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Results 101 - 150 of 886
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Quan Teddy - - 2013
AIM: There is uncertainty about the risk of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in breech preterm infants and therefore uncertainty about the benefits of using ultrasound screening in this population. The aim of this study was to determine if preterm infants born in the breech position are at risk ...
Costa Júlia Gatti Ladeia JG Departamento de Parasitologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2013
Real-time PCR (qPCR) was positive in 72/150 (48%) blood samples of newborns with congenital toxoplasmosis. Among infants with active retinochoroiditis, 68% had positive qPCR results, while positivity was 29% (P=0.009) in the absence of ocular involvement. Positive qPCR was associated with the presence of retinochoroidal lesions, with an odds ratio ...
Yaman Arzu Kutlu - - 2013
Objective: Iodine deficiency and excess are the most important factors that affect screening and recall rates of congenital hypothyroidism. The purpose of this study was to investigate the urinary iodine status in newborns and their mothers and its effects on neonatal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in a mildly iodine-deficient area.Methods: ...
Cadario Francesco - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A deficiency in vitamin D (25OHD) is common throughout the world in both adults and children, being related to skin pigmentation, sun exposure, dietary intake and obesity. Limited data are available for the neonatal age. The aim of the study is to understand the differences in 25OHD levels with ...
Borg F - - 2013
Preterm delivery is birth occurring before 37 completed weeks of gestation. Preterm birth is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in children especially if this occurs before 34 weeks of gestation. If preterm birth could be predicted and treated accordingly, this would greatly reduce mortality, morbidity and associated costs. ...
Zin Andrea - - 2013
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in high-income countries now occurs, mostly in extreme low birth weight infants. In those countries, the incidence of ROP seems to have declined incrementally over the last few decades. But in middle-income countries, high rates of premature birth and increasing resuscitation of premature infants, often with ...
Wilson Clare M - - 2013
Screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and the optimum treatment of sight-threatening disease requires detailed understanding of the infants at risk and timely identification. Despite a plethora of guidelines, not all populations and situations are adequately covered, so that what should be preventable visual disability still occurs. This article considers ...
Price K R - - 2013
Most centres in the United Kingdom adopt a selective screening programme for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) based on repeated clinical examination and selective ultrasound examination. The Newborn Infant Physical Examination protocol implemented in 2008 recommends a first examination at birth and then a second and final examination at ...
Pizzolorusso Gianfranco - - 2013
Palpatory skills are a central part of osteopathic manipulative treatment and palpatory diagnosis. The aim of osteopathic structural examination is to locate somatic dysfunction and cranial strain pattern, which are the hallmarks that form the basis for treatment decisions and strategy. In the osteopathic literature, there is a lack of ...
Barkai Galia - - 2013
Congenital cytomegalovirus (C-CMV) infection affects 0.4-2% of newborn infants in Israel, most of whom are asymptomatic. Of these, 10-20% will subsequently develop hearing impairment and may have benetitted from early detection by neonatal screeing. To retrospectively anaIyze the results of a screening program for C-CMV performed at the Sheba Medical ...
Kuboi Toru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The measurement of transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) is very important to screen for hyperbilirubinemia in newborns. Until now, however, there has been no hour-specific, percentile-based TcB nomogram during the early neonatal period in a population of Japanese neonates. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop a TcB nomogram within 72 hours of ...
Adams-Chapman Ira I Department of Pediatrics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Candida remains an important cause of late-onset infection in preterm infants. Mortality and neurodevelopmental outcome of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants enrolled in the Candida study were evaluated based on infection status. ELBW infants born at Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research ...
Critchfield A S - - 2013
Objective:To determine if serum screen analytes identify preeclamptic patients at risk for small-for-gestational age newborns, maternal laboratory abnormalities and preterm delivery (<37 weeks gestation).Study Design:Using a retrospective cohort of 102 preeclamptic patients, associations between serum screen analytes and newborn birth-weight percentile, gestational age (GA) at delivery and maternal pre-delivery laboratory ...
Jegatheesan Priya - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To establish simultaneous pre- and postductal oxygen saturation nomograms in asymptomatic newborns when screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) at ∼24 hours after birth.METHODS:Asymptomatic term and late preterm newborns admitted to the newborn nursery were screened with simultaneous pre- and postductal oxygen saturation measurements at ∼24 hours after birth. ...
Thodi Georgia - - 2013
Biotinidase deficiency (BTD) is an inherited disorder with severe clinical manifestations if not treated early. 63119 neonates were tested for BTD according to a 3-step protocol. Biotinidase activity was initially estimated through standard colorimetric method on dried blood spots, then the suspected samples were subjected to molecular analysis of the ...
Bereket Gamze - - 2013
AIM: The utility of screening urinalysis in asymptomatic children has been questioned based on studies done in school-age children or adolescents. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended to abandon this screening in 2007 but many paediatricians perform it at some point during childhood. Thus, we aimed to investigate usefulness ...
Mouledoux Jessica H - - 2013
Screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) using pulse oximetry has been endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association. We sought to determine the incidence of undetected CCHD in Tennessee and the diagnostic gap of CCHD in Middle Tennessee prior to screening implementation. The Tennessee ...
Van Calcar Sandra C - - 2013
Short/branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (SBCADD), also called 2-methylbutyryl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (2-MBCDD), is a disorder of l-isoleucine metabolism of uncertain clinical significance. SBCADD is inadvertently detected on expanded newborn screening by elevated 2-methylbutyrylcarnitine (C5), which has the same mass to charge (m/s) on tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) as isovalerylcarnitine ...
Celik H Tolga - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of glucose-6-phospate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in newborn infants with neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia and to compare the clinical features of G6PD-deficient and G6PD-normal newborn infants. METHODS: A total of 4906 term and preterm neonates with indirect hyperbilirubinaemia were retrospectively evaluated according ...
Coclite Eleonora - - 2013
Abstract Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonitis may be severe, even lethal, following congenital infection or in premature infants with perinatal infection. Objective: To review the epidemiological, pathogenetic, clinical, and therapeutic features of prenatal and perinatal CMV lung diseases. Methods: Evaluation of all published papers listed on PubMed describing CMV pneumonitis in ...
Lupoli Luciana da Mata - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To verify and correlate the rate of failure in the newborn hearing screening in relation to the time of life of the newborn when the procedure is carried out. METHODS: The study focused on babies born on a maternity, from October/2010 to March/2011. Newborns possessing one or more risk ...
Ryckman Kelli K - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Measurements of neonatal metabolites are commonly used in newborn screening programs to detect inborn errors of metabolism. Variation in these metabolites, particularly in infants born preterm (<37 weeks gestation), can result from multiple etiologies. We sought to evaluate the impact of maternal complications of pregnancy and environmental stressors ...
Güdücü N - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of quadruple test parameters in predicting the risk of delivering a small for gestational age (SGA) infant. The quadruple test results of patients performed at 16-18 weeks of pregnancy were searched retrospectively. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels higher than 2 MoM were ...
Berkelhamer Sara K - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common complication of neonatal respiratory diseases, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and recent studies have increased awareness that PH worsens the clinical course, morbidity and mortality of BPD. Recent evidence indicates that up to 18% of all extremely low-birth-weight infants will develop some degree of PH ...
Pejovic Nicolas J - - 2013
AIM: To determine the occurrence and risk factors of sudden unexpected postnatal collapse (SUPC) in presumably healthy newborn infants. METHODS: All live-born infants during a 30-month period, in five major delivery wards in Stockholm, were screened and possible cases of SUPC thoroughly investigated. Infants were >35 weeks of gestation, had ...
Al Mazrouei Shereena K - - 2013
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect and affects approximately 8 out of every 1,000 infants born each year. Despite antenatal screening and at least one examination before discharge infants with critical CHD (CCHD) are routinely not detected before discharge from the newborn nursery. Newborn screening for ...
Ryckman Kelli K KK Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA. - - 2013
Tandem mass spectrometry has been proposed as a method of diagnosing or predicting the development of common complex neonatal diseases. Our objective was to identify metabolites associated with common complications of prematurity. We performed a retrospective analysis of medical data and metabolite measurements from routine neonatal screening on 689 preterm ...
Ward Claire E - - 2013
Newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is currently being performed in many states. It is important to address diagnostic challenges while outcomes are emerging from the first several years of screening. We present the case of a premature infant whose initial newborn screen was strongly positive for SCID. Subsequent ...
Scott C Ronald - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of a tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) technology in a newborn screening laboratory to simultaneously measure α-galactosidase, acid-α-glucosidase, and α-L-iduronidase for the detection of infants at risk to develop Fabry, Pompe, or mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS)-I diseases. STUDY DESIGN: Enzyme activity was assayed from a 3.2-mm punch from ...
Olivieri Antonella - - 2013
Context:Over the years lower TSH cutoffs have been adopted in some screening programs for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) worldwide. This has resulted in a progressive increase in detecting additional mild forms of the disease, essentially with normally located and shaped thyroid. However, the question of whether such additional mild CH cases ...
González E C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, a newborn screening program for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) by measuring 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) in dried blood spots was introduced in Cuba. METHODS: The hormone was measured by the 17OHP Neonatal UMELISA method, in samples collected on the 5th day as average. Confirmatory test was performed to those ...
Bakhireva Ludmila N - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Accurate confirmation of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is required as a diagnostic criterion for the majority of children adversely affected by PAE who do not manifest the physical features associated with fetal alcohol syndrome. A number of ethanol biomarkers have been used to assess PAE, often with suboptimal results. ...
Ivarsson Anneli - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Between 1984 and 1996, Sweden experienced an "epidemic" of clinical celiac disease in children <2 years of age, attributed partly to changes in infant feeding. Whether infant feeding affects disease occurrence and/or the clinical presentation remains unknown. We investigated and compared the total prevalence of celiac disease in 2 birth ...
Chan Christine L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a second newborn screen for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) in the state of Colorado and report characteristics associated with cases identified on the first versus second screen. STUDY DESIGN: Colorado implemented newborn screening for CAH with 17-hydroxyprogesterone beginning August 2000. The first screening is ...
Kitsommart Ratchada - - 2013
A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care center to determine the accuracy of transcutaneous bilirubin measurements (TcB) measured by the Konica Minolta JM-103™ meter compared to total serum bilirubin (TSB) in Asian infants aged 5-14 days. There were 405 late-preterm and term infants involved, and 455 paired samples ...
Gillett E S - - 2013
We report a case of lethal neonatal hypoxic respiratory failure and hypothyroidism in an infant with a novel missense mutation in NKX2.1.
Ekiz Ozlem - - 2013
Cutaneous lesions are commonly seen in the newborn period and exhibit inconsistency from the skin lesions of an adult. The present study was carried out with an aim to determine the frequency of physiologic and pathologic cutaneous findings in newborns. Typically, 1234 newborns were included in this study. A questionnaire ...
Hayeems Robin Z - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Newborn bloodspot screening (NBS) panels have expanded to include conditions for which treatment effects are less certain, creating debate about population-based screening criteria. We investigated Canadian public expectations and values regarding the types of conditions that should be included in NBS and whether parents should provide consent. METHODS: Eight ...
Uemura Mami M Department of Veterinary Anatomy, The University of Tokyo, Yayoi 1-1-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, - - 2013
Congenital biliary atresia is an incurable disease of newborn infants, of unknown genetic causes, that results in congenital deformation of the gallbladder and biliary duct system. Here, we show that during mouse organogenesis, insufficient SOX17 expression in the gallbladder and bile duct epithelia results in congenital biliary atresia and subsequent ...
Zhao Quming - - 2013
AIMS: To determine the true prevalence of congenital heart disease (CHD) at live birth using echocardiographic screening. METHODS: A total of 5190 consecutive newborns from two secondary hospitals were included. Each neonate had a complete clinical evaluation with echocardiographic diagnosis at average 47 hours of age. Newborns with persistent CHD ...
Kim Young Don - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine whether the levels of inflammatory mediators in gastric fluid (GF) of a premature newborn are associated with those in amniotic fluid (AF) of the newborn's mother. Patients: Twenty-three pairs of pregnant women and their premature newborns <35 weeks gestation, born by Cesarean sections. Methods: Amniotic fluids ...
Prudhoe Sarah - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Babies with cardiac anomalies are often asymptomatic at birth, and many remain undetected despite routine newborn examination. We retrospectively assessed the effect of routine pulse oximetry in detection of such anomalies from a hospital birth population of 31 946 babies born between 1 April 1999 and 31 March 2009. ...
Fijalkowski Natalia - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To report the four-year experience of the Stanford University Network for Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity (SUNDROP) telemedicine initiative, which was developed to reduce the risk of blindness from retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Materials and methods: A retrospective analysis of the SUNDROP archival data between 12/1/2005 and 11/30/2009. ...
Suppiej A - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to determine whether a failure of neonatal hearing screening affected the anxiety level of parents of high-risk infants. Methods. 288 parents of infants included in the neonatal hearing screening protocol of our Institution were tested with the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and ...
Oh William - - 2013
Early onset neonatal group B streptococcal (GBS) sepsis is a serious neonatal illness with high morbidity and mortality. The disease can present in two forms: early clinical manifestation with respiratory distress soon after birth or late presentation with gradual onset of signs of sepsis. The former carries a high risk ...
Nachman Rebecca M RM Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2013
Infants are exposed to the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA) through breast milk and baby formula. Detoxication by conjugation of BPA may be limited in infants. We demonstrate BPA exposure in 11 neonates and 1 young infant, but find no evidence of a low capacity for BPA conjugation.
Samuel Tal Y - - 2013
AIM: To determine the normal SpO(2) in healthy term newborns at mild-altitude (MA, 780 meters) compared to sea level (SL), within the context of universal screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) METHODS: we studied 199 (119 at MA and 80 at SL) consecutively born healthy newborns. SpO(2) recordings were ...
Basu Sriparna - - 2013
Acute scrotal abscess in neonates is rare and may mimic testicular torsion. An unusual case of unilateral scrotal abscess caused by Candida albicans in a preterm infant is presented. As far as we are aware, this complication has not been reported before.
Catania Vincenzo Davide - - 2013
The finding of a congenital fibrous band during laparotomy for intestinal obstruction is extremely rare. Preoperative diagnosis is challenging and no characteristic radiological findings have been described. We report the case of a premature baby in whom incomplete intestinal obstruction was due to a congenital band originating from the duodeno-jejunal ...
Ali Nadir Ali Mohamed - - 2013
To identify the prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among preterm neonates admitted to Department of Neonatology, RIPAS hospital, Brunei Darussalam. We studied 67 preterm infants fulfilling the eligibility criteria for ROP screening. All infants studied were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, RIPAS Hospital, within a period of one ...
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