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Results 401 - 450 of 491
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Ward C F - - 1984
Far from being more difficult, infants should be less difficult to anaesthetize . Generally the major organ systems, although not necessarily fully mature, are unsullied by smoking, alcohol consumption, atherosclerosis, assorted other pathology or simple wear and tear. Cardiac output is linked to heart rate and volume replacement, while oxygenation ...
McCornac D C - - 1984
Economic and social factors that explain variations in the consumption of distilled spirits among political jurisdictions are examined. Particular emphasis is placed on the economic roles of price and the unemployment rate. Using multivariate-analysis regression, equations are estimated for three separate time periods of 1970-1975. In addition, a pooled cross-sectional ...
West L J - - 1984
After heart disease and cancer, alcoholism is America's third largest health problem; it affects 10 million people, costs $ 60 billion, and is implicated in 200 000 deaths annually. Alcohol is involved in 50% of deaths by motor vehicle and fire, 67% of murders, and 33% of suicides. It contributes ...
Meirik O - - 1984
In a historical cohort study the outcome of the first birth after a legal 2nd trimester two-stage abortion induced with saline or prostaglandin F2 alpha was evaluated for 142 nulliparous and 65 parous women. The birth-outcome was compared with that for 180 parity-matched control women and for all women in ...
Poskitt E M - - 1984
Foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the combination of growth retardation, neurological impairment and abnormal facies shown by some infants born to alcoholic women. It seems likely that FAS only indicates a small proportion of the total damage inflicted on the foetus by maternal drinking. Levels of alcohol consumption below the ...
Hargreaves W A - - 1983
Selected behavioral and physiological effects of maintenance on (--)-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) were examined for 67 men beginning LAAM maintenance. Thirty-four began LAAM maintenance after 1 month or more on methadone; 33 others were using street heroin immediately before beginning LAAM. Subjects were followed for 20 weeks on LAAM; assessment focused on ...
Kozarevic D - - 1983
In a prospective study of more than 10000 Yugoslav men it was found that consumption of alcoholic beverages was inversely related to non-sudden death from coronary heart disease (CHD) and positively related to death from trauma. The consequence was an apparently U-shaped relation between alcohol consumption and death, the lowest ...
Rosett H L - - 1983
Effects of heavy, moderate, and rare alcohol consumption on fetal development were analyzed in a prospective study of 469 mother-infant pairs. Differential effects of heavy drinking in early and late gestation were evaluated by separate analysis of neonates born to women who reduced consumption before the third trimester. Using chi ...
Mikkelsen M - - 1983
A considerable reduction in number of livebirths for mothers over 35 was observed in Denmark from 1960 to 1980. Birthrates for those aged 35-39 fell by 58.8%, for those aged 40-44 by 78%. In 1979-1980 100 infants with Down syndrome were born among 116757 newborns, a birth prevalence of 0.86 ...
Chernick V - - 1983
Anthropometric data and computerized electroencaphalogram analysis during quiet, indeterminate, and active sleep were obtained from infants of mothers of four groups: (1) heavy drinking mothers (greater than 2 ounces of alcohol per day); (2) nondrinking mothers; (3) smoking, nondrinking mothers; (4) nonsmoking, nondrinking mothers. Infants in groups 1 and 2 ...
Hollstedt C - - 1983
The studies in man concerning foetal alcohol damage have mostly covered skid row female alcoholics, and no study has described the outcome of pregnancy of a larger group of women receiving inpatient care for alcoholism. In another study we have described the medical and social characteristics of such a group ...
Dexter J D - - 1983
The offspring of serial breedings of voluntary alcohol consuming Sinclair (S-1) miniature swine have been evaluated over the past three years. The first and second litters of 12 dams and the third litter of 6 dams were examined. All study animals had been consuming alcohol for at least 18 months ...
Verp M S - - 1983
The hypothesis that variation in Y-chromosome length is associated with repetitive fetal wastage was tested. Chromosome lengths were objectively quantitated by scanning photographic negatives of metaphases with a computer programmed to (1) select boundary thresholds and (2) construct and measure centerlines with a cubic spline-fitting algorithm. Variation in Y length ...
Gibson G T - - 1983
In a prospective study of 7,301 births, associations were sought between maternal alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use and several adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Apparent effects of alcohol use on prematurity, intrauterine growth retardation, congenital abnormalities and low Apgar score were consistent with previously reported work, but were not statistically significant. ...
Meirik O - - 1983
Altogether 4719 women who had had a legally induced abortion in Uppsala County during 1970-75 were followed by means of computerized record linkage, and deliveries during 1970-78 after abortion were noted. Out of 1 364 deliveries traced, 670 were to primiparas who had had a previous vacuum-aspiration (VA) abortion. The ...
Tzamaloukas A H - - 1982
We compared 56 paired measurements of osmolal gaps and serum ethyl alcohol levels in 15 anesthetized dogs. We then repeated these comparisons after correcting the osmolal gaps for the preceding (the administration of ethyl alcohol) difference between measured and calculated osmolalities. No statistical differences were observed between ethyl alcohol levels ...
Auconi P - - 1982
Genetic typing of serum transferrin was performed in a group of 88 extremely premature infants (gestation age less than 32 wk) and in a control group of 351 full-term infants, using isoelectric focusing technique on ultrathin layer of polyacrilamide gel. A major incidence of C2 type was found among the ...
Golden N L - - 1982
A prospective controlled study of the effect of fetal alcohol on infant development was performed. Twelve infants were identified as possibly having fetal alcohol effects based on the maternal history of alcohol abuse and the neonatal physical examination. Physical characteristics, growth, and development of these infants were compared with those ...
Karlaganis G - - 1982
Healthy infants and children were found to excrete bile alcohol glucuronides in urine. Following isolation and hydrolysis, the bile alcohols were estimated by capillary gas-liquid chromatography. The daily urinary excretion of the major compound, 27-nor-5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha, 7 alpha, 12 alpha, 24 xi, 25 xi-pentol (a C26 bile alcohol), ranged ...
Amankwah K S - - 1982
Peripheral nerves in the prepuces of eight newborns were studied in this investigation. The mothers of four of these newborns were alcohol abusers but did not smoke or take coffee. The other four mothers did not drink alcohol or coffee, nor did they smoke. Using a transmission electron microscope, the ...
Meirik O - - 1982
In a historical prospective study covering 1970-1978, the authors evaluated the outcome of delivery to 429 parous women subsequent to a legally induced first-trimester vacuum-aspiration abortion during 1970-1975 in Uppsala County, Sweden. This outcome was compared with the outcome of delivery to 391 randomly chosen matched parous women and that ...
Yeh T F - - 1982
A simple method to calculate oxygen consumption (VO2) and CO2 production (VCO2) over a 24-h period is described. VO2 and VCO2 were measured using flow-through technique and the total VO2 and VCO2 over a given period of time were determined from the area under the O2 and CO2 concentration-time curve ...
Cates W W - - 1982
Critics have challenged previous comparisons of mortality from legal abortion and childbirth for containing biases in the crude data that spuriously favor the safety of abortion. To evaluate this concern, we reviewed the sources of mortality data on which these comparisons are based and examined the completeness of abortion mortality ...
Alexander C B - - 1982
A population of persons who were found, at death, to have significant levels of isopropyl alcohol (isopropanol) in their blood is described. The role of isopropanol in causing death is reviewed in 57 fatal cases. The contribution of acetone, the major metabolite of isopropanol, to death is assessed. Results indicate ...
Dubey J P - - 1982
Six dogs inoculated with the GT-1 strain of Toxoplasma gondii aborted or gave birth to kids transplacentally infected with T gondii. In the next breeding season, does were bred to a T gondii-negative buck. Four of the 6 does gave birth to kids not infected with T gondii. At 139 ...
Townsend J C - - 1982
To determine whether paternal exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) or other polychlorinated dioxins might be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, an interviewer-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among wives of Dow Michigan Division employees in the Midland, Michigan, area who had been potentially exposed to dioxins. A control group consisted of wives ...
Makanjuola J D - - 1982
The pattern and severity of alcohol withdrawal in 49 alcohol dependent subjects admitted to the Manchester Detoxification Centre are described. Assessment over 10 days involved the use of the Selected Severity Assessment Scale (SSA) and allocation of patients to subgroups of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome. There were associations between tremor, ...
Seshadri R - - 1982
The incidence of SCE in the lymphocytes of mothers and their newborn infants was determined. A detailed antenatal history of parental habits such as smoking, alcohol consumption and possible exposure to DNA-damaging agents was documented. The results showed that the SCE rate in the newborn is significantly less than that ...
Kurz K H - - 1982
320 medicated IUDs were removed from 292 women by means of the dynamometer. This instrument indicates the highest retention force (HRF) in newtons (N). Ages of the women ranged from 17-50 years. The IUDs were fitted in nulligravidae (56%), nulliparous with 1 or more abortions (13%), primiparous (18%), and multiparous ...
Wright C G - - 1982
Scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis, and x-ray powder diffraction were used to study temporal bone specimens obtained at autopsy from an infant with Potter syndrome and from a second trimester fetus, which was the product of an elective abortion. The mothers of both the infant and fetus were juvenile-onset ...
Geertinger P - - 1982
In some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) the intestinal flora was found to be dominated by Candida albicans. Microbiologic investigations of the various organs showed the occasional presence of different Candida species, but not in the form of massive growth as in sepsis. There is no basis to ...
Henry N F - - 1982
Abortion rates in the United States have risen annually since the 1973 Supreme Court decision. The regions with the greatest rate increases are the Southern and Plains states; the lowest rate increases were in regions which had high abortion rates soon after abortion was legalized. While spatial contiguity appears to ...
Qazi Q H - - 1982
18 pregnant women identified as heavy drinkers by the criteria of Cahalan et al., gave birth to 6 normal infants, 5 infants with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and 7 with partial FAS. Average daily alcohol consumption of mothers of normal infants was less than that of mothers of FAS and ...
van der Westhuyzen J H - - 1981
An infant presented in the first week postpartum with markedly elevated serum osmolality of unknown origin. The cryptic osmols were identified as glycerol and alcohol and were traced to the contents of local phenobarbitone elixir administered to control neonatal convulsions. This report highlights the importance of recognizing the potential dangers ...
Grossman M - - 1981
The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the causes of the rapid decline in the infant mortality rate in the United States in the period after 1963. The roles of four public policies are considered: Medicaid, subsidized family planning services for low-income women, maternal and infant care ...
Selik R M - - 1981
One hundred six women were reported to have died from abortions (55 legal, 10 illegal, and 41 spontaneous) in the United States from 1975 through 1977. In reviewing these deaths, the authors developed a new approach to mortality studies. A catalogue was compiled of behavioral factors (including actions by physicians, ...
Simpson J L - - 1981
Parental chromosomal rearrangements represent a well-established cause of repetitive spontaneous abortions. However, the frequent of parental translocations varies widely in reported series, suggesting differences in ascertainment. For this reason a sample of individuals (120 women, 104 men) who had experienced spontaneous abortions but neither stillborn nor anomalous liveborn infants was ...
Guidotti R J - - 1981
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) has emerged as an important cause of death from legally induced abortion. In the period 1972-1978, 12 probably and three autopsy-confirmed cases of fatal AFE during legally induced abortion were identified in the United States (12% of all deaths from legal abortion). Fourteen deaths from AFE ...
Abel E L - - 1981
The clinical use of alcohol to delay premature labor is critically reviewed. The evidence indicates that this procedure is no more effective in arresting preterm labor than placebo, i.e., bed rest. The rational for the clinical use of alcohol in obstetrics is also questionable. Furthermore, increasing evidence indicates that the ...
Rodin A E - - 1981
A study of Hogarth's engraving, Gin Lane, highlights the fact that alcoholic addiction parents results not only in the fetal alcohol syndrome, but also in other types of infant abuse. Physical trauma, loss of parents, neglect, and malnutrition are all depicted. There is the strong implication that the causes of ...
Filly R A - - 1981
The femoral lengths of 70 normal fetuses, five short-limbed dwarfs, and two additional normal fetuses at risk for dwarfism were measured employing linear array real-time (rapid B-scan) ultrasonographic systems. Early results indicate that prenatal diagnosis of short-limbed dwarfs can be accomplished by this technique, in some instances early enough to ...
Streissguth A P - - 1981
An unselected sample of 1529 women (predominantly white, married, and middle-class) were interviewed during pregnancy regarding their use of alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, drugs, and other variables. Subsets of offspring were examined to assess the relationship of self-reported maternal alcohol use to infant health and development. Multiple regression statistical tests were ...
Silva V A - - 1981
Neonates born to mothers of low socioeconomic status were examined to assess the intrauterine effects of alcohol. Mothers' alcohol use during pregnancy ranged from abstention to heavy drinking. The newborns were randomly selected and examined without knowledge of the drinking history of the mothers. Likewise, the mothers' interviewers had no ...
Tennes K - - 1980
The effect of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy upon neonatal outcome was examined in 278 mother-infant dyads. Accounts of the mother's drug use as well as information about confounding factors were obtained by personal interviews on two occasions during pregnancy and again after delivery. The infants were examined by a ...
Cambre R C - - 1980
A 14-year-old, 76-kg female orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) aborted a premature fetus and within hours experienced severe respiratory distress and died. Necropsy revealed evidence of chronic airsacculitis, acute bronchopneumonia, and terminal sepsis. Escherichia coli was isolated from cultures of heart blood, tracheal fluid, air-sac tissue and fluid, lung, and bile. Retrospectively, ...
Russell R M - - 1980
The higher incidence of blue-yellow color blindness (tritanopia) found among alcoholics could be due to genetic or acquired factors. The acute administration of ethanol to alcoholics and normal subjects transiently resulted in poorer color discrimination in all spectra but with significantly more errors in the blue-yellow versus the red-green color ...
Little R E - - 1980
Fifty infants born to women who reported total abstinence during pregnancy, but who had a history of alcoholism prior to conception, were compared to 50 infants born to alcoholic women who reported drinking heavily during pregnancy, and to 50 infants of nonalcoholic controls. Mean birth weight of infants born to ...
Randall B - - 1980
There is a generally unrecognized epidemic of sudden, nonviolent deaths among alcohol abusers, largely due to fatty liver--related sudden deaths (FLDs). Using data from the North Carolina Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, 411 cases of FLD were identified from 1972 through 1976. The 411 FLD deaths, in view of ...
Bauman K E - - 1980
Using states as the units for analysis, we found no evidence that during the early 1970s in the United States the legalization of abortions influenced trends in infant mortality rates. If fetal deaths were reduced by legal abortions during that period then the influence was modest and brief. These conclusions ...
Vejtorp M - - 1980
The outcome of 338 pregnancies complicated by serologically confirmed rubella after the 12th week of gestation is reported. Therapeutic abortions were performed on 93 women, 1 pregnancy resulted in a spontaneous abortion and 5 in stillbirths. Cord blood or a sample collected at an age of 0--2 months from 209 ...
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