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Results 351 - 400 of 477
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Ioffe S - - 1987
The risk of respiratory distress syndrome in infants born to mothers with varying quantities of alcohol intake during pregnancy was assessed. In infants less than 37 weeks' gestation, there was a decreasing incidence of respiratory distress syndrome with increasing maternal alcohol consumption (p less than 0.02). In addition, in infants ...
Agren G - - 1987
The mortality and the causes of death have been studied in a cohort consisting of 1548 male alcoholics in Stockholm. During the period 1969-1981 there were 542 cases of death in this population. The mortality rates were triple those for males in Stockholm generally. Using the official causes of death ...
Atrash H K - - 1987
Between 1972 and 1982, 186 women died as a result of legal abortion in the United States. The overall death rate resulting from legal abortion dropped nearly fivefold, from 4.1 per 100,000 abortions in 1972 to 0.8 in 1982. Women who were older, black, of high parity, and had abortions ...
- - 1987
The father of a fetus of eighteen to twenty-one weeks' gestation sought orders on his own behalf and that of the fetus prohibiting the mother and her area health authority from aborting the fetus. He claimed that the proposed abortion would violate provisions of the Infant Life (Preservation) Act 1929, ...
Aronson M - - 1987
The effects of maternal alcohol abuse during pregnancy on the offspring were investigated in three different studies. The aim of the studies was to examine the dynamics of infant physical growth and psychological development and to analyze the outcome in relation to the environment during upbringing. Size at birth was ...
Coles C D - - 1987
Infants exposed to alcohol prenatally, even when they do not suffer from fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), may be at high risk for many of the negative outcomes typically found among children of alcoholics including hyperactivity and other behavioral and learning problems. A series of studies are described designed to investigate ...
Ernhart C B - - 1987
Though the occurrence of alcohol-related birth defects is well documented in the human and in animal models, definition of specificity, critical period, and dose-response threshold with a precision adequate for clinical risk assessment and management has been lacking. Data from a cohort of 359 neonates, from a large prospective observational ...
Robinson L P - - 1987
Ultrasonographic and radiographic evaluation of a fetus at risk for osteogenesis imperfecta (O.I) type III was performed. Real-time ultrasound measurements at 15 weeks gestation were interpreted as normal, but at 20 and 22 weeks of gestation revealed marked shortening of the long bones and deformity of the femurs. The findings ...
Lumley J - - 1986
In Victoria, previous termination of pregnancy is a risk factor for giving birth to a very low birth-weight infant (less than 1,500 g)--the risk of giving birth to an infant less than 1,000 g is increased more than 2.5-fold by a prior induced abortion and more than 3.5-fold by 2 ...
O'Connor M J - - 1986
The effects of maternal alcohol use on mental development, growth, and dysmorphogenesis was studied in a sample of 1-year-old infants born to elderly primiparous mothers. Alcohol intake was measured using Jessor's AA score and a simple count of maximum number of drinks consumed in one day. Infant cognition was assessed ...
Hart G - - 1986
Clinical changes, and their implication, in medically induced abortion within South Australia from 1970-1984 were assessed by analysis of legally required reports provided by operating practitioners. In the past 15 years vacuum aspiration has largely replaced dilatation and curettage for early abortions, and intrauterine chemical methods have greatly decreased the ...
Duflou J A - - 1986
A study of 93 fatal shootings during police or security force action in the Greater Cape Town area in 1985 was carried out. Eighty-seven deaths resulted from security force action during civil unrest situations and 6 from routine law enforcement operations. Date of death, age, sex, race, direction of gunshot ...
Benda G I - - 1986
Benzyl alcohol preservative in solutions used to flush intravascular catheters has been linked with increased mortality and incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage in small preterm infants. This study evaluated the outcome of surviving very low birth weight infants exposed to benzyl alcohol while in our neonatal intensive care unit. Surviving infants, ...
Herbst A L - - 1986
Factors related to the risk of developing clear cell adenocarcinoma in diethylstilbestrol-exposed women were investigated in 156 patients in the United States with clear cell adenocarcinoma and documented diethylstilbestrol exposure (Registry cases) and 1848 diethylstilbestrol-exposed women of similar age without cancer (National Cooperative Diethylstilbestrol Adenosis Project). Diethylstilbestrol dosage patterns, the ...
Hiller J L - - 1986
Benzyl alcohol preservative in intravascular flush solutions has been reported to cause neurologic deterioration and death in very low birth weight infants. Following the widespread discontinuation of the use of such solutions in newborns, scattered reports of decreased mortality and decreased incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage among small premature infants appeared ...
Binkin N J - - 1986
Abortion mortality in the USA experienced an eight-fold decline between 1972 and 1981, with the greatest decline occurring after 1975. The risk for all groups of women declined, but the decline was greater for some groups than for others. When both changing risk for a given characteristic and changing prevalence ...
Mumford S D - - 1986
No nation desirous of reducing its growth rate to 1% or less can expect to do so without the widespread use of abortion. This observational study, based on the experience of 116 of the world's largest countries, supports the contention that abortion is essential to any national population growth control ...
Beattie J O - - 1986
The world literature contains few reports of infants born while intoxicated by alcohol. I describe the clinical course of such a child who had a high blood alcohol concentration on delivery, and exhibited features of acute alcohol withdrawal in the days after birth. He later demonstrated features consistent with a ...
Beckman L - - 1986
In previous studies, transferrin C2 has been found to be associated with spontaneous abortion, prematurity, phototoxic eczema and rheumatoid arthritis. We have suggested that the mechanism behind these negative effects may be that transferrin C2 increases the risk for damage through hydroxyl radicals. This hypothesis predicts that the C2 frequency ...
Nanji A A - - 1985
The authors investigated the possibility that dietary fat, meat, beef, and pork consumption might be factors that would, in addition to alcohol, correlate with mortality from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in different countries. The authors also relate the consumption of different alcoholic beverages (wine, beer, spirits) to HCC mortality. The significant ...
Ernhart C B - - 1985
Fetal alcohol effects in 359 infants born to disadvantaged women identified as having a history of alcohol abuse or as controls and who provided reports of alcohol use in pregnancy are being studied in a prospective design. Alcohol abuse was assessed with the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST). Alcohol use ...
Heilbrun A B AB - - 1985
Previous research has failed to relate psychopathy to an increased risk for violence, but several proposed psychopathic typologies have suggested the possibility of isolating more dangerous subtypes. One typology, based upon psychopathy and intelligence, has identified the low IQ psychopath as excessively violent judged by his history of violent crime. ...
Friedman I M - - 1985
Alcohol has been shown to play an important role in youthful unnatural deaths in one California county; its contribution was not limited to motor-vehicle fatalities. In contrast to existing approaches, several new prevention strategies imply that limiting the availability and consumption of alcohol may result in a reduction of the ...
Dayal B - - 1985
The urine and feces of a patient with the rare inherited lipid storage disease, sitosterolemia and xanthomatosis, were analyzed. Substantial quantities of C26-bile alcohol, 26 (or 27)-nor-5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,24S,25 xi-pentol along with 5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,24-tetrol, 5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,25-tetrol, 5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,24R,25-pentol, and ...
Lumley J - - 1985
Analysis of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption patterns recorded in pregnancy could not detect a harmful effect of alcohol at levels below 2 glasses a day. Total abstainers fared very slightly worse than those who drank occasionally. Smoking was associated with lower birth-weight and a worse fetal outcome independent of ...
Grimes D A - - 1985
The comparative safety of methods used to perform second-trimester abortion is an important public health concern. Morbidity and mortality studies indicate that dilatation and evacuation (D & E) is safer than instillation abortion, which is safer than hysterotomy or hysterectomy. In the third phase of the Joint Program for the ...
Bottini E - - 1985
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) phenotype and ABO blood groups have been determined in 572 consecutive newborn infants, in 770 schoolchildren, in 139 women delivering a liveborn infant, and in 87 women with habitual abortion. ABO-incompatible newborn infants showed a higher proportion of ADA2 carriers as compared to compatible newborns. The incidence ...
Stock D L - - 1985
A quantitative neonatal sucking measure and a clinical neonatal sucking measure were significantly related to one another, but only the quantitative measure was significantly related to prenatal alcohol and nicotine exposure. The clinical measure did not provide adequate precision to warrant its recommendation as an outcome variable at moderate exposure ...
Wanjala S - - 1985
A retrospective analysis of 95 deaths due to abortion at the Kenyatta National Hospital between 1974 and 1983 showed that the average death rate over the 10-year period was high: nearly three deaths per 1000 abortion admissions. The mean hospital stay was 12 days. Of the 95 abortions 76 (80%) ...
Makoi Z - - 1985
In our country both the high frequency of prematurity and abortion and the possible correlation between them have been in the focus of professional interest during the last three decades. The harmful effect of abortion is undeniable. However, it is not possible to label it as the only or leading ...
Roberts J K - - 1984
We present evidence that cytoplasmic acidosis is a cause of meristematic death in hypoxic root tips of maize and pea seedlings. Usually, leakage of acid from the vacuole is responsible for cytoplasmic acidosis. Leakage of acid, which occurs earlier during hypoxia in pea root tips than in maize root tips, ...
Coles C D - - 1984
Although neonatal withdrawal syndrome is often noted in infants of narcotics addicts, ethanol withdrawal has been reported only among neonates with fetal alcohol syndrome. To examine the possibility that ethanol withdrawal occurs more widely and to identify its characteristics, the behavior of eight neonates born to women who drank a ...
Loffe S - - 1984
Newborn infants of mothers who drink heavily (greater than 2 oz alcohol per day) during pregnancy have been shown to have hypersynchrony of the EEG. The possibility that hypersynchrony is related to acute alcohol withdrawal was tested. Eleven preterm infants of mothers who drank heavily ("alcoholic") were studied at a ...
Barr H M - - 1984
To examine the relationship of maternal alcohol consumption, caffeine use, and smoking to infant size at 8 months of age, a follow-up cohort of 453 infants was examined at birth and again at their 8-month birthday. Even after adjustment for other relevant variables, maternal alcohol use during early pregnancy (average ...
Tan K C - - 1984
Records on 1777 cases of missed abortion and 1001 cases of intrauterine fetal death in three major maternity hospitals in Singapore between 1976 and 1980 were analyzed. The overall incidence of these two conditions was 10.35 and 5.82 per 1000 births, respectively. During the 5-year period, the incidence of missed ...
Saling E - - 1984
Repeated late abortions and high-risk, low-chance premature births are among the problems of obstetrics and perinatal medicine still to be solved. It seems that a solution is on its way, through the early total cervix occlusion (ETCO) performed by us - a solution for at least some of these highly ...
Ward C F - - 1984
Far from being more difficult, infants should be less difficult to anaesthetize . Generally the major organ systems, although not necessarily fully mature, are unsullied by smoking, alcohol consumption, atherosclerosis, assorted other pathology or simple wear and tear. Cardiac output is linked to heart rate and volume replacement, while oxygenation ...
McCornac D C - - 1984
Economic and social factors that explain variations in the consumption of distilled spirits among political jurisdictions are examined. Particular emphasis is placed on the economic roles of price and the unemployment rate. Using multivariate-analysis regression, equations are estimated for three separate time periods of 1970-1975. In addition, a pooled cross-sectional ...
West L J - - 1984
After heart disease and cancer, alcoholism is America's third largest health problem; it affects 10 million people, costs $ 60 billion, and is implicated in 200 000 deaths annually. Alcohol is involved in 50% of deaths by motor vehicle and fire, 67% of murders, and 33% of suicides. It contributes ...
Meirik O - - 1984
In a historical cohort study the outcome of the first birth after a legal 2nd trimester two-stage abortion induced with saline or prostaglandin F2 alpha was evaluated for 142 nulliparous and 65 parous women. The birth-outcome was compared with that for 180 parity-matched control women and for all women in ...
Poskitt E M - - 1984
Foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the combination of growth retardation, neurological impairment and abnormal facies shown by some infants born to alcoholic women. It seems likely that FAS only indicates a small proportion of the total damage inflicted on the foetus by maternal drinking. Levels of alcohol consumption below the ...
Hargreaves W A - - 1983
Selected behavioral and physiological effects of maintenance on (--)-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) were examined for 67 men beginning LAAM maintenance. Thirty-four began LAAM maintenance after 1 month or more on methadone; 33 others were using street heroin immediately before beginning LAAM. Subjects were followed for 20 weeks on LAAM; assessment focused on ...
Kozarevic D - - 1983
In a prospective study of more than 10000 Yugoslav men it was found that consumption of alcoholic beverages was inversely related to non-sudden death from coronary heart disease (CHD) and positively related to death from trauma. The consequence was an apparently U-shaped relation between alcohol consumption and death, the lowest ...
Rosett H L - - 1983
Effects of heavy, moderate, and rare alcohol consumption on fetal development were analyzed in a prospective study of 469 mother-infant pairs. Differential effects of heavy drinking in early and late gestation were evaluated by separate analysis of neonates born to women who reduced consumption before the third trimester. Using chi ...
Mikkelsen M - - 1983
A considerable reduction in number of livebirths for mothers over 35 was observed in Denmark from 1960 to 1980. Birthrates for those aged 35-39 fell by 58.8%, for those aged 40-44 by 78%. In 1979-1980 100 infants with Down syndrome were born among 116757 newborns, a birth prevalence of 0.86 ...
Chernick V - - 1983
Anthropometric data and computerized electroencaphalogram analysis during quiet, indeterminate, and active sleep were obtained from infants of mothers of four groups: (1) heavy drinking mothers (greater than 2 ounces of alcohol per day); (2) nondrinking mothers; (3) smoking, nondrinking mothers; (4) nonsmoking, nondrinking mothers. Infants in groups 1 and 2 ...
Hollstedt C - - 1983
The studies in man concerning foetal alcohol damage have mostly covered skid row female alcoholics, and no study has described the outcome of pregnancy of a larger group of women receiving inpatient care for alcoholism. In another study we have described the medical and social characteristics of such a group ...
Dexter J D - - 1983
The offspring of serial breedings of voluntary alcohol consuming Sinclair (S-1) miniature swine have been evaluated over the past three years. The first and second litters of 12 dams and the third litter of 6 dams were examined. All study animals had been consuming alcohol for at least 18 months ...
Verp M S - - 1983
The hypothesis that variation in Y-chromosome length is associated with repetitive fetal wastage was tested. Chromosome lengths were objectively quantitated by scanning photographic negatives of metaphases with a computer programmed to (1) select boundary thresholds and (2) construct and measure centerlines with a cubic spline-fitting algorithm. Variation in Y length ...
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