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Results 401 - 450 of 477
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Gibson G T - - 1983
In a prospective study of 7,301 births, associations were sought between maternal alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use and several adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Apparent effects of alcohol use on prematurity, intrauterine growth retardation, congenital abnormalities and low Apgar score were consistent with previously reported work, but were not statistically significant. ...
Meirik O - - 1983
Altogether 4719 women who had had a legally induced abortion in Uppsala County during 1970-75 were followed by means of computerized record linkage, and deliveries during 1970-78 after abortion were noted. Out of 1 364 deliveries traced, 670 were to primiparas who had had a previous vacuum-aspiration (VA) abortion. The ...
Tzamaloukas A H - - 1982
We compared 56 paired measurements of osmolal gaps and serum ethyl alcohol levels in 15 anesthetized dogs. We then repeated these comparisons after correcting the osmolal gaps for the preceding (the administration of ethyl alcohol) difference between measured and calculated osmolalities. No statistical differences were observed between ethyl alcohol levels ...
Auconi P - - 1982
Genetic typing of serum transferrin was performed in a group of 88 extremely premature infants (gestation age less than 32 wk) and in a control group of 351 full-term infants, using isoelectric focusing technique on ultrathin layer of polyacrilamide gel. A major incidence of C2 type was found among the ...
Golden N L - - 1982
A prospective controlled study of the effect of fetal alcohol on infant development was performed. Twelve infants were identified as possibly having fetal alcohol effects based on the maternal history of alcohol abuse and the neonatal physical examination. Physical characteristics, growth, and development of these infants were compared with those ...
Karlaganis G - - 1982
Healthy infants and children were found to excrete bile alcohol glucuronides in urine. Following isolation and hydrolysis, the bile alcohols were estimated by capillary gas-liquid chromatography. The daily urinary excretion of the major compound, 27-nor-5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha, 7 alpha, 12 alpha, 24 xi, 25 xi-pentol (a C26 bile alcohol), ranged ...
Amankwah K S - - 1982
Peripheral nerves in the prepuces of eight newborns were studied in this investigation. The mothers of four of these newborns were alcohol abusers but did not smoke or take coffee. The other four mothers did not drink alcohol or coffee, nor did they smoke. Using a transmission electron microscope, the ...
Meirik O - - 1982
In a historical prospective study covering 1970-1978, the authors evaluated the outcome of delivery to 429 parous women subsequent to a legally induced first-trimester vacuum-aspiration abortion during 1970-1975 in Uppsala County, Sweden. This outcome was compared with the outcome of delivery to 391 randomly chosen matched parous women and that ...
Yeh T F - - 1982
A simple method to calculate oxygen consumption (VO2) and CO2 production (VCO2) over a 24-h period is described. VO2 and VCO2 were measured using flow-through technique and the total VO2 and VCO2 over a given period of time were determined from the area under the O2 and CO2 concentration-time curve ...
Cates W W - - 1982
Critics have challenged previous comparisons of mortality from legal abortion and childbirth for containing biases in the crude data that spuriously favor the safety of abortion. To evaluate this concern, we reviewed the sources of mortality data on which these comparisons are based and examined the completeness of abortion mortality ...
Alexander C B - - 1982
A population of persons who were found, at death, to have significant levels of isopropyl alcohol (isopropanol) in their blood is described. The role of isopropanol in causing death is reviewed in 57 fatal cases. The contribution of acetone, the major metabolite of isopropanol, to death is assessed. Results indicate ...
Dubey J P - - 1982
Six dogs inoculated with the GT-1 strain of Toxoplasma gondii aborted or gave birth to kids transplacentally infected with T gondii. In the next breeding season, does were bred to a T gondii-negative buck. Four of the 6 does gave birth to kids not infected with T gondii. At 139 ...
Townsend J C - - 1982
To determine whether paternal exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) or other polychlorinated dioxins might be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, an interviewer-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among wives of Dow Michigan Division employees in the Midland, Michigan, area who had been potentially exposed to dioxins. A control group consisted of wives ...
Makanjuola J D - - 1982
The pattern and severity of alcohol withdrawal in 49 alcohol dependent subjects admitted to the Manchester Detoxification Centre are described. Assessment over 10 days involved the use of the Selected Severity Assessment Scale (SSA) and allocation of patients to subgroups of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome. There were associations between tremor, ...
Seshadri R - - 1982
The incidence of SCE in the lymphocytes of mothers and their newborn infants was determined. A detailed antenatal history of parental habits such as smoking, alcohol consumption and possible exposure to DNA-damaging agents was documented. The results showed that the SCE rate in the newborn is significantly less than that ...
Kurz K H - - 1982
320 medicated IUDs were removed from 292 women by means of the dynamometer. This instrument indicates the highest retention force (HRF) in newtons (N). Ages of the women ranged from 17-50 years. The IUDs were fitted in nulligravidae (56%), nulliparous with 1 or more abortions (13%), primiparous (18%), and multiparous ...
Wright C G - - 1982
Scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis, and x-ray powder diffraction were used to study temporal bone specimens obtained at autopsy from an infant with Potter syndrome and from a second trimester fetus, which was the product of an elective abortion. The mothers of both the infant and fetus were juvenile-onset ...
Geertinger P - - 1982
In some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) the intestinal flora was found to be dominated by Candida albicans. Microbiologic investigations of the various organs showed the occasional presence of different Candida species, but not in the form of massive growth as in sepsis. There is no basis to ...
Henry N F - - 1982
Abortion rates in the United States have risen annually since the 1973 Supreme Court decision. The regions with the greatest rate increases are the Southern and Plains states; the lowest rate increases were in regions which had high abortion rates soon after abortion was legalized. While spatial contiguity appears to ...
Qazi Q H - - 1982
18 pregnant women identified as heavy drinkers by the criteria of Cahalan et al., gave birth to 6 normal infants, 5 infants with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and 7 with partial FAS. Average daily alcohol consumption of mothers of normal infants was less than that of mothers of FAS and ...
van der Westhuyzen J H - - 1981
An infant presented in the first week postpartum with markedly elevated serum osmolality of unknown origin. The cryptic osmols were identified as glycerol and alcohol and were traced to the contents of local phenobarbitone elixir administered to control neonatal convulsions. This report highlights the importance of recognizing the potential dangers ...
Grossman M - - 1981
The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the causes of the rapid decline in the infant mortality rate in the United States in the period after 1963. The roles of four public policies are considered: Medicaid, subsidized family planning services for low-income women, maternal and infant care ...
Selik R M - - 1981
One hundred six women were reported to have died from abortions (55 legal, 10 illegal, and 41 spontaneous) in the United States from 1975 through 1977. In reviewing these deaths, the authors developed a new approach to mortality studies. A catalogue was compiled of behavioral factors (including actions by physicians, ...
Simpson J L - - 1981
Parental chromosomal rearrangements represent a well-established cause of repetitive spontaneous abortions. However, the frequent of parental translocations varies widely in reported series, suggesting differences in ascertainment. For this reason a sample of individuals (120 women, 104 men) who had experienced spontaneous abortions but neither stillborn nor anomalous liveborn infants was ...
Guidotti R J - - 1981
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) has emerged as an important cause of death from legally induced abortion. In the period 1972-1978, 12 probably and three autopsy-confirmed cases of fatal AFE during legally induced abortion were identified in the United States (12% of all deaths from legal abortion). Fourteen deaths from AFE ...
Abel E L - - 1981
The clinical use of alcohol to delay premature labor is critically reviewed. The evidence indicates that this procedure is no more effective in arresting preterm labor than placebo, i.e., bed rest. The rational for the clinical use of alcohol in obstetrics is also questionable. Furthermore, increasing evidence indicates that the ...
Rodin A E - - 1981
A study of Hogarth's engraving, Gin Lane, highlights the fact that alcoholic addiction parents results not only in the fetal alcohol syndrome, but also in other types of infant abuse. Physical trauma, loss of parents, neglect, and malnutrition are all depicted. There is the strong implication that the causes of ...
Filly R A - - 1981
The femoral lengths of 70 normal fetuses, five short-limbed dwarfs, and two additional normal fetuses at risk for dwarfism were measured employing linear array real-time (rapid B-scan) ultrasonographic systems. Early results indicate that prenatal diagnosis of short-limbed dwarfs can be accomplished by this technique, in some instances early enough to ...
Streissguth A P - - 1981
An unselected sample of 1529 women (predominantly white, married, and middle-class) were interviewed during pregnancy regarding their use of alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, drugs, and other variables. Subsets of offspring were examined to assess the relationship of self-reported maternal alcohol use to infant health and development. Multiple regression statistical tests were ...
Silva V A - - 1981
Neonates born to mothers of low socioeconomic status were examined to assess the intrauterine effects of alcohol. Mothers' alcohol use during pregnancy ranged from abstention to heavy drinking. The newborns were randomly selected and examined without knowledge of the drinking history of the mothers. Likewise, the mothers' interviewers had no ...
Tennes K - - 1980
The effect of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy upon neonatal outcome was examined in 278 mother-infant dyads. Accounts of the mother's drug use as well as information about confounding factors were obtained by personal interviews on two occasions during pregnancy and again after delivery. The infants were examined by a ...
Cambre R C - - 1980
A 14-year-old, 76-kg female orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) aborted a premature fetus and within hours experienced severe respiratory distress and died. Necropsy revealed evidence of chronic airsacculitis, acute bronchopneumonia, and terminal sepsis. Escherichia coli was isolated from cultures of heart blood, tracheal fluid, air-sac tissue and fluid, lung, and bile. Retrospectively, ...
Russell R M - - 1980
The higher incidence of blue-yellow color blindness (tritanopia) found among alcoholics could be due to genetic or acquired factors. The acute administration of ethanol to alcoholics and normal subjects transiently resulted in poorer color discrimination in all spectra but with significantly more errors in the blue-yellow versus the red-green color ...
Little R E - - 1980
Fifty infants born to women who reported total abstinence during pregnancy, but who had a history of alcoholism prior to conception, were compared to 50 infants born to alcoholic women who reported drinking heavily during pregnancy, and to 50 infants of nonalcoholic controls. Mean birth weight of infants born to ...
Randall B - - 1980
There is a generally unrecognized epidemic of sudden, nonviolent deaths among alcohol abusers, largely due to fatty liver--related sudden deaths (FLDs). Using data from the North Carolina Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, 411 cases of FLD were identified from 1972 through 1976. The 411 FLD deaths, in view of ...
Bauman K E - - 1980
Using states as the units for analysis, we found no evidence that during the early 1970s in the United States the legalization of abortions influenced trends in infant mortality rates. If fetal deaths were reduced by legal abortions during that period then the influence was modest and brief. These conclusions ...
Vejtorp M - - 1980
The outcome of 338 pregnancies complicated by serologically confirmed rubella after the 12th week of gestation is reported. Therapeutic abortions were performed on 93 women, 1 pregnancy resulted in a spontaneous abortion and 5 in stillbirths. Cord blood or a sample collected at an age of 0--2 months from 209 ...
Basak S - - 1979
Pierog S - - 1979
The characteristics of eight mothers of ten infants born with typical features of the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) are presented. These chronic alcoholic mothers have poor obstetric histories, tend to have poor or no prenatal care and may repeat pregnancies which result in infants with FAS. Family planning counseling appears ...
Dexter J A - - 1979
Piglets (L-1) from 13 litters farrowed by 1-year-old, first litter alcohol-consuming dams were evaluated for altered morphology, A second group of piglets (L-2) farrowed by 6 second litter alcohol-consuming dams also was evaluated. Mean litter size and birth weight for L-1 piglets were 4.85 and 602 +/- 152 g; mean ...
Stinson E E - - 1978
Eight yeast strains were used in three typical American processes to ferment apple juice containing 15 mg of added patulin per liter. Patulin was reduced to less than the minimum detectable level of 50 microgram/liter in all but two cases; in all cases, the level of patulin was reduced by ...
Quick J D - - 1978
An analysis of Oregon Vital Statistics data from 1965 to 1975 was conducted to assess the impact of Oregon's 1969 abortion legislation, which substantially increased the number of reported medically induced abortions. This increase was associated with a slight increase in the age-adjusted 1970 fertility rate and there was no ...
Cates W W - - 1978
Both non-abortion-related maternal and abortion-related mortality declined prior to the Supreme Court decisions of 1973. In order to determine the effect of legalized abortion on maternal mortality, we have analyzed the secular trends in national abortion mortality ratios for 1940 through 1976, compared the trends to those maternal mortality ratios, ...
Cates W W - - 1978
To assess the usefulness of vital statistics and surveillance for monitoring abortion mortality, the authors compared data from two systems of classification: 1) deaths classified according to the underlying cause by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) under the International Classification of Disease, Adapted (ICDA) code numbers 640-645 (abortion) ...
Stromme W B - - 1978
The combination of amniotic fluid embolism and disseminated intravascular coagulation in obstetrics usually occurs at term associated with tumultuous labor. Maternal death almost inevitably follows. That these two crises may occur associated with abortion in herewith reported for the first time. Prompt recognition and aggressive appropriate therapy were responsible for ...
Shelton J D - - 1978
The sources for determination of abortion-related deaths in Georgia are the cause of death listed on the death certificate and reports from informal reporting channels. Although Georgia residents 10-44 years of age obtained 19,877 induced abortions in 1975, no deaths related to abortion were found through these two usual sources. ...
Eliahou H E - - 1978
Twenty-five women were treated with propranolol during 26 pregnancies complicated by hypertension. The fetal wastage, which had been 48 per cent before treatment with propranolol was reduced to 15.4 per cent, with one missed abortion and three stillbirths. Of the 22 liveborn infants 2 were small-for-dates but all 22 had ...
Fricker H S - - 1978
Between 1954 and 1973, 101 heroin-addicted mothers gave birth to 149 babies at Vancouver General Hospital. Thirty-seven percent of the infants had low birth weights and two thirds were born preterm. Average birth weight was 2,710 gm as compared with an overall average of 3,420 gm for this hospital. Tobacco ...
James W H - - 1978
Data on the birth ranks of miscarriages within sibships in which a case of anencephaly or spina bifida (ASB) had occurred were analysed by the Haldane-Smith statistical test. This showed that miscarriages in ASB sibships tend to have a negative birth order effect--that is, they occur in earlier rather than ...
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