Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 896
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Sasaki S - - 2006
Genetic susceptibility to tobacco smoke might have relation to adverse pregnancy outcomes. To estimate the effects of maternal smoking and genetic polymorphisms on infant birth weight and length, we conducted a prospective cohort study of 293 women who delivered singleton live births in Sapporo, Japan. Birth weight and length were ...
Lakhanpaul M - - 2006
Systemic drug exposure following the application of topical agents is a very important safety consideration, particularly in infants, who have a significantly higher ratio of body surface area to body mass than older children and adults. Here, we report on drug exposure in five infants aged 5.7-11.9 months at baseline, ...
Karr Catherine - - 2006
We examined the association of infant bronchiolitis with acute exposure to ambient air pollutants. We employed a time-stratified case-crossover method and based the exposure windows on a priori, biologically based hypotheses. We evaluated effects in 19,901 infants in the South Coast Air Basin of California in 1995-2000 with a hospital ...
Kaneita Yoshitaka - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Passive smoking is a well-known health hazard for infants. This study was conducted to: (1) estimate the prevalence of passive smoking among Japanese infants and (2) clarify the prevalence of indoor smoking and associating factors among parents having infants. METHODS: Subjects were all 53,575 infants born throughout Japan on ...
880-01 Feng-Chiao, Su
Thesis (M.A.)--National Taiwan University Graduate Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene
Källén Bengt - - 2006
The original report published in 2001 on a possible association between maternal use of loratadine and an increased risk of infant hypospadias, based on data in the Swedish Medical Birth Register 1995-2001, has been followed up by continued surveillance in the same register. The original "signal" was based on 15 ...
Infante-Rivard Claire - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the role of xenobiotic-metabolizing gene variants as risk factors for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births or as modifiers for the effects of exposures such as maternal smoking. METHODS: We conducted 2 joint studies: a case-control design including 493 cases (birth weight below the 10th percentile according to ...
Carter Sarnia - - 2006
AIMS: This study investigated associations between smoking and maternal asthma and two indicators of pregnancy outcome: birth weight and preterm delivery. METHODS: Data were gathered as part of the Pacific Islands Families (PIF) Study. Mothers of a cohort of 1398 Pacific infants born in South Auckland, New Zealand during 2000 ...
Thompson Francis - - 2006
The tobacco control policy tools developed in a few rich countries in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s are currently being implemented widely in many poorer countries, thanks in part to the astonishing success of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). With smoking rates already high in most of the ...
Berkowitz Zahava - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: This study examined birth outcomes in five towns in Shoshone County, Idaho, where residents were exposed to high levels of lead in air emissions during a 6-month period after a fire had damaged the main baghouse (pollution-control device) of a local lead smelter plant in September 1973. METHODS: We ...
Gaultney Jane F - - 2005
The authors used the Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence (J. F. Fagan, L. T. Singer, J. E. Montie, & P. A. Shepherd, 1986) to examine preferences for novelty and to evaluate several indicators of attention (off- and on-task indexes and durations) in 6- and 9-month-old infants who had been prenatally ...
Aycicek Ali - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Smoking has many adverse health effects in infants and adults. The purpose of the study was to study the effect of passive cigarette smoking on oxidative and antioxidative status of plasma in passive smoker infants and their mothers and to compare with those of non-smokers. METHODS: Subjects were randomly ...
Singer Lynn T - - 2005
The present study examined the relationship of prenatal cocaine exposure to infant information processing in the first year of life.In a prospective, longitudinal study of 177 cocaine-exposed and 175 non-exposed infants, the Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence (FTII) was used to measure attention, visual recognition memory and information processing speed ...
Thaithumyanon Pimolrat - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the perinatal impacts of heroin and amphetamine on both mothers and infants. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This is a retrospective study on the influence of amphetamine and heroin on pregnant women and their newborn infants at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital in Bangkok, Thailand, between January 1997 and December ...
Lahr Martin B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains the number 1 cause of postneonatal infant death. Prone infant sleep position and maternal smoking have been established as risk factors for SIDS mortality. Some studies have found that bedsharing is associated with SIDS, but, to date, there is only strong evidence for ...
Cubells Joseph F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cocaine can induce transient psychotic symptoms. We examined the phenomenology of such cocaine-induced psychosis (CIP) using a modified version of the Scale for Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS), a well-validated instrument for the assessment of schizophrenic psychosis. METHODS: We developed a new instrument, the Scale for Assessment of Positive ...
Schiller Cassandra - - 2005
Maternal cocaine use during pregnancy continues to be of great concern for health care professionals. Research in this area has increased as investigators examine the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure in the infant/young child. This paper will critically review the literature, identify the primary care needs of infants and young ...
Bauer Charles R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between cocaine exposure during pregnancy and medical conditions in newborn infants from birth through hospital discharge. DESIGN: Multisite, prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Brown University, University of Miami, University of Tennessee (Memphis), and Wayne State University. Subjects A total of 717 cocaine-exposed infants and 7442 nonexposed infants. ...
Tronick E Z - - 2005
Prenatal cocaine and opiate exposure are thought to subtly compromise social and emotional development. The authors observed a large sample of 236 cocaine-exposed and 459 nonexposed infants (49 were opiate exposed and 646 nonexposed) with their mothers in the face-to-face still-face paradigm. Infant and maternal behaviors were microanalytically coded. No ...
Painter Rebecca C - - 2005
Low birth weight is associated with cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Poor maternal nutrition during gestation contributes to low birth weight. In this paper, we review the findings from a cohort of 2414 people, aged 50 years, born as term singletons around the time of the 1944-1945 Dutch famine, of which ...
Green Ronald - - 2005
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a plasticizer used in medical products made with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic and may be toxic to humans. DEHP is lipophilic and binds noncovalently to PVC, allowing it to leach from these products. Medical devices containing DEHP are used extensively in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). ...
Parazzini Fabio - - 2005
We have analysed data collected on 1962 women who gave birth at 37 or more weeks of gestation to health infants (excluding those with a low birth weight and twins). In comparison with non-smoking parents, the odds ratio (OR) of being male was lower than unity for offsprings of both ...
Takimoto Hidemi - - 2005
AIM: To investigate possible factors related to the recent rise in prevalence of low-birth-weight (LBW) infants in Japan. METHODS: A data set comprising 11,746 infants from the Children and Infant Growth Surveys (1980, 1990, and 2000) was analyzed. RESULTS: The proportion of LBW infants was 4.2% in 1980, 6.1% in ...
Ramesh K N - - 2005
A study was undertaken to 1) determine the effects of tobacco smoke exposure on maternal and neonatal weight and body mass index (BMI) and placental weight, volume and surface area and 2) establish any correlations between the placental surface area, volume and weight with maternal and neonatal body weight and ...
Perera F P - - 2005
Inner-city minority populations are high-risk groups for adverse birth outcomes and also more likely to be exposed to environmental contaminants, including environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), benzo[a]pyrene B[a]P, other ambient polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (global PAHs), and residential pesticides. The Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) is conducting a prospective cohort ...
Schuetze Pamela - - 2006
This study examined the association between maternal smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) during pregnancy and infant heart rate. Participants were 62 mother-infant dyads where mother smoked during pregnancy, 47 dyads where mother did not smoke during pregnancy but was exposed to ETS and 47 dyads where mother ...
Aycicek Ali - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of passive cigarette smoking on the oxidative and anti-oxidative status of plasma in infants. Eighty-four infants aged 6-28 weeks were divided into two groups: the study group included infants who had been exposed to passive smoking via at least five ...
Hafström Ola - - 2005
Exposure to tobacco smoke is a major risk factor for the sudden infant death syndrome. Nicotine is thought to be the ingredient in tobacco smoke that is responsible for a multitude of cardiorespiratory effects during development, and pre- rather than postnatal exposure is considered to be most detrimental. Nicotine interacts ...
Matturri Luigi - - 2005
Cigarette smoking is associated with an increased incidence of atherosclerotic diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the progression of the pre atherosclerotic lesions previously observed by us in coronary arteries of fetuses of smoker mothers and in infants with smoker parents. We examined the coronary arteries of ...
Erk Marijana - - 2005
Tissue and subcellular accumulation of cadmium were studied in different tissues of three marine invertebrates (blue mussel Mytilus edulis, the tunicate Ciona intestinalis and the sea star Asterias rubens) using radioactive 109Cd as a tracer. The organisms were exposed to 0.05, 2 and 50 microg Cd l(-1) for 21 days. ...
Chan Chang-Chuan - - 2005
The extent to which occupational exposure to ozone in ambient air can affect lung function remains unclear. We conducted a panel study in 43 mail carriers by measuring their peak expiratory flow rates (PEFRs) twice daily for 6 weeks in 2001. The daily exposure of each mail carrier to O3, ...
Minnes Sonia S Department of General Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA. - - 2005
The effects of prenatal cocaine use on quality of maternal-infant interactions were evaluated using the Nursing Child Assessment Feeding Scale (NCAFS). A total of 341 (155 cocaine using; 186 non-cocaine using) low socioeconomic, primarily African-American dyads were evaluated longitudinally at birth, 6.5, and 12 months. Group differences over time were ...
Bhat R Y - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Term newborns can compensate fully for an imposed dead space (tube breathing) by increasing their minute ventilation. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that infants of smoking mothers would have an impaired response to tube breathing. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Perinatal service. PATIENTS: Fourteen infants of smoking and 24 infants ...
Beauman Sandra Sundquist - - 2005
The nursing care of infants experiencing withdrawal from drug abuse through passive exposure is often challenging. These infants are at higher risk for many medical complications in addition to withdrawal itself. Often, infusion nurses play an important role in caring for an infant with drug withdrawal by providing infusion therapy ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We set out to assess the influence of advanced maternal age on fetal morbidity associated with smoking during pregnancy in a population-based retrospective study of 7 792 990 singleton live births between 1995 and 1997 in the United States with documented maternal smoking habit. METHODS: The study group consisted ...
Schuetze Pamela P Department of Psychology, SUNY College at Buffalo, 1300 Elmwood Avenue, Buffalo, New York 14222-1095, USA. - - 2006
To examine the association between maternal cocaine use during pregnancy and physiological measures of regulation, which included heart rate (HR) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). Potential mediators and moderators of this association were explored. Participants were 141 mother-infant dyads (77 cocaine exposed and 64 nonexposed) recruited at birth. Average infant ...
Ludvigsson Jonas F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In adults, smoking seems to give protection against coeliac disease (CD). But, only one study has thus far investigated the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and risk of CD in offspring. However, that study did not adjust for duration of exclusive breastfeeding, or look at passive smoking after ...
Petrou Stavros - - 2005
Although the health sequelae of smoking during pregnancy are well documented, relatively little is known about its long-term economic implications. The objective of this study was to analyse individual-level data on maternal smoking behaviour and sociodemographic, perinatal and resource utilisation variables in order to estimate the association between smoking during ...
Blackburn Clare - - 2005
Protecting infants from exposure to parental tobacco smoke is key to positive health outcomes in childhood and later life. While mothers' smoking has been well researched, fathers' smoking has received little attention. This paper reports data from a cross-sectional survey of 286 smoking fathers in the English Midlands, interviewed when ...
Reijneveld Sijmen A - - 2005
AIM: To examine the association of excessive infant crying with maternal smoking during and after pregnancy, paternal smoking, and smoking by other people in the living environment of the infant. METHODS: We collected data on infant crying and smoking in a Dutch national sample of 5845 infants aged 0-3 mo ...
Lacasaña Marina - - 2005
Over the last years, concern for the possible influence of exposure to air pollutants in children during gestation or the first years of life has grown; exposure levels which may be reached nowadays in our dwellings and in our streets. In the present study evidence over the possible impact of ...
Ozkan Behzat - - 2005
Maternal smoking is considered to be a risk factor for low birth weight. It is hypothesized that alteration in leptin concentration may be associated with reduced fetal growth. In this study, we assess the effect of smoking during pregnancy on maternal and neonatal serum leptin concentrations, and also on breast ...
Jaeger Rudolph J - - 2005
Plasticizers leach from polyvinyl chloride medical devices into infusion fluids. One plasticizer frequently found is di-2-ethylhexylphthalate. The Food and Drug Administration estimates that di-2-ethylhexylphthalate exposure exceeding a daily tolerable intake of 0.6 mg/kg per day may harm newborns, especially males. Exposure 20 times the tolerable intake or more may be ...
Bradley Joseph P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis is a common cause of hospitalizations in children and has been increasingly identified as a risk factor in the development of asthma. Little is known about what determines the severity of RSV bronchiolitis, which may be helpful in the initial assessment of these children. ...
Elms J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: In May 2001, a maximum exposure limit (MEL) for flour dust was set in the UK at 10 mg/m(3) [8 h time-weighted average (TWA)] with a short-term exposure limit (STEL) of 30 mg/m(3) (15 min reference period). The purpose of this study was to produce a benchmarking baseline of ...
Laine Kari - - 2004
Paroxetine, like other SSRIs, is reported not to increase the number of malformations in infants exposed to these drugs in utero. However, late pregnancy exposure to SSRIs sometimes leads to perinatal complications resembling the symptoms seen in serotonergic overstimulation. We report here a case of third trimester paroxetine exposure with ...
Lavezzi Anna Maria - - 2004
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is the most important risk factor for sudden perinatal and infant death in more industrialized countries. The frequent observation of hypoplasia of the arcuate nucleus in the brainstem of these victims prompted the verification of whether maternal cigarette smoking could be related to defective development of ...
Fayol L - - 2005
To investigate the influence of maternal smoke exposure on neonatal and maternal antioxidant status, 39 mothers who were active smokers, 14 mothers exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), 17 controls, and their newborns were included in a prospective, controlled study. Plasma total antioxidant capacity, measured as total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter ...
Latini Giuseppe - - 2004
Since the 1930s, plasticizers have been used to impart flexibility to an otherwise rigid polyvinylchloride (PVC). Di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP) is the most widely used plasticizer in PVC formulations. However, DEHP leaks out from PVC items with time and use and consequently it is an ubiquitous environmental contaminant. To date, very little ...
Hughes John R - - 2004
Two samples of adult daily smokers completed a structured interview to determine nicotine dependence according to generic (DSM-IV/ICD-10), Fagerström [Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ), Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), Heavy Smoking Index (HSI), and time to first cigarette after awakening (TFC)], consumption [e.g., cigarettes/day (CPD)], and self-rating (e.g., "how addicted ...
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