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Results 401 - 450 of 492
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Edlavitch S A - - 1988
Prior to 1979, epidemiologic studies which included mortality follow-up on large cohorts relied on death certificates from last state of residence and expensive follow-up techniques to determine survival. Beginning with 1979, the National Death Index can be used to search death certificate files from all 50 states, the Virgin Islands, ...
Winek C L - - 1988
A 54 year-old female expired at her residence. Her husband, a physician, signed a certificate stating that her death was due to cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and released her body to a funeral home, where she was embalmed. Since the deceased had a long history of medical problems and drug abuse, ...
Breslin P - - 1988
The patterns of mortality among 24,235 US Army and Marine Corps Vietnam veterans were compared with that of 26,685 non-Vietnam veterans using standardized proportional mortality ratios. The veterans were a random sample of deceased Vietnam-era veterans identified in a Veterans Administration computerized benefit file. Military service information was obtained from ...
Dubrow R - - 1988
Cause-specific mortality patterns, by occupation, were examined among Rhode Island residents who died during the period 1968-1978, using the age-standardized proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) method. Occupation was determined from the usual occupation statement on the death certificate. A noteworthy finding was an elevated PMR for suicide among both male (PMR ...
Freedman M A - - 1988
The US Standard Certificates and Reports are models used by state vital statistics offices to develop documents for the collection of data about vital events. The 1989 revisions incorporate some major modifications to previous versions. Both the Standard Certificate of Live Birth and the Standard Report of Fetal Death utilize ...
Luther N Y - - 1988
A new procedure is developed for simultaneously and consistently correcting 2 or more censuses and intercensal registered births and deaths. The procedure begins with a set of preliminary correction factors, which are not necessarily consistent. It then uses the mathematics of finite-dimensional vector spaces to derive an optimal set of ...
Kleck G - - 1988
A review of research on the classification and counting of deaths reveals little hard evidence supporting claims that suicides are seriously underreported in the United States. The literature contains hints that much of what underreporting does occur is counterbalanced by "overcounting" (i.e., erroneous certifications of false suicides). An analysis of ...
- - 1988
This Regulation institutes an identity card system in China for persons over the age of sixteen. Under the Regulation, 301 million people had been given identity cards by December 1988 and another 199 million were expected to get them by October 1989. Each card carries a fifteen digit identification number ...
Takeuchi S - - 1987
This presentation deals with the large-scale statistics of 19 951 patients of trophoblastic diseases (TDs). The information was obtained by regional registration of 16 prefectures in Japan since 1974, and based on a definite classification of TDs given by the Japanese Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. The population of these ...
Valkonen T - - 1987
"The purpose of the study is to shed light on the causes of the large difference in mortality from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) between East and West Finland. The study is based on the death certificate records on deaths from IHD in 1971-1975 among Finnish men aged 35-64. These records ...
Hertoghe L - - 1987
The quality of national perinatal mortality statistics was evaluated from a survey in nine maternity hospitals in Hainaut, Belgium (total births: 7862). The overall completeness of perinatal death registration was 86%. Under-registration was especially frequent in low birth weight babies. In 69% of cases, the birth weight value reported on ...
Kelson M - - 1987
An investigation into the effect of national death certification and coding practices on published mortality statistics in eight EEC countries is reported. Doctors in each country were asked to complete specimen death certificates for a bank of written case histories. Certificates from each country were coded by their own offices ...
Kircher T - - 1987
Mortality statistics derived from death certificates are the only continuously collected, population-based, disease-related information available in most parts of the world, including the United States. For this reason, every effort must be made to ensure that the most specific, accurate, and complete information regarding cause of death is registered on ...
Davis B R - - 1987
One method for determining cause of death in a clinical trial is to use standard nosological coding of death certificates. In order to look at an alternative approach, the Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Program (HDFP) assessed underlying causes of death through the use of three physicians. These physicians were trained ...
Strauss L T - - 1987
The National Infant Mortality Surveillance (NIMS) project aggregated data provided by 53 vital statistics reporting areas--50 States, New York City, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico (subsequently called States)--from their files of linked birth and death certificates and compared individual States' total infant mortality experiences for the 1980 birth ...
Prager K - - 1987
The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has completed a pilot test of its method to develop national linked files of birth and infant death records. A linked file of the 1982 birth cohort was produced that successfully linked 97 percent of the death records for infants who died in ...
Lambert D A - - 1987
The National Infant Mortality Surveillance (NIMS) project used linked birth and infant death certificates to calculate birth weight-specific infant mortality risks for the 1980 U.S. birth cohort. Record linkage depends on complete registration of vital events, interstate exchange of vital records, accurate information on certificates, and a comprehensive linkage system. ...
Nielsen P V - - 1987
The diagnostic value of a test depends on the variability of the test results and the accuracy of the test. The object of this investigation was to estimate the observer variability and the accuracy, when intrapartum CTGs were assessed by experienced obstetricians. Fifty CTGs were evaluated twice by four obstetricians. ...
Schreuder Y - - 1987
Dutch emigrant registration records for the nineteenth century are examined in an effort to shed light on the local circumstances of the Dutch emigration movement. "Since nineteenth century emigration took place mostly through primary contacts this article will examine the newly established immigrant settlements as 'communities transplanted'...which directs our research ...
Little R E - - 1986
Birthweight and gestational age estimates made by research subjects were compared with values obtained from birth certificates and hospital records. Ninety-one per cent of mothers' estimates of their infant's birthweight and 88 per cent of their estimates of infant gestational age agreed with the delivery record. When the same mothers ...
Levine S - - 1986
We describe a cross-correlation procedure for removing contaminating electrocardiogram (ECG) complexes from the diaphragmatic electromyogram (EMGdi). First, the operator selects ECG templates from the EMGdi signal during expiratory intervals. Second, these templates are used to locate ECG complexes occurring during inspiratory EMGdi activity. Third, at the point of maximum correlation ...
Haines J L - - 1986
Huntington disease (HD) is a late onset autosomal dominant neurological disorder. Two hundred fifty-three death certificates of HD-affected individuals from four midwestern states were examined to determine the completeness of reporting HD on the death certificates. Overall, 66% of death certificates indicated HD as a primary or contributory cause of ...
McIlwaine W J - - 1985
All death certificates over a one-year period (20 July 1981 to 19 July 1982) for residents of Belfast were examined in order to ascertain those due to ischaemic heart disease. Some 1654 were included for further investigation of which 1288 (78%) were coded by ICD Nos 410-414 (9th revision). Additional ...
Nairn J R - - 1985
Accuracy and consistency of death certification and coding practices in Australia were examined in relation to a defined population of 552 young men who died aged 20 to 40 years. For each death a mock death certificate was prepared by a team of physicians using all available clinical, pathological, and ...
Davis K B - - 1985
The National Death Index (NDI) is a central, computerized index of death record information compiled from records submitted by the Vital Statistics Office of each state to the National Center for Health Statistics. A selection of 1180 cases, including 370 decedents, from the Coronary Artery Surgery Study was sent to ...
Helgerson S D - - 1985
For accidental electrocutions in Washington State from 1950 to 1979, the standardized proportionate mortality ratio for farmers compared with the general population was found to be 226 in a recent report. This excess mortality rate in Washington State was investigated by the authors, who reviewed death certificates and associated local ...
Larsen J P - - 1985
We have previously found a 3-fold increase in prevalence and a corresponding increase in incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) from 1963 to 1983 in the county of Hordaland, Norway. When studying the official mortality statistics and the deceased patients in our clinical MS-material, no increase in death rate could be ...
Holland S - - 1985
We developed a computer program which generates an outcome-coded birth file from a standard birth file and a matched birth-infant death file. This program uses only anonymous computerized vital records of the kind available to researchers in most states. Despite a large population (Illinois 1977 births totaled 178,728) all death ...
Gibson J J - - 1985
Infectious diarrhea (ID) caused 242 infant deaths in South Carolina between 1970 and 1978, and is still a significant cause of death in the southeastern United States. Therefore, using South Carolina death certificates from 1970 to 1978 and the state's linked birth/death certificate file, we sought prenatal and postnatal characteristics ...
Johnson K M - - 1985
Although correction for underreporting of congenital malformations on birth certificates is included in most studies, inaccuracy of reporting has not been widely examined. Two separate investigations were conducted on the inaccuracy of Down syndrome (DS) reporting on birth certificates; ie, false-positive cases in which an individual coded as DS did ...
Gedalla B - - 1984
Draft revised stillbirth and early infant death certificates were sent with a short questionnaire to certifying doctors for 206 stillbirths and 198 neonatal deaths for which death certificates had been received in the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys over a three week period in 1982. The new certificates complied ...
Remington R D - - 1984
Clinical trials of intervention in chronic disease often use cause-specific mortality as a principal outcome variable. Surprisingly, there has been little standardization of the approach to determining cause of death. Some studies use standard nosological coding based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases while others rely on panels of ...
Breaux S - - 1984
A study was undertaken to determine the accuracy of underlying cause of death as stated on the death certificate for patients treated at Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology (MIR) for carcinoma of the tonsil. The sample consisted of 110 patients who were treated between 1953 and 1976 and who subsequently died; ...
Salman M D - - 1984
Data for path analysis on the epidemiology of bovine brucellosis were gathered from 184 premises in Mexicali Valley, Mexico, that had dairy cattle, swine, and/or goats. Each farmer manager or owner was interviewed, using a pretested set of questions, and the livestock on the premises were serotested for Brucella antibodies. ...
- - 1984
The Research Committee of the British Thoracic Association conducted a confidential inquiry into death from asthma in adults aged 15-64 years resident in the West Midland and Mersey Regions during 1979. Death certificates recording the word asthma were received for 153 persons. The International Classification of Diseases code for the ...
Black D A - - 1984
The records of death that had been certified by general practitioners in one practice over 18 years were assessed in the light of the recent joint publications of the Royal College of Physicians and the Royal College of Pathologists. Over this period roughly 30% of the deaths in the practice ...
Duebel H P - - 1984
50 cast specimens of right human ventricles were subjected to X-ray cinematography in biplane RAO/LAO projection. From the silhouettes in the two projection planes the volumes were calculated using various methods. The calculated volume values were compared with the true values determined by Archimedes' principle. The methods were then arranged ...
Doi T - - 1983
When the mean birth weights (MBW) calculated from frequency tables are compared with each other, the methods for grouping data into class intervals should be taken into consideration. We integrated the lower and/or upper classes of the frequency tables belonging to the type used in the Vital Statistics of Japan ...
Rogot E - - 1983
To test the feasibility of using large national probability samples provided by the US Census Bureau, a pilot project was initiated to link 230,000 Census-type records to the National Death Index (NDI). Using strict precautions to maintain the complete confidentiality of individual records, the Current Population Survey files of one ...
Sunderland R - - 1983
Necropsy reports were traced for 3928 of the 7049 Sheffield children who died between 1947 and 1979. Comparison of these reports with the related death certificates showed important differences in the underlying cause of death in 15%, even after allowing for variation in diagnostic terms and incorrect completion of certificates. ...
Jason J - - 1983
Homicide rates for infants dropped suddenly between 1967 and 1969. The abrupt nature of this decline suggested the change was artifactual. Investigation suggests that two classification revisions instituted at this time were causes of this decline: changes in related codes set forth in the Eighth Revision of the International Classification ...
Kelson M C - - 1983
National differences in respiratory disease mortality have been observed in eight member countries of the European Economic Community (E.E.C.). To investigate the extent to which death certification and coding practices explain such differences, a representative sample of certifying doctors in each country was asked to complete specimen death certificates for ...
Corwin L E - - 1982
The validity of death certification of stroke was studied in the general population cohort at Framingham, MA. During the last 30 years, 5106 people aged 30 to 62 and free of CHD and stroke at entry have been followed for the development of cardiovascular disease including stroke. Of the 280 ...
Gummere G R - - 1982
Our study investigates the epidemiology of Down syndrome (DS) in the state of Ohio during the 1970s. The occurrence of DS births was examined to learn if statistically significant temporal variation was present among these data. Both monthly and annual numbers of DS births, adjusted for changing numbers of live ...
Zengel J E - - 1982
Endplate potentials were recorded from frog and toad sartorius neuromuscular junctions under conditions of greatly reduced quantal contents. The magnitudes of augmentation increased with the duration and frequency of stimulation, often increasing at an accelerating rate during 10-20-s conditioning trains. The magnitudes of the first and second components of facilitation ...
Ahlburg D A - - 1982
"The accuracy of total live birth forecasts issued by the U.S. Bureau of the Census was analysed. Forecast accuracy has not improved significantly since 1950. Further, the forecasts are not more accurate than several naive alternatives. Moving from a period methodology to a cohort methodology improved forecast accuracy for certain ...
Powell-Griner E - - 1982
Considering the poor socioeconomic status of the Spanish surnamed population in Texas, the Spanish surname neonatal mortality rate seems surprisingly low. During five of the last 10 years, the neonatal mortality rate for Texas Spanish surnamed population was actually lower than for Anglos. It is often suggested that the low ...
Frost F - - 1982
Washington State hospitals were queried about the fate of 507 infants born in 1978-79 for whom no linked death certificate existed. Only ten previously unregistered deaths were discovered, raising mortality for this group by 2.5 per cent. In addition, 13 previously unmatched death records were linked to birth records, providing ...
Baker P B - - 1982
The tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) contents of 220 samples of fresh illicit Cannabis products seized on entry into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland over the period 1979-1981 have been determined by gas chromatography. During that period there was a general increase in the quality of both cannabis and ...
Burmeister L F - - 1982
Death certificate analyses of 1675 white, male Iowans over age 30 years who died of leukemia in 1964-1978 were completed. Each case was matched to two controls on age (within two years) at death, county of usual residence and year of death. Consideration of usual occupation, as recorded on the ...
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