Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 491
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Hoffman R S - - 1993
A study was designed to define the osmol gap in patients whose serum ethanol concentrations are known, to reevaluate several accepted equations for calculating osmolarity, and to apply the results to the theoretical clinical scenario of a toxic alcohol ingestion. The design for the study used consecutive, prospective enrollment of ...
- - 1993
After years of hesitancy, due to financial and manufacturing problems, the Chinese Government has finally moved to replace the steel ring IUD with the Copper T. The steel ring, used by some 60 million women, has been pronounced unreliable by the WHO and is blamed for some 30% of the ...
Savitz D A - - 1992
Paternal alcohol use has been associated with a number of adverse reproductive outcomes in laboratory animals and there is one epidemiologic report of a detrimental effect on infant birth weight. To expand the epidemiologic evidence, data from the Child Health and Development Studies were analyzed. Data collected from the onset ...
Hoffert M J - - 1992
Patients with migraine with aura treated each of six acute attacks with either nifedipine or vehicle administered in double-blind, randomized form. Two modes of administration were studied. Both increased the intensity of headaches compared to vehicle. We conclude that nifedipine is not useful as an abortive treatment of migraine with ...
Sharma J B - - 1992
A study was conducted on 180 women with 2 or more obstetric losses totalling 410 foetal wastages. Control cases included 100 women without obstetric losses. Significant titre of immunoglobulin M against rubella was found in 17.77% patients with 2 or more obstetric losses in contrast to 9% of control patients ...
Eller N - - 1992
Ninety-one instrumentalists and 51 opera singers of the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen, Denmark, were examined, in order to study the frequency of symptoms from the musculoskeletal system and upper airways. The response rate was 91 per cent. Estimates of odds ratios (OR) with 95 per cent confidence interval were calculated, ...
Flores-Huerta S - - 1992
Although information about the pregnancy outcome of alcoholic mothers is relatively abundant, no information is available about the effects of ethanol consumption on the infant's postnatal growth. This investigation aims to describe the physical growth of 32 infants born to mothers accustomed to drinking pulque, a mild alcoholic beverage, on ...
Trapani F D - - 1991
Prenatal diagnosis of haemoglobin disorders is accepted to be a useful procedure to avoid births of infants with homozygous diseases. Advances in sampling and molecular techniques, such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and chorionic villus sampling (CVS), have made earlier and safer first-trimester prenatal diagnosis possible. However, these procedures need ...
Dalt L D - - 1991
A one-month-old child was referred to our hospital for unexplained lethargy. She was found to be intoxicated from ethanol-soaked gauze pads which had been applied to the umbilical stump and contiguous skin for several days for the purpose of promoting umbilical cord detachment. We emphasize the importance of considering the ...
Anderson J C - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical complications and diagnostic problems of chorionic villus sampling. DESIGN: A pragmatic retrospective analysis. SETTING: Tertiary obstetric referrals mostly to private practice; sampling carried out at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital; diagnostic analysis usually at Oliver Latham Laboratory, or the Clinical Immunology Research Centre, Royal Prince Alfred ...
Paz-Soldán S V - - 1991
An outbreak of abortions, stillbirths, mummified piglets and neonatal deaths in a pig herd in Arequipa, Peru is described. A total of 31 of 240 sows aborted between May and September 1988. When sera were examined 12 of 14 had very high titres of antibody to canicola PC125 and canicola ...
Joksch H C - - 1991
The traffic death rate and per capita alcohol consumption in Ireland were found by Walsh to be correlated. However, a more detailed analysis shows that changes in traffic deaths precede changes in alcohol consumption. Therefore, the correlation can not reflect a causal relation. When a speculative variable is included, the ...
Walpole I - - 1991
Of 2002 randomly selected pregnant women recruited prospectively over a three-year period for an extensive questionnaire survey, a stratified subsample of 665 mothers was selected for mother-infant follow-up on the basis of pre-pregnancy alcohol intake. Infant outcome was assessed by detailed clinical examination and application of a modified Einstein Neonatal ...
Herranz G - - 1991
A report sent by the Vatican to bishops' conferences throughout the world calls RU-486, the so-called abortion pill currently available in France, "a new, serious threat to human life." The report was developed at the Vatican's request by Gonzalo Herranz, a Spanish bioethicist. A cover letter to bishops' conferences from ...
Ehlers C L - - 1991
The results of computer-analyzed electroencephalographic (EEG) data from 24 sons of alcoholics (family history positive [FHP]) and their matched controls (family history negative [FHN]) were compared before and 90 minutes following alcohol and placebo challenge. Blind analysis of the data revealed that FHP men had more energy in the fast-frequency ...
Narod S A - - 1991
Coffee is consumed in large quantities worldwide and any adverse effects would likely have important public health consequences. Because of the widespread exposure to coffee and other caffeine-containing beverages and because teratogenic effects of caffeine have been recorded in several species since 1960, women are concerned that there may be ...
Ghazi H A - - 1991
Among a total of 379,779 women with 383,589 infants born in Sweden (1983 to 1986), 7.8% had a recorded period of infertility of at least 1 year. Women with a history of infertility had a higher mean age, a lower parity, had fewer previous induced abortions but more spontaneous abortions, ...
Rogers J L - - 1991
BACKGROUND: The impact of the Minnesota Parental Notification Law on abortion and birth was examined. METHODS: Using linear models, outcome parameters were compared before and after enactment of the law. Time by age group interactions also were examined. RESULTS: The pre-enactment to post-enactment change in the Minnesota abortion rate reflected ...
Cronin C M - - 1991
The prevalence of kernicterus in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) decreased from more than 2/1000 live births in 1980 to none in 1984. To clarify predictors of kernicterus, we examined the medical records of infants born during that time who died between 2 and 28 days of age. Infants ...
Kärkkäinen P - - 1991
The activities of beta-hexosaminidase (HEX), a lysosomal glycosidase, were studied in serum (sHEX) and urine (uHEX) among men with various drinking habits. Among 32 alcoholics, on the admission to the inpatient detoxification treatment, and among 25 drunkenness arrestees the average sHEX levels were twofold as compared with social drinkers (n ...
Greene T - - 1991
The teratogenic effects of drinking during pregnancy on cognitive development were investigated in a cohort of disadvantaged mother-infant pairs. Three indices associated with maternal alcohol use were related to comprehensive cognitive measures obtained during five in-home assessments through age four years, ten months. Birth weight and a tally of craniofacial ...
Virji S K - - 1991
Heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy has been consistently associated with inhibited intra-uterine growth; however, the effect of social drinking is not yet clear. The relationship between moderate drinking and low birth weight (less than 2,500 g) among a nationally representative sample of white married mothers who gave birth to singletons ...
Koren G - - 1991
H2 antagonists are widely prescribed medications and are often consumed by women who are unaware of being pregnant. In 23 cases reported to the Motherisk program there were two spontaneous abortions, two therapeutic abortions, 18 normal births, and one infant with a large hemangioma of the upper right eyelid. The ...
Rostand A - - 1990
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the relationship between the level of alcohol consumption in pregnancy and craniofacial characteristics of the neonate. DESIGN: This was a prospective survey of a sample of pregnant women, stratified on prepregnancy level of alcohol consumption. SETTING: The study was carried out at the ...
Joyce T - - 1990
We use a vector autoregression to examine the dynamic relationship between the race-specific percentage of pregnancies terminated by induced abortion and the race-specific percentage of low-birthweight births in New York City. With monthly data beginning in 1972, we find that induced abortion explains low birthweight for blacks, but not for ...
Little B B - - 1990
A clinically distinct constellation of major and minor anomalies, termed the fetal alcohol syndrome, occurs among infants whose mothers abuse alcohol during pregnancy. In addition, significantly higher rates of pregnancy complications, including perinatal deaths and fetal growth retardation, occur among these women and their offspring. We studied the medical records ...
Sperry K - - 1990
Fatal acute ethanol intoxication is frequently encountered in medicolegal practice. Although the vast majority of acute ethanol toxicity deaths follow the ingestion of conventional alcoholic beverages, ethanol can be obtained from a variety of commercial products, which often contain high levels of ethyl alcohol but are not manufactured or designed ...
Halmesmäki E - - 1990
The erythropoietin levels in mixed cord serum of 40 infants born to drinking women were compared with those of 24 infants born to abstinent women. Twenty infants born to drinkers had signs of fetal alcohol effects. Thirty-five percent of the erythropoietin levels in mixed cord serum of infants of drinking ...
Tan T C - - 1990
The mean birth-weight of firstborns of women was significantly higher when there was a previous abortion. The increase was 73.5 and 119.4 g in newborns of women with an induced and a spontaneous abortion respectively. This trend of significant increased birth-weight among firstborns of women with either a previous induced ...
Hoegerman G - - 1990
Drug use during pregnancy can have detrimental effects--both nonspecific and highly specific--on the perinatal outcome. Nonspecific effects include fetal growth retardation, resulting in small infants and decreased head circumference. Specific effects include facial dysmorphology and organ system anomalies such as alcohol-related birth defects. Patients abusing drugs are at an increased ...
Gericke G S - - 1990
The tools and techniques of human genetics are very much part of medicine in the 1990s and beyond. Man's motivation for self improvement has been an integral part of his make-up since time immemorial. The human desire for preserving the fittest and weeding out the worst remains the same since ...
Saha N - - 1990
A series of Chinese newborns of consecutive normal vaginal deliveries were investigated for the distribution of serum transferrin subtypes by polyacrylamide gel iso-electric focusing at pH 3.5-9.5. Newborns whose mothers had a history of previous spontaneous abortion (n = 189) had a significantly higher frequency of the C2 variant and ...
Freire-Maia N - - 1990
Estimates of "relative risks" and "attributable risks" are presented for two Brazilian regions with the lowest (F = 0.00030) and the highest (F = 0.00395) inbreeding levels of the country, and for the whole country (F = 0.00088). The abolition of all consanguineous marriages (from second cousins up to and ...
Brandt C A - - 1990
In order to lower the perinatal mortality rate, it is necessary to acquire a specific fetal diagnosis in all late abortions and stillbirths. A uniform classification for the maternal/fetal diagnosis is needed for comparison of progress in maternity care program between the different countries. We have studied 86 consecutive cases ...
Ness J W - - 1990
Research on fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) has historically held that postnatal deficits result directly from prenatal alcohol exposure. Such exposure may alter infant behavior, and this in turn may affect maternal responsiveness and consequently increase the infant's risk for postnatal deficits. This study examined the effect of prenatal alcohol exposure ...
Stoll C - - 1990
The epidemiology of Down syndrome (DS) was studied in the area which is covered by our registry of congenital malformations. For each of the 139 new DS cases which were ascertained during the period 1979 to 1987 more than 50 factors were studied and compared to those from control infants. ...
Halmesmäki E - - 1989
To study the mechanism of alcohol-induced fetal damage, we determined the somatomedin C and growth hormone (GH) concentrations of umbilical cord blood samples in 56 infants of alcohol-abusing women and in 20 infants of alcohol-abstinent women. In addition, maternal serum somatomedin C concentrations were determined 1-7 days before delivery. Twenty-five ...
Dawid-Milner M S - - 1989
EEG recording has been used to evaluate in cats the effect of naloxone on acute ethylic intoxication (AEI). Naloxone was administered both before and during the course of AEI. Results of the experiment showed that administration of naloxone before the AEI potentiates the toxic effect of alcohol. However, the administration ...
Adetoro O O - - 1989
Fifty-three women died from complications of illegally induced abortion over a 15-year period. Seventeen (32.2%) of them were under 20 years of age, while 28 (52.8%) were nulliparous. The abortion rate was 210/100,000 with an abortion mortality rate of 0.9/100,00 women. Also the abortion ratio was 73.4/1000 live-births while the ...
Hill G A - - 1989
The late luteal phase endometrial biopsy is an important part of the evaluation of patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion or infertility. The procedure can be painful and, if an adequate amount of tissue is not obtained, may have to be repeated. In this report, the results of endometrial biopsies performed ...
Takakuwa K - - 1989
Physical development and tests of immunologic function are reported from the first year of life for 13 infants born to mothers who were habitual aborters and who had undergone subcutaneous vaccination with their husband's lymphocytes. The mean weight of the infants at birth was 2,975 +/- 540 g, including one ...
Darney P D - - 1989
Second trimester elective abortion is safest when accomplished with cervical dilation and instrumental uterine evacuation (D and E), but this procedure carries with it a risk of uterine perforation and possible intra-abdominal trauma. In order to determine if the routine use of intraoperative ultrasonography reduces the risk of this feared ...
Repa I - - 1989
Two cases of symptomatic neonatal hepatic arteriovenous malformation (AVM) are presented. Both were treated with percutaneous transcatheter embolization and a commercially available polyvinyl alcohol suspension. Both infants died soon after AVM embolization. The results of laboratory examination of particle-size homogeneity of this commercial suspension demonstrate marked inhomogeneity of particle size ...
Jardine D S - - 1989
Intraventricular hemorrhage and death in preterm neonates has been associated with the use of fluid containing benzyl alcohol, a bacteriostatic agent, to flush intravascular catheters. The hospital and autopsy records of infants admitted to a nursery during the last 18 months that benzyl alcohol was in use (218 patients) were ...
Ericson A - - 1989
Pregnancy outcome in women with work in dentistry was studied using various central health registries. A total of 8157 infants born of dentists, dental assistants, or dental technicians in 1976 or 1982-1986 in Sweden were studied with respect to perinatal survival, low birthweight, and malformations and compared with all births. ...
Stasiewicz P R - - 1989
This analog study examines the effect of hearing a child's cries on alcohol consumption, comprising one link in a possible association between drinking and child abuse. Thirty-two male undergraduate volunteers were preselected by age, drinking practices, and abuse potential. Subjects were assigned to either a high or low abuse potential ...
Ioffe S - - 1988
A total of 441 newborn infants with gestational ages between 30 and 40 weeks had EEG studies between 36 and 48 hours after birth. Their mothers had either abstained from alcohol during pregnancy or had ingested alcohol in one of four categories: occasional, moderate, binge or frankly alcoholic. The power ...
Halmesmäki E - - 1988
Present data on the harmful fetal effects of maternal alcohol use have seriously questioned the safety of ethanol treatment, as once prescribed for arresting premature uterine contractions. Therefore, we analyzed retrospectively the fate of infants whose mothers took ethanol for threatened first- or second-trimester abortion in 1968-1973. One hundred thirty-six ...
Massman J E - - 1988
A technique for evaluating signs and symptoms of alcohol withdrawal that provides an accurate guide to benzodiazepine dosage is presented. In addition to achieving homeostasis, the total benzodiazepine dosage is greatly reduced. Adjunctive therapies for seizure prophylaxis and hypertension as well as substitution of other benzodiazepines for diazepam are discussed.
Patetta M J - - 1988
A retrospective study of 1,052 unintentional drowning deaths in North Carolina during the period from 1980 through 1984 was carried out, with emphasis on the victims' activity and alcohol consumption, and the settings of the accidents. The data suggest that many drownings are preventable, and reinforce the etiologic importance of ...
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