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Results 301 - 350 of 477
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Herranz G - - 1991
A report sent by the Vatican to bishops' conferences throughout the world calls RU-486, the so-called abortion pill currently available in France, "a new, serious threat to human life." The report was developed at the Vatican's request by Gonzalo Herranz, a Spanish bioethicist. A cover letter to bishops' conferences from ...
Ehlers C L - - 1991
The results of computer-analyzed electroencephalographic (EEG) data from 24 sons of alcoholics (family history positive [FHP]) and their matched controls (family history negative [FHN]) were compared before and 90 minutes following alcohol and placebo challenge. Blind analysis of the data revealed that FHP men had more energy in the fast-frequency ...
Narod S A - - 1991
Coffee is consumed in large quantities worldwide and any adverse effects would likely have important public health consequences. Because of the widespread exposure to coffee and other caffeine-containing beverages and because teratogenic effects of caffeine have been recorded in several species since 1960, women are concerned that there may be ...
Ghazi H A - - 1991
Among a total of 379,779 women with 383,589 infants born in Sweden (1983 to 1986), 7.8% had a recorded period of infertility of at least 1 year. Women with a history of infertility had a higher mean age, a lower parity, had fewer previous induced abortions but more spontaneous abortions, ...
Rogers J L - - 1991
BACKGROUND: The impact of the Minnesota Parental Notification Law on abortion and birth was examined. METHODS: Using linear models, outcome parameters were compared before and after enactment of the law. Time by age group interactions also were examined. RESULTS: The pre-enactment to post-enactment change in the Minnesota abortion rate reflected ...
Cronin C M - - 1991
The prevalence of kernicterus in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) decreased from more than 2/1000 live births in 1980 to none in 1984. To clarify predictors of kernicterus, we examined the medical records of infants born during that time who died between 2 and 28 days of age. Infants ...
Kärkkäinen P - - 1991
The activities of beta-hexosaminidase (HEX), a lysosomal glycosidase, were studied in serum (sHEX) and urine (uHEX) among men with various drinking habits. Among 32 alcoholics, on the admission to the inpatient detoxification treatment, and among 25 drunkenness arrestees the average sHEX levels were twofold as compared with social drinkers (n ...
Greene T - - 1991
The teratogenic effects of drinking during pregnancy on cognitive development were investigated in a cohort of disadvantaged mother-infant pairs. Three indices associated with maternal alcohol use were related to comprehensive cognitive measures obtained during five in-home assessments through age four years, ten months. Birth weight and a tally of craniofacial ...
Virji S K - - 1991
Heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy has been consistently associated with inhibited intra-uterine growth; however, the effect of social drinking is not yet clear. The relationship between moderate drinking and low birth weight (less than 2,500 g) among a nationally representative sample of white married mothers who gave birth to singletons ...
Koren G - - 1991
H2 antagonists are widely prescribed medications and are often consumed by women who are unaware of being pregnant. In 23 cases reported to the Motherisk program there were two spontaneous abortions, two therapeutic abortions, 18 normal births, and one infant with a large hemangioma of the upper right eyelid. The ...
Rostand A - - 1990
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the relationship between the level of alcohol consumption in pregnancy and craniofacial characteristics of the neonate. DESIGN: This was a prospective survey of a sample of pregnant women, stratified on prepregnancy level of alcohol consumption. SETTING: The study was carried out at the ...
Joyce T - - 1990
We use a vector autoregression to examine the dynamic relationship between the race-specific percentage of pregnancies terminated by induced abortion and the race-specific percentage of low-birthweight births in New York City. With monthly data beginning in 1972, we find that induced abortion explains low birthweight for blacks, but not for ...
Little B B - - 1990
A clinically distinct constellation of major and minor anomalies, termed the fetal alcohol syndrome, occurs among infants whose mothers abuse alcohol during pregnancy. In addition, significantly higher rates of pregnancy complications, including perinatal deaths and fetal growth retardation, occur among these women and their offspring. We studied the medical records ...
Sperry K - - 1990
Fatal acute ethanol intoxication is frequently encountered in medicolegal practice. Although the vast majority of acute ethanol toxicity deaths follow the ingestion of conventional alcoholic beverages, ethanol can be obtained from a variety of commercial products, which often contain high levels of ethyl alcohol but are not manufactured or designed ...
Halmesmäki E - - 1990
The erythropoietin levels in mixed cord serum of 40 infants born to drinking women were compared with those of 24 infants born to abstinent women. Twenty infants born to drinkers had signs of fetal alcohol effects. Thirty-five percent of the erythropoietin levels in mixed cord serum of infants of drinking ...
Tan T C - - 1990
The mean birth-weight of firstborns of women was significantly higher when there was a previous abortion. The increase was 73.5 and 119.4 g in newborns of women with an induced and a spontaneous abortion respectively. This trend of significant increased birth-weight among firstborns of women with either a previous induced ...
Hoegerman G - - 1990
Drug use during pregnancy can have detrimental effects--both nonspecific and highly specific--on the perinatal outcome. Nonspecific effects include fetal growth retardation, resulting in small infants and decreased head circumference. Specific effects include facial dysmorphology and organ system anomalies such as alcohol-related birth defects. Patients abusing drugs are at an increased ...
Gericke G S - - 1990
The tools and techniques of human genetics are very much part of medicine in the 1990s and beyond. Man's motivation for self improvement has been an integral part of his make-up since time immemorial. The human desire for preserving the fittest and weeding out the worst remains the same since ...
Saha N - - 1990
A series of Chinese newborns of consecutive normal vaginal deliveries were investigated for the distribution of serum transferrin subtypes by polyacrylamide gel iso-electric focusing at pH 3.5-9.5. Newborns whose mothers had a history of previous spontaneous abortion (n = 189) had a significantly higher frequency of the C2 variant and ...
Freire-Maia N - - 1990
Estimates of "relative risks" and "attributable risks" are presented for two Brazilian regions with the lowest (F = 0.00030) and the highest (F = 0.00395) inbreeding levels of the country, and for the whole country (F = 0.00088). The abolition of all consanguineous marriages (from second cousins up to and ...
Brandt C A - - 1990
In order to lower the perinatal mortality rate, it is necessary to acquire a specific fetal diagnosis in all late abortions and stillbirths. A uniform classification for the maternal/fetal diagnosis is needed for comparison of progress in maternity care program between the different countries. We have studied 86 consecutive cases ...
Ness J W - - 1990
Research on fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) has historically held that postnatal deficits result directly from prenatal alcohol exposure. Such exposure may alter infant behavior, and this in turn may affect maternal responsiveness and consequently increase the infant's risk for postnatal deficits. This study examined the effect of prenatal alcohol exposure ...
Stoll C - - 1990
The epidemiology of Down syndrome (DS) was studied in the area which is covered by our registry of congenital malformations. For each of the 139 new DS cases which were ascertained during the period 1979 to 1987 more than 50 factors were studied and compared to those from control infants. ...
Halmesmäki E - - 1989
To study the mechanism of alcohol-induced fetal damage, we determined the somatomedin C and growth hormone (GH) concentrations of umbilical cord blood samples in 56 infants of alcohol-abusing women and in 20 infants of alcohol-abstinent women. In addition, maternal serum somatomedin C concentrations were determined 1-7 days before delivery. Twenty-five ...
Dawid-Milner M S - - 1989
EEG recording has been used to evaluate in cats the effect of naloxone on acute ethylic intoxication (AEI). Naloxone was administered both before and during the course of AEI. Results of the experiment showed that administration of naloxone before the AEI potentiates the toxic effect of alcohol. However, the administration ...
Adetoro O O - - 1989
Fifty-three women died from complications of illegally induced abortion over a 15-year period. Seventeen (32.2%) of them were under 20 years of age, while 28 (52.8%) were nulliparous. The abortion rate was 210/100,000 with an abortion mortality rate of 0.9/100,00 women. Also the abortion ratio was 73.4/1000 live-births while the ...
Hill G A - - 1989
The late luteal phase endometrial biopsy is an important part of the evaluation of patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion or infertility. The procedure can be painful and, if an adequate amount of tissue is not obtained, may have to be repeated. In this report, the results of endometrial biopsies performed ...
Takakuwa K - - 1989
Physical development and tests of immunologic function are reported from the first year of life for 13 infants born to mothers who were habitual aborters and who had undergone subcutaneous vaccination with their husband's lymphocytes. The mean weight of the infants at birth was 2,975 +/- 540 g, including one ...
Darney P D - - 1989
Second trimester elective abortion is safest when accomplished with cervical dilation and instrumental uterine evacuation (D and E), but this procedure carries with it a risk of uterine perforation and possible intra-abdominal trauma. In order to determine if the routine use of intraoperative ultrasonography reduces the risk of this feared ...
Repa I - - 1989
Two cases of symptomatic neonatal hepatic arteriovenous malformation (AVM) are presented. Both were treated with percutaneous transcatheter embolization and a commercially available polyvinyl alcohol suspension. Both infants died soon after AVM embolization. The results of laboratory examination of particle-size homogeneity of this commercial suspension demonstrate marked inhomogeneity of particle size ...
Jardine D S - - 1989
Intraventricular hemorrhage and death in preterm neonates has been associated with the use of fluid containing benzyl alcohol, a bacteriostatic agent, to flush intravascular catheters. The hospital and autopsy records of infants admitted to a nursery during the last 18 months that benzyl alcohol was in use (218 patients) were ...
Ericson A - - 1989
Pregnancy outcome in women with work in dentistry was studied using various central health registries. A total of 8157 infants born of dentists, dental assistants, or dental technicians in 1976 or 1982-1986 in Sweden were studied with respect to perinatal survival, low birthweight, and malformations and compared with all births. ...
Stasiewicz P R - - 1989
This analog study examines the effect of hearing a child's cries on alcohol consumption, comprising one link in a possible association between drinking and child abuse. Thirty-two male undergraduate volunteers were preselected by age, drinking practices, and abuse potential. Subjects were assigned to either a high or low abuse potential ...
Ioffe S - - 1988
A total of 441 newborn infants with gestational ages between 30 and 40 weeks had EEG studies between 36 and 48 hours after birth. Their mothers had either abstained from alcohol during pregnancy or had ingested alcohol in one of four categories: occasional, moderate, binge or frankly alcoholic. The power ...
Halmesmäki E - - 1988
Present data on the harmful fetal effects of maternal alcohol use have seriously questioned the safety of ethanol treatment, as once prescribed for arresting premature uterine contractions. Therefore, we analyzed retrospectively the fate of infants whose mothers took ethanol for threatened first- or second-trimester abortion in 1968-1973. One hundred thirty-six ...
Massman J E - - 1988
A technique for evaluating signs and symptoms of alcohol withdrawal that provides an accurate guide to benzodiazepine dosage is presented. In addition to achieving homeostasis, the total benzodiazepine dosage is greatly reduced. Adjunctive therapies for seizure prophylaxis and hypertension as well as substitution of other benzodiazepines for diazepam are discussed.
Patetta M J - - 1988
A retrospective study of 1,052 unintentional drowning deaths in North Carolina during the period from 1980 through 1984 was carried out, with emphasis on the victims' activity and alcohol consumption, and the settings of the accidents. The data suggest that many drownings are preventable, and reinforce the etiologic importance of ...
Wier C C - - 1988
Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) of two types--spontaneous and evoked distortion products--were studied before, during, and following a period of aspirin use. As previously reported, aspirin consumption uniformly reduced the spontaneous OAEs (SOAEs) to unmeasurable or extremely low levels. Aspirin consumption also reduced the amplitude of the evoked distortion products (EDPs) but ...
Fisher S E - - 1988
The role of zinc deficiency in the etiology of ethanol-associated fetotoxicity was assessed by measurement of maternal and newborn hair zinc content in a nonhuman primate model of the fetal alcohol syndrome. The model best approximates the human situation for length of gestation and type of placentation, coupled with the ...
Bulgin M S - - 1988
Because of an episode of abortion caused by a tetracycline-resistant Campylobacter jejuni, lincomycin was mixed into a barley pellet and fed to 3,000 range ewes at a dosage of 225 mg/ewe/day. After the second feeding, a number of ewes were anorectic and diarrheic, and 6 were dead. Necropsies revealed congestion ...
Halmesmäki E - - 1988
Eighty-five pregnant problem drinkers were given intensive counselling throughout gestation to persuade them to reduce or stop their alcohol intake. Nevertheless, 7% of their blood specimens collected at follow-up visits contained ethanol. Fifty-five women (65%) were able to reduce their alcohol consumption by at least 50%. Alcohol abuse was associated ...
Wigal T - - 1988
The effects of in utero administration of ethanol on single patterned alternation (PA) and the partial reinforcement extinction effect (PREE) were studied in 15-day-old rat pups. This fetal-alcohol treatment had no effect on PA but eliminated the PREE by reducing persistence in extinction after partial reinforcement (PRF) training to its ...
Khin Kyi M - - 1988
The maternal deaths between the years 1978 and 1982 were studied. There were 22,468 maternities and 10,623 abortion patients treated at the hospital. There were 44 maternal deaths; 22 due to abortion and 22 due to other causes. The maternal mortality rate including abortions was 1.33 per 1,000 maternities and ...
Petersson B - - 1988
An analysis of the role of alcohol in death was made in an unselected population of middle-aged males in Malmö, Sweden. 347 deaths were investigated in the years 1975-1981 among males who had been invited to a preventive screening program. An alcoholic background was prominent in the males whose deaths ...
Kariniemi V - - 1988
A prospective study was conducted to determine the effects of maternal smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy on the birth weight of fetuses in an unselected study population. Several confounding factors were taken into account. The main factors associated with an increase of birth weight of both sexes were gestational ...
- - 1988
The mother of a child conceived by means of artificial insemination sought to establish the nonpaternity of her former husband who, when married, had agreed to the artificial insemination by a third-party donor. The former husband opposed the mother's action. The Court of Appeals of Ohio held that a statute ...
Ylikorkala O - - 1988
To study the effect of maternal ethanol consumption on the production of prostacyclin and thromboxane, we measured urinary 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha (a hydration product of prostacyclin), 2,3-dinor-6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha (generated from 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha through beta oxidation), and thromboxane B2 (a hydration product of thromboxane A2) using consequent high-performance liquid ...
Wreen M - - 1987
Discussions regarding abortion are often misguided and confused. This paper critically examines the extreme liberal view, which argues that neither the fetus, at any stage of development, nor the young infant has a right to life. It focuses on the general argumentative strategy employed by a number of philosophers in ...
Joyce T - - 1987
This paper examines the impact of induced abortion on birth outcomes by treating abortion as an endogenous input into the production of infant health. To gauge the direct and indirect effects of abortion, three measures of infant health are considered simultaneously: the neonatal mortality rate, the percentage of low-weight births, ...
Rosa F W - - 1987
Prescription frequencies in the first trimester were compared for miconazole, clotrimazole, nystatin, candicidin, aminacrine compounds, and metronidazole before deliveries involving congenital anomalies versus those not linked to congenital anomalies. Prescriptions before spontaneous abortions were compared with those in the first trimester of deliveries and with those before legal abortions. No ...
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