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Oddie Sam S Department of Bradford Neonatology, Ward M1, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, - - 2014
To describe the range of practices employed by units conducting deferred cord clamping at very preterm birth. Qualitative study using semistructured interviews with neonatal doctors, nurses, midwives, obstetricians and managers in a sample of UK maternity units. 33 neonatal doctors, neonatal nurses, midwives, obstetricians and managers. UK maternity units in ...
Parr Megan - - 2014
Current evidence for optimal management of fetal nuchal cord detected after the head has birthed supports techniques that avoid ligation of the umbilical cord circulation. Routine audit found frequent unsafe management of nuchal cord by skilled birth attendants (SBAs) in migrant and refugee birth centres on the Thai-Burmese border. The ...
Sher Stella S Scientific Center of Children's Health, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russian - - 2014
This paper is a biography of a great Soviet paediatrician, Professor Georgy Nestorovich Speransky, known as the founder of Russian neonatology. He was the organizer, Director and scientific leader of the first State Research Institute of Maternity and Infant Care in the USSR which later was reorganized as the State ...
- - 2014
In 2013 Cuba recorded its lowest infant mortality rate ever, 4.2 deaths per thousand live births, lower than anywhere else in the Americas, even the developed North. US health researchers have visited Cuba to try to understand how such an impressive outcome is possible in a grievously resource-limited setting.[1] Part ...
Alfsen G Cecilie - - 2013
One hundred years ago, forensic examination of dead infants was not an uncommon task for doctors in Norway. The key questions were whether the infant had been born alive and whether the manner of death could be explained. We have examined all files (N = 75) concerning stillbirth or infanticide ...
Suresh Gautham K - - 2013
A neonatologist must decide whether to revive a premature baby on the borderline of viability.
Trevarthen Colwyn - - 2013
This article recalls how Dr. Berry Brazelton, in the past 50 years, has transformed pediatrics and childcare and supported parents' understanding of their young children. Berry's work as a pediatrician and basic research in the psychobiology of childbirth and infant communication and care have proved to be richly complementary. Brazelton ...
Komasawa Nobuyasu - - 2013
Recent guidelines for infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation emphasize that all rescuers should minimize interruption of chest compressions, even for endotracheal intubation. We compared the utility of the Pentax-AWS Airway Scope (AWS) with an infant-sized Intlock (AWS-I), Airtraq laryngoscope (ATQ) and Miller laryngoscope during chest compressions on an infant manikin. Twenty-three novice ...
Lantos John D - - 2012
In this paper, we review ethical issues that arise when families and doctors face clinical decisions about renal replacement therapy for an infant with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Over the last 20 years, many centers have begun to routinely offer renal replacement therapy. However, doctors and nurses both continue to ...
Kim Kwa Siew KS Department of Family Medicine, International Medical University, Seremban, Malaysia. - - 2012
An infant, aged 48 days, is brought in by her mother to her doctor because of a rash that started during the neonatal period.
Kon Alexander A - - 2012
Data suggest that despite improved surgical outcomes for infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), the past two decades have seen little change in parents' decisions whether to choose surgery or palliative treatment without life-prolonging intervention. Data also suggest that doctors' predictions of the choices they would make if their ...
Brodribb Wendy E - - 2012
Breastfeeding is an important public health issue with an increase in infant and maternal morbidity and mortality for artificially-fed infants and their mothers. Doctors in primary care can influence mothers' infant feeding decisions, both positively and negatively, depending on the adequacy of their training. As there is no consistent approach ...
Jain Alpna A Department of Anaesthesiology, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi, - - 2012
Lighted stylets may be used for assisting in oral intubation in both adult as well as pediatric age groups. We report the anesthetic management of an 11- month-old infant with fractured mandible where the airway was secured with tracheal lightwand-guided nasal intubation after the failure of repeated attempts of conventional ...
Kalbhenn Johannes - - 2012
Background:  Difficult intubation in infants is uncommon but may be a challenge for the anesthesiologist. Many optical-assisted techniques are available to ease endotracheal placement of tube but have not been systemically evaluated for pediatric practice. Aim:  The study was performed to compare conventional pediatric Macintosh - with different optical laryngoscopes ...
Barbe David - - 2012
The death and destruction caused by the deadliest single tornado in Missouri's history was indescribable.
Davidson Jesse - - 2012
PURPOSE: Prospective validation of the vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS) and inotrope score (IS) in infants after cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: Prospective observational study of 70 infants (≤90 days of age) undergoing cardiothoracic surgery. VIS and IS were assessed at 24 (VIS24, IS24), 48 (VIS48, IS48), and 72 (VIS72, IS72) h after surgery. Maximum VIS ...
Smith Barbara K - - 2013
Inspiratory muscle strength training (IMST) has been shown to improve maximal pressures and facilitate ventilator weaning in adults with prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV). The purposes of this case report are: (1) to describe the rationale for IMST in infants with MV dependence and (2) to summarize the device modifications used ...
Testa Rebecca - - 2012
This study evaluated the effects of palatal stabilizing devices (PSDs) on accidental extubations (AEs) and other intubation complications in infants with breathing tubes at a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a university hospital. PSDs are individually crafted acrylic oral devices for stabilizing breathing tubes in neonates. Charts of all ...
Alves Patricia Valeria - - 2012
Purpose: Preterm children may not be prepared for extra-uterine life and thus need neonatal intensive care, such as artificial ventilation through orotracheal intubation. Oral tissue development changes as a result of the use of an orotracheal tube and its mechanical influence in preterm neonates has not been intensively studied. The ...
Edmond Karen - - 2012
Objectives To assess the effect of vitamin A supplementation in women of reproductive age in Ghana on cause- and age-specific infant mortality. In addition, because of recently published studies from Guinea Bissau, effects on infant mortality by sex and season were assessed. Design Double-blind, cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Setting 7 contiguous ...
Abrams Steven A - - 2012
To evaluate the effects on serum 25(OH)D and bone mineralization of supplementation of breast-fed Hispanic and non-Hispanic Caucasian infants with vitamin D in infants in Houston, Texas. We measured cord serum 25(OH)D levels, bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD) and their changes over 3 months of life with ...
Illsinger Sabine - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Galactokinase (GALK) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder causing cataract formation that can be prevented or mitigated by early diagnosis and galactose-restricted diet. The aim of this retrospective study was to explore whether GALK-deficiency meets the criteria for neonatal mass screening programs. METHODS: From 2000 until 2010, ...
Wang Kai-Yuan - - 2011
Inhalational anesthesia with sevoflurane for endotracheal intubation without muscle relaxant is now used widely for pediatric patients. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of induction with high concentration sevoflurane and of nasotracheal intubation without muscle relaxant in infants with increased or decreased pulmonary blood flow (PBF) and undergoing surgery ...
Deegan Kathleen L - - 2011
In our previous studies, one-third of lactating Guatemalan women, infants, and children had deficient or marginal serum vitamin B-12 concentrations. Relationships among maternal and infant status and breast milk vitamin B-12, however, have not, to our knowledge, been investigated in such populations. Our purpose was to measure breast milk vitamin ...
Mukhopadhyay Kanya - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the iron status at birth in preterm SGA in comparison with preterm AGA and term AGA infants Methods: Mother infant pairs with gestation of <37 weeks, both SGA and AGA and term AGA as control were enrolled. Maternal,cord blood and infant blood samples at 4 weeks ...
Berglund Staffan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The iron-regulatory hormone hepcidin has not been studied in infants, who experience large physiologic changes in iron status. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study hepcidin and erythropoietin and their correlation with iron status in iron-replete and iron-deficient low-birth-weight (LBW) infants-a group at particular risk of iron deficiency (ID). DESIGN: ...
Lozoff Betsy - - 2012
To assess long-term developmental outcome in children who received iron-fortified or low-iron formula. Follow-up at 10 years of a randomized controlled trial (1991-1994) of 2 levels of formula iron. Examiners were masked to group assignment. Urban areas around Santiago, Chile. The original study enrolled healthy, full-term infants in community clinics; ...
Ziegler Ekhard E - - 2011
Reported here are three studies performed with the objective of finding ways to improve the iron status of breastfed infants and to prevent iron deficiency (ID). Participating infants were exclusively breastfed until 4 months of age; thereafter, they could receive complementary foods and, in some studies, supplemental formula. In the ...
Ziegler Ekhard E - - 2011
Consumption of cow's milk (CM) by infants and toddlers has adverse effects on their iron stores, a finding that has been well documented in many localities. Several mechanisms have been identified that may contribute to iron deficiency in this young population group. The most important of these is probably the ...
Chaparro Camila M - - 2011
The optimal timing of umbilical cord clamping has been debated in the scientific literature for at least the last century, when cord clamping practices shifted from delayed towards immediate clamping. Recent research provides evidence for the beneficial effect of delayed cord clamping on infant iron status. The present review describes ...
Black Maureen M - - 2011
This article examines the association of iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) with children's development and behavior, with the goal of providing recommendations to prevent the developmental loss associated with these conditions. Children's risk for ID and IDA is particularly high during the second 6 months of life ...
Halicioglu Oya - - 2012
Halicioglu O, Aksit S, Koc F, Akman SA, Albudak E, Yaprak I, Coker I, Colak A, Ozturk C, Gulec ES. Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women and their neonates in spring time in western Turkey. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2012; 26: 53-60. Although Turkey is located in a sunny region, ...
Kamei Michi - - 2011
Vitamin B12 deficiency in infants often presents with nonspecific hematological, gastrointestinal, and neurological manifestations. It is usually caused by inadequate intake, abnormal absorption, or congenital disorders of vitamin B12 metabolism, including transport disorders. We describe a vitamin B12-deficient infant with severe anemia who was breastfed. His mother had undiagnosed vitamin ...
El Fékih Nadia - - 2011
We present a case of acrodermatitis enteropathica in a full-term, breast-fed, 7-mo-old infant born from consanguineous parents with a family history of acrodermatitis enteropathica. The patient presented with periorificial and symmetric acral lesions, which prompted us to review the clinical features of acrodermatitis enteropathica and its pathogenesis. Laboratory investigations showed ...
Smithells Rw - - 2011
An earlier preliminary paper is expanded. Women who had given birth to one or more infants with a neural tube defect were recruited into a trial of periconceptional vitamin supplementation. Two hundred mothers attending five centres were fully supplemented (FS), 50 were partially supplemented (PS), and 300 were unsupplemented (US). ...
Quentin Christine - - 2012
We present a 9-month-old boy with megaloblastic anaemia, neutropenia and hypogammaglobulinaemia due to vitamin B12 deficiency. The deficiency was secondary to prolonged exclusive breastfeeding with inadequate nutritional amounts of vitamin B12 from the mother. There were no clinical or biological signs of maternal anaemia or macrocytosis. Treatment with oral vitamin ...
Ozdemir Mehmet Akif - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Deficiency of vitamin K predisposes to early, classic, or late vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB), of which late VKDB may be associated with serious and life-threatening intracranial bleeding. Late VKDB is characterized with intracranial bleeding in infants aged 2-24 weeks due to severe vitamin K deficiency, occurring primarily in exclusively ...
Giapros V I - - 2011
Background/Objectives:Preterm infants are at risk for low vitamin D but documentation on late-preterm infants is sparse. This prospective study monitored longitudinally vitamin D and parathormone (PTH) levels in late-preterm formula fed infants during the first year of life, taking into consideration in utero and postnatal growth, and season and diet.Subjects/Methods:The ...
Taskesen Mustafa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Nutritional vitamin B(12) deficieny is common among infants in the developing and underdeveloped countries. There is limited information concerning neuroimaging findings in infants with vitamin B(12) deficiency in the literature. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes and clinical characteristics ...
Netto Michele Pereira - - 2011
To investigate the factors involved in the genesis of infant iron deficiency anemia. This is a cross-sectional study, which evaluated 104 children in their second year of life who were born at term with adequate weight in Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. An interview, a 24-hour recall to parents, and anthropometric ...
Beltrán-Navarro Beatriz - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of chronic iron deficiency on neuropsychological traits in infants. We established the nutritional iron status and assessed the neuropsychological characteristics of 58 Mexican 14- to 18-month-old infants. The Bayley Scales of Infant Development, preschool language scales and an environmental sound ...
Berglund Staffan K - - 2011
Low birth weight infants are at risk of iron deficiency (ID), which is associated with impaired nervous system development and may lead to prolonged auditory brainstem response (ABR) latencies. We hypothesized that iron supplementation shortens ABR latencies in marginally low birth weight (MLBW, 2000-2500g) infants. In a randomized, controlled trial, ...
Orun Emel - - 2012
We aimed to investigate zinc and copper concentrations in breast milk at two months postpartum and the relationship between these concentrations and the characteristics of mother infant dyads. A total of 142 mothers were enrolled. The median concentrations of breast milk Zinc and Copper were 625 ug/L and 239 ug/L, ...
Rodrigues Priscila C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess iron deficiency or overload in infants with sickle cell disease in order to support the decision to recommend (or not) iron prophylactic supplementation in this population. METHODS: Cross-sectional and retrospective study with 135 infants below 2 years old (66 boys and 69 girls), 77 with SS and ...
Moser Asher M - - 2011
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common hematologic disorder worldwide. Measures to prevent IDA in infants have been successful with questionable sustainability. To evaluate the incidence of developing IDA in the second year of life, in infants who were nonanemic at the age of 1 year on routine blood ...
Pettifor John M JM MRC Mineral Metabolism Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa. - - 2011
Recently there has been renewed interest in the role of vitamin D in paediatric bone health. Its role in the development of rickets and hypocalcaemia in infants and young children, in particular, in many part of the world is well known, and the importance of the prevention of vitamin D ...
Chehade H - - 2011
Context: Clinical manifestations of vitamin D deficiency rickets are widely described; however cardiorespiratory arrest is an extremely rare presentation. Objective: The aim of this paper is to present the symptoms of severe vitamin D deficiency rickets and to highlight the importance of vitamin D prophylaxis in infants. Results: We report ...
Moreira Alvaro - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine if the continued use of vitamin A in a nursery utilizing early surfactant and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) was warranted. A retrospective, cohort study of appropriately sized, preterm neonates weighing ≤1000 g at birth was conducted. Two time periods were compared: ...
Lynch Sean - - 2011
Iron biomarkers were developed to define the size of iron stores and the adequacy of the iron supply required to meet functional needs. Approximately 80% of the iron delivered to tissues through the circulating plasma pool will be incorporated into hemoglobin. Consequently, with the exception of serum ferritin, iron biomarkers ...
Pludowski Pawel - - 2011
: Vitamin D status in infants depends on supplementation. We examined the vitamin D status in relation to supplementation dose and scheme in infants. : One hundred thirty-four infants age 6 months and 98 infants age 12 months (drop out 27%) were investigated. Vitamin D intake (diet, supplements), anthropometry, and ...
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