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Muddu Gopi Krishna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine mothers' prior knowledge of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) and awareness about benefits of KMC for preterm babies. METHODS: Mothers of a consecutive sample of 46 preterm babies, eligible for KMC admitted to a teaching hospital, from June through August 2009, were studied to determine the attitude and ...
Abdullah Sani N - - 2012
A total of 90 samples comprising powdered infant formulas (n = 51), follow-up formulas (n = 21), and infant foods (n = 18) from 15 domestic and imported brands were purchased from various retailers in Klang Valley, Malaysia and evaluated in terms of microbiological quality and the similarity of rehydration ...
Babu Thirunavukkarasu Arun - - 2012
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is a valuable tool in managing infants requiring respiratory support. This article highlights a simple and economical alternative model to administer nasal CPAP using an infant feeding tube.
Ghartey Kobina - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk of respiratory morbidity in neonates delivered at "early term" (37-38 weeks) compared with those delivered at 39 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of singleton deliveries from 37(0/7) to 39(6/7) weeks' gestation. Our primary outcome was ...
Hoo Ah-Fong - - 2012
Long-term benefits of newborn screening (NBS) for cystic fibrosis (CF) have been established with respect to nutritional status, but effects on pulmonary health remain unclear. With early diagnosis and commencement of standardised treatment, lung function at ∼3 months of age is normal in NBS infants with CF. Lung clearance index ...
Kotaniemi-Syrjänen Anne - - 2012
Fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) has been proposed as a non-invasive marker of eosinophilic bronchial inflammation in active asthma, supposed to reflect responsiveness to corticosteroid therapy. There are several factors influencing FeNO, and its role in early childhood respiratory disorders is still to be established.Between 2004 and 2008, 444 ...
Chawes Bo L K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus and other respiratory tract viruses lead to common colds in most infants, whereas a minority develop acute severe bronchiolitis often requiring hospitalization. We hypothesized that such an excessive response to respiratory tract viral infection is caused by host factors reflected in pre-existing increased bronchial responsiveness. OBJECTIVE: ...
Scott Andrew R - - 2012
This article reviews the various treatment methods for airway obstruction and feeding difficulty in infants with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS), and highlights the benefits and limitations of early mandibular distraction osteogenesis in particular as a way of managing both airway obstruction and feeding difficulty in these children.
Goldacre M J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To report on trends in mortality for asthma using all certified causes of death mentioned on death certificates (conventionally termed 'mentions'), not just the underlying cause. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis using death certificate information and population data. METHOD: Analysis of mortality records in the Oxford region (mentions available from ...
Tampo A - - 2012
We compared the Pentax Airway Scope(TM) with the Airtraq(TM) optical laryngoscope in an infant manikin. Twenty-three anaesthetists randomly performed tracheal intubation: at rest, (a) with the Airway Scope and (b) with the Airtraq; and during chest compressions, (c) with the Airway Scope and (d) with the Airtraq. The success rate, ...
Schroeder James W JW - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine if and how the preoperative peak airway pressure and oxygen requirement of an infant (less than 6 months of age) who requires mechanical ventilation influences the physician's decision to perform a tracheostomy on that infant. STUDY DESIGN: Nationwide survey. SUBJECTS: Pediatric Otolaryngologists. METHODS: A web-based survey was ...
Kaplan Eytan - - 2012
Abstract OBJECTIVES:To determine long term pulmonary outcome of extreme prematurity at a single tertiary center, 1997-2001 in the post surfactant era. METHODS:We assessed symptoms, exhaled NO, spirometry, methacholine challenge (PC20), lung volumes, diffusion and cardiopulmonary exercise tolerance. RESULTS:Of 279 infants born, 192 survived to discharge and 79 of these developed ...
Filippone Marco - - 2012
Prematurity and its main respiratory complication, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), are potentially associated with lifelong respiratory morbidities and/or lung function abnormalities. The mechanisms behind these long-term respiratory problems are still unclear.We assessed airway oxidative stress in adolescents born very preterm (≤ 32 gestational weeks) by measuring 8-isoprostane concentration in the exhaled ...
Kim Eun Soo - - 2012
Congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS), though rare, is important because the mortality and morbidity rates are high in infants. Especially, associated congenital heart disease (CHD) in these infants may compound the effects of airway pathology. A 3-week-old patient with long-segmental tracheal stenosis below an anomalous right-upper lobe (RUL) bronchus had undergone ...
Morris Mohy G - - 2012
Raised volume rapid thoracoabdominal compression (RTC) generates forced expiration (FE) in infants typically from an airway opening pressure of 30 cm H(2)O (V(30)). We hypothesized that the higher nasal than pulmonary airway resistance limits forced expiratory flows (FEF(%)) during (nasal) FE(n), which an opened mouth, (oronasal) FE(o), would resolve. Measurements ...
Ambrosio Art - - 2012
Laryngomalacia is the most common congenital laryngeal abnormality, as well as the most common cause of stridor in infants. Laryngomalacia presents as a wide spectrum of disease from mild noisy breathing with feeding to life-threatening airway obstruction and failure to thrive. The stridor associated with laryngomalacia is generally inspiratory in ...
Ng Geraldine - - 2012
Chronic lung disease (CLD) occurs frequently in preterm infants. Bronchodilators have the potential effect of dilating small airways with muscle hypertrophy. Increase in compliance and tidal volume and decrease in pulmonary resistance have been documented with use of bronchodilators in studies of pulmonary mechanics in infants with CLD. Therefore, it ...
Bourdon Aurélie - - 2011
As gut immaturity precludes full enteral feeding, very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants receive parenteral nutrition (PN) during the first few weeks of life. Weaning VLBW infants off PN, however, is a top priority since PN is associated with a high risk of complications. The decision making is purely ...
Rudloff Silvia - - 2011
Recent observations indicate that human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) are involved in a variety of physiological processes in infants. Their metabolic fate, however, is virtually unknown. We investigated metabolic aspects in infants after endogenous 13C-labelling of HMO. An oral bolus of natural and 13C-labelled galactose (Gal; 23 g Gal+4 g 13C-Gal) was given ...
Carroll William F - - 2011
Bone mineral deficiency continues to occur in extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants despite formulas enriched in calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P). This study tested whether extra enteral Ca supplementation increases bone mineral content (BMC) and prevents dolichocephalic head flattening and myopia in ELBW infants. Infants 401 to 1000 birth weight receiving enteral ...
Kumar Dipti - - 2011
Respiratory distress in an infant is a common cause of admission in neonatal intensive care facility. Obstructive lesions of the airway constitute a minority of problems in the new born but present a diagnostic challenge. We present a 30-day-old male infant admitted with respiratory distress who was diagnosed to have ...
Bell Susan Givens - - 2011
NEONATAL NURSES ARE most familiar with recombinant er y thropoietin (EPO), epoetin alfa (Epogen, Amgen Manufacturing, Thousand Oaks, California; Procrit, Amgen, Inc., Thousand Oaks, California, for Centocor Ortho Biotech Products, LP, Raritan, New Jersey), a treatment for anemia of prematurity. Recent animal and human neonatal studies demonstrate the potential for ...
Chertok Ilana R Azulay - - 2011
West Virginia has one of the highest prenatal smoking prevalence rates in the nation. While overall national prenatal smoking rates have been declining, the prevalence rates in West Virginia continue to climb. Smoking in pregnancy has been associated with deleterious health outcomes in infants, including decreased birth weight. Yet, minimal ...
Wiedmeier Julia E - - 2011
Early postnatal nutrition is a vital determinant of adult health; this is particularly true for the infant born prematurely and cared for in a hospital setting such as the neonatal intensive care unit. Human and animal studies support the contribution of postnatal dietary composition and the rate of extrauterine growth ...
Kabitzke Patricia A - - 2011
Predator odors have been found to induce unconditioned fear in adult animals and provide the opportunity to study the mechanisms underlying unlearned and learned fear. Predator threats change across an animal's lifetime, as do abilities that enable the animal to learn or engage in different defensive behaviors. Thus, the objective ...
Raaschou-Nielsen Ole - - 2011
Particulate matter (PM) in ambient air is responsible for adverse health effects in adults and children. Relatively little is known about the concentrations, sources and health effects of PM in indoor air. To identify sources of fine PM in infants' bedrooms. We conducted 1122 measurements of fine PM (PM(2.5) and ...
Jefferson Wendy N - - 2011
Developmental exposure to estrogenic compounds can disrupt sexual differentiation and adult reproductive function in many animals including humans. Phytoestrogens (plant estrogens) in the diet comprise a significant source of estrogenic exposure to humans, particularly in infants who are fed soy-based infant formula. Animal models have been developed to test the ...
Zahran Sammy - - 2010
Logistic regression and spatial analytic techniques are used to model fetal distress risk as a function of maternal exposure to Hurricane Andrew. First, monthly time series compare the proportion of infants born distressed in hurricane affected and unaffected areas. Second, resident births are analyzed in Miami-Dade and Broward counties, before, ...
St-Hilaire Marie - - 2010
Laryngeal chemoreflexes (LCR), which are elicited by the contact of liquids such as gastric refluxate with laryngeal mucosa, may trigger some cases of sudden infant death syndrome. Indeed, while LCR in mature mammals consist of protective responses, previous animal data have shown that LCR in immature newborns can include laryngospasm, ...
Gray Teresa R - - 2010
Methadone is standard pharmacotherapy for opioid-dependent pregnant women, yet the relationship between maternal methadone dose and neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) severity is still unclear. This research evaluated whether quantification of fetal methadone and drug exposure via meconium would reflect maternal dose and predict neonatal outcomes. Prospective clinical study. An urban ...
Zhang Bing - - 2011
We investigated whether maternal and paternal cigarette smoking during early pregnancy could increase the risk of delivering an infant with an orofacial cleft. A case-control study was carried out in China. 304 infants born with an isolated nonsyndromic oral cleft and 453 non-malformed controls were recruited as participants and their ...
Higgins Stephen T ST Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, 1 South Prospect Street, Burlington, VT 05401, USA. - - 2010
This study examined whether smoking cessation using voucher-based contingency management (CM) improves birth outcomes. Data were combined from three controlled trials. Each of the trials was conducted in the same research clinic devoted to smoking and pregnancy. Participants (n=166) were pregnant women who participated in trials examining the efficacy of ...
Gad Ashraf - - 2010
Atrial flutter is a serious form of neonatal tachyarrhythmia. Maternal drug use of cocaine and/or opiate is associated with central and autonomic nervous signs in fetuses and newborn infants. The fetal cardiovascular effects of cocaine and opiate exposure are not well characterized. We present the case of isolated atrial flutter ...
Ashford Kristin B - - 2010
To examine the relationship between prenatal secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure, preterm birth and immediate neonatal outcomes by measuring maternal hair nicotine. Cross-sectional, observational design. A metropolitan Kentucky birthing center. Two hundred and ten (210) mother-baby couplets. Nicotine in maternal hair was used as the biomarker for prenatal SHS exposure collected ...
Azar Rima - - 2010
prenatal tobacco exposure (PTE) is an important public health concern for the offspring of teen mothers. We examined whether PTE is associated with baseline cortisol levels in four-month-old infants of teenage mothers. we assessed salivary cortisol levels of 212 infants. PTE was measured by using self-reports of cigarette smoking during ...
LaGasse Linda L LL Center for the Study of Children at Risk, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Women & Infants Hospital, Providence, RI, USA. - - 2011
Methamphetamine (MA) use among pregnant women is a world-wide problem, but little is known of its impact on exposed infants. The prospective, controlled longitudinal Infant Development, Environment and Lifestyle (IDEAL) study of prenatal MA exposure from birth to 36 months was conducted in the US and NZ. The US cohort ...
Dietz Patricia M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although prenatal smoking continues to decline, it remains one of the most prevalent preventable causes of infant morbidity and mortality in the U.S. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to estimate the proportion of preterm deliveries, term low birth weight deliveries, and infant deaths attributable to prenatal smoking. ...
Daly Justine B - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of infant exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) among infants attending child health clinics in regional NSW; the association between such exposure and household smoking behaviours; and the factors associated with smoking restrictions in households with infants. METHODS: Parents completed a computer-based questionnaire and infant ...
Yilmaz Gonca - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the route of tobacco smoke exposure on urinary cotinine levels of infants. A cross-sectional analysis was done on 254 six-month-old infants. The infants were grouped according to the route of tobacco smoke exposure. The urinary cotinine/creatinine ratios were determined. ...
Bandstra Emmalee S - - 2010
This manuscript provides an overview of the current scientific literature on the impact of maternal drug use, specifically opioids and cocaine, during pregnancy on the acute and long-term outcomes of infants and toddlers from birth through age 3 years. Emphasis with regard to opioids is placed on heroin and opioid ...
Boix Hector - - 2010
Many authors described the effects on the fetus of maternal cocaine abuse during pregnancy. Vasoconstriction appears to be the common mechanism of action leading to a wide range of fetal anomalies. We report on an infant with multiple cranial-nerve involvement attributable to brainstem dysgenesis, born to a cocaine-addicted mother.
Prabhu Nanda N Academic Child Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZG, - - 2010
Maternal smoking in pregnancy is associated with reduced birth weight and childhood lung function. This study determined when maternal smoking first influences fetal growth and how this relates to childhood respiratory outcomes. A longitudinal cohort of 1924 pregnant women was recruited. Fetal ultrasound measurements at 11 weeks (crown-rump length, CRL) ...
Jansson Lauren M LM Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. - - 2010
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) expression is widely variable among affected infants and the reasons for this variability are largely unknown; mechanisms that predispose infants to NAS expression are not understood. It has been postulated that the regulatory problems of prenatally drug exposed infants are manifested in dysfunctional vagal regulation of ...
Northcross Amanda - - 2010
As a part of a longitudinal study in the highlands of Guatemala to elicit the chronic health effects of wood smoke from cooking, mean area and personal 48 h concentrations of 2.5 microm particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO) were measured every 3 months over 19 months. Monitoring was ...
Harper Ronald M - - 2010
Current evidence suggests that multiple neural mechanisms contribute to the fatal lethal event in SIDS. The processes may develop from a range of otherwise seemingly-innocuous circumstances, such as unintended external airway obstruction or accidental extreme flexion of the head of an already-compromised structure of the infant upper airway. The fatal ...
Fertig Angela R AR Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA. - - 2010
There is a debate about the extent to which the effect of prenatal smoking on infant health outcomes is causal. Poor outcomes could be attributable to mother characteristics, which are correlated with smoking. I examine the importance of selection on the effect of prenatal smoking by using three British cohorts ...
Cohen Gary - - 2010
Newborn infants of smokers show symptoms of cardiovascular stress hyperreactivity. Persistent hyperreactivity could increase the risk of short- and/or long-term complications, such as hypertension. Here we determined whether incipient dysfunction in a smoker's infant persists or worsens with age, by comparing cardiovascular reflex function of control and tobacco-exposed infants longitudinally ...
Bergkvist Charlotte - - 2010
Effective risk assessment and management are often hampered by a lack of reliable exposure data. The probabilistic exposure assessment approach takes into account individual variations in exposure, and thus, overly conservative estimates based on worst case scenarios can be avoided. The aim was to provide reliable information on the intake ...
Nilsen Roy M - - 2010
Maternal folate status and smoking are potentially strong risk factors for infant birth size. We assessed the association of several folate indicators and smoking with birth outcomes in a subsample of participants in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, consisting of 2934 singleton pregnancies in 2002-2003. Blood plasma folate ...
Peck Jennifer David - - 2010
This study of tobacco exposure and auditory processes was conducted in a predominantly low-income population of 40 pregnant women and their newborns. Urinary cotinine concentrations and self-reported smoking status were obtained from the mother during the first prenatal care visit. Auditory brainstem-evoked responses (ABRs) were recorded in neonates to assess ...
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