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Yazdani Parvaneh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Animal studies suggest that early intervention in pups exposed heavily to ethanol in utero can mitigate their neurocognitive damage. No human studies on this promising mechanism exists. METHODS: Breaking the Cycle is an early intervention program for drug-and alcohol addicted mothers and their young children. We compared BSID-III scores ...
Mills Rosanne M T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Retaining guardianship of one's infant is often a priority for pregnant women who use substances, and may be beneficial to infants when they are safe in their mothers' care. Previous studies from the United States have identified several maternal psychosocial characteristics associated with the ability to keep an infant ...
Stubblefield Phillip G - - 2008
A history of previous birth of a low birthweight infant, previous cesarean sections, multiple previous spontaneous abortions, prior stillbirth, or uterine anomaly identifies women at increased risk for recurrent abortion, preterm birth, or stillbirth. We review the evidence for the potential benefit of reproductive history in identifying strategies for evaluation ...
Guldi Melanie - - 2008
This article empirically assesses whether age-restricted access to abortion and the birth control pill influence minors' fertility in the United States. There is not a strong consensus in previous literature regarding the relationship between laws restricting minors' access to abortion and minors' birth rates. This is the first study to ...
McLellan E - - 2008
Blood culture contamination is a significant adverse event. This study evaluated whether using ChloraPrep (2% alcoholic chlorhexidine) instead of 70% isopropyl alcohol wipes reduced contamination rates on two Medical Assessment Units (MAU1 and MAU2). ChloraPrep was introduced for 2 to 3-month intervention periods, initially on MAU1 and MAU2 and subsequently ...
- - 2008
Excessive alcohol consumption is a leading preventable cause of death in the United States and has substantial public health impact on American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations. To estimate the average annual number of alcohol-attributable deaths (AADs) and years of potential life lost (YPLLs) among AI/ANs in the United ...
Taguchi Nobuko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Use of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) is becoming increasingly common. However, a recent study based on a series of cases reported to FDA suggests possible teratogenic effects of statins on embryogenesis, such as limb defects and severe central nervous system anomalies. METHODS: In a prospective, observational cohort study with ...
Das Bhaskar - - 2008
The north-eastern states of India in general and the state of Assam in particular appear to be areas with a very high incidence of HbE, with the highest frequency of the allele observed among the Kachari population. In the present study a Tibeto-Burmese speaking population of Assam, India has been ...
Kenttämies Anu - - 2008
Bathing in sauna is common in Finland, where there are approximately 2 million saunas among the population of 5.2 million. In this paper, deaths occurring while in a sauna in 1990-2002 in Finland were studied by analyzing police and forensic autopsy reports, death certificates, and toxicological results. The annual rate ...
Peterson Jennifer J Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2008
To determine the relationship between fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) in meconium and neurodevelopment in infants exposed to alcohol in utero at 6.5 months, 1 year, and 2 years of age. A secondary analysis of a prospective cohort of mothers at high risk and their infants recruited after admission to ...
Salakos N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Due to lack of consistent evidence, it is widely believed that Greece holds one of the highest abortion rates in Europe. The aim of this study is to clarify these rates. STUDY DESIGN: The Greek Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology collected data demonstrating that abortion rates seem to be ...
Brecher Arthur S - - 2008
Captopril, a thiol-containing antihypertensive drug, and lisinopril, an amino-containing antihypertensive drug, will both prolong the prothrombin time (PT) of Level I plasma. Acetaldehyde, a product of ethanol metabolism, also prolongs PT. In a study to examine the interrelationship between hypertension, hemostasis, and alcoholism, an examination of the impact of acetaldehyde ...
Ara Gulshan - - 2008
The Muslims of Aligarh city are predominantly Sunnis, although there are also a considerable number of Shias. Among the Sunnis, approximately a quarter belong to Syed, Sheikh, Moghal and Pathan groups, and three-quarters belong to various lower biradaris. In the present study, 304 women attending the Primary Health Centre of ...
Petit Tom - - 2008
It was the aim of this project to obtain information on the prevalence of Chlamydiaceae and Mollicutes and their potential importance for reproductive problems in cattle. Cervical or vaginal swabs were taken from 644 animals in 196 farms and blood samples were collected from 375 cattle. Out of the animals, ...
Arqués J L - - 2007
La Serena cheeses made from raw Merino ewe's milk were high-pressure (HP) treated at 300 or 400 MPa for 10 min on d 2 or 50 after manufacture. Ripening of HP-treated and control cheeses proceeded until d 60 at 8 degrees C. Volatile compounds were determined throughout ripening, and analysis ...
He Wenjie - - 2007
Arsenic is an abundant toxicant in ground water and soil around areas with extractive industries. Human epidemiological studies have shown that arsenic exposure is linked to developmental defects and miscarriage. The placenta is known to utilize vasculogenesis to develop its circulation. The hypothesis tested here states the following: arsenic exposure ...
Rainio Juha - - 2008
Post-mortem diagnosis of chronic alcohol abuse is a challenge for forensic experts due to the lack of pathognomonic morphological findings and often also inadequate background information. Objective methods demonstrating chronic excessive alcohol consumption would therefore be a useful tool for forensic pathologists. In clinical practice, several markers of chronic alcohol ...
Harper C C - - 2007
Over 99% of deaths due to abortion occur in developing countries. Maternal deaths due to abortion are preventable. Increasing the use of misoprostol for elective abortion could have a notable impact on maternal mortality due to abortion. As a test of this hypothesis, this study estimated the reduction in maternal ...
Bookstein Fred L - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the brain are seen at every age. The earlier they can be quantified, the better the prognosis for the affected child. Here we show measurable alcohol effects at birth on a structure currently used for nosology only much later in life. METHODS: Midline ...
Través Carmen - - 2007
AIM: The need for a non-invasive diagnosis of the effects of ethanol in utero on the development of the intestine in humans led us to look for a serum marker of the structural integrity of the intestine. We propose apolipoprotein A-IV (apoA-IV) as a possible candidate. In humans this protein ...
Tran Minh-Nguyet - - 2007
Methanol and ethanol are primarily metabolized through the alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) system in adults. Under saturating substrate concentrations, blood alcohol concentrations decline at a constant rate (i.e., zero-order kinetics). Minor metabolic alcohol pathways include oxidation through the cytochrome P450 system and catalase. We previously reported a 5-week-old infant that survived ...
Allen Kelly - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) in Victoria through the Victorian Birth Defects Register (VBDR). METHODS: A sample of live births from 1995-2002 was selected from the Victorian Perinatal Data Collection and VBDR based on reported microcephaly, FAS or maternal use of alcohol during pregnancy. Following ...
Druschel Charlotte M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Two demographically similar counties included in the New York Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Surveillance Network had very different prevalence rates. This study examined the components of the surveillance in an attempt to discover the reasons for this discrepancy. METHODS: Erie County and Monroe County were the 2 most populous counties ...
Mune Mune Martin Alain
Ground cowpea [<I>Vigna unguiculata</I> (L.) walp] and Bambara bean [<I>Vigna subterranea</I> (L.) verde] were treated with 60% ethanol to eliminate anti-nutrients and improve their nutritional quality. Analytical results show that the resulting flour products had a yield of 81-82% and a protein content increase of 11.61 and 4.68% for cowpea ...
Aina Olatunji F - - 2008
There is an observed increasing trend of substance use among the adolescents and young adults. One of the important aetiologies is "modeling" especially from popular artists portraying their use to the viewing public over the electronic media. Indigenous films on video tapes acted in English or "Yoruba" (a popular Nigerian ...
Bernasconi Giorgina - - 2007
Intraspecific variation in pollen deposition and number of pollen tubes per style is rarely quantified, but is essential for assessing the occurrence of pollen limitation and pollen competition and their evolutionary implications. Moreover, pollen deposition, pollen tube growth, and the fate of fertilized ovules are rarely distinguished in field studies. ...
Daula Mary - - 2006
Alcohol can contribute to various manners of death by acute intoxication that places a person at risk for fatal injury, acute fatal alcohol poisoning, or the various fatal complications of chronic abuse with or without superimposed acute intoxication. The reporting of alcohol use on the death certificate may vary with ...
Haley David W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have shown that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is linked to alterations in the stress response systems. To date, little is known about the impact of PAE on stress systems in human infants. The current study examined PAE effects on the stress response, as evidenced by the activation ...
Kraus Chadd K - - 2006
Alcohol violations by airline pilots are rare yet remain a public concern. Such incidents often generate widespread news coverage. This study examines the frequency and characteristics of alcohol violation incidents involving airline pilots reported in U.S. newspapers. The database of Lexis-Nexis, which contains full-text articles for over 350 newspapers, was ...
Mann Robert E - - 2006
Drinking-driving is a leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in Canada. The purpose of this paper was to examine factors that influenced drinking driver deaths in Ontario. We examined the impact of per capita consumption of total alcohol, and of beer, wine and spirits separately, on drinking-driving deaths in ...
Siler-Marsiglio Kendra I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Prenatal alcohol exposure produces anatomical and behavioral abnormalities associated with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Animal FAS models have demonstrated temporal windows of vulnerability in the developing cerebellum, with substantial ethanol (EtOH)-mediated apoptotic activation during these periods. In rodents, the cerebellum is most sensitive to EtOH on postnatal days 4 ...
Hunter Sarah B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In California, driving under the influence (DUI) arrest and conviction rates are disproportionately higher among the Hispanic population. Acculturation and other factors associated with drinking and driving may help explain this disparity. METHOD: Interviews with Hispanic repeat DUI offenders were conducted immediately prior to sentencing and 2 years later. ...
Young Chainllie - - 2006
Exposure of infant rats or mice to ethanol on a single occasion during the period of rapid synaptogenesis can cause extensive apoptotic neurodegeneration throughout the developing CNS. Prior studies were designed to assess the effects of large doses of ethanol (comparable to heavy binge drinking), whereas in the present study, ...
Martínez Juan M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that Swiss infants have a minimum intake of 10.0 microg of colecalciferol (vitamin D3) per day during the first 12 months of life. For this reason they are prescribed an alcoholic solution containing colecalciferol. However, it has been stated that the palatability to infants of the ...
Farley Thomas L - - 2006
Spina bifida is a disorder of the cerebrospinal fluid system associated with failure of neural tube closure in the fetus. Reproductive history studies of mothers with spina bifida offspring have often been conducted shortly after the affected child's birth. In this study, a large group of community-based mothers were studied ...
Palomba Stefano - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of clomiphene citrate (CC) administration for ovulation induction in CC-resistant oligo-ovulatory women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) after metformin treatment or laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD). Design Prospective controlled study. PATIENTS: Twenty-eight overweight oligo-amenorrhoeic women with PCOS who were still anovulatory after metformin administration (group A, ...
Dhand N K - - 2005
A random survey was conducted to study the epidemiology of brucellosis in Punjab (India), using the 'Survey Toolbox' sampling software. A two-stage sampling procedure was adopted: in the first stage, villages were selected, and in the second the selection of animals was made. In all, 52 villages were selected randomly ...
Strauss Lilo T - - 2005
CDC began abortion surveillance in 1969 to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions. This report summarizes and describes data voluntarily reported to CDC regarding legal induced abortions obtained in the United States in 2002. For each year since 1969, CDC has compiled abortion data by ...
Chien Yeh-Chung - - 2005
This study examined the effects of exposure to ethanol through cultural practices by lactating mothers. Specifically, the pharmacokinetics of alcohol in Chinese lactating mothers was investigated after they consumed chicken soup flavored with sesame oil and rice wine (CSSR), a typically prescribed diet during the postpartum "doing-the-month" period. Experimental findings ...
Su Lin-Lin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and adverse effects of vaginal misoprostol and intra-amniotic PGF2alpha for midtrimester abortion. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred thirty-two women between 12 and 24 weeks' gestation, seeking abortion in a tertiary hospital, were randomized to receive vaginal misoprostol (400 microg every ...
Wang Yi-Ching - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate, using a randomized trial, whether a web-based self-administered questionnaire (web SAQ) can improve the reporting rate of substance use in adolescents compared with a paper-and-pencil self-administered questionnaire (paper SAQ). METHODS: Students of junior high, senior high, and vocational high schools in Taipei City and County were selected ...
Henderson Jillian T - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Extensive data from clinical trials document mifepristone's safety and efficacy for induced abortion, but less information is available about its safety in routine clinical use. METHODS: Data on mifepristone abortion use from the Planned Parenthood Federation of America, the largest provider of mifepristone abortion in the United States, from ...
Manzardo Ann M AM Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66160, USA. - - 2005
Levels of oxidative defenses and blood-clotting factors are normally reduced in newborns, increasing the risk of injury to developing brain structures around the time of birth. This early neonatal vulnerability corresponds to a timeframe in which the development of reward-related limbic structures is particularly active. Taking advantage of a serendipitous ...
Bonaminio P N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and type of minor physical anomalies (MPAs) in infants born to mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Each trimester, pregnant women with SLE were assessed for disease activity, prescribed drug use, and exposure to tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs through a self reported questionnaire. ...
Sekine Takashi - - 2005
A familial case of multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) is described. The proband is a one-year-old boy with left MCDK, and his father was also revealed to have unilateral MCDK. The mother had two abortions; the second pregnancy was terminated because of bilateral MCDK of the fetus (Potter anomaly). The two ...
Toll Benjamin A - - 2006
This study compared reports of alcohol consumption using an Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system and the Timeline Followback (TLFB). One hundred eighty-two daily smokers who were not alcohol dependent provided once daily reports of alcohol consumption using an IVR system and participated in a weekly TLFB interview. The reporting time ...
Gauthier Theresa W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Since chronic alcohol use suppresses the adult immune system, we tested the hypothesis that maternal alcohol ingestion increases the risk of infection in term newborns. METHODS: Analysis of a large case-control study of birth weight for gestational age was performed focusing on maternal alcohol ingestion and the development of ...
Bearer Cynthia F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To develop a laboratory marker to identify newborns exposed to alcohol. STUDY DESIGN: Meconium was collected from 30 infants from Jordan who were unexposed and from 248 Cleveland study infants of varying exposure status. Retrospective maternal alcohol histories were obtained. Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) were quantified with gas ...
Spear Norman E NE Department of Psychology, Center for Developmental Psychobiology, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA. - - 2005
Despite good evidence that ethanol abuse in adulthood is more likely the earlier human adolescents begin drinking, it is unclear why the early onset of drinking occurs in the first place. A review of experimental studies with animals complemented by clinical, epidemiologic and experimental studies with humans supports the idea ...
Guthery Eugene - - 2005
Alcohol-based products for skin antisepsis have a long history of safety and efficacy in the United States and abroad. However, alcohol alone lacks the required antimicrobial persistence to provide for the sustained periods of skin antisepsis desired in the clinical environment. Therefore, alcohol-based products must have a preservative agent such ...
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