 1993
In order to study mortality patterns among full-grown infants, the records of all babies of birthweight 2500g and above admitted into the Special Care Baby Unit of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, over a three-year period were retrieved and examined. There was a total of 1519 admissions ...
Amato M - - 1993
Low birth weight and intrauterine growth retardation are well-recognized risk factors for increased mortality, morbidity and poor neurologic outcome. Risk assessment is different considering true preterm (appropriate-for-gestational-age, AGA) or growth-retarded (small-for-gestational-age, SGA) infants. Therefore, we carried out a study on the incidence of hemorrhagic (peri-intraventricular hemorrhage, PIVH) and ischemic (periventricular ...
Economou G - - 1993
The present study investigates the developmental pattern of serum cortisol secretion in sick fullterm and preterm neonates in comparison to that of normal babies over the first 30 days of life. Four groups of babies (15 in each group) were studied sequentially during the first 4 weeks of life. Serial ...
Mehta G - - 1992
During a 23-day period in April 1991, nine infants in a neonatal ward were found to be colonized with Salmonella senftenberg. All were asymptomatic on detection and all except one (who developed septic ileus) remained asymptomatic on follow-up. The affected babies were isolated and subsequently discharged from the ward as ...
Zakiah I - - 1992
Over a three-year-period, 310 babies with prolonged jaundice admitted to GHKL were studied, to determine the incidence of alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency as a cause of the problem. Ninety-two babies (29.7%) were found to be alpha-1-antitrypsin deficient. The percentage incidence was found to be highest in Indians (33.3%), followed by Malays (31.9%) ...
Scher A - - 1992
In a model of motherhood Raphael-Leff (1983) delineated two basic orientations: the Facilitator who adapts to the baby and the Regulator who expects the baby to adapt. The FR questionnaire was completed by 97 Israeli mothers of six-month-old infants; 34 per cent were classified as Facilitators, 34 per cent Regulators, ...
Schaarschmidt K - - 1992
Delayed primary reconstruction of an esophageal atresia (Vogt IIIb) was undertaken in an extremely small-for-date baby (second twin, 36th week) with a birth weight of 445 g. After initial insertion of a gastrostomy under local anesthesia on the 29th day of life, ligation of the fistula and end-to-end anastomosis were ...
Munshi U K - - 1992
Forty eight neonates, born to mothers suffering from pregnancy induced hypertension and receiving labetalol for control of blood pressure, were studied for the possible adverse effects of the drug. These were compared with eighty one neonates matched for gestation and weight and born to mothers with pregnancy induced hypertension treated ...
Salimonu L S - - 1992
Haptoglobin, transferrin, alpha-1-feto-protein (AFP), alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AAGP) and caeruloplasmin levels were estimated in 14 "small for dates" (SFD) and 31 "appropriate for dates" (AFD) babies by the single radial immunodiffusion method. The mean caeruloplasmin levels was observed to be significantly reduced in the SFD babies when compared with the AFD ...
Powell P J - - 1992
The length of stay of preterm babies discharged from a neonatal nursery was determined and the predictive value of perinatal factors on the duration of stay was assessed on 762 preterm Salford born babies admitted to Hope Hospital neonatal unit between April 1986 and November 1990. The data were analysed ...
Lennox C E - - 1992
All maternity cases in which babies were transferred in-utero (n = 82) or neonatally (n = 273) from the William Smellie Memorial Maternity Hospital to a regional neonatal intensive care unit during 1980-89 were studied to detect changing trends and outcomes. The proportion of babies transferred in-utero has increased and ...
Ananthakrishnan S - - 1992
During a two-year period, the various factors associated with loose stools in the early neonatal period were studied among hospital born babies. Low birth weight babies had a lower incidence of non-infective loose stools when compared to neonates with a birth weight of more than 2500 g (p < 0.001). ...
Rocha-Alvarez R - - 1992
Endemic pemphigus foliaceus (PF), also known as Fogo Selvagem (FS), is an organ-specific autoimmune disease mediated by autoantibodies. These autoantibodies are disease specific, predominantly restricted to the IgG4 subclass, and pathogenic, as demonstrated by passive transfer studies. In contrast to pemphigus vulgaris, neonatal skin disease does not appear to occur ...
- - 1992
A total of 7441 boys were examined for cryptorchidism at birth and, if present, again at 3 months of age. After excluding boys with severe congenital malformations noted at birth, the cryptorchidism rates at 3 months in babies weighing less than 2000 g, 2000-2499 g, and greater than or equal ...
Vansteenkiste M A MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tygerberg Hospital, Parowvallei, - - 1992
To study the influence of primary obstetric complications on the survival and short-term morbidity rates of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) babies. A 1-year retrospective, descriptive study. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tygerberg Hospital, CP. 257 women admitted with live singleton fetuses and who eventually delivered babies with birth weights ranging from 750 ...
McLeod R - - 1992
Pyrimethamine levels in sera, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and ventricular fluid were measured by using reversed-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography. The specimens were from 37 infants receiving pyrimethamine for treatment of suspect or proven congenital toxoplasmosis. Pyrimethamine half-life in serum was 64 +/- 12 h when determined by study of terminal-phase kinetics ...
Millar W S - - 1992
Learning of a manipulative response was examined in 6-13-month-old well babies and in risk infants who, in the perinatal period, had experienced a range of respiratory interventions (low- and high-risk). 2 contingency conditions (contingent and yoked) were crossed with 2 locations of feedback (local and remote). Both well-baby and low-risk ...
Frisch A S - - 1992
This study used path analysis to assess the chances of survival of babies in a neonatal intensive care unit in Lansing, Michigan, USA. Two paths to neonatal survival were identified and the variables accounted for 20% of the variance in gestational age. The first path showed that prior infant losses ...
Holden R - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To compare the occurrence of external ocular trauma in instrumental and normal deliveries. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. SETTING: University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff. SUBJECTS: 133 babies born consecutively with the use of forceps and 133 control babies born without instrumentation to women matched for parity. INTERVENTIONS: External ocular examination. ...
Sharp A M - - 1992
Carriage and acquisition of Candida spp and Candida albicans biotypes were studied among 163 neonates and 90 staff in a neonatal intensive care and surgical unit during a 17 week period. Twenty one neonates carried yeasts in the mouth, rectum or groin when first sampled, and a further 25 were ...
Kuban K C - - 1992
To evaluate prenatal and perinatal risk factors for development of germinal matrix hemorrhage-intraventricular hemorrhage (GMH-IVH), we conducted a prospective epidemiologic study of 449 babies whose birth weight was less than 1501 grams. This study permitted us to test our previously generated hypothesis that babies born to mothers with preeclampsia were ...
Marguet C - - 1992
In a previous study, we showed a renal resistance to PTH in preterm infants during their 1st week of life. We proposed it could explain early neonatal hypocalcemia. Such renal resistance is well known in type 1 pseudohypoparathyroid patients and is explained by a defect of stimulatory GTP-dependent protein (Gs). ...
Wolf S - - 1992
This study was intended to determine the level of the conus medullaris in normal babies. We examined 114 healthy infants using high resolution ultrasound which identified the spinal cord and the tip of the conus medullaris. This method provided a good analysis of the level of the conus medullaris so ...
Gupta I - - 1992
A total of 2337 mother-baby paired sera were screened for the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen. Fifty eight mothers (2.48 per cent) were positive for HBsAg. Six babies (10.3 per cent) were positive for HBsAg at birth. The risk of the babies acquiring the infection during the first year ...
Hopkisson B - - 1992
One hundred normal babies were refracted by two observers in a double-masked study within 24 hours of delivery and 30 minutes after instillation of 1% cyclopentolate. The procedure was repeated at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year. At birth agreement between the two refractionists to within 1 ...
Rahilly P M - - 1991
Investigation of 340 babies who suffered from apparent life threatening episodes (ALTE) was performed using pneumographic studies and a variety of medical investigations. A number of medical abnormalities were demonstrated by history or investigation, including gastro-oesophageal reflux (211), airways pathology (17), evidence of fits (25), brain-stem tumour (2), hypoglycaemia (2), ...
Salem P - - 1991
A thirty six week gestation male baby weighing three kilogram was born to a twenty five year old mother by spontaneous vaginal delivery. At four hours of life, the baby developed respiratory distress with cyanosis and was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. There was clinical and radiological evidence ...
Hüppi P S - - 1991
Localized proton magnetic resonance spectra were recorded from human cerebellum in vivo with a 1.5-T magnet. The spectra from healthy adults and preterm and term babies showed resonances from N-acetylaspartate, creatine and phosphocreatine, choline-containing compounds such as phosphocholine and glycerophosphocholine, taurine, and inositol. The age-dependent changes of in vivo molar ...
Tenreiro S - - 1991
Twenty very premature babies, born at 24-29 weeks gestation, have been studied while they were maintained in intensive care with continuous intravenous feeding and constant ambient lighting and temperature. Hourly records of insulated skin temperature and heart rate were made for a continuous period of 6-17 weeks, always starting the ...
Kadam S B - - 1991
Quantity as well as quality of survivals determine the performance of a neonatal centre. Our centre has succeeded in improving survival with low cost technology without compromising the quality. Neurodevelopmental handicap was low on a 1-year follow-up. No baby had retinopathy of prematurity or hearing deficit. Dropout rate has been ...
Chaudhari S - - 1991
A prospective study was undertaken to determine the development of preterm (PT) babies (gestation less than 37 weeks). One hundred and seventy two preterm babies and 36 control babies were followed up for a period of 18-24 months. Psychomotor development was assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development at ...
Sharma S - - 1991
Forty preterm [14 small for gestational age (SGA), 26 average for gestational age (AGA)] and 40 term (10 SGA and 30 AGA) babies were tested for immunoglobulins (Ig), G, M and A levels. IgG levels increased with gestational age from 922.00 +/- 14.00 mg/dl at 34 weeks to 1827.33 +/- ...
Mondal G P - - 1991
Neonatal sepsis was studied among one hundred neonates (50 hospital born and 50 outborn babies) over one year period. The incidence of neonatal septicaemia was 15.5 per 1000 live births in the hospital. Among outborn babies it accounted for 6.1% of total pediatric admissions and 43.7% of sick neonates referred ...
Downs J A - - 1991
Preterm babies are physiologically hypotonic, which causes their posture to be flattened when lying in the prone position. This flattened posture may persist beyond term. In a prospective, randomised, controlled, double blind trial of postural support carried out on 45 babies born at less than 33 weeks of gestation, we ...
Gupta A K - - 1991
Forty children aged 5 months to 3 years and suffering from wheezy baby syndrome (WBS) were evaluated to find out the prevalence of neonatal meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) from the birth records. Twelve (30%) babies with WBS were detected to have a history of MAS at birth, significant enough to ...
Saeed M A - - 1991
Hypernatraemia in very low birth weight babies has been well documented and is usually attributable to excessive insensible water loss. We report a case in which, despite a peak serum sodium concentration of 204 mmol/l, the baby survived without morbidity. Treatment was simply to increase the intake of free water ...
Nurjannah - - 1991
A retrospective study on diarrheal manifestation in newborn babies was conducted at the ward of Neonatology, Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan from January to December 1988. There were all 3367 babies hospitalized during the study period. One hundred and thirty five (4.0%) had diarrhea, including 106 (78.5%) babies with birth weights ...
Brown D C - - 1991
A retrospective study of 17 babies admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, was undertaken to determine the causes and prognosis of conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia (direct fraction greater than 20% of total) over a five year period. Mean gestational age was 29 weeks and mean ...
Haque K N - - 1991
Percentile curves were calculated for hemoglobin; hematocrit; total red and white blood cell counts; mean corpuscular volume; mean corpuscular hemoglobin; mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration; and platelet, neutrophil, band cell, lymphocyte, monocyte, basophil, and eosinophil counts in preterm babies of 24 through 36 weeks' gestation. The curves were derived from mainly ...
Tahir H M - - 1991
Low birth weight babies are defined as those weighing under 2,500 g. They make 13.5% of all births at the Maternity Hospital, Kuala Lumpur but contribute to 74.8% of all deaths. They are most likely to be Indian babies and least likely to be Chinese. Among all 3 communities, the ...
Daga S R - - 1991
In this retrospective analysis, 56 babies with Apgar score 3 and less were studied. In 33, successful bag-mask ventilation was carried out. Seventeen babies received endotracheal IPPV. In 9 out of them bag-mask ventilation was never tried whereas in 8 bag-mask ventilation had failed. In 6 babies physical stimulation and ...
Morley C J - - 1991
In a randomised trial of artificial surfactant (ALEC) given at birth to 294 babies less than 34 weeks' gestation, the respiratory compliance was measured at 1, 6, 24, 48, and 168 hours after birth. In babies less than 29 weeks' gestation ALEC significantly improved the mean (SEM) compliance at 6 ...
Sullivan R M - - 1991
One-day-old, awake infants underwent an olfactory classical conditioning procedure to assess associative learning within the olfactory system of newborns. Experimental infants received ten 30-second pairings of a novel olfactory conditioned stimulus (a citrus odor of neutral value) and tactile stimulation provided by stroking as the reinforcing unconditioned stimulus (a stimulus ...
Binney V M - - 1991
During the month of March 1988, 880 (85.6%) of the 1027 babies born in New Zealand during the first week of June 1987 were examined by either a Plunket nurse or a paediatrician. Sixty-nine percent of the babies were European, 16.9% Maori, 6.8% from the Pacific Islands and 4.4% other ...
Awasthi S - - 1991
The present study comprised 381 term babies weighing greater than 2.5 kg and 126 babies weighing less than or equal to 2.5 kg (low birth weight; LBW) at birth. A longitudinal follow up of 334 babies was done for 6 months. There were 273 'breast fed' babies and 234 'artificially ...
Joubert K - - 1991
In 10,108 babies born to gypsy parents, birth weight, birth length and gestational age are compared with a national reference sample, taking into account maternal education, age, and birth interval. The gypsy babies tend consistently to be smaller, and this difference is attributable to the circumstances in which the gypsies ...
Amato M - - 1991
It is vital for the survival of the neonate that birth should not occur until the fetal organ systems are sufficiently mature. Nowadays, infants with birth weight 750 g or less lead to ethical dilemmas concerning the value of treating extremely preterm infants. We report the survival of a 390 ...
Yaish H M - - 1991
The incidence of severe hyperbilirubinaemia was significantly higher among the G6PD-deficient Saudi infants born at term than in non-deficient babies (34% vs 9%) (p less than 0.005). No apparent offending factors were detected in either the babies or their mothers. All babies who developed hyperbilirubinaemia did so during the 1st ...
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