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Results 451 - 500 of 949
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Holanda Manoel R R MR Programa de Pos-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brazil. - - 2006
To compare the characteristics of neonatal seizures between preterm and full-term infants in intensive care unit. A prospective study was developed with 104 high-risk newborn, 30 preterm and 74 full-term infants, with clinical seizures. The dependent variable was gestational age. Fisher's exact test, odds-ratio and Mann Whitney U test. There ...
Almu Shitaye - - 2006
Very high prevalence rates of epilepsy have been found in some developing countries. The Zay Society of Ethiopia was screened for epilepsy during a door-to-door survey and after neurological assessment, a prevalence of 29.5/1000 was found. Almost all the cases had primary generalised epilepsy in contrast to the predominance of ...
Foldvary-Schaefer Nancy - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of abbreviated EEG montages for seizure detection during polysomnography. Three electroencephalographers reviewed files containing seizures or nonepileptic events using 8- and 18-channel montages. Files were rated as to whether they contained seizures and assigned a "probability of seizure" score from ...
Korman Stanley H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the devastating outcome of neonatal-onset glycine encephalopathy (NKH) could be improved by instituting treatment immediately at birth rather than after symptoms are already well established. METHODS: A newborn with NKH diagnosed prenatally following the neonatal death of a previous affected sibling was treated from birth with ...
Young Nicole A - - 2006
Dexamethasone (DEX) and betamethasone (BETA) are synthetic glucocorticoids used clinically to reduce morbidity and mortality in infants at risk of premature birth. While their main role is to facilitate lung development, their effect on the developing nervous system and seizure susceptibility is unclear. The present study tested the hypothesis that ...
Begum H A - - 2006
Fifty eight neonates who survived birth asphyxia were prospectively studied in the department of Paediatrics, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, to see the incidence of long term neurodevelopmental sequelae among them and also to identify possible risk factors. All of them had been admitted in the Neonatal Unit of this hospital ...
Zenciro─člu Aysegül - - 2006
In the newborn period, unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia (UHB) is common, multifactoral, and associated with a variety of physiologic and pathologic conditions. The most commonly identified pathologic cause leading to hyperbilirubinemia is hemolytic disease of the newborn. We report a five-days-old female infant with neonatal jaundice secondary to splenic hematoma.
Narang Manish - - 2006
The case of a neonate is presented who had early onset seizure associated with hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and raised parathyroid hormone. The infant did not have any stigmata of pseudohypoparathyroidism. The hypocalcemia was initially resistant to calcium therapy, but responded to vitamin D analog therapy. The diagnosis of 'neonatal pseudohypoparathyroidism' was ...
Wilcox Teresa - - 2006
Most research on object individuation in infants has focused on the visual domain. Yet the problem of object individuation is not unique to the visual system, but shared by other sensory modalities. This research examined 4.5-month-old infants' capacity to use auditory information to individuate objects. Infants were presented with events ...
Arca Diaz Gemma - - 2006
We report the medication management of electroencephalographic status epilepticus with subtle clinical manifestations in a young infant while simultaneously recording electroencephalographic activity and cerebral regional oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) index using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). We found that antiepileptic drugs equally influence the frequency of rSO(2) index fluctuations and electroencephalographic seizures. ...
Ruud Hansen Thor Willy - - 2006
BACKGROUND/METHODS: Nils Andreas Quisling was born in Telemark, Norway, in 1854 and became an obstetrician. In 1893 he published a monograph on neonatal jaundice. This monograph was studied and compared with other published sources from the same time period. RESULTS: Quisling discussed four theories on the cause of neonatal jaundice. ...
Pellock Jack - - 2006
Special issues are related to AED testing in several populations. Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and underlying neurochemistry and developing systems require specific testing in appropriate infants with refractory seizures. EEG monitoring is an essential part of seizure definition and recognition, making it a necesssity along with clinical semiology to define the seizure ...
Korff Christian - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) in infants (1 month to 2 years). METHODS: From a total of 2,112 patients monitored in our video-EEG lab from May 2000 through January 2005, 109 distinct seizures in 77 infants were reviewed. Eight events in eight patients were excluded ...
Gaynor J William - - 2006
The occurrence of a seizure after the arterial switch operation is associated with a worse long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. The significance of seizures after neonatal and infant repair of other congenital heart defects is not known. A recent study at our institution demonstrated seizures documented by 48-hour electroencephalographic monitoring in 20 ...
Hua Liu L Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Blair E. Batson Children's Hospital, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi 39216, - - 2005
Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) may be accompanied by jaundice, a condition referred to as the icteropyloric syndrome (IPS). It has long been suspected that the etiology of IPS is an early manifestation of Gilbert's syndrome (GS). Clinical features common to both GS and IPS include jaundice precipitated by fasting and ...
Bhattacharjee Abhinandan - - 2005
A prospective study of 200 newborn babies was done at Silchar Medical College Hospital from September 2002 to August 2003. The babies aged from 0 to 4 days were taken in the study. They were examined for any signs of nasal obstruction, birth trauma, prolonged labour, mode of delivery (forceps/vaginal/caeserian ...
Yoshii Akira - - 2005
Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy usually presents in the neonatal period or even in utero, is refractory to antiepileptic medications, and is treatable with lifelong administration of pyridoxine. The seizures are typically generalized tonic-clonic, although myoclonic seizures or infantile spasms have been described. We report an infant who presented at 5 months of ...
Carmo Kathryn Browning - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To survey anti-epileptic drug (AED) treatment of early-onset neonatal seizures by neonatologists and paediatric neurologists. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was posted to Australian and New Zealand neonatologists and paediatric neurologists. Participants were given the hypothetical case of a full-term infant with early-onset seizures following perinatal asphyxia and asked to ...
Ozyürek Hamit - - 2005
Early myoclonic encephalopathy (EME) is a rare malignant epileptic syndrome. The erratic myoclonus with or without focal motor seizures, time of onset before 3 months of age, and suppression-burst (SB) pattern in EEG are accepted as the diagnostic criteria for EME. We report a 40-day-old infant with the diagnosis of ...
Karayiannis Nicolaos B - - 2005
PURPOSE: The main objective of this research is the development of automated video processing and analysis procedures aimed at the recognition and characterization of the types of neonatal seizures. The long-term goal of this research is the integration of these computational procedures into the development of a stand-alone automated system ...
Pellock John M - - 2005
The authors reviewed respiratory adverse events and deaths spontaneously reported to Xcel Pharmaceuticals associated with diazepam rectal gel. Over 2 million doses have been prescribed. The authors identified nine respiratory adverse events and three deaths. The respiratory events associated with prolonged seizures had a good outcome. The deaths occurred in ...
- - 2005
(1) Severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (Dravet's syndrome) is associated with multiple seizures and progressive onset of mental retardation. Available antiepileptics (valproic acid and clonazepam/clobazam) are only partially effective, even when used in combination. (2) Stiripentol is intended to be added to the valproate + clobazam combination when the latter ...
Filan P - - 2005
In the fetal lamb model of hypoxic-ischaemic injury, the insult is followed by EEG depression, after which seizures emerge at 7-13 hours. We explored the relationship between the emergence of electrographic seizures and our estimate of the time of the cerebral injury in nine babies who underwent continuous video-EEG monitoring ...
Nunes Magda Lahorgue - - 2005
Seizures are the most frequent neurological event in newborns and clinical data suggest that etiology is the dominant factor in long term outcome. However, there are consistent background EEG abnormalities associated to neonatal seizures that are usually related to unfavorable outcome as the burst-suppression pattern. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this ...
Hughes John R - - 2005
Many famous individuals are said to have had epilepsy, and these names often find their way into books and lectures on epilepsy. The goal of this study was to investigate in detail the histories of 43 of those people who had various kinds of attacks, but not epilepsy. They range ...
Escobar G J - - 2005
AIM: To analyse rehospitalisation of newborns of all gestations. METHODS: A total of 33,276 surviving infants of all gestations born between 1 October 1998 and 31 March 2000 at seven Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program (KPMCP) delivery services were studied retrospectively. RESULTS: Rehospitalisation rates within two weeks after nursery discharge ...
Clancy Robert R - - 2005
PURPOSE: Neonatal seizures are relatively common and an important early sign of acute encephalopathy in those who survive infant heart surgery. The contemporary occurrence of seizures in this setting is not fully known, and their electrographic characteristics are incompletely described. This study describes the characteristics of electrographic neonatal seizures (ENSs) ...
Hesdorffer Dale C - - 2005
PURPOSE: Very little is known about short-term mortality after acute symptomatic seizure. One study found an increased mortality in the first year after acute symptomatic seizure, like mortality following acute symptomatic status epilepticus. METHODS: We studied mortality in the first 30 days after an acute symptomatic seizure in two cohorts. ...
Ulloa-Gutierrez Rolando - - 2005
Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus and Staphylococcus aureus are the 2 most common pathogens implicated in secondary invasive bacterial disease after varicella. We describe a 3-month-old male infant from British Columbia, Canada, who presented on day 5 of varicella skin rash with fever, seizures, lethargy, and evidence of intracranial hypertension. A ...
Lawlor Katherine M - - 2005
An 11-month-old infant with a 5-month history of seizures and a 3-month history of infantile spasms is described. EEG showed epileptic encephalopathy. The infantile spasms were resistant to treatment with clobazam. Following the introduction of levetiracetam, there was clinical cessation of seizures with resolution of seizure activity on the EEG. ...
Higa Satoshi - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Adenosine can terminate most focal atrial tachycardias (ATs). However, information about the termination mechanism is limited. This study investigated the effects and mechanism of adenosine on terminating focal AT using a three-dimensional noncontact mapping system. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study consisted of 7 patients (4 men and 3 women; ...
West C R - - 2004
A term infant was admitted at 6 h of age with seizures related to hyponatraemia. During the last hours of labour the infant's mother had drunk 3 L of water. After delivery the serum sodium was 121 mmol/L in the mother and 126 mmol/L in the infant. Both resolved spontaneously. ...
Bidmon Hans-J - - 2004
PURPOSE: Heat shock protein-27 (HSP-27) belongs to the group of small heat shock proteins that become induced in response to various pathologic conditions. HSP-27 has been shown to protect cells and subcellular structures, particularly mitochondria, and serves as a carrier for estradiol. It is a reliable marker for tissues affected ...
Smit L S - - 2004
Birth asphyxia is a major concern in neonatal care. Epileptic seizures are associated with subsequent neurodevelopmental deficits. Eighty-five percent of these seizures remain subclinical and therefore an on-line monitoring device is needed. In an earlier study we showed that the synchronization likelihood was able to distinguish between neonatal EEG epochs ...
Hoover-Fong J E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Glycine encephalopathy, also known as nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH), is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a defect in the glycine cleavage system. NKH is classically associated with neonatal apnea, lethargy, hypotonia, and seizures, followed by severe psychomotor retardation in those who survive. METHODS: To determine the natural history of ...
Pisani F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal seizures are considered an acute manifestation of disturbance of the neonatal brain. Some of them can be considered as neonatal epilepsy. Our goal was to evaluate perinatal risk factors, electroencephalogram (EEG) findings and ictal semeiological characteristics of our newborns with neonatal seizures in order to identify which clinical ...
Colletti James E - - 2004
A neonate presenting to the emergency department can present a challenge to even the most experienced clinician. This article has focused on four deceiving and potentially devastating neonatal diseases. 1. Neonatal herpes is a potentially devastating illness without pathognomonic signs or symptoms. Early recognition and therapy can reduce mortality markedly. ...
McGovern M C - - 2004
AIMS: To determine the most likely diagnoses when infants first present with an apparent life threatening event (ALTE). METHODS: Medline (1966-2002), Embase (1980-2002), and Cinahl (1982-2002) were searched. Primary authors and content experts were contacted to identify further studies. Bibliographies from studies, reviews, and textbooks were searched. Foreign language studies ...
Williams Keith P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To relate umbilical artery blood gas parameters to mortality among neonates with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy related to early onset seizures. DESIGN: Population cohort study. SETTING: British Columbia Women's Hospital. POPULATION: Forty-seven infants at >or=32 weeks of gestation admitted to NICU with early onset seizures secondary to hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy with umbilical ...
Silverman Mark E - - 2004
Woldemar Mobitz, an early 20th century German internist, analyzed arrhythmias by graphing the relationship of changing atrial rates and premature beats to AV conduction. Through an astute mathematical approach, he was able to classify second-degree atrioventricular block into 2 types, subsequently referred to as Mobitz type I (Wenckebach) and Mobitz ...
van Rooij Linda G M - - 2004
Lidocaine has been used in neonates as an effective drug in controlling neonatal seizures not responding to traditional anticonvulsant therapy. Little is known about the effect of lidocaine on heart rate or occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias in neonates. The purpose of the present study was to assess the incidence of ...
Zupanc Mary L - - 2004
Neonatal seizures typically indicate significant underlying disease.They are poorly classified, under-recognized, and often difficult to treat. Recognition of etiology is often helpful in prognosis and treatment; the most common is hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Patients generally have a poor prognosis, with most developing a severe encephalopathy and epilepsy. Studies suggest that neonatal ...
Daniel Roy Thomas - - 2004
PURPOSE: Extensive multilobar cortical dysplasia in infants commonly is first seen with catastrophic epilepsy and poses a therapeutic challenge with respect to control of epilepsy, brain development, and psychosocial outcome. Experience with surgical treatment of these lesions is limited, often not very encouraging, and holds a higher operative risk when ...
Granelli Sheri L P - - 2004
Neonatal seizures are difficult to detect, diagnose, and manage. Infants with a history of seizures often have long-term neurologic sequelae. Controversy exists as to whether neonatal seizures themselves cause damage to the developing brain, and thus, subsequent sequelae; or if these sequelae are due primarily to the underlying cause of ...
Ramaswamy V - - 2004
In a prospective cohort of 124 encephalopathic term infants, six infants had an acute focal stroke. All six encephalopathic patients with strokes presented with seizures. Neurodevelopmental outcome at 30 months was abnormal in all six patients and significantly worse when compared with the entire cohort overall. These findings suggest that ...
Albani F - - 2004
This study compared immediate (overnight) and progressive switching to oxcarbazepine monotherapy in patients with partial seizures unsatisfactorily treated with carbamazepine monotherapy. Patients were randomised to either an overnight (n = 140) or a progressive switch (n = 146) from carbamazepine to oxcarbazepine monotherapy at a dose ratio of 1:1.5. The ...
Garcias Da Silva Luis Fernando - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine clinical and polysomnographic risk factors that might be early predictors for the development of postnatal epilepsy in a cohort of infants with seizures. The study sample included 158 infants who presented two or more clinically proven seizures. Gestational, perinatal, and polysomnographic data ...
ter Horst H J - - 2004
Continuous amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) recording with a cerebral function monitor is a useful tool to evaluate prognoses following perinatal asphyxia in term infants. Drugs may change the pattern of the conventional EEG. This report presents three infants treated with midazolam for status epilepticus and repetitive seizures who proved resistant to ...
Shahar Eli - - 2004
The present study delineates a benign generalized epileptic disorder during infancy and early childhood similar to the well-defined syndrome of primary generalized epilepsy in adolescence. The inclusion criteria for the study required infants under the age of 4 years mainly presenting with generalized nonfebrile seizures, requiring corroboration with generalized epileptic ...
Yamamoto Hitoshi - - 2004
We report a 2-month-old male with West syndrome associated with infantile hypophosphatasia. The male infant was born at term to a healthy mother after an uneventful pregnancy. He was born by cesarean section because of breech presentation. He was observed to have short extremities, and radiographs were consistent with achondroplasia. ...
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