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Patel Anisha - - 2010
Transdermal testosterone gels are used in the treatment of hypoandrogenism of males. Virilization due to exposure to testosterone gels has been reported in children resulting in a US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warning about secondary exposure to these products. At present, we are unaware of prenatal virilization associated with ...
Kehl Doris - - 2010
The aims of the present study were to examine relations between parents' self-reported smoking behavior and infants' daily exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, as assessed by urinary cotinine-to-creatinine ratio (CCR), and to describe the CCR over seven days among infants at home. A convenience sample of 27 households was drawn. ...
Johnston Vanessa - - 2010
Acute respiratory illness (ARI) is the most common cause of acute presentations and hospitalisations of young Indigenous children in Australia and New Zealand (NZ). Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) from household smoking is a significant and preventable contributor to childhood ARI. This paper describes the protocol for a study which aims ...
Braun Joe M JM Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7435, USA. - - 2010
The evaluation of infant meconium as a cumulative matrix of prenatal toxicant exposure requires comparison to established biomarkers of prenatal exposure. We calculated the frequency of detection and concentration of tobacco smoke metabolites measured in meconium (nicotine, cotinine, and trans-3'-hydroxycotinine concentrations) and three serial serum cotinine concentrations taken during the ...
Ashford Kristin B - - 2010
Pregnant women often underreport their smoking status and extent of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Biomarker confirmation is the recommended method to assess smoking behaviors and SHS exposure in both mothers and infants. Objectives: The primary aims are to (a) examine the relationship between smoking behaviors and SHS exposure in mother-baby ...
Okah Felix A - - 2010
The ponderal index (PI) is evaluated in the context of its distribution within a given population. Low PI (<10th percentile for gestational age) has been extensively studied but not much is known about the distribution and factors associated with a high (>90th percentile) PI among small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. This retrospective ...
Goldstein L H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infantile exposure to macrolides has been associated with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis causing projectile vomiting, dehydration, electrolyte abnormalities, and in rare cases death possibly via macrolide interaction with gastric motilin receptors. Large population-based cohorts have suggested that exposure to macrolides via breastmilk may be associated with pyloric stenosis. METHODS: In ...
Gray Teresa R - - 2009
The Infant Development Environment and Lifestyle study is investigating the effects of prenatal methamphetamine (MAMP) exposure on infant and child development; potential concurrent exposure to cannabis and tobacco also are evaluated. Maternal self-reported drug use and/or meconium toxicology results defined drug exposure status. It is unclear how the frequency, duration, ...
Warburton W - - 2010
To determine whether risk for adverse neonatal outcomes are reduced by stopping SSRI use before the end of pregnancy. Using population health data, maternal health and prenatal SSRI prescriptions were linked to neonatal birth records (N = 119,547) (1998-2001). Neonates SSRI-exposed in the last 14 days (L14) of gestation were ...
Murdzoska Jasminka - - 2010
RATIONALE: Xenobiotics in the maternal circulation are capable of crossing the placental barrier so a reduction in the mother and fetus's detoxification ability due to genetic variation in the glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) could expose the fetus to higher levels of toxins. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the interactive effects of maternal smoking ...
Tegethoff Marion - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Synthetic glucocorticoids are commonly used in reproductive medicine. Fetal organ systems are highly sensitive to changes in the intrauterine environment, including overexposure to glucocorticoids. Structural and functional alterations resulting from such changes may persist throughout life and have been associated with diverse diseases. One system that could be particularly ...
Lachenmeier Dirk W - - 2010
Benzene was previously detected as a heat-induced contaminant in infant carrot juices. This study shows that carrot juice contains substances such as beta-carotene, phenylalanine or terpenes that may act as precursors for benzene formation during food processing. As benzene exposure has been associated with childhood leukaemia and other cancers, this ...
Kabir Z - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: It is well-established that maternal smoking has adverse birth outcomes (low birthweight, LBW, and preterm births). The comprehensive Irish workplace smoking ban was successfully introduced in March 2004. We examined LBW and preterm birth rates 1 year before and after the workplace smoking ban in Dublin. DESIGN: A cross-sectional ...
Pawluski Jodi L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated neonatal S100B levels as a biomarker of prenatal selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) exposure. METHODS: Maternal (delivery; N = 53) and neonatal (cord; N = 52) serum S100B levels were compared between prenatally SSRI-exposed (maternal, N = 36; neonatal, N = 37; duration: 230 +/- 71 ...
Tielsch James M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Exposure to indoor air pollution due to open burning of biomass fuel is common in low- and middle-income countries. Previous studies linked this exposure to an increased risk of respiratory illness, low birth weight (LBW) and other disorders. We assessed the association between exposure to biomass fuel sources and ...
Schuetze Pamela - - 2009
This study examined the association between prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) and autonomic regulation at 13 months of age. Measures of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) were obtained from 156 (79 exposed, and 77 nonexposed) infants during baseline and during tasks designed to elicit positive (PA) and negative affect (NA). There was ...
Karr Catherine J - - 2009
RATIONALE: Data regarding the influence of ambient air pollution on infant bronchiolitis are few. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the impact of several air pollutants and their sources on infant bronchiolitis. METHODS: Infants in the Georgia Air Basin of British Columbia with an inpatient or outpatient clinical encounter for bronchiolitis (n = ...
Paul Ian M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Nationally, 10%-15% of women report smoking during the last 3 months of pregnancy. Because the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (now the Joint Commission) requires all U.S. hospitals to be smoke-free, and because tobacco is addictive, the maternal desire to smoke after childbirth could lead to requests ...
Yolton Kimberly - - 2009
To examine the association between prenatal exposure to nicotine from tobacco smoke and infant neurobehavior using tobacco biomarkers and a sensitive and comprehensive measure of infant neurobehavior. Participants were 318 infants (206 White, 95 Black, 17 Other) and their mothers. Prenatal tobacco smoke exposure was measured twice during pregnancy and ...
Shiva Farideh - - 2011
To define the trend in young children's exposure to parental secondhand smoke. Secondary analysis of data was done on families of infants between the ages of 6 and 24 months that had been enrolled for 2 cross-sectional studies in 2001 and 2008. Data from 648 families were analyzed. Overall, 29.8% ...
Johansson Anna L V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking has repeatedly been associated with increased infant mortality rates. No study has investigated whether smoking cessation influences the risk of infant death. This study estimates infant mortality after the second pregnancy in relation to smoking behavior in both the first and the second pregnancy. METHODS: We used ...
Fenercioglu Aysen Kutan - - 2009
Most of the previous studies have shown a significant inverse relationship between smoking during pregnancy and weight, height and head circumference of infants at birth, but there is limited literature that assesses the head circumference measures of infants of smoker mothers in postnatal follow-up. The aim of this study was ...
Sasaki Seiko - - 2009
It has been recognized that metabolic enzymes mediating genetic susceptibility to environmental chemicals such as polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls might be related to adverse human health. Recent studies, including the Hokkaido Study of Environmental and Children's Health, have shown that metabolic enzymes mediating genetic susceptibility to environmental ...
Shen Xia - - 2009
An infant with a large subglottic papilloma that caused severe respiratory distress needed anesthesia during resection of the papilloma. We planned an approach to the airway management this infant that we thought would be successful. We used three main tactics in managing the airway - inhaled sevoflurane, intravenous fentanyl and ...
Stroud Laura R - - 2009
To investigate the influence of prospectively measured smoking during pregnancy on aspects of neonatal behavior in a large community sample. Participants were mothers and infants from the Providence, Rhode Island, cohort of the National Collaborative Perinatal Project enrolled between 1960 and 1966. Mothers with pregnancy/medical complications and infants with medical ...
Waters Thaddeus P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate morbidities among neonates with a history of remote antenatal corticosteroid (ACS) exposure compared to those with recent exposure. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective-cohort study of neonates born at 30-33 6/7 weeks gestational age. The primary outcome was newborn respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) defined by the persistent ...
Thiriez Gérard - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Tobacco smoke exposure increases the risk of premature birth and of dying of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Prematurity significantly increases the risk of dying of SIDS, but mechanisms underlying this epidemiological finding are unclear. The cumulated effect of both prematurity and prenatal exposure to nicotine on autonomic heart ...
Eiden Rina D - - 2009
This study examined the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on infant hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity and reactivity at 7 months of infant age. Participants were 168 caregiver-infant dyads (87 cocaine exposed, 81 not cocaine exposed; 47% boys). Maternal behavior, caregiving instability, and infant growth and behavior were assessed, and children's saliva ...
Currie Janet - - 2009
We examine the impact of three "criteria" air pollutants on infant health in New Jersey in the 1990s by combining information about mother's residential location from birth certificates with information from air quality monitors. Our work offers three important innovations. First, we use the exact addresses of mothers to select ...
Avdalovic Mark - - 2009
The direct effect of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in utero on the development of the lung parenchyma is not known. We used design-based stereologic methods to evaluate in utero and postnatal ETS exposure on alveolar and respiratory bronchiole (RB) development in the rhesus macaque. Timed-pregnant rhesus macaques and their ...
Gray Teresa R - - 2009
Meconium analysis can detect fetal exposure to drugs taken by the mother during pregnancy. Methamphetamine (MAMP) and amphetamine (AMP) have previously been observed in meconium of MAMP-exposed neonates; the presence of other metabolites has not been investigated. Detection of such analytes may lead to more sensitive identification and thus improved ...
Dassonville C - - 2009
Exposure to indoor chemical air pollutants expected to be potentially involved in allergic respiratory diseases in infants is poorly documented. A specific environmental investigation included in a birth cohort study was carried out to first assess indoor airborne aldehyde levels, using passive devices and their variability within 1 year (1, ...
Lewis Marilyn W - - 2009
Prenatal cocaine exposure and the role of gender were evaluated using risk factor analyses to determine whether 6-month-old cocaine-exposed male infants demonstrated greater disruptions in infant-caregiver socioemotional interactions during a Still-Face test. Overall, non-cocaine-exposed infants spent more time looking at toys, compared with cocaine-exposed infants; nonexposed female infants spent more ...
Badran E - - 2009
To study exposure to environmental tobacco smoke during the first year of life, 220 infants attending the outpatient paediatric clinic of the University of Jordan for routine visits with their mothers were recruited to the study. Mothers completed a questionnaire about smoking habits of household members, and urine samples were ...
Huebner Judith D - - 2009
We examined the effects of daily (chronic) exposure to artificial UVB radiation on the survival and reproduction of Daphnia magna over two generations. Control and experimental animals in each generation (parental and F1) were exposed to 16 h of UVA radiation and photosynthetically active radiation daily. In addition, experimental animals ...
Chiriboga Claudia A - - 2009
In experimental models, prenatal cocaine exposure has been found to perturb monoaminergic development of systems implicated in modulating attention. To determine whether prenatal cocaine exposure affects infant attention, we assessed visual recognition memory and focused attention during free play. We enrolled at birth 380 infants, 113 cocaine exposed, using multiple ...
McCowan Lesley M E LM Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2009
To compare pregnancy outcomes between women who stopped smoking in early pregnancy and those who either did not smoke in pregnancy or continued to smoke. Prospective cohort study. Auckland, New Zealand and Adelaide, Australia. 2504 nulliparous women participating in the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study grouped by maternal smoking ...
Gray Ron R National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK. - - 2009
To quantify the contribution of smoking during pregnancy to social inequalities in stillbirth and infant death. Population based retrospective cohort study. Scottish hospitals between 1994 and 2003. Records of 529 317 singleton live births and 2699 stillbirths delivered at 24-44 weeks' gestation in Scotland from 1994 to 2003. Rates of ...
Budak Gürer G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential hazardous effects of intrauterine (IU) and/or extrauterine (EU) exposure to 1800 MHz Global System for Mobile Communications-like (GSM-like) radiofrequency (RF) on the cochlear functions of infant rabbits by measuring distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) response amplitudes. METHODS: Thirty-six white ...
Eugenín Jaime - - 2008
Nicotine is a neuroteratogen and is the likely link between maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Osmotic minipumps were implanted in 5-7 d CF1 pregnant mice to deliver nicotine bitartrate (60 mg Kg(-1) day(-1)) or saline (control) solutions for up to 28 d. Prenatal to ...
Luo Yan-Rui - - 2008
The developmental toxicity of 1-methyl-3-octylimidazolium bromide ([C(8)mim]Br) on Daphnia magna was investigated. The 24 and 48 h LC(50) values for [C(8)mim]Br in D. magna were 1.99 and 0.95 mg/L, respectively. A series of multigenerational toxicity tests were then used to explore [C(8)mim]Br effects in D. magna. [C(8)mim]Br significantly inhibited the ...
Schuetze Pamela - - 2008
We examined the association between prenatal exposure to cigarettes and adrenocortical responses to stress in 7-month-old infants. Cortisol levels were assessed twice prior to and twice following affect-eliciting procedures in 111 (59 exposed and 52 nonexposed) infants. Cortisol reactivity was defined as the difference between the peak poststressor cortisol level ...
Yilmaz Gonca - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of passive tobacco smoking on growth and infection rate of infants, and to evaluate whether breast-feeding might be protective against harmful effects of cigarette smoke. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on 254 6-7-month-old infants was carried out. A questionnaire ...
Yu Yunxian - - 2009
Factor V (F5) genetic variants and maternal smoking during pregnancy individually has been associated with increased risk of preterm delivery (PTD). We hypothesize that F5 gene and maternal smoking may synergistically increase the risk of PTD. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in F5 gene (rs6019, rs2213869 and rs6022) were genotyped ...
Kabir Zubair - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking is associated with low birthweight (LBW). LBW prevalence is increasing in the US. However, it is unclear whether a fall in maternal smoking has any impact on the LBW prevalence in Massachusetts, a state with a comprehensive tobacco control program since 1993. METHODS: Temporal patterns in prenatal ...
Stroud Laura R - - 2009
To examine effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on newborn neurobehavior at 10 to 27 days. Participants were 56 healthy infants (28 smoking-exposed, 28 unexposed) matched on maternal social class, age, and alcohol use. Maternal smoking during pregnancy was determined by maternal interview and maternal saliva cotinine. Postnatal smoke exposure ...
Tanaka Keiko - - 2008
PURPOSE: It remains controversial whether environmental tobacco smoke increases the risk of allergic diseases. The present prospective cohort study examined whether in utero exposure to maternal smoking and postnatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke were associated with the development of wheeze, asthma, and atopic eczema in Japanese infants. METHODS: Study ...
Yilmaz Gonca - - 2009
AIM: Toxic substances in tobacco smoke are known to have negative effects on the antioxidant capacity of human body. In order to investigate the effect of passive smoking on serum antioxidant levels in infants, serum vitamin A, E, C levels and urinary cotinine/creatinine levels were measured in 254 infants at ...
Vandenberg Laura N LN Tufts University School of Medicine, Department of Anatomy & Cellular Biology, 136 Harrison Ave, Boston, MA 02111, United - - 2008
Humans are routinely exposed to bisphenol-A (BPA), an estrogenic compound that leaches from consumer products. Given the sensitivity of the developing organism to hormones, exposure of fetuses and infants is a concern. Here, CD-1 mice were exposed to environmentally relevant doses of BPA during gestation and the lactational period (gestational ...
Gloria-Bottini Fulvia - - 2009
We investigated the possible influence of adenylate kinase genetic variability on the effect of maternal smoking on intrauterine selection and development. Adenylate kinase locus 1 belongs to a family of monophosphate kinases that plays an important role in the synthesis of nucleotides involved in several metabolic functions. Three hundred forty-five ...
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