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Results 251 - 300 of 491
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Smoak B L - - 1997
During US military operations in Somalia, mefloquine, a drug for malaria chemoprophylaxis, was not approved for use in pregnant women. Some female soldiers inadvertently used mefloquine before becoming aware of their pregnancy. A registry was established to follow the outcomes of these pregnancies. Questionnaires were administered at the time the ...
Czeizel A E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To identify the teratogenic risk of large doses of various drugs taken by women in attempting suicide. METHODS: This population-based, prospective, epidemiologic study involved 559 women with pregnancy verified by a serum pregnancy test who were admitted to the toxicologic inpatient clinic in Budapest responsible for providing health services ...
Ellertson C - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of parental involvement laws on the birth rate, in-state abortion rate, odds of interstate travel, and odds of late abortion for minors. METHODS: Poisson and logistic regression models fitted to vital records compared the periods before and after the laws were enforced. RESULTS: In ...
Wielandt H - - 1997
This article discusses that an effective birth control exists in Denmark today. Birth control is considered as a means for the couple not only to reach the wished-for family size by limiting their number of children but also to decide when to have children. Since 1973, women in Denmark can ...
Faden V B - - 1997
Alcohol consumption by pregnant women and birth outcome were studied in 9953 livebirths, 3309 fetal deaths and 5332 infant deaths from the 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey. In crude analyses, race, age, mother's education, prenatal care, parity, low birthweight, gestational age, smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy were ...
Moore C A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between light-to-moderate prenatal alcohol exposure and congenital renal anomalies. METHODS: Data from the population-based Atlanta Birth Defects Case-Control Study were used to examine the association between selected renal anomalies and self-reported maternal alcohol consumption during the period from 1 month before through 3 months after ...
Chenery D H - - 1997
Samples of gamma-sterilized ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) have been examined using infrared and Raman spectroscopies. Infrared spectra of microtomed sections of a thick segment of material exhibited carbonyl bands whose intensity was consistent with published data. Raman spectroscopy has been used for the first time to detect oxidized precursors to the ...
Campos-Outcalt D - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the contributions of rural residence, alcohol use, and pedestrian fatalities to the high American Indian motor-vehicle crash mortality rate in Arizona. METHODS: Records from the Fatal Accident Reporting System were used to examine mortality rates between 1979 and 1988. RESULTS: American Indians had increased relative risks ...
Grant B F - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to separately examine the associations between ethanol intake and alcohol dependence, as defined in the DSM-III-R and DSM-IV, in conjunction with an identical set of external correlates, with a view toward assessing the convergent validity of the two diagnostic definitions of dependence. Although the ...
Zilberstein M - - 1997
Transvaginal amniotic puncture (TAP) was performed on 20 consecutive missed abortions immediately prior to dilatation and evacuation and the cytogenetic results compared. The information received from products of conception (POC) and TAP was in concordance in only 5 of 20 (25%) cases. Tissue obtained from POC yielded cells in all ...
Lindsay D S - - 1997
Neospora caninum is a major cause of abortion in dairy cattle in the United States and other countries. Abortions and neonatal mortality also occur in other ruminant species. Decoquinate is an anticoccidial that is approved for use in cattle and goats in the United States. We studied the efficacy of ...
Smith K C - - 1996
The reproductive performance of 5488 ewes in 34 commercially managed, lowland flocks in west Somerset was assessed by means of a questionnaire survey and flock inspections. The introduction of vasectomised rams before the breeding season (teasing) markedly affected the proportions of ewes mated in the first 16 days after the ...
Goodlett C R - - 1996
The timing and duration of alcohol exposure was manipulated in neonatal rats by using a "binge" model of alcohol exposure during the "third trimester equivalent." Groups of Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to binges via artificial rearing on postnatal days (PD) 4-9, on PD 4-6 or on PD 7-9, which produced ...
Seagull F N - - 1996
Surveillance by parental concern has been advocated to assess whether formal child developmental testing is needed. To determine whether alcohol intake or illicit drug use in pregnancy is associated with differences in maternal perception of infant development, mothers with acknowledge alcohol and drug habits during pregnancy (N = 120) were ...
Molina J C - - 1996
Three experiments were conducted to assess the plasticity of ethanol-mediated conditioned aversions to a tactile stimulus in infant rats. Ten- and 11-day-old rats first acquired an aversion to a texture, by virtue of its pairing with alcohol-induced intoxication. This first conditioning phase was followed by an associative devaluation procedure, a ...
Evans M I - - 1996
MFPR and selective terminations satisfy the criteria of enabling pregnancies to continue with the least harm and most benefits to all involved. The surviving infants can be saved from certain death (abortion) or higher risks of severe harm and death and of an extended stay in neonatal intensive care (premature ...
Smart R G - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to see if recent changes in the funding of alcoholism programmes in the United States were related to changes in liver cirrhosis death rates. Data on per-capita spending, per-capita alcohol consumption and cirrhosis death rates were gathered from various sources for the years 1979 ...
Hinds T S - - 1996
The American public consumes a wide array of caffeinated products as coffee, tea, chocolate, cola beverages, and caffeine-containing medication. Therefore, it seems of value to inform both the scientific community and the consumer about the potential effects of excessive caffeine consumption, particularly by pregnant women. The results of this literature ...
Jørgensen J C - - 1996
In the present paper we have examined the distribution and identity of neuropeptide Y (NPY) immunoreactivity in the prenatal and mature human gonads. Tissue specimens were obtained from prenatal gonads (gestational age < 42 weeks) of induced abortions, premature birth and stillbirths. Specimens were also taken from infants who died ...
Jacobson J L - - 1996
The risk of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is known to increase with increased maternal age and parity. This study investigated the hypothesis that the deficits in growth and intellectual function seen in non-FAS infants exposed to alcohol at moderate-to-heavy levels are also found disproportionately in the offspring of older mothers. ...
Prasad M H - - 1996
The reproductive performance of the wives of 300 men working in the pharmaceutical factory and exposed to sulfonamides was evaluated. The percentage of abortions, stillbirths, premature births, and live births among the wives of these workers and the frequency of congenital malformations in the offspring were recorded. The reproductive performance ...
Paradinas F J - - 1996
We have compared the clinical and histological features of 149 complete moles with 146 triploid partial moles and 107 diploid non-molar hydropic abortions initially registered as moles for human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) follow-up. Forty-one patients with complete moles, five with partial moles and one with hydropic abortion received chemotherapy for ...
Murphy N J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the relationship between tobacco and/or alcohol use and Alaska Native birth weight. METHODS: Data on weight, tobacco smoking and alcohol use among Alaska Natives were abstracted from 1989-91 Indian Health Service natality records based on birth certificates. RESULTS: Birth certificate data were available for 9,175 live births. Single ...
Leversha A M - - 1995
AIMS: To obtain an estimate of the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome in New Zealand and to report information on paediatrician surveillance for alcohol related birth defects. METHODS: New Zealand paediatricians were asked to complete a postal survey. Questions recorded the number of children with alcohol related birth defects under ...
Delgado-Rodríguez M - - 1995
The role of report/recall bias in case-control studies of low birth weight (LBW) was investigated in women who gave birth at a tertiary hospital. Prenatal exposure information reported at the postpartum interview was compared with that documented during pregnancy in obstetric records. 169 cases of LBW and 198 controls were ...
Yu J - - 1995
Raising the drinking age twice in New York State in the 1980s might have created a generation of "serial beginning drinkers." Findings indicate that when young adults become beginning drinkers, their chances of drinking-driving increase; when they become serial beginning drinkers, their involvement in drinking-driving remains high over time. The ...
Abel E L - - 1995
The incidence of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is now estimated at 0.97 cases per 1,000 live births in the general obstetric population and 4.3% among "heavy" drinkers. The general incidence is more than 20 times higher in the United States (1.95 per 1,000) compared to Europe and other countries (0.08 per ...
Hannigan J H - - 1995
Studies with animal models of alcohol-related birth defects (ARBDs) suggest that reductions in circulating thyroid hormones, including thyroxine (T4), may be a persistent postnatal effect of fetal alcohol exposure. The few clinical reports of children with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) that address thyroid system function generally reported that FAS children ...
Holzman C - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol has been shown to have teratogenic effects on the fetal central nervous system. However, little research has been done to assess the impact of prenatal alcohol exposure on premature infants, a group particularly vulnerable to perinatal brain injury. METHODS: We examined the relation between maternal alcohol use and ...
Verkerk P H - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The validity of the results of studies using retrospectively collected information on exposures is often criticized, because cases may report differently from controls even if their true exposure status is the same. This study was performed to quantify the extent to which this effect (differential misclassification) may occur for ...
Jacobson S W - - 1994
Fetal alcohol exposure is associated with slower reaction times (RTs) in children, suggesting an alcohol-related deficit in "speed of central processing." This study examined effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on a new paradigm which, for the first time, directly assesses RT in infancy. RT was assessed in 103 Black, inner-city, ...
Gissler M - - 1994
Two problems originating from the advanced use of medical technology in screening for malformations and in the care of preterm and low birthweight infants are presented: the impact of the increasing number of induced medical abortions and the differences in statistical definitions on perinatal mortality (PNM) figures. Data on 186,562 ...
Meier K J - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: This study examines whether state family planning expenditures and abortion funding for Medicaid-eligible women might reduce the number of low-birthweight babies, babies with late or no prenatal care, and premature births, as well as the rates of infant and neonatal mortality. METHODS: Using a pooled time-series analysis from 1982 ...
Maine D - - 1994
Each year, complications related to unsafe abortion account for at least one in seven maternal deaths worldwide. Nearly all of these deaths occur in developing countries and most are preventable. The authors argue that to prevent abortion-related deaths, all women must have access to safe abortion and contraceptive services, and ...
Sloan F A - - 1994
Alcohol use has been linked to several causes of death. This study provides an empirical analysis of the effects of various public policies on mortality rates by state and year for the years 1982-88. Causes of death analyzed are: alcohol primary cause; traffic accident; homicides; suicides; falls, fires and other ...
Lilja M - - 1994
This case control study reports associations between single umbilical artery (SUA) in newborns and some maternal biological characteristics. The study is based on chromosomally normal singleton infants born in Sweden between 1983 and 1990. Information on the maternal characteristics studied was obtained prospectively. There were 2920 cases identified and 5840 ...
Pearson M A - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine if maternal toluene abuse produces any structural or developmental disabilities in the developing fetus, a cohort of toluene-exposed infants was ascertained and examined. METHODOLOGY: Eighteen infants with a history of in utero toluene exposure were examined at birth. Nine of these infants were reexamined 3 to 36 ...
Zobeck T S - - 1994
Trends in alcohol-related traffic crash fatalities for the United States were examined with data from the Fatal Accident Reporting System for the years 1979-90. Alcohol-related traffic crash fatalities have decreased 10% over the 12 years studied, from 20,245 in 1979 to 18,279 in 1990. Fatality rates per 100 million vehicles ...
Obafunwa J O - - 1994
A total of 48 cases of dextropropoxyphene-related deaths that occurred over a 6-year period (1987-1992) in the Lothian and Borders region of Scotland were reviewed. No significant gender difference was found but a significantly greater proportion of the deaths occurred in the urban areas (P < 0.05). Suicide accounted for ...
Büyüktimkin S - - 1993
The biodegradable transdermal penetration enhancer, dodecyl 2-(N,N-dimethylamino)propionate (II; DDAIP), was prepared by reacting dodecyl 2-bromopropionate (I), obtained by reaction of n-dodecanol with 2-bromopropionyl halogenide, with dimethylamine. The penetration enhancing effects of DDAIP on the transport of indomethacin, clonidine, and hydrocortisone across shed snake skin (Elaphe obsoleta) were evaluated. Azone and ...
Debooy V D - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To report the effects of intravenous abuse of pentazocine hydrochloride and methylphenidate hydrochloride during pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PATIENTS: All pregnant women and their offspring, whose hospital records indicated prenatal abuse of pentazocine and methylphenidate during the 2-year study period. RESULTS: The median for maternal age was 22 ...
Tolo K A - - 1993
We investigated the effects of occasional alcohol binges on birth outcomes in a cohort of live singletons born to 709 moderate drinkers recruited from a Seattle, WA, health maintenance organization before their sixth month of pregnancy. We compared infants of women with one or more binges in the month before ...
Griffin R E - - 1993
Delirium tremens was first identified as being due to long-term excessive alcohol intake in 1813, but is now known to be associated with abrupt withdrawal of alcohol in chronically habituated persons. Recent publications quote an anticipated mortality rate of 15% to 20%. Our experience in the past 20 years has ...
Mydler T T - - 1993
Isopropyl alcohol continues to be a frequent toxicologic exposure. However, no cases involving the newborn period have been described. A 14-day-old male infant presented to the emergency department (ED) with the mother's chief complaint that "He is not himself." Physical examination observed the infant to be lethargic and hypotonic. Laboratory ...
Laitinen T - - 1993
PROBLEM AND METHOD: The role of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes in the etiology of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) was studied by analyzing the polymorphism of several, at least 14, immunogenetically important MHC genes either by serological or molecular methods in 56 Finnish RSA couples, and in 29 infants born ...
Ratnayake W M - - 1993
The lipid content and composition of boiled, filtered, dripped, Turkish and espresso coffees prepared from roasted beans of Coffea arabica and Coffea robusta, and of coffees prepared from different brands of instant coffee were examined. The lipid content varied with the method of preparation. While coffee brews filtered through filter ...
Jacobson J L - - 1993
Results of previous studies of effects of drinking during pregnancy on standardized tests of infant development have varied, depending on level of exposure. This study of 382 Black, inner city infants confirmed effects of moderate-to-heavy prenatal alcohol exposure on Bayley Scale performance originally observed in a White, middle class cohort. ...
Vicas I M - - 1993
A 37 weeks gestation, 1500 gram male infant with multiple dysmorphic features underwent surgery for gastroschisis several hours after birth. During post-operative mechanical ventilation, 70% isopropyl alcohol was accidentally placed in the humidifier of the ventilator, resulting in an estimated 2 h exposure. While the baby seemed clinically stable, initial ...
Puffer R R - - 1993
Both maternal and infant death rates in the United States are much higher than in many developed countries. The interrelationships between abortions and maternal and infant mortality have been analyzed on the basis of data from the 1970s and 1980s. The legalization of abortions in 1973 resulted in a marked ...
McIntosh N - - 1993
Variability of physiological parameters was used as a measure of stress in the newborn infant. There was a significant increase in variability of the heart rate (P < 0.01) when the stab of the heel prick occurred in addition to the other elements of the procedure (positioning, warming, alcohol swab ...
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