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Samuel Tal Y - - 2013
AIM: To determine the normal SpO(2) in healthy term newborns at mild-altitude (MA, 780 meters) compared to sea level (SL), within the context of universal screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) METHODS: we studied 199 (119 at MA and 80 at SL) consecutively born healthy newborns. SpO(2) recordings were ...
Basu Sriparna - - 2013
Acute scrotal abscess in neonates is rare and may mimic testicular torsion. An unusual case of unilateral scrotal abscess caused by Candida albicans in a preterm infant is presented. As far as we are aware, this complication has not been reported before.
Catania Vincenzo Davide - - 2013
The finding of a congenital fibrous band during laparotomy for intestinal obstruction is extremely rare. Preoperative diagnosis is challenging and no characteristic radiological findings have been described. We report the case of a premature baby in whom incomplete intestinal obstruction was due to a congenital band originating from the duodeno-jejunal ...
Ali Nadir Ali Mohamed - - 2013
To identify the prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among preterm neonates admitted to Department of Neonatology, RIPAS hospital, Brunei Darussalam. We studied 67 preterm infants fulfilling the eligibility criteria for ROP screening. All infants studied were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, RIPAS Hospital, within a period of one ...
Drnasin Kristina - - 2013
Ultrasonographic (US) screening of the urinary tract (UT) in infants was used to determine if there is a connection between the frequency of pyelocaliceal dilation (PCD) in asymptomatic infants with normal antenatal US screening and occurrence of congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) and urinary tract infections (UTI). ...
Enweronu-Laryea Christabel C - - 2013
Congenital malaria is defined as malaria parasitaemia in the first week of life. The reported prevalence of congenital malaria in sub-Saharan Africa is variable (0 - 46%). Even though the clinical significance of congenital malaria parasitaemia is uncertain, anti-malarial drugs are empirically prescribed for sick newborns by frontline health care ...
Shorter Damon - - 2013
Uncorrected developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is associated with long term morbidity such as gait abnormalities, chronic pain and degenerative arthritis. To determine the effect of different screening programmes for DDH on the incidence of late presentation of congenital hip dislocation. Searches were performed in CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library), ...
Kemper Alex R - - 2013
This is a commentary on a Cochrane review, published in this issue of EBCH, first published as: Shorter D, Hong T, Osborn DA. Screening programmes for developmental dysplasia of the hip in newborn infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 9 Art. No.: CD004595. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004595.pub2. Copyright © 2013 ...
Torres-Alvarez Bertha - - 2013
A male infant of 2,900 g was born at term to a 19-year-old primigravida woman who had adequate prenatal care and no major complications detected during the pregnancy. The only reported medical event was an episode of urinary tract infection by E. coli one month before delivering, which resolved without ...
Stoll C - - 2013
Infants with radial ray deficiencies very often have other associated congenital anomalies. The reported frequency and types of associated malformations vary between different studies. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the frequency and types of associated malformations among infants with radial ray deficiencies in a geographically well-defined population ...
Fahimzad Alireza - - 2013
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a leading cause of congenital infection in neonates. Most infants with congenital CMV infection are asymptomatic at birth and not diagnosed on routine clinical examination. To identify these at-risk infants early in life, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays are done to screen large populations of newborn infants. ...
Nalwadda Christine Kayemba - - 2013
Seventy-five percent of newborn deaths happen in the first-week of life, with the highest risk of death in the first 24-hours after birth.WHO and UNICEF recommend home-visits for babies in the first-week of life to assess for danger-signs and counsel caretakers for immediate referral of sick newborns. We assessed timely ...
Metzger-Müller D D Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, SWITZERLAND; - - 2013
The European Consensus Statement of Neonatal Hearing recommended universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) in 1998. UNHS was introduced in Switzerland in 1999 under the auspices of a "Swiss Working Group Hearing Screening in Newborns". The aim of this study was to evaluate the number of newborns being screened and consequently ...
Fierson Walter M - - 2013
This statement revises a previous statement on screening of preterm infants for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) that was published in 2006. ROP is a pathologic process that occurs only in immature retinal tissue and can progress to a tractional retinal detachment, which can result in functional or complete blindness. Use ...
la Marca Giancarlo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Adenosine deaminase (ADA)-severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is caused by genetic variants that disrupt the function of ADA. In its early-onset form, it is rapidly fatal to infants. Delayed or late-onset ADA-SCID is characterized by insidious progressive immunodeficiency that leads to permanent organ damage or death. Quantification of T-cell receptor ...
Abdallah Morsi W - - 2012
A potential role of chemokines in the pathophysiology of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) has been previously suggested. In a recent study we examined levels of three inflammatory chemokines (MCP-1, MIP-1α and RANTES) in samples of amniotic fluid of children diagnosed later in life with ASD and controls frequency-matched to cases ...
Mallott Jacob - - 2012
PURPOSE: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is characterized by failure of T lymphocyte development and absent or very low T cell receptor excision circles (TRECs), DNA byproducts of T cell maturation. Newborn screening for TRECs to identify SCID is now performed in several states using PCR of DNA from universally collected ...
Nie Fang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the melamine-tainted-milk incident started with reports of increased incidence of urolithiasis in infants in China. Affected children were screened for urolithiasis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze sonographic characterization of infant melamine-induced urolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transabdominal US examination was done in 603 infants ...
Bravo-Valenzuela Nathalie Jeanne Magioli - - 2012
This paper reports a rare case of elevated lipoproteinemia(a) that evolved into thrombosis during the neonatal period. During the first days of life, the patient presented with an intracardiac thrombus, pulmonary thromboembolism and a hemorrhagic stroke. Initially, the results of the blood tests performed to screen for thrombophilic diseases were ...
Richter-Rodier M - - 2012
Purpose: Congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) are among the most common anomalies in newborn infants, and may cause chronic renal disease in newborns. We investigated the sensitivity and specificity of different ultrasound-based screening strategies for CAKUT. Materials and Methods: Newborns (n = 4331) were analyzed for CAKUT in ...
Defranco Emily A - - 2012
Our objective is to systematically review the current medical literature to assess the accuracy of the combination of fetal fibronectin (fFN) plus ultrasound assessment of cervical length (CL) as screening tools for preterm labor and prediction of preterm birth (PTB), and to compare this to the traditional clinical method of ...
O'Sullivan Brian P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe pancreatic function during the first year of life in infants diagnosed with cystic fibrosis (CF) using serial fecal elastase measurements. STUDY DESIGN: This was a longitudinal study of 82 infants diagnosed with CF through newborn screening. Monthly stool samples were sent to a central laboratory for fecal ...
Schrag Stephanie J - - 2012
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) emerged as the leading cause of newborns infection in the United States in the 1970s. In the 1980s clinical trials demonstrated that giving intrapartum intravenous ampicillin or penicillin to mothers at risk was highly effective at preventing invasive GBS disease in the first week of life ...
Gupta Vasudha - - 2012
To survey the current inclusion criteria used for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening across tertiary level 3 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Canada. Clinical directors from 29 level 3 NICUs in Canada. Survey of all 29 level 3 NICUs in Canada in September 2010. The survey inquired about the ...
Kong Mingui - - 2012
As younger preterm infants are able to survive, more extremely preterm infants are at risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). To investigate the incidence, progression and risk factors of ROP in extremely preterm infants in Korea, the medical records of infants born before 25 weeks gestation were retrospectively reviewed. ...
Currie Lisa L Department of Community Health and - - 2012
The ability of the Rourke Baby Record (Rourke) and the Nipissing District Developmental Screen (NDDS) to detect developmental delay is not known. To determine the test characteristics of the Rourke and NDDS compared with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development III for detecting developmental delay in high-risk children. ...
Visser L L Department of Ophthalmology, Nelson RMandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. - - 2013
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), one of the most common causes of preventable blindness in preterm neonates, is emerging as a 'third epidemic' in middle-income countries including South Africa. This is due to the increasing survival of preterm neonates, insufficient monitoring of oxygen saturation (SaO2) in most centres, and lack of ...
Farrell Michael H MH Center for Patient Care and Outcomes Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2013
To examine the quality of communication likely to be experienced by parents when being first informed about how newborn screening identified heterozygous "carrier" status for cystic fibrosis or sickle cell disease. Primary care providers (PCPs) of infants found to have carrier status were telephoned over a 48-month period, and asked ...
Gersak Ksenija - - 2012
Abstract Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHDs) in live-born infants with Down syndrome (DS) and to investigate whether these CHDs might be detected during routine second trimester ultrasound screening performed at the primary level. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 66 cases of DS in live-born infants. ...
Kwon Elena N - - 2012
Uncontrolled/untreated maternal hyperthyroidism has been associated with fetal tachycardia. We report a case of right-ventricular (RV) hypertrophy with pericardial effusion related to untreated maternal Graves' disease. A 33-year-old G4P1021 woman with uncontrolled Graves' disease presented at 29 weeks gestation with abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding. Fetal echocardiogram showed severe RV hypertrophy ...
Büyükgebiz Atilla - - 2012
Newborn screening (NS) for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is one of the major achievements in preventive medicine. Most neonates born with CH have normal appearance and no detectable physical signs. Hypothyroidism in the newborn period is almost always overlooked, and delayed diagnosis leads to the most severe outcome of CH, mental ...
Koyama Yuhei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In newborn infants, there are no reference intervals for urinary free steroids, which are thought to reflect the bioavailable fraction of steroids in the blood. We establish a method for simultaneous measurement of urinary free adrenal steroids such as pregnenolone, progesterone, 16α-hydroxyprogesterone, 17α-hydroxyprogesterone, 21-deoxycortisone, 21-deoxycortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone, androstenedione, and 11β-hydroxyandrostenedione ...
Barbosa Maricele N - - 2012
Parental care in mammals is influenced by sensory stimuli from infants, and by changes in the hormone levels of caretakers. To determine the responsiveness to infant cues in nonreproductive adult male common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) with and without previous experience in caretaking, we exposed 12 males to newborn marmosets and ...
Stock Amanda A Paediatric Emergency Physician, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of postnatal depression (PND) in mothers of young infants presenting to the emergency department (ED). Prospective observational study of the prevalence of PND in mothers of infants aged 14 days to 6 months presenting with non-time-critical conditions to the ED of a large tertiary paediatric hospital. ...
Araz-Ersan Bilge - - 2012
PURPOSE: To collect data towards the establishment of a guideline to predict the population under risk for the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in Turkey. METHODS: Medical reports of 2950 preterm infants who underwent screening examinations for ROP between 1996 and 2010 at Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of ...
Lee Laura J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The causes of choanal atresia or stenosis (CA) are largely unknown. Infant thyroxine (T(4) ) levels collected during newborn screening may be proxy measures for a risk factor present during the critical period of development. Therefore, we conducted a case-control study to examine the association between newborn T(4) levels ...
Holmström Gerd E - - 2012
OBJECTIVES To evaluate screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in Sweden and to investigate possible modifications of the present screening guidelines. METHODS Infants in Sweden with a gestational age (GA) of 31 weeks + 6 days or less are screened for ROP. Data from the Swedish national register for ROP (SWEDROP) during ...
Pasupathy Dharmintra - - 2012
Background:  Large-for-gestational-age (LGA) or macrosomic infants are associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. It is unclear if these associations are stronger using customised birthweight centiles. We compared outcomes between term infants defined macrosomic by birthweight >4000 g (Macro(4000) ) or LGA by population centiles (LGA(pop) ) with those defined LGA ...
Audino Anthony N - - 2012
Normal hemoglobin is made of a tetramer of 2 α-globin and 2 β-globin polypeptide chains. Deletions in the β-globin gene cluster can range from a few hundred base pairs to loss of the entire cluster resulting in rare, but clinically significant, thalassemias. One such entity is εγγδβ-thalassemia, a condition that ...
Dalili Setila - - 2012
This study was aimed to evaluate the situation of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in Guilan using the screening program and determine the correlation of CH with birth weight, gestational age and seasonality. During 2006 to 2010, in Guilan province, neonatal screening for CH by measurement of serum TSH level was performed ...
Mirfazeli Arezou - - 2012
Cleft lip with or without cleft palate is the most common orofacial congenital anomaly among live births. This study was carried out to determine the incidence rate of oral clefting in Gorgan, Northern Iran during 2004-2009. This descriptive hospital-based study was performed on 35,009 live newborns in Dezyani Hospital in ...
La Pean Alison - - 2013
To assess whether reporting "possible cystic fibrosis (CF)" newborn screening (NBS) results via fax plus simultaneous telephone contact with primary care providers (PCPs) versus fax alone influenced 3 outcomes: undergoing a sweat chloride test, age at sweat chloride testing, and undergoing sweat testing before age 8 weeks. This was a ...
McCandless Shawn E SE Department of Genetics and Genome Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. - - 2013
Newborn screening (NBS) for medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD), one of the most common disorders identified, uses measurement of octanoylcarnitine (C8) from dried blood spots. In the state of Ohio, as in many places, primary care providers, with or without consultation from a metabolic specialist, may perform "confirmatory testing", ...
Guner Sukriye Ilkay - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate prospectively the effects of swaddling and consanguineous marriage on developmental dysplasia of the hip and associated risk factors. We screened by ultrasound 265 infants using the Graf method. The Pediatrics Department referred all newborn infants with suspected instability or a recognized risk ...
Hsu Jen-Fu - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the 6-month neurodevelopmental outcomes of prematurely born neonates and find the determining neonatal factors of minor neurological dysfunctions (MNDs). STUDY DESIGN: We examined data collected prospectively on 151 infants born before 37th week of gestation in 2009-2010 who were assessed at 6months corrected age with the Bayley ...
Sarafoglou Kyriakie - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Newborn screening (NBS) for the classic forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is mandated in all states in the United States. Compared with other NBS disorders, the false-positive rate (FPR) of CAH screening remains high and has not been significantly improved by adjusting 17α-hydroxyprogesterone cutoff values for birth weight and/or ...
Reindl Bailey A - - 2012
Within a 7-month period at our institution, newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry revealed 10 cases with elevated levels of malonylcarnitine, which suggested malonic aciduria. Malonic aciduria is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism. Confirmatory testing yielded normal results in all the newborns involved. The application of quality ...
Mintz-Hittner Helen A - - 2012
ROP remains a major cause of childhood blindness worldwide. The smallest, sickest infants develop the most severe forms of zone 1 ROP. Such eyes may not be successfully treated by near confluent laser to the avascular retina (current standard of care). With an understanding of ROP pathogenesis, vascular endothelial growth ...
Derrington Taletha Mae - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to develop an algorithm using government-collected administrative data to identify prenatally drug-exposed infants (DEI) and determine the percent who were referred to and eligible for Part C Early Intervention (EI) in Massachusetts. Data from the population-based Pregnancy to Early Life Longitudinal (PELL) Data System ...
Chen Wei - - 2012
In this study, we demonstrate a more sensitive colorimetric assay for the detection of melamine based on the strong attraction between exocyclic amine groups of melamine and surface-bound AuCl(4)(-)/AuCl(2)(-) ions on bare gold nanoparticles prepared by the borohydride reduction method. This method is rather simple without further modification of gold ...
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