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Ghali M H - - 1992
A case/control study of childhood rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) was conducted utilizing information from birth records. Cases among Connecticut residents age 19 and younger diagnosed between 1960 and 1988 were identified from the Connecticut Tumor Registry files. Connecticut birth certificates were located for 103 of the 130 cases identified. A random sample ...
Kerr L J - - 1992
Bridgestone of Japan acquired Firestone, a United States corporation, in early 1988. This article describes the integration process of the two organizations' cultures. There are many lessons in the approach that should apply to a variety of organizations. The Strategic Improvement Process, a rather highly structured approach, harnesses the strengths ...
Selikoff I J - - 1992
There has long been evidence of frequent inaccuracy of death certificates, with significant discordance between such designations and clinical and autopsy data. This exists for occupational diseases as well. The use of statistical rates based on death certificates has been seriously questioned despite their utility for total mortality. Programs to ...
Wood D P - - 1992
The purposes of the investigation were: i) to compare the condylar displacements from centric slides for 74 sets of casts mounted with an estimated versus a true hinge axis; ii) to determine the error in hinge axes location on the recording of condylar displacements from centric slides; and iii) to ...
Grainger C R - - 1992
All death certificates supplied to Grimsby District Health Authority for the years 1967-1980 were examined. Certificates showing the occupation on fisherman (or similar term) or lumper were extracted. Brief analysis of the data on the age and cause of death stated on those certificates is presented. There was no indication ...
Cottrell A - - 1992
Epidemiological surveillance of sentinel occupationally related deaths commonly relies on computerized analyses of mortality data obtained from vital statistics records. A computer search of death records in the District of Columbia for the period 1980 to 1987 identified 15 cases that noted asbestosis, silicosis, coal worker's pneumoconiosis, or primary cancer ...
Russell J - - 1991
BACKGROUND: This research investigated the accuracy of the injury-at-work item on the death certificate for surveillance of occupational injury deaths in Oklahoma during 1985 and 1986. METHODS: Representativeness of occupational injury deaths identified by death certificates was assessed by comparing these deaths with all occupational injury deaths identified through death ...
Stanzione P - - 1991
P300 was recorded, using an 'odd ball' paradigm, in 18 parkinsonian patients before and during dopaminergic monotherapy. The data were compared with those of a homogeneous standard group of 20 subjects. The main finding was an increase in the P300 latency of parkinsonian patients before therapy, which recovered during dopaminergic ...
Barrai I - - 1991
Surname distributions were studied in records of male and female births in Ferrara in the period 1982-89, and in records of male and female deaths in the same period. Average year of birth and standard deviation was 1985 +/- 2.3 for the birth series, and 1912 +/- 14.4 for the ...
- - 1991
Maternal mortality is substantially underreported in the United States and throughout the world. In Puerto Rico, the 1989 revised death certificate contained a new item that asked whether a decedent had been pregnant within the past year. This information enabled a panel of experts to identify and review all death ...
Flynn A - - 1991
A method for the calibration of the output, in terms of an air kerma rate, of the high activity miniature iridium 192 sources used in the Microselectron HDR afterloading unit is described. An air kerma rate is measured using a calibrated thimble chamber in an "in-air" calibration jig. The results ...
- - 1991
Infants born to teenaged mothers and to unmarried mothers are particularly at risk for low birth weight (LBW), which in turn increases their risk for serious morbidity, permanent disability, and death. In the United States, data from birth certificates are the primary source for monitoring trends in reproductive patterns and ...
Toumazos P - - 1991
Scrapie was first recorded in Cyprus in 1985 in two flocks of sheep and subsequently the disease was diagnosed in dairy goats kept in mixed flocks with affected sheep. By 1989 scrapie had been diagnosed in 23 flocks. Epidemiological data presented in the present study are essentially from clinicopathological investigations ...
Silman A J - - 1991
Mortality data for scleroderma derived from death certificates from England and Wales for the years 1968-1985 were analysed. The overall crude mortalities were 0.9 and 3.8 per million per year in men and women respectively, which are similar to comparable data from the United States. There has been a small ...
Rosenwaike I - - 1991
Evidence suggests that among mainland-born decedents. Hispanic (particularly Puerto Rican) origin may have been underreported in states that have added an ancestry item to their death certificates. This study uses the 1980 Census Bureau Spanish-surname list to code surnames on New York City death certificates. By examining the correspondence between ...
Kennedy R D - - 1991
Indian infant mortality rates (IMR) in the State of Oklahoma follow a downward linear trend from 13 per 1,000 live births in the 1975-76 period to 5.8 in 1987-88. Data from 7,631 death certificates matched to birth certificates, however, reveal much higher Indian IMR across the time interval than is ...
Nielsen G P - - 1991
The death certificate is an important source of data on disease incidence, prevalence and mortality. It should therefore be as accurate and complete as possible. Death certificates from 433 autopsied hospital patients were reviewed and matched against the results of post-mortem examinations. Significant discrepancies between the two documents were observed ...
Hall N R - - 1991
A previous paper reported the construction of a tooth colour atlas. This was used to carry out an extensive measurement and classification of tooth colour. The distribution data obtained showed that 80 percent of tooth colour was concentrated in a central hue band of tooth colour space. Utilising the "blending ...
Throne R D - - 1990
Time-domain analysis of intraventricular electrogram morphology during ventricular tachycardia (VT) and sinus rhythm or atrial fibrillation (SR/AF) has been proposed as a method for increasing the specificity of pathological tachycardia detection by antitachycardia devices. However, few studies have validated the use of such analysis with statistical methods. When statistical methods ...
Johnston I - - 1990
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of mortality ascribed to cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis and to identify factors that might be important in the aetiology of the disease; and to assess the validity of death certification of the disease. DESIGN: A retrospective examination of mortality ascribed to cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis in England ...
Hicks H G - - 1990
A method is reviewed for calculating dry ground deposition of any radionuclide in off-site fallout from a nuclear explosion. Calculations are in agreement with measurements. A list of all calculations to date is presented, along with how to obtain copies. In addition, a table of ratios of 240Pu:239Pu and 241Pu:239Pu ...
Iso H - - 1990
The validity of death certificate diagnosis of stroke and its type as the underlying cause of death was investigated in a sample of in-hospital deaths of possible stroke cases from the Minnesota Heart Survey. The 228 in-hospital deaths in 1970 and the 180 deaths in 1980 had a stroke diagnosis ...
O'Brien W J - - 1990
Traditionally, dental-shade-guide standards are designated in terms of Munsell hue (H), value (V), and chroma (C). However, delta E color differences proposed as ADA tolerances for shade guides are in the CIE L*a*b* system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new color-difference equation, delta EM = C ...
Smith S K - - 1990
"The base period of a population forecast is the time period from which historical data are collected for the purpose of forecasting future population values. The length of the base period is one of the fundamental decisions made in preparing population forecasts, yet very few studies have investigated the effects ...
Howard I P - - 1990
It has often been reported that, in the absence of information about the direction of illumination, people interpret surface convexities and concavities in accordance with the assumption that illumination comes from above. However, 'above' could mean with reference to gravity, the head or the retina. Yonas et al reported that ...
Olsen G W - - 1990
This study evaluated the concordance between occupation and industry listed on death certificates with actual work history information for a group (n = 5,882) of long-term (10 years or more) workers at a chemical company. Match rates were calculated as the percent of death certificate occupation and company entries that ...
Moussa M A - - 1990
Consistency between death certificates and clinical records from 5 general hospitals in Kuwait was studied for 470 deaths with the following underlying or associated causes: hypertensive (HYP), ischaemic heart diseases (IHD), cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Direct causes were not considered since they are of little interest analytically. ...
Doyle Y G - - 1990
One hundred death certificates were compared over two time periods with the corresponding autopsy reports on the cases to ascertain if the causes of death from the two sources were similar. There was poor concordance between the two and it seems likely that reasons for requesting an autopsy did not ...
Chu K C - - 1990
A method to estimate site-specific cancer mortality rates using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program incidence and survival data is proposed, calculated, and validated. This measure, the life table-derived mortality rate (LTM), is the sum of the product of the probability of being alive at the beginning of an ...
Taffel S M - - 1989
The 1989 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth includes a number of new items on medical and life-style risk factors of pregnancy and birth, obstetric procedures performed, method of delivery, abnormal conditions and congenital anomalies of the infant, expanded information on birth attendant and place of birth, ...
Olsen L H - - 1989
In a prospective study the inter-observer variation in the diagnosis of undescended testis was analysed. Two physicians assessed independently the position and motility of the testes of 37 boys referred for undescended testis. The boys were examined in the supine and squatting positions. The observed agreement rate between the observers ...
Murphy M - - 1989
A large sample of stillbirth and infant death certificates for England and Wales from 1979-81 was analysed for the frequency of appearance of maternal and fetal conditions anywhere on the certificate, not just as the underlying cause. The results suggest there is presently no need to extend the use of ...
Moyer L A - - 1989
Exploration of the validity of death certificate information for classifying underlying causes of death has historically focused on "natural" or disease-related causes of death. Current interest in injury-related deaths has emphasized the need for proper certification and coding of these deaths. In this study, the authors compared agreement of the ...
Partono F - - 1989
A population of 202 residents in an area endemic for Brugia timori lymphatic filariasis was treated in a diethylcarbamazine control programme commencing in 1977. All individuals were treated twice with diethylcarbamazine on a mass basis with additional selected treatment for cases with manifestations of infection. Clinical features of lymphatic filariasis ...
Guibert R L - - 1989
The recent decline in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality has been attributed to reduction in risk factors, improved management and the possibility of statistical artifacts. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of geographic and time variation in the coding of cause of death from death certificates ...
Benavides F G - - 1989
Certificates of 1,454 deaths occurring over 11 months were retrieved from the Civil Register in Valencia, Spain. Relevant medical information was systematically gathered from hospital records, questionnaires, and Coroner reports. We compared the underlying cause of death (UCD) from the original death certificate, and a reference cause of death (RCD) ...
Flaten T P - - 1989
From 1969 to the end of 1983 in Norway, dementia was coded as the underlying cause of death from 2058 death certificates, and as a contributory cause from 19,459. This is 3.56% of the total number of deaths. It seems that a considerable proportion of dementia cases are noted on ...
Klatt E C - - 1989
Completing a death certificate properly and promptly is an important duty for physicians, who must understand how the death certificate is used and be able to recognize and employ the concepts of immediate, underlying, and contributing causes of death. Accurate, concise terminology should be used to give in a logical ...
Kuller L H - - 1989
Trends in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality were examined among 35-44-year-old white men during 1970-1986. Death certificates were obtained for 1,216 cases. All were coroner-certified natural deaths and noncoroner-certified deaths due to vascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. Autopsy data, coroner's reports, hospital records, physician's reports, and informants were used to ...
Warren M J - - 1989
Forty-five 131I-MIBG scintigrams were performed in 42 patients with suspected phaeochromocytoma. Two patients were infants and the remainder were adults. A sensitivity of 81.8% and a specificity of 88.2% were achieved, leading to an accuracy of 86.7%. The positive predictive value was 69.2% and the negative predictive value was 93.7%.
Jorm A F - - 1989
Australian death certificate data were analysed to determine whether they can provide useful information on regional differences in the prevalence of dementia. Strong differences between the Australian states were found in the prevalence of dementing disorders at death. However, evidence indicated that death certification practices influenced the prevalence rates found: ...
Cole S K - - 1989
Death certificates of neonates were compared with detailed clinical and pathological information provided for a national neonatal mortality survey. The systematic method of assigning the cause of death to one of seven broad categories in the survey found complete agreement with the underlying cause of death on the death certificate ...
Barglow P - - 1989
Freud (1905, 1917, 1937) throughout his lifetime sought empirical scientific confirmation of the validity of his discoveries. In pursuit of this goal, he persistently emphasized the importance of establishing agreement between analytic reconstructions and the results of naturalistic child observation. The same objective lead Lichtenberg (1983), Emde (1981, 1985), and ...
Kalter H D - - 1989
During the 5-day period from 28 Feb. 1985 through 4 March 1985, 24 heroin overdoses occurred in the District of Columbia. Statistical tests for clustering of fatal and nonfatal overdoses during this interval identified 7 heroin-related deaths that occurred on March 1 to 2 as a statistically significant cluster (p ...
Howe H L - - 1988
Studies of Memphis and Three Mile Island have noted a positive association between actual residential distance and public concern about exposure to the potential of contamination, whereas none was found at Love Canal. In this study, concern about environmental contamination and exposure was examined in relation to both perceived and ...
Sundman L - - 1988
The aim of this study was to examine whether observed high mortality from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) among males in the municipality of Hofors, Sweden, is accurate, or the result of some artefact. The validity of death certificates from Hofors municipality and from a control area (Gävle) were ascertained by ...
Alderman B W - - 1988
The authors performed a population-based case-control study of the association between weather and occurrence of eclampsia in Washington State. Women who were recorded as having eclampsia on Washington birth certificates from 1980 to 1983 were compared to a random sample of all women who gave birth during those years. For ...
Hanzlick R - - 1988
Previous studies have identified an apparent underreporting of alcohol-related natural deaths on death certificates. This survey consists of a review of death certificates in one urban county, and provides further evidence that alcohol-caused natural deaths are underreported by physicians who sign death certificates.
Edlavitch S A - - 1988
Prior to 1979, epidemiologic studies which included mortality follow-up on large cohorts relied on death certificates from last state of residence and expensive follow-up techniques to determine survival. Beginning with 1979, the National Death Index can be used to search death certificate files from all 50 states, the Virgin Islands, ...
Winek C L - - 1988
A 54 year-old female expired at her residence. Her husband, a physician, signed a certificate stating that her death was due to cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and released her body to a funeral home, where she was embalmed. Since the deceased had a long history of medical problems and drug abuse, ...
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